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/    Jones    Co  J 
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R.  M.  CORBIT,  B.  S.  and  LL.  B. 







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The  mission  of  the  historian  is  to  chronicle  things  and  events  as  he  finds 
them,  and  preserve  them  according  to  the  fact,  rather  than  to  g^ve  to  history  the 
coloring  he  thinks  it  ought  to  have.  The  recording  of  the  organization,  prc^fress 
and  condition  of  the  county,  commercially,  socially,  religiously,  educationally  and 
politically,  past  and  present,  is  not  a  matter  of  interest  and  value  for  the  present 
generation  alone;  future  generations  will  peruse  these  pages  to  learn  of  the 
past,  and  from  force  of  circumstances,  will  be  compelled  to  accept  the  facts 
herein  presented,  as  matters  of  undisputed  historic  reference.  To  gather  and 
transcribe  the  data  of  this  volume  in  the  short  space  of  six  months,  has  been  a 
large  undertaking,  and  what  has  been  accomplished  in  that  period  of  time,  will 
be  disclosed  in  the  pages  of  this  history. 

The  History  of  Jones  County,  published  in  1879,  has  been  of  valuable  assist- 
ance in  compiling  this  volume,  and  its  pages  have  been  freely  used  in  this  history 
so  far  as  applicable.  The  cheerful  assistance  rendered  the  editor  by  those 
solicited  for  information  and  contributions,  forms  one  of  the  most  delightful 
memories  of  this  task.  To  meet  these  people  in  their  homes,  in  their  places  of 
business,  and  on  the  street  and  highway,  and  secure  their  hearty  cooperation  in 
making  this  work  a  success,  has  been  one  of  the  most  enjoyable  features  of  the 
labors  we  were  called  upon  to  perform.  The  friendships  formed,  the  coopera- 
tion manifest,  the  appreciation  expressed,  and  the  satisfaction  experienced  in 
securing  a  history  of  our  home  county,  have  been  encouraging  features  in  the  role 
as  historian. 

We  gladly  express  our  grateful  appreciation  of  the  encouragement,  support 
and  assistance  of  the  several  members  of  the  Advisory  Board,  namely,  J.  W. 
Doxsee,  Mary  Calkins  Chassell,  Christina  Scroggie  and  T.  E.  Booth.  Special 
recognition  and  acknowledgement  should  also  be  made  of  the  generous  and  able 
services  of  Mr.  J.  E.  Remley,  of  Anamosa,  in  writing  the  Fairview  township 
liistory ;  of  the  valuable  and  willing  assistance  of  S.  J.  Rice  of  Scotch  Grove,  in 
securing  historical  data  in  Scotch  Grove  township;  of  the  kindness  of  Ervin  E. 
Reed  of  Monticello  in  contributing  a  chapter  on  the  topography  of  the  county; 

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of  Frank  Kenney  of  the  Oxford  Mirror ;  of  A.  A.  Cole  of  the  Olin  Recorder ; 
Mrs.  W.  B.  Brock,  D.  E.  Rummel,  Mrs.  F.  W.  Port,  K.  T.  Lamb,  L.  M.  Car- 
penter and  others  at  Olin ;  C.  H.  Brown  and  others  of  Martelle ;  S.  S.  Farwell, 
H.  M.  Carpenter,  R.  C.  Stirton,  G.  W.  Lovell,  several  ladies  of  the  Friday  Club, 
and  others  of  Monticello;  William  Stingley,  J.  E.  Coder,  Frank  Jones,  M.  O. 
Felton,  T.  Dawson  and  others  of  Center  Junction ;  the  several  township  and  town 
clerks;  the  various  ministers  of  the  churches;  the  secretaries  of  the  fraternal 
and  other  organizations ;  the  bank  officers  and  the  several  county  and  other  pub- 
lic officials ;  the  early  settlers,  and  the  many  whose  information,  suggestions  and 
contributions  have  added  to  the  value  and  accuracy  of  this  history. 

It  is  indeed  a  matter  of  regret  that  the  county,  township  and  town  records, 
generally,  have  been  found  incomplete.  In  many  instances,  the  earlier  records 
of  the  townships  have  been  more  full  and  complete  with  official  information  than 
the  later  records.  A  school  of  instruction  for  town  and  township  clerks  in  the 
matter  of  keeping  the  proper  record  of  official  meetings  would  be  profitable. 
Some  of  the  records,  however,  had  the  minutes  of  official  action  properly  re- 
corded, and  are  models  for  neatness  and  accuracy  of  statement.  The  earlier 
county  records,  on  the  other  hand,  have  lacked  system  and  connection.  But  this 
is  past.  The  present  records  of  the  county  are  models  in  system,  accuracy  and 
completeness,  and  under  the  present  county  officials,  especially  the  county  audi- 
tor and  the  clerk  of  the  district  court,  the  records  are  becoming  more  complete 
and  accurate. 

A  careful  reading  of  the  pages  of  this  volume  can  only  deepen  the  respect 
of  the  reader  for  those  early  pioneers,  who  by  their  untiring  energy,  devotion 
and  sacrifices,  have  made  possible  the  civilization,  prosperity  and  enlighten- 
ment of  the  present  day.  The  reader  will  note  with  an  increasing  interest,  the 
gradual  development  of  the  country  from  the  imbroken  forests,  unturned  prairies 
and  primitive  cabins,  to  the  broad  acres  of  rich  cultivated  fields,  improved  farms, 
and  comfortable  homes  of  today.  The  men  and  women  of  the  early  days  were 
distinctive  institutions,  each  in  his  and  her  own  sphere  and  community,  battling 
for  some  ideal,  representing  some  principle,  and  laying  the  foundations  for  the 
present  prosperity  and  advantages.  Posterity  can  well  afford  to  be  magnani- 
mous, and  the  heart  may  well  swell  with  pride  and  reverence  for  the  hardy  and 
sacrificing  pioneers,  whose  heritage  is  now  enjoyed.  Indeed,  in  the  language  of 
the  prospectus,  we  can  say  this  history  "is  an  effort  to  rescue  from  oblivion  the 
deeds  of  ancestors  and  the  early  pioneers,  the  causes  of  prosperity  and  greatness, 
and  the  character  of  the  average  men  who  have  achieved  success  and  made 
famous  our  industries  and  institutions."  The  present  institutions  of  learning 
and  industry,  the  numerous  schools  and  churches,  the  general  intelligence  and 
moral  standards  of  the  people  and  their  general  prosperity,  all  have  been  builded 
on  the  foundations  laid  by  our  ancestors,  and  are  silent  monuments  and  tributes 
of  praise  to  the  character,  influence  and  enthusiasm  of  the  noble-hearted  pioneers 
and  their  children. 

This  work  is  dedicated  and  presented  to  the  many  good  people  of  Jones 
county  with  the  hope  that  it  will  be  appreciated,  that  it  will  be  found  of  llarge 
value  as  a  history  of  the  county,  its  people  and  its  institutions,  past  and  present, 
and  that  those  who  have  aided  in  making  this  undertaking  a  success,  will  find  a 

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satisfaction  for  their  kind  services  which  will  be  to  them  of  richer  value  and 
higher  compensation  than  the  words  of  thanks  and  appreciation  spoken  by  the 

The  next  generation  will  accord  to  this  work,  even  a  higher  estimate  of  value 
than  the  generation  of  today.  The  highest  sources  of  information,  the  pioneers 
themselves,  are  rapidly  passing  to  other  rewards.  Very  few  remain  to  tell  the 
story  of  privation,  endurance  and  romance.  The  history  of  the  county  was  largely 
made  when  the  pioneers  were  in  the  prime  of  life.  Their  written  experiences, 
and  the  story  of  life,  organization  and  industry  as  told  by  their  lips,  and  recorded 
in  these  pages,  are  more  valuable  and  reliable  than  tradition.  This  work  is  to 
save  for  posterity,  the  true  history  of  the  county  with  its  beginnings,  its  growth 
and  its  prosperity. 

This  history  will  be  published  in  two  volumes.  The  first  volume  is  history; 
ihe  second,  personal  biography ;  the  editor  has  had  supervision  of  the  first  volume 
only.  R.  M.  Corbit. 

Wyoming,  Iowa,  November   i,  1909. 

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EJarly  Settlement    28 

Infant  Pioneers  24 

Some  First  Things  In  Jones  Ctounty 25 

Historic  Setting  of  Jones  Connty 26 

Political  Organization  of  tlie  Ck>unty 2T 

First  Election  of  Ctounty  Officers 28 

Some  Early  Commissioner's  Records 29 

Election  Precincts 80 

Organization  of  Townships 81 

The  Topography  of  Jones  County 88 

Tornado  History  42 

Barthqnake  History  44 

Flood  History 46 

State  and  Federal  Officers  from  Jones  County 49 

Jones  County  in  the  Legislature 49 

In  the  Territorial  Council 00 

State  Senators BO 

State  R^resentatiyes flO 

County  Officers Bl 

Commissioners .' 51 

Supervisors   52 

Clerks  of  Commissioner's  Court 64 

Clerks  District  Court 54 

Sheriffs 54 

Recorders 54 

Treasurers 54 

Auditors  55 

County  Superintendents 55 

County  Attorneys 55 

Coroners 55 

Surveyors  55 

County  Organization,  1909 56 

County  Expenses,  1865 69 

County  Expenses,  1878 69 

County  Expenses,  1895 60 

County  Expenses,  1908 61 

County  Expenses,  by  years  since  1880 62 

County  Assessment  by  Townships,  1864 68 

County  Assessment  by  Townships,  1879 64 

County  Assessment  by  Townships,  1896 66 

County  Assessments  by  Townships,  1909 66 

Comparative  Table  of  Property  Valuations,  '61  to  '09 , . . .  66 

Growth  and  Development  of  Jones  County  Population 67 

Comparative  Population  by  Townships,  1860-1905 67 

Crop  and  Produce  Statistics 68 

Tax  Levies  for  1909 68 


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County  Seat  Questions 70 

The  Courthouse  !..!.!!  72 

Some  Improvements [ ...!....  74 

Educational  ...!...  74 

Cass  Township  Schools  and  Teachers .....!..  76 

Castle  Grove  Schools  and  Teachers 76 

Clay  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 76 

Falrvlew  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 76 

Greenfield  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 76 

Hale  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 76 

Jackson  Township  Schools  and  Teachers [ 77 

Lovell  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 77 

Madison  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 77 

Oxford  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 77 

Richland  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 77 

Rome  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 77 

Scotch  Grove  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 77 

Waynp  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 78 

Washington  Township  Schools  and  Teachers 78 

Wyoming  Township  Schools  and  Teachers ! 78 

Town  Graded,  Schools  and  Teachers 79 

Political  Status  of  Jones  County 80 

Election  Returns,  1876-1908 82 

Early  Marriages  and  Marriage  Licenses,  1839-1856 83 

Early  Dairying 90 

Odds  and  Ends 92 

M.  E.  Appointments,  1874 92 

Petit  Jurors,  December,  1867 92 

Montlcello  Markets,  June  20,  1867 92 

Wyoming  Markets.  October  1,  1909 92 

Abstract  of  Real  and  Personal  Property,  1867 93 

School  Census  and  Apportionment,  1867 93 

Status  of  Air  Ship  Navigation,  August,  1909 98 

The  North  Pole   (J5 

Republican  Convention,  1868  95 

Jones  County  Medical  Society 96 

Jones  County  Farmer's  Institute 97 

Jones  County  Sunday  School  Association  98 

Jones  County  Good  Roads  Association 99 

Jones  County  Old  Settler's  Association  99 

Lynch  Law  and  the  Vigilance  Committee 102 

The  County  Farm 103 

The  Judiciary 105 

The  First  Court 106 

The  Courts— County,  Circuit  and  District 107 

The  Jones  County  Bar  Association 109 

Jones  County  Attorneys,  1909 109 

Meteorological  and  Climatology  Tables,  Jones  County 109 

Maximum  and  Minimum  Temperature,  1854  to  1909 110 

Monthly  and  Annual  Rain  and  Snow  in  inches 113 

Earliest  and  Latest  Frost,  1850  to  1909 114 

Monthly  and  Annual  Quantities  of  Snow  in  inches 115 

Civil  War  History 116 

Events  Leading  up  to  War  116 

Union  Meeting 117 

Resolutions  by  Board  of  Supervisors,  June,  1861 121 

Patriotic  Meeting  in  Rome 122 

The  County  4th  of  July  Celebration 122 

Incidents  of  Enlistment 123 

First  Company  of  Volunteers 124 

Grand  Turn-Out  of  Military  and  CltizenB 125 

Flag  Presentation  and  D^arture 127 

Farewell  Supper 129 

Sanitary  Commission 129 

Flag  Presentation  by  Boston  Ladles 180 

Another  Offering  from  Jones  County 132 

The  Draft 182 

The  Flag  of  the  Ninth  Iowa 138 

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Washington's  Birthday  at  Anamoea,  1864 138 

The  Fourteenth  Iowa  Infantry *  135 

Re-Unlon  at  MonticeUo,  August  14, 1865 !..!.!!  !l86 

Col.  Wm.  T.  Shaw  of  Anamosa .* 137 

Soldier's  Memento— Left-Hand  Writing  !!'.188 

History  of  Co.  B,  9th  Iowa 141 

History  of  Co.  H,  81st  Iowa ! 144 

History  of  the  24th  Iowa .149 

Volunteer  Roster   * .' .  ,151 

List  of  Soldiers  In  Jones  County  In  1886 .182 

The  Spanish  War  I93 

Banks  and  Banking '. * .  .194 

Aggregate  Deposits,  Capital  and  Assets !l94 

The  Onslow  Savings  Bank 195 

The  Montlcello  State  Bank  ! 196 

The  Lovell  State  Bank,  Montlcello 197 

The  Oxford  Junction  Savings  Bank  198 

The  Citizens  Exchange  Bank,  Oxford  Junction 199 

The  Citizens  Savings  Bank,  Olin I99 

The  First  National  Bank,  Olin 200 

The  Farmers  Savings  Bank,  Martelle 201 

The  Citizens  Savings  Bank,  Anamosa 202 

NUes  &  Wattars  Savings  Bank,  Anamosa 203 

The  Anamosa  National  Bank .204 

The  First  National  Bank,  Wyoming 205 

The  Citizens  Bank,  Wyoming 206 

Ballroads 207 

Mileage  and  Assessed  Valuation  per  mile 216 

The  Jones  County  Calf  Case 216 

The  Catholic  Churches  in  Jones  County « 219 

Catholicity  in  Anamosa  228 

St.  Joseph's  Parish,  Stone  City  240 

Catholic  Church  in  Montlcello 242 

Catholicity  in  Castle  Grove 246 

Catholic  Church  in  Oxford  Junction 254 


Early  Settlement 255 

The  Schools 256 

Cass  Congregational  Church 256 

Official  Township  Roster 269 


The  Early  Settl^nent 261 

Some  Early  Pioneers 262 

The  Postofflces  ; .  .262 

The  Mill 268 

The  Schools   263 

Downerville  Co-Operatlve  Creamery  Company 263 

Castle  Grove  Mutual  Tel^hone  Company 264 

Farmer's  Mutual  Insurance  Association 264 

Penlel  Presbyterian  Church 265 

The  Evangelical  Church 266 

Castle  Grove  Baptist  Church 266 

The  German  Lutheran  Church 269 

Official  Township  Roster  269 


An  Honored  Resident  and  Pioneer 273 

Early  Settlement  and  History 274 

Clay  Mills 276 

Clay  Mills  Postofflce  276 

Other  Mill  History 275 

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The  Creameries  276 

The  Jamee  Hall  Creamery .,,,,.[  !276 

The  Carpenter  Creamery  ] ]  .276 

The  Bader  Creamery '  .277 

The  Clay  Co-Operative  Creamery  '. 277 

Clayford,  location  and  PostoflQce !278 

Free- Will  Baptist  Church 278 

Bethel  Presbyterian  Church ! ] .  .279 

Latter  Day  Saints  Chapel '  '28I 

The  Village  of  Canton ...,. .282 

The  Mill  and  Other  Business  Interests [,  ,2S2 

The  Canton  Postoffice  [ 284 

Official  Roster  Clay  Township *.  *284 


General  Conditions  287 

1909  Assessment 288 

Comparative  Market  Prices 288 

Early  Settlement  of  Anamosa  and  Township 291 

Mrs.  Peet's  Letter,  1842 293 

Wild  Game  in  Fairview  Township 295 

The  First  Postoffice 297 

Anamosa 299 

The  County  Seat .300 

Business  Interests 804 

Anamosa  Water  Works 305 

Mercantile  and  Commercial 305 

Strawberry  Hill 305 

Anamosa  Incorporated 306 

A  Few  Dates  of  Public  Interest 306 

Origin  of  the  Name  Anamosa 307 

Anamosa  Postoffice 308 

Anamosa  Home-Coming,  1909  811 

City  Officers 814 

Churches    816 

Fairview  Baptist  Church  316 

Anamosa  Baptist  Church 317 

Congregational  Church,  Anamosa   319 

Presbyterian  Church,  Anamosa 324 

Protestant  Episcopal  Church,  Anamosa 326 

Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  Anamosa 326 

Protestant  Methodist  Church 328 

Catholic  Church    328 

Banks 328 

Nlles  &  Watters  Savings  Bank 328 

The  Anamosa  National  Bank 328 

Citizens  Savings  Bank .329 

Old  Landmark  Taken  Down  330 

A  Historical  Ball  Game 330 

Fire  Department    332 

Fires .333 

Anamosa  and  the  Press 336 

Iowa  State  Reformatory 338 

Peoples  Gas  Company 350 

Anamosa  Fair  Association  350 

Anamosa  Cemetery  Association 353 

The  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic 354 

Eastern  Iowa  Veteran  Association 356 

The  Apollo  Club 356 

Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution 357 

The  Library  3® 

Minutes  of  Council-Library  360 

Sanitarium    S® 

Educational 304 

Mystic  Workers 366 

Modem  Woodmen  366 

Knights  of  Pythias 367 

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History  of  Stone  City 868 

mie  Poetofflce,  Stone  City 368 

lU^igious  Welfare 868 

The  Stone  QuarrieB  860 


Early  Settlement 878 

Oflldal  Township  Roster  874 

Tile  Town  of  Martelle 876 

The  First  Merchant 876 

The  Town  Platted 876 

Some  Early  Merchants   876 

Some  Early  Settlers    877 

Martelle  Incorporated  877 

Martelle  Official  Roster 877 

The  Postofflce    878 

The  Creamery  878 

Banking   879 

The  Schools   379 

Business  Directory,  1909 880 

Fraternal  Societies,  K.  P.,  P.  S.,  M.  W.  A.,  R.  N.  A 881 

The  Churches    382 

The  Methodist  Church 882 

The  Christian  Church  382 


Barly  Settlement 382 

Hie  Township  Organized  388 

An  Early  Industry  888 

The  Bridge   888 

The  Village  of  Hale 884 

The  Postofflce 384 

The  Hale  Church   885 

Hale  Business  Roster,  1909 885 

The  Village  Platted  885 

The  Creamery 386 

Hale  Lodges.  M.  W.  A.,  R.  N.  A 386 

Pleasant  Hill  Church   387 

Official  Roster  Hale  Township  388 


General  Conditions  389 

The  First  School 889 

The  First  Settlem«it 389 

A  Pioneer  Family 889 

Other  Early  Families 

The  Village  of  Newport 

Location  of  Village 390 

The  Newport  Mills 891 

Village  of  Isbell   '. .  .891 

An  Early  Mill 391 

Cemeteries    891 

A  Late  Spring 391 

The  Antloch  Church   392 

Riverside  United  Brethren  Church 392 

Official  Roster  Jackson  Township 898 


The  Township  Organized 897 

Official  Roster  Lovell  (and  Montlcello)  Township .898 

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The  Early  Settlement 40O 

The  First  Marriage 401 

The  First  Birth   401 

The  Township  Organized  402 

The  Village  of  Madison  402 

The  Postofflce 402 

Business  Center ;  An  "Inn"  Incidence 402 

Township  Assessment  in  1850 403 

A  Madison  Bear  of  1861 404 

Official  Roster  Madison  Township 405 

Center  Junction 408 

The  First  Building 408 

Early  Mercantile  Interests 408 

The  Village  in  1879  409 

The  Village  Fire  Visitation 409 

The  Village  Incorporated  409 

Water  Works  Established 409 

Business  Roster,  1909  410 

The  Creamery    410 

The  County  Seat  Question 410 

Center  Junction  Clay  Works 411 

The  Telephone  Company 411 

Center  Junction  Orchestra 411 

Center  Junction  Schools  412 

The  Center  Junction  Call 418 

The  Center  Junction  Visitor 414 

The  Churches 414 

The  Methodist  Church 414 

The  Presbyterian  Church .415 

Fraternal  Societies  416 

The  K.  K.  Club 418 

Official  Roster,  Center  Junction  418 


The  Township  Organized 420 

A  Prosperous  City 420 

Death  of  S.  S.  Farwell 420 

Early  History  of  Montlcello,  by  M.  M.  Moulton 421 

The  First  Settier 424 

Hop  Culture  425 

Personal  Reminiscences  by  Mrs.  Gallagher 426 

The  Village  of  Montlcello  Incorporated '^ .438 

The  Principal  Fires  440 

The  Postoffice 443 

John  O.  Duer  Post,  G.  A.  R 444 

The  Montlcello  Schools 444 

The  Montlcello  Press 452 

Early  Business  Men  of  Montlcello 454 

The  Montlcello  ^Public  Li^     ry 450 

The  Montlcello  Library  "^      ety  462 

The  Friday  Club  .... 463 

Club  of  1894 464 

Young  Men's  Christian  A         ation 465 

Volunteer  Fire  Company  465 

The  Diamond  Creamery  C       >any 465 

The  Jones  County  Fair  Ass.       tlon 467 

The  Montlcello  Union  Park  A.*soclatlon 468 

Jones  County  Militia  Company   •  •  •  .469 

Montlcello  Cemetery  Association  470 

The  Soldier's  Monument 473 

The  Klondyke  Creamery 473 

History  of  Banking  in  Montlcello 474 

MonUcello  Water  Works 475 

Montlcello  Electric  Lights 476 

The  Hoag  Duster  Company 477 

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Hall-Benedict  Manufacturing  CJompany 478 

Monrtcello  Tll^  Factory 478 

The  Bottling  Works [ 479 

The  Monticello  Mills '. .  .479 

Montlcello  Canning  Company  .* 4S0 

Monticello  Greenhouses  and  Nursery 481 

The  Monticello  Cornet  Band 481 

Monticello  Fraternal  Societies 481 

K.  of  P 481 

M.  W.  A 482 

R.  N.  A 482 

O.  0.0 482 

T.  L.  of  H 4?^2 

H.  G.  W 483 

M.  W.  W 483 

Rebekahs   483 

0.  E.  S 483 

1.  O.  O.  F.  No.  117 484 

T.  O.  O.  F.  No.  43 484 

A.  O.  U.  W 484 

M.  B.  A 484 

R.  A.  M.,  r.  D 485 

Trinity  Commandery 485 

Am.  Patriots 485 

Homesteaders 485 

A.  F.  &  A.  M 485 

The  Churches 486 

The  Congregational  Church  486 

The  Presbyterian  Church  487 

The  German  Reformed  Church 489 

The  M.  E.  Church  489 

The  Catholic  Church   491 

The  I'nited  Brethren  Church .492 

The  Baptist  Church 492 

The  Episcopalian  Society  492 

The  Christian  Church   493 

The  Business  and  Professional  Roster,  1909 493 

Official  Roster,  City  of  Monticello 494 


Location  and  Organization , 496 

The  First  Settler    497 

The  First  Dwellings 497 

The  First  Child  Born   498 

The  First  Wedding 498 

The  First  Religious   Service    .498 

The  First  Death .498 

The  Development  of  the  Township 499 

Official  Township  Roster 499 

Village  of  Oxford  Mills 500 

The  Oxford  Mill 501 

Zinn  Electric  Light  and  Power  Co .*   *U 502 

The  (^hurch    ''^    502 

The  Postoffice '        502 

Oxford  Junction    :  503 

Location  and  General  (V)nditions :'         '. 503 

The  Beginning  of  the  Town ^      ; 503 

Growth  and  Development  !     ' 503 

I>osses  and  Epidemics '^V*  V 504 

The  Water  WorlvS .' 504 

The  Town  Politically 504 

The  Coumiercial  Club   505 

A  Manufactory    505 

The  Topaz  Creamery  505 

The  Oxford  Mirror    507 

Banking   508 

The  Postoffice 509 

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The  Public  School 509 

The  Pbilomatheon  Club 511 

Bohemian  Farm  Mutual  Insurance  Company 512 

The  B.  &  A.  National  Band 512 

Good  Templars  Society 512 

The  Depot  and  Its  Business 513 

The  Oxford  Junction  Telephone  Company 513 

Business  Directory,  1909 513 

The  Churches  514 

St.  Mary's  Church   514 

Sacred  Heart  Church  515 

The  Methodist  Church   510 

Kvangelical  Lutheran  Church 517 

Fraternal  Societies 518 

R.  N.  A 518 

A.  F.  &  A.  M 518 

M.  B.  A 518 

K.  of  P 518 

O.  O.  0 519 

Western  Bohemian  Fraternal  Association 519 

M.  W.  A 519 

Official  Roster,  Oxford  Junction 520 


Early  Settlement  521 

The  Township  Organized  .521 

An  Early  Missionary  522 

An  Incident  with  Wolves 522 

A  Pioneer  Story 522 

The  Infant  Pioneers   523 

Bowen's  Prairie 523 

Village  Platted 523 

The  Postofflce 623 

The  Churches  524 

The  Bowen's  Prairie  Congregational  Church 524 

The  Methodist  (Church 525 

German  Presbyterian  Church   525 

The  Ross  Cheese  Factory  525 

Historical  Sketch  of  Bowen's  Prairie,  by  Barrett  Whittemore 526 

A  Melancholy  Event 528 

Some  Pioneers  530 

A  Political  Anecdote  531 

A  Horse  Race 532 

Political  Questions  532 

Other  Pioneer  Settlements 534 

Official  Roster  Richland  Township 536 


Early  Settlement  in  General 539 

Reminiscences  of  Rome.  1840-41,  by  R.  J.  Cleaveland 540 

Incidents  of  the  First  Court 542 

Early  Manners  and  Customs   543 

Uncle  Ben  Smith    544 

Early  Law  Matters   544 

Early  County   History    546 

Early  Mall   Facilities    548 

Early  County  Seat  Problems 548 

Early  terming  Methods  549 

The  Indians 549 

Saw  and  Grist  Mills 550 

The  Cause  of  Education 551 

An   Anecdote    551 

Some  Early  Settlers 552 

The  First  Child 553 

The  First  Burial    563 

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A  Late  Season 553 

The  Township  Organized 553 

Olin 554 

The  Town  Platted 554 

The  People   554 

The  Postofflce 554 

The  Depot 555 

The  Town  of  Olln  Incorporated 555 

Official  Roster  of  Olln 557 

The  First  Physician 559 

K.  T.  Lamb,  Merchant   559 

The  Olin  School 560 

Olin  and  the  Press  563 

The  Olin  Fires 504 

Banking   565 

Water  Works  566 

Electric  Lights 567 

Organizations   567 

The  Olin  Volunteer  Fire  Company  567 

The  Olin  Cornet  Band   567 

The  Olln  Commercial  Club   568 

Poultry  Fanciers'  Association  5(J8 

The  20th  Century  Club  . . . ; 568 

The  Olin-Morley  Telephone  Company  569 

The  Olin  Creamery    569 

The  Olln  Tile  and  Brick  Company 569 

Don  A.  Carpenter  Post,  G.  A.  R 569 

The  Olin  College  570 

The  Olin  Cemetery  572 

The  Ladies'  Cemetery  Association 573 

The  Churches 573 

Olin  United  Brethen  Church 578 

German  Lutheran  St.  John's  Church 574 

The  Advent  Church  575 

The  Christian  Church  575 

The  Methodist  Church -. 575 

Societies 576 

A.  F.  &  A.  M 576 

I.  O.  O.  F 577 

Olin  Temperance  League 577 

A.  O.  U.  W 577 

Rebefoas    577 

Mystic  Workers 577 

KnifThts  of  Pythias 577 

I'niform  Rank,  K.  of  P 578 

M.  W.  A 578 

O.  E.  S 578 

Pythian  Sisters 579 

R.  N.  A 579 

Business  Roster.  1909 579 

The  Village  of  Morley  580 

The  Postofflce 581 

The  Methodist  Church   581 

The  School    581 

Morley  Mutual  Telephone  Company 5.S2 

Societies 582 

M.  W.  A.  582 

R.  N.  A.  582 

Business  Roster,  1909 5S2 

Official  Roster,  Rome  Township 583 


General  Conditions  584 

The  Promised  Land  Explored 584 

Survivors  of  the  First  Pioneers 584 

Other  Pioneers 584 

The  First  Death 586 

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Other  Immigrants kc« 

The  Mills ',','.'.[['/,'.'/.'.'.'.'.['.'.[[[[  586 

Scotch  Grove  Water  Supply I .,/,../...,/.,...  /,../,[  !5.S8 

John  E.  Lovejoy  !....!..!!!!!!!  [588 

The  Schools !....!!!!!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.!  Isiso 

Scotch  Grove  in  the  Civil  War .......!!.!!.!!.!!!!...!!!!.  !590 

An  li^nlistment  Incident ...!!!!!!!!.!!!!..  591 

Names  of  Soldiers  Who  Enlisted  from  Scotch  Grove ! . . ! . . . '. . . .,/,  [591 

Names  of  Soldiers  Burled  in  Scotch  Grove  Cemetery ]     592 

Members  of  Co.  D,  Killed  or  Wounded  in  Service !5.92 

The  Soldier's  Monument 594 

Scotch  ( Jrove  Village .,....'...'.,..,.....,.  595 

Early  Village  History .595 

The  Elevator 595 

The  Store    .!!!!.! 595 

The  Postofflce !595 

The  Creamery , . .. .  .596 

Business  Roster,  1909 !!!!!!..  596 

The  Scotch  Grove  Nursery !..!...  .596 

The  Village  of  Johnscm ...!.!  ^598 

The  Johnson  Postoffice 598 

The  Johnson  Creamery 598 

The  "Limner  letters"  of  1874 ]  .599 

The  (;reat  Bear  Hunt  of  1859 !(;04 

The  Harvest  Home  Picnic  Society (108 

An  Early  Celebration,  July  4,  1867 (K)8 

Sorghum  and  Hops ^08 

Scotch  Grove  Church  History  (509 

The  Presbyterian  Church  609 

The  Methodist  Church 61 1 

The  Christian  Church  611 

Official  Roster,  Scotch  Grove  Township 612 


Location  and  General  Conditions 616 

The  I'eople 616 

Some  Early  Settlers 616 

Temple  Hill 619 

Temple  Hill  Catholic  Church 619 

Official  Roster,  Washington  Township  619 


General  Conditions  (521 

The  Township  Organized  621 

The  First   Settler 622 

The  Growth  of  the  Township  (i22 

The  First  Child  Born   622 

The  First  School 622 

Early  Settlers C22 

Edinburgh— The  County  Seat   623 

The  First  Postofflce  624 

The  Village  of  Langworthy 624 

The  Crescent  Creamery 624 

An  Early  Cheese  Factory 625 

The  Langworthy  Co-Operative  Creamery  Company 625 

Langworthy  Postoffice 626 

Langworthy  M.  E.  Church 626 

Business  Roster,  1909 626 

The  Woodmen   627 

The  Village  of  Amber » 627 

A  Serious  Conflagration 627 

Business  Roster,  1909 627 

The  M.  E.  Church 627 

Woodmen   Ixxlge   628 

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Mystic  Workers  628 

The  German  Reformed  Church   ,,.., 628 

The  Co-operative  Creamery  Co 628 

The  Amber  Postofflce 629 

Wayne  German  Mutual  Insurance  Co 629 

St.  John^s  Evangelical  Lutheran  Church 630 

Zion  German  T^utheran  Church 633 

Wajnie  Presbyterian  Church 634 

The  rnited  Presbyterian  Church  634 

The  Jones  County  Home 635 

Official  Roster,  Wayne  Township 635 


Dr.  M.  H.  Calkins— A  Tribute 640 

Early  Reminiscences  of  Wyoming 641 

The  First  Death   '.646 

The  First  Preaching  Service ]647 

The  First  Marriage   649 

The  First  Sod  Plowed    649 

The  First  School  House  650 

The  First  Store    650 

The  Township  Organized  650 

The  First  Township  Officers 651 

The  Beginning  of  Wyoming  Village 652 

The  Schools    655 

The  Methodist  Church    657 

The  Presbyterian  Church  658 

The  I'nited  Presbyterian  Church   660 

The  Baptist  Church  661 

Some  Organizations  661 

United  Presbyterian  Church  667 

The  Methodist  Church 670 

The  Presbyterian   Church    671 

The  German  Lutheran  Church 673 

South  Mineral  M.  E.  Church 674 

A  Curiosity 67i 

Steam  Mill  Corners   674 

Official  Roster,  Wyoming  Township 675 

The  Town  of  Wyoming  Incorporated 677 

Its  Growth   677 

The  Mayor    677 

The  Indebtedness    678 

The  Oi)era  House  678 

The  Town  Platted 678 

Some  First  Things  in  Wyoming 678 

The  Postoffice 679 

The  Public  Schools 680 

Course  of  Study 684 

Graduates    684 

The  Alumni  Association  686 

The  Depot 687 

History  of  Banks  in.Wyoming 687 

First  Memorial  Day  in  Wyoming 688 

History  of  Dairy  Interests 689 

Co-oi)erative  Creamery  Association 690 

Wyoming  Cemetery  Association  691 

The  Soldiers*  Monument 692 

Ben  Paul  Post,  G.  A.  R 692 

Ben  Paul  Post,  W.  R.  C 693 

Fire  Department  694 

Wyoming  Telephone  Company   695 

Bear  Creek  Valley  Telephone  Company 696 

Destruction  by  Fires 696 

Water  Works 697 

Wyoming  Electric  Lights  698 

Bay  View  Historical  Club  699 

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Hawthorne  Club   099 

The  Wyoming  Cornet  Band 701 

Wyoming  Civic  League 702 

The  Fiftieth  Anniversary  of  Settlement 702 

Wyoming  and  the  Press 708 

The  Historic  Oak 710 

A  Reminiscence  713 

Roll  of  Co.  K 714 

Pioneer  Women  715 

Miss  Julia  McClure— A  Tribute 718 

Some  Wyoming  Doings  of  1874 718 

Hartson  Buckle  Attachment  Co 719 

Potter  Canning  Company 720 

Fraternal   Orders    720 

A.  F.  &  A.  M 720 

I.  O.  O.  F 721 

Mystic  Workers 721 

A.  O.  U.  W 721 

0.  i:.  S 721 

R.  N.  A 722 

M.  W.  A.  722 

Highland  Nobles  722 

C.  C.  C 723 

1.  L.  of  H 723 

K.  &  L.  of  G.  P 723 

Business  Roster,  1909 723 

Official  Roster,  Wyoming  725 

The  Town  of  Onslow 728 

Onslow  in  1872 729 

The  Onslow  Visitor  729 

The  Fire  Record  730 

The  Village  Incorporated  731 

Business  Roster,  1909  731 

The  Postofflce 732 

The  Onslow  Cheese  Factory   732 

The  Onslow  Savings  Bank 733 

The  Depot  733 

The  Onslow   School    734 

Onslow  Presbyterian  Church 736 

The  Catholic  Church  737 

The  Methodist  Church 737 

Onslow  Mutual  Telephone  Company 738 

The  Priscilla  Club 738 

Fraternal  Orders    7.^ 

I.  O.  O.  F 739 

Rebeccas J5? 

M.  W.  A l^ 

R.  N.  A l^ 

Mystic  Workers ]^ 

Am.   Patriots    l^ 

I.  L.  of  H 740 

Good  Templars |L^ 

Musical    Organizations    7^ 

Official  Roster,  Onslow   74U 

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•■  '\iY  C 

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The  first  white  settler  in  Jones  county  was  Hugh  Bowen  who  settled  in 
Richland  township  in  the  year  1836.  As  "all  roads  lead  to  Rome,"  so  all  roads 
to  the  spot  where  the  first  white  man  called  home,  will  lead  to  a  locality  south 
and  east  of  Bowen's  Prairie.  A  short  sketch  of  the  life  of  this  historic  man 
would  be  appropriate  in  these  pages,  but  the  records  are  unkind,  and  will  reveal 
but  little  of  the  career  of  Hugh  Bowen.  R.  J.  Cleaveland  in  his  "Reminiscences 
of  Rome/'  given  on  another  page  of  this  volume,  states  something  in  regard  to 
the  character  and  personality  of  the  man. 

Tradition  also  states  that  Jones  county  is  entitled  to  the  distinction  of  includ- 
ing the  territory  in  which  the  Black  Hawk  war  ended  in  1833.  The  *' Annals  of 
Iowa/'  however,  add  no  light  on  the  subject.  As  handed  down  to  the  present 
generation,  the  story  goes  that  the  Black  Hawk  Indians  were  pursued  by  the 
American  army,  of  which  Lieutenant  Jefferson  Davis  of  the  regular  army,  and 
Abraham  Lincoln,  an  officer  in  the  service  of  the  Illinois  militia,  were  m  com- 
mand. The  Indians  were  chased  to  the  banks  of  the  Maquoketa  river,  at  a  point 
on  the  southern  border  of  Richland  township,  called  Dale's  Ford.  Here  the 
Indians  took  their  stand.  The  river  was  high  and  the  current  swift.  While  oner 
half  of  the  Indian  warriors  took  their  stand  in  defence,  the  other  half  crossed  the 
raging  torrent  on  improvised  canoes,  and  these  in  turn,  maintained  a  defence 
while  the  others  crossed  the  stream.  When  all  had  crossed  the  river,  they  turned 
and  fled  through  the  brush  and  timber.  The  American  army,  not  caring  to 
plunge  their  horses  into  the  swift,  flowing  and  turbulent  waters,  and  believing 
the  Indians  were  too  exhausted  to  continue  their  depredations,  turned  back; 
and  the  Indians  were  not  heard  from  again.  This  military  strategy  on  the  part 
of  the  Indians,  as  g^ven  by  tradition  is  worthy  of  praise  and  of  being  written  in 


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story  and  in  song.  We  are  unable  to  find  any  authentic  record  of  this  traditional 
fact  of  history. 

Much  has  been  written  of  the  heroism  of  the  pioneers  of  Jones  county,  and 
of  the  wealth  of  character,  and  richness  of  possessions  that  has  descended  to 
posterity.  To  all  this  glory,  the  pioneer  who  has  blazed  the  way  to  the  civiliza- 
tion, settlement  and  enrichment  of  Jones  county,  is  fully  entitled.  The  men  and 
women  of  the  early  day,  from  the  viewpoint  of  this  age,  were  institutions  of 
greatness.  Through  them  the  hidden  resources  of  the  county  have  been  de- 
veloped, the  character  of  the  people  moulded,  and  life  and  living  made  to  shine 
with  a  bright  reality. 

Jones  county  will  compare  with  her  sister  counties  very  favorably.  In  the 
moral  tone  and  industrial  prosperity  of  its  inhabitants,  it  will  stand  second  to 
none  in  the  state.  Its  prosperous  homes  and  improved  farms,  speak  of  the  fer- 
tility of  its  soil  and  proclaim  the  culture  of  its  people ;  its  numerous  schools  and 
churches  tell  in  glowing  terms  of  the  attention  given  to  the  development  of  mind, 
and  the  strength  of  manhood  and  Christian  character. 


The  first  white  child  to  begin  life  in  Jones  county,  was  Miss  Rebecca  Merritt, 
who  was  born  about  two  miles  west  of  the  present  site  of  Olin,  January  5, 
1839.  This  promising  maiden  thrived  and  prospered  on  the  milk  and  honey 
which  flowed  in  the  promised  land  of  her  birth,  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen,  she 
became  the  bride  of  Joseph  Merritt,  her  cousin.  This  matrimonial  event  is 
shown  by  the  records  of  this  county  to  have  taken  place  in  March,  1853.  Mrs. 
Rebecca  Merritt  is  now  living  at  Sturgis,  South  Dakota. 

The  second  child  to  begin  life  in  Jones  county,  was  a  boy,  James  McLaughlin, 
a  son  of  James  and  Mary  McLaughlin.  This  historic  youth  was  born  on  what 
is  now  known  as  the  Lovell  farm,  in  section  2  of  Wayne  township,  on  May  31, 

1839.  Mr.  McLaughlin  is  yet  numbered  among  the  inhabitants  of  earth,  and 
resides  at  Russellville,  Kentucky. 

Miss  Mary  Moore,  the  first  child  of  William  and  Alvira  Neal  Moore,  stands 
third  in  the  baby  roll  of  honor  in  the  county.     Her  birth  dates  from  April  10, 

1840.  Richland  township  claims  the  honor  of  her  birth.  On  January  15,  1861, 
she  took  unto  herself  a  husband  in  the  person  of  Thomas  A.  King.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
King  reside  in  Jones  county,  and  have  the  oversight  of  the  welfare  of  the  county's 
unfortunate  poor  in  the  county  home. 

Child  number  four  was  Miss  Lucretia  Bowen,  a  niece  of  Hugh  Bowen.  She 
was  born  April  22,  1840.  Her  life  was  short,  and  when  about  two  years  of  age, 
she  was  carried  on  angeKs  wings  to  the  mansions  in  the  babyland  of  heaven. 

Infant  number  five  in  the  pioneer  roll,  was  John  D.  Sullivan,  a  son  of  John 
and  Margaret  Sullivan,  who  was  born  in  Richland  township,  October  29,  1840. 
This  baby  boy  grew  to  manhood  in  time  to  offer  his  services  in  behalf  of  his 
native  country,  and  entering  the  army  in  1864,  became  a  member  of  Company  C, 
Second  Iowa  Volunteer  Infantry.  Mr.  Sullivan  is  now  one  of  the  highly  respected 
residents  of  Cascade. 

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There  is  some  information  available  to  the  effect  that  Martha  Ann  Dickson 
is  entitled  to  have  her  name  enrolled  among  the  pioneer  infants  of  Jones  county 
as  having  begun  her  life  work  in  Richland  township  in  the  year  1839  or  early  in 
the  year  1840.    We  have  been  unable  to  substantiate  this  information. 

In  the  early  history  of  Monticello,  given  elsewhere  in  this  volume  from  the 
pen  of  M.  M.  Moulton,  reference  is  made  to  the  birth  of  twins  in  the  family  of 
Mr.  Richard  South  in  Richland  township  in  1839.  This  statement  is  not  in  har- 
mony with  our  investigations.  F.  M.  South,  now  living  in  Dubuque,  states  that 
he  was  the  boy  end  of  the  twin  relation,  and  that  his  twin  sister's  name  was 
Margaret,  and  that  they  were  born  January  3,  1842.  The  twin  sister,  Margaret, 
died  when  about  two  years  of  age.  Benjamin  South,  a  brother,  now  living  at 
Oelwein,  was  of  later  birth.  F.  M.  South  enlisted  in  the  Union  army  when  quite 
young  and  served  three  years  in  the  Civil  war. 


The  first  pipe  organ  in  the  county  was  at  the  German  Reformed  church  in 
Monticello,  in  1890. 

The  first  cheese  factory  was  the  Ross  Cheese  Factory  at  Bowen's  Prairie  in 

The  first  creamery  was  established  by  H.  D.  Sherman  at  Monticello  in  1875. 
A  creamery  was  also  started  by  James  L.  Hall  in  Clay  township  about  the  same 

The  first  permanent  settler  was  Hugh  Bowen  at  Bowen's  Prairie  in  1836. 

The  first  political  caucus  in  the  county  was  held  at  the  house  of  Oement 
Russell  for  the  purpose  of  nominating  territorial  county  officers.  This  was  on 
July  24,  1839. 

The  first  sheriff  was  Hugh  Bowen. 

The  first  court  was  at  Edinburg,  March  22,  1841. 

The  first  clerk  of  the  court  was  William  Hutton,  1841. 

The  first  recorder,  Qark  Joslin,  1841. 

The  first  treasurer,  W.  Cronkhite,  1866. 

The  first  auditor,  Charles  Kline,  1870. 

The  first  superintendent  of  schools,  B.  F.  Shaw,  i860. 

The  first  county  attorney,  F.  O.  Ellison,  January,  1887. 

The  first  tile  factory  was  by  John  Gibson,  Monticello,  April,  1879. 

First  lodge,  was  I.  O.  O.  F.,  No.  40,  Anamosa,  July  6,  1852. 

First  bank,  I.  L.  Simington,  Monticello,   1867. 

First  flag  raised  at  Olin,  July  4,  1840;  made  by  Mrs.  N.  Seeley. 

First  postoffice  at  Edinburg,  January,  1840. 

First  district  school.  Sugar  Grove,  1840,  taught  by  T.  Stivers. 

First  child  bom  was  Mrs.  Rebecca  Merritt,  daughter  of  Joseph  Merritt, 
about  two  miles  west  of  Olin,  January  5,  1839.    Now  living  at  Sturgis,  S.  Dakota. 

First  attorney  was  C.  C.  Rockwell,  Newport,  1846. 

First  physician.  Dr.  Clark  Joslin,   1838. 

First  license  for  grocery  and  tavern,  Clement  Russell,  Fairview. 

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First  license  for  selling  goods  to  Reuben  Bunce,  Fairview,  1841. 

First  saw  and  grist  mill  in  1838,  by  George  Walworth. 

First  newspaper,  The  Anamosa  News,  1852. 

Oldest  merchant  continuously  in  business,  Frank  Hoffman,  grocery,  Martelle ; 
since  1872. 

Teacher  with  longest  continuous  service,  Miss  Grace  Maple,  Onslow,  twenty 

First  general  election  at  house  of  Barrett  Whittemore,  September  11,  183& 
Eleven  votes  cast  for  delegate  to  legislative  assembly. 

First  delegate  to  territorial  legislature,  Barrett  Whittemore,  in  1838. 

First  representative  to  territorial  legislature,  George  H.  Walworth,  August, 

First  Catholic  Mission,  at  Anamosa,  1857. 

First  church  organized,  Scotch  Grove  Presbyterian,  at  Edinburg,  1841. 

Oldest  blacksmith  continuously  in  business  at  the  same  stand,  John  Cole, 
Onslow,  since  July  5,  1871. 

The  first  town  to  incorporate  was  Anamosa,  1856. 

The  first  marriage,  T.  J.  Peak  and  Rebecca  Beardsley,  December,  1839. 


Jones  county  is  in  the  heart  of  what  was  popularly  known  as  *'The  Black 
Hawk  Purchase."  Following  the  Black  Hawk  war  a  treaty  was  made  on  the 
2ist  of  September,  1832,  with  the  Sac  and  Fox  Indians,  by  the  terms  of  which 
there  was  ceded  to  the  United  States  Government  a  strip  of  territory  extending 
fifty  miles  westward  from  the  Mississippi  river.  This  territory  was  vacated  by 
the  Indians  and  thrown  open  to  settlement,  June  ist,  1833.  There  was  at  that 
time  no  organized  government,  but  by  an  act  of  congress  approved  June  28, 
1834,  the  area  of  the  state  of  Iowa  as  it  then  existed  for  the  purpose  of  tempor- 
ary government,  was  attached  to  and  made  a  part  of  the  territory  of  Michigan. 

The  legislative  council  of  Alichigan  passed  an  act  which  was  approved  Sep- 
tember 6,  1834,  laying  off  and  organizing  the  counties  west  of  the  Mississippi 
river.  This  act,  which  took  effect  October  i,  1834,  had  reference  to  the  terri- 
tory of  the  Black  Hawk  Purchase,  and  it  divided  that  territory  into  two  coun- 
ties, Dubuque  and  Demoine. 

About  that  time  Michigan  was  admitted  into  the  Union  as  a  state  and  by  an 
act  of  congress  approved  April  20,  1836,  the  area  of  the  present  state  of  Iowa, 
and  its  two  organized  counties,  was  included  in  the  jurisdiction  of  the  new 
territory  of  Wisconsin. 

At  the  second  annual  session  of  the  legislature  of  Wisconsin,  which  was 
held  at  Burlington,  in  the  county  of  Des  Moines,  a  law  was  passed  November 
6,  1837,  which  provided  for  the  sub-division  of  Dubuque  county  into  new 
counties.  The  new  counties  were  fourteen  in  number,  and  covered  not  only 
the  territory  of  the  Black  Hawk  Purchase,  but  they  even  reached  further  west  and 
embraced  Indian  land  that  had  not  yet  been  ceded  to  the  United  States. 

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The  fourteen  counties  created  by  this  act  in  the  order  in  which  they  were 
named  in  the  title  of  the  legislative  act  were,  Dubuque,  Clayton,  Jackson,  Benton, 
Linn,  Jones,  CHnton,  Johnson,  Scott,  Delaware,  Buchanan,  Cedar,  Fayette  and 
Keokuk.  Since  its  organization  there  has  been  no  change  in  the  boundary 
of  Jones  county.  It  remains  today  so  far  as  its  boimdary  lines  are  concerned, 
the  same  as  it  was  when  organized  by  the  act  of  November  6,  1837. 

This  act  gave  Jones  county  its  historic  setting  from  a  geographical  stand- 
point.    This  is  the  Jones  county  about  which  the  following  pages  are  written. 

Jones  county  was  named  in  honor  of  General  George  W.  Jones,  of  Dubuque, 
who  at  the  time  Dubuque  county  was  sub-divided,  represented  the  territory  of 
Wisconsin  in  Congress. 

Only  a  i)art  of  these  counties  were  organized  at  that  time.  Jackson  county 
was  equipped  with  an  organizing  sheriff  in  the  person  of  William  A.  Warren,  of 
Bellevue.  He  was  also  in  a  limited  sense,  made  the  sheriff  of  Jones  county  and 
Linn  county.  For  matters  of  court  jurisdiction,  Bellevue  was,  during  1838  and 
a  part  of  1839,  the  capital  of  Jones  and  Linn  counties.  An  election  precinct 
was  designated  in  each  of  these  and  the  report  of  votes  sent  to  Bellevue. 


The  Hrst  territorial  legislature,  after  the  separation  of  Iowa  from  Wisconsin, 
met  in  Uurlington,  November  12,  1838.  During  this  session,  the  county  of 
Jones  was  organized,  or  at  least  an  act  was  passed  with  this  end  in  view. 

The  act  passed  by  this  legislature  to  organize  the  county  was  as  follows : 

Section  i.  Be  if  enacted  by  the  council  and  house  of  representatives  of  the 
territory  of  Iowa,  That  the  county  of  Jones  be,  and  the  same  is  hereby,  organ- 
ized from  and  after  the  first  day  of  June  next,  and  the  inhabitants  of  the  said 
county  be  entitled  to  all  the  rights  and  privileges  to  which,  by  law,  the  inhabi- 
tants of  other  organized  counties  of  this  territory  are  entitled;  and  the  said 
county  shall  be  a  part  of  the  third  judicial  district,  and  the  district  court  shall 
be  held  at  the  seat  of  justice  in  said  county,  or  such  other  place  as  may  be  pro- 
vided until  the  seat  of  justice  is  established. 

Section  2.  That  Simeon  Gardner  of  Clinton  coimty;  Israel  Mitchell  of 
Linn  county,  and  William  H.  Whitesides  of  Dubuque  county,  be,  and  they  are 
hereby  appointed  commissioners  to  locate  the  seat  of  justice  in  said  county, 
and  shall  meet  at  the  house  of  Thomas  Denson  on  the  second  Monday  of 
March  next,  in  said  coimty,  and  shall  proceed  forthwith  to  examine  and  locate 
a  suitable  place  for  the  seat  of  justice  of  said  county,  having  particular  reference 
to  the  convenience  of  the  county  and  health  fulness  of  the  location. 

Section  3.  The  commissioners,  or  a  majority  of  them,  shall  within  ten 
days  after  their  meeting  at  the  aforesaid  place,  make  out  and  certify  to  the 
governor  of  this  territory,  under  their  hands  and  seals,  a  certificate  containing 
a  particular  description  of  the  location  selected  for  the  aforesaid  county  seat; 

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and,  on  receipt  of  such  certificate,  the  governor  shall  issue  his  proclamation 
affirming  and  declaring  the  said  location  to  be  the  seat  of  justice  of  said  county 
of  Jones. 

Section  6.  The  commissioners  aforesaid  shall  receive,  upon  making  out  their 
certificate  of  the  location  of  the  seat  of  justice  of  said  county,  each  three  dollars 
per  day,  and  also  three  dollars  for  every  twenty  miles  going  to  and  returning 
from  their  respective  homes. 

Section  7.  Upon  the  presentation  of  the  certificate  aforesaid  to  the  treas- 
urer of  Jones  county,  the  treasurer  is  hereby  authorized  and  required  to  pay 
the  respective  sums  allowed  by  this  act  out  of  any  moneys  in  the  treasury  not 
otherwise  appropriated. 

Approved  January  24,  1839. 

It  seems  that  these  men  failed  to  carry  out  the  provisions  of  this  act,  and 
we  find  the  county  seat  not  to  have  been  located  until  the  following  year,  or 
1840.  In  the  legislature  of  1839-40,  three  other  commissioners  were  appointed, 
as  follows:  Thomas  M.  Isett,  of  Muscatine  county;  John  G.  McDonald  of  Jackson 
county,  and  B.  F.  Moffitt  of  Delaware  county. 

These  commissioners  performed  the  duties  enjoined  upon  them  by  the  terri- 
torial legislature,  the  following  report  of  their  action  being  now  on  file  in  the 
clerk's  office  at  Anamosa: 


Jones  County,  Iowa,  April  22,  1840. 

We,  the  undersigned,  being  appointed  commissioners  to  locate  the  county  seat 
of  Jones  county  by  an  act  of  the  legislative  assembly  of  the  territory  of  Iowa, 
passed  at  their  second  session,  met  in  pursuance  of  said  act,  and  after  being 
sworn  according  to  law,  we  proceeded  to  discharge  the  duties  of  our  office  agree- 
able to  law,  and  after  viewing  the  situation  of  the  county,  we  came  to  the  con- 
clusion that  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  thirty-six,  township  85  north, 
range  3  west  of  the  fifth  principal  meridian,  was  the  best  location  that  could 
be  made  in  Jones  county,  and  we  called  it  by  the  name  of  Edinburgh. 

Jno.  G.   McDonald. 
T.  M.  Isett, 
B.  F.   Moffitt,  Commissioners. 

The  record  does  not  show  what  compensation  B.  F.  Moffit  received  for  this 
work.  John  G.  McDonald  received  thirty-six  dollars  and  T.  M.  Isett  received 
fifty-one  dollars.    Colonel  Thomas  Cox  of  Bellevue  was  the  surveyor. 


The  first  election  of  county  officers  took  place  in  the  fall  of  1839.  Of  the 
county  commissioners  elected  on  this  occasion,  only  two  appeared  at  the  recorded 
meetings  of  the  Board,  Thomas  Denson  and  Charles  P.  Hutton.     From  sources 

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outside  of  the  record,  it  has  been  determined  that  the  third  commissioner  was 
H.  G.  Seeley. 

William  Hutton  was  the  first  clerk  of  the  commissioners*  court.  Hugh  Bowen 
was  the  first  sheriff  of  Jones  county.    Clark  Joslin  was  the  first  recorder. 

There  were  three  polling  places  at  the  election  of  1839,  and  there  were  three 
election  precincts — Bowen's  Prairie,  Walnut  Fork  and  Farm  Creek.  The  judges 
of  the  election  of  1839  were  Orville  Cronkhite,  Eli  Brown,  I.  H.  Simpson,  Wil- 
liam Clark,  James  Hutton,  and  J.  C.  Raffety.  The  clerks  were  Thomas  S. 
Denson,  George  H.  Brown  and  D.  G.  Morgan. 

It  will  be  remembered  that  an  election  had  been  held  in  September,  1838,  or 
one  year  previous,  for  the  purpose  of  electing  representatives  to  the  Iowa  Legis- 
lature. This  election  was  in  the  cabin  of  Barrett  Whittemore.  Only  eleven  votes 
were  cast,  and  a  representative,  R.  G.  Roberts  was  elected  from  Cedar,  Jones, 
Johnson  and  Linn  counties. 


The  first  recorded  meeting  of  the  commissioner's  court  was  held  February  3, 
1840.  The  first  act  of  the  commissioners  was  to  appoint  Hugh  Bowen,  assessor, 
in  the  place  of  Daniel  Chaplin,  who  declined  to  serve. 

In  the  further  proceedings,  we  find  that  George  Meiford  presented  a  petition 
for  a  county  road.  It  was  also  ordered  that  the  regular  meetings  of  the  board 
should  be  held  thereafter  at  the  house  of  Donald  Sutherland  until  further 

It  was  at  this  meeting  also  that  the  county  commissioners  who  had  been 
appointed  by  act  of  the  legislature  to  locate  the  county  seat  made  their  report 
which  is  set  out  above,  locating  the  place  and  calling  it  Edinburgh. 

An  act  of  congress  provided  that,  as  each  new  county  was  organized,  the 
United  States  government  would  grant  to  the  county  commissioners  a  quarter 
section  of  land  on  which  the  county  seat  should  be  located.  Accordingly,  we 
find  from  the  book  of  Original  Entries,  that  on  June  20,  1840,  Thomas  S.  Denson 
and  Charles  P.  Hutton,  as  commissioners  of  Jones  county,  claimed  the  quarter 
section  above  mentioned,  being  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  36,  township  85 
north,  range  3  west  of  the  fifth  principal  meridian.  This  was  within  half  a  mile 
of  the  geographical  center  of  Jones  county  and  its  central  location  was  the  argu- 
ment which  secured  for  it  the  honor  of  being  the  first  seat  of  county  government. 
When  the  county  seat  was  moved  from  Edinburg  to  Newport,  no  change  was 
made  in  this  grant  of  land,  and  the  county  commissioners  retained  this  quarter 
section,  and  later  upon  this  land  the  county  poor  farm  was  established.  This 
same  land  has  remained  the  property  of  the  county  and  is  now  a  part  of  the  pres- 
ent county  farm. 

The  day  after  Edinburg  was  laid  out.  Colonel  Thomas  Cox,  at  the  solicitation 
of  J.  D.  Walworth,  came  to  the  present  location  of  Anamosa,  and  laid  out  a 
town  which  was  called  Dartmouth.  This  plat  was  never  recorded.  The  place 
did  not  grow  or  develop,  and  of  course  the  efforts  expended  to  plant  a  town, 
came  to  naught. 

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The  first  tax  was  made  July  6,  1840,  being  five  mills  on  the  dollar  of  taxable 
property  in  Jones  county,  and  a  poll  of  fifty  cents  upon  each  voter. 

We  find  that  on  November  5,  1840,  Clement  Russell  paid  into  the  county 
treasury  twenty-five  dollars  for  the  privilege  of  keeping  a  grocery.  To  those 
who  have  not  been  upon  the  border,  it  may  be  a  question  why  grocerymen  in  a 
new  country  should  be  so  heavily  taxed.  The  initiated  will  understand  that  a 
frontier  grocery  was  simply  a  saloon  of  the  lowest  character,  where  whisky  was 
the  only  article  on  sale,  and  which  could  be  obtained  at  a  reasonable  price,  in 
any  quantity  from  a  glassful  to  a  barrel. 

In  April,  1841.  we  find  six  dollars  appropriated  to  Donald  Sutherland  for 
rent  of  rooms  in  which  the  county  commissioners  had  held  meetings. 

Henry  Hopkins  was  the  first  counsel  and  prosecuting  attorney  and  for  his 
services,  he  was  allowed  thirty- four  dollars  at  the  meeting  of  the  board  in  March, 

October  3,  1842,  the  territorial  road  from  Dubuque  to  Marion,  was  approved 
on  that  portion  of  it  which  was  included  in  Jones  county.  James  Butler  and 
P.  Scott  were  the  commissioners  appointed  by  the  legislature  to  view  the  same. 

The  first  licensed  ferry  of  which  there  is  a  record,  was  granted  Adam  Over- 
acker,  across  the  Wapsipinicon  river  at  Newport.  This  license  was  for  the  con- 
sideration of  two  dollars,  continued  for  one  year  from  April  13,  1847.  ^  ^^o- 
horse  vehicle  was  charged  twenty-five  cents;  one  horse,  twelve  and  one-half 
cents ;  footman,  .six  and  one-quarter  cents. 

In  order  to  fund  the  increasing  floating  indebtedness,  and  to  maintain  the 
county  warrants  as  near  par  as  possible,  it  was  ordered,  October  7,  1850,  that 
the  clerk  of  the  commissioner's  court,  issue  bonds  of  the  county,  bearing  ten 
per  cent  interest,  due  in  five  years,  the  bonds  to  be  for  fifty  dollars  each,  and 
not  to  exceed  forty  in  number.  These  bonds  were  to  be  issued  to  any  one  who 
would  present  the  treasurer's  receipt  for  the  amount. 

In  1851-52,  various  state  roads  were  surveyed  and  platted,  among  which  were 
highways  from  Anamosa  to  Bellevue;  Anamosa  to  Gamavillo,  Clayton  county; 
Cascade,  by  way  of  Canton,  to  Maquoketa ;  Cascade  to  Garry  Owen ;  Denson's 
Ferry  to  the  house  of  Thomas  McNally,  in  Washington  township;  Anamosa 
to  the  Davenport  and  Marion  road ;  Anamosa  to  Camanche ;  Fairview  to  Tipton. 
Most  of  these  roads  are  yet  the  principal  roads  of  travel  through  the  county. 


At  a  meeting  of  the  county  commissioners,  July  6,  1840,  Jones  county  was 
divided  into  four  precincts  for  electoral  purposes,  as  follows : 

Walnut  Precinct,  comprising  townships  83  and  84,  in  ranges  i,  2,  and  3  west 
of  the  fifth  principal  meridian. 

Buflfalo  Fork  Precinct,  comprising  townships  83  and  84,  range  4  west. 

Bowen  Prairie  precinct,  comprising  congressional  township  86,  ranges  2,  3 
and  4.  and  township  85,  ranges  3  and  4. 

Farm  Creek  precinct,  comprising  townships  85  and  86,  range  i,  and  town- 
ship 85,  range  2. 

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The  civil  partition  of  Jones  county  in  1840,  might,  therefore,  be  represented 
as  follows: 





Ranges  IV, 




The  judges  of  elections  appointed  at*  the  time  of  organizing  the  precincts 
were:  |'|-i| 

For  Bowen  Prairie — ^William  Dalton,  William  Clark,  Charles  Johnson.  Elec- 
tion to  be  held  at  the  house  of  Joseph  E.  Green. 

For  Walnut — Moses  Garrison,  Isaac  H.  Simpson  and  O.  Cronkhite.  Election 
to  be  held  at  the  house  of  Norman  Seeley. 

For  Buffalo  Fork — ^John  G.  Joslin,  Dement  Russell  and  G.  H.  Ford.  Election 
to  be  held  at  the  house  of  Clement  Russell. 

For  Farm  Creek — ^Jacob  Peet,  Hezekiah  Winchell  and  John  E.  Lovejoy. 
Election  to  be  held  at  the  house  of  Abraham  Hostetter. . 

Bowen  Prairie  Precinct  was  made  Road  District  No.  I,  with  Franklin  Dalby, 
supervisor;  Buffalo,  No.  2,  with  Clark  Joslin,  supervisor;  Walnut,  No.  3,  with 
John  Merritt,  supervisor ;  Farm  Creek,  No.  4,  with  George  Mefford,  supervisor. 


At  the  meeting  of  the  county  commissioners*  court,  July  5,  1842,  it  was  re- 
solved to  organize  the  county  into  townships,  which  should  have  their  regular 

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township  officers  and  local  government.  The  precincts  were  accordingly  changed 
into  townships,  without  altering  their  boundaries. 

Rome  was  organized  as  a  township,  July  5,  1842,  with  the  same  boundaries 
as  Walnut  precinct,  given  above,  the  first  township  election  to  be  held  at  the 
residence  of  N.  B.  Seeley. 

Fairvtew  was  organized  as  a  township,  July  5,  1842,  with  the  same  boundaries 
as  Buffalo  Fork  precinct,  given  above. 

Washington  was  organized  as  a  township,  July  5,  1842,  with  the  same  boun- 
daries as  Farm  Creek  precinct,  given  above. 

Richland  was  organized  as  a  township  July  5,  1842,  with  the  same  boun- 
daries as  Bowen  Prairie  precinct,  given  above. 

From  this  arrangement  it  will  be  seen  that  Rome,  Fairview,  Washington  and 
Richland  were  the  four  original  townships  of  the  county,  and  out  of  these  have 
been  carved  the  townships  as  they  exist  today. 

Clay  was  organized  as  a  township  April  3,  1844,  including  what  is  now  known 
as  Wyoming,  that  part  of  the  present  township  of  Qay  which  is  south  of  the 
Maquoketa  river,  all  of  Scotch  Grove  township,  south  of  the  river,  and  a  strip 
about  one  mile  m  width  upon  the  eastern  border  of  Wayne  township,  extending 
north,  through  Monticello,  until  it  touched  the  river.  The  first  election  was  held 
at  the  house  of  John  Sutherland. 

MoNTiCEi.Lo  was  organized  as  a  township  June  10,  1847,  from  Richland  town- 
ship, and  included  all  of  that  township  south  of  the  Maquoketa  river,  being  most 
of  the  territory  now  occupied  by  Monticello,  Wayne,  Cass  and  Castle  Grove. 

Greenfield  was  organized  as  a  township  with  its  present  boundaries,  being 
separated  from  Fairview,  and  corresponding  to  congressional  township  83,  range  4. 

The  townships  now  know  as  Cass  and  Wayne  were  separated  from  Monti- 
cello and  attached  to  Fairview  April  21,  1848. 

Hale  was  organized  as  a  township  in  July,  1851,  and  included  the  present 
townships  of  Hale  and  Oxford,  which  were  on  that  date  separated  from  Rome. 
The  first  township  election  was  held  at  the  house  of  Joseph  Bumgamer. 

Jackson  was  organized  as  a  township  in  July,  185 1,  and  included  the  present 
townships  of  Madison  and  Jackson,  which  were  on  that  date  separated  from 
Rome.    The  first  township  election  was  held  at  the  house  of  Charles  Beam. 

Cass  was  separated  from  Fairview  and  organized  as  a  township,  with  its 
present  boundaries,  March  i,  1852.  The  first  election  was  held  at  the  house  of 
W.  J.  Beaks. 

Wyoming  was  separated  from  Clay  township  February  8,  1854,  and  organized, 
with  its  present  boundaries,  under  the  name  of  Pierce  township,  which  was  a 
couple  of  years  later,  changed  to  Wyoming.  The  first  election  was  at  the  house 
of  William  Stuart. 

Castle  Grove  was  separated  from  Monticello  and  organized  with  its  pres- 
ent boundaries,  January  i,  1855.  The  first  election  was  held  April  2,  1855,  at 
the  school  house  near  Mr.  Beardsley*s.  John  Scott,  Horace  Downer  and  Ezra 
C.  Springer  were  judges  of  election,  and  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  and  Albert  Highby 
were  the  clerks  of  election. 

On  January  i,  1855,  Monticello  township  was  extended  across  the  river  to 
the  northern  boundary  of  the  county,  corresponding  to  its  present   boundary, 

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ind  included  that  part  north  of  the  river  that  had  formerly  belonged  to  Richland 

M-\DisoN  township  was  organized,  with  its  present  boundaries,  January  i, 
1855.    The  first  election  was  held  April  2,  1855. 

Scotch  Grove  was  separated  from  Qay  and  organized  as  a  township,  with 
its  present  boundaries,  in  February,  1855.  The  first  election  was  held  at  the 
Scotch  Grove  schoolhouse,  April  2,  1855. 

Oxford  was  separated  from  Hale  township  and  organized  with  its  present 
boundaries,  in  March,  1855.  The  first  election  was  held  at  the  house  of  John 

Wayne  was  set  off  from  Fairview  township  and  organized  with  its  present 
boundaries,  March  5,  1856.  The  first  election  was  held  at  the  house  of  O.  G. 
Scrivens,  April  7,  1856. 

It  will  be  observed  that  the  last  township  was  not  formed  until  some  sixteen 
years  after  the  organization  of  the  county,  and  that  certain  districts  belonged, 
at  different  periods,  to  quite  a  number  of  different  townships.  Wayne  township, 
for  instance,  had  belonged  to  Richland,  Monticello  and  Fairview  previous  to  its 
organization  as  an  independent  township.  Greenfield,  Cass,  Wyoming,  Castle 
Grove,  Madison,  Scotch  Grove,  Oxford  and  Wayne  suffered  no  changes  in  their 
boundaries  after  organization  as  independent  townships.  Rome,  Fairview,  Wash- 
ington, Richland,  Qay,  Monticello  and  Hale  townships  arrived  at  their  present 
boundaries  by  a  process  of  elimination  or  whittling  off,  until  each  had  just  what 
territory  '^vas  left  and  the  adjoining  townships  had  received  all  the  territory  they 
were  to  have.  Each  township  now  corresponds  to  the  congressional  numbering 
with  the  township  north  and  range  west,  rendering  the  political  geography  of  the 
county  as  simple  as  a  chess  board. 

Lovell  township  was  organized  as  a  separate  township  about  January,  1898, 
with  the  same  boundaries  as  Monticello  township,  the  latter  being  included  within 
Lovell  township,  the  corporation  of  Monticello  being  declared  a  separate  town- 
ship and  called  Monticello  township. 

By  E.  E.  Reed. 

(The  following  interesting  chapter  on  the  general  surface  conditions  existing 
in  Jones  county,  written  by  Ervin  E.  Reed,  of  Monticello,  will  be  a  valuable  ad- 
dition to  the  History  of  Jones  County,  and  will  be  fully  appreciated  by  all  stu- 
dents of  natural  science.  Mr.  Reed  has  a  natural  and  gifted  aptitude  for  the 
study  of  the  geological  and  soil  formations  of  Mother  Earth,  and  the  study  of 
the  physical  geography  of  a  country  is  to  him  a  pleasure  and  a  delight.  The 
phenomena  existing  in  Jones  county,  which  Mr.  Reed  very  pointedly  describes 
with  reference  to  the  origin  and  course  of  the  streams  and  rivers,  should  be 

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noticed.  To  the  mind  untutored  in  the  love  and  study  of  the  natural  sciences, 
this  contribution  will  not  have  the  interest  it  will  have  to  the  more  educated 
mind,  schooled  in  the  study  of  Mother  Earth  and  her  composition. — Editor.) 

Jones  county  offers  an  interesting-  study  to  the  student  of  nature  who  would 
read  the  story  of  the  creation  in  the  formation  of  the  rocks  and  soils,  and  in  the 
conformation  of  the  hills,  valleys  and  prairies.  To  the  unscientific  man  the 
county  offers  a  prospect  of  beautiful,  productive  prairies,  and  graceful  rounded 
and  gently  rolling  timberlands.  To  the  scientific  mind,  the  topography  of  the 
county  presents  characteristics  that  are  astonishing  and  suggest  problems  that 
are  confounding  and  perplexing.  To  the  artist,  the  landscapes  of  the  county  are 
the  rivals  in  beauty  of  the  creations  of  his  liveliest  imagination.  To  the  prac- 
tical man  of  affairs,  the  soils  of  the  county  give  abounding  promise  of  assured 
harvests  and  ample  reward  for  all  the  labor  employed  in  agriculture,  while  the 
forests  of  hardwood  trees  furnish  fuel  and  lumber  in  abundance.  All  parts  of  the 
county  are  capable  of  producing  material  wealth  to  reward  the  earnest  toiler 
whose  faith  and  intelligent  labor  merit  reward. 

The  area  of  Jones  county  is  nearly  equally  divided  between  the  prairie  lands, 
and  the  wooded  lands  or  "timber  lands"  as  they  are  here  locally  called.  The 
prairie  land  was  found  by  the  early  settler  to  be  destitute  of  trees,  save  a  few 
scattered  crab-apple  or  plum  trees  on  the  rolling  "uplands,"  and  willows  in  iso- 
lated groups  in  the  marshy  sloughs  The  rolling  "uplands"  were  covered  with 
a  thick  carpet  of  wild  grass,  but  it  supported  no  trees  save  the  occasional  wild 
fruit  tree,  and  no  bush  save  the  scattered  berry  bushes,  and  no  herbacious  shrub 
save  the  red-rooted  prairie  tea,  well  known  to  the  pioneer  who  broke  the  prairie 
sod.  The  prairie  soil  is  rich  and  productive,  and  the  ease  with  which  it  could  be 
brought  under  cultivation  and  the  rich  returns  it  gives  in  harvests,  invited  the 
pioneer  to  make  his  home  there.  Thus  we  find  that  the  first  settlements  were 
made  on  the  "upland"  rolling  prairie. 

The  sloughs  or  level  ill-drained  marshes  were  more  obstinate  and  resisted  the 
approach  of  the  settler.  Long  grass  and  rushes  covered  the  slough,  which  was 
reeking  with  water  lying  beneath  the  wealth  of  grassy  growth.  No  animal  found 
a  home  in  the  slough  excepting  the  cray-fish  and  the  muskrat.  The  former 
built  circular  chimneys  of  mud  around  the  openings  of  their  subterranean  homes, 
and  the  latter  built  his  dome-like  mud  houses  in  the  sluggish  waters.  The 
muskrat  has  now  disappeared  and  the  cray-fish  has  been  banished  to  a  few  wet 
road  sides,  but  the  rounded  tussacks  which  mark  the  sites  of  former  chimneys 
and  mud  dome-Hke  houses  are  found  in  many  pasture  fields  that  have  been  re- 
claimed from  the  former  sloughs.  The  sloughs  have  yielded  to  the  dominion  of 
man,  and  the  tall  grasses  and  rushes  have  disappeared.  The  waters  have  found 
their  way  to  the  streams,  and  now  com  fields  and  meadows  are  found  where  the 
pioneer  found  impassable  morasses. 

The  timber  lands  presented  a  harder  problem  to  the  settler.  The  labor  and 
patience  necessary  to  clear  the  soil  of  the  trees,  bushes  and  roots,  rendered  the 
task  of  making  farms  there  an  unprofitable  one.  When  prairie  lands  could  be 
purchased  as  cheaply  as  they  could  in  the  early  history  of  the  county,  there  was 
no  inducement  to  the  farmer  to  clear  the  timber  soil  of  the  growth  of  trees,  or 
remove  from  the  soil  the  great  stumps  and  roots  of  the  hardwood  forests.    But 

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with  the  advance  m  the  price  of  prairie  lands,  the  timber  lands  have  been  in- 
vaded by  the  farmer,  and  are  now  fast  yielding  to  the  plow. 

Jones  county  is  located  in  that  part  of  the  country  which  geologists  assert 
was  raised  above  the  cosmic  waters  during  the  Silurian  Epoch,  and  during  the 
Niagara  age  of  that  eon  of  geologic  time.  The  rocks  exposed  here  are  of  lime- 
stone, the  older  ones  being  unseamed  and  unstratified  rock  masses,  examples  of 
which  are  found  in  the  rocky  promontories  and  bluffs  bordering  the  principal 
streams.  The  newer  formations  are  regularly  stratified  and  evenly  deposited, 
as  are  the  rocks  found  in  the  quarries  at  Stone  City  and  elsewhere  in  the 
county.  The  irregular  rock  masses  of  the  older  formation,  called  domolite,  fur- 
nishes good  stone  for  the  burning  of  lime,  and  in  various  parts  of  the  county  a 
good  grade  of  lime  has  been  produced.  At  present  the  cost  of  fuel  makes  the 
burning  of  lime  unprofitable  and  none  is  now  produced  within  the  county.  The 
domolite  is  the  kind  of  stone  in  which  galena  or  lead  ore  is  found,  and  the  pros- 
pectors have  repeatedly  looked  for  this  metal  in  the  ledges  of  the  bluffs  within 
the  county.  Small  quantities  of  lead  have  been  found,  but  never  has  there  been 
a  lead  mine  here  opened  that  has  rewarded  the  prospector  for  his  labor.  The 
stratified  rocks  of  the  quarries  furnish  a  high  grade  of  building  stone  capable 
of  being  easily  dressed  into  desirable  shapes. 

By  far  the  most  important  resource  of  the  county  is  its  soils,  and  they  have 
been  deposited  at  some  far  later  period  of  time  after  the  Silurian  Epoch  had 
passed.  The  rich  blackish  loam  that  furnishes  a  favorable  seed-bed  for  the 
grains  and  grasses  that  have  brought  wealth  to  the  county,  is  not  the  direct 
product  of  any  cosmic  action.  No  flood  deposited  this  rich  mantle  on  the  underly- 
ing clays.  No  glacial  ice  carried  it  from  the  north.  No  volcano  belched  it  forth 
from  the  earth's  center.  No  winds  scattered  it  over  the  hills  and  prairies.  The 
loams  and  soils  are  the  products  of  many  agents  acting  upon  the  rocks  and  clays 
that  form  the  subsoils.  Industrious  ants  and  burrowing  animals,  and  the  blind 
earth  worms  have  carried  upward  to  the  surface  the  finer  grains  found  among 
the  underlying  clays  and  subsoils.  These  little  agents'  work  have  been  sup- 
plemented by  action  of  the  rains  and  frosts,  and  the  active  processes  of  animal 
and  vegetable  growth  and  decay.  These  agencies,  acting  through  the  thousands 
of  years,  which  must  have  elapsed  since  the  glacial  ice,  deposited  its  successive 
mantles  of  clay  over  this  country,  and  have  produced  a  soil  or  loam  of  exceed- 
ingly great  fertility  and  productiveness. 

Beneath  the  blackish  soils,  there  is  found  a  nearly  continuous  sheet  of  yel- 
lowish clay  varying  in  thickness  from  nothing  on  the  rocky  promontories,  to 
ten  or  twenty  feet.  Beneath  the  yellow  clay  is  found  a  similar  layer  of  bluish 
clay.  Between  the  layers  of  clay  is  found  an  incontinuous  layer  of  blackish  soil, 
in  which  are  found  embedded  the  trunks  and  branches  of  giant  trees,  represent- 
ing an  interglacial  forest.  In  many  railroad  cuttings,  and  road  grading,  and 
in  many  wells,  there  are  found  the  remains  of  ancient  trees  which  represent  a 
forest  growth  of  a  degree  of  luxuriance  unknown  at  the  present  time. 

The  scientist  explains  the  presence  of  the  clay  deposits  by  calling  to  his  aid 
vast  continental  fields  of  glacial  ice  which  inundated  this  country  at  repeated 
Intervals  since  the  country  was  first  raised  above  the  waters.  The  first  of  these 
ice  sheets  appears  to  have  rested  on  the  surface  of  this  part  of  the  country  heavily 

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enough  to  scrape  off  all  soils  and  forest  growths  it  may  have  found  here,  but  it 
did  not  rest  on  the  surface  heavily  enough  to  plane  down  the  hills  or  carve  the 
indurated  rocks  which  pierce  the  soils. 

When  the  ice  sheet  melted,  it  dropped  in  a  fairly  uniform  layer,  a  bluish  clay 
in  which  we  find  large  quantities  of  small  rounded  greenstone  pebbles.  When 
the  first  ice  sheet  that  covered  this  part  of  the  country,  which  scientists  call  the 
Kansan  ice,  receded,  it  left  its  deposit  in  the  form  of  the  blue  clay  described. 
This  deposit  scientists  call  the  Kansan  drift. 

Long  eons  of  time  must  have  elapsed  after  the  Kansan  ice  receded  before 
another  continental  ice  sheet  submerged  the  country.  During  the  unnumbered 
years  of  the  cycles  following  the  deposit  of  the  Kansan  drift  rank  forests  of 
giant  conifers  sprang  up,  and  what  is  now  Jones  county  presented  in  those  far- 
oflf  periods  of  time,  the  dark  and  impenetrable  depths  of  an  evergreen  and 
cone-bearing  forest.  When  this  forest  was  at  its  height,  a  second  ice  sheet, 
known  as  the  lowan  ice,  swept  southward,  leveling  it  to  the  ground,  and  breaking 
and  crushing  the  giant  trunks.  The  lowan  ice  drifted  and  floated  over  this  part 
of  the  country  in  such  a  manner  as  not  to  disturb  in  any  great  degree  the  soB 
accumulations  of  the  forest  growing  times,  and  there  is  now  discovered  beneath 
the  yellowish  clay  of  the  lowan  drift  and  above  the  blue  clay  of  the  Kansan 
drift,  the  remains  of  the  inter-glacial  soils,  and  the  broken  trunks  and  branches 
of  pine  and  cedar  trees  embedded  in  the  deposit  and  preserved  throughout  the 
ages  that  have  elapsed  since  they  saw  the  light  of  the  sun.  The  lowan  ice  melted 
and  deposited  over  the  country  a  fine  clayey  silt,  here  almost  universally  found 
as  the  yellow  subsoil  underlying  the  blackish  loams  of  the  prairies.  Flinty  pebMes 
are  found  through  the  lowan  drift ;  and  over  the  drift-covered  prairie  lands  are 
found  granite  boulders,  smoothed  and  rounded  by  the  action  of  ice  and  water. 
In  some  localities,  the  lowan  drift  is  very  thin  and  imperceptible,  as  on  the 
flat  plains  near  Monticello  and  Martelle.  There  the  blue  clay  of  the  Kansan  drift 
approaches  the  surface  and  is  the  subsoil  found  beneath  the  loam. 

There  is  a  cap-like  deposit  on  all  the  hilltops  and  high  rolling  lands  of  the 
county  diflfering  in  a  material  degree  from  drift  deposits  of  the  prairies.  A 
yellowish  clay  of  exceedingly  fine  texture  is  found  on  all  the  rounded  tops  of 
the  hills  scattered  over  the  level  prairie  and  on  all  the  upland  surfaces  of  the 
timber  lands.  This  exceedingly  finely  pulverized  silt  deposit  varies  in  thickness 
from  a  slight  trace  where  its  edges  mingle  with  the  clays  of  the  prairie  to  two 
or  even  three  score  feet  on  the  brows  of  the  forest  covered  hills.  This  yellowish 
clayey  deposit  is  found  capping  all  the  higher  hills  and  promontories  of  the 
county,  and  wherever  it  exists  over  any  considerable  area,  the  hardwood  timber 
trees  are  found  growing  indigenously.  No  boulders  or  flint  pebbles  are  ever 
found  in  this  deposit  as  they  are  in  the  drift  clays.  The  same  deposits  are 
found  in  the  rich  and  productive  valleys  of  the  Rhine  and  the  Danube  in  Eu- 
rope, on  the  banks  of  the  Amazon  in  South  America,  and  along  the  fertile  valley 
of  the  Hoang  Ho  in  Asia.  The  deposits  of  this  nature  were  first  noticed  along 
the  productive  hillsides  of  the  German  Rhine,  and  the  German  name  of  "Loess** 
has  been  applied  to  like  deposits  wherever  found. 

The  loess  is  usually  found  filling  the  valleys  and  low  plains,  but  in  eastern 
Iowa,  the  loess  is  placed  only  on  the  highest  points  of  land,  and  there  it  is  found 

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forming  a  cap  over  the  boulder-dotted  clay  of  the  lowan  drift.  The  formation 
of  the  loess  has  been  attributed  to  the  action  of  the  glacial  waters,  and  this  ex- 
planation has  been  accepted  as  stating  the  reason  for  its  appearance  in  the  great 
valleys  of  the  rivers  mentioned,  but  this  explanation  will  not  account  for  the  clay 
caps  that  cover  the  hills  of  the  upper  Mississippi  valley  and  those  found  within 
Jones  county.  This  coimty,  together  with  its  neighbors,  here  presents  a  scientific 
riddle  which  has  never  been  satisfactorily  solved. 

The  loams,  which  the  patient  activities  of  centuries  have  produced  over  the 
surface  of  the  drift  deposits,  are  rich  in  plant  food  and  are  arranged  physically 
so  as  to  offer  peculiar  advantages  for  easy  cultivation.  The  farms  of  the  county 
where  wealth  is  being  produced  most  rapidly  and  with  the  least  labor,  are  located 
on  the  ancient  drift  plains. 

The  loess  soils  are  found  covering  the  timber  lands  and  occupy  fully  one- 
half  of  the  county.  Where  the  surface  slopes  are  comparatively  gentle,  there  are 
no  better  soils  than  those  developed  on  the  loess.  It  is  a  fine  calcarious  clay, 
free  from  sand  on  the  one  hand  and  pebbles  and  boulders  on  the  other.  It  ab- 
sorbs and  retains  moisture  well.  The  roots  of  plants  easily  penetrate  it  to  a 
great  depth.  And,  where  the  surface  is  relatively  level,  a  fine,  fertile,  brownish, 
easily  tilled  soil  develops.  On  the  steeper  slopes,  the  loess  erodes  easilv  and 
v^etable  loam  is  washed  away  as  fast  as  it  forms,  and  a  hard,  stiff,  intractable 
soil  results  owing  to  the  fresh  loess  being  continually  exposed  on  the  surface 
which  the  mellowing  agendes  have  not  modified  or  changed  into  loam.  Fortu- 
nately, the  area  where  soils  of  the  quality  last  described  are  small,  and  the  greater 
portion  of  what  is  called  timber  land  is  capable  of  producing  abundant  returns 
to  the  farmer  and  stock  raiser  who  intelligently  uses  the  soil.  With  the  rapid 
advance  of  land  values,  the  timber  lands  have  attracted  the  attention  of  the 
farmer  and  stockman,  and  now  large  areas  that  were  formerly  covered  with 
timber  have  been  brought  under  the  plow,  and  are  producing  generous  harvests, 
and  are  abundantly  repaying  the  industry  and  patience  that  transformed  them 
from  a  wilderness  into  valuable  farm  lands. 

To  the  student  of  nature,  the  conformation  of  the  surface  of  Jones  county 
presents  many  astonishing  features,  some  of  which  have  puzzled  the  scientific 
mind  from  the  beginning  of  geologic  study  and  are  yet  classed  as  unsolved 
problems.  To  one  who  is  used  to  seeing  the  rivers  rise  as  small  mountain  or  hill 
streams,  and  rush  down  their  rapid  descent,  into  slow  moving  rivers  in  broad 
valleys,  it  is  astonishing  to  find  that  all  this  is  reversed  here,  and  in  this  one 
part  of  all  the  world,  there  exists  an  anomalous  drainage  system,  the  like  of 
which  cannot  be  found  in  any  other  part  of  the  world.  In  this  region  the  rivers 
run  in  gigantic  channels  cut  in  the  axis  of  the  highest  ridges  of  the  country. 
The  streams  all  have  their  origin  in  low-lying,  ill-drained  sloughs.  The  streams 
here  appear  to  defy  the  laws  of  gravitation  and  flow  from  the  low  valleys  directly 
towards  the  high  lands,  and  find  their  beds  in  deep  gorges  cut  lengthwise  in  the 
highest  ranges  of  hills  and  highlands  of  the  country. 

We  here  find  that  the  secondary  streams  run  in  channels  of  constantly  in- 
creasing depth  as  they  near  the  principal  streams,  until,  as  they  empty  into  the 
main  streams,  they  run  between  high  limestone  bluffs  and  forest-crowned  hills. 
Throughout  the  county,  and  in  fact  throughout  their  courses,  the  principal  streams 

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run  in  narrow  ribbons  of  flood  plains  embosomed  between  precipitous,  weather- 
beaten  cliffs  or  bluffs,  and  high,  loess-covered  and  steeply  rounded  hills.  The 
divides  are  the  rational  valleys  and  lie  lower  than  the  hilltops  bordering  the 

The  north  fork  of  the  Maquoketa  River  rises  in  the  northern  part  of  Dubuque 
county,  within  a  few  miles  of  the  Mississippi  River  and  within  sight  of  the  bluffs 
bordering  that  stream,  and,  flowing  away  from  the  main  stream  into  which  it  must 
finally  empty  its  waters,  it  runs  down  its  rocky,  water-worn  gorge  on  the  line 
between  Dubuque  and  Delaware  counties,  and  enters  Jones  county  at  Cascade, 
where  it  runs  for  a  short  distance  through  a  comparatively  level  plain  and  falls 
over  the  perpendicular  ledge  of  the  underlying  rock-bed  and  enters  a  rocky 
gorge  again.  The  depth  of  the  gorge  increases  below  Cascade  until  the  border- 
ing hills  attain  a  height  of  over  two  hundred  and  fifty  feet  above  the  water, 
measured  at  a  distance  of  a  half  va  mile  from  the  water's  edge.  Throughout  its 
course  in  this  county,  and  until  it  unites  its  waters  with  the  south  fork  or  main 
branch  of  the  Maquoketa  River,  near  the  city  in  Jackson  county  which  takes  its 
name  from  these  streams,  the  north  fork  buries  itself  deeper  and  deeper  among  the 
overhanging  bluffs  and  forest-clad  hills.  Secondary  valleys  branch  from  the 
main  gorge  at  frequent  intervals.  These  are  also  bluff  bordered  for  a  distance 
varying  from  a  few  rods  to  a  mile  or  more  from  the  juncture  with  the  river's 
channel.  Down  such  a  secondary  channel  the  White  Water  Creek  on  the  east 
side  and  other  streams  too  small  to  receive  even  a  local  name,  send  their  waters 
into  the  north  fork.  By  far  the  greater  number  of  the  secondary  gorges  are 
dry  excepting  for  short  times  after  the  periodical  summer  rains  or  during  the 
time  of  the  melting  of  the  winter  snows.  The  occasional  streams  of  water  that 
find  their  ways  down  these  secondary  gorges  are  often  raging  torrents,  rolling 
detached  rock  masses  towards  the  river,  and  often  cutting  deep  channels  at  the 
bottom  of  the  canyons  in  which  they  find  their  beds. 

By  far  the  greater  number  of  secondary  gorges  are  steep  sided  and  narrow 
ravines,  V-shaped  at  the  upper  ends  and  widening  out  and  becoming  bluff  bounded 
and  flat  bottomed  or  U-shaped  at  their  lower  ends.  These  gorges  and  canyons 
are  deep  and  forest  covered  and  the  sunlight  never  enters  many  of  them.  The 
slopes  are  wooded  with  a  dense  growth  of  deciduous  trees  and  densely  covered 
with  an  undergrowth  of  ferns  and  bushes. 

The  south  fork  of  the  Maquoketa  is  the  second  largest  stream  of  the  county 
and  drains  more  of  the  surface  than  all  other  streams  together.  The  Jordon  and 
Farm  creeks  on  the  north  take  the  waters  of  Richland  and  Washington  townships 
from  within  a  short  distance  of  the  north  fork,  and  Deer  Creek,  Kitty  Creek, 
Mineral  Creek  and  Bear  Creek  encroach  upon  the  rightful  territory  of  the  Buffalo 
and  Wapsipinicon  rivers.  Bear  Creek  runs  for  a  distance  of  twenty  miles  in  a 
course  parallel  to  the  latter  stream  and  within  two  to  six  miles  of  that  stream, 
flowing  for  many  miles  on  the  Wopsipinicon  side  of  te  rounded  loess-covered 
.ind  forested  hills  of  the  divide  which  forms  the  highest  land  between  the  streams, 
then  flowing  through  that  divide  on  the  south  and  east  of  Wyoming,  it  empties  its 
waters  into  the  Maquoketa  which  flows  north  of  that  natural  divide.  The  south 
fork  rises  in  flat  sloughs  of  northwestern  Delaware  county  one  hundred  and  four 
miles  from  the  point  where  it  empties  into  the  Mississippi.    It  enters  this  county 

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at  the  northwest  corner  of  Lovell  township.  Above  Monticello  the  narrow  gorge- 
like valley  widens  out  into  an  alluvial  plain.  Here  the  river  appears  to  desert  the 
high  hills  and  it  flows  for  a  few  miles  through  one  of  the  three  small  alluvial 
plains  of  the  county.  Below  Monticello,  as  if  frightened  at  the  unusually  flat 
landscape,  the  river  again  seeks  the  higher  lands  and  flows  throughout  its  course 
in  this  county  through  a  canyon  that  repeats  in  its  general  characteristics  that  of 
the  north  fork. 

The  Wapsipinicon  or  '*Wapsi"  as  it  is  here  called  is  the  largest  river  of  the 
county,  but  although  it  flows  across  the  county  from  the  northwest  comer  of 
Cass  township  to  the  southeast  corner  of  the  county,  and  although  it  receives  the 
waters  of  the  Buffalo,  which  is  the  largest  tributary  entering  any  of  the  rivers  of 
the  county,  it  drains  a  very  small  portion  of  the  area  of  the  county.  The  waters 
of  the  Buffalo  join  the  waters  of  the  Wapsipinicon  after  they  flow  but  a  short 
distance  in  the  county,  and  no  other  stream  of  such  importance  as  to  receive  a 
local  name  drains  into  that  stream  on  the  north.  Walnut  Creek  gathers  the 
waters  from  the  territory  on  the  south.  The  sluggish  waters  lying  on  the  level, 
low  divide  between  the  Wapsipinicon  and  the  Cedar  rivers  form  sloughs  and 
ponds  in  their  hesitancy  in  determining  which  way  to  flow,  and  finally  avoiding  the 
former  stream  but  a  few  miles  to  the  north,  they  flow  towards  the  Cedar  River. 
Thus  we  find  that  a  part  of  Greenfield  township,  which  lies  but  a  short  distance 
from  the  Wapsipinicon,  flow  directly  away  from  that  stream  towards  the  Cedar 
many  miles  farther  away.  The  deep  gorge  and  hill  bordered  banks  of  the  Wap- 
sipinicon and  Buffalo  have  the  same  general  characteristics  as  those  of  the 
Maquoketa.  Above  Stone  City,  the  Wapsipinicon  flows  through  its  narrow, 
rocky  gorge  with  a  narrow  ribbon  of  alluvial  flood  plain  bordering  each  bank  at 
the  foot  of  the  canyon  walls.  At  Stone  City,  the  rocky  bluffs  converge,  and  the 
river  occupies  nearly  all  its  narrow  ribbon  of  bottom  land.  Below  Anamosa  the 
flood  plain  expands  and  at  Newport  it  attains  the  width  of  a  mile.  The  canyon 
disappears  and  the  river  flows  for  a  few  miles  through  the  second  alluvial  plain 
of  the  county.  Below  Olin,  the  canyon  walls  rise  again  and  repeat  on  a  lesser 
scale  the  rugged  scenery  of  the  upper  course.  Again  in  Oxford  township,  the 
flood  expands  to  a  mile  or  more  in  width,  and  Oxford  Junction  and  Oxford  Mills 
stand  in  the  midst  of  the  third  alluvial  plain  found  in  this  county. 

The  low  divides  lying  between  the  high  hills  bordering  the  streams  are  in 
many  cases  lower  than  the  rounded  and  gently  curved  tops  of  those  hills.  The 
plain  near  Martelle,  which  divides  the  waters  of  the  Wapsipinicon  and  Cedar 
rivers  is  lower  than  the  hills  along  the  banks  of  those  streams,  and  the  water,  as 
it  flows  from  this  paradoxical  divide  into  the  rivers  which  cleave  the  axis  of  the 
highest  ridge,  flow  in  constantly  deepening  channels  until  they  empty  into  those 
rivers  between  walls,  approximating  in  character  the  gorges  of  those  streams. 

Southwest  of  Monticello  are  found  low-lying  ridges  which  diversify  the  drift 
plain  all  the  way  to  the  banks  of  the  Buffalo  River.  Midway  between  Monticello 
and  Anamosa,  the  drift  plain  forming  the  divide,  which  is  at  once  a  basin  and  the 
watershed  that  divides  the  waters  to  the  right  and  to  the  left,  is  bounded  on  the 
north  and  on  the  south  by  forest  covered  hills  from  twenty-five  to  more  than  one 
hundred  feet  higher  than  the  plain  which  separates  the  water  of  the  drainage 

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This  botton  land  divide  is  diversified  by  isolated,  graceiuUy  curved,  elongated 
hills,  like  gigantic  canoes  lying  inverted  on  the  sea  of  prairie.  True  to  its  char- 
acter of  paradoxies,  this  anomalous  plain  ceases  to  be  the  principal  divide  near 
Onslow,  and  the  Maqnoketa  sends  a  tributary,  locally  known  as  Bear  Creek,  down 
the  general  slope  to  within  two  miles  of  the  Wapsipinicon,  and  robs  that  stream 
of  much  of  its  drainage  territory,  and  reduces  the  principal  divide  to  a  line  of 
hills  near  the  bank  of  that  stream. 

The  divide  between  the  two  forks  of  the  Maquoketa  River  is  represented  by 
the  level  region  known  as  Bowen's  Prairie,  which  lies  on  a  lower  plain  than  the 
hilltops  along  the  banks  of  those  streams.  The  country  here  presents  anomalous 
formations  of  topography  and  deposits  of  soil  found  nowhere  else  in  the  worlds 
It  is  a  land  of  "upside-down."  The  rivers  all  rise  in  the  lowlands  and  flow 
towards  the  highlands,  where  they  occupy  gorges  between  high  hills  whose  tops 
are  higher  than  the  sloughs  from  which  they  drain  their  waters.  The  loess, 
which  is  elsewhere  deposited  in  the  valleys,  is  here  perched  on  the  highest  points 
of  the  hills,  spreading  out  and  down  with  lessening  depth  until  it  disappears  en- 
tirely before  it  reaches  the  valleys.  These  paradoxies  mark  this  land  as  one 
unique  among  the  countries  of  the  world,  and  perplexing  to  the  student  who  is 
unable  to  explain  the  conditions  here  found.  We  leave  these  contradictions  of 
nature  unsolved  as  we  found  them,  a  problem  that  can  be  studied  with  profit  by 
the  student  of  nature. 


On  Sunday,  June  3,  i860,  a  most  terrible  tornado  passed  over  Linn,  a  por- 
tion of  Jones,  Clinton  and  other  counties  of  Iowa  and  Illinois,  resulting  in 
serious  loss  of  life.  It  was  the  most  disastrous  windstorm  in  the  history  of  the 
county.  Greenfield  and  Rome  townships  were  in  the  path  of  the  whirlwind,  in 
Jones  county,  where  nine  persons  met  their  death. 

The  following  account  of  the  casualties  was  given  in  The  Anamosa  Eureka : 

"W.  Allen's  family,  living  in  the  house  of  William  RoWnson,  were  killed, 
and  the  house  blown  to  atoms.  The  family  consisted  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Allen, 
one  boy,  seven  years  old,  and  two  little  girls,  aged  five  and  two  years.  John 
Niles  of  Cedar  Rapids,  had  stopped  at  Allen's  house  a  short  time  before  the 
storm,  and  was  also  killed.  Mr.  Allen  and  Mr.  Niles  were  alive  when  found,  but 
died  shortly  after.  The  others  were  instantly  killed  and  horribly  mangled.  Mr. 
Allen  was  found  about  five  rods  north  from  where  the  house  stood.  Mrs.  Allen- 
lay  twenty-five  rods  to  the  southwest ;  one  girl  thirty-three  rods  southwest,  and 
the  other  sixty-five  rods  to  the  southeast ;  the  boy  was  about  forty  rods  distant 
fiom  the  house  in  the  same  direction.  One  of  the  sills  of  the  house,  sixteen  feet 
long  and  eight  by  ten  inches,  was  found  about  thirty  rods  west,  buried  thirteen 
feet  deep  in  the  soil  of  the  prairie. 

"Here  the  storm  was  most  destructive.  The  ground  was  literally  plowed  up, 
covered  with  rails,  stakes,  etc.,  standing  upright,  some  of  them  buried  half  their 
length  in  the  ground.  The  grass  was  cut  shorter  than  it  could  have  been  with  a 

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"Nine  head  of  horses,  thirteen  head  of  cattle  and  twelve  of  hogs  were  found 
dead  on  one  eighty-acre  lot,  and  nearly  as  many  more  were  taken  from  the  same 
land  badly  injured.  Dead  dogs,  rabbits,  cats,  domestic  and  prairie  chickens  were 
also  found. 

"Charles  Robinson's  house  was  blown  down,  his  property  destroyed  and  his 
family  injured  to  some  extent.  Andrew  Pcttit  suffered  the  loss  of  his  house. 
The  family  were  saved  by  taking  refuge  in  the  cellar.  Schoolhouses  in  subdis- 
tricts  No.  6  and  No.  4,  in  Greenfield  township,  were  demolished.  William  Kohl 
lost  both  house  and  bam,  thou^  the  family  escaped  with  but  slight  injury. 

"G.  W.  Lattimer's  house  was  blown  down  and  his  family  seveuely  injured 
Jacob  Cole  was  left  homeless,  and  mourns  the  severe  injury  of  his  two  children. 
E.  M.  Nickerson's  dwelling  was  carried  entirely  from  the  foundations,  but  without 
injury  to  its  inhabitants.  M.  H.  Nickerson's  house  was  carried  away.  The  fam- 
ily were,  fortunately,  absent.  Isaac  Staffy's  home  was  destroyed,  and  the  family 
somewhat  injured. 

"In  Rome  township,  Mr.  Piper's  house  was  swept  from  its  foundations,  and 
two  of  his  children  killed.  Mr.  Piper  suffered  a  double  fracture  in  his  arm,  and 
his  wife  experienced  some  severe  bruises.  His  barn  was  unroofed  and  almost 
completely  destroyed.  A  heavy  lumber  wagon  near  his  barn  was  entirely  demol- 
ished, and  the  iron  work  twisted  and  bent  in  almost  every  shape. 

"Elisha  Miller  lost  his  house,  crops,  etc.  His  son,  twelve  years  of  age,  was 
killed,  and  his  wife  badly  injured.  Samuel  Cook,  a  young  man  living  with  Mr. 
Miller  was  severely  maimed.  N.  Bernard's  house  was  entirely  destroyed,  and 
his  family  more  or  less  afflicted  by  physical  suffering.  The  houses  of  Mr.  Scoles, 
William  May  and  William  Brockelhurst  were  almost  completely  demolished." 

THE  TORNADO  OF  1878. 

The  next  destructive  wind  storm  given  in  the  records  was  in  the  northern 
part  of  the  county  in  the  year  1878.  Considerable  damage  was  done,  but  the 
record  does  not  show  that  any  person  was  killed.  The  meteorological  report  of 
the  Monticello  weather  bureau  by  M.  M.  Moulton  gives  the  following  account  of 
this  tornado : 

"The  people  of  Monticello  will  have  occasion  to  date  back  to  Tuesday,  Octo- 
ber 8.  1878,  for  the  next  two  generations  at  the  least.  It  was  general  election 
day  for  state,  county  and  township  officers,  and  just  as  the  town  clock  in  the 
schoolhouse  tower  indicated  5  -.30  in  the  afternoon,  a  destructive  tornado  struck 
the  southwest  portion  of  the  town,  and  passing  off  in  a  northeasterly  direction, 
totally  destroyed  ten  dwelling  houses,  two  churches,  nine  barns  and  stables,  and 
one  icehouse,  and  more  or  less  damaging  forty-two  other  buildings. 

"The  day  opened  with  the  temperature  fifty-five  degrees  at  7  a.  m.,  nimbus 
clouds  and  a  fresh  breeze  from  the  south,  with  a  little  sprinkling  of  rain  at  10  a.  m., 
and  also  again  at  noon.  The  temperature  at  noon  was  seventy-three  degrees,  and 
there  were  nimbus  clouds  and  a  gentle  breeze  from  the  east.  The  temperature  re- 
mained at  seventy-three  degrees  up  to  and  including  the  time  of  the  tornado.  The 
wind  came  from  the  east  until  the  arrival  of  a  stronger  current  of  air  from  the 
southwest,  when  the  weather  vane  backed  around,  via  the  north,  to  the  southwest. 

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For  an  hour  previous  to  the  arrival  of  the  storm,  a  huge  bank  of  nimbus  clouds 
was  seen  piled  up  in  the  west  and  southwest,  with  occasional  vivid  flashes  of  light- 
ning, accompanied  with  loud  peals  of  thunder;  and  when  this  ocean  of  nimbus 
clouds  approached  from  the  southwest,  a  light  strip  appeared  at  the  horizon,  and 
widened  as  the  storm  made  headway  in  its  course.  The  friction  of  the  wind  rolled 
up  the  under  side  of  the  black  clouds,  and  they  had  very  much  the  appearance 
of  the  waves  of  the  ocean  coming  in  from  sea  before  a  heavy  gale  of  wind. 

"The  first  damage  done  was  the  total  destruction  of  E.  R.  Murdock's  dwelling 
house,  three  miles  west  and  one  mile  south  of  Monticello,  in  Castle  Grove 
township.  Then  following  a  line  northeasterly,  it  destroyed  the  dwelling  house 
of  Mr.  Brunthaver,  in  this  township,  and  damaging  the  school  building  in  dis- 
trict No.  3.  Then  passing  through  the  south  portion  of  town,  crossing  Kitty 
Creek  at  Skelly's  Ford,  it  totally  destroyed  James  Sloan's  dwelling,  in  section  23, 
two  miles  east  of  town.  Then,  crossing  the  Maquoketa  River,  it  destroyed  the 
German  church  in  Richland  township,  section  19,  four  miles  northeast  of  town. 

"The  storm  was  one-fourth  of  a  mile  in  width,  and  lasted  less  than  a  minute 
in  any  one  place,  and  traveled  the  whole  course  of  eight  or  ten  miles  in  a  few 
moments.  In  the  center  of  the  track  of  the  storm  the  ruins  were  mostly  left  in 
a  northeasterly  direction,  but  on  either  side  of  the  center  of  the  track,  the  debris 
was  left  at  every  point  of  the  compass.  A  little  hail  and  rain  fell  a  few  moments 
before  and  during  the  work  of  destruction.  In  all,  it  measured  less  than  a  quarter 
of  an  inch — not  enough  to  wet  through  the  plastering  of  the  houses  that  lost  the 
roofs.  During  the  whole  of  the  storm,  there  was  a  loud,  roaring  noise,  like  the 
roar  of  the  approaching  of  a  thousand  trains  of  cars,  or  the  noise  of  the  ocean 
while  being  lashed  by  a  furious  storm." 


On  July  19,  1898,  a  severe  windstorm  visited  Jones  county,  and  especially  the 
northern  part.  The  storm  came  up  in  the  early  evening.  Monticello,  Scotch 
Grove,  Center  Junction,  Cass,  Castle  Grove  and  Wayne  suffered  the  most  de- 
struction, though  there  was  more  or  less  damage  in  all  parts  of  the  county.  No 
person  was  injured  so  far  as  learned.  Barns  were  blown  down,  crops  injured 
and  trees  leveled.  The  windmills  were  blown  down  quite  generally.  One  firm 
in  Monticello  alone  as  a  result  of  the  storm,  erected  over  one  hundred  and  fifty 

This  was  the  last  destructive  windstorm  to  visit  Jones  county. 


Seismic  disturbances  are  usually  credited  to  mountainous  regions,  and  future 
generations  might  not  believe  that  the  sensations  peculiar  to  such  disturbances 
have  been  experienced  in  Jones  county. 

The  first  earthquake  disturbances  experienced  in  the  county  of  which  any 
remark  has  been  made,  occurred  about  twenty  years  ago.  It  occasioned  more  than 
passing  notice,  though  no  injury  resulted  other  than  the  shock  to  nervous  people. 

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The  next  earthquake  experience  occurred  on  May  26,  1909.  In  describing 
this  we  cannot  do  better  than  quote  from  two  reports,  one  taken  from  The  Mon- 
iicello  Express  ond  the  other  from  The  Wyoming  Journal,  each  published  the  day 
following  the  seismic  disturbances. 

The  Monticello  Express:  "Monticello  experienced  a  distinct  earthquake  shock, 
yesterday  morning,  the  26th  inst.,  at  8:40  o'clock,  which  lasted  several  seconds. 
The  direction  of  the  disturbance  was  north  and  south.  It  was  not  generally  ob- 
served by  those  on  the  street,  but  people  in  the  second  stories  of  buildings  noticed 
the  disturbance.  At  both  the  schoolhouses  it  was  observed.  In  the  second  story 
of  the  Lovell  block  it  shook  the  windows  and  produced  the  feeling  produced  by  a 
strong  wind  blowing  against  a  frame  house.  The  typesetting  machine  in  The  Ex- 
press office  gave  its  operators  the  sensation  of  strong  movements.  At  the  racket 
store  some  articles  were  shaken  from  the  shelves,  and  from  different  parts  of  town 
came  experiences  that  settled  the  character  of  the  disturbances.  During  the  day 
came  the  news  that  the  earthquake  was  general  throughout  the  upper  Mississippi 
valley.  No  particular  damage  was  done,  aside  from  broken  dishes,  but  in  some 
places,  particularly  Dubuque  and  some  Illinois  points  the  movements  were  so 
strong  that  the  occupants  of  factories  and  tall  buildings  rushed  out  into  the  streets 
in  alarm.  We  had  the  same  kind  of  an  experience  in  Monticello  a  little  more 
than  twenty  years  ago,  when  the  earthquake  was  credited  with  the  cracking  of 
cement  lining  of  the  city  reservoir.  Some  amusing  incidents  were  connected  with 
the  seismic  movement.  Dr.  Hefner,  who  had  just  adjusted  his  furnace,  supposed 
it  had  blown  up  and  rushed  into  the  cellar  to  find  it  behaving  beautifully.  George 
Guyan  asked  his  partner  to  drive  out  the  dog  he  thought  was  shaking  the  table. 
Over  in  Richland  Lester  Winner  was  eating  his  breakfast,  and  the  table  shook 
so  violently  he  asked  his  wife  to  drive  the  cow  away  for  he  was  sure  she  had  got- 
ten into  the  yard  again,  and  was  rubbing  herself  against  the  house." 

The  Wyoming  Journal :  "An  earthquake  shock  caused  many  of  our  people  to 
sit  up  and  take  notice  yesterday  morning  about  8:30.  The  seismic  disturbance 
was  of  short  duration,  and  did  no  serious  damage  to  property,  but  the  vibrations 
of  buildings  were  startling  in  the  extreme.  The  writer  was  in  his  office  in  the 
second  story  of  the  Williams  block  and  the  thought  at  the  rumble  and  vibration 
of  the  walls  was  that  a  heavily  loaded  truck  was  being  run  over  the  floor  of  the 
store  below,  causing  the  effect  noticed,  but  the  fact  that  it  was  a  new  one  in 
energy  and  never  before  experienced  raised  a  question.  Enquiry  disclosed  the 
fact  that  others  had  realized  that  the  earth  under  them  had  been  a  little  unsteady 
at  the  same  time.  Dr.  E.  N.  Stoffel  was  standing  in  his  office  leaning  against  his 
office  safe  talking  to  a  friend  when  the  shock  came.  The  safe  rocked  sufficiently 
to  cause  alarm  and  he  got  away  from  it.  Glass  cases  rattled  and  things  looked 
like  a  moving  picture  show  for  a  time  of  a  few  seconds.  In  the  Kettlesen  store 
the  crockery  rattled  and  there  was  considerable  vibration.  At  the  lumber  office 
of  L.  W.  Butler,  Mr.  Butler  was  sitting  talking  to  a  traveling  man  and  both  were 
alarmed  at  the  shaking  the  building  received. 

"Will  R.  Eldred,  who  was  confined  to  his  bed  in  the  home  of  his  mother  on 
the  hill  by  reason  of  an  accident  the  previous  day,  says  his  bed  shook  so  he 
thought  there  was  some  one  under  it  giving  him  a  scare  and  peeked  under  the  bed 
for  the  trouble. 

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"The  quake  was  also  felt  at  Onslow  and  north  in  the  country  as  far  as  the 
home  of  James  Hamilton  in  Clay  township  reports  of  the  quake  come  in." 


Jones  county  has  been  more  fortunate  than  some  of  her  sister  counties  in  the 
amount  of  damage  done  by  storms  and  floods.  The  county  can  also  feel  just 
cause  for  congratulation  that  the  elements  and  powers  have  not  demonstrated 
their  full  destructiveness  in  our  midst.  This  is  especially  so  when  history  has  been 
obliged  to  record  such  disastrous  inflictions  of  the  elements,  not  only  in  the  mere 
loss  of  property,  but  in  the  loss  of  human  life  in  other  parts  of  the  country,  though 
far  removed  in  point  of  miles  from  our  favored  and  prosperous  county.  We 
have  had  some  floods  and  storms,  however,  and  in  order  to  preserve  the  record, 
we  give  herewith  the  history  as  we  find  it  written. 

The  first  flood  was  June  7,  1851.  After  raining  several  hours,  the  water  rose 
in  the  Maquoketa,  overflowed  its  banks,  and  the  low,  flat  lands  on  both  sides  of 
the  river  were  inundated.  Joseph  Clark,  at  this  time,  was  living  in  a  log  house 
on  the  bank  of  Kitty  Creek,  just  north  of  lot  No.  41  of  the  original  plat  of  Mon- 
ticello,  and  southeast  of  the  house  later  occupied  by  August  Grassmeyer,  on  the 
road  to  Dubuque.  The  water  came  into  Mr.  Clark's  house  and  put  the  fire  out  in 
the  fireplace,  and  floated  the  partly  consumed  wood  around  the  room,  and  the 
family  had  to  seek  other  quarters  for  safety.  At  this  date  the  Western  Stage 
Company  were  running  a  daily  line  of  stage  coaches  from  Dubuque  to  Iowa  City, 
and  all  passengers  and  the  mails  had  to  be  transferred  across  the  water  in  a  row 
boat.  The  town  lot  where  W.  H.  Proctor's  brick  and  stone  store  stands  was  all 
covered  with  several  feet  of  water,  and  the  flood  at  one  time  reached  Main  street 
in  front  of  the  Monticello  House.  The  water  that  fell  in  the  rain  gauge  at  this 
storm  measured  three  and  seventy-five  hundredths  inches. 

The  second  flood  occurred  August  i,  1858.  The  water  at  this  time  was  fully 
as  high  as  that  of  the  flood  before  mentioned.  The  west  end  of  the  then  wooden 
bridge  over  the  Maquoketa  river  gave  way  and  dropped  on  the  bank,  and  the 
planks  of  all  three  of  the  spans  were  floated  down  stream  on  their  way  to  the 
Mississippi.  The  mail  and  passengers  had  to  be  transferred  as  heretofore,  and 
were  taken  in  at  the  foot  of  Main  street,  near  Mr.  Doxsee's  residence,  and  landed 
at  the  foot  of  the  sand-hill  in  East  Monticello.  Frequently,  the  through  mail 
bags  and  paper  sacks  were  enough  to  fill  one  boat  load.  There  were  six  families 
living  at  East  Monticello  at  this  date,  viz:  Dewey,  McDonald,  Moulton,  N.  P. 
Starks.  Houser  and  Eldredge,  and  they  had  to  depend  upon  the  ferry-boat  for 
their  mail  and  groceries  for  several  days.  A  number  of  the  emigrant  teams  were 
water-bound,  and  had  to  board  with  the  families  for  a  few  days  on  the  east  side. 
Total  amount  of  water- fall,  four  and  fifty  hundredths. 

The  third  was  June  28  and  29,  1865.  At  this  storm,  three  and  eighty  hun- 
dreths  inches  of  water  fell  in  the  two  days,  and  the  water  in  the  river  came  into 
the  third  story  of  the  East  Monticello  flouring  mills.  The  wooden  bridge  on  the 
military  road  was  only  saved  by  anchoring  it  to  the  large  cottonwood  trees 
above  on  the  banks  of  the  stream  with  ropes  and  chains.  The  planks  of  the 
second  bridge  did  not  escape  the  flood,  but  were  swept  down-stream  by  the  water. 

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The  water  was  high  enough  to  have  run  into  the  public  cistern  on  Main  street  if 
the  reservoir  had  been  built  there  at  that  date.  Monticello  celebrated  the  4th  of 
July  this  year,  and  the  committee  had  selected  the  bottom  land  on  Kitty  Creek, 
near  the  river,  for  the  speaker's  stand ;  but  it  was  changed  on  account  of  the  water 
to  the  vacant  lots  on  the  north  side  of  town,  where  Mrs.  Langworthy  later 
lived.  The  orator  of  the  day,  Hon.  O.  P.  Shiras  of  Dubuque,  was  obliged,  on  ac- 
count of  the  washout  in  the  railroad,  to  come  and  return  with  a  livery  team. 
The  approaches  to  the  railway  bridge  north  of  town  were  washed  away  and  dam- 
aged so  that  trains  could  not  pass  over  the  bridge  for  several  days. 

The  fourth  flood  was  July  4  and  5,  1876.  There  has  perhaps  been  no  rain 
storm  during  the  entire  history  of  the  county  which  has  been  the  subject  of  re- 
mark more  than  the  4th  of  July  rain  of  1876.  In  fact  all  storms  even  in  the 
modem  day  are  compared  with  the  "Centennial  rain.''  The  rain  commenced  to 
fall  on  July  4th  about  9  o'clock  p.  m.,  and  the  rain  continued  to  fall  for  seven 
hours,  although  a  large  share  of  the  three  and  one-half  inches  of  water-fall  was 
landed  in  about  three  hours.  The  water  only  came  up  to  the  junction  of  First 
and  East  Locust  streets,  near  Petersen's  residence,  but  it  came  with  such  violence 
as  to  wash  away  the  approaches  to  the  railroad  bridge  over  Kitty  Creek,  just 
above  the  falls,  and  taking  out  the  wagon  and  foot  bridge  between  the  two  falls, 
root  and  branch,  flooding  all  the  stock  yards,  drowning  several  head  of  hogs  be- 
longing to  Mayor  Wales  and  William  Peterson.  Both  iron  bridges  over  tfie  Ma- 
quoketa  stood  their  ground,  although  they  were  surrounded  by  an  ocean  of  water, 
and  were  not  reached  for  several  days.  The  wooden  bridge  at  the  foot  of  First 
street,  over  the  creek  near  Skelley's,  was  securely  anchored  to  the  heavy  stone 
abutments,  and  stood  the  test  admirably,  although  it  was  several  feet  under  water 
for  hours.  The  water  had  been  as  high  in  the  creek  and  river  a  number  of  times, 
but  not  as  destructive  to  roads  and  bridges  as  at  this  overflow.  All  four  of  these 
rainstorms  were  accompanied  by  the  most  terrific  thunder  and  lightning,  and 
more  or  less  wind,  and  everything  trembled  before  the  onward  march  of  the 

The  fifth  flood  was  July  9,  1879.  The  rain  began  to  fall  a  few  minutes  before 
midnight,  previous  to  the  morning  of  the  9th.  A  huge  bank  of  clouds,  accom- 
panied with  thunder  and  lightning,  was  piled  up  in  the  northwest,  and  the  wind 
blowing  a  gentle  breeze  from  the  southwest  for  hours  previous  to  the  commence- 
ment of  the  rain ;  in  fact,  the  whole  of  the  previous  day  had  shown  unmistakable 
signs  of  the  coming  storm;  and  when  the  wind  fiercely  veered  around  to  the 
northwest,  the  storm  had  fairly  commenced — one  huge  storm  cloud  passing  over, 
only  to  be  closely  followed  by  another,  fully  charged  with  electricity  and  sat- 
urated with  rain ;  and  when  it  ceased  raining  at  10  a.  m.,  fully  five  and  sixty  hun- 
dredths inches  had  been  caught  in  the  rain  gauge,  making  one  and  ten  hun- 
dredths inches  more  than  had  ever  before  been  measured  at  one  storm  during 
the  history  up  to  that  time.  The  water  in  the  Maquoketa  River  and  in  Kitty  Creek 
overflowed  the  banks,  and  reached  the  highest  watermark  about  noon  of  the 
same  day.  The  water  covered  the  lower  creek  bridge,  both  slaughter  houses  and 
stock  yards,  and  stood  in  the  street  opposite  Mr.  Peterson's  stable.  The  water 
in  the  river  came  nearly  up  to  Mr.  Grassmeyer's  lot  at  the  foot  of  Main  street. 

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and  was  a  little  higher  than  in  the  flood  of  1876,  but  the  water  in  the  creek  fell 
short  of  the  mark  for  the  same  storm.  But  little  damage  was  done  to  the  roads 
and  bridges  in  the  township.  The  railroads  were  only  slightly  damaged,  and 
were  all  in  running  order  the  following  day.  No  damage  was  done  in  town,  be- 
yond the  filling  of  several  cellars  with  water,  and  washing  away  the  stock  yards' 

A  hailstorm  took  place  in  1863.  The  flood  of  hail  on  the  afternoon  of  July 
30th  will  be  long  remembered  by  those  who  experienced  its  destructiveness.  For 
a  week  previous,  the  weather  had  been  extremely  warm  and  sultry,  and  the  whole 
day  had  shown  unmistakable  indications  of  rain.  About  4  o'clock  p.  m.,  a  shower 
of  rain  fell  with  a  heavy  wind  from  the  west,  and  was  followed  in  a  few  min- 
utes by  a  battering  shower  of  hail.  After  destroying  all  the  glass  on  the  west 
side  of  the  buildings,  the  wind  veered  around  to  the  east,  destroying  also  all  the 
glass  on  the  north  and  east  sides  of  most  of  the  buildings.  The  marks  of  the 
falling  hail  on  the  fences,  buildings  and  trees  were  plainly  visible  for  several 
years  afterward.  When  the  storm  passed  over  town,  it  was  about  two  miles 
wide,  and  extended  from  East  Monticello  to  Stony  Creek,  near  the  south  line  of 
the  township,  and  all  crops  and  shrubbery  embraced  within  the  limits  of  the  storm 
were  battered  oflP  close  to  the  ground.  Upward  of  five  hundred  lights  of  glass 
were  smashed,  and  most  of  the  families  had  to  wait  until  the  dealer,  Mr.  Hickok 
sent  to  t)ubuque  for  a  new  stock  of  glass.  One  resident  lost  one  hundred  lights 
of  glass  from  his  dwelling  house,  and  there  was  not  an  inch  square  of  dry  floor 
in  the  building.  The  family  had  to  seek  shelter  and  safety  for  the  time  being  in 
the  cellar. 

A  thunder  storm  occurred  August  28,  1879.  ^^  was  the  most  terrific  storm 
of  the  kind  experienced  in  Monticello  during  the  decade  previous.  It  commenced 
a  few  minutes  before  midnight,  and  lasted  for  five  hours,  and  during  the  whole 
of  this  time  there  was  an  incessant  roar  of  the  heaviest  thunder,  one  peal  fol- 
lowing another  in  such  rapid  succession  that  there  was  one  continual  crash  of 
thunder,  and  the  lightning  was  one  continual  flash  of  electric  light.  The  whole 
town  was  illuminated  brighter  than  the  noonday  sun.  At  the  close  of  the  storm, 
three  inches  of  rain  was  measured  in  the  rain-gauge.  With  one  exception,  this  is 
the  greatest  rainfall  known  in  years.  No  very  serious  damage  was  done,  neither 
by  the  electricity,  nor  the  water,  in  Monticello.  A  large  shade  tree  in  front  of 
H.  H.  Monroe's  residence  on  North  Cedar  street  was  struck  by  the  lightning; 
also  Frank  Whittemore's  dwelling  near  by,  and  several  telegraph  poles  in  the  south 
part  of  town,  and  a  dozen  in  the  north  part  of  town.  The  telegraph  office,  in  the 
Union  Depot,  was  more  or  less  damaged.  Mr.  Dickerson's  house,  two  miles  east 
of  town,  was  struck  and  slightly  damaged.  The  steeple  of  the  Springer  Memor- 
ial church,  Mr.  Dirk's  barn  and  C.  E.  Marvin's  creamery  were  struck  and  slightly 
damaged.  Mr.  Curtis  Stone  lost  a  stack  of  hay  east  of  town.  T.  H.  Bowen  lost 
a  large  bam  and  contents  at  Sand  Springs,  and  a  cow  belonging  to  Mr.  Law- 
rence, of  Wayne  township,  four  miles  south  of  Monticello,  was  killed.  The  water 
burst  Mr.  Suhr's  cistern  in  his  new  block  on  First  street,  and  flooded  his  cellar.- 
The  water  washed  out  the  newly  packed  in  dirt  from  the  water-works*  trenches, 
filled  up  all  the  cisterns  and  not  a  few  wells  in  town. 

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The  history  of  the  storms  after  this  period  is  more  or  less  fragmentary.  Upon 
the  removal  of  the  meteorological  station  from  Monticello,  no  record  has  been 
kept  other  than  is  recorded  in  memory  and  preserved  in  the  newspapers.  There 
have  been  a  number  of  severe  rain  and  also  hail  storms  during  the  past  thirty 
years,  seme  of  them  doing  considerable  damage,  destroying  crops,  washing  out 
bridges  and  flooding  the  lowlands.  The  writer  remembers  a  storm  which  oc- 
curred in  the  nig^t  in  July,  1903.  Small  bridges  suffered  severely,  and  many  of 
the  larger  bridges  required  immediate  repair  before  they  were  safe  for  travel. 
But  in  the  record  of  high  water,  the  mark  set  in  the  certennial  rain  of  July  4, 
1876,  has  never  been  reached  in  Jones  county. 

There  is  a  general  tendency  among  observers  of  weather  conditions  to  mag- 
nify the  last  storm  as  being  the  worst  in  their  experience,  to  declare  the  cold  spell 
to  be  the  most  severe  in  their  history,  or  to  insist  that  the  dry  spell  is  the  longest 
known  by  the  oldest  inhabitant.  This  is  a  general  weakness  and  for  this  reasoiii 
it  is  difficult,  in  the  absence  of  some  accurate  record,  to  state  which  have  been 
the  worst  storms  in  a  given  period.  The  winter  of  1908-9  has  been  declared  by 
the  oldest  inhabitants  to  have  been  the  most  mild  winter  in  their  experience  and 
that  the  spring  of  1909,  was  the  latest  and  coldest.  The  spring  of  1907  beyond 
question  was  the  coldest  and  most  backward  in  recent  years.  In  the  history  of 
Rome  township  is  cited  the  instance  of  an  ox  team  being  driven  on  the  ice  on  the 
Wapsie  with  scmie  logs  on  April  10,  1842.  These  diversities  exist  and  will  con- 
tinue during  the  frailty  of  nature. 


Jones  county  has  been  well  represented  in  the  state  legislature  from  the  days 
of  the  first  constitutional  convention  in  1844  down  to  the  present  time.  We  have 
had  several  men  of  considerably  more  than  the  average  ability  of  legislators,  and 
all  have  been  worthy  of  the  honor. 

Jones  county  has  been  honored  several  times  with  a  state  office,  and  once  with 
a  national  office.  William  H.  Holmes  of  Jones  county  was  state  treasurer  from 
January  i,  1863,  to  January  i,  1867.  John  Russell  was  state  auditor  from 
January  i,  1871  to  January  i,  1875.  John  Russell  was  speaker  of  the  house  of 
representatives  during  the  twelfth  general  assembly  which  convened  January  13, 
1868.  Henry  D.  Sherman  of  Monticello,  the  pioneer  dair3rman  of  Jones  county, 
was  one  of  the  first  state  dairy  commissioners,  1886-1890.  Benjamin  F.  Shaw  of 
Anamosa,  was  one  of  the  first  state  fish  inspectors,  1874-1882.  S.  S.  Farwell  of 
Monticello  enjoys  the  distinction  of  being  the  only  Jones  county  man  sent  to 
Washington,  D.  C,  as  a  United  States  representative,  1881-1883,  forty-seventh 

Jones  county  has  had  and  still  has  plenty  of  good  timber  out  of  which  state 
and  federal  officers  are  made.  When  the  time  comes,  Jones  county  will  be  pre- 
pared with  as  many  men  and  as  good  men  as  the  occasion  may  require. 


On  October  7,  1844,  the  first  constitutional  convention  convened  at  Iowa  City,* 
the  representative   from   Jones   county  being   John   Taylor.    The   constitution 

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adopted  by  this  convention  was  rejected  by  the  people  at  an  election  held  August 
4,  1845,  by  a  vote  of  seven  thousand,  two  hundred  and  thirty-five  for,  to  seven 
thousand,  six  hundred  and  fifty-six  against. 

The  second  constitutional  convention  convened  at  Iowa  City,  May  4,  1846, 
Jones  county  being  represented  by  Sylvester  G.  Matson.  The  constitution  adopted 
by  the  convention  was  adopted  by  the  people  at  an  election  held  on  the  3d  day  of 
August,  1846,  by  a  vote  of  nine  thousand,  four  hundred  and  ninety-two  for,  to 
nine  thousand  and  thirty-six  against.  This  constitution  was  presented  to  con- 
gress in  December,  1846,  and  on  the  28th  day  of  the  same  month  Iowa  was  ad- 
mitted as  a  state  of  the  Union. 

The  third  constitutional  convention  met  at  Iowa  City,  January  19,  1857,  Al- 
bert H.  Marvin  representing  Jackson  and  Jones  counties.  The  constitution 
adopted  by  the  convention  was  sanctioned  by  the  people  at  the  election  held  Au- 
gust 3,  1857,  by  a  vote  of  forty  thousand,  three  hundred  and  eleven  in  favor,to 
thirty-eight  thousand,  six  hundred  and  eighty-one  against,  and  by  proclamation 
of  the  governor  took  effect  September  3,  1857. 

In  The  Territorial  Council.  1838-40,  Cedar,  Jones,  Linn  and  Johnson  coun- 
ties sent  Charles  Whittlesey;  1840-42  Jones  and  Linn  counties  were  repre- 
sented by  George  Greene;  1842-44,  Jones  and  Linn  counties  sent  John  P.  Cook; 
1844-46,  Jones  and  Linn  counties  were  represented  by  William  Abbe. 

State  Senators.  1846-50,  Jones  and  Jackson  counties  were  represented  by 
Philip  P.  Bradley;  1850-54,  Jones  and  Jackson  counties  sent  Nathan  G.  Sales; 
1854-58,  Jones  county  sent  William  H.  Holmes ;  1858-62,  Jones  and  Jackson  coun- 
ties sent  Joseph  Mann;  1862-64,  Jones  county  sent  W.  H.  Holmes ;  1864-66,  Jones 
county  sent  Ezekiel  Cutler;  1866-70,  Jones  county  sent  S.  S.  Farwell;  1870-72, 
Jones  county  sent  John  McKean;  1872-78,  Jones  county  sent  George  W.  Lovell; 
1878-80,  Henry  C.  Carr  of  Cedar  county  represented  Jones  and  Cedar  counties 
in  the  senate,  the  two  counties  being  then  combined  in  a  senatorial  district ;  1880- 
84,  Jones  and  Cedar  counties,  John  Russell ;  1884-88,  John  C.  Chambers ;  1888-92, 
E.  B.  Bills;  1892-96,  J.  A.  Green,  Stone  City;  1896-1900,  F.  O.  Ellison,  Anamosa; 
1900-04:  John  T.  Moffit,  Tipton;  1904-09,  Robert  C.  Stirton,  Monticello;  1909-, 
H.  R.  Chapman,  Durant.  The  thirty-first  general  assembly,  chapter  36  (1906) 
provided  that  senators  in  the  general  assembly  to  succeed  those  whose  terms  were 
about  to  expire  should  be  elected  in  even-nimibered  years  instead  of  odd-numbered 

State  Representatives.  1838-39,  Robert  G.  Roberts,  from  Cedar,  Jones. 
Johnson  and  Linn  counties ;  1839-40,  George  H.  Walworth,  from  Jones  and  Linn 
counties;  1840-41,  Harman  Van  Antwerp  and  George  H.  Walworth,  from  Jones 
and  Linn  counties ;  1841-42,  Thomas  Denson  and  Samuel  P.  Higginson  from 
Linn  and  Jones  counties ;  1842-43,  George  H.  Walworth  and  John  C.  Berry,  from 
Jones  and  Linn  counties;  1843-44,  George  H.  Walworth  and  Robert  Smythe, 
from  Jones  and  Linn  counties ;  1844-46,  Joseph  K.  Snyder  and  John  Taylor, 
from  Jones,  Linn  and  Cedar  counties ;  1846-48,  Sylvester  G.  Matson  and  George  F. 
Green,  from  Jones  and  Jackson  counties;  1848-50,  D.  A.  Mahoney  and  N.  G. 
Sales,  from  Jones  and  Jackson  counties;  1850-52,  R.  B.  Wykoff  and  John  E. 
Goodenow,  from  Jones  and  Jackson  counties;  1852-54,  John  Taylor,  from  Jones 

Digitized  by 



county;  1854-56,  W.  H.  Holmes,  from  Jones  county:  1856-58,  W.  H.  Holmes, 
fr(»n  Jones  county,  and  William  Thomas,  from  Jackson  and  Jones  counties ;  1858- 
60,  H.  Steward,  from  Jones  county,  and  W.  S.  Johnson,  from  Jones  and  Jackson 
counties;  1860-62,  John  Taylor,  from  Jones  county;  1862-64,  Otis  Whittemore 
and  John  Russell;  1864-66,  John  Russell  and  J.  H.  Fuller;  1866-70,  John  McKean 
and  John  Russell;  1870-72,  John  Russell  and  1874-76,  P.  J.  Bonewitz  and  John 
Tasker;  1874-76,  John  W.  Moore  and  G.  O.  Bishop;  1876-78,  William  T. 
Shaw  and  George  W.  Lathrop;  1878-82,  Silas  M.  Yoran;  1882-86,  M.  H. 
Calkins,  Wyoming;  1886-88,  Geo.  W.  Lathrop,  Oxford  Junction;  1888-92, 
Gerard  Eilers,  Monticello ;  1892-94,  Nathan  Potter,  Olin ;  1894-96,  F.  O.  Ellison, 
Anamosa;  1896-98,  A.  M.  Loomis,  Wyoming;  1898-1900,  W.  D.  Sheean,  Ana- 
mosa;  1900-04,  F.  J.  Sokol,  Onslow;  1904-07,  R.  M.  Peet,  Anamosa;  1907-09, 
Qifford  B.  Paul,  Anamosa;  1909 — ,  Wm.  M.  Byerly,  Jackson  township. 


The  roster  herewith  presented  is  as  near  complete  as  the  records  give  it. 
These  are  the  officials  whom  Jones  county  has  been  delighted  to  honor  during  its 
seventy  years  of  organized  existence.  With  but  very  few  exceptions  the  men 
who  have  been  selected  to  hold  official  position  have  been  men  of  ability  and  in- 
tegrity. Not  only  have  they  been  competent  to  perform  the  duties  which  the 
office  imposed,  they  have  also  been  men  who  were  well  worthy  of  the  trust  and 
who  have  almost  to  a  man,  retired  from  the  office  with  even  more  of  the  con- 
fidence and  respect  of  their  fellowmen,  than  when  they  were  elected.  Future 
generations  can  look  back  on  the  political  and  official  history  with  pride  and 

"In  the  beginning"  of  the  county  government,  the  official  matters  were  under 
the  control  and  supervision  of  a  board  of  three  men  called  County  Commis- 
sioners, viz: — 

1839— Thomas  S.  Den§on,  Charles  P.  Hutton  and . 

1840 — H.  G.  Seely,  Thomas  S.  Denson  and  Charles  P.  Hutton. 
1841— Charies  P.  Hutton,  H.  G.  Seely  and  Thomas  S.  Denson. 
1842 — George  H.  Brown,  Charles  P.  Hutton  and  H.  G.  Seely. 
1843 — William  Dalton,  Charles  P.  Hutton,  Ambrose  Parsons. 
1844 — ^William  Dalton,  Adam  Kramer  and  Ambrose  Parsons. 
1845 — George  G.  Banghart,  Adam  Kramer  and  William  Dalton. 
1846 — ^Adam  Kramer,  George  G.  Banghart  and  M.  H.  Hutton. 
1847 — Washington  Lamb,  George  G.  Banghart  and  M.  H.  Hutton. 
1848 — M.  H.  Hutton,  Washington  Lamb  and  Charles  L.  D.  Crockwell. 
1849 — ^Washington  Lamb,  Thomas  McNally  and  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell. 
1850— Thomas  Green,  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell  and  Thomas  McNally. 

In  the  year  1851,  the  board  of  county  commissioners  was  superseded  by  the 
county  judge,  an  office  created  at  that  time  by  the  state  legislature.  The  man- 
agement of  the  county  affairs  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  county  judge  who  sub- 
stantially, performed  all  the  duties  previously  imposed  on  the  board  of  county 

Digitized  by 



County  Judges— 1851-55,  Josq)h  Mann;  1855-57,  G.  C  Mudgett;  1857-59, 
J.  J.  Ruber;  1859-61,  William  H.  Holmes. 

In  January,  1861,  the  office  of  county  judge  was  so  modified  as  to  have  juris- 
diction only  of  probate  and  kindred  business.  The  conduct  and  management  of 
county  affairs  passed  into  the  hands  of  a  board  of  county  supervisors,  composed 
of  one  supervisor  elected  from  each  township  in  the  county.  Four  regular  meet- 
ings were  held  annually. 

Supervisors — 1861,  John  Russell,  W.  H.  Hickman,  Thomas  J.  Peak,  M.  C 
Thompson,  M.  H.  Nickisson,  Philo  Norton,  D.  N.  Monroe,  Daniel  Leery,  H.  T 
Cunningham,  William  Leech,  Thomas  Green,  John  Decious,  Benjamin  Freeman, 
A.  A.  Reilly,  William  Hogg,  Lawrence  Schoonover. 

1862— S.  Hopkins,  William  H.  Hickman,  D.  Graham,  T.  O.  Bishop,  D.  N. 
Monroe,  L.  D.  Brainard,  Benjamin  Freeman,  A.  A.  Reilly,  William  Leech, 
Thomas  McNally,  H.  T.  Cunningham,  M.  C.  Thompson,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  M.  C. 
Walters,  John  McLees,  Philo  Norton. 

1863 — P.  G.  Bonewitz,  Philo  Norton,  Samuel  H.  Clark,  M.  C.  Walters, 
J.  Tallman,  Joseph  Apt,  S.  Hopkins,  David  Graham,  Franklin  Dalby.  B.  K. 
Bronson,  A.  S.  Hale,  John  Waite,  Thomas  McNally,  John  McLees,  S.  P.  South- 
wick,  T.  O.  Bishop. 

1864— S.  H.  Clark,  F.  M.  Hicks,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  Franklin  Dalby,  John  Tall- 
man,  Joseph  Apt,  E.  B.  Alderman,  B.  K.  Bronson,  Philo  Norton,  A.  S.  Hale, 
T.  O.  Bishop,  S.  P.  Southwick,  James  McDaniel,  Leman  Palmer,  Thomas  Mc- 
Nally, John  Waite. 

1865— S.  P.  Southwick,  A.  S.  Hale,  Leman  Palmer,  L.  C.  Niles,  E.  B.  Alder- 
man, John  Waite,  W.  H.  Walworth,  Franklin  Dalby,  John  Thompson,  S.  H. 
Qark,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  D.  L.  Blakeslee,  Thomas  McNally,  Joseph  Apt,  James 
McDaniel,  T.  O.  Bishop. 

1866 — F.  Dawson,  Michael  Kenney,  Leman  Pabner,  A.  H.  Marvin,  W.  T. 
Fordham,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  A.  S.  Hale,  H.  P.  Southwick,  J.  W.  Jenkins,  E.  B. 
Alderman,  T.  O.  Bishop,  S.  M.  Johnson  L.  C.  Niles,  John  Waite,  J.  Thompson, 
S.  H.  Clark. 

1867— J.  W.  Jenkins,  T.  O.  Bishop,  E.  B.  Alderman,  S.  M.  Johnson,  A.  H. 
Marvin,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  H.  Steward,  W.  T.  Fordham,  A.  J.  Dalby,  A.  G.  Pang- 
bum,  G.  W.  Lathrop,  M.  C.  Thompson,  William  M.  Starr,  J.  Sutherland,  Francis 
Dawson,  Michael  Kenny. 

1868— M.  C.  Thompson,  William  M.  Starr,  E.  E.  Brown,  Joseph  Cool,  T.  O. 
Bishop,  A.  J.  Dalby,  Anson  Hayden,  A.  G.  Pangbum,  A.  A.  Reilly,  Francis  Daw- 
son, H.  Steward,  John  Sutherland,  Michael  Kenny,  R.  G.  Bonewitz,  W.  T. 
Fordham,  S.  M.  Yoran. 

1869 — Hiram  Steward,  J.  A.  Crawford,  John  Wilson,  E.  E.  Brown,  H.  C 
Metcalf,  T.  O.  Bishop,  P.  V.  Farley,  A.  Hayden.  A.  G.  Pangbum,  S.  M.  Yoran, 
A.  A.  Reilly,  B.  Connell,  John  Sutherland,  Michael  Kenny,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  John 

1870 — George  W.  Lovell,  J.  A.  Crawford,  John  Tasker,  A.  G.  Pangbum, 
David  Grafft,  J.  S.  Lathrop,  Ezekiel  Oliphant,  Hiram  Steward,  M.  C.  Walters, 
Peter  V.  Farley,  D.  Gardner,  A.  A.  Reilly,  John  Sutherland,  T.  O.  Bishop,  Thomas 
McNally,  H.  C.  Metcalf. 

Digitized  by 



In  1870,  the  supervisor  system  was  changed  so  as  to  place  the  business  in  the 
hands  of  three  men,  who  should  be  chosen  for  a  term  of  three  years,  from  the 
county  at  large,  one  new  member  being  elected  each  year,  after  the  manner  of 
the  former  county  commissioners. 

1871 — ^Hiram  Steward,  John  Tasker,  S.  M.  Yoran. 

1872 — ^A.  G.  Pangbum,  S.  M.  Yoran,  Hiram  Steward. 

1873 — S.  M.  Yoran,  John  Waite  and  Hiram  Steward. 

By  vote  of  the  electors  of  the  county  in  October,  1872,  the  number  of  super- 
visors increased  to  five  members.  There  has  been  no  change  in  the  ntunber  of 
members  down  to  the  year  1909. 

1874 — ^J.  A.  Crawford,  Hiram  Steward,  G.  G.  Banghart,  John  Sutherland, 
W.  J.  Brainard. 

1875 — G.  G.  Banghart,  W.  J.  Brainard,  J.  A.  Crawford,  Joseph  Cool,  Hiram 

1876— M.  C.  Thompson,  F.  Griswold,  W.  J.  Bramard,  S.  H.  Clark,  G.  G. 

1877— S.  H.  Qark,  M.  C.  Walters,  M.  C.  Thompson,  H.  C.  Freeman, 
F.  Griswold. 

1878— F.  Griswold,  H.  C.  Freeman,  M.  C.  Thompson,  S.  H.  Clark,  M.  C. 

1879 — M.  C.  Walters,  S.  H.  Clark,  H.  C.  Freeman,  L.  Schoonover,  John 

1880 — S.  H.  Qark,  H.  C.  Freeman,  John  Bates,  J.  H.  Smith,  L.  Schoonover. 

1881 — ^H.  C.  Freeman,  L.  Schoonover,  John  Bates,  J.  H.  Smith,  W.  M.  Starr. 

1882 — H.  C.  Freeman,  John  Bates,  J.  H.  Smith,  John  Pfeifer,  A.  L.  Fairbanks. 

1883 — ^John  Bates,  John  Pfeifer,  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  J.  A.  Bronson, 
P.  Washington. 

1884 — ^A.  L.  Fairbanks,  John  Bates,  John  Pfeifer,  P.  Washington,  J.  A. 

1885 — ^J.  A.  Bronson,  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  John  Pfeifer,  Pat  Washington,  D.  E. 

1886— A.  L.  Fairbanks,  John  Pfeifer,  D.  E.  Pond,  E.  E.  Brown,  Robert  In- 

1887— Jdm  Pfeifer,  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  E.  E.  Brown,  Robert  Inglis,  D.  E. 

1888— F.  S.  Dumont,  Robert  Qark,  S.  Hickman,  M.  McLaughlin,  W.  H. 

1889— G.  H.  George,  W.  H.  Glick,  Robert  Qaric,  S.  Hickman,  F.  S.  Dumont. 

1890— W.  H.  Glick,  G.  H.  George,  S.  Hickman,  F.  S.  Dumont,  Robert  Qark. 

1891— G.  H.  George,  E.  G.  Peet,  A.  Hans,  W.  H.  Glick,  Robert  Qark. 

1892— G.  H.  George,  E.  G.  Peet,  E.  A.  Osborne,  A.  Hand,  W.  H.  Glick. 

1893— Matt  Noyes,  E.  A.  Osborne,  W.  H.  Glick,  F.  J.  Sokol,  E.  G.  Peet. 

1894— W.  H.  Glick,  F.  J.  Sokol,  Matt  Noyes,  E.  A.  Osborne,  E.  G.  Peet 

1895— F.  J.  Sokol,  T.  H.  Dunn,  E.  G.  Peet,  Matt  Noyes,  W.  H.  Glick. 
1896— W.  H.  Glick,  T.  H.  Dunn,  E.  G.  Peet,  F.  J.  Sokol,  Wm.  Sutherland. 

1897— T.  H.  Dunn,  E.  G.  Peet,  W.  H.  Glick,  Wm.  Sutherland,  F.  J.  Sokol. 

1898— T.  H.  Dunn,  E.  G.  Peet,  Wm.  Sutherland,  F.  J.  Sokol,' J.  R.  Clay. 

Digitized  by 



1899— F.  J.  Sokol,  Wm.  Sutherland,  D.  A.  Clay,  T.  H.  Dunn,  E.  G.  Peet. 

1900— T.  H.  Dunn,  Wm.  Sutherland,  F.  J.  Brainard,  D.  A.  Day,  Robert 

1901— Wm.  Sutherland,  R.  A.  Scroggie,  D.  A-  Qay,  T.  H.  Dunn,  F.  J.  Brain- 

1902— R.  A.  Scroggie,  Wm.  Sutherland,  T.  H.  Dunn,  F.  J.  Brainard,  D.  A. 

1903— R.  M.  Peet,  Wm.  Sutherland,  T.  H.  Dunn,  R.  A.  Scroggie,  D.  A.  Qay. 

1904 — ^A.  Matthieson,  Wm.  Sutherland,  R.  M.  Peet,  R.  A.  Scroggie,  D.  A. 

1905— A.  McDonald,  D.  A.  Clay,  R.  A.  Scroggie,  A.  Matthieson,  R.  M.  Peet 

1906 — D.  A.  Qay,  A.  McDonald,  A.  Matthieson,  R.  A.  Scroggie,  R.  M.  Peet 

1907— Matt  Noyes,  John  Hale,  T.  J.  Finn,  Wm.  M.  Byerly,  John  Thomscn. 

1908 — ^John  Hale,  Wm.  Byerly,  T.  J.  Finn,  Matt  Noyes,  John  Thomsen. 

1909 — ^John  Thomsen,  John  Hale,  Matt  Noyes,  T.  J.  Finn,  C.  J.  Murfield. 

Clerks  of  Commissioners'  Court.  1841-44,  William  Hutton ;  1844-47,  Bar- 
rett Whittemore ;  1847-51,  C.  C.  Rockwell. 

Clerks  of  District  Court.  1841-48,  William  Hutton;  September,  1848-50. 
John  D.  Walworth;  September,  1850-52,  J.  A.  Secrist;  September,  1852  to  April 
1856,  W.  W.  Wilson;  April  1856,  to  September  1856,  David  Kinert;  September 
1856  to  January  1861,  E.  T.  Mullet;  January  1861  to  January  1867,  G.  P.  Deitz; 
January  1867-75,  J.  C.  Deitz;  January  1875-81,  B.  H.  White;  January  1881-87, 
J.  H.  Chapman;  January  1887-93,  R-  M.  Bush;  January  1893-95,  W.  D.  Sheean; 
January  1895  ^o  December  1896,  J.  B.  McQueen ;  December  1896  to  January  1903, 
J.  A.  Hartman;  January  1903  to  January  1909,  J.  H.  Ramsey;  January  1909 — , 
H.  G.  A.  Harper,  the  present  incumbent. 

Sheriffs  of  Jones  County.  1839-44,  Hugh  Bowen;  September  1844-46,  M. 
Q.  Simpson ;  September  1846-50,  G.  B.  Laughlin ;  April  1852  to  September  1853, 
F.  M.  Hicks;  September  1853-57,  Samuel  Lawrence;  September  1857  to  Janu- 
ary i860,  N.  S.  Noble;  January  1860-62,  H.  H.  Metcalf ;  January  1862-68,  David 
Kinert;  January  1868-74,  O.  B.  Crane;  January  1874-76,  A.  J.  Byerly;  January 
1876-82,  P.  O.  Babcock;  January  1882-88,  T.  M.  Wilds;  January  1888-94,  W.  A. 
Hogan ;  January  1894-98,  P.  O.  Babcock ;  January  1898-1904,  Hiram  Arnold ;  Jan- 
uary', 1904 — ,  W.  A.  Hogan,  the  present  incumbent. 

Recorders.  1841-42,  Clark  Joslin;  September  1842-47,  Edmond  Booth; 
September  1847-49,  William  Sterling;  September  1849-51,  Ira  B.  Ryan;  Septem- 
ber 1851-53,  Samuel  T.  Buxton;  September  1853-57,  Jonas  J.  Huber;  September 
^857  to  January  i860,  F.  L.  McKean;  January  1860-65,  John  D.  Walworth; 
January  1865-69,  J.  S.  Perfect;  January  1869-75,  Richard  Daniels;  January 
1875-81,  R.  L.  Duer;  January  1881-86,  H.  Van  Dusen;  January  1886-93,  Jas. 
Robertson;  January  1893-95,  S.  H.  Brainard;  January  1895-1901,  Miles  Cock; 
January  1901-07,  C.  W.  B.  Derr ;  January  1907-09,  H.  G.  Halsey ;  January  1909 — , 
Earl  Boyer,  the  present  incumbent. 

Treasurers.  Prior  to  1865,  the  recorder  performed  the  duties  of  treasurer. 
January  1866-68,  W.  Cronkhite;  January  1868-74,  L.  Schoonover;  January  1874- 
76,  J.  H.  Dickey;  January   1876-82,  Thomas  E.  Patterson;  January   1882-88, 

Digitized  by 



S.  L.  Easterly ;  January  1888-93,  F-  M.  Rhodes;  January  1893-1900,  J.  W.  Waitc; 
January  190007,  J.  F.  Petcina ;  January  1907 — ,  W.  K.  Pearson,  the  present  in- 

Auditors,  A  portion  of  the  auditor's  present  duties  were  performed  by  the 
county  judge  from  1861  to  1870.  The  first  auditor  was  elected  October,  1869; 
January  1870-74,  Charles  Kline;  January  1874-82,  Robert  Dott;  January  1882- 
88,  S.  Needham ;  January  1888-90,  Ossian  Fakes ;  January  1890-95,  W.  A.  Mil- 
ler; January  1895  to  July  1897,  H.  S.  Richardson;  July  1897  to  January  1903, 
W.  S.  Barker ;  January,  1903-09,  W.  J.  Mills ;  January  1909—,  Louis  Gardner,  the 
present  incumbent. 

County  Superintendents,  This  office  was  established  in  1859.  January  1860- 
62,  B.  F.  Shaw ;  January  1862-64,  H.  D.  Sherman ;  January  1864-66,  D. 
Harper ;  January  1866-68,  L.  Carpenter ;  January  1868-70,  J.  R.  Stillman ;  Janu- 
ary 1870-72,  Alexander  Hughes;  January  1872-74,  E.  B.-  Champlin;  January 
1874-76,  G.  O.  Johnson;  January  1876-82,  O.  E.  Aldrich;  January  1882-83,  J.  B. 
L.  Caldwell;  January  1883-86,  Luther  Foster;  January  1886-90,  Geo.  E.  Wood; 
January  1888-94,  E.  R.  Moore;  January  1894-1900,  T.  J.  Cowan;  January  1900- 
07,  Qifford  B.  Paul;  January  1907 — ,  Miss  Catherine  Maurice,  the  present 

County  Attorneys,  The  office  of  county  attorney  was  established  in  1886. 
Prior  to  this  time,  the  duties  of  the  office  were  performed  by  the  district  attorney 
of  the  eighth  judicial  district.  F.  O.  Ellison,  at  present  judge  in  the  eighteenth 
judicial  district,  and  Jones  county  resident  judge,  was  elected  to  the  newly  cre- 
ated office  of  county  attorney  in  the  fall  of  1886.  January  1887-92,  F.  O.  Ellison ; 
January  1892-95,  E.  H.  Hicks;  January  1895-1900,  M.  W.  Herrick;  January 
1900-02,  E.  E.  Reed;  January  1902-04,  C.  J.  Cash;  January  IQ04-06,  A.  G.  Ban- 
der; January  1906 — ,  C.  J.  Cash,  the  present  incumbent. 

Coroners.  No  record  exists  prior  to  1851.  September  1851-53,  G.  H.  Ford; 
September  1853-54,  Alexander  Rooney;  September  1854-55,  William  Haddock; 
September  1855-57,  Alexander  Delong;  September  1857-59,  M.  H.  Byerly;  Sep- 
tember 1859  to  January  1864,  E.  Dalby ;  January  1864-76,  V.  C.  Williston ;  Jan- 
uary 1876-78,  George  W.  Birdsall;  January  1878-80,  V.  C.  Williston;  January 
1880-82,  W.  W.  Calkins;  January  1882-86,  Z.  G.  Isbell;  January  1886-88,  J.  M. 
Paul;  January  1888-91,  Z.  G.  Isbell;  January  1891-94,  W.  A.  Scott;  January 
1894-1904,  T.  B.  Kent;  January  1904 — ,  B.  H.  Chamberlain,  the  present 

County  Surveyors,  L.  A.  Simpson,  was  probably  the  first  to  hold  this  office. 
From  his  time  until  1851,  there  is  no  reliable  record.  September  1851-53,  Moses 
A.  Dark;  September  1853-55,  E.  K.  Johnson;  September  1855-57,  Lewis  W. 
Steward;  September  1857  to  January  i860,  George  Welsh;  January  1860-62, 
John  Leery;  January  1862-64,  Henry  D.  Smith;  January  1864-66,  F.  Merriman; 
January  1866-72,  D.  L.  Blakeslee;  January  1872-74,  R.  O.  Peters;  January 
1874-76,  T.  J.  Townsend;  January  1876-80,  O.  Burlingame;  January  1880-81, 
C.  F.  McGrew ;  January  1881-82,  T.  J.  Townsend;  January  1882-86,  R.  O.  Peters; 
January  1886-97,  H.  M.  Jeffries;  January  1897-99,  R.  O.  Peters;  January 
1899 — ,  J.  F.  Whalen,  the  present  incumbent. 

Digitized  by 




Supervisors'  Organusation. 

John  Thomsen,  chairman. 

Committees : 

Finance — ^Matt  Noyes,  C.  J.  Murfield. 

Poor  farm — ^John  Hale,  John  Thomsen. 

Roads  and  bridges — ^T.  J.  Finn,  John  Hale. 

Equalization — T.  J.  Finn,  John  Hale. 

Claims— T.  J.  Finn,  C.  J.  Murfield. 

Poor  outside  poor  farm — Matt  Noyes,  C.  J.  Murfield. 

Salaries — ^T.  J.  Finn. 

Public  buildings — Matt  Noyes. 

School  fund — Matt  Noyes. 

Bonds — ^John  Thomsen. 

District  road  and  bridge  committees: 

John  Hale — Cass,  Fairview  and  Castle  Grove. 

Matt  Noyes — ^Lovell,  Scotch  Grove  and  Wayne. 

T.  J.  Finn — Richland,  Washington  and  Gay. 

C.  J.  Murfield — Greenfield,  Rome  and  Jackson. 

John  Thomsen — Madison,  Wyoming,  Hale  and  Oxford. 

County  Officers. 

Auditor — Louis  Gardner;  deputy.  Miss  Reva  M.  Crow. 

Qerk  district  court — H.  G.  A.  Harper ;  deputy,  L.  A.  Miller. 

Sheriff— W.  A.  Hogan ;  deputy,  Earl  Miller. 

Recorder — Earl  Boyer;  deputy.  Miss  Anna  Hanson. 

Treasurer — ^W.  K.  Pearson;  deputy,  I.  H.  Brasted. 

County  attorney — C.  J.  Cash. 

Superintendent  of  schools — Miss  Catherine  Maurice. 

County  coroner — ^Dr.  B.  H.  Chamberlain. 

County  surveyor — ^J.  F.  Whalen. 

Steward  county  home — ^T.  A.  King. 

Janitor  courthouse — F.  M.  Bagley. 

Bailiffs— H.  E.  M.  Niles,  F.  M.  Bagley. 

Grand  jury — John  F.  W.  Allen,  Wyoming;  J.  W.  Byerly,  Jackson;  A.  C.  Bur- 
roughs, Greenfield;  M.  M.  Franks,  Madison;  E.  O.  Green,  Qay;  Charles  CJard- 
ner.  Hale ;  Thomas  Lister,  Fairview ;  John  H.  Lubben,  Castle  Grove ;  John  Mc- 
Donald, Washington;  J.  H.  Rickels,  Lovell;  Wm.  Sutherland,  Scotch  Grove; 
George  A.  Wasoba,  Oxford. 

Judges  and  Reporters,  District  Court,  1909. 

Hon.  F.  O.  Ellison,  judge,  Anamosa ;  reporter,  C.  M.  Brown. 
Hon.  W.  N.  Treichler,  Tipton;  reporter,  H.  H.  Burr. 
Hon.  Milo  P.  Smith,  Marion ;  reporter,  C.  W.  Sutliff . 

Digitized  by 







Digitized  by 


Digitized  by 




The  Mondcello  Express,  The  Anamosa  Eureka,  The  Anamosa  Journal. 

Every  taxpayer  of  Jcmes  county  has  more  than  a  passing  interest  in  the 
amount  of  money  necessary  to  pay  the  running  expenses  of  the  county  govern- 
ment. From  the  tables  given  below  it  will  be  seen  that  the  amoimt  of  financial 
oil  needed  to  keep  the  wheels  of  government  running  smoothly,  has  increased 
more  rapidly  than  the  increase  of  population.  The  money  has  been  used  judi- 
ciously and  a  good  account  has  been  given  of  the  outlay.  When  the  increased 
valuation  of  property  in  the  county  is  considered,  the  increased  expenses  are  met 
without  a  greatly  increased  levy. 

Tables  have  been  prepared  showing  the  items  of  expense  for  the  years  1865, 
1878,  1895  and  1908,  and  also  showing  the  total  expenses  for  each  year  since 
1880  down  to  the  present  time. 


Supervisors'  salaries  $  996.62 

Keeping  prisoners  and  jail  expenses 423.25 

Township  officers  and  assessors 1329.96 

Paupers  and  poorhouse    2669.35 

Sheriff,  bailiffs  and  expenses  833.23 

Sheriff's  fees  state  cases 129.70 

Election  expenses    255.00 

Fuel,  lights,  supplies,  incidentals,  books  and  stationery 866.91 

County  printing 726.70 

Insane  hospital  expense 997-77 

Juror's  fees i375-8o 

Witnesses,  grand  jury 166.10 

Attorney  fees  and  expenses,  railroad  bonds 732.89 

Bounties — wolves,  wildcats,   etc    248.00 

Clerk's  salary 600.00 

Treasurer's  salary,  per  cent,  on  tax  collected 1050.00 

Deputy  treasurer's  salary   800.00 

Deputy  clerk's  salary 800.00 

County  superintendent   16.90 

District  attorney  fees 46.19 

Total 15004.37 


Supervisors'  salaries  .$    777-59 

Salaries  of  officers 4400.00 

Digitized  by 



Witnesses 2138.70 

Deaf,  dumb  and  insane 4^545 

Jurors 3490.00 

Attorneys  and  reporters II93-50 

Sheriff,  bailiffs  and  janitor 1286.33 

Jail  expenses    96140 

Justices   and  constables 1607.00 

Insane  hospital    1515.56 

Poor  outside  poor  farm  2658.15 

Bridges    14473-44 

Fuel,  lights,  repairs   691.28 

Assessors,  township  clerks  and  trustees 1759-90 

Postage  and  express I34-05 

Books  and  stationery    797 -AP 

Printing 1779-53 

County   superintendent    958.07 

Election  expenses   456.20 

Bounty  on  scalps  wild  animals  242.00 

Township  tax  collectors 1140.59 

Poor  farm   ^557-96 

Benton  county,  Johnson  calf  case 208.00 

Copying  mortgage  index  175-00 

Clerk's  fees,  criminal  cases 52.25 

Settlement  title,  Coleman  lots 40.00 

Miscellaneous    4.10 

Total $4590345 


Supervisors'  salaries  $  1049.99 

County  officers    6841.75 

County  superintendent 1245.61 

Jurors 2567.25 

Witnesses    1700.36 

Sheriff,  bailiffs  and  janitor , 2179.17 

Jail  expenses   414.45 

Attorneys  and  reporters   589*96 

Fuel,  light,  insurance  and  repairs 412.48 

Postage  and  express 240.00 

Books  and  stationery 836.12 

Printing    2503.64 

Justices  and  constables   769.79 

Assessors,  township  clerks  and  trustees  4111.66 

Election   expenses    380.80 

County  officers  supplies 325.61 

Bounty  on  wild  animals 121.00 

Digitized  by 



Poor   outside  poor   farm    6278.24 

Poor   farm   319578 

Deaf,  dtmib,  feeble  minded  and  insane 5572.68 

Bridge    86784S 

School  books   192341 

Soldiers'  relief  1136.00 

County   road    984.65 

Orphans'  home 479-20 

Miscellaneous    334-93 

Total    $54872.98 


Supervisors'  salaries $  1885.55 

County  officers'  salaries 9124.35 

Superintendent  of  schools 659.02 

District  court  jurors 5348.30 

Justice  court  jurors i4-50 

District  court  witnesses 1336.90 

Justice  court  witnesses 66.00 

Sheriff,  bailiflFs,  janitor 3427.32 

Jail  expenses 545-53 

Attorneys  and  reporters 1829.82 

Fuel,  light,  repairs  and  insurance 1873.12 

Postage  and  express 274.18 

Poor  outside  poor  farm 5574.09 

Poor  farm 363343 

Books  and  stationery 61849 

Printing    2422.24 

Justices  and  constables 548.04 

Asessors,  township  clerks  and  trustees 2003.66 

Election  expenses   2635.51 

Domestic  animals    283.25 

County  office  supplies 1254.90 

Bounty,  wild  animals 654.30 

Deaf,  dumb,  feeble  minded  and  insane 9224.02 

Orphans'  home 324.00 

Soldiers'  relief  2075.00 

School  books 789.16 

Bridges    22987.30 

Road    6314.41 

Inquest    13^00 

Quarantine  and  board  of  health 754-59 

Drainage  expenses  and  miscellaneous 15380 

Total    $88791.78 

Digitized  by 




1880  $3999473 

1881  $33291  35 

1882  $49847.39 

1883  $45735.58 

1884  $5783729 

1885  $51748.87 

1886  $41984.39 

1887  $53132.12 

1888  $39412.89 

1889  $45690.89* 

1890 '. $46255  48 

1891    $48520.59 

1892 $57083.42 

1893   $60223.66 

1894   $60653.64 

1895   $54872.98 

1896  $55252.33 

1897  $62278.57 

1898   $57439.28 

1899  $66230.31 

1900  $66115.21 

1901  (Bridge  expenses  $i  1050) $62019.33 

1902  (Bridge  expenses  $ii533) $67663.55 

1903  (Bridge  expenses  $26157) $85209.79 

1904  (Bridge  expenses  $23188) $88180.11 

1905  (Bridge  expenses  $16704) $76266.80 

1906  (Bridge  expenses  $25260) $86835  95 

1907  (Bridge  expenses  $29936) $98232  60 

1908  (Bridge  expenses  $22987) $88791.78 



The  following  table,  though  incomplete,  was  taken  from  the  assessors'  books 
as  found  in  the  auditor's  office.  Some  of  the  township  books  were  missing.  No. 
books  of  an  early  period  could  be  found  in  years  in  which  real  estate  was  assessed. 

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(The  valuations  lierewith  given,  were  raised  five  per  cent  by  the  state  execu- 
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Towns  and 



Value  of 



Cass     22.908 

Castle  GroTe 22,7.^1.5 

Clay    22,280 

Palrview    21.701 

Greenfield 22,645 

Hale    22.850 

Jackson    22,228 

Madison    22,106 

MontlceUo  22,022 

Oxford   22.253 

Richland    22.911 

Rome   22,172 

Scotch  Grove 22.443 

Washington     22,866 

Wayne   22,575 

WyominfiT 22,200 




St  Berry  Hill 

Wyoming?,  town   

Totals 358,915 

$  196.073 


$   57,745 

$  253,818 

































































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17  714 









Towns  and  Townships 


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Digitized  by 


Digitized  by 




The  growth  and  development  of  Jones  county  has  not  been  marked  by  any 
sudden  change.  Its  onward  progress  has  been  steady.  There  have  been  no 
booms  to  break  later  with  disaster  and  ruin.  No  feverish  haste  or  stampede  has 
invited  relapse  or  disaster.  Its  citizens  have  come  with  the  idea  of  making  Jones 
county  their  home.  They  have  erected  substantial  homes  and  surrounded  them- 
selves and  their  families  with  those  necessities  which  make  for  comfort  and 
permanency  of  home.  Jones  county  has  been  an  agricultural  community  from  the 
day  when  the  first  inhabitants  broke  the  soil  and  began  the  raising  of  the  products 
which  later  were  to  form  the  chief  crops  of  the  farmer.  In  the  later  years,  indus- 
tries were  started,  only  to  perish  in  the  evolution  of  the  times. 

Up  until  about  1875,  the  population  rapidly  increased,  and  since  that  time, 
the  population  has  remained  about  twenty  thousand.  The  growth  of  the  popula- 
tion can  best  be  seen  and  illustrated  by  a  comparison  of  the  census  reports  since 
1838.  In  1838—241;  1840—475;  1844—1,112;  1846—1,758;  1848—1,779;  1849 
—2,140;  1850—3,007;  1851-3400;  1852—4,201;  1853—6,075;  1856—9,835; 
1859— 13475;  1860—13,306;  1863—13,495;  1865—14,376;  1867—16,228;  1869 
—18,113;  1870—19,731;  1873—18,930;  1875—19,166;  1880—21,052;  1885— 
19,654;  1890—20,233;  1895—20,088;  1900—21,954;  1905—20,427. 

The  growth  and  development  of  the  several  towns  in  the  county  by  compari- 
son in  years,  beginning  in  1870  with  those  towns  which  were  large  enough  to  be 
given  in  the  census  reports,  will  make  interesting  reading,  and  the  same  is  here- 
with given: 

AnftmoM   .•..«..  T  #.  r 














M  ontlcello     




O^ord  Jaiictioii 



Onslow        TTT.-.-T-- 


Cant^T  Jnnctton  . . . . . 




In  the  1905  population,  the  towns  are  included  in  the  townships  named. 

I860          1905                                                                       I860  1905 

C*«8     597            778      Montlcello     886  2,954 

Castle  GroTe   559            701      Oxford     697  1,584 

dftv     633            626      Richland    862  814 

Palrvlew   1,249         4,021      Rome 844  1,568 

Greenfield   836            775      Scotch  Grove 736  761 

Hale    570            833      Washlngrton    1,048  553 

Jackson     651            731      Wayne    580  919 

Uadlson    565            981      Wyoming    1,144  1,828 

Total  1860 13,306 

Total  1905 20,427 

Digitized  by 



The  following  statistics  in  regard  to  the  crops  and  produce  of  Jones  county, 
were  taken  from  the  official  census  of  Iowa  for  1905 : 

Name  of  Product  Acres 

Corn    86»534 

Wheat     662 

Oats    27,486 

Barley 7,684 

Rye     872 

Buckwheat    116 

Clover  haj 1,185 

Timothy  hay 50,017 

Millet  and  Hungarian 246 

Alfalfa    9 

Wild  hay   566 

Other  forage  crops 

Other  farm  crops 

Clover  seed   46 

Timothy   seed    557 

Other  grass  seeds 

Irish  potatoes 

Sweet  potatoes   

Sweet  corn    






Chickens    208,505t 

Other  fowls 12,325t 

Eggs    684,547t 

Dairy  products   


















































•  Tons,     t  Number. 

TAX  LEVIES  FOR   1909. 
The  following  is  the  tax  levy  for  Jones  county,  as  fixed  by  the  board  of  su- 
pervisors for  1909.  at  their  regular  meeting  in  September. 


Mills  Mills 

State    8.4       Cass    3.5 

State  university 2       Castle  Grove 3.5 

Agricultural   college    2       Clay    4 

State  normal    1       Falrvlew    4 

County    3.8       Greenfield    8 

Poor   1  Hale   3 

Bridge    5  Jacicson    4 

Road     1  Lovell     4 

Soldiers'  relief 8       Madison    8.5 

School    1  Oxford   8.5 

Insane    1  Rome    4 

Richland    8 

Total    16  Scotch  Grove  8.5 

Wayne    4 

Washington   4 

Wyoming   4 


























Corporations — 


.      10 





, , 

. , 


Center  Junction  . . 



, , 

, . 

, , 

, . 



.      10 



, , 

,  , 



.        5 

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Oxford  Junction  . . 

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, , 












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, , 

, , 

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. , 


, , 

, , 

^ , 

,  ^ 


Wett  Cascade 

.      10 






Digitized  by 








Cass  township   

Castle  GroTe  township  . . . 

Fairview  township 

Hale    township    

Richland   township   

Rome  township   

Scotch  Oroye  township  . . . 
Washington  township  . . . . 

Wayne  township   

Independent  Districts — 


Center  Junction 




Oxford  Junction   


West   Cascade    

Clay  township — 

Clay   Mills    

Defiance  Hill    

Mineral  Valley  (no  levy). 

Pleasast  Hill   


South  Temple  Hill   


White  Oak  Grove 

Greenfield  township — 

Bunker  Hill   

Cherry    Grove    

Cottage  Hill   


Hazel   Hill    

Laurel    Hill    


No.  1   

West  Comer 

White  Oak   

Jackson  township — 


Black  Oak 

Brushwood  (no  levy) 


fTazel  Green   



Pleasant  Hill 

Pleasant  Valley  


T^vell  township — 

No.  1    

No.  2 

No.  3   

No.  ."^   

No.  6 

No.  7 

No.  8 

No.  9 

Madison  township — 

Madison    Center    

Madison  Village 

Maple  Grove 


Oak  Grove    

Pine  Grove 

South  Madison 

Oxford  township — 

No.  1 

No.  2 
No.  3 
No.  5 
No.  6 
No.  7 








Wyoming  township— 

Baldwin   (no  levy) 

Beers  Creek    

Pence  Ridge   

Pleasant   Ridge    


South  Prairie 


Canton  (Jackson  Co.) . . 
Dayton  (Cedar  Cb.)  8. 











OQ  S 


























•  Bond. 

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Almost  every  western  county  has  found  the  location  of  a  permanent  seat  of 
justice  and  of  government  one  of  the  vexatious  problems  which  beset  organized 
society.    In  this  respect  Jones  county  has  not  been  an  exception. 

The  commissioners  appointed  by  the  legislature  for  the  purpose  of  choosing 
a  site  for  a  county  seat  fixed  upon  a  spot  one  half  mile  north  of  the  geographical 
center  of  the  county,  as  is  related  on  another  page  of  this  history.  The  town  here 
laid  out  received  the  name  of  Edinburg.    As  yet  we  cannot  say  with  Bums 

"Edina!    Scotia's  darling  seat! 
All  hail  thy  palaces  and  towers!" 

The  palaces  and  towers  did  not  grow.  The  soil  was  obstinate.  A  quagmire 
was  its  only  park ;  the  wild  prairie  its  only  scenery.    A  visitor  thus  describes  it : 

**Edinburgh  was  a  city  of  grass.  Its  streets  run  in  all  directions.  In  fact,  it 
was  all  street.  You  could  wander  over  its  entire  extent  without  getting  sight  of 
a  single  wall — brick,  stone  or  wood.  The  earth  below  and  the  blue  vault  above 
were  the  only  signs  that  the  place  was  intended  for  human  habitation ;  and,  as  all 
cities  require  ornament  of  some  kind,  a  bounteous  nature  had  planted  there  and 
reared  a  few  scattering  trees.    Such  was  Edinburgh  in  the  summer  of  1840." 

A  I05  cabin  ^was  erected  as  a  courthouse,  commodious  in  size  for  the  then 
sparse  population  of  Jones  county,  in  which  Judge  Wilson  dispensed  the  justice 
meted  out  to  territorial  settlers  by  the  federal  court.  In  April,  1841,  we  find  by 
the  commissioners*  record,  that  E.  Sutherland  was  allowed  one  hundred  and  forty 
dollars  for  building  this  primitive  capitol  building,  and  a  few  months  later,  James 
Spencer  appears  as  a  claimant  for  fifty  dollars  on  account  of  work  done  in  ren- 
dering comfortable  this  same  building. 

Another  log  cabin  was  erected  by  William  Hutton,  who  was,  at  that  time, 
commissioners'  clerk,  as  well  as  clerk  of  the  district  court.  This  cabin  was  occu- 
pied as  a  dry  goods  store  and  grocery,  especially  the  latter,  which  was  stocked 
mostly  with  **corn  juice."  The  store  not  proving  a  profitable  investment,  was 
soon  abandoned,  and  the  same  enterprising  clerk  erected  a  two-story  frame  hotel, 
where  he  might  entertain  the  judge,  jury  and  witnesses  by  night  after  record- 
ing their  doings  by  day.  This  hotel  is  said  to  have  been  furnished  with  nothing 
save  a  few  chairs ;  a  sheet-iron  parlor  stove ;  the  public  table  made  of  two  rough 
boards  laid  lengthwise ;  and  by  way  of  night's  lodging,  a  load  or  two  of  nice  prai- 
rie hay,  cut  a  few  hours  previously,  and  pitched  into  the  upper  windows. 

Edinburg  seems  to  have  had  no  advantages  over  a  dozen  other  places,  save 
its  central  location.  It  manifested  no  signs  of  growth,  and  the  people  rapidly 
became  dissatisfied.  Other  towns  were  growing  up  in  the  county,  and  it  was  but 
natural  that  the  pioneers  should  prefer  going  to  some  settlement  when  they  visited 
the  county  seat,  instead  of  journeying  out  into  the  wilderness.  No  county  officer 
made  it  his  residence  throughout  the  year.  William  Hutton,  the  clerk,  lived  at 
Farm  Creek.  The  recorder  was  to  be  found  at  Fairview,  and  probate  business 
received  attention  at  Cascade.  This  state  of  affairs  naturally  bred  discontent. 
Nobody  was  satisfied,  not  even  the  county  officers  themselves.  Finally  a  petition 
was  sent  to  the  legislature  for  relief,  and  a  bill  was  passed  in  that  body,  providing 

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that  the  commissioners  of  Jones  county  should  assemble  and  name  two  places  to 
be  voted  upon  by  the  citizens,  deciding  in  that  way  their  choice  of  a  county  seat. 

February  28,  1846,  the  commissioners  held  a  special  meeting  at  the  house  of 
George  G.  Banghart  for  that  purpose.  By  a  species  of  playing  into  one  another's 
hands,  now  commonly  known  as  log-rolling,  the  commissioners  arranged  mat- 
ters to  suit  their  individual  preferences,  and  named  the  point  now  known  as 
Newport,  and  a  place  adjoining  Cascade,  on  the  south  side  of  the  river,  now  lo- 
cally known  as  Dale's  Ford.  The  latter  was  in  the  corner  of  the  county.  There 
were  about  a  dozen  votes  cast  at  this  farce  election,  and  Newport  received  the 
majority  of  the  votes.  The  result  was  viewed  rather  in  the  light  of  a  joke. 
There  was  a  solitary  dwelling  where  Newport  was  to  be  laid  out,  the  lone  cabin  of 
Adam  Overacker. 

May  II,  1846,  the  county  commissioners  held  their  first  meeting  at  the  new 
seat  of  justice.  The  ground  on  which  Newport  was  located  was  given*  by  Adam 
Overacker  to  the  county,  being  a  ten-acre  tract  described  as  lot  2,  section  33, 
township  84,  range  3  west.  Here  the  town  was  duly  platted  under  date  of  July 
2,  1846,  by  G.  G.  Banghart,  Adam  Kramer  and  Adam  Overacker,  and  in  the  same 
month,  at  sheriff's  sale,  twenty-eight  lots  were  sold  in  behalf  of  the  county.  The 
proceeds  of  this  sale  aggregated  three  hundred  dollars  and  .twelve  cents,  or  an 
average  of  less  than  eleven  dollars  per  lot.  The  highest  price  paid  was  twenty- 
six  dollars  by  Levi  Cronkhite. 

Preparations  were  nrvade  here  for  the  erection  of  a  log  courthouse,  and  some 
of  the  timbers  were  placed  on  the  ground,  but  nothing  was  ever  done  toward  its 
completion.  The  commissioners  rented  a  room  from  Adam  Overacker  for  their 
meeting,  and  made  arrangements  with  him  to  supply  rooms  to  accommodate  the 
court  at  the  proper  season. 

When  Judge  Wilson  reached  the  spot  and  found  there  was  no  place  prepared 
for  holding  court,  save  in  a  room  in  a  log  shanty ;  saw  no  other  house  in  the  vicin- 
ity, and  naught  in  view  save  trees  and  waving  prairie  grass,  he  got  into  his  buggy 
and  drove  back  to  his  home  in  Dubuque.  No  term  of  court  was  held  during  the 
time  the  county  seat  was  at  Newport.  The  result  of  the  election  which  fixed  upon 
Newport  as  the  seat  of  the  county,  was  generally  regarded  as  a  joke.  It  satisfied 
no  one  except  Adam  Overacker,  and  was  much  less  suited  to  the  needs  of  the 
county  than  Edinburg.  As  soon  as  possible,  the  assistance  of  the  legislature  was 
again  called  in,  and  the  privilege  was  granted  by  that  body  to  vote  for  a  county 
seat,  according  to  their  own  inclinations.  If  this  election  should  not  show  a  ma- 
jority for  any  one  point,  a  second  election  should  be  held,  in  which  the  two  places 
having  the  greatest  number  of  votes  in  the  first  election  should  be  the  only  ones 
in  the  field. 

In  the  first  election  held  under  this  grant  by  the  legislature,  in  the  spring  of 
1847,  five  points  were  returned,  viz. :  Lexington,  Newport,  Rome,  Monticello  and 
Scotch  Grove.  No  votes  were  given  to  Edinburg.  Newport  and  Lexington 
stood  highest,  and  in  the  second  contest,  about  two  weeks  later,  a  victory  resulted 
m  favor  of  Lexington,  whose  name  was  afterward  changed  to  Anamosa  by  au- 
thority of  Judge  Wilson,  of  the  district  court. 

After  the  election,  the  commissioners  met  at  Edinburg,  June  10,  1847.  They 
adjourned   until  7  o'clock,  June  nth,   when   they   immediately  took  a  recess  to 

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meet  at  i  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  at  Lexington.  We  might  therefore  say  that 
this  town  became  the  county  seat  between  7  a.  m.  and  i  p.  m.,  June  11,  1847.  The 
house  of  G.  H.  Ford  was  temporarily  secured  for  court  purposes  and  the  transac- 
tion of  county  business. 

Lexington  had  been  surveyed  by  R.  J.  Qeveland  June  18,  1846.  with  Mahan 
&  Crockwell  as  proprietors.  It  was  replatted,  with  provision  for  a  public  square, 
in  June,  1847,  by  H.  Mahan,  John  D.  Crockwell  and  G.  H.  Ford,  who,  in  accor- 
dance with  a  previous  pledge,  donated  to  the  county  of  Jones  fifty  lots  of  the  new 
town  and  a  public  square.  Of  these  lots,  forty-eight  were  sold  at  the  July  term  of 
the  commissioners*  board  realizing  to  the  county  seven  hundred  and  twenty-five 

The  contract  for  building  a  two-story  frame  courthouse  was  let  to  G.  H.  Ford 
at  eight  hundred  dollars.  This  building  was  thirty  by  forty  feet,  and  could  not 
have  been  built  at  so  low  a  price  had  it  not  been  that  most  of  the  necessary  ma- 
terial was  already  donated  to  the  county.  This  courthouse  was  first  occupied 
January  3,  1848. 

Various  attempts  have  been  made  in  later  years  to  remove  the  county  seat 
from  Anamosa  to  a  more  central  locality. 

In  the  vote  of  April  6,  1857,  a  contest  was  waged  between  Anamosa  and 
Madison,  with  a  result  of  one  thousand  and  twenty-four  to  seven  hundred  and 
seventeen  in  favor  of  the  former. 

In  the  following  year,  an  attempt  to  remove  the  seat  of  justice  to  the  northeast 
quarter  of  section  i,  Jackson  township,  failed  by  a  majority  of  thirty-three  votes. 
The  ballot  stood  one  thousand,  two  hundred  and  seventy-eight  to  one  thousand, 
two  hundred  and  forty-five. 

In  October,  1874,  the  people  of  the  county  were  called  upon  to  decide  between 
Anamosa  and  Center  Junction.  The  contest  was  a  bitter  one  and  not  without 
some  fear  on  the  part  of  the  friends  of  Anamosa.  The  latter,  however,  were 
successful  by  a  vote  of  one  thousand,  nine  hundred  and  ninety-three  to  one  thou- 
sand five  hundred  and  ninety-two.  Center  Junction  had  selected  the  site  of  the 
new  courthouse  which  was  to  be  where  Dr.  J.  M.  Young's  residence  now  stands, 
north  and  east  of  the  C.  M.  &  St.  P.  depot. 

About  1880  or  a  few  years  later,  Wyoming  was  found  with  the  county  seat 
bee  buzzing  within  her  borders.  Petitions  were  in  active  circulation,  preparations 
were  in  progress  for  the  erection  of  the  new  courthouse  "on  the  brow  of  the  hill, 
on  the  west  side  of  the  creek  which  runs  through  the  center  of  the  town."  But 
this  contest  did  not  reach  a  vote. 

There  has  been  no  further  active  contest  for  the  removal  of  the  county  scat 
from  the  present  county  capital. 


The  courthouse  at  Lexington  as  above  mentioned,  built  by  G.  H.  Ford,  was  far 
in  advance  of  any  county  structure  up  to  that  time.  The  building  was  completed 
according  to  the  terms  and  accepted,  and  for  the  first  time  Jones  county  had  a 
courthouse  that  could  boast  of  more  than  one  room.  Here  were  installed  the 
county  offices,  clerk,  treasurer,  recorder,  sheriff  and  school  commissioner,  each 

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in  his  own  apartment ;  and  people  were  no  longer  required  to  hunt  up  the  clerk 
at  Farm  Creek,  the  recorder  at  Fairview,  the  sheriff  at  Bowen's  Prairie,  or  the 
treasurer  and  school  commissioner  miles  away  in  other  townships. 

And  so  it  continued  to  be  until  January,  1864,  when  the  building  having  grown 
old  and  needing  repairs  from  time  to  time,  the  county  having  increased  in  popu- 
lation, and  the  county  offices  becoming  cramped  for  room  by  the  accumulation 
of  books  of  record,  and  the  danger  of  quick  destruction  in  case  of  fire,  which  any 
evil-minded  person  might  bring  about,  the  board  of  supervisors  accepted  a  prop- 
osition to  remove  the  records  and  fixtures  to  the  then  new  brick  block  up  town 
belonging  to  H.  C.  Metcalf. 

Though  the  old  building  did  good  service  for  the  county  for  some  eighteen 
years,  yet  it  was  not  free  from  the  gnawings  of  the  "tooth  of  time."  The  action 
of  the  board  at  the  January  meeting,  1864,  was  as  follows,  and  it  will  be  seen  that 
the  report  of  the  commissioners,  Messrs.  B.  K.  Bronson,  F.  M.  Hicks  and  John 
Tallman,  was  in  a  somewhat  humorous  vein : 

"Whereas,  H.  C.  Metcalf  has  generously  offered  to  Jones  county  suitable  rooms 
for  county  offices  and  a  commodious  hall  in  which  to  hold  the  district  court,  for 
the  term  of  two  years  free  of  rent,  with  the  privilege  of  using  the  same  three 
years  longer  for  such  rent  as  the  board  of  supervisors  may  see  fit  to  allow,  and, 

*'Whereas,  The  ruinous  and  dilapidated  condition  of  the  building  known  as 
the  Jones  county  courthouse,  now  only  renders  it  a  fit  habitation  for  bats  and 
owls,  and  as  we,  the  representatives  of  Jones  county,  do  not  desire  longer  to  dis- 
pute possession  with  a  class  of  tenants  whose  claims  ?.re  vastly  superior  to  ours, 

"Resolved,  That  this  board  accept  said  proposition  and  order  a  removal  of 
the  public  records  as  soon  as  said  Metcalf  shall  make  to  the  county  the  lease  of 
the  aforesaid  rooms,  in  accordance  with  the  conditions  above  stated." 

This  resolution  was  finally  adopted  on  the  sixth  day  of  the  term,  January, 
1864.  The  old  courthouse  was  sold  at  auction,  November  15,  1864,  to  Alderman 
ft  Williams  for  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  and  was  moved  up  town. 

On  February  14,  1875,  the  career  of  this  historic  structure  was  ended  by  fire. 
It  had  been  built  when  the  county  had  less  than  two  thousand  population  and  in 
its  limited  way,  it  had  served  its  purpose,  and  the  flames  were  unkind  in  hiding 
from  the  view  of  the  later  population,  the  structure  which  in  the  early  career  of 
the  county,  had  been  accorded  the  name  of  "courthouse." 

The  rooms  rented  of  Mr.  Metcalf  were  occupied  free  of  rent  for  two  years, 
when  they  were  leased  at  the  rate  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  per  year.  The 
county  offices  remained  here  until  the  fall  of  1871,  when  they  were  removed  to 
their  present  location  in  Shaw's  new  block.  The  courtroom  was  removed  to 
Lehmkuhl's  block  in  January,  1871,  the  hall  in  Metcalf 's  building  being  inade- 
quate to  the  needs  of  the  county.  For  three  years,  the  county  rented  the  rooms 
occupied  by  the  county.  During  the  time  of  the  contest  for  the  county  seat  with 
Center  Junction,  in  1874,  Anamosa  in  its  corporate  capacity  appropriated  three 
thousand  dollars  and  private  citizens  subscribed  two  thousand  dollars  more,  with 
which  amount  and  one  thousand  dollars  additional  pledged,  the  entire  second 
floor  of  Shaw's  block  and  the  auditor's  office  on  the  first  floor  were  purchased  and 
conveyed  to  the  county  of  Jones,  to  belong  to  said  county  so  long  as  they  were 

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occupied  for  county  and  court  purposes.  In  the  event  that  the  county  seat  is  re- 
moved from  Anamosa,  these  rooms  are  to  revert  to  their  former  owners,  the  city 
and  citizens  of  Anamosa.  Arrangements  were  later  made  for  the  occupancy  of 
the  second  room  on  the  lower  floor  for  the  county  treasurer's  office  at  an  annual 
rental  of  three  hundred  dollars.    This  arrangement  is  yet  in  effect. 

There  have  been  no  further  changes  in  the  apartments  for  the  county  and 
district  court  purposes.  The  building  and  rooms  do  not  compare  very  favorably 
with  the  modern  and  commodious  brick  courthouses  of  some  of  the  newer  coun- 
ties of  the  state,  though  the  building  is  serving  its  purpose  without  much  expense 
to  the  taxpayers  of  the  county.  ^ 


The  offices  are  provided  with  fire-proof  vaults  for  the  security  of  the  county 
records,  and  some  of  the  offices,  notably  the  clerk's  office,  have  been  equipped  with 
modern  cases  to  store  the  records,  H.  G.  A,  Harper,  the  present  clerk,  has  sys- 
tematized the  records  of  his  office,  and  by  so  doing  has  made  the  records  of  the 
office  of  some  practical  value.  Louis  Gardner,  the  present  auditor,  has  in  a  like 
manner,  given  to  the  routine  work  of  his  office,  and  to  the  records  of  his  office, 
a  much  needed  revision  and  systematizing.  It  must  be  admitted  that  the  older 
county  records  are  very  incomplete  and  unsatisfactory.  The  present  courthouse 
is  not  a  *'thing  of  beauty  and  a  joy  forever,"  though.the  county  officers  are  doing 
nobly  in  making  it  answer  the  needs  of  the  county.      ,  , 


Jones  county  has  maintained  a  good  system  of  education  during  her  years  of 
settlement.  The  early  settlers  will  yet  speak  in  gloiwing  terms  of  the  advantages 
for  education  offered  by  the  rural  schools  of  the  county  It  may  seem  strange,  but 
it  is  nevertheless  true  that  there  were  more  pupils  cnix)lled  in  the  schools  of  Jones 
county  thirty,  forty  or  even  fifty  years  ago,  than  there  are  at  the  present  time.  In 
the  school  census  of  1867,  there  were  nearly  seven  t}«K!)usand  children  of  school 
age  in  the  county.    At  the  present  time  there  are  about  six  thousand. 

There  are  nine  town  schools  with  a  total  teaching  foroe  of  sixty-three  teachers 
and  a  total  number  of  pupils  of  about  two  thousand,  five  hundred  There  are 
about  one  hundred  and  thirty  rural  schools  with  a  rural  school  population  of  over 
three  thousand.  Every  rural  school  is  now  provided  vath  a  school  library.  All 
but  one  graded  school  has  a  library.  Every  spring,  applicants  for  rural  gradua- 
tion meet  for  the  purpose  of  examination  in  the  common  branches.  Those  who 
pass  the  examination  are  admitted  to  the  high  school?  of  the  county  without 
further  examination.    Uniform  county  text-books  are  used  in  the  county. 

The  general  assembly  has  shorn  the  county  superintendent  of  many  of  the 
duties  which  formerly  were  required  in  the  office.  All  examination  papers  are 
now  passed  upon  by  a  state  board  of  examiners,  and  the  competency  of  the  appli- 
cant for  a  teacher's  certificate  determined.  This  relieves  the  county  superin- 
tendent of  some  onerous  duties,  but  it  adds  to  the  complexity  of  the  machinery 
required  to  grind  out  a  teacher's  certificate. 

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The  present  county  superintendent,  Miss  Kate  Maurice,  is  the  first  lady  to  oc- 
cupy that  office  in  Jones  county.  She  is  now  serving  her  second  term  in  that 
capacity,  and  to  all  intents  and  purposes,  the  schools  of  the  county  are  receiving 
that  careful  attention  necessary  for  educational  development.  Miss  Maurice  be- 
gan her  teaching  experience  in  the  rural  schools  of  Jones  county,  and  later  taught 
in  the  graded  schools  of  Monticello,  Ames,  Des  Moines  and  other  points.  She 
was  bom  and  raised  in  this  county  and  makes  a  conscientious  and  painstaking 

We  give  herewith  a  list  of  the  rural  and  graded  schools  of  the  county,  together 
with  the  number  of  pupils  in  the  township  or  district,  and  also  the  number  en-, 
rolled,  and  also  other  data.  The  school  tax  levy  will  be  found  under  the  title  "The 
Tax  Levies  for  1909,"  on  another  page. 

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Attention  has  been  given  to  the  religious  and  social  conditions  in  Jones  county, 
and  it  will  form  an  interesting  chapter  to  review  the  political  situation.  A  gov- 
ernment of  the  people,  by  the  people  and  for  the  people  cannot  well  exist  and 
prosper  without  having  its  principles  supported,  and  this  is  usually  done  by  or- 
ganizations called  political  parties. 

Politically,  Jones  county  has  been  since  1856,  a  republican  county.  The  new 
party  movement  in  1874,  called  the  anti-monopoly  movement,  formed  an  alliance 
with  the  democratic  party,  which  in  1873,  elected  their  ticket  by  from  three  hun- 
dred to  four  hundred  majority.  Some  of  those  on  the  ticket  had  previously  been 
republicans.  They  were  opposed  however,  by  the  regular  republican  nominees, 
and  their  success  was  of  course  a  defeat  of  the  opposite  party. 

The  formal  organization  of  the  republican  party  was  effected  on  the  5th  day 
of  Jrmuary,  1857,  at  a  meeting  held  in  Anamosa  on  that  date,  of  which  C.  L.  D. 
Crockwell  was  chairman,  and  George  Higby,  secretary 

A  committee  to  report  a  plan  of  organization  was  appointed,  composed  of 
A.  H.  Marvin,  of  Monticello;  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  of  Castle  Grove;  W.  S.  Niles, 
of  Madison ;  H.  O.  Brown,  of  Qay ;  J.  S.  Dimmitt,  of  Fairview.  The  committee 
reported  the  following  resolution  which  was  adopted : 

Whereas,  We  have  full  confidence  in  the  national  organization  of  the  republi- 
can party,  and  believe  that  we  should  use  all  honorable  means  for  the  triumph  of 
its  principles ;  therefore, 

Resolved,  That  the  republicans  of  Jones  county  adopt  the  following  course 
for  an  organization  in  said  county:  First,  That  there  be  a  central  committee  of 
three  appointed,  residents  of  Anamosa,  who  shall  constitute  a  board  whose  duty 
it  shall  be  to  call  meetings,  conventions,  etc.,  in  this  county,  and  shall  attend  to 
the  distrihition  of  tickets  at  elections ;  Second,  That  an  e.KCCUtive  committee  of  one 
from  each  township  be  appointed  to  cooperate  with  the  central  committee,  and  to 
call  meetings  in  their  several  townships;  Third,  That  the  central  and  executive 
committees  shall  elect  from  their  number  a  president,  treasurer  and  secretary 

As  this  central  committee,  W.  J.  Henry,  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell  and  J.  S.  Dimmitt 
were  chosen. 

The  following  township  executive  committee  were  chosen :  Milo  Q.  Thompson 
of  Cass;  George  Higby  of  Castle  Grove;  John  Russell  of  Clay;  Pratt  R.  Skinner 
of  Fairview;  Thomas  Goudy  of  Greenfield;  C.  F.  Lewis  of  Hale;  M.  H.  Byerly 
of  Jackson;  John  Xiles  of  Madison;  A.  H.  Marvin  of  Monticello;  Jas.  Kent  of 
Oxford;  A.  G.  Brown  of  Pierce  (now  Wyoming)  ;  Barrett  Whittemore  of  Rich- 
land ;  D.  R.  Carpenter  of  Rome ;  John  E.  Lovejoy  of  Scotch  Grove ;  G.  C.  Mudgett 
of  Wayne. 

A.  H.  Marvin  and  W.  H.  Holmes  were  the  first  delegates  chosen  to  represent 
Jones  county  in  the  republican  state  convention  of  1857. 

It  is  to  be  regretted  that  a  similar  record  cannot  be  given  of  the  formation  and 
organization  of  the  democratic  party  in  Jones  county. 

The  republican  and  the  democratic  parties  have  been  the  leading  political  or- 
ganizations in  Jones  county.  From  the  record  before  U5,  from  1852  down  to  the 
past  election,  the  republican  party  has  carried  the  county  at  every  election,  as  to 

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the  head  of  the  ticket,  except  at  four  elections,  to  wit:  In  1889  Horace  Boies  de- 
feated Hutchinson  for  governor  by  a  vote  of  two  thousand  one  hundred  and 
eight>'-eight  for  Hutchinson,  republican,  to  two  thousand,  two  hundred  and  sixty- 
seven  for  Boies,  democrat ;  again,  in  1891,  Boies,  democrat,  two  thousand,  five  htm- 
dre«l  and  twenty-six  votes  to  two  thousand,  four  hundred  and  twenty-two  for 
Wheeler,  republican ;  in  1892,  Grover  Qeveland,  democrat  for  president,  by  a  vote 
of  two  thousand  four  hundred  and  nineteen  to  two  thousand  four  hundred  and 
fort^  defeated  Benjamin  Harrison,  republican;  and  in  igo6.  Porter,  democrat,  by  a 
vote  of  two  thousand  two  hundred  and  sixty-one,  defeated  Ctmimins,  repubUcan, 
one  tiiousand  eight  hundred  and  sixty-seven,  for  governor.  The  high  mark  of  the 
republican  party  was  in  1868,  when  Grant  defeated  Seymour  by  a  majority  of  one 
thousand  one  hundred  and  twenty-seven;  ag^n  in  1872,  when  Grant  defeated 
Greely  by  a  majority  of  one  thousand  and  forty-eight ;  and  again  in  1880,  when 
Garfield,  republican  for  president  received  two  thousand  six  hundred  and  seven- 
teen votes  as  against  one  thousand  six  hundred  and  twenty-seven  for  Hancodc, 
democrat,  Garfield  receiving  a  majority  of  nine  hundred  and  ninety.  The  next 
highest  mark  was  in  the  presidential  election  in  1900,  when  McKinley,  republican, 
defeated  Bryan,  democrat,  by  a  majority  of  nine  hundred  and  sixty-nine. 

The  vote  on  local  county  nominees  has  not  always  followed  the  vote  for  the 
head  of  the  ticket.  Frequently  there  have  been  several  of  the  county  offices  filled 
by  democrats.  The  vote  the  past  few  years  has  been  very  close.  At  the  present 
time  the  sheriff,  superintendent  of  schools,  recorder,  county  attorney  and  four 
county  supervisors,  are  democrats ;  while  the  auditor,  clerk  of  the  court,  treasurer, 
coroner  and  one  county  supervisor  are  republicans. 

Other  political  parties  have  existed  in  Jones  county,  but  none  have  ever  gath- 
ered much  support.  The  greenback  movement  made  a  small  start,  having  cast 
forty-four  votes  in  1876.  The  prohibition  party  has  developed  some  strength  and 
has  had  a  county  ticket  in  the  field  at  each  election  for  several  years.  At  the 
election  in  1908,  the  prohibition  party  received  fifty-two  votes  in  the  county; 
while  the  socialist  party  cast  twenty-three  votes  and  the  people's  party  received 
two  votes,  both  from  Richland  township. 

The  taxpayers'  party  was  organized  in  Jones  county  through  the  personal  ac- 
tivity of  John  G.  Krouse  of  Madison  township,  in  1897,  and  a  county  ticket  was 
placed  in  the  field.  Although  receiving  promises  of  support,  at  the  election  less 
than  twenty  votes  were  cast  for  the  party.  The  party  platform  enunciated  a 
nimiber  of  good  principles,  but  several  of  its  planks  did  not  meet  with  sufficient 
approval  to  make  it  a  permanent  party. 

There  have  been  a  number  of  quite  aggressive  campaigns.  During  the  presi- 
dential campaigns  of  1888  and  1892,  the  republican  party  was  thoroughly 
organized,  marching  clubs  with  streaming  banners  and  flaming  torches  fired  the 
zeal  of  the  young  voters,  while  the  orators  proclaimed  in  burning  words  the 
calamity  which  would  follow  the  election  of  the  candidates  of  the  opposing  party. 
Several  barbecues  and  ox  roasts  followed  the  victory  in  1892.  The  democratic 
party  conducted  a  "gum  shoe"  campaign  and  with  a  thorough  organization  and 
personal  solicitation,  secured  a  strong  and  influential  following. 

The  practical  workings  of  the  primary  law  has  had  a  tendency  to  demoralize 
the  party  organizations,  and  cripple  the  eflFectiveness  of  the  party,  and  also  stifle 

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the  ambitions  of  candidates  of  limited  means  residing  in  the  lesser  populated 

Since  the  enactment  of  the  primary  election  law,  the  county  convention  has 
become  a  memory.  The  democratic  county  conventions  have  usually  been  con- 
ducted without  much  factional  feeling,  though  there  have  been  exceptions.  The 
last  few  conventions  held  by  the  party  had  developed  quite  an  active  factional 
feeling.  The  Cleveland  and  Bryan  wings,  the  sound  money  and  the  free  silver 
branches,  clashed  on  the  floor  of  the  convention  and  the  question  of  party  di- 
plomacy in  the  selection  of  candidates,  became  an  interesting  one.  The  republican 
county  conventions  likewise  have  been  the  center  of  skillful  party  manipulation, 
and  the  selection  of  candidates,  strenuous.  In  the  convention  in  1903,  fifty-six 
ballots  were  required  to  nominate  a  county  attorney,  the  longest  battle  of  ballots 
in  the  history  of  the  county.  J.  E.  Remley  of  Anamosa,  A.  A.  Cole  of  Olin,  R.  M; 
Corbit  of  Wyoming  and  A.  G.  Bauder  of  Monticello,  were  the  candidates,  the 
latter  receiving  sufficient  votes  to  nominate  on  the  fifty-sixth  ballot.  Each  candi- 
date having  had  his  hearing  on  the  floor  of  the  convention,  harmony  and  good  will 
followed  the  meeting.  The  conventions  and  caucuses  of  the  prohibition  party  have 
been  harmonious  in  the  extreme,  and  the  candidates  have  been  nominated  and 
defeated  without  as  much  as  a  ripple  on  the  surface  of  their  party  waters. 

Notwithstanding  some  indiscretions  in  the  party  nominations,  good  men  have 
uniformly  been  elected  to  office  in  Jones  county.  No  county  officer  has  ever  been 
removed  for  incompetency  or  misconduct,  nor  has  there  ever  been  a  charge  pre- 
ferred against  any  county  officer  for  misconduct  or  inefficiency.  It  is  true  there 
have  been  superior  men  in  office,  and  because  of  this  the  standard  of  the  office 
has  been  raised.  The  best  men  do  not  always  seek  office  or  allow  themselves  to 
be  thrust  into  office.  Neither  do  the  most  competent  candidates  always  secure 
the  election.  It  is  necessary  to  good  government  that  there  should  be  at  least  two 
strong  opposing  political  parties,  and  so  long  as  Jones  county  enjoys  this  necessity, 
the  standard  of  efficiency  in  office  will  be  maintained. 


We  give  below  a  summary  of  the  vote  in  Jones  county,  beginning  with  the 
presidential  election  of  1852,  and  an  annual  vote  since  1878. 

1852 — Pierce,  338;  Scott,  266;  1856 — ^Fremont,  964;  Buchanan,  663;  i860 — 
Lincoln,  R.,  1,453;  Douglas,  D.,  1,097;  ^864 — Lincoln,  1,530;  McClellan,  D., 
941 ;  1868 — Grant,  R.,  2,400;  Seymour,  D.,  1,277;  1872 — Grant,  R.,  2,285 ;  Greeley, 
D.,  1,237;  1876— Hayes,  R.,  2,591 ;  Tilden,  D.,  1,763. 

The  table  below  is  an  abstract  of  the  votes  by  townships  on  the  head  of  the 
ticket,  each  year  down  to  the  last  election  in  1908. 

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2454  I  2167 

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The  first  couple  married  in  Jones  county  were  Thomas  J.  Peak  of  Monticello 
and  Miss  Rebecca  M.  Beardsley.  This  event  of  historic  interest  took  place  on 
Christmas  day,  1839.  The  groom  was  a  native  of  Cheshire  county,  New  Hamp- 
shire, where  he  was  born  September  9,  181 3.  In  1837  he  came  to  Iowa  from 
Illinois  in  company  with  B.  Beardsley,  locating  claims  in  what  is  now  Castle 
Grove  township.  They  returned  to  Illinois  for  the  winter,  and  in  the  following 
April  returned  to  Iowa  and  took  permanent  possession  of  their  claims.  The  bride 
was  a  daughter  of  B.  Beardsley  and  was  born  in  Delaware  county.  New  York. 
Mr.  Peak  died  at  Monticello,  January  8,  1900,  and  Mrs.  Peak  died  at  the  same 
place,  December  24,  1907. 

In  those  pioneer  days,  the  procuring  of  a  marriage  license  was  more  than  a 
formal  matter,  and  was  not  as  easily  obtained  as  now.  Mr.  Peak  had  to  go  to  Sugar 
Grove,  Cedar  county,  Iowa,  a  distance  of  sixty-five  miles  taking  him  four  days. 
But  as  his  mind  was  in  a  happy  frame,  and  his  thoughts  dwelt  on  the  happy  event 
which  was  about  to  take  place  in  his  life,  the  effort  had  its  reward  and  he  felt 
well  repaid  for  his  trouble. 

William  Moore  and  Alvira  Neal,  parents  of  Mrs.  T.  A.  King,  the  present  wife 
of  the  steward  of  the  county  home,  might  have  had  the  distinction  of  being  the 
first  couple  married  in  the  county,  had  it  not  been  that  the  license  was  procured  in 
Dubuque  county.  They  resided  a  short  distance  from  the  Dubuque  county  line, 
and  the  officiating  clergyman  required  the  wedding  couple  to  walk  over  the  line 
into  Dubuque  county  to  be  within  the  jurisdiction  of  the  license,  and  there  just 
over  the  borders  of  Jones  county,  under  the  sheltering  protection  of  a  large 
oak,  in  May,  1839,  they  were  pronounced  man  and  wife  in  the  presence  of  five  of 
their  friends  who  had  accompanied  them  likewise  on  foot. 

The  first  marriage  license  issued  in  Jones  county  was  granted  to  Edmund 
Booth  and  Mary  Ann  Walworth,  July  25,  1840,  and  on  the  following  day  they 
were  married  by  Justice  John  G.  Joslin.  This  is  the  first  marriage  that  appears 
on  the  record  in  the  clerk's  office  at  Anamosa  at  the  present  time.  Anent  the  pro- 
curing of  this  license  also  hang^  a  tale.  Mr.  Booth  went  t6  the  clerk's  house  to 
get  a  permit,  as  it  was  termed,  to  be  married.  The  clerk  was  not  at  home,  and  as 
he  had  no  office  other  than  his  cabin  and  residence,  this  was  naturally  the  place 
where  he  would  be  expected  to  be  found.  Mr.  Booth  was  told  that  the  clerk  was 
cradling  wheat  about  two  miles  north  of  Cascade.  Nothing  daunted,  Mr.  Booth 
set  out  on  foot  in  search  for  the  clerk  who  was  found  working  for  a  man  named 
Brown.  When  Mr.  Booth  got  there,  neither  of  them  had  any  pen  or  pencil  or 
paper  to  write  out  the  permit.  Printed  forms  were  not  then  in  use  in  the  clerk's 
office.  Mr.  Booth  and  Mr.  Clerk  then  returned  to  Cascade  where  the  permit  was 
written  and  signed.  With  a  lighter  heart,  Mr.  Booth  trudged  his  way  homeward 
and  on  July  25,  1840,  the  first  marriage  ceremony  in  the  county  was  performed 
under  the  authority  of  a  Jones  county  license. 

It  is  also  of  interest  to  note  in  connection  with  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Booth 
and  Miss  Walworth  that  the  justice  of  the  peace  was  not  burdened  with  marriage 
information  and  had  no  form  other  than  what  appeared  in  the  newspaper  which 
he  happened  to  have.    The  printed  service  used  in  the  marriage  of  Queen  Vic- 

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toria  and  Prince  Albert,  who  had  been  married  on  February  loth  previous,  was 
in  the  newspaper  which  Justice  Joslin  happened  to  have  in  his  possession.  This 
was  read  by  Justice  Joslin  in  the  ceremony.  Both  the  bride  and  the  groom  were 
deaf  mutes ;  neither  could  speak  a  syllable  or  hear  a  sound.  The  marriage  was 
simplicity  itself.  There  was  no  gorgeous  display  pf  bridal  flowers  and  neither 
was  there  present  a  gjand  retinue  of  bridesmaids  to  make  the  event  similar  in 
splendor  to  the  modem  day  ceremony.  The  union  of  hearts  and  the  cementing  of 
the  lives  was  perfect  in  spirit  and  sufficient  unto  the  day  was  the  happiness  thereof. 

There  were  two  more  marriages  in  the  year  1840.  In  1841  the  number  increased 
to  eleven  for  the  year. 

We  herewith  give  the  names  of  the  parties  married  in  Jones  county,  down 
to  December  30th,  1854,  including  the  first  marriage,  which  is  not  of  record  in 
the  Jones  county  records.  The  other  data  given,  has  been  taken  from  the  rec- 
ords found  in  the  office  of  the  clerk  of  the  district  court. 

Thomas  J.  Peak  to  Rebecca  M.  Beardsley Dec.  25,  1839 

Edmund  Booth  to  Mary  Ann  Walworth July  25,  1840 

James  Dawson,  21,  to  Emily  A.  Wilcox,  29 Nov.  10,  1840 

David  Varvel,  29,  to  Margarett  E.  Beardsley,  22 Dec.  15,  1840 

James  Miller  to  Catherine  MefFord Jan.  4,  1841 

David  McCoy  to  Catherine  Mefford  Jan.    4,  1841 

Richard  J.  Cleaveland,  35,  to  Mary  Elizabeth  Seeley,  26. .  .April    8,  1841 

Francis  Dawson,  27,  to  Jane  Boyd,  19 May  27,  1841 

L.  A.  Simpson  to  Mary  Btmigamer July    i,  1841 

Aquilla  Baugh,  27,  to  Eunice  Emeline  Graft,  17 Aug.  10,  1841 

John  Hannon  to  Anne  Smith Nov.  25,  1841 

Reuben  Bunce  to  Elizabeth  M.  Spencer Nov.  26,  1841 

Wm.  B.  Curtis  to  Marietta  Russel Dec.  26,  1841 

W.  H.  Garrison  to  Rebecca  Cronkhite Dec.  26,  1841 

Thaddeus  M.  Smith,  30,  to  Anna  Maria  Smith,  20 Dec.  29.  1841 

Alvin  Winchel  to  Melinda  Pate Jan.  11,  1842 

Henry  Mann  to  Catherine  Mann May  15,  1842 

Chas.  Benoist  to  Rhoda  Mellinger Aug.     8,  1842 

Willard  Holt  to  Martha  Notrup Sept.  16,  1842 

E.  H.  Warren  to  Lucy  Nurse Jan.  24,  1843 

Joshua  R.  Clark  and  Caroline  M.  Spencer March    4,  1843 

Samuel  Shintaffen  and  Rebecca  Stratton March  26,  1843 

John  C.  Taylor  and  Lucinda  Ann  Hickox Aug.  10,  1843 

Hugh   Simmons  and  Hannah  Simmons Aug.  20,  1843 

Samuel  Starry  and  Rhoda  Bungarner Sept.    9,  1843 

S.   N.  Stylus  and  Mary  Turner Oct.  26,  1843 

M.  H.  Hutton  and  Matilda  V.  Titus Nov.     3,  1843 

Truman  I.  Peet  and  Nancy  Crow Dec.    3,  1843 

Chas.  Romer  and  Anna  Williams Feb.  20,  1844 

Geo.  H.  Brown  and  Mary  Alloway Feb.  22,  1844 

M.  S.  Buckman  and  Hannah  Winchel March  20,  1844 

C.  S.  Turner  and  Caroline  Pate Oct.    8,  1844 

Digitized  by 




Alonzo  B.  Clark  and  Anna  Mann  Nov.    9,  1844 

Solomon  Eliot  and  Minerva  Chaplin Feb.  10,  1845 

Wm.  Dawson  and  Isabella  Boyd April  30,  1845 

A.  Overacter  and  Phebe  Kramer. , Sept.  14,  1845 

Johnson  Knight  and  Ann  Simpson Jan.    3,  1846 

John  Fenal  and  Mary  Kelly Jan.  18,  1846 

C.  H.  Lain  and  Mary  Comwell Feb.     i,  1846 

Nathan  Bumito  and  Jane  Hargadin April  30,  1846 

John   Stevenson   and   Christie   McClain June  16,  1846 

William  Thrapp  and  Joannah  Shearman March  16,  1847 

Geo.  C.  Perkins  and  Elizabeth  Edginton March  30,  1847 

Thomas  Head  and  Catherine  Burk April    3,  1847 

Chester  Hamilton  and  Emeline  K.  Jenks May  20,  1847 

Noah  Aldrich  and  Esther  Hines June  23,  1847 

Michael  Sandouski  and  Sarah  Williams Sept.  30,  1847 

George  M.  Taylor  and  Lavina  Betzer Oct.    4,  1847 

Joseph   Qark  and   Matilda  Ann  Spencer   Oct.    8,  1847 

Commodore  Gilkison  and  Eliza  Mershon Dec.    9,  1847 

David  Scott  and  Emily  Lock Dec.    9,  1847 

Corydon  Chaplin  and  Hannah  Rooney Jan.    8,  1848 

Geo.  Falls  and  Mary  Rooney Jan.    8,  1848 

Elias  V.  Miller  and  Susanna  Grand Jan.  13,  1848 

Aaron  Smith  and  Mary  Ann  Johnson Feb.  17,  1848 

Daniel  Livingstone,  Jr.,  and  Mary  Jane  Balch March    9,  1848 

Elam  RafFerty  and  Evaline  Graflford March  12,  1848 

David  W^  Graft  and  Christina  Byerly March  30,  1848 

C.  H.  Mershon  and  Leah  Grauel.^ April    i,  1848 

Filden  Hazelrig  and  Lydia  P.  Harvey April    4,  1848 

Orin  Scoville  and  Lydia  Hines April  11,  1848 

Miles  Russel  and  Jane  C.  Randall  April  13,  1848 

John  L.  Williams  and  Dianah  Knight    April  16,  1848 

O.  P.  Sant  and  N.  L.  Tryon May    3,  1848 

Ezra  C.  Tracy  and  Mary  Schelly May  21,  1848 

Wm.  Howard  and  Jane  Freed June  11,  1848 

Wm.  F.  Sosbe  and  C.  M.  Bodenhofer June  15,  1848 

William  F.  Hohimer  and  Mary  Lupton Aug.  20,  1848 

Richard  Roe  and  Juliet  Taylor Aug.  31,  1848 

Isaac  Garrison  and  Almeda  Lamunion Sept.    6,  1848 

Patrick  Mahon  and  Ellen  Glenn Sept.    7,  1848 

Wm.  W.  Walrods  and  Julien  Hicks Sept.  14,  1848 

John  Lang  and  Bridget  Devaney Sept.  30,  1848 

Geo.  Hansen  and  Hannah  Shearman Nov.  23,  1848 

Andrew  Stinger  and  Emily  A.  Dawson Dec.  17,  1848 

Alexander  Hamilton  and  Louisa  Houseman Dec.  25,  1848 

Jos.  Gilford  and  Penina  Spencer Dec.  28,  1848 

John  E.   Holmes  and  Catherine  Livingstone Feb.  15,  1849 

Wm.  C.  Hatcherson  and  Sarah  Miller Feb.  18,  1849 

Digitized  by 



Joshua  Benadom  and  Caroline  Frary    Feb.  26,  1849 

Malachi  Kelly  and  Margaret  Leonard April     8,  1849 

Ezekiel  Grandon  and  Eliza  Smith June  16,  1849 

Richard  Green  and  Harriet  Lewis July    4,  1849 

Jos.  F.  Berry  and  Lucinda  Osborn July  15,  1849 

Peter  Smith  and  Mary  Lawless Aug.  12,  1849 

James  Wood  and  Mary  A.  Hampton Aug.  18,  1849 

John  Scheck  and  Mary  E.  Bodenhofer Aug.  27,  1849 

Wm.  Jardine  and  Rachel  Vice Sept.  16,  1849 

Wm.  J.  Hester  and  Margaret  J.  Gilbert Sept.  24,  1849 

John  Scott  and  Mary  Ann  Choppin Nov.  1 1,  1849 

Henry  Knight  and  Betsy  McKeever Dec.     9,  1849 

Flaville  Scoville  and  Cornelia  Hoyt Dec.     9,  1849 

Simon  Grauel  and  Rhoda  Miller Dec.    9,  1849 

Wm.  Sterling  and  Ann  Parsons Dec.  25,  1849 

Harvey  F.  Dalton  and  Manda  Selder Dec.  2T,  1849 

John  Harcourt  and  Lucinda  Snook Dec.  27,  1849 

Richard  Durgan  and  Thankful  A.  Tompkins  Jan.     i,  1850 

Orrin  Harvey  and  Mary  Jane  Ryan Jan.     8,  1850 

John  Cook  and  Lydia  Henin Jan.  17,  1850 

Simeon  Green  and  Sarah  Wright Jan.  20,  1850 

Chas.  White  and  Mary  Ellen  Crow Feb.     i,  1850 

George  Graft  and  Mary  Seely March  16,  1850 

Edward  Hansen  and  Louisa  Boyd March  31,  1850 

Daniel  Livingstone  and  Mary  Hippie April     4,  1850 

Geo.  W.  Peters  and  Emeline  Winchel April  21,  1850 

Henry  Kaffitz  and  Louisa  Hamilton April  25,  1850 

Peasly  Hoyt  and  Hannah  Mitchell June  26,  1850 

Wm.  M.  Wilcox  and  Amanda  Gamberton July    4,  1850 

James  Dorrigan  and  Mary  Lynch Aug.     4,  1850 

Edward  Reese  and  Martha  Joslin Aug.     4,  1850 

John  N.  Garrison  and  Elizabeth  Cole Aug.     8,  1850 

Ira  Bates  and  Elizabeth  Spear Sept.  12,  1850 

Joseph  Miller  and  Rebecca  Grauel Oct.  10.  1850 

William  Niles  and  Louisa  Warrington Oct.  20.  1850 

John  Alspach  and  Mary  Ann  Renfrew Nov.  20,  1850 

Patrick  O'Bryan  and  Catherine  Farley Nov.  24,  1850 

Israel  Fisher  and  Maria  Antoinette  Crane Dec.  15,  1850 

Pratt  R.  Skinner  and  Mary  A.  Lagourgue Dec.  25,  1850 

James  Stingley  and  Nancy  McCormick Jan.  15,  185 1 

Caleb  B.  Rigby  and  Sarah  Libbold Jan.  30,  1851 

Thos.  Byers  and  Lucinda  Kramer Feb.     7,  1851 

John  C.  Taylor  and  Marriet  Shearman Feb.     9.  1851 

James  W.  Selder s  and  Lavina  E.  Lockwood March     4,  1851 

Chancey  Conklin  and  Catherine  Smith March    4,  1851 

Jeremiah  Lockwood  and  Hannah  Bachelder April     3,  1851 

Wm.  Whitlach  and  Hulda  A.   Phillips April    6.  1851 

Digitized  by 




Jacob  Rearick  and  Christy  McClain April    6,  1851 

Joseph  Mann  and  Caliphima  O.  Peet May    3,  1851 

Harvey  Garrison  and  Amanda  H.  Ayres June  13,  1851 

Burt  Smith  and  Irena  A.  Reed July    3,  1851 

James  Ridings  and  Charlotte  Sutherland July  24,  1851 

James  Mann  and  Elizabeth  Winchel Aug.  26,  1851 

Robert  Keneday  and  Mary  Ann  Hogan Aug.  30,  1851 

J.  W.  Singer  and  Caroline  Bassett Sept.     3,  1851 

Thos.  Porter  and  Nary  A.  Craft Sept.  16,  1851 

Jesse  M.  Davis  and  Rosan  Belong Sept.  24,  1851 

Samuel  Michel  and  Sutha  Wright Sept.  25,  1851 

Myron  Sarton  and  E.  A.  Wilhite Sept.  29,  1851 

E.  Waldren  and  Elmina  Bibby Oct.     5,  1851 

labus  Starry  and  Eleanor  Simpson Oct.  17,  1851 

Thomas  Simpson  and  Louisa  Robinson Oct.  26,  1851 

Andrew  I.  McFry  and  Mary  Hutton Nov.     i,  1851 

Benjamin  Lake  and  Anna  Smith Nov.     8,  1851 

Lewis  Ingraham  and  Susan  Romini Nov.  15,  1851 

Thos.  McKeever  and  Mary  Cahill Dec.     3,  1851 

Erastus  Munger  and  Rebecca  Pence Dec.  11,  1851 

Jacob  R.  Betzer  and  Rebecca  Stover Jan.  19,  1852 

John  Beatty  and  Mary  Jane  Thomas Jan.  29,  1852 

Eldad  Cooley  and  Sarah  McRill Jan.  29,  1852 

Philip  A.  Lewis  and  Margaret  Jane  Cronkhite Feb.  11,  1852 

Thomas  Smith  and  Margaret  Jane  Burke Feb.  13,  1852 

William  Ward  and  Sarah  Carey Feb.  26,  1852 

John  Cole  and  Rebecca  Bumbumer March     7,  1852 

James  P.  Crawford  and  Minerva  Strode March  14,  1852 

Henry  Cole  and  Mary  Simpson March  17,  1852 

Geo.  Clymer  and  EHzabeth  Myers March  18,  1852 

Michael  Stover  and  Catherine  Betzer March  28,  1852 

Benj.  Abrams  and  Mary  Foust March  30,  1852 

C.  L.  Camberton  and  Sarah  M.  Parker May    4,  1852 

Amos  Roe  and  Eliza  A.  Foust, May  15,  1852 

Peter  Hughes  and  Julia  Hughes May  18,  1852 

William  Caldwell  and  Sarah  Barnhill May  24,  1852 

Wesley  Cooper  and  Philena  Cole June     i,  1852 

J.  C.  Bell  and  Margaret  Sinclair June    8,  1852 

Geo.  Hotz  and  Catherine  Weaver June  10,  1852 

Alfred  L.  Warrington  and  Catherine  Scott July  19,  1852 

Wm.  Sutherland  and  Mary  E.  Hutton July  20,  1852 

Selden  Harding  and  Sarah  Ann  Pindell Aug.     i,  1852 

William  Walston  and  Sarah  Waite Aug.  12,  1852 

Joseph  Mann  and  Betsy  Mann Aug.  14,  1852 

William  Stivers  and  Emily  Baugh Aug.  22,  1852 

James  P.  Tibbets  and  Lois  Ann  Cooley Aug.  24,  1852 

Edward  Troy  and  Honora  Mullady Aug.  26,  1852 

Digitized  by 



Levi  K.  Miller  and  Mary  Ann  Green Sept.     7,  1852 

Mathias  H.  Houstman  and  Agnes  Merritt Oct.    9,  1852 

John  W.  Wagner  and  Nancy  Jane  Soesbe Oct.  12,  1852 

H.  Burns  and  Sarah  Pute Oct.  19,  1852 

William  I.  Patterson  and  Electa  M.  Damont Oct.  21,  1852 

John  Easterly  and  Anna  Myers Oct.  22,  1852 

Wm.  F.  Arnold  and  Orpha  Alspach Nov.  13,  1852 

Joseph  Porter  and  Abigail  Brooks Nov.  15,  1852 

Alexander  Beatty  and  Mary  E.  South Nov.  17,  1852 

C.  T.  Samson  and  M.  M.  Crane Nov.  19,  1852 

Samuel  S.  Buxton  and  Mary  A.  Skinner Dec.  16,  1852 

John  M.  Taylor  and  Elizabeth  Lucas Dec.  16,  1852 

Allison  Jeffries  and  Hannah  Myers Dec.  19,  1852 

Henry  Miller  and  Harriet  Jeffries Dec.  19,  1852 

C.   B.   Moses  and   Catherine  Sutherland    Dec.  23,  1852 

John  Mitchell  and  Harriet  Street Dec.  25,  1852 

William  Haddock  and  Sarah  Cornwall .Dec.  25,  1852 

James  Wilson  and  Cynthia  M.  Silsbee Jan.     i,  1853 

James  Curren  and  Martha  Jane  Bennight Jan.     7,  1853 

Andrew  Soper  and  Sarah  Brundage Jan.  19,  1853 

Ross  Porter  and  Sarah  Jane  Brown  Jan.  20,  1853 

O.  G.  Randall  and  Fidelia  Eastman Feb.     2.  1853 

Joseph  Merritt,  Jr.,  and  Rebecca  Merrit March      ,  1853 

John  Byers  and  Mary  E.  Graham March  27,  1853 

James  Olmstead  and  Lucy  G.  Hannah April  12,  1853 

Thomas  Silsby  and  Susanna  Conaly April  21,  1853 

Abram  Miller  and  Caroline  Freeman May    7,  1853 

Jacob  Lamb  and  Mary  Jane  Easterly May    8,  1853 

Joseph  Gerard  and  Rebecca  Coleman June  16,  1853 

David   Kenison  and   Emily  Sheffield June  20,  1853 

William  Gillilan  and  Martha  Parsons July  17,  1853 

Isaac  N.  Plummer  and  Mary  E.  Strode July  20,  1853 

Timothy  Soper  and  Adelia  Maria  Starkweather   Aug.     3,  1853 

Jos.  M.  Miller  and  Mary  Jane  Strawn Aug.    6,  1853 

Jesse  E.  Bamhill  and  Ellen  Sutherland Aug.  19,  1853 

William  Frees  and  Lydia  RafFerty Aug.  25,  1853 

Edward  O'Bryan  and  Catherine  O'Conner Aug.      ,  1853 

Elias  G.  Miller  and  Nancy  Strawn Aug.  27,  1853 

A.  B.  Kendig  and  Sarah  Porter Sept.    7,  1853 

Frederick  Dumont  and  Delia  Hakes Sept.    4,  1853 

Thomas  Sinkey  and  Emily  Hildreth Sept.  11,  1853 

P.  M.  Baker  and  Amelia  Joslin Sept.  14,  1853 

John  A.  Fields  and  Sarah  J.  Squires Sept.  16,  1853 

Petty  M.  Smith  and  Ellen  Hall Sept.  17,  1853 

William  Hindman  and  Sarah  Jane  Kyle Sept.  12,  1853 

Jacob  Easterly  and  Mary  Ann  Newman Sept.  25,  1853 

Benjamin  Lake  and  Minam  Finch Oct.    9,  1853 

Digitized  by 



James  Kirkpatrick  and  Jane  Barclay Oct.  i6,  1853 

Abraham  Straight  and  Mary  Jane  Younger Oct.  12,  1853 

Francis  M.  Hostetter  and  Julia  Ann  Bradley Oct.  13,  1853 

H.  R.  Long  and  Barbara  Ann  Cronkhite Nov.    2,  1853 

Thos.  Head  and  Nancy  Glum Nov.       ,  1853 

Aaron  Tracewell  and  Louemma  Green Nov.  22,  1853 

John  McGowan  and  Mary  Courtney Nov.  30,  1853 

M.  J.  Hindman  and  Elizabeth  Kyle Dec.     6,  1853 

John  P.  Choppa  and  Nancy  McBee Dec.  28,  1853   . 

John  Belknap  and  O.  E.  Gates Jan.     i,  1854 

Samuel  Barnhall  and  Martha  Rodman   Jan.     3,  1854 

Cornelius  Ingram  and  Sarah  Ann  Brown Jan.  12,  1854 

Isaac  V.  D.  Lewis  and  Mary  Ann  White Jan.       ,  1854 

Wm.  F.  Mayer  and  Nancy  Jane  Graft Jan.  31,  1854 

Bratna  W.  Curtis  and  Phoebe  E.  Fay Feb.     9,  1854 

Sanford  Lucas  and  Rosanna  Tahn Feb.  15,  1854 

E.  K.  Johnson  and  Louisa  M.  Randall Feb.  16,  1854 

John  B.  McQueen  and  Hildah  S.  Bissell Feb.  19,  1854 

Alexander  Long  and  Lucinda  Stingley Feb.  21,  1854 

G.  W.  Stevens  and  Christina  Slife Feb.  24,  1854 

John  Marselle  and  Hannah  Todd Feb.  26,  1854 

A.  E.  White  and  Elizabeth  A.  Clein March  26,  1854 

Henry  A.  Newman  and  Mary  Barker March  28,  1854 

L.  D.  Smith  and  Eliza  H.  Overly April    2,  1854 

Robert  McGinty  and  Mary  Clark April    6,  1854 

John  Tabor  and  Margaret  Barton April  14,  1854 

Adam  Knight  and  Mary  Jane  Tompkins April  16,  1854 

E.  H.  Evans  and  Philena  Brundage April  18,  1854 

Joseph  Morgen  and  Jemima  Jane  Spencer April  23,  1854 

Lewis  Ainsworth  and  Persis  Bartholemew April  24,  1854 

Lucius  B.  Irish  and  Maria  Jane  Brown April  24,  1854 

Jacob  Bowen  and  Savalla  Ann  Brown May     2,  1854 

William  T.  Shaw  and  Helen  A.  Crane May    4,  1854 

H.  W.  Roberts  and  Lydia  Vanvoltenburg May    7,  1854 

Ogden  Horton  and  Emily  Green May  12.  1854 

Peter  Vanvoltenberg  and  Lydia  Holt May  15,  1854 

Adam  J.  Kramer  and  Elisabeth  A.  Ristine May  15,  1854 

John  S.  Warrington  and  Mary  Jane  Taylor May  28,  1854 

William  Smothers  and  Elizabeth  Clymer June    8,  1854 

John  M.  Potter  and  Eliza  Jane  Torrence June  22,  1854 

William  Southench  and  Eleanor  Warrington June  22,  1854 

James  Orr  and  Mary  Murry June  29,  1854 

William  Milton  and  Hester  Ann  Richardson June  29,  1854 

Riley  Temiliger  and  Mary  Adelia  Benedict July    3,  1854 

Henry  Benscotee  and  Sarah  Ann  Smothers July  27,  1854 

John  W.  Arnold  and  N,  C.  Miller July  30,  1854 

John  Helmic  and  Mary  Jane  Byers July  30,  1854 

Digitized  by 



Jeremiah  E.  Friend  and  Algetha  N.  Hall Aug.  13,  1854 

Daniel  Moyer  and  Pansy  Spade Aug.  26,  1854 

M.  O.  Felton  and  Anna  M.  Krouse Aug.  29,  1854 

Guiles  J.  Hakes  and  Phoebe  Jane  Rundall Aug.  31,  1854 

A.  W.  Barker  and  Almira  Dodge Sept.     i,  1854 

Alexander  HilHs  and  Louisa  F.  Arnold Sept.  17,  1854 

John  Giblu  and  Martha  Jane  Peasly Sept.  20,  1854 

William  H.  Hoffman  and  Emeline  Gumbaugh Sept.  21,  1854 

.   John  Hohnes  and  Clarissa  Lain Sept.  28,  1854 

Leonard  Gee  and  Lucinda  Hutton Oct.    2,  1854 

Geo.  Sturdevant  and  Mary  Louisa  Espy Oct.     3,  1854 

Thomas  Robinson  and  Esther  Waite Oct.  11,  1854 

William  Raines  and  Nancy  Maria  Benton Oct.  26,  1854 

Alexander  G.  Beardsley  and  Augusta  Bartholemew Oct.  30,  1854 

William  Ainsworth  and  Maria  Ingram Nov.     2,  1854 

Frederick  Boody  and  Magdaline  Echer Nov.     5,  1854 

Samuel  M.  Miller  and  Martha  Jane  Arnold Nov.  12,  1854 

James  McGargill  and  Catherine  Lavery Nov.  15,  1854 

F.  M.  Sacrest  and  Mary  A.  Mershon Nov.  16,  1854 

Edwin  M.  Hamilton  and  Louisa  C.  Harbaugh Nov.  18,  1854 

Ambrose  Hill  and  Catherine  BodenhofFer Nov.  19,  1854 

Unison  D.  Vaughn  and  Nancy  N.  Countryman Nov.  20,  1854 

Jedediah  Ferris  and  Mary  Page Nov.  22,  1854 

William  Kelly  and  Eliza  McBee Nov.  26,  1854 

Luther  Abbe  and  Clarissa  Smith Dec.     2,  1854 

Isaac  Orcutt  and  Emily  Downer Dec.     6,  1854 

Mead  Vaughn  and  Alvira  Rountree Dec.  10,  1854 

Francis  McBride  and  Ann  Maria  McNan Dec.  20,  1854 

Geo.  E.  Reyner  and  Hannah  L.  Mackrill Dec.  24,   1854 

Lafayette  Scott  and  Martha  V.  Brown Dec.  28,  1854 

John  Byerly  and  Felicia  Alspach Dec.  30,  1854 


The  following  short  sketch  from  the  pen  of  H.  D.  Sherman,  written  for  this 
history,  will  give  the  reader  an  accurate  idea  of  the  origin  and  development  of 
the  dairy  industry  in  Jones  county.  Mr.  Sherman  was  the  pioneer  dairyman  of 
Jones  county  and  erected  the  first  creamery  in  the  county.  Our  pioneer  was  also 
one  of  the  first  state  dairy  commissioners  in  Iowa.  Mr.  Sherman  is  now  a  resi- 
dent of  Cedar  Rapids,  though  he  still  retains  a  commendable  interest  in  the 
progress  of  the  dairy  industry  in  Jones  county. — Editor. 

"I  came  to  Jones  county  from  Elgin,  Illinois  in  1859.  During  the  winter 
of  1859  and  i860,  and  also  in  the  winter  of  1860-61,  I  taught  school  at  Anamosa. 
In  1 861  I  located  at  Monticello  and  taught  school  until  1870. 

"Prior  to  1863,  all  the  butter  produced  in  the  county  was  received  at  the 
stores,  and  the  same  price  was  paid  for  all  grades.  In  1863  1  began  buying  butter 
on  the  streets  of  Monticello  for  cash,  paying  according  to  the  grade  or  quality, 

Digitized  by 



and  with  the  assistance  of  a  boy,  I  handled  a  large  per  cent  of  the  butter  and 
eggs  produced  in  the  northern  half  of  the  county. 

"At  that  time  the  energies  of  the  farmers  were  devoted  to  grain  raising, 
especially  to  the  raising  of  wheat.  But  the  time  came  when  the  substance  in  the 
soil  that  produced  wheat,  was  exhausted.  And  then  came  the  vermin  and  de- 
stroyed what  wheat  did  grow.  Farmers  began  to  look  for  other  sources  of 

"I  continued  in  the  business  of  buying  butter,  eggs  and  poultry.  As  the 
business  increased,  in  1874,  I  took  as  partner  Mr.  H.  F.  Pierce.  In  the  fall  of  1875 
we  built  Diamond  Creamery,  the  first  in  the  county.  The  first  milk  was  received 
at  the  creamery  in  the  spring  of  1876.  In  order  to  start  the  creamery,  we  were 
obliged  to  send  to  Illinois  for  a  chum.  When  the  churn  arrived  at  the  depot  it 
was  the  talk  of  the  town,  and  the  remark  was  made,  'I  g^ess  Sherman  is  going 
to  chum  all  the  milk  in  the  county.'    It  was  a  sixty  gallon  box  churn. 

"When  we  built  the  creamery  we  did  not  have  the  pledge  or  assurance  of  a 
single  dairy,  but  by  June  of  that  year  we  had  all  the  milk  we  could  handle.  The 
capacity  of  the  creamery  was  ten  thousand  pounds  of  milk  a  day.  The  next  year 
we  increased  the  capacity.  The  milk  was  delivered  at  the  creamery  direct  from 
the  dairy  morning  and  night  in  warm  weather  and  once  a  day  in  cold,  weather. 
The  cream  was  obtained  by  the  temperature  system.  We  first  set  the  milk  in  large 
tin  pans  surrounded  by  water  and  we  afterward  changed  and  used  the  deep 
setting  or  shotgun  can.  All  the  creameries  we  built  and  operated  were  on  the 
full  milk  plan.  We  never  gathered  cream  from  the  farmers.  Neither  had  we 
any  cream  separators.  They  were  not  in  use,  and  in  fact  the  cream  separator  had 
not  been  invented  at  the  time  we  began  the  creamery  business. 

"The  first  separator  I  ever  saw  was  on  exhibition  at  the  international  dairy 
fair  in  New  York  city  in  1878.  It  was  a  little  bit  of  a  thing  about  as  big  as  a 
gallon  jug. 

"In  1874  we  began  selling  the  most  of  our  butter  to  Simpson,  Mclntyre  and 
Company  of  Boston,  Massachusetts,  and  when  we  began  the  creamery  business 
we  sold  the  most  of  our  product  to  the  same  firm.  In  1879,  we  sold  to  Simpson, 
Mclntyre  &  Co.,  a  half  interest  in  the  creamery  business,  and  from  that  time, 
the  Boston  firm  had  the  sale  and  disposal  of  all  the  products  of  the  creameries. 

"The  Diamond  was  the  first  creamery  in  the  west  to  pack  butter  in  tin 
cans,  large  quantities  of  which  were  sold  to  the  United  States  government.  The 
brand  of  butter  in  an  early  date  became  known  all  over  the  world  and  estab- 
lished for  itself  a  reputation  for  fine  butter.  We  built  and  operated  creameries 
in  the  townships  of  Wayne,  Scotch  Grove,  Castle  Grove  and  Richland,  and  we 
had  three  in  Linn  county.  In  all  of  these  creameries  the  cream  was  churned  and 
the  butter  delivered  at  the  home  creamery  at  Monticello.  At  the  time  I  sold  my 
interest  in  1884,  we  were  operating  ten  or  twelve  creameries.  At  the  Interna- 
tional Dairy  Fair,  held  in  New  York  city  in  1878,  the  Diamond  Creamery  was 
awarded  sweepstakes  prize  for  the  best  butter  made  at  any  time  or  place,  and  also 
received  first  prize  for  Iowa  Creamery.  Again  in  December,  1879,  at  the  Dairy 
Fair  in  New  York,  Diamond  was  awarded  the  two  first  prizes  for  keeping  quali- 
ties for  butter  made  in  June  and  September ;  also  for  butter  salted  with  Higgins' 
Eureka  Salt. 

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"For  the  first  ten  or  fifteen  years  that  I  shipped  butter  to  the  eastern  mar- 
kets, I  was  obliged  to  suffer  a  depreciation  or  discrepancy  of  two  or  three  dol- 
lars a  hundred,  in  price  on  the  same  quality  of  butter  compared  with  eastern, 
because  it  was  from  the  west.  But  the  time  came  when  we  swept  that  distinction 
out  of  existence,  and  Jones  county  in  an  early  day  did  her  full  share  to  bring 
credit  and  honor  to  the  dairy  industry  of  the  state  of  Iowa. 

"It  is  a  fact  worthy  of  note,  that  at  the  exhibits  at  Philadelphia  in  1876,  and 
also  at  the  dairy  fairs  in  New  York  city  in  1878-79,  in  all  of  the  universal  cases 
when  butter  east  and  ^est  could  compete,  in  every  individual  case,  the  first  prize 
came  west  of  Chicago,  and  the  fact  was  fully  established  that  good  butter  could 
be  produced  in  the  west." 



Anamosa,  J.  B.  Casebeer ;  Wyoming,  H.  H.  Green ;  Johnson,  W.  N.  Chaflfee ; 
Larigworthy,  C.  A.  Hawn;  Monticello,  Thomas  Thompson;  Monmouth,  W.  B. 
Milner ;  Cascade,  supplied  by  C.  F.  Bentley ;  Maquoketa,  G.  R.  Manning. 

PETIT   JUEORS,    DECEMBER, .  1867. 

Cass,  O.  B.  Doyle ;  Qay,  John  Palmer ;  Fairview,  T.  E.  Belknap,  Chas.  Lewis ; 
Greenfield,  J.  W.  Arnold,  H.  D.  Keller;  Hale,  Philip  Bramer,  Jasper  Dalby; 
Jackson,  Isaac  Hay;  Madiscm,  David  H.  Sherrill;  Monticello,  Joseph  Qark; 
Rome,  Jonathan  Easterly;  Richland,  Otis  Whittemore;  Scotch  Grove,  John  E 
Lovejoy;  Wayne,  Joseph  Garrett;  Washington,  B.  H.  Leonard;  Wyoming, 
O.  J.  Bill,  E.  M.  Franks. 

MONTICELLO  MARKETS,  JUNE  20,    1 867. 

Gold   $  1.30  Beans   3.00 

Flour    13.00  Butter    10 

Spring  wheat 1.25  Cheese    15 

Oats    45  Lard 08 

Com,  ear 70  Live  hogs $3.50  to  $4.00 

Rye    65  Cattle  4.00  to    5.50 

Barley    60  Wood,  per  conl 4.00  to    5.00 

Potatoes 1.25  Wool    20  to      40 


Flour    $6.40  Lard 15 

Com   75  Barley    45 

Potatoes 60  Oats   $35*0      .4Q 

Butter,  dairy    27  Hogs    7.00  to    7.25 

Butter,  creamery  32  Cattle  400  to    7.00 

Eggs 25  Wood,  cord 5.00  to    6.00 

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Acres  of  land,  353,740,  value $2,510,212.00 

Town  property 295,389.00 

Meat  cattle,   15,782,  value 221,098.00 

Horses,  7,293,  value 369»332«> 

Mules  and  Asses,  133,  value 10,890.00 

Sheep,  22,044,  value 44,199.00 

Swine,  23,338,  value 48,222.00 

Vehicles,  2,534,  value  84,675.00 

Merchandise   1 13,262.00 

Moneys  and  credits   172,352.00 

Taxable  household  goods 1,590.00 

Corporation  stock   40.00 

Farming  utensils   10,687.00 

Other  taxable  prcq)erty  34>6o5.oo 

Total  personal   1,143,298.00 

Total  property   $3,970,118.00 


Anamosa    598  children 

Castle  Grove   262  children 

Clay    393  children 

Cass   254  children 

Fairview    497  children 

Greenfield    386  children 

Hale    316  children 

Jackson   329  children 

Monticello    784  children 

Madison    274  children 

Oxford    303  children 

Rome    408  children 

Richland   323  children 

Scotch  Grove 356  children 

Washington    420  children 

Wayne    330  children 

Wyoming   576  children 

Total  children 6,809 

Total  sum  apportioned,  $5,991.92  or  88  cents  per  scholar. 


Ere  another  decade  shall  have  passed,  navigation  by  means  of  an  air  ship, 
no  doubt  will  have  been  successfully  accomplished,  and  will  no  longer  be  an 
experiment.     In  the  development  of  this  means  of  transportation,  it  will  be 

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interesting  to  know  just  what  $tage  was  reached  in  1909.  The  people  of  Iowa 
are  giving  the  matter  more  or  less  attention  from  the  fact  that  Orville  Wright 
and  Wilbur  Wright  who  have  been  leaders  this  year  in  aerial  flights,  were  for- 
merly residents  of  this  state.  On  July  25,  1909,  Monsieur  Louis  Bleriot  in  his 
monoplane  made  a  successful  flight  across  the  English  Channel  between  Calais 
and  Dover  a  distance  of  twenty-one  miles  in  twenty-three  minutes.  This  fact 
was  given  considerable  attention  as  an  accomplishment  and  fixed  public  atten- 
tion throughout  the  civilized  world  upon  the  air  ship  as  a  practical  passenger 
conveyance  to  a  degree  which  no  other  event  in  the  history  of  aeronautics  has 
succeeded  in  doing. 

On  the  same  day  the  Wright  brothers'  aeroplane,  driven  by  Orville  Wright, 
and  carrying  a  passenger,  made  a  world's  record  for  duration  of  flight  by  a  heavier- 
than-air  machine  carrying  a  driver  and  passenger.  The  Wright  aeroplane  flew 
one  hour^  twelve  minutes  and  forty  seconds,  beating  the  time  made  under  similar 
conditions  by  his  brother  Wilbur  Wright,  in  France,  in  August,  1908.  Wilbur 
Wright,  in  France,  in  January,  1909,  without  a  passenger,  remained  in  the  air 
two  hours,  eighteen  minutes  and  thirty  seconds,  and  covered  a  distance  of  about 
seventy  miles. 

The  Outlook  in  the  edition  of  August  7,  1909,  gives  a  general  description  of 
the  air  ships  of  the  present  day,  which  we  give  herewith  as  a  means  of  preserving 
for  readers  of  the  future,  the  information  being  interesting  reading  at  this 

'The  air  ships  of  the  present  day  may  be  divided  into  two  general  classes — 
the  dirigible  or  lighter-than-air  machine,  and  the  aeroplane  or  heavier-than-air 
machine ;  aeroplanes  are  again  classified  in  two  types — the  biplane  and  the  mono- 
plane. Count  Zeppelin,  of  Germany,  is  perfecting  the  dirigible,  Bleriot  the 
monoplane  and  the  Wright  Brothers  the  biplane.  In  sea  terms,  the  dirigible 
may  be  roughly  compared  to  the  sub-marine  boat,  the  monoplane  to  the  sloop 
and  the  biplane  to  the  schooner.  The  dirigible  is  not  a  flying  machine  in  any 
sense,  although  that  term  may  be  applied  more  reasonably  to  the  aeroplane. 
The  Zeppelin  dirigible,  or  air  ship  floats  in  the  air,  supported  by  from  a  dozen  to 
twenty  air  and  gas  tight  apartments  filled  with  hydrogen,  which  is  lighter  than 
air,  just  as  the  sub-marine  floats  in  the  water  supported  by  water  and  air-tight 
compartments,  filled  with  atmosphere,  which  is  lighter  than  water;  it  is  moved 
forward  by  rapidly  revolving  propellers,  which  act  upon  the  surrounding  air 
just  as  the  sub-marine's  propellers  act  upon  the  surrounding  water.  It  is  a 
veritable  air  ship.  The  aeroplane,  on  the  contrary,  flics  as  the  boy's  kite  flies; 
the  kite  will  not  rise  of  itself,  nor  will  it  stay  aloft  if  the  kite  string  is  cut;  it 
flies  only  when  the  boy  pulls  it  against  the  resisting  air  which  presses  upon  its 
surfaces.  So  the  aeroplane  will  not  rise  of  itself ;  it  must  get  a  start  by  rolling 
down  an  incline,  when  the  revolving  propellers  begin  to  push  its  great  double  or 
single  surface  against  the  air  as  the  boy's  kite-string  pulls  the  kite  against  the 
resisting  air.  When  the  motor  stops,  the  aeroplane  falls  as  the  kite  falls  when  the 
string  is  cut.  To  start  it  again  somebody  or  some  mechanical  ccMitrivance  must 
run  with  it,  as  the  boy  runs  with  his  kite  before  playing  out  the  string  which  con- 
nects his  motor  arm  with  the  flying  toy. 

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"The  advantages  of  the  air  ship  over  the  aeroplane  as  a  practical  convey- 
ance are  thus  seen  at  a  glance.  In  their  present  stage  of  development  the  aero- 
plane of  the  Wright  or  Bleriot  type  is  the  more  picturesque  and  romantic,  the 
air  ship  of  the  Zeppelin  school  is  the  more  utilitarian,  although  it  would  be 
folly  to  assert  what  may  or  may  not  be  accomplished  in  the  future  in  the  develop- 
ment of  the  aeroplane  along  utilitarian  lines.  Flying  in  an  air  ship  today  is 
like  swimming  without  a  life  preserver — 3l  graceful  and  adventurous  accom- 

*' Aerial  navigation  is  no  longer  a  matter  of  mere  speculation,  like  the  ques- 
tion of  the  habitability  of  the  planet  Mars ;  the  air  is  actually  being  navigated. 
There  remain  now  only  the  amplification  of  methods  and  machinery  already 
demonstrated  to  be  practicable." 


After  centuries  of  speculation,  and  decades  of  effort,  the  most  northern  point 
of  Mother  Earth  has  been  reached,  and  to  America  comes  the  glory  of  the 
achievement.  Early  in  September,  1909,  the  announcement  was  made  that  Dr. 
Frederick  A.  Cook,  of  Brooklyn,  accompanied  by  two  Eskimos,  had  on  April 
21,  1908.  stood,  in  the  midst  of  a  waste  of  ice,  at  the  point  where  all  directions 
are  south,  where  latitude  reaches  a  maximum,  where  longitude  vanishes,  where 
the  magnetic  needle  is  reversed,  and  the  North  Star  is  in  the  zenith.  Five  days 
later,  another  message  thrilled  the  world  that  Commander  Robert  E.  Peary  had 
also  reached  this  coveted  point  of  the  earth's  surface  on  April  6,  1909,  after 
t\venty-three  years  of  effort.  A  controversy  at  once  arose,  principally  on  the 
part  of  Peary  who  claimed  that  Cook's  story  should  not  be  taken  too  seriously, 
and  this  controversy  continues  to  grow,  with  I>r.  Cook  the  popular  favorite. 
This  discovery  is  the  most  important  geographical  event  of  years. 


The  Republican  county  convention  was  held  in  the  schoolhouse  at  Wyoming, 
August  22,  1868.  John  McKean  called  the  convention  to  order  and  John  Tasker 
was  elected  chairman  and  T.  E.  Booth,  secretary.  The  committee  on  creden- 
tials consisted  of  Robert  Dott,  M.  M.  Moulton  and  J.  A.  Bronson.  On  per- 
manent organization.  Major  S.  S.  Farwell,  J.  D.  Walworth  and  Emerson  Brown. 

On  assembling  of  the  convention  the  credentials  committee  reported  the 
following  townships  and  delegates : 

Cass. — Carso  Crane,  Lyman  Guilford  and  E.  M.  Condi t. 

Castle  Grove. — William  M.  Starr. 

C/ay.— John  Russell,  M.  C.  Walters,  J.  McDaniel,  N.  B.  Noyes,  E.  E.  Brown. 

Fainnew. — H.  C.  Metcalf,  J.  D.  Walworth,  E.  B.  Alderman,  G.  D.  McKay, 
C.  L  Niles,  J.  L.  Myers,  Robert  Dott,  T.  E.  Booth,  C.  H.  Lull,  John  McKean, 
Chauncey  French,  E.  M.  Harvey,  W.  M.  Skinner. 

Greenfield. — Samuel  Shields,  J.  B.  J.  Porter,  Isaac  H.  Ford,  F.  H.  Myrick. 

Hale. — A.  J.  Dalby,  J.  H.  Evans,  D.  Grarrison. 

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Jackson.— U,  H.  Monroe,  S.  E.  Bills,  D.  B.  Bills. 

Madison,— A.  G.  Pangbum,  D.  H.  Sherrill,  Robert  Somerby,  J.  Bender, 
M.  O.  Felton. 

Monticello.—M^jor  S.  S.  Farwell,  S.  M.  Yoran,  G.  D.  Bradley,  M.  M.  Moul- 
ton,  James  Davidson,  S.  R.  Howard,  M.  W.  Herrick,  H.  H.  Starks,  A.  H.  Mar- 
vin, Colonel  J.  O.  Duer. 

Oxford.— A.  A.  Reilly,  G.  W.  Lathrop,  H.  S.  Rising. 

Richland.— J.  R.  Stillman,  J.  E.  Harkness,  Cyrus  Whittemore. 

Rome.—E.  White,  D.  E.  Rummel,  Thomas  Easterly,  C.  Hazlett,  J.  Stewart, 
Charles  Klise. 

Scotch  Grove.— J.  S.  Fuller,  S.  H.  Qark,  Adam  Sutherland,  John  Filson, 
J.  E.  Holmes,  M.  Blodgett. 

I^ayw^.— J.  C.  Ramsey,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  J.  G.  Dawson,  A.  Nash,  Joseph  Gaut, 
J.  Cameron,  A.  Aitchison. 

Wyoming.— F.  T.  Woodyard,  S.  Cobum,  J.  T.  Miller,  Thomas  Green,  John 
Tasker,  D.  L.  Blakeslee,  J.  A.  Bronson,  S.  Hamilton. 

Following  the  adoption  of  the  report,  Mr.  J.  C.  Dietz  was  nominated  by  a 
unanimous  ballot  for  the  office  of  county  clerk. 

On  the  vote  for  recorder  Lieutenant  Richard  McDaniel  received  sixty-five 
votes  and  Morgan  Bumgardner  eighteen,  and  on  motion  of  Mr.  Bronson  the 
nomination  of  Mr.  McDaniel  was  made  unanimous. 

The  county  central  committee  was  appointed  as  follows:  J.  C.  Dietz,  John 
E.  Lovejoy,  William  H.  Holmes,  P.  G.  Bonewitz,  M.  M.  Moulton. 


The  Jones  County  Medical  Society  was  organized  at  Anamosa,  September 
30,  1903.  The  meeting  was  called  to  order  by  Dr.  G.  E.  Crawford,  of  Cedar 
Rapids,  councillor  of  the  State  Medical  Society  for  the  fifth  district.  A  con- 
stitution and  by-laws  were  adopted  in  conformity  to  the  requirements  of  the 
state  society. 

The  officers  elected  were:  president,  W.  R.  Brock  of  Olin;  vice-president, 
T.  C.  Gorman  of  Anamosa;  secretary,  Harry  W.  Sig^vorth  of  Anamosa;  treas- 
urer, L.  K.  Bobo  of  Oxford  Junction ;  delegate  to  the  state  meeting,  A.  G.  Hejinian 
of  Anamosa;  board  of  censors:  F.  W.  Port  of  Olin,  George  Inglis  and  W.  W. 
Hunter  of  Monticello. 

The  county  society  meets  semi-annually  at  which  the  necessary  business  is 
transacted,  and  a  program  of  papers  and  clinics  is  carried  out.  The  physicians 
derive  much  valuable  assistance  by  these  conferences  on  medical  topics  of  local 
and  general  interest. 

The  present  officers  are:  president,  L.  K.  Bobo  of  Oxford  Junction;  vice- 
president,  J.  G.  Thomas  of  Monticello;  secretary  and  treasurer,  J.  E.  King  of 
Anamosa;  board  of  censors,  Aileen  B.  Corbit  of  Wyoming,  W.  B.  Brock  of 
Olin  and  W.  W.  Hunter  of  Monticello ;  delegate  to  the  state  society,  L.  K.  Bobo 
of  Oxford  Junction. 

All  of  the  physicians  of  Jones  county,  with  only  a  few  exceptions  arc  mem- 
bers of  the  county  society.    The  board  of  supervisors  of  the  county  has  at  diflFerent 

Digitized  by 



times  contracted  with  the  county  medical  society  for  medical  aid  for  the  poor 
of  the  coimty.  The  present  county  medical  society  is  not  the  first  of  the  kind  or 
name  organized  in  the  county.  In  casually  looking  through  the  files  of  The 
Anamosa  Eureka,  we  find  that  a  similar  society  was  organized  prior  to  1875, 
and  that  regular  meetings  were  held  as  now  by  the  present  society. 

Among  the  names  of  the  members  of  this  former  society  we  find :  Dr.  L.  J. 
Adair,  Dr.  W.  W.  Stoddard,  Dr.  Carlisle,  Dr.  Alden,  Dr.  Phillips,  Dr.  Johnson, 
Dr.  Hurst.  Dr.  Paul,  Dr.  M.  H.  Calkins  and  Dr.  Joslin.  Dr.  Alden  was  presi- 
dent in  1875  and  Dr.  Hurst,  secretary.  The  members  of  the  present  medical 
society  of  1909  are :  W.  B.  Brock,  J.  A.  White  and  F.  W.  Port  of  Olin ;  B.  H. 
Chamberlain,  Aileen  B.  Corbit  and  R.  H.  Spence  of  Wyoming;  E.  H.  Knittlc 
of  Onslow ;  J.  G.  Weinland  of  Martelle ;  J.  M.  Young  and  T.  B.  Kent  of  Center 
Junction;  J.  E.  King,  H.  W.  Sigworth,  F.  B.  Sigworth,  T.  C.  Gorman,  F.  S. 
Druet,  A.  G.  Hejinian  of  Anamosa;  L.  K.  Bobo  and  J.  E.  Davies  of  Oxford  Junc- 
tion ;  W.  W.  Hunter,  George  Inglis,  J.  E.  Gilmore,  F.  Puleston,  W.  A.  Miridc, 
J.  G.  Thomas,  T.  M.  Redmond,  Louis  G.Stuhler  of  Monticello. 


It  is  perfectly  natural  in  an  agricultural  community  that  the  tillers  of  the  soil 
and  the  raisers  of  stock,  "the  hewers  of  wood  and  the  drawers  of  water,"  should 
organize  for  mutual  benefit;  that  the  farmers  should  meet,  compare  notes  on 
methods  as  well  as  on  ways  and  means,  and  thereby  enrich  their  storehouse  of 
useful  information.  The  earliest  inhabitants  and  the  best  citizens  of  Jones  county 
have  been  farmers,  with  the  natural  instinct  to  earn  their  bread  by  the  sweat  of 
their  brows  ;  to  raise  com  to  feed  hogs  to  buy  more  land  to  raise  more  corn  to  feed 
more  hogs  to  buy  more  land,  etc.  But  added  to  the  natural  instinct  to  till  the 
soil,  was  another  element,  namely,  the  desire  to  keep  abreast  of  the  best  informa- 
tion obtainable,  for  the  care  of  stock,  the  treatment  of  the  soil,  the  building  of 
good  roads,  the  development  of  the  dairy  industry,  the  conservation  of  the  for- 
est, the  retention  of  moisture  in  the  soil,  how  to  interest  the  boys  on  the  farm, 
the  happiness  of  home  life  and  country  home  entertainment,  and  kindred  topics. 

The  meetings  of  the  farmers  have  been  informal.  The  date  of  the  first  meet- 
ing does  not  appear  to  be  a  matter  of  record.  It  may  suffice  to  know  that  such 
meetings  were  held  and  the  subjects  discussed  with  a  remarkable  degree  of  in- 
telligence. A  temporary  organization  would  be  effected  and  the  regular  meet- 
ings be  held  during  the  winter  and  perhaps  then  a  year  or  two  would  pass  with- 
out a  meeting. 

The  last  organization  of  the  County  Institute  was  at  the  meeting  held  in 
Onslow  in  February,  1893.  This,  in  fact,  was  simply  a  re-organization;  Among 
the  names  of  the  farmers  who  were  actively  interested  in  the  welfare  of  the 
organization  we  find  R.  A.  Rynerson,  A.  G.  Brown,  S.  L.  Gilbert,  Rv  A.  Norton, 
F.  J.  Sokol,  E.  E.  Brown,  W.  C.  Monroe,  Stephen  Walsworth,  H.  D.  Smith, 
J.  B.  Lyon,  M.  H.  Morse,  J.  W.  Morse,  Frank  Tasker,  Hon.  John  Russell,  H.  H. 
Monroe,  M.  O.  Felton,  R.  A.  Inglis,  J.  A.  Mallicoat,  R.  G.  Lyans,  Jerry  Wood- 
yard,  Ben  Hoyt  and  others. 

Digitized  by 



No  meeting  of  the  County  Farmers'  Institute  has  been  held  for  several  years. 
This  may  be  accounted  for  in  several  ways.  The  establishment  of  the  rural 
mail  delivery  daily,  and  the  publication  of  good  farm  papers,  as  well  as  a  highly 
developed  intelligence  of  agricultural  topics,  have,  in  part,  satisfied  the  long- 
ing to  meet  in  convention  and  discuss  the  subjects  given  at  length  in  the  farm 
journals,  and  read  and  thought  over  by  the  farmer  in  his  home  on  the  long  win- 
ter evenings.  Perhaps  another  reason  for  not  holding  the  annual  meetings, 
is  that  the  scarcity  of  help  on  the  farm,  keeps  the  farmer  at  home.  The  last  few 
meetings  that  were  held  revealed  to  the  observer  the  fact  that  the  attendance 
was  largely  from  the  community  adjoining  the  place  where  the  institute  was  held. 
It  was  difficult  to  get  the  farmers  to  attend  from  a  distance.  W.  C.  Monroe,  a 
resident  and  farmer  of  Cass  township,  we  believe,  has  attended  every  meeting 
of  the  farmer's  institute  held  in  Jones  county.  The  printed  record  of  the  pro- 
ceedings, is  readable  as  general  reading  matter,  and  is  a  source  of  considerable 
information  along  agricultural  lines.  A  number  of  agricultural  authorities  of 
prominence  have  addressed  the  institute  in  recent  years  Among  the  number  were 
Hon.  James  Wilson,  the  present  secretary  of  agriculture,  Hon.  J.  R.  Sage,  Henry 
Wallace  of  Des  Moines,  President  WiUiam  Beardshear  of  Ames,  and  others. 


No  continuous  record  has  been  kept  of  the  proceedings  of  the  county  Sunday 
School  Association,  and  for  that  reason  it  has  been  difficult  to  secure  any  of 
those  interesting  details  which  are  usually  connected  with  the  origin  of  such 
societies.  The  most  that  can  be  said  is  that  this  association  of  Sunday-school 
workers  was  organized  in  1866. 

In  the  pioneer  days  of  Jones  county,  the  early  settlers  were  not  unmindful 
of  the  necessity  of  religious  training  of  children,  and  of  the  necessity  of  the 
development  of  the  religious  nature  of  mankind.  Unlike  the  Pilgrims  and  the 
pioneers  in  colonial  settlements,  our  pioneers  were  not  driven  to  the  new  country 
through  religious  oppression  but  nevertheless,  the  communion  with  nature  in  its 
original  state,  as  found  by  these  pioneers,  brought  to  them  a  sense  of  helpless- 
ness and  a  desire  to  keep  in  touch  with  some  higher  power,  which  is  in  its  es- 
sence, the  development  of  the  religious  nature  of  man.  Readers  of  this  history 
will  be  impressed  with  the  fact  that  the  place  and  time  of  the  first  preaching  serv- 
ices or  the  first  Sunday  school,  as  given  by  the  early  settlers,  has  been  noted  by 
the  historian  in  many  cases. 

The  time  or  place  of  the  first  Sunday  school  in  the  county  cannot  be  d^ 
termined.  On  the  "Sabbath  day,  as  was  their  custom,"  the  families  would  devote 
some  time  to  religious  study  or  conversation.  Whether  as  an  impromptu  gather- 
ing, or  as  a  formal  meeting,  it  could  be  called  a  Sunday  school.  When  churches 
were  erected,  a  Sunday  school  was  a  part  of  the  Sabbath  exercises.  As  stated, 
it  is  impossible  to  give  any  of  the  details  of  the  first  organization.  The  meet- 
ings were  held  annually  at  different  points  of  the  county,  and  in  many  cases  very 
interesting  and  profitable  sessions  were  held.  To  name  the  various  officers, 
would  be  to  give  the  names  of  the  best  citizens  of  the  county. 

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The  forty-third  annual  convention  of  the  Jones  County  Sunday  School  Asso- 
ciation was  held  at  Wyoming,  April  19th  and  20th,  1909.  The  new  officers 
elected  were:  president,  Rev.  M.  McGlashing  of  Morley;  first  vice-president, 
Rev.  H.  E.  Wilcox  of  Wyoming ;  second  vice-president,  A.  O.  Zones  of  Morley ; 
secretary  and  treasurer,  Miss  Jean  Atkinson  of  Anamosa. 

Executive  committee:  J.  A.  Doutrick  of  Monticello;  Samuel  Ellison  of  Mar- 
telle;  I.  H.  Brasted  of  Anamosa;  Rev.  S.  B.  McClelland  of  Onslow;  John  Wurg- 
bacher  of  Morley;  Mrs.  Jennie  Newman  of  Martelle.  Department  secretaries: 
Home,  Miss  Nettie  Chadwick,  Anamosa;  normal.  Miss  Harriet  Cunningham  of 
Anamosa;  house  to  house,  Mrs.  Alice  Young,  Center  Junction;  primary,  Miss 
Luella  Gibson  of  Monticello;  missionary,  Mrs.  T.  G.  Richardson  of  Wyoming; 
teacher  training.  Mrs.  Jennie  Newman  of  Martelle;  international  bible  reading, 
Mrs.  Port  of  Olin;  adult.  Rev.  H.  F.  Dorcas  of  Center  Junction.  The  dele- 
gates to  the  state  convention  in  Des  Moines  in  June,  1909,  were:  Mrs.  C.  E. 
McDaniel,  Mrs.  J.  B.  Lyon  and  Miss  Jean  Atkinson. 


This  association,  having  for  its  object  the  improvement  of  the  country  roads 
and  the  encourjagement  of  more  careful  driving  thereon,  was  organized  at  Ana- 
mosa in  August,  1909.  The  members  of  the  association  are  owners  of  auto- 
mobiles who  have  realized  that  some  organized  effort  was  required  in  order  to 
insure  the  best  welfare  of  all. 

The  object  of  the  association  can  best  be  explained  by  quoting  Article  II., 
of  the  constitution: 

Section  i.  Its  object  shall  be  to  enlist  the  cooperation  of  all  persons  who 
have  an  interest  in  improving  the  roads  of  the  county  and  to  institute  a  good 
roads  campaign. 

Section  2.  To  erect  signs  showing  direct  routes  between  the  various  towns 
in  the  county,  also  indicating  dangerous  railroad  crossings,  etc. 

Section  3.  To  suppress  excessive  speed  and  reckless  driving  and  to  aid  in 
the  prosecution  of  all  violators  of  the  state  automobile  law,  and  to  promote 
common  road  courtesy  between  drivers  of  all  kinds  of  vehicles. 

Section  4.  To  cooperate  with  the  township  trustees  of  all  the  townships  of 
the  county  in  an  endeavor  to  secure  effective  enforcement  of  the  road  law, 
passed  by  the  last  session  of  the  legislature 

The  officers  and  vice-presidents  of  the  association  are:  president,  J.  H.  Gild- 
ner;  secretary,  George  L.  Schoonover;  vice-presidents:  W.  A.  Hales,  Cass;  Rev. 
S.  M.  Murphy,  Castle  Grove ;  E.  A.  Osborne,  Fairview ;  C.  S,  Peet,  Greenfield ; 
Nick  Carson,  Hale ;  W.  G.  Ristine,  Jackson ;  J.  S.  Hall,  Lovell ;  R.  E.  Story,  Madi- 
son; C.  E.  Leffingwell,  Oxford;  Miles  F.  Miles,  Rome;  George  Schoon,  Wayne; 
W  G.  Krouse,  Wyoming. 


The  old  settlers  of  Jones  county  have  at  various  times  formed  an  organiza- 
tion for  mutual  exchange  of  experiences  and  to  cement  the  tie  of  common  inter- 


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est  which  so  closely  bound  them  in  friendship's  embrace.  The  pioneers  have 
had  many  things  in  common,  and  it  has  been  the  most  natural  thing  in  the  world 
for  them  to  find  pleasure  in  relating  their  individual  experiences. 

The  first  organization  of  which  we  find  any  record  was  on  April  4,  1866, 
when,  according  to  previous  announcement,  the  old  settlers  of  the  county  assem- 
bled in  the  city  hall,  Anamosa.  The  meeting  was  organized  by  appointing  Dr. 
N.  G.  Sales,  chairman.  Dr.  S.  G.  Matson  was  chosen  secretary,  and  T.  E.  Booth, 
assistant  secretary.  The  object  of  the  meeting  was  stated  by  Otis  Whittemore. 
On  motion,  a  committee  of  three  was  appointed  to  draft  a  constitution  and  by-laws 
for  the  government  of  the  association,  towit:  C.  T.  Lamson,  Dr.  S.  G.  Matson 
..nd  Otis  Whittemore.  While  the  committee  was  out  formulating  their  docu- 
ment, John  Merritt,  that  stanch  and  respected  pioneer  of  Rome,  being  called 
upon,  gave  a  brief  history  of  his  early  life.  He  came  to  Jones  county  in  January, 
1837.  I^  the  June  following,  he  selected  a  claim  near  Rome,  now  Olin.  He 
afterward  returned  to  New  York,  and  in  1839,  again  started  west,  by  water, 
bringing  his  family  with  him.  He  arrived  near  where  Qinton  now  is,  and  had 
not  a  dollar  in  his  pocket.  Those  who  were  acquainted  with  Mr.  Merritt  will 
appreciate  the  contrast  in  his  financial  affairs  at  that  time  and  later  in  his  life- 
time, when  the  broad  acres  of  which  he  held  title  in  Rome,  spoke  of  the  comforts 
and  pleasures  which  were  his  to  enjoy.  After  much  trouble  and  delay,  he  suc- 
ceeded in  reaching  his  claim,  where  he,  like  many  others  of  the  pioneers  of  the 
county,  by  perseverance  and  frugal  industry,  attained  wealth  and  the  comforts 
which  an  abundance  of  means  bring  for  old  age. 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  remarks  by  Mr.  Merritt,  the  committee  reported  a 
constitution  and  by-laws  for  a  permanent  organization,  and  the  following  officers 
were  chosen  for  the  ensuing  term :  president,  S.  G.  Matson ;  vice-president,  Otis 
Whittemore;  secretary,  J.  D.  Walworth;  treasurer,  C.  T.  Lamson;  vice-presidents 
at  large — John  Powell,  Cass ;  Joseph  A.  Secrest,  Fairview ;  E.  V.  Miller,  Green- 
field; L.  A.  Simpson,  Hale;  Thomas  J.  Peak,  Monticello;  Timothy  Stivers, 
Rome;  Barrett  Whittemore,  Richland;  John  E.  Lovejov,  Scotch  Grove;  Thomas 
McNally,  Washington ;  Daniel  Soper,  Wayne ;  Thomas  Green,  Wyoming. 

The  following  named  persons  were  present  at  the  meeting:  N.  G.  Sales, 
S.  G.  Matson,  John  Merritt,  Henry  Koffitz,  J.  Clark,  E.  E.  Brown,  B.  Chaplin, 
D.  Graham,  Otis  Whittemore,  G.  H.  Ford,  J.  Hutton,  N.  B.  Homan,  H.  Booth, 
I.  Fisher,  W.  W.  Hollenbeck,  J.  D.  Walworth,  C.  T.  Lamson,  S.  F.  Glenn,  A. 
Sutherland,  J.  E.  Lovejoy,  G.  L.  Yount,  S.  Kelly,  G.  Brown,  H.  C.  Metcalf,  J. 
Powell,  E.  Booth,  Benjamin  L.  Matson,  J.  Graham,  T.  E.  Booth,  H.  Hollenbeck. 
C.  W.  Hollenbeck,  B.  Brown. 

Another  meeting  was  not  held  until  September  2,  1875.  At  that  time  the 
old  settlers  of  the  county  met  in  the  observatory  of  the  exhibition  hall  on  the 
fair  ground  to  the  number  of  twenty. 

Short  remarks  were  made  by  Otis  Whittemore,  John  Russell,  A.  H.  Marvin, 
R.  A.  Rynerson,  Timothy  Stivers  and  John  McKean.  On  motion  of  R.  A. 
Rynerson,  the  secretary  was  instructed  to  procure  the  books  and  the  funds  of 
the  old  organization  from  J.  D.  Walworth,  the  former  secretary,  then  residing 
at  Boston,  Mass.  On  motion  of  A.  G.  Pan^burn,  it  was  decided  to  appoint  an 
executive  committee  consisting  of  Otis  Whittemore,  John  Russell,  A.  H.  Mar- 

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vin,  R.  A.  Rynerson  and  M.  M.  Moulton  to  draft  a  constitution  and  by-laws  for 
the  society  and  to  report  at  the  next  meeting.  The  president  gave  notice  that 
there  would  be  a  meeting  of  the  committee  at  Moulton's  office  on  Saturday  after- 
noon, September  the  i8th.  On  motion  of  Judge  McKean,  the  meeting  adjourned 
subject  to  the  call  of  the  president,  Otis  Whittemore,  for  a  permanent  organiza- 
tion.   M.  M.  Moulton  was  secretary. 

The  names  of  those  present,  the  state  of  their  nativity  and  the  year  they 
came  to  Iowa,  were :  Barrett  Whittemore,  New  Hampshire,  1837 ;  Edmund  Booth, 
Massachusetts,  1839;  Thomas  Green,  Indiana,  1840;  Timothy  Stivers,  New 
York,  1840;  R.  J.  Cleaveland,  Massachusetts,  1841 :  William  Brazelton,  Illinois, 
1842;  E.  V.  Miller,  Ohio,  1843;  Otis  Whittemore,  New  Hampshire,  1843;  Wil- 
liam Cline,  New  York,  1844;  Elijah  Pangburn,  New  York,  1845 ;  R.  A.  Rynerson, 
Kentucky,  1845;  John  Young,  England,  1848;  A.  D.  KJine,  Virginia,  1849;  Rich- 
ard H.  Simpson,  Illinois,  1849;  J-  C.  Austin,  Vermont,  1850;  John  Russell, 
Scotland,  1852;  S.  S.  Farwell,  Ohio,  1852;  John  White,  Pennsylvania,  1852; 
David  Ralston,  Virginia,  1853;  M.  M.  Moulton,  New  Hampshire.  1854;  John 
McKean,  Pennsylvania,  1854;  Robert  Dott,  Scotland,  1854;  Dr.  T.  E.  Mellett, 
Indiana,  1855;  A.  G.  Pangburn,  New  York,  1855;  A.  H.  Marvin,  New  York, 
1855;  John  Clark,  Pennsylvania,  1855. 

On  January  15,  1886,  the  Jones  County  Old  Settlers*  Association  was  re- 
organized at  a  meeting  held  at  Wyoming.  J.  S.  Stacy  was  elected  president; 
T.  E.  Booth,  secretary  and  L.  Schoonover,  treasurer  The  several  township 
vice  presidents  were:  Cass,  A.  L.  Fairbanks;  Castle  Grove,  J.  A.  McLaughlin; 
Qay,  John  Russell;  Fairview,  B.  F.  Shaw;  Greenfield.  E.  V.  Miller;  Hale,  A. 
J.  Dalby;  Jackson,  Cabel  Belknap;  Madison,  M.  O.  Felton;  Monticello,  Frank 
Hicks;  Oxford,  A.  Curttright;  Richland,  Robert  Snowden;  Rome,  John  Mer- 
ritt;  Scotch  Grove,  John  Sutherland;  Washington,  M.  Kenney;  Wayne,  D. 
Loper ;  Wyoming,  J.  A.  Bronson.  The  following  executive  committee  was  ap- 
pointed at  this  meeting :  A.  G.  Brown,  George  Sutherland,  W.  C.  Monroe,  William 
Brazelton,  Timothy  Stivers,  John  Tasker,  Julius  Carter. 

The  next  meeting  of  the  Jones  County  Old  Settlers'  Association  we  find  in 
connection  with  the  Jones  County  Farmers'  Institute  which  was  held  at  Onslow 
in  January,  1893.  0"^  afternoon  of  the  institute  program  was  given  over  to  the 
old  settlers.  R.  A.  Rynerson  was  chairman  of  the  meeting  and  delivered  a 
short  address.  President  W.  M.  Beardshear,  of  the  State  Agricultural  College 
at  Ames,  who  had  been  present  during  the  institute,  delivered  an  address  which 
sparkled  with  the  clearness  and  thoughtfulness  for  which  the  gifted  speaker 
was  noted.  Other  informal  speakers  during  the  afternoon  were:  A.  G.  Brown, 
1 .  E.  Booth,  E.  E.  Brown,  M.  O.  Felton,  S.  L.  Gilbert,  John  Overley,  John  Paul, 
H.  F.  Paul,  W.  C.  Monroe,  Stephen  Walsworth,  Mrs.  C.  E.  McDaniel,  Thomas 
Silsbee,  H.  D.  Smith,  S.  S.  Farwell,  J.  B.  Lyon,  H.  H.  Monroe  and  others. 

Hon.  S.  S.  Farwell  of  Monticello  was  elected  president,  A.  G.  Brown  of 
Wyoming,  vice-president,  and  T.  E.  Booth,  secretary  and  treasurer.  A  committee 
consisting  of  S.  S.  Farwell,  R.  A.  R)merson,  A.  G.  Brown  and  T.  E.  Booth,  was 
appointed  to  draft  a  constitution  and  by-laws,  make  out  a  program  and  fix  the 
time  for  the  next  meeting. 

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Informal  gatherings  of  the  old  settlers  have  been  held  at  various  times  in 
different  parts  of  the  county  since  the  last  recorded  meeting.  It  is  safe  to  say 
that  these  informal  gatherings  have  been  a  veritable  love  feast  to  the  pioneers 
as  they  have  related  incidents  out  of  their  own  individual  experience.  One  of 
these  notable  gatherings  was  at  Wyoming  in  August,  1905,  when  the  celebration 
of  the  semi-centennial  settlement  of  the  town  brought  together  once  more  from 
almost  every  state  in  the  Union  and  from  every  township  in  the  county,  hundreds 
of  the  old  pioneers,  to  live  once  more  in  the  rich  and  fruitful  experiences  of  the 
past.  Another  similar  informal  meeting  was  held  during  fair  week  in  August, 
1909,  at  Anamosa,  when  the  city  was  filled  with  the  old  settlers  who  had  re- 
turned for  the  home-coming  week  and  its  pleasures  and  festivities. 

The  real  old  settler,  the  genuine  pioneers  of  Jones  county,  are  now  numbered. 
The  rugged  constitution,  the  hearty  frame,  now  ripe  in  years,  can  not  stand  in  the 
balance  when  Father  Time  reaps  his  annual  harvest.  To  these  pioneers  the  pres- 
ent generation  owes  a  debt  of  gratitude  for  their  heritage  of  prosperity,  citizenship 
and  personal  character,  which  nothing  but  appreciation  can  repay. 


It  may  not  be  with  any  degree  of  pride  that  this  history  must  record  the 
fact  that  in  an  early  day  lynch  law  was  brought  into  executicM*  in  Jones  county. 
It  was  in  the  early  part  of  the  month  of  December,  1857,  that  Hiram  Roberts, 
a  reputed  thief,  counterfeiter  and  desperado  fell  into  the  hands  of  the  vigil- 
ance committee,  about  four  hundred  strong,  near  Red  Oak  Grove,  in  Cedar 
county.  Roberts  was  brought  into  Walnut  Fork,  now  Olin,  in  Jones  county, 
tried  by  the  committee,  found  guilty  and  forced  to  pay  the  penalty  without  the 
formality  of  a  judge  and  jury  of  his  peers. 

A  company  of  people  had  gathered  at  George  Saum*s  house  to  consider  what 
was  best  to  be  done.  The  Tipton  Vigilance  Committee  and  the  Walnut  Grove 
Vigilance  Committee  had  matters  in  charge,  though  the  Tipton  committee  took 
the  lead  in  the  execution.  While  Ben  Freeman  had  gathered  the  company  back 
of  the  barn  and  in  stentorian  tones  was  declaring  what  he  thought  was  best  to 
be  done  to  rid  the  country  of  these  desperadoes,  the  Tipton  committee  smuggled 
Roberts  out  of  the  house  and  in  a  few  moments  Hiram  Roberts  was  looking  up 
a  straight  rope  in  the  bam.  He  was  soon  taken  down  and  borne  back  into  the 
timber  and  strung  up  to  a  stout  limb.  This  tree  yet  stands.  The  next  day  the 
limp  and  lifeless  body  was  found  by  a  brother  of  deceased  and  Wesley  South- 
wick  who  had  been  induced  to  help  search  for  the  body.  The  Ijody  of  this 
counterfeiter  now  lies  in  the  Olin  Cemetery. 

In  connection  with  the  burial  of  the  body  of  Roberts  in  the  Olin  Cemetery, 
it  is  said  that  at  the  time  the  Cemetery  Association  was  organized,  Roberts, 
among  others  was  asked  to  contribute,  which  he  did  to  the  amount  of  five  dol- 
lars. When  it  came  to  his  burial  in  the  cemetery,  objection  was  made  to  having 
the  body  of  such  a  man  buried  on  the  sacred  ground.  Mr.  Easterly  who  had 
secured  Roberts  subscription,  raised  the  point  that  if  Roberts'  money  was  good 
enough  to  aid  the  cemetery,  the  cemetery  was  none  too  good  as  a  resting  place 
for  the  body,  and  this  argument  prevailed. 

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Another  instance  is  related  where  two  boys  narrowly  escaped  lynching.  Some 
horses  had  been  stolen,  and  the  guilty  parties  were  captured.  At  the  conference 
of  the  vigilance  committee,  the  guilt  of  the  parties  apprehended  was  established 
to  the  satisfaction  of  the  committee.  The  two  boys  were  brought  in.  A  line  was 
drawn  across  the  floor,  and  the  committee  were  to  vote  on  the  question  of  lynch- 
ing. All  who  are  in  favor  of  lynching,  step  over  the  line,  was  asked,  and  every 
man  of  the  committee  stepped  over  the  line.  The  two  boys  then  wilted  com^ 
pletely  and  begged  for  mercy,  which  was  shown  them.  They  were  given  their 
freedom  under  their  solemn  pledge  to  refrain  from  evil.  The  children  of  these 
two  boys  are  now  living  in  the  southern  part  of  the  county  and  are  highly  re- 
spected people. 

At  another  time  a  meeting  had  been  called  at  the  Olin  schoolhouse  to  organize 
an  anti-horse  thief  association.  The  horse  thieves  were  present  in  such  numbers 
that  the  proposition  was  voted  down  by  a  safe  majority. 

In  the  early  days,  severe  measures  were  almost  a  necessity  to  the  end  that 
justice  might  be  secured.  Juries  feared  to  condemn  men  whom  they  believed 
guilty,  lest  they  might  suffer  in  loss  of  life  or  property.  This  seemed  to  justify 
the  vigilance  committtce's  actions. 


The  county  farm,  located  in  secticMi  36  of  Wayne  township,  was  origfinally 
deeded  to  Jones  county  for  courthouse  purposes,  the  deed  being  signed  by  Presi- 
dent Buchanan.  There  has  been  no  change  in  the  title  to  the  original  grant  made 
in  June,  1840.  When  the  county  seat  was  changed  from  Edinburgh,  the  county 
commissioners  retained  the  grant  for  the  establishment  of  a  county  poor  farm. 
This  grant  with  the  subsequent  additions,  comprising  approximately  three  hun- 
dred acres  of  improved  land  besides  over  thirty  acres  of  timber  land  in  section 
9  in  Scotch  Grove  township,  now  constitutes  what  is  popularly  known  as  the 
County  Home. 

Jones  county  has  always  exercised  a  liberal  policy  with  its  unfortunate  poor, 
and  the  inmates  have  uniformly  been  treated  with  kindness  and  courtesy.  While 
the  policy  of  the  county  has  always  been  to  decline  to  furnish  a  comfortable  re- 
treat for  all  the  lazy,  able-bodied,  willingly  dependent  applicants  for  its  charities, 
nevertheless,  the  treatment  of  those  who  have  been  obliged  to  seek  shelter  and 
aid,  has  been  considerate  and  himiane. 

The  number  of  inmates  has  increased  with  the  population  of  the  county. 
Where  thirty  years  ago,  the  average  attendance  was  about  twenty,  the  average 
attendance  now  is  about  thirty.  The  annual  report  of  the  steward  January  i, 
1909,  was  as  follows,  as  to  the  number  of  inmates : 

Males.    Females.    Total. 

Niunber  of  inmates  January  i,  1908 23  12  35 

Received  since  January   i,   1908 5  3  8 

Died  during  year  I  2  3 

Discharged  during  year   6  3  9 

Inmates  January  i,  1909 21  10  31 

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The  first  steward  of  the  county  farm,  was  O.  B.  Doyle.  Among  the  number 
who  have  been  steward  since  have  been  mentioned,  T.  Hartman,  John  Platncr, 
S,  H.  Clark,  Andrew  McDonald,  1885;  Lee  Peet,  1893;  T.  A,  King,  the  present 
efficient  and  kind-hearted  steward  and  manager  began  his  duties  in  the  early  part 
of  the  year  1906.  No  complaints  have  ever  been  made  by  the  inmates  of  harsh  or 
unkind  treatment  during  the  stewardship  of  Mr.  King  and  his  industrious  and 
large-hearted  wife.  Everything  in  and  about  the  county  home  is  kept  neat,  tidy, 
comfortable  and  sanitary.  The  building  is  old,  and  in  fact  not  suited  for  the  pur- 
pose, but  with  the  material  at  hand,  a  good  account  is  given  by  the  steward.  There 
are  accommodation  for  about  fifty  inmates,  if  necessary.  During  the  past  year 
or  two,  a  fire  escape  has  been  placed  on  the  building,  the  inmates  department  has 
been  repaired  and  improved  generally  at  an  expense  of  about  one  thousand,  two 
hundred  dollars.  Four  hundred  feet  of  six-inch  sewer  has  been  constructed,  a 
toilet  and  bath  room  has  been  added,  and  an  effort  made  to  make  the  home  more 
sanitary  and  comfortable. 

At  the  present  time  there  is  some  agitation  toward  the  erection  of  a  more  mod- 
em home,  and  strong  arguments  have  been  made  favorable  to  this  proposition. 
The  board  of  supervisors  has  been  making  some  investigations  in  contemplation 
of  some  action  being  taken,  and  no  doubt  ere  many  moons,  the  citizens  of  this 
county  will  be  given  an  opportunity,  in  a  special  election,  to  voice  their  will  on 
this  question.  , 

The  last  annual  report  of  the  steward  contains  so  much  of  general  interest  in 
regard  to  the  products  raised  on  the  county  farm,  and  the  amoimt  of  property 
used  and  on  hand,  that  we  give  it  in  full. 


6  horses   $  800  CX) 

65  head  of  cattle 1,950.00 

42  head  of  swine 258.00 

150  chickens    52«oo 

100  tons  hay 550.00 

1,000  bushels  corn 550.00 

150  bushels  oats 65.00 

160  bushels  potatoes 100.00 

10  bushels  onions 12.00 

10  bushels  carrots 5-^^ 

Cabbage  and  kraut I5-00 

20  bushels  parsnips 5-^^ 

2  barrels  pork 42.00 

I  barrel  beef 16.50 

60  pounds  tea  1640 

Tobacco    11.00 

Clothing,  new  and  unmade 4S-00 

Machinery    695.00 

Flour    10.00 

Syrup    1500 

Coal    .j^ 17500 

Total  value  on  hand $S>387-90 

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12  hogs  butchered  $  180.00 

I  beef  butchered   40.00 

3  cows  sold 170.00 

II  steers  and  heifers 67746 

5 1   hogs  sold   725.89 

Qiickens  and  eggs  used 130.00 

Milk  and  butter  used 296.00 

Milk  and  butter  sold 178.04 

Total $2,396.93 

In  addition  to  the  provisions  which  were  raised  and  used  on  the  county  farm 
during  the  year  1908,  the  county  auditor's  report  of  expenses  during  the  same  per- 
iod, shows  the  poor  farm  expenses  to  be  three  thousand,  six  hundred  and  thirty- 
three  dollars  and  forty-three  cents.  From  the  same  report  it  is  learned  that  the  ex- 
penses of  the  poor  outside  of  the  poor  farm  have  been  five  thousand,  five  hun- 
dred and  seventy-four  dollars  and  nine  cents,  during  the  same  period,  making  the 
total  expenditure  for  the  poor  in  addition  to  the  provisions  raised  and  used  on  the 
farm,  nine  thousand,  two  hundred  and  seven  dollars  and  fifty-two  cents  for  the 
year  igo8,  as  against  nine  thousand,  four  hundred  and  seventy-four  dollars  and 
two  cents  in  1895.  The  county  farm  is  managed  as  economically  as  is  consistent 
with  the  comfort  and  best  welfare  of  the  inmates. 

The  annual  report  of  L.  B.  Peet,  steward  for  the  year  1895  showed  the  num- 
ber of  inmates  on  January  i,  1895  to  be  thirty-six,  and  on  December  31st  of  the 
same  year,  forty- four.  There  were  nine  head  of  horses,  thirty-two  head  of  cattle, 
thirty-three  hogs,  thirty-five  tons  of  hay,  five  hundred  bushels  of  oats,  two  hun- 
dred and  twenty  bushels  of  potatoes,  eight  hundred  pounds  of  pork,  fifty  tons  of 
coal,  four  barrels  of  molasses. 


Jones  county  has  not  been  more  fortunate  than  her  neighbors  in  the  necessity 
of  having  courts  of  justice,  where  those  with  grievances  might  have  their  differ- 
ences adjusted,  their  wrongs  redressed,  and  punishment  given  in  full  measure  to 
those  who  have  transgressed  the  laws  of  the  commonwealth,  and  infringed  on  the 
personal  and  private  rights  of  their  fellowmen.  The  "Avengers  of  Blood"  have 
never  received  any  encouragement  in  Jones  county.  The  courts  have  been  insti- 
tuted as  a  civilized  and  modern  method  for  the  maintenance  of  justice  and  the 
enforcement  of  the  laws  of  organized  society,  and  in  Jones  county  the  sovereignty 
and  supremacy  of  the  strong  arm  of  the  law,  have  been  uniformly  respected. 


The  first  court  in  Jones  county  convened  at  Edinburg,  March  22,  1841.  It 
was  not  the  occasion  of  a  large  gathering,  and  neither  was  the  opening  of  court 
a  complex  ceremony.    Judge  Thomas  S.  Wilson  of  Dubuque,  associate  justice  for 

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the  state  of  Iowa,  presided.  The  courtroom  was  not  a  forty  by  sixty  foot  room 
with  a  twenty  foot  ceiling  decorated  with  the  modern  beautifying  adornments, 
and  neither  was  the  "bench"  one  of  mahogany,  lined  and  cushioned  with  plush 
and  silk  tassels.  The  courtroom  was  in  a  log  cabin.  The  record  further  states, 
that  William  H.  Hutton  appearing  to  have  the  required  qualification,  was  ap- 
pointed clerk.    Hugh  Bowen  was  the  sheriff. 

The  grand  jurors  on  that  occasion  were:  Moses  Collins,  Thos.  Dickson,  Isaac 
H.  Simpson,  Theron  Crook,  Orville  Cronkhite,  Jos.  H.  Merritt,  Sylvester  I.  Dun- 
ham, Jacob  Pote,  David  Kulhave,  A.  Hostetter,  John  G.  Joslin,  Gideon  H.  Ford, 
Henry  Booth,  Calvin  C.  Reed,  Ambrose  Parsons,  H.  Winchell,  William  Qark, 
Thomas  J.  Peak,  Benejah  Beardsley,  J.  C.  Raffety,  Charles  Johnson,  The  grand 
jury  was  empanelled  and  sworn.    John  G.  Joslin  was  appointed  foreman. 

The  petit  jurors  were:  F.  Dalbey,  Joshua  Johnson,  G.  B.  Laughlin,  Barrett 
Whittemore,  J.  E.  Greene,  Daniel  Vance,  Richard. Cleaveland,  I.  Merritt,  Moses 
Garrison,  Alexander  Staley,  Jacob  Cornwall,  Benjamin  Chaplin,  J.  E.  Lovcjoy, 
P.  H.  Turner,  W.  H.  Jones,  Alvin  Winchell,  Harry  Hargodem,  O.  Delong, 
Qement  Russell,  James  Spencer,  George  H.  Brown,  Qark  Joslin,  Eli  Brown, 
George  H.  Walworth. 

On  the  day  following  the  grand  jury  made  their  report  to  the  court  with  but 
one  indictment  as  follows : 

Indictment  for  Assault  to  Inflict  a  Bodily  Injury. 
A  True  Bill. 



At  this  first  session  of  court  two  appeal  cases  came  up  for  hearing,  one,  United 
States  versus  Robert  Snowden,  was  dismissed,  and  the  other,  Francis  Sibbals 
versus  Calvin  C.  Reed,  was  continued  until  the  next  term  of  court  in  order  to 
secure  a  more  perfect  transcript.  The  petit  jury  was  not  called.  At  the  close  of 
the  second  day,  the  court  adjourned. 

The  next  session  of  the  court  was  at  Edinburg,  September  27,  1841. 

The  trial  of  Robert  Snowden  on  the  charge  preferred  against  him  in  the  first 
indictment  found  in  the  county,  did  not  take  place  until  March  28,  1842.  The 
petit  jurors  who  were  sworn  to  well  and  truly  determine  the  guilt  or  innocence  of 
the  party  charged,  were:  David  Hutton,  S.  Garrison.  C.  C.  Walworth,  Luther 
Reed,  W.  H.  H.  Bowen,  Jos.  E.  Greene,  John  Royal,  Hiram  Stewart,  A.  Pate, 
Robert  Kelso,  Israel  Spencer,  John  E.  Holmes. 

It  is  also  a  tradition  that  as  the  weather  happened  to  be  warm  the  trial  was  held 
under  a  tree  out  doors  and  was  verily  a  public  trial.  And  that,  when,  at  the  dose 
of  the  evidence,  and  the  case  had  been  submitted  to  the  twelve  men  for  their  con- 
sideration, the  jury  retired  to  a  more  remote  tree  and  performed  the  duty  required 
of  them. 

The  court  record  at  this  time  recites  that,  "The  jury  aforesaid  came  into  court 
and  delivered  the  following  verdict,  to  wit,  *We  the  jury  find  the  defendant  not 
guilty.' "    The  court  docket  follows  with  the  significant  declaration :  "It  is  there- 

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fore  considered  by  the  court  that  the  said  defendant  go  hence  without  day,  and 
that  the  county  pay  the  costs  of  the  prosecution  in  this  cause. 

The  court  continued  to  meet  twice  a  year,  in  May  and  in  September,  until 
September,  1845.  The  next  record  shows  the  meeting  of  court  at  Edinburg  May 
24,  1847,  Judge  Wilson  presiding.  The  next  meeting  of  the  court  was  at  Lexing- 
ton, September  27,  1847. 

The  first  grand  jurors  at  Lexington  were:  Jos.  Miller,  Matthias  Porter,  Jas. 
P.  Crawford,  Isaac  Every,  E.  Sutherland,  M.  Flannigan,  Daniel  Shoemaker,  John 
Tallman,  T.  J.  Peak,  S.  G.  Matson,  John  Betzer,  Patrick  Donahue,  George  Gassept, 
C  C  Walworth,  A.  Beardsley,  Samuel  G.  Baccus,  Jacob  Miller,  Joseph  Ingraham, 
L  D.  M.  Crockwell.    Jacob  Miller  was  foreman. 

The  only  indictment  found  by  this  grand  jury  was  as  follows : 

Indictment  for  Selling  Liquor  without  a  License, 
A  True  BUI 



The  defendant  appeared  in  court  in  answer  to  the  indictment,  by  his  attorney 
and  filed  a  motion  to  quash  the  indictment,  and  upon  hearing  before  the  court,  the 
indictment  was  ordered  quashed. 

This  was  the  beginning  of  the  court  at  Lexington,  afterward  called  Anamosa. 
The  court  has  continued  to  meet  at  Anamosa  down  to  the  present  time. 


The  County  Court.  The  county  court  was  established  in  1851,  and  was 
vested  with  the  powers  previously  held  and  exercised  by  the  county  commissioners 
or  supervisors.  In  1861,  the  office  of  county  judge  was  so  modified  as  to  have 
jurisdiction  only  of  probate  matters,  and  the  judge  was  also  required  to  perform 
many  of  the  duties  now  required  of  the  county  auditor.  The  county  judges  were: 
i85i-5S»  Joseph  Mann;  1855-57,  G.  C.  Mudgett;  1857-58,  J.  J.  Ruber;  1859-61, 
William  H.  Holmes;  1862-64,  John  S.  Stacy;  1864-70,  Davis  McCarn.  The  of- 
fice of  county  judge  was  abolished,  the  act  taking  effect  January  i,  1870. 

The  Circuit  Court,  In  1869,  the  business  of  the  district  court  had  become  so 
great  that  a  new  court  was  created,  called  the  circuit  court.  This  court  exercised 
general  original  jurisdiction  concurrent  with  the  district  court  in  all  civil  actions 
and  special  proceedings,  and  exclusive  jurisdiction  in  all  appeals  and  writs  of  er- 
ror from  inferior  courts,  tribunals,  or  officers,  and  a  general  supervision  thereof 
in  all  civil  matters,  and  to  correct  and  prevent  abuses  where  no  other  remedy  is  pro- 
vided. The  circuit  court  also  had  original  and  exclusive  jurisdiction  of  all  probate 

The  judges  of  the  circuit  court  have  been ;  1869  to  1873,  Sylvanus  Yates;  1873 

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to  1881,  John  McKean;  1881  to  January,  1887,  Christian  Hedges.  The  circuit 
court  was  abolished  January  i,  1887. 

The  District  Court,  The  district  court  has  existed  since  the  earliest  days  of 
courts. in  Jones  county.  Thomas  S.  Wilson  of  Dubuque,  was  judge  of  the  district 
which  included  Jones  county  while  Iowa  continued  a  territory,  1 841 -1846.  Under 
the  state  government,  Jones  county  became  a  part  of  the  second  district,  over  which 
James  Grant  of  Scott  county  presided  five  years,  beginning  April  5,  1847.  T.  S. 
Wilson  of  Dubuque  county,  became  judge  in  April,  1852.  Jones  county  became  a 
part  of  the  eighth  judicial  district,  February  9,  1853.  By  act  of  the  seventh  gen- 
eral assembly  which  took  effect  July  4,  1858,  the  eighth  judicial  district  included 
the  counties  of  Johnson,  Iowa,  Tama,  Benton,  Linn,  Cedar  and  Jones. 

The  judges  of  the  district  court  since  1853,  have  been:  William  E.  Leffingwell, 
of  Clinton  county,  elected  April  4,  1853 ;  John  B.  Booth,  of  Jackson  county,  ap- 
pointed 1854;  William  H.  Tuthill,  of  Cedar  county,  elected  April  2,  1855 ;  William 
E.  Miller,  elected  October  12,  1858;  Norman  W.  Isbell,  elected  October  14,  1862; 
Charles  H.  Conklin,  appointed  August  19,  1864,  and  elected  November  8th,  fol- 
lowing; N.  M.  Hubbard,  appointed  November  15,  1865;  James  H.  Rothrock, 
elected  October  9,  1866;  John  Shane,  came  into  office  January,  1876,  and  con- 
tinued until  December,  1883;  J.  D.  Giffen,  came  into  office  December,  1883,  and 
continued  until  January  i,  1887,  when  the  eighteenth  judicial  district  was  formed. 

The  eighteenth  judicial  district  was  created  and  took  effect  January  I,  1887, 
and  at  that  time  the  circuit  court  was  abolished.  At  this  time  the  district  court 
was  vested  with  the  powers  the  circuit  court  had  exercised.  The  eighteenth  dis- 
trict consisted  of  the  counties  of  Linn,  Cedar  and  Jones,  and  the  act  creating  the 
district  provided  for  two  district  judges.  The  office  of  county  attorney  was  also 
created  at  this  time. 

The  judges  of  the  eighteenth  district  were:  From  January  i,  1887,  to  January 
I,  1895,  J.  H.  Preston  and  J.  D.  Giffin,  both  from  Linn  county;  from  January, 
1895,  Wm.  P.  Wolf,  of  Cedar  county,  and  Wm.  G.  Thompson  of  Linn  county, 
presided  until  the  death  of  Judge  Wolf  in  1890,  when  H.  M.  Remley  of  Jones 
county,  and  the  first  resident  judge,  was  appointed,  and  later  elected  to  fill  the 
vacancy ;  Judges  Remley  and  Thompson  presided  in  the  district,  the  former  until 
January,  1903,  and  the  latter  until  January,  1907.  By  act  of  the  legislature,  which 
took  effect  January  i,  1899,  the  district  was  allowed  three  judges.  W.  N.  Treich- 
ler  of  Cedar  county  was  elected  as  the  third  judge,  bes^inning  January  i,  1899. 
On  January  i,  1903,  B.  H.  Miller  of  Jones  county,  and  J.  H.  Preston  of  Linn 
county,  succeeded  H.  M.  Remley  and  W.  N.  Treichler.  From  January,  1903,  until 
January,  1907,  B.  H.  Miller,  J.  H.  Preston  and  W.  G.  Thompson,  presided  in  the 
district.  From  January.  1907,  F.  O.  Ellison  of  Jones  county,  Milo  P.  Smith  of 
Linn  county,  and  W.  N.  Treichler  of  Cedar  county,  have  presided,  and  these  three 
are  now  the  judges  of  the  eighteenth  judicial  district. 

As  at  present  constituted,  the  district  court  has  original  and  appellate  juris- 
diction in  all  matters,  civil,  criminal  and  probate.  Four  terms  are  held  each  year 
in  Jones  county,  the  dates  for  1909  being  March  ist.  May  17th,  September  20th, 
and  November  29th. 

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In  connection  with  the  judiciary  and  the  courts,  the  Jones  County  Bar  Asso- 
ciation should  be  mentioned.  We  have  been  unable  to  get  the  date  of  the  first 
organization  of  an  association  of  this  kind  in  the  county. 

The  present  association  was  organized  at  Anamosa,  in  March,  1900,  and  is  an 
organization  composed  of  the  lawyers  of  the  county  actively  engaged  in  the  prac- 
tice of  the  profession  of  the  law.  The  present  officers  are :  president,  M.  W.  Her- 
rick  of  Monticello;  secretary,  W.  I.  Chamberlain,  Wyoming;  treasurer,  A.  A. 
Cole,  Olin. 

The  association  held  a  number  of  meetings  when  first  organized  but  at  the 
present  time,  the  organization  is  merely  existing.  A  meeting  is  held  when  there  is 
anything  that  demands  attention.  The  banquets  which  have  been  held  have  been 
occasion  when  "the  feast  of  reason  and  flow  of  soul"  was  abundantly  manifest. 


The  present  members  of  the  association  and  in  the  active  practice  of  the  pro- 
fession of  law  in  the  county  are : 

Wyoming:  W.  I.  Chamberlain,  R.  M.  Corbit,  N.  W.  Hutchins. 

Monticello:  J.  W.  Doxsee,  M.  W.  Herrick,  E.  E.  Reed,  Wm.  Welch,  John 
Welch,  John  J.  Locher. 

Olin:  A.  A.  Cole. 

Oxford  JuncticHi :  D.  D.  Rorick. 

Anamosa:  B.  H.  Miller,  H.  M.  Remley,  J.  E.  Remley,  C.  B.  Paul,  C.  J.  Cash, 
Geo.  Gorman,  B.  E.  Rhinehart,  Geo.  Lawrence,  Davis  McCarn,  J.  S.  Stacey. 
Park  Chamberlain  also  practices  law  in  connection  with  his  duties  in  the  national 

The  law  firms  in  the  county  are :  Welch  &  Welch,  Monticello ;  Miller  &  Paul, 
Anamosa;  Remley  &  Remley,  Anamosa;  Jamison,  Smyth  &  Gorman,  Anamosa; 
Herrick,  Cash  &  Rhinehart,  Anamosa  and  Monticello. 



The  data  in  regard  to  the  temperature,  rainfall,  snowfall  and  date  of  first  and 
last  frost  of  each  year  for  the  past  fifty  years  or  more,  which  is  herewith  pre- 
sented, is  as  near  correct  as  the  records  of  the  weather  bureau  at  Des  Moines  and 
Washington  could  give  it.  For  many  years  the  weather  bureau  at  Monticello  was 
in  charge  of  M.  M.  Moulton,  and  during  the  later  years,  the  station  was  in  charge 
of  H.  D.  Smith.  Those  who  were  acquainted  with  Mr.  Smith  during  his  life 
time,  know  with  what  precision  he  made  his  observations  and  kept  his  records. 
After  the  death  of  Mr.  Smith,  the  weather  station  was  removed  to  Olin,  about 
the  beginning  of  1906.  These  tables  will  be  found  to  be  of  inestimable  value  as 
the  years  go  by,  for  reference  and  comparison. 

Digitized  by 




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Date  of 
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June  11 
May   7 
June  5 
April  20 
May  22 
June  13 
May  30 
May  21 
May  21 
June   4 
May  16 
May  16 
June  19 
June  8 
June  13 
May  11 
May  17 
May  26 
May  21 
June  6 
April  29 
May  10 
May   2 
May  13 
May  18 
May  17 
June  21 
June  10 
June  10 
May   6 
April  15 

Sept   29 
Sept   16 
Sept.   16 
Sept   10 
Sept   20 
Sept   27 
Sept.   20 
Sept   23 
August  28 
Sept    2 
Sept.   12 
Sept   28 
Sept.   25 
August  25 
Sept   19 
Sept   30 
Sept.   21 
Sept   10 
Sept   13 
Sept   26 
October  13 
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Sept   27 
Sept    8 
Sept.   30 
Sept   11 
Sept   27 
Sept   18 
Sept   11 
Sept    9 
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May  81 
May  30 
May  19 
June  3 
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June  2 
May  30 
May  20 
May  27 
May  27 
May  28 
May  31 
May  27 
April  22 
April  80 
May  13 
April  19 
May   6 
May  25 
April  24 
June  12 
May  81 
April  80 

Sept.   12 
Sept   23 
Sept.    5 
October  9 
Sept    5 
August  31 
August  24 
Sept.    1 
Aug.   •20 
Sept.   13 
August  28 
Sept    6 
August  30 
Sept   11 
Sept   SO 
Sept   20 
Sept.   20 
October  5 
Sept   13 
Sept.   17 
Sept    8 
Sept.   12 
Sept.   17 

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May  10 
May  28 
May   2 
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Sept   28 
Sept.   26 



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Digitized  by 




The  war  record  herein  given  is  the  same  as  was  contained  in  the  Jones  County 
History  of  1879,  with  such  additions  as  the  editor  has  been  able  to  find. — Editor, 

If  there  is  any  one  thing  more  than  another  of  which  the  people  of  the  north- 
ern states  have  reason  to  be  proud,  it  is  of  the  record  they  made  during  the  dark 
and  bloody  days  of  the  war  of  the  rebellion.  When  the  war  was  forced  upon  the 
country,  the  people  were  quietly  pursuing  the  even  tenor  of  their  ways,  doing 
whatever  their  hands  found  to  do— making  farms  or  cultivating  those  already 
made,  erecting  homes,  founding  cities  and  towns,  building  shops  and  manufac- 
tories— in  short,  the  country  was  alive  with  industry  and  hopes  for  the  future. 
The  people  were  just  recovering  from  the  depressions  and  losses  incident  to  the 
financial  panic  of  1857.  The  future  looked  bright  and  promising,  and  the  indus- 
trious and  patriotic  sons  and  daughters  of  the  free  states  were  buoyant  with  hope 
— looking  forward  to  the  perfecting  of  new  plans  for  the  securement  of  comfort 
and  competence  in  the  declining  years  of  life ;  they  little  heeded  the  mutterings 
and  threatenings  of  treason's  children  in  the  slave  states  of  the  south.  True  sons 
and  descendants  of  the  heroes  of  the  "times  that  tried  men's  soul" — ^the  struggle 
for  American  independence — they  never  dreamed  that  there  was  even  one  so  base 
as  to  dare  attempt  the  destruction  of  the  Union  of  their  fathers — a  government 
baptized  with  the  best  blood  the  world  ever  knew.  While  immediately  surrounded 
with  peace  and  tranquility,  they  paid  but  little  attention  to  the  rumored  plots  and 
plans  of  those  who  lived  and  grew  rich  from  the  sweat  and  toil,  blood  and  flesh 
of  others ;  aye,  even  trafficked  in  the  offspring  of  their  own  loins.  Nevertheless, 
the  war  came,  with  all  its  attendant  horrors. 

April  12,  1 861,  Fort  Sumter,  at  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  Maj.  Anderson, 
U.  S.  A.,  commandant,  was  fired  upon  by  rebel  arms.  Although  basest  treason, 
this  first  act  in  the  bloody  reality  that  followed,  was  looked  upon  as  the  mere  bra- 
vado of  a  few  hot-heads,  the  act  of  a  few  fire-eaters  whose  sectional  bias  and 
freedom  hatred  was  crazed  by  excessive  indulgence  in  intoxicating  potions. 
When,  a  day  later,  the  news  was  borne  along  the  telegraphic  wires  that  Maj.  An- 
derson had  been  forced  to  surrender  to  what  had  at  first  been  regarded  as  a 
drunken  mob,  the  patriotic  people  of  the  north  were  startled  from  the  dreams 
of  the  future,  from  undertakings  half  completed,  and  made  to  realize  that  behind 
that  mob  there  was  a  dark,  deep  and  well-organized  purpose  to  destroy  the  gov- 
ernment, rend  the  Union  in  twain,  and  out  of  its  ruinr>  erect  a  slave  oligarchy, 
wherein  no  one  would  dare  question  their  right  to  hold  in  bondage  the  sons  and 
daughters  of  men  whose  skins  were  black,  or  who,  perchance,  through  practices  of 
lustful  natures,  were  half  or  quarter  removed  from  the  color  that  God,  for  His 
own  purposes,  had  given  them.  But  "they  reckoned  without  their  host."  Their 
dreams  of  the  future,  their  plans  for  the  establishment  of  an  independent  confed- 
eracy, were  doomed  from  their  inception  to  sad  and  bitter  disappointment. 

Immediately  upon  the  surrender  of  Fort  Sumter,  Abraham  Lincoln — America's 
martyr  president — who,  but  a  few  short  weeks  before,  had  taken  the  oath  of  office 
as  the  nation's  chief  executive,  issued  a  proclamation  calling  for  seventy-five 
thousand  volunteers  for  three  months.  The  last  word  of  that  proclamation  had 
scarcely  been  taken  from  the  electric  wires  before  the  call  was  filled.    Men  and 

Digitized  by 



money  were  counted  out  by  the  thousands.  The  people  who  loved  their  whole 
gfovemnient  could  not  give  enough.  Patriotism  thrilled  and  vibrated  and  pul- 
sated through  every  heart.  The  farm,  the  workshop,  the  dfice,  the  pulpit,  the 
bar,  the  bench,  the  college,  the  schoolhouse — every  calling  offered  its  best  men, 
their  lives  and  their  fortunes  in  defense  of  the  government's  honor  and  unity. 
Party  lines  were  for  the  time  ignored.  Bitter  words,  spoken  in  moments  of  po- 
litical heat,  were  forgotten  and  forgiven,  and,  joining  hands  in  a  common  cause, 
they  repeated  the  oath  of  America's  soldier-statesman,  **By  the  Great  Eternal  the 
Union  must  and  shall  be  preserved!" 

Seventy-five  thousand  men  were  not  enough  to  subdue  the  rebellion.  Nor 
were  ten  times  that  number.  The  war  went  on,  and  call  followed  call,  until  it 
began  to  look  as  if  there  would  not  be  men  enough  in  all  the  free  states  to  crush 
out  and  subdue  the  monstrous  war  traitors  had  inaugurated.  But  to  every  call  for 
either  men  or  money,  there  was  a  willing  and  ready  response.  And  it  is  a  boast 
of  the  people  that,  had  the  supply  of  men  fallen  short,  there  were  women  brave 
enough,  daring  enough,  patriotic  enough,  to  have  oflFered  themselves  as  sacrifices 
on  their  country's  altar.  Such  were  the  impulses,  motives  and  actions  of  the  pa- 
triotic men  of  the  north,  among  whom  the  loyal  sons  of  Jones  coimty,  Iowa,  made 
a  conspicuous  and  praiseworthy  record. 

The  compiler  has  sought  to  secure  a  continuous  record  of  all  the  patriotic 
meetings  of  the  people  of  the  county  in  the  order  in  which  they  took  place,  but 
as  many  meetings  were  held  of  which  no  record  was  kept,  except  in  the  faithful 
breasts  of  loyal  men  and  liberty-loving  women,  the  war  history  must  be  more  or 
less  fragmentary,  and,  in  a  great  measure,  not  as  satisfactory  as  he  had  hoped  to 
have  made  it.  He  had  searched  all  the  files  of  newspapers  published  in  the  county 
at  the  time,  and  the  result  of  his  research  is  given  below.  He  feels  gratified  to 
state  that  enough  has  been  secured  to  testify  most  emphatically  to  the  unbounded 
heroism  and  lofty  patriotism  of  the  loyal  citizens  of  Jones  county  during  the  days 
of  the  nation's  darkest  forebodings.  No  county  in  the  state  sent  out  braver  men, 
and  no  state  in  the  Union  can  boast  of  a  more  glorious  record. 


Pursuant  to  notice,  the  citizens  of  Jones  county,  irrespective  of  party,  assem- 
bled in  mass  convention  at  the  courthouse,  in  Anamosa,  on  Saturday,  the  19th  day 
of  January,  1861,  at  11  o'clock  A.  M. 

On  motion  of  Dr.  N.  G.  Sales,  Messrs.  Davis  McCam  and  E.  V.  Miller  were 
appointed  temporary  chairmen,  and  Matt  Parrott  and  J.  L.  Sheean,  secretaries. 

On  motion  of  W.  G.  Hammond,  Esq.,  the  chair  was  empowered  to  appoint  a 
committee  of  five  on  permanent  organization,  and  appointed  as  such  committee 
Messers.  W.  G.  Hammond,  N.  G.  Sales,  George  W.  Field,  C.  Chapman  and  C.  T. 

E.  Cutler,  Esq.,  moved  that  the  convention  adjourn  for  one  week — ^the  late 
storm  having  prevented  an  attendance  from  the  other  parts  of  the  county.    Lost. 

On  motion  of  O.  Burke,  Esq.,  the  chair  appointed  O.  Burke,  J.  J.  Dickinson, 
S.  T.  Pierce,  E.  Cutler  and  J.  Mann  as  a  committee  on  resolutions.  The  committee 
assembled  at  the  time  designated. 

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The  committee  on  permanent  organization  reported  as  follows:  president,  G. 
W.  Field;  vice-presidents,  Messrs.  J.  Mann,  W.  H.  Holmes  and  F.  L.  McKean; 
secretaries,  Messrs.  John  S.  Stacey  and  J.  L.  Sheean — which  report  was  received 
and  adopted. 

The  committee  on  resolutions,  not  being  ready  to  report,  the  convention  was 
addressed  by  N.  G.  Sales,  W.  G.  Hammond  and  others.  The  committee  on  reso- 
lutions appeared,  and,  through  S.  T.  Pierce,  Esq.,  reported  the  following  preamble 
and  resolutions : 

Whereas,  The  people  of  Jones  county,  in  mass  convention  assembled,  without 
distinction  of  party,  believing  that  the  present  unhappy  condition  of  our  country 
demands  the  immediate  and  serious  attention  of  every  good  citizen  and  patriot; 
and,  further,  believing  that  it  is  idle  and  impolitic  to  discuss  the  cause  of  present 
calamities,  but  most  expedient  to  search  for  a  remedy  which  will  cure  our  present 
difficulties  and  secure  to  us  permanent  and  national*  tranquility,  and  to  that  end 
and  for  that  purpose  we  will  divest  ourselves  of  party  feelings  and  sectional  pre- 
judices, in  order  to  best  promote  and  secure  present  and  future  harmony  and 
union ;  therefore, 

Resolved,  That  we  are  unwilling  now  to  abandon  or  in  the  least  endanger  the 
Union  of  the  states,  which  has  existed  so  long  with  such  unprecedented  results, 
both  as  to  our  individual  and  national  happiness  and  prosperity. 

Resolved,  That  the  federal  government  is  one  of  limited  power  derived  solely 
from  the  Constitution,  and  the  grants  of  power  made  therein  ought  to  be  strictly 
construed  by  all  departments  and  agents  of  the  government. 

Resolved,  That  we  are  in  favor  of  the  equality  of  the  states  in  the  distribution 
of  all  benefits  and  burdens  of  our  government,  and  a  prompt,  energetic  and  im- 
partial administration  of  all  constitutional  laws;  and  upon  this  principle  we 
stand,  hoping  and  demanding  of  our  senators  and  representatives  in  congress  that 
they  will  make  every  effort  in  their  power  to  effect  an  equal,  liberal  and  equitable 
adjustment  of  present  national  difficulties. 

Resolved,  That  we  love  and  cherish  the  government  under  which  we  live,  and 
hold  in  high  esteem  and  regard  our  brothers  of  the  southern  states,  and  regret 
that  there  are  mutual  subjects  of  complaint  and  difference  existing  between  the 
northern  and  southern  sections  of  our  confederacy,  and  believe  that  our  differences 
can  be  better  settled  in  the  Union  than  out  of  it,  and  that  such  difficulties  and  dif- 
ferences can  be  arranged  and  settled  if  a  mutual  spirit  of  forebearance  and  good 
^ill  is  exercised  by  both  our  northern  and  southern  brethren,  and  that  it  is  a  right 
and  a  duty  we  owe  to  each  other  to  make  just  concessions  to  restore  peace  and 
harmony  between  the  different  sections  of  the  country. 

Resolved,  That,  in  the  words  of  James  Buchanan,  "resistance  to  lawful  au- 
thority, under  our  form  of  government,  cannot  fail,  in  the  end,  to  prove  disastrous 
to  its  authors  f  that  we  therefore  appeal  to  our  southern  brethren  to  cease  such 
resistance  and  to  submit  the  questions  in  dispute  between  us  to  the  constitutional 
authorities  of  our  common  country. 

Resolved,  That,  in  the  noble  stand  taken  by  Maj.  Anderson  in  defense  of  the 
flag  of  our  Union  and  the  property  it  should  protect  calls  for  the  admiration  and 
respect  of  every  lover  of  his  cotmtry. 

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On  motion  of  N.  G.  Sales,  the  report  of  the  committee  was  received  and  the 
committee  discharged.    Moved  that  the  resolutions  be  voted  on  separately.    Lost. 

On  motion  of  W.  H.  Holmes,  the  resolutions  were  adopted.  N.  G.  Sales  moved 
that  the  proceedings  of  the  convention,  with  the  resolutions  adopted,  be  published 
in  the  Anamosa  Eureka  and  the  Marion  Democrat,  Carried.  S.  T.  Pierce  moved 
that  a  copy  of  the  proceedings  and  resolutions  of  this  convention  be  forwarded 
to  each  of  our  senators  and  representatives  in  congress.    Carried. 

Oh  motion,  the  convention  adjourned  sine  die.  John  S.  Stacy  and  J.  L. 
Sheean,  secretaries. 


The  supervisors  of  Jones  county  closed  their  labors  Thursday,  June  6,  1861, 
by  passing  the  following : 

Whereas.  The  great  American  nation  has,  under  the  kind  guidance  of  Al- 
mighty God  and  a  patriotic  and  liberty-loving  people,  safely  passed  through 
eighty-four  anniversaries  without  the  hand  of  a  domestic  traitor  having  been 
raised  to  overthrow  the  noble  fabric  of  constitutional  liberty  raised  by  the  patri- 
ots of  the  Revolution ; 

And  Whereas,  In  the  present  year  of  grace,  1861,  and  on  the  eve  of  the  eighty- 
fifth  anniversay  of  our  national  independence,  we  see,  for  the  first  time,  numerous 
and  thoroughly  organized  traitors  raising  their  fratricidal  hands  with  a  view  to 
force  the  dismemberment  and  overthrow  of  the  best  government  on  the  earth, 
we  deem  it  expedient  to  call  upon  the  whole  people  of  Jones  county  to  come  to- 
gether on  the  approaching  4th  day  of  July,  and,  with  united  hearts  and  hands 
manifest  their  devotion  to  the  nation,  its  unity,  and  the  principles  of  the  Declara- 
tion of  Independence ;  therefore 

Resolved,  That  the  board  appoint  a  committee  of  citizens  from  each  township, 
request  them  to  make  all  necessary  arrangements  for  the  celebration  of  the  eighty- 
fifth  anniversary  of  American  independence. 

Resolved,  That  we  recommend  that  the  citizens  of  the  whole  county  assemble 
at  the  grove  half  a  mile  south  of  the  center  of  the  county,  in  the  northeast  comer 
of  Jackson  township,  and  bring  with  them  such  provisions  and  lumber  as  will  be 
sufficient  to  provide  tables  and  refreshments  for  all. 

Resolved,  That  the  committee  be  requested  to  provide  a  band  of  music,  powder 
and  speakers  for  the  occasion. 

Resolved,  That  the  following  individuals  in  the  various  townships  are  hereby 
appointed  a  committee  to  make  all  necessary  arrangements;  and  they  are  re- 
quested to  meet  on  the  ground  where  said  celebration  is  proposed  to  be  held,  on 
the  20th  day  of  June,  at  10  o'clock  A.  M.,  and  there  take  such  action  as  to  them 
may  seem  proper:  Names  of  committee — Cass,  E.  B.  Alderman;  Castle  Grove, 
Thomas  J.  Peak ;  Clay,  John  Russell ;  Fairview,  N.  G.  Sales,  C.  C.  Buell ;  Green- 
field, Elias  V.  Miller;  Hale,  Don  A.  Carpenter;  Jackson,  Daniel  N.  Monroe; 
Madison,  John  Niles;  Monticello,  W.  H.  Walworth;  Oxford,  Milo  C.  Lathrop; 
Richland,  Isaac  Willard;  Rome,  Charles  H.  Lull;  Scotch  Grove,  A,  J.  Allen; 
Washington,  Thomas  McNally;  Wayne,  Noah  Bigley;  Wyoming,  James  A. 

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Resolved,  That  the  sum  of  one  hundred  dollars,  or  so  much  thereof  as  may  be 
necessary,  is  hereby  appropriated  from  the  county  treasury  for  the  purpose  of 
providing  music  and  powder. 

Thus  it  is  seen  that  the  board  of  supervisors  of  Jones  county,  in  1861,  were 
decidedly  loyal  and  eminently  patriotic. 


A  union  meeting  was  held  in  the  grove  near  the  village  of  Rome,  on  the  24th 
of  May,  1861.  The  citizens  of  the  town  and  vicinity  turned  out  en  masse.  The 
meeting  came  to  order  by  electing  Ezra  Carpenter,  Esq.,  chairman. 

A  patriotic  and  soul-stirring  address  was  delivered  by  the  Rev.  O.  E.  Aldrich, 
which  was  received  with  frequent  demonstrations  of  appfeuse  by  the  people.  Af- 
ter the  address,  three  cheers  were  given  for  the  Union,  with  a  vim  that  spoke  love 
for  our  county  and  death  to  traitors.  A  company  of  home  guards  at  this  time  was 
nearly  full.    E.  C.  Rigby  was  the  secretary  at  the  above  meeting. 


A  grand  county  celebration  of  the  4th  of  July,  took  place  in  pursuance  of  the 
resolutions  and  suggestions  of  the  board  of  supervisors,  made  at  their  June  meet- 
ing in  1861.    The  celebration  was  on  Thursday,  the  4th  of  July,  1861. 

The  perilous  condition  of  the  country  brought  men  of  all  parties  together  to 
observe  the  anniversary  of  our  national  birth,  and  to  repeat  anew  their  vows  to 
freedom.  Early  in  the  morning,  teams,  singly  and  in  companies,  began  to  throng 
from  all  parts  of  the  county  toward  the  point  which  had  been  designated  by  the 
board  of  supervisors,  near  the  center  of  the  county.  At  10  o'clock,  a.  m.,  the 
scene  was  the  strangest  of  the  kind  ever  encountered  in  the  west.  The  road  ran 
along  a  high  ridge,  and  on  both  sides  of  it  and  on  each  of  the  wide  and  gently 
sloping  spurs,  shooting  out  every  few  rods,  were  horses,  wagons,  buggies,  car- 
riages, men,  women,  children  and  babies  by  the  thousands;  and,  in  every  direc- 
tion, the  American  flag  floated  in  the  light  and  refreshing  breeze,  which,  with 
the  shade  of  the  sufficiently  abundant  oaks,  tempered  the  heat  of  a  warm  summer 
day.  Such  an  assembly  in  a  city  is  common  enough,  but  this  was  an  assembly  in 
the  wilderness.  Not  a  house,  not  a  sign  that  man  had  touched  nature  here  was 
visible,  save  in  the  few  brief  days'  labor  of  the  committee  of  preparation.  It  was 
a  fitting  place  wherein  to  assemble  on  such  a  day  and  for  such  a  purpose,  when  the 
nation  was  in  its  life  and  death  struggle  for  existence. 

The  committee  of  arrangements  had  done  as  well  as  could  be  hoped  for  in  the 
short  time  allowed  them,  and  better  than  could  have  been  expected.  On  the 
rather  steep  slope  of  a  spur,  north  of  the  road,  a  staging  had  been  erected  facing 
up  the  slope,  and,  in  front  of  this,  seats  sufficient  to  accommodate,  perhaps,  one 
thousand  persons.  Back  of  the  stage,  and  at  the  bottom  of  the  ravine,  a  well  had 
been  dug  some  ten  or  more  feet  deep,  and,  at  the  bottom,  a  barrel  fixed.  It  was 
a  comical  sort  of  a  well,  but  it  served  the  purpose,  in  a  measure,  for  some  hours. 

On  another  ridge  and  back  of  the  wall,  stood  the  six-pounder,  manned  by  the 
Wyoming  Artillery  Company,  in  gray   shirts,   under   Capt.  Walker.    The   other 

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military  companies  were  the  Canton  Company,  Capt.  Hanna ;  they  wore  red  mili- 
tary coats,  were  armed  with  rifles  and  were  fine  looking;  the  Rough  and  Readys' 
of  Rome,  Capt.  L.  A.  Roberts,  with  blue  military  coats,  white  pants  and  glazed 
caps,  sixty-five  men,  also  fine  looking;  Carpenter's  Company,  Rome,  Capt.  Car- 
penter, eighty  men,  with  gray  coats,  likewise  made  a  fine  appearance ;  the  Green- 
field Company,  mounting  eighty  men,  John  Secrist,  commander;  these  were  in 
frock  coats  and  wore  white  plumes ;  they,  too,  showed  well,  and  still  more  in  drill 
and  fitness  tor  the  most  desperate  fighting ;  the  Scotch  Grove  Guards,  from  Scotch 
Grove,  Capt.  Magee,  formed  a  large  company ;  these  wore  no  uniforms,  but  their 
appearance  indicated  they  were  the  right  men  for  fighting.  There  were  six  com- 
panies of  young  men,  all  formed  and  drilled,  in  the  space  of  three  months.  It 
appears  that  all  these  entered  the  army  in  due  time  and  did  good  service. 

The  proceedings  at  the  stand  were  patriotic  and  entertaining.  During  the 
reading  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,  the  general  attention  was  close,  and 
the  responsibilities  of  the  hour  seemed  to  impress  all  minds.  The  singing,  with 
the  marshal  waving  the  star-spangled  banner  to  the  words,  was  very  effective. 
The  address  was  by  a  Mr.  Utley — a  good  Union  speech,  and  was  very  generally 
approved.  Music  by  the  various  military  bands  was  abundant  and  lively.  The 
picnic  that  followed  was  much  enjoyed  by  all  who  partook  of  dainties  provided 
for  the  occasion.  The  military  went  through  with  some  of  their  exercises  and 
then  the  proceedings  of  the  afternoon  began,  which  consisted  of  speeches  from 
different  persons,  when,  owing  to  a  want  of  an  abundant  supply  of  water,  the  vast 
assembly  was  dispersed  at  a  much  earlier  hour  than  it  otherwise  would  have  been. 

It  was  evident  that  the  loyalty  of  Jones  county  could  be  relied  upon,  and  that 
her  citizens  were  ready  to  do  their  full  duty  in  crushing  out  treason. 


Up  to  the  19th  of  July,  1861,  Jones  county  had  sent  no  company  of  its  own  to 
the  war.  but  had  contributed  many  of  its  best  citizens  to  companies  raised  in 
adjoining  counties. 

At  least  a  half-dozen  men  went  into  Capt.  Leffingweirs  mounted  company. 
Four  went  from  the  village  of  Bowen's  Prairie,  viz.,  Howard  Smith,  Orin  Crane. 
Theodore  Hopkins  and  Isaac  White.  Their  departure  for  the  seat  of  war  was 
the  occasion  of  a  very  pleasant  scene  which  occurred  at  their  rendezvous  in  the 
beautiful  grove  near  the  residence  of  Otis  Whittemore.  The  Home  Guards  of 
that  town,  under  command  of  Lieut.  Isaac  Willard,  escorted  them  some  miles  on 
their  way,  after  a  solemn  leave-taking  and  addresses  by  Messrs.  Bates,  Searle, 
Johnson,  O.  Whittemore,  Willard,  Briggs  and  Hopkins.  Rev.  Mr.  Searle  was 
with  the  mounted  escort,  and  offered,  on  horseback,  a  prayer  that  was  alike  im- 
pressive in  itself  and  in  the  circumstances  and  situation  of  its  delivery. 

Mr.  White  had  not  volunteered  with  the  rest,  but  sat  watching  the  proceedings, 
when  Curtis  Stone,  Esq.,  rode  up  on  a  fine  horse,  the  best  he  owned.  *'If  I  had 
that  horse,"  said  White,  "I  would  go  too.*'  "Take  it,"  was  the  reply.  "It  is 
yours."  No  sooner  said  than  done.  White  vaulted  into  the  saddle  and  started  to 
fight  for  his  country. 

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Here  is  another  incident,  which  we  take  from  the  Dubuque  Times  (dated  in 
July,  1861): 

**A  Patriotic  Clergyman, — A  gentleman  from  this  city  has  been  enlisting  men 
in  Jones  county  for  the  cavalry  company  of  which  Col.  Heath  is  lieutenant.  In 
Scotch  Grove  township,  a  young  man  enlisted  and  went  to  a  clergyman  to  buy  a 
horse.  The  reverend  gentleman  said  he  had  no  horse  to  sell  for  this  war,  but, 
pointing  to  the  best  one  he  had,  'There's  one,*  said  he,  'which  you  are  welcome 
to.' " 

Such  patriotism  is  praiseworthy. 


About  the  loth  of  August,  1861,  William  T.  Shaw,  Esq.,  who  had  been  ap- 
pointed commissary  by  the  governor,  was  notified  that  a  company  of  volunteers 
would  be  accepted,  and  he  immediately  went  to  work  to  raise  it.  The  various 
companies  of  Home  Guards  were  invited  to  come  to  Anamosa,  and  on  Monday, 
the  I2th  of  August,  twenty-eight  wagons  came  in  from  Rome,  Hale,  Jackson  and 
Madison  townships,  bringing  a  company  under  Capt.  Carpenter.  Tuesday,  some 
eighteen  or  twenty  wagons  arrived  from  Scotch  Grove,  with  thirty-five  men, 
under  Capt.  Magee,  and  accompanied  by  thirty  ladies.  This  latter  company  was 
met  at  the  depot  by  those  who  came  the  day  previous  and  the  Greenfield  Home 
Guards,  who  escorted  them  to  the  Fisher  House,  the  Scotch  Grove  ladies  falling 
into  the  procession  behind,  and  remaining  in  line  with  them  until  dismissed  for 

In  the  afternoon,  a  meeting  was  held  at  the  city  hall,  for  the  purpose  of  filling 
the  company,  electing  officers,  and  so  forth.  But,  unfortunately,  a  split  occurred 
in  r^^rd  to  the  destination  of  the  company.  The  Scotch  Grove  boys  said  they 
volunteered  under  a  promise  to  be  taken  to  Washington,  and  did  not  want  to 
go  anywhere  else,  while  Mr.  Shaw  had  orders  for  the  company  to  proceed  to 
Davenport,  from  whence  they  were  to  go  to  Missouri.  The  Scotch  Grove  boys 
and  fifteen  volunteers  from  Bow  en's  prairie  finally  withdrew,  declaring  they 
would  make  up  another  company. 

The  company  under  Captain  Carpenter  remained,  and  most  of  them  signed 
the  muster  roll.  The  election  resulted  in  the  unanimous  choice  of  D.  A.  Car- 
penter for  captain.  The  company  not  being  full,  men  were  sent  out  to  drum  up 
recruits,  and  at  the  time  of  starting,  the  company  numbered  sixty-three  men. 

Thursday  morning  was  the  time  fixed  upon  for  the  departure  of  the  com- 
pany. At  an  early  hour,  the  friends  of  the  volunteers  came  pouring  into  town 
by  hundreds.  The  men  were  formed  into  line  in  front  of  the  Fisher  House,  and 
each  one  was  presented  with  a  testament  by  the  Jones  County  Bible  Society.  Rev. 
Mr.  Eberhart  making  a  few  appropriate  remarks  during  the  presentation. 

Mr.  Buell  was  then  called  upon,  and  briefly  addressed  the  company,  pving 
them  some  good  advice,  wishing  them  God-speed  and  a  safe  return,  and  bidding 
them  farewell. 

The  company  was  then  marched  to  the  depot,  where  was  assembled  the  largest 
crowd  seen  in  the  town  for  a  long  time.  Many  ladies  were  present  through  the 
entire  morning  and  up  to  the  moment  the  cars  started.    There  were  many  sad 

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faces  and  a  few  cheerful  ones ;  many,  tears,  and  some  manly  tears,  too,  were  shed. 
The  boys  took  their  seats,  the  conductor  gave  the  word,  and  the  cars  and  their 
precious  load  were  off. 

Thus  the  first  Jones  county  company  was  formed  and  took  its  departure  for 
the  seat  of  war. 


Monday,  the  19th  of  August,  1861,  was  an  epoch  in  the  history  of  Jones 
county.  If  any  one  had  ever  doubted  the  patriotic  feeling  of  its  citizens,  they 
could  no  longer  do  so.  The  fires  of  patriotism  burned  brightly  in  their  bosoms, 
and  their  devotion  to  the  cause  of  civil  and  religious  liberty  was  clearly  evinced 
by  their  ardor  in  responding  to  the  call  of  their  country,  and  showed,  beyond  a 
doubt  that  the  noble  blood  of  '76  was  still  coursing  in  their  veins;  and  they 
were  prepared,  if  necessary,  to  shed  their  blood  for  the  preservation  of  those 
rights  and  that  liberty  which  were  won  by  the  blood  and  sacrifices  of  our  fathers. 
It  had  been  announced  that  on  Monday,  the  19th  inst.,  the  company  of  Jones 
county  volunteers,  under  Captain  Harper,  would  meet  at  the  picnic  grounds  near 
Monticello,  and  be  presented  with  a  flag  by  the  ladies  of  Bowen's  Prairie.' 
About  noon,  the  volunteers  from  Scotch  Grove,  Clay  and  vicinity,  began  to 
arrive  at  Monticello  accompanied  by  a  large  concourse  of  friends.  After  par- 
taking of  dinner  provided  by  the  landlord  at  Monticello,  the  procession,  consist- 
ing of  sixty-four  teams,  proceeded  to  the  grounds  with  banners  flying  and  drums 
beating.  Upon  arriving  at  the  grounds,  the  procession  from  Bowen's  Prairie 
was  seen  winding  its  way  into  the  grove,  consisting  of  volunteers,  people,  colors 
and  music.  The  two  processions  soon  formed  themselves  around  the  speaker's 
stand,  and  the  meeting  was  organized  by  calling  John  D.  Walworth  to  act  as 
president.  An  appropriate  and  eloquent  prayer  was  then  offered  by  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Bates,  of  Cascade.  Mr.  Clark  then  sang  the  "Red,  White  and  Blue." 
After  the  song,  Miss  Emma  Crane,  in  behalf  of  the  ladies  of  Bowen's  Prairie, 
then  presented  the  company  with  an  elegant  flag  accompanied  by  the  following 
address : 

"Jones  County  Volunteers:  As  the  representative  of  and  in  behalf  of  the 
ladies  of  Bowen's  Prairie,  I  appear  before  you  holding  in  my  hand  the  emblem 
of  our  country's  purity,  liberty  and  greatness — ^the  Stars  and  Stripes.  I  have 
the  honor  and  pleasure  of  bestowing  upon  you  and  consigning  to  your  charge 
this  banner,  as  the  free  gift  of  the  ladies  of  Bowen's  Prairie;  and,  upon  your 
reception  of  this  simple  favor,  may  I  be  allowed  the  privilege  of  briefly  ex- 
pressing the  sentiments  of  its  donors;  and  I  would  especially  impress  upon 
your  minds  the  idea  that  I  come  not  fresh  from  the  school-girl's  sanctum,  with 
a  labored  essay  of  fairy  scenes  and  flowery  fields,  to  quiet  your  minds  to  a  stan- 
dard of  peaceful  home  life.  No!  I  come  to  speak  to  you  of  the  agitated 
state  of  your  country,  in  which  woman  feels,  or  should  feel,  the  same  spirit  of 
animation  the  governs  your  purposes  and  actions.  And  if,  in  thus  assuming 
this  prerogative,  my  language  should  seem  uncouth  or  lack  versatility,  I  hope 
I  may  receive  the  charitable  indulgence  of  all,  for,  you  must  be  aware,  to  com- 
municate upon  a  topic  that  very  seldom  falls  to  the  lot  of  a  woman,  and  in  a 

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time  and  under  circumstances  tiiat  have  never  before  presented  themselves  to 
the  women  of  our  country,  is  an  eflfort  that  demands  the  tongue  of  excellence. 

"We  now  look  upon  you  in  a  military  capacity,  organized  as  a  band  of  soldiers, 
and  each  of  you  more  or  less  animated  by  the  enthusiasm  that  universally  per- 
vades every  true  American  heart  at  this  time.  While  looking  out  upon  the 
scene  before  you,  of  mighty  convulsions,  an  extensive  civil  war  threatening  the 
very  foundations  of  the  noble  institutions  of  our  government  upon  which  our 
individual  prosperity  is  based,  we  come  to  ask  of  you :  What  is  the  standard  of 
your  enthusiasm?  Is  it  a  lofty  standard  of  public  morality?  Do  pure  and 
exalted  conceptions  of  truth  and  justice  pervade  your  hearts?  We  shall  acknowl- 
edge nothing  less  than  this  from  each  of  you.  You  want  our  reasons?  You 
shall  have  them.  This  is  no  time  for  idle  speculations  or  timid  misgivings. 
For  a  score  or  more  of  years  the  mighty  sluice-ways  of  political  corruption 
have  been  opening  and  swelling,  fed  and  fostered  by  an  arbitrary  disposition  on 
the  part  of  a  few,  to  curtail  and  crush  out  the  noble  privileges  enjoyed  by  the 
masses,  till  the  people  see  looming  fires  of  destruction  in  the  distance,  and 
awake  at  once  to  a  sense  of  their  danger  and  act  as  exigency  dictates.  Our 
country's  traitors  are  aroused,  and  announce  their  right  to  destroy  the  Union, 
and  they  have  placed  themselves  in  an  attitude  to  carry  out  their  intentions  at 
the  point  of  the  bayonet.  *  ♦  *  Soldiers!  we  have  put  to  you  one  plain 
question,  and  we  will  now  submit  one  still  plainer.  Are  you  afraid  to  fight? 
If  so,  you  are  not  worthy  recipients  of  that  flag  which  was  purchased,  and  that 
dearly,  by  blood;  and  it  must  be  sustained  and  protected,  however  difficult,  by 
the  same  element,  else  look  at  the  result — the  country  broken  and  ruined  in  all 
her  institutions,  and  naught  left  but  here  and  there  the  segments  of  what  it 
once  was.  *  *  *  We  have  too  much  confidence  in  you  and  in  our  cotmtry's 
defenders  to  suppose  that  such  a  state  of  things  can  ever  exist  in  our  land. 
Here  we  see  men  ripe  with  patriotism,  sound  in  sentiment,  full  of  vigor,  quick 
in  conception  to  thus  early  see  and  do  their  duty  and  their  country's  need,  full 
of  pride,  ambition  and  native  dignity,  freely  responding  to  their  country's  call. 
And  now,  soldiers,  divesting  myself  of  every  disposition  to  flattery,  we  have 
reason  to  feel  proud  of  you — ^Jones  county  has  reason  to  feel  proud  of  you — 
that  thus  you  so  willingly  enroll  yourselves,  and  freely  leave  your  homes,  your 
firesides,  your  parents,  brothers,  sisters  and  families  to  support  your  country's 
flag.  Now  take  this  flag,  and  may  its  folds  proudly  wave  above  your  heads 
wherever  your  country  calls!  Let  no  hishonor  ever  stain  this  emblem,  and  in 
advance  upon  the  foe  may  it  be  found  in  the  van!  Take  it!  Go  with  willing 
hearts!  Defend!  Sustain  it!  Bring  it  back  untarnished!  Then  look  for 
happy  homes  and  ever-greeting  friends." 

The  presentation  address  was  replied  to  by  Captain  Harper  on  behalf  of  the 
company,  in  a  few  appropriate  remarks,  thanking  the  ladies  for  their  beatitiful 
gift,  and  pledging  themselves  to  bear  it  aloft  in  the  van  and  to  defend  it  while 
one  was  alive  to  uphold  it,  and  return  with  it  or  on  it.  Rev.  Mr.  Bates,  of 
Cascade,  was  then  called  upon,  and  made  an  eloquent  speech  in  behalf  of  the 
Union  and  the  Constitution,  and,  among  other  things,  urged  the  necessity  not 
only  of  praying,  but  fighting.  Rev.  Mr.  Russell  addressed  the  crowd  in  a  few 
appropriate   remarks   upon  the  necessity  of   maintaining  the  government  and 

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sustaining  law  and  order  at  any  sacrifice  and  at  any  cost.  Rev.  Mr.  Benton, 
of  Anamosa,  also  spoke  to  the  volunteers  words  of  encouragement,  and  assured 
them  of  the  sympathy  and  confidence  of  their  friends,  and  maintained  that  the 
cause  for  which  they  were  engaging  to  fight  was  a  righteous  one  and  must  Be 

In  accordance  with  a  resolution  of  the  Jones  County  Bible  Society,  a  Testa- 
ment was  presented  to  each  of  the  volunteers,  in  behalf  of  the  society,  by  the 
Rev.  James  McKean,  of  Scotch  Grove.  In  making  the  presentation,  Mr.  McKean 
briefly  addressed  the  company,  urging  each  to  be  governed  by  the  precepts 
taught  in  that  book.  John  Russell  of  Clay  township,  replied  in  behalf  of  the 
company.  Appropriate  remarks  were  made  by  the  chairman  urging  the  duty  of 
volimteering  for  the  defense  of  our  country,  our  dearest  rights  and  our  blood- 
bought  principles.  The  recruits  then  fell  in  and  were  marched  to  the  table,  where 
they  and  a  large  number  of  others  partook  of  a  bountiful  collation,  prepared  by 
the  generous-hearted  people  of  Bo  wen's  Prairie. 

After  partaking  of  refreshments,  a  large  portion  of  the  crowd  dispersed, 
while  some  remained  to  listen  to  other  patriotic  addresses.  The  day  was  one 
long  to  be  remembered  by  the  patriotic  citizens  of  Jones  county,  and  fraught  with 
bursts  of  enthusiasm  for  Liberty  and  Union. 

Captain  Harper's  company  was  the  second  sent  out  from  Jones  county. 


Monday,  the  4th  of  November,  1861,  witnessed  a  large  turnout  of  the  inhabit- 
ants of  Anamosa  and  vicinity  to  attend  two  flag  presentations;  one  to  Captain 
Bueirs  company  and  one  to  Captain  Warner's  company,  and  the  departure 
of  Captain  Buell's  company  for  camp  at  Davenport,  Captain  Warner's  company 
having  already  left  for  the  same  place  the  week  previous. 

Early  in  the  morning,  teams  and  people  began  to  come  and  Captain  Buell's 
company  formed  in  front  of  the  Fisher  House,  under  First  Lieutenant  Calkins, 
preceded  by  the  Anamosa  Brass  Band,  and  next  by  the  ladies  who  got  up  and 
were  to  present  the  flags,  and  followed  by  the  soldiers  in  ranks,  the  procession 
marched  to  the  hill  west  of  the  depot,  where  the  ceremonies  took  place. 

The  committees  were:  For  Captain  Buell's  company — Mrs.  L.  A.  Eberhart, 
Miss  Eliza  Isbell  and  Miss  Emma  May;  Standard  Bearers,  Miss  Emma  May 
and  Miss  Lecia  Hopkins.  For  Captain  Warner's  company — Mrs.  P.  Smith, 
Miss  Carrie  Heacox  and  Miss  Emma  Crane;  Standard  Bearers,  Miss  Alice 
Crane  and  Miss  Marcia  Crane.  Miss  Eliza  Isbell  presented  the  flag  to  Captain 
Buell's  company,  with  the  following  eloquent  remarks: 

Captain  BuelL  It  is  with  intense  emotion  that  we  are  called  to  mingle  in 
these  passing  scenes.  That  the  present  state  of  our  country  requires  the  sacri- 
fice of  such  a  noble  band  of  men,  is  a  fact  which  thrills  our  hearts  with  pain. 
Yet  we  greatly  admire  that  lofty  patriotism  which  leads  you  thus  to  turn  away 
from  the  comforts  and  endearments  of  home  to  serve  our  country.  It  requires 
far  more  than  ordinary  devotion  to  the  cause  of  freedom,  and  it  is  in  token  of 
our  appreciation  of  such  devotion  that  we  present  to  you  these  our  national 
colors.    Never  have  we  loved  the  Stars  and  Stripes  as  we  do  now.    They  have 

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indeed  become  a  bond  of  union  between  the  hearts  of  all  true  American  free- 
men, and  never  will  we  yield  our  glorious  standard  to  the  hand  of  tyranny  or 

We  give  it  to  you,  knowing  that  you  love  it,  that  you  will  protect  it,  that  you 
will  fight  until  our  flag  shall  wave  from  north  to  south,  from  shore  to  shore 
of  our  loved  and  native  land.  Our  patriotic  enthusiasm  is  aroused  as  we  b^n 
to  realize  the  glory  of  those  deeds  which  have  been  accomplished  under  the 
shadow  of  our  national  banner.  But  it  is  mingled  with  thoughts  of  indignation 
against  those  who  trample  it  in  the  dust. 

From  our  hearts  we  bid  you  God-speed  in  the  contest  between  liberty  and 

iK        ♦         Ik         Ik         Ik        Ik 

Then  accept  this  humble  offering  from  the  ladies  of  Anamosa;  and  whilst  you 
are  engaged  in  the  strife  abroad,  we,  with  weaker  hands,  but  with  patriotic  hearts, 
will  plead  with  the  Invisible  One  in  behalf  of  those  who  defend  our  rights,  and 
for  the  speedy  triumph  of  our  holy  cause.  That  the  shield  of  the  Eternal  may 
be  your  defense,  that  each  one  of  you  may  return  to  your  homes,  crowned  with 
the  glory  of  successful  warfare,  that  you  may  yet  behold  this  nation  restored  to 
prosperity,  and  so  purified  by  this  fearful  struggle  as  to  become  a  fit  model  to  the 
nations  of  the  earth,  is  a  prayer  in  which  our  inmost  souls  shall  daily  join.  But 
should  any  of  these  proud  forms  be  laid  low  by  traitors'  hands,  it  will  be  falling 
nobly.  Our  grateful  hearts  shall  cherish  the  memory  of  your  patriotism,  and  if 
you  are  as  faithful  in  the  service  of  God  as  we  believe  you  will  be  in  that  of  your 
country,  it  will  be  passing  away  with  earthly  laurels  on  your  brows  to  unfading 
crowns  above. 

Captain  Buell  responded  in  a  feeling  manner,  thanking  the  ladies  for  their 
beautiful  gift,  and  pledging  himself  to  defend  it  to  the  best  of  his  ability.  Three 
cheers  were  then  given  for  the  ladies  of  Anamosa,  three  more  for  the  Stars  and 
Stripes,  and  three  more  for  the  Jones  County  Volunteers. 

The  next  flag  was  now  brought  forward  and  presented  to  Captain  Warner, 
who  had  tarried  behind  his  company  for  a  few  days.  Miss  Carrie  Heacox  made 
the  presentation  in  few  but  feeling  words,  as  follows : 

Captain  Warner:  In  behalf  of  the  ladies  of  Anamosa,  I  present  you  this 
flag,  and  with  it,  I  assure  you,  go  our  spontaneous  sympathies  and  our  heartfelt 
considerations  for  you  and  yours.  Go,  brave  men,  to  defend  the  American  flag 
and  the  sacred  rights  guaranteed  to  us  by  our  glorious  Constitution.  With  you 
go  our  fervent  prayers  and  fondest  hopes  that  you  may  return  with  this  flag  vic- 
torious, and  that  it  may  ever  wave  over  the  land  of  the  free  and  the  home  of 
the  brave.  God  bless  you.  Captain,  and  your  noble-hearted  men.  We  bid  you 
an  afi^ectionate  farewell. 

Captain  Warner  thanked  the  ladies  in  behalf  of  his  company,  for  the  flag, 
and  said  they  would  always  hold  them  in  grateful  remembrance. 

The  flags  were  got  up  handsomely  by  the  ladies  of  Anamosa,  and  the  his- 
torian takes  pleasure  in  recording  the  event  to  their  honor.  The  presentation, 
and,  in  short,  the  whole  affair,  showed  the  depth  and  intensity  of  the  feeling 
which  pervaded  the  whole  community,  in  regard  to  the  war  and  its  objects. 

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The  cars  had  now  arrived  from  Springville;  the  noble  boys  and  their  officers 
entered,  and  away  they  went  toward  the  seat  of  war. 


A  number  of  Masons  and  Odd  Fellows  having  joined  the  companies  which 
had  left  the  county  recently,  the  members  of  the  two  orders  united  in  getting 
up  a  supper  for  the  brothers  who  were  going  to  the  war.  The  supper  came  off 
on  Friday  evening,  November  i,  1861.  The  members,  with  a  large  company 
of  ladies,  met  in  Odd  Fellows'  Hall  about  8  o'clock,  J.  H.  Fisher,  Esq.,  acting 
as  chairman.  After  music  by  the  Anamosa  band  and  singing  by  Messrs. 
Shaw,  Lamson,  Holmes  and  Smith,  Captain  Buell  was  called  for,  who  came  for- 
ward and  made  a  brief  but  eloquent  and  patriotic  address. 

Lieutenant  Calkins  was  then  called  for,  and  made  a  short  address. 

From  this  place,  those  present  repaired  to  the  city  hall,  where  three  long 
tables  w  ere  spread  with  the  substantial  and  delicacies. 

After  all  had  satisfied  their  hunger,  the  chairman  announced  that  J,  D.  Wal- 
worth had  been  appointed  toast  reader.  The  following  were  the  toasts  and 
responses : 

The  Iowa  Volunteers — May  they  all  prove  as  brave  as  the  Iowa  First. 

Response,  Three  cheers  for  the  Iowa  First. 

loiK^a — A  model  to  the  States  of  our  Union  in  hearty  response  to  the  call  of 
freedom,  and  in  her  devotion  to  science  and  literature. 

Col.  H\  T.  Shaw — May  he  command  the  confidence  of  the  brave  men  he 
is  appointed  to  lead. 

Response  by  Captain  Buell. 

Music — The  inspirer  of  our  most  hallowed  religious  and  patriotic  emotions; 
a  source  of  most  exalted  pleasure,  and  one  which  exerts  the  most  powerful  in- 
fluence upon  the  destiny  of  a  nation. 

Song  by  Messrs.  R.  F.  Shaw,  Lamson,  Holmes  and  Smith. 

The  loiva  Volunteers — May  they  put  a  full  Dott  to  the  rebellion. 

Response  by  Robert  Dott. 

May  the  fair  hands  which  prepared  this  sumptuous  repast  receive  ample  re- 
ward by  enjoying  the  satisfaction  that  brave  hearts  have  gone  forth  better  pre- 
pared for  the  existing  emergency. 

Response  by  John  McKean. 

The  lotva  Volunteers — May  Heaven's  blessings  be  theirs. 

Response  by  Rev.  S.  A.  Benton. 

Our  Country's  Arms — ^The  fair  arms  of  daughters  and  the  /ir^-arms  of  her 
sons ;  may  the  embrace  of  the  one  ever  be  the  reward  of  an  honorable  use  of  the 

Response  by  C.  T.  Lamson. 

After  singing  Bums'  Farewell,  the  company  dispersed, 


The  ladies  of  Wyoming  met  November  20,  1861,  for  the  purpose  of  organ- 
izing a  society  auxiliary  to  the  "Army  Sanitary  Commission  of  the  State  of 
fowa,"  having  for  its  object  the  relief  of  the  sick  and  wounded  in  hospitals. 

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Mrs.  W.  H.  Holmes  was  called  to  the  chair,  after  which  the  following  offi- 
cers were  elected:  President,  Mrs.  O.  B.  Lowell;  vice-president,  Mrs.  A.  W. 
Pratt;  secretary,  Mrs.  J.  R.  Stillman;  treasurer,  Miss  Martha  White;  depositary, 
Mrs.  A.  G.  Brown. 

Committee  to  Solicit  Contributions,  Mrs.  J.  McDonough,  Mrs.  J.  DeWitt, 
Mrs.  J.  Richards,  Mrs.  R.  Freeman,  Mrs.  D.  Hogeboom,  Miss  R.  Huckle,  Miss 
L.  Gilbert  and  Miss  R.  Green. 

The  society  voted  to  meet  Tuesday  afternoon  of  each  week  for  the  purpose  of 
making  such  articles  as  are  needed  in  the  hospitals  and  to  receive  donations  for 
the  same  object. 

The  ladies  of  Monticello  formed  a  "Soldiers'  Aid  Society"  at  about  the  same 
time  with  the  following  officers : 

President,  Mrs.  E.  P.  Kimball;  vice-president,  Mrs.  C.  E.  Wales;  secretary, 
Mrs.  J.  Reiger;  treasurer,  Mrs.  N.  Comstock;  depositary,  Mrs.  G.  S.  Eastman. 
Directors — Mrs.  W.  H.  Merriman,  Mrs.  J.  L.  Davenport  and  Mrs.  G.  S.  Eastman. 

Committee  of  Solicitations.  Mrs.  T.  C.  West,  Mrs.  H.  Rosa  and  Mrs.  J. 
P.  Sleeper. 

The  society  met  every  Wednesday  afternoon. 

An  efficient  organization  was  organized  at  Anamosa  also,  about  the  same 
time,  with  the  following  officers : 

President,  Mrs.  O.  P.  Isbell;  treasurer,  Mrs.  B.  F.  Shaw;  secretary.  Miss 
Eliza  Isbell. 

Committee  on  Supplies,  Mrs.  L.  Eberhart,  Mrs.  Israel  Fisher,  Miss  Mary 

Committee  on  Forwarding.  Mrs.  L.  Deitz,  Mrs.  E.  Littlefield,  Miss  Eliza 

These  societies  did  much  good  and  the  supplies  forwarded  at  sundry  times 
were  properly  appreciated  by  the  sick  and  wounded  in  the  hospitals.  A  num- 
ber of  other  similar  organizations  were  instituted  in  different  parts  of  the 
county  and  almost  numberless  meetings  held.  The  amount  of  good  done  by 
these  organizations  throughout  the  country  to  alleviate  the  sick  and  wounded 
can  hardly  be  estimated. 


On  the  3d  of  August,  1862,  the  Boston  ladies  made  a  flag  presentation  to  the 
Ninth  Iowa  Regiment ;  and,  as  a  goodly  number  of  the  Jones  county  soldiers  did 
noble  service  in  that  regiment,  we  record  the  details  of  the  event  in  the  Jones 
County  History. 

The  presentation  of  colors  to  a  company  or  regiment  by  its  friends  and 
neighbors  had  become  of  common  occurrence,  but  this  presentation,  by  the 
ladies  of  Boston,  to  a  regiment  in  the  wilds  of  Arkansas,  a  thousand  miles  dis- 
tant and  near  the  extreme  western  frontier — and  that,  too,  to  men  who  were  per- 
sonally strangers  to  the  donors — ^was  an  event  as  honorable  to  the  boys  of  the 
Ninth  as  it  was  rare. 

Captain  Wright,  of  Company  C,  sent  the  following  account  to  the  Independ- 
ence Guardian : 

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Camp  of  the  Ninth  Iowa, 

Helena,  August  3,  1862. 

Today  has  been  a  proud  and  glorious  day  for  the  Iowa  Ninth.  At  2  o'clock 
this  afternoon,  we  were  called  into  line,  not  to  fight,  but  to  receive  one  of  the 
finest  stands  of  regimental  colors  in  the  army  of  the  southwest,  presented  us  by 
the  ladies  of  Boston,  Massachusetts. 

The  regimental  flag  is  white  silk  on  one  side  and  crimson  on  the  other.  On 
the  white  side  is  beautifully  inscribed,  in  gilt  letters  "Pea  Ridge,  Arkansas,  March 
7  and  8,  1862."  In  the  center,  held  by  two  greyhounds,  is  the  scroll  with  the 
words,  *'Iowa  Greyhounds."  This  is  over  the  eagle,  which  is  in  the  center  of  the 
flag,  with  the  Iowa  coat  of  arms,  all  of  which  is  encircled  with  a  beautiful  gold 
border.  On  the  other  side,  handsomely  embellished  in  gold  letters,  are  the  words, 
*'From  your  countrywomen  of  Massachusetts,"  with  the  coat  of  arms  of  the  old 
Bay  State,  and  the  words,  "Pea  Ridge,"  again  inscribed  on  the  field  under  the  coat 
of  arms,  with  the  same  border.  On  the  flag-staflf  is  a  fine  gold-bronzed  eagle, 
with  a  splendid  gold  tassel  in  his  mouth.  The  staflf  is  so  arranged  that  the  flag 
can  be  detached  by  a  spring  and  folded  in  a  moment,  making  it  very  convenient, 
if  you  wish  to  fold  it  in  a  hurry. 

The  other  is  the  national  flag,  with  its  blue  field  and  its  broad  stripes,  one 
large  star  in  the  center  of  the  field,  encircled  with  thirty-four  more  in  a  gold 
ring  or  border,  and  the  words  "Pea  Ridge,  March  7  and  8,  1862,"  inside  the 
circle — the  flag-staff  and  tassel  the  same  as  the  other. 

Need  I  tell  you  that  we  were  proud  when  those  beautiful  flags  were  unfurled 
to  the  breeze,  to  be  carried  forward  to  victory  by  the  Iowa  Ninth?  If  you  could 
have  seen  those  patriotic  tears  roll  down  the  cheeks  of  our  brave  boys,  while  our 
noble  Colonel,  with  a  heart  almost  too  full  for  utterance,  was  replying  to  the 
patriotic  sentiment  of  the  mothers  and  sisters  of  Massachusetts,  you  would  join 
with  me  in  saying  the  flag  is  in  safe  hands. 


Our  Countrymen — Soldiers  of  the  Ninth  Iowa  Regiment: 

We  desire  to  present  you  with  these,  our  national  colors,  as  an  evidence  of 
our  interest  in  you  as  soldiers  of  the  Union,  and  as  a  token  of  our  grateful  ad- 
miration for  the  valor  and  heroism  displayed  by  you  on  the  memorable  field  of 
Pea  Ridge.     ♦    ♦    ♦ 

We  have  anxiously  looked  for  tidings  of  you,  from  those  early  September 
days  when  you  were  first  assembled  at  Camp  Union,  to  the  cold,  dark  days  of  the 
late  winter ;  and,  although  the  order  onward  was  long  delayed,  yet,  when  it  came, 
so  readily  did  you  obey  it  that  we  found  it  no  easy  task,  even  in  our  imagina- 
tion, to  keep  up  with  the  "double-quick'*  of  the  "Iowa  Greyhounds."  The  memory 
of  the  patient  devotion  with  which  you  have  unfalteringly  borne  toil,  fatigue, 
hunger  and  privation,  and  the  recollection  of  your  brave  and  gallant  deeds  on 
the  7th  and  8th  of  March,  1862,  will  long  be  treasured  in  our  hearts;  and,  al- 
though we  think  with  sorrow  of  the  sad  price  of  such  a  victory,  and  the  un- 

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bidden  tears  must  flow  at  the  thought  of  the  brave  hearts  now  stilled  forever, 
yet  we  feel  a  pride  in  the  consciousness  that  her  noble  sons  feel  no  sacrifice  too 
great  for  their  and  our  beloved  country. 

God  bless  the  Union !  God  bless  you  and  all  soldiers  of  the  Union  armies  1  is 
the  fervent  prayer  of  your  countrywomen  in  Massachusetts. 

Boston,  Massachusetts,  July  lo,  1862. 

William  Vanderver,  colonel  of  the  regiment,  made  reply,  addressing  the 
soldiers  of  his  command  in  a  brief  but  pathetic  and  patriotic  style. 


Thursday,  August  14,  1862,  was  another  day  of  unusual  interest  to  Mon- 
ticello  and  to  the  citizens  of  Jones  county. 

On  the  day  mentioned,  the  recruits  enlisted  under  Farwell  and  Jones,  of  Mon- 
ticello.  and  Blodgett  of  Bowen's  Prairie,  came  swarming  in  from  Monticello, 
Bowen's  Prairie,  Scotch  Grove,  Wayne,  Cass,  Castle  Grove  and  other  towns,  and 
proceeded  across  the  river  at  Monticello,  to  Clark's  Grove,  where  preparations 
had  been  made  to  receive  them.  They  were  attended  by  the  Anamosa  band, 
several  bands  of  martial  music  and  a  crowd  of  citizens  numbering  nearly  two 

Here  the  crowd  listened  to  speeches  from  Rev.  Mr.  Dimmitt,  Prof.  Hudson 
and  many  others.  Dinner  was  served  and  a  good  time  was  had,  and  a  large 
number  added  to  the  enlistment — about  forty  enrolling  themselves  and  becom- 
ing soldiers  for  the  Union.  Patriotic  feeling  ran  high  and  could  not  endure 
expressions  of  rebel  sympathy.  A  few  citizens,  who  would  have  been  at  home 
in  a  more  southern  latitude,  became  very  obnoxious  by  their  disloyal  criticisms. 
Some  of  these  were  "interviewed"  this  day  by  a  concourse  of  incensed  Union- 
ists, and  were  compelled,  by  hempen  persuasion,  to  take  the  "Oath  of  Allegi- 
ance." One  prominent  offender  escaped  by  aid  of  a  fleet  horse  and  gathering 
darkness;  a  few  were  taken  from  their  beds  at  midnight,  but  safely  returned, 
after  being  impressively  sworn  to  loyalty  and  Unionism.  The  soldiers  would 
have  committed  violence,  had  they  not  been  restrained  by  their  newly  elected 

An  election  was  held  and  resulted  in  the  choice  of  the  following  cheers: 
-captain,  S.  S.  Farwell,  of  Monticello;  first  lieutenant.  Rev.  F.  Amos,  of 
Scotch  Grove;  second  lieutenant,  James  G.  Dawson,  of  Wayne;  orderly,  F.  H. 
Blodgett,  of  Bowen's  Prairie. 


Notwithstanding  the  unbounded  enthusiasm  and  the  large  number  of  volun- 
teers, it  became  necessary  to  resort  to  forcible  enlistments  in  Jones  county. 

The  following  table  shows  how  many  men  each  township  had  failed  to  raise 
in  order  to  fill  its  quota  up  to  December  12,  1862,  and  how  many  had  been 
raised  in  excess  of  quota ;  also  the  number  of  men  required  to  be  raised  in  each 
township  by  draft  or  volunteer  enlistment  by  the  ist  of  January,  1863 : 

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to  be 
Townships.  Deficit.  Excess.  Drafted. 

Cass    4         . .         i 

Castle   Grove    22        . .         7 

Clay 25        ..        8 

Fairview    4         . .         i 

Greenfield    26         . .         9 

Hale    5       . . 

Jackson    5         . .         2 

Madison    7 

Monticello    4        . .         i 

Oxford    4        . .         I 

Richland 23         . .         8 

Rome    8       .. 

Scotch  Grove   10 

Washington    14        '. .         5 

Wayne    10         . .         3 

Wyoming   36 

141        66      46 

It  will  be  seen  by  the  above  table,  furnished  by  S.  F.  Glenn,  draft  commis- 
sioner of  Jones  county  at  the  time,  that  Wyoming  carried  off  the  banner,  and 
Scotch  Grove  was  next  in  furnishing  volunteers. 


After  the  Vicksburg  campaign,  the  flag  presented  to  the  regiment  by  the  Mas- 
sachusetts ladies  having  become  tattered  and  torn  in  the  bloody  strife,  was  re- 
turned to  its  donors  as  evidence  that  it  had  faithfully  served  its  purpose.  While 
the  Ninth  was  on  its  way  home  to  enjoy  a  brief  furlough,  as  re-enlisted  veterans, 
another  flag  reached  them  from  the  ladies  of  the  old  Bay  State.  On  this  flag  were 
the  following  inscriptions : 

"Ninth  Iowa  Volunteers — 1863 — from  Massachusetts."  "Pea  Ridge,  March 
7  and  8.  1862."  "Chickasaw  Bayou,  Dec.  29,  1863."  "Arkansas  Post,  January 
II,  1863."  "Jackson,  May  14,  1863."  "Vicksburg,  May  19  and  22,  and  July  4, 

The  excitement  growing  out  of  the  prospect  of  a  draft  was  such  that  vol- 
unteer enlistments  continued  to  such  an  extent  that  no  draft  was  had  until  about 
the  1st  of  November,  1864.  The  number  drafted  was  not  large  and  those  who 
were  thus  made  soldiers,  proved  themselves  brave  and  valiant  men.  It  is  proper 
to  state,  also,  that  it  was  afterward  ascertained  that  the  quota  of  the  state  was  full 
at  the  time  the  draft  was  ordered,  and  therefore,  ought  not  to  have  been  made. 

Washington's  birthday  at  anamosa,  1864. 

The  22d  of  February,  1864,  was  made  the  occasion  of  a  festival  in  honor 
of  the  veteran  soldiers  who  were  at  home  at  the  time,  on  a  short  furlough.    The 

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morning  opened  with  beautiful  weather  and  so  it  continued  through  the  entire 
day,  the  only  drawback  being  mud  to  the  depth  of  one  to  three  inches,  where 
the  snow  had  disappeared.  In  the  afternoon  the  people  and  soldiers  came  in  on 
foot,  on  horseback  and  in  wagons.  At  5  o'clock,  the  soldiers  came  into  Odd  Fel- 
lows' hall,  under  charge  of  their  officers,  and  an  address  of  welcome  to  the  Iowa 
Veterans  was  made  by  W.  G.  Hammond,  and  the  response  by  Captain  McKean, 
of  Company  D,  of  the  Ninth. 

A  sumptuous  supper  was  then  served  at  city  hall,  and  at  least  six  hundred 
persons  partook  of  the  repast.  Still  there  was  enough  and  to  spare,  and  bas- 
ket fu  Is  were  gathered  up  and  distributed  to  widows  and  others,  with  whom  for- 
tune had  dealt  more  or  less  unkindly. 

After  supper,  the  hall  of  the  Odd  Fellows  was  again  full.  The  following 
were  the  toasts  on  the  occasion : 

The  Day  tvc  Celebrate, 

Response  by  C.  R.  Scott. 

The  Iowa  Ninth — ^The  heroes  of  Pea  Ridge,  Chickasaw  Bayou,  Arkansas 
Post,  Jackson,  Vicksburg,  Lookout  Mountain  and  Missionary  Ridge. 

Response  by  cheers  and  band. 

lozva — Many  daughters  have  done  virtuously,  but  thou  hast  excelled  them 

Response  by  G.  W.  Field. 

The  Patriotic  Dead — Green  be  their  graves,  sweet  their  rest  and  hallowed 
their  memory. 

Response  by  the  choir. 

The  American  Union — What  God  hath  joined  together,  let  no  rebel  put 

Response  by  Jutlge  McCarn,  and  band. 

The  Union  Army — May  its  distinguishing  characteristics  be  fortitude  in  the 
hour  of  disaster,  courage  in  the  hour  of  danger  and  mercy  in  the  hour  of  victory. 

Response  by  John  McKean. 

The  American  Eagle, 

Response  by  the  choir. 

Abraham  Lincoln — Like  Washington,  first  in  war,  first  in  peace,  and  first 
in  the  hearts  of  his  countrymen. 

Response  by  Rev.  O.  W.  Merrill. 

The  following  volunteer  toast  was  handed  in  by  John  Peet: 

The  American  Eagle — May  she  conquer  all  her  foes  and  establish  a  per- 
manent resting-place  in  the  center  of  our  Union,  with  her  wings  extending  from 
the  Atlantic  to  the  Pacific,  holding  the  stars  and  stripes  in  one  of  her  talons  and 
the  sword  of  justice  in  the  other,  and  in  her  beak  the  Declaration  of  Independ- 
ence, as  a  surety  to  the  oppressed  of  all  nations  that  here  they  can  find  protection; 
and  may  her  tail  be  expanded  over  some  northern  cavern  where  rebel  sympa- 
thizers and  Tories  may  hide  from  the  sight  of  historians,  that  our  history  may 
not  be  tarnished  by  a  record  of  their  infamy. 

Altogether,  the  day  passed  and  terminated  happily  to  all  concerned. 

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The  Fourteenth  Iowa  Volunteer  Infantry  was  organized  by  authority  of  the 
war  department,  under  a  call  for  three  hundred  thousand  troops  for  three  years, 
and  mustered  into  service  on  the  6th  of  November,  1861. 

Previous  to  the  completion  of  the  muster  of  the  regiment,  three  companies, 
A,  B  and  C,  were  detached  and  sent  on  service  to  Fort  Randall,  Dakota  Terri- 
tory, where  they  remained  until  the  fall  of  1862,  when  authority  gave  organiza- 
rion  to  three  new  companies  in  lieu  of  those  detached.  On  the  27th  and  28th  of 
November,  1861,  the  command — seven  companies— embarked  for  Benton  bar- 
racks, and  remained  in  this  camp  of  instruction  until  the  5th  of  February,  1862, 
when  they  again  embarked  for  Fort  Henry,  Tennessee,  and  arrived  there  on  the 
8th.  On  the  12th,  they  took  up  line  of  march  for  Fort  Donelson,  Tennessee, 
and  were  in  the  engagement  on  the  left  of  the  army,  daily,  the  13th,  14th  and 
15th.  Remained  at  Fort  Donelson  until  the  7th  of  March,  and  embarked  for 
Pittsburg  Landing,  and  arrived  there  on  the  i8th  inst.  On  the  6th  of  April, 
the  army  was  attacked,  and  the  Fourteenth  moved  out  in  position  on  the  left  of 
the  Fourth  Brigade,  Second  Division,  Army  of  the  Tennessee.  The  regiment 
was  engaged  from  7  o'clock  a.  m.,  until  5 :40  p.  m.,  when  the  command  was  sur- 
rendered by  Brigadier  General  Prentiss  to  the  enemy  as  prisoners  of  war,  and 
were  held  as  such  until  the  12th  day  of  October,  1862,  when  they  were  released 
on  parole,  sent  to  Benton  barracks  for  reorganization,  and  declared  exchanged 
November  19,  1862.  On  the  31st  of  March,  1862,  two  new  companies,  A  and  B, 
joined  the  regiment.  Left  Benton  barracks,  April  10,  1863 ;  embarked  on  board 
of  transports  for  Cairo,  Illinois,  where  they  remained  until  June  21,  during 
which  time  they  were  joined  by  Company  C,  a  new  company,  when  they  em- 
barked for  Columbus,  Kentucky.  On  the  22d  of  January,  1864,  the  regiment 
moved  on  board  a  transport  for  Vicksburg,  Mississippi,  where  it  was  assigned 
to  the  Second  Brigade,  Third  Division,  Sixteenth  Army  Corps.  Was  on  the  ex- 
pedition that  went  from  Vicksburg  to  Meridian,  Mississippi,  in  the  month  of 
February,  1864,  under  command  of  Brigadier  General  Major  Sherman,  and  on 
the  expedition  up  Red  River,  Louisiana,  in  the  months  of  March,  April  and  May, 
under  command  of  Major  General  Banks.  Was  in  the  battle  of  Fort  De  Russey, 
March  14,  and  the  battle  of  Pleasant  Hill,  Louisiana,  April  9,  1864,  and  battle 
of  Yellow  Bayou,  Louisiana,  May  18,  1864. 

The  regiment  was  in  the  battle  of  Lake  Chicot,  Arkansas,  June  6,  1864,  and 
arrived  at  Memphis,  Tennessee,  June  10,  1864.  Four  companies  left  Jefferson 
Barracks,  September  25,  by  rail  for  Pilot  Knob,  Missouri,  and  were  in  the  battle 
of  Pilot  Knob  September  27.  The  remainder  of  the  regiment  left  Jefferson  Bar- 
racks October  2,  with  General  A.  J.  Smith's  army,  in  pursuit  of  the  rebel,  Gen- 
eral Price.  Returned  to  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  November  2,  arrived  at  Daven- 
port, Towa,  for  muster-out,  November  2,  1864. 

The  Fourteenth  Regiment  was  largely  made  up  of  Jones  county  boys,  and 
commanded  by  Colonel  W.  T.  Shaw,  of  Anamosa. 

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Monday,  the  14th  of  August,  1865,  was  made  memorable  to  the  citizens  of 
Jones  county  by  reason  of  the  Soldiers*  reunion  on  that  day  at  Monticello. 
The  exercises  took  place  in  the  grove  north  of  the  river,  and  on  the  identical 
spot  where  three  years  before  Company  H,  of  the  Thirty-first  Iowa,  was  organized. 
Company  H  displayed  a  trophy,  as  a  memento  of  the  rebellion,  a  large  flag,  cap- 
tured in  Columbia,  South  Carolina,  on  the  17th  of  February,  1865,  when  the  com- 
pany entered  that  city. 

The  arms  and  accouterments  of  Captain  Alderman's  company,  brought  in 
boxes  on  the  train,  having  arrived  on  the  ground,  the  soldiers  of  Company  H 
and  some  others  were  soon  engaged  in  arraying  themselves.  The  "boys  in  blue" 
were  here  entirely  at  home.  They  chatted,  laughed  and  joked  during  the  process, 
and  worked  with  a  perfect  abandon  and  as  though  they  were  still  in  the  woods 
of  Alabama  and  Georgia.  This  work  accomplished,  the  dnrnis,  in  another  part 
of  the  grove,  beat  the  roll-call,  and  the  soldiers  streamed  along  through  tfie 
crowd,  closely  followed  by  the  lighter  legs  of  the  children,  and  these  by  tlie 
grown  people.  Two  lines  of  soldiers  were  at  once  in  position.  Major  Farwell, 
Captain  Burdick  and  Captain  McKean  were  the  officers  in  command.  The  sol- 
diers, about  eighty  in  number,  went  through  guard  mounting  and  inspection,  and 
were  intently  watched  by  the  spectators;  this  over,  the  boys  were  drilled  for  a 
time,  greatly  to  the  admiration  and  pleasure  of  many  spectators.  The  drill  over, 
the  boys  marched  to  the  old  position  in  front  of  the  benches,  and,  after  some 
additional  exercises,  stacked  arms.  The  speaking  was  then  commenced.  W.  H. 
Walworth  was  president  of  the  day,  who  offered  introductory  remarks. 

Prayer  by  Rev.  Mr.  Kimball. 

Music  by  the  band. 

Welcome  address  by  W.  H.  Walworth. 

Response  by  Lieutenant  Amos. 

Music  by  the  Monticello  Glee  Qub. 

Address  by  Captain  M.  P.  Smith,  of  Company  C,  Thirty-first  Iowa. 

Music  by  the  Anamosa  brass  band. 

Picnic  dinner. 


Martial  music. 

Volunteer  toasts  and  responses : 

"Resolved,  That  our  late  war  was  only  the  supplement  to  our  Revolution  with 
England,  and  has  only  completed  the  work  of  establishing  the  inalienable  rights 
of  humanity  and  justice  between  man  and  his  fellow  man.'* 

Responded  to  by  Professor  J.  Nolan,  of  Cascade. 

"Jeff  Datns — Occupying  an  elevated  position  in  the  South,  may  he  occupy  a 
still  more  elevated  position  in  the  North." 

Responded  to  by  Rev.  Mr.  Buttolph. 

"What  the  soldiefs  fought  for.  may  we  all  remember." 

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Response  by  Captain  O.  Burke,  Company  B,  Fourteenth  Iowa  Veteran  Vol- 

Rev.  Mr.  Miller,  of  Cascade,  Professor  Allen,  of  Hopkinton,  and  Elder  Kay 
and  Lieutenant  Hill,  of  Cascade,  also  spoke  with  good  effect.  Mr.  A.  Gilbert 
spoke  feelingly.  He  had  lost  two  sons  in  the  war,  one  being  shot  dead,  and  the 
other  dying  in  a  rebel  prison.  The  addresses,  one  and  all,  were  appropriate  and 
fitting  to  the  time  and  the  occasion. 

A  general  rejoicing  was  had  that  the  war  was  ended  and  peace  restored. 


The  name  of  this  gentleman  is  so  identified  with  the  history  of  Jones  cotmty, 
particularly  its  military  history,  that  a  brief  biographical  sketch  of  that  distin- 
guished soldier  and  citizen  seems  altogether  apropos. 

Colonel  William  Tuckerman  Shaw  was  bom  September  22,  1822,  at  Steuben, 
Washington  county,  Maine.  He  was  the  son  of  Colonel  William  N.  Shaw  and 
Nancy  Stevens,  his  wife,  of  the  above  place,  and,  after  receiving  his  education 
in  the  Maine  Wesleyan  Seminary,  went  to  Kentucky  as  a  teacher;  but  the 
war  with  Mexico  breaking  out,  he  enlisted  in  the  Second  Kentucky  Infantry 
Regiment,  Colonel  McKee,  commander.  He  served  to  the  close  of  the  war,  par- 
ticipating in  the  memorable  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  and  was  in  the  thickest  of 
the  fight  on  the  hill-slope  and  ravine  where  it  raged  with  greatest  fury.  After 
the  declaration  of  peace,  he  aided  in  clearing  our  southwestern  borders  of  hostile 
Indians  who  were  annoying  the  border  settlers. 

Having  obtained  a  reputation  for  noble  daring,  he  was  chosen,  in  1849,  ^ 
the  leader  of  the  first  party  which  crossed  the  plains  to  California,  leaving  Fort 
Smith,  Arkansas,  via  Santa  Fe.  The  party  consisted  of  thirty-six  men,  from 
New  York,  Kentucky,  Louisiana  and  Arkansas. 

After  returning,  he  made  another  trip,  starting  from  Council  Bluffs,  and  at 
this  time  had  but  a  single  associate,  but  made  the  journey  in  safety. 

In  1853,  ^^  came  into  Jones  county  and  settled  at  Anamosa,  where  he  con- 
tinued to  reside  until  his  death  in  1909. 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  rebellion  in  1861,  he  was  among  the  first  in  Jones 
county  to  buckle  on  the  sword  to  fight  for  the  Union.  On  the  24th  of  Octo- 
ber of  that  year,  he  was  elected  colonel  of  the  Fourteenth  Iowa  Infantry  R^- 
ment,  which  owed  its  organization  very  largely  to  his  instrumentality.  A  his- 
tory of  the  regiment  is  given  elsewhere. 

Colonel  Shaw  distinguished  himself  in  every  engagement  in  which  his  com- 
mand took  part,  as  an  able  and  efficient  commander.  He  was  advanced  to  the 
command  of  the  Second  Brigade,  Third  Division,  Sixteenth  Army  Corps,  and 
it  is  historic  that  it  was  owing  to  his  indomitable  courage  and  military  skill  that 
the  army  of  General  Banks  was  saved  from  utter  defeat  and  capture  in  the  Red 
River  expedition.  It  was  on  this  memorable  occasion  that  Colonel  Shaw  acquired 
the  title  of  "Grim  Fighting  Old  Shaw." 

After  the  Red  River  expedition,  his  command  was  sent  to  assist  in  driving 
the  rebel  General  Price  out  of  Missouri,  and  was  successful  in  so  doing. 

His  term  of  service  having  expired,  he  was  relieved  by  the  following  order: 

Digitized  by 



Headquarters  Right  Wing  Sixteenth  Army  Corps. 
Harrisonville,  Mo.,  October  29,  1864. 
Special  Order  No.  132. 

I.  Colonel  W.  T.  Shaw,  Fourteenth  Iowa  Infantry  Volunteers,  is  relieved 
from  command  of  the  Third  Division,  Sixteenth  Army  Corps,  and  will  forthwith 
rejoin  his  regiment  at  Davenport,  Iowa.  The  quartermaster  will  furnish  trans- 
portation for  himself  and  authorized  servants. 

II.  In  relieving  Colonel  Shaw  from  the  conmiand  of  the  Third  Division, 
prior  to  his  being  mustered  out,  it  is  but  an  act  of  justice  to  an  energetic,  thorough 
and  competent  officer  to  say  that  for  the  last  fifteen  months  he  has  been  in  this 
command,  as  commanding  a  post,  brigade  and  division,  and  in  every  position  has 
performed  the  incumbent  duties  faithfully  and  well,  with  an  ability  that  few 
can  equal,  with  courage,  patriotism  and  skill  above  question.  The  service  loses 
an  excellent  officer  when  he  is  mustered  out.    By  order  of 

J.  Hough,  A.  A.  G.  Major  General  A.  J.  Smith. 

As  Colonel  Shaw  was  about  to  part  with  his  compatriots  in  arms,  the  officers 
of  his  command  presented  him  with  a  costly  sword  and  scabbard — one  of  the 
most  beautiful  and  tasteful  weapons  ever  made.  He  returned  to  his  home  at 
Anamosa,  Iowa,  and  during  the  remainder  of  his  life  was  engaged  in  farming, 
banking,  railroading  and  real-estate  business.  Many  of  the  public  enterprises  of 
Jones  county  are  largely  the  result  of  the  energy,  skill  and  perseverance  of 
Colonel  Shaw.  A  more  extended  biography  of  Colonel  Shaw  will  be  found  in 
Volume  II  of  this  history. 

soldiers'  memento — left-hand  writing. 

In  the  latter  part  of  the  year  1867,  W.  O.  Bourne,  editor  of  the  Soldiers^ 
Friend,  New  York,  and  others,  oflFered  premiums  for  the  best  specimens  of  left- 
hand  writing  by  soldiers  who  had  lost  their  right  arms  in  the  war  of  the  rebel- 
lion. The  premiums  were  awarded  in  October  of  that  year.  There  were  ten 
premiums  of  $50  each,  and  each  premium  being  named  after  some  distinguished 
general  or  admiral,  thus:  Grant  Premium,  etc.  Each  soldier  obtaining  a  pre- 
mium was  rewarded  also  by  an  autograph  letter  from  the  officer  from  whom 
the  premium  was  named.  The  only  Iowa  soldier  who  received  a  premium  of 
this  nature  is  Morgan  Bumgardner,  Company  B,  Ninth  Iowa  Volunteer  Infan- 
try, and  a  resident  of  Jones  county.    He  was  awarded  the  Sheridan  premium. 

The  following  is  the  letter  of  General  Sheridan  : 

Fifth  Avenue  Hotel,  October  3,  1867. 
To  Morgan  Bumgardner,  Company  B,  Ninth  Iowa  Volunteer  Infantry: 

It  is  gratifying  to  me  to  inform  you  that  the  manuscript  prepared  by  you  has 
been  selected  for  the  Sheridan  Premium,  offered  by  William  Oland  Bourne, 
editor  of  the  Soldiers'  Friend,  New  York. 

I  am  happy  thus  to  recognize  the  success  of  a  soldier  who  has  lost  his  right 
arm  for  his  country.  In  the  battle  of  life  before  you,  remember  that  the  true 
hero  may  sometimes  suffer  disaster  and  disappointment,  but  he  will  never  sur- 
render his  virtue  or  his  honor. 

Cordially  wishing  you  success  and  reward  in  life.        I  am  yours,  etc., 

P.  H.  Sheridan,  Major  General,  U.  S.  A. 

Digitized  by 



Digitized  by 


Digitized  by 





{Taken  from  the  record  prepared  by  D,  E.  Rummel  at  the  close  of  the  wa/r.) 

Company  B,  Ninth  Regiment  Iowa  Veteran  Voltmteer  Infantry,  First  Bri- 
gade First  Division  Fifteenth  Army  Corps.  Organized  in  Jones  cotmty,  Iowa, 
August,  1861.  Mustered  into  United  States  service  for  three  years,  September 
2,  1861 ;  re-enlisted,  January  i,  1864.  Company  B,  Ninth,  Iowa,  was  composed 
largely  of  the  citizens  who  enlisted  from  Rome  and  adjoining  townships. 


♦Captain,  John  W.  Niles 
♦First  Lieutenant,  Walter  James 


♦David  E.  Rummel 

♦Silas  H.  Stall,  wd.,  May  22nd,  1863 

♦Irvin  Finch 

♦Ambrose  U.  Harrison 

♦George  L.  Johnston 

♦Aquila  B.  Crow,  wd.,  May  20,  1863. 


♦ist  William  J.  Graham,  wd,  11-27,  62 
♦Samuel  Robinson 
♦Andrew  H.  Hall 
♦William  Starry 
♦Samuel  P.  Kerr. 


♦Hugh,  Alexander 

♦Blakely,  Nelson  D.  wA  Aug.  31-64 

Bryan,  William  J. 

Brown,  James  M. 

Cox,  Albert 

Covert,  Alonzo  W. 


Denny,  Ebenezer 
♦Fry,  Enoch,  wd.  May  22-63 

Fisher,  Jonathan  C. 

Gilmore,  Charles 

Green,  Albert,  wd  Mar.  21-65 

Gippert,  Jacob 

Gorsuch,  Andrew 

Holmes,  Austin  C. 

Homcsby,  Marion 

Hart,  James  T. 

Jones,  Jonathan 

Jenkins,  John 

Lukecart,  James 

Moore,  John  D. 

Moore,  James 

Miller,  Robert  H. 
♦Matteson,  Daniel  M. 

McKennie,  James  R. 

McCardle,  James 

Porter,  George 

Palmer,  Henry  C. 

Phipps,  James  T. 

Rudd,  Harvey 
♦Roberts,  Lyman  A. 
♦Stillman,  James  R. 
♦Stuart,  Charles  T. 

Stuart,  John  A. 
♦Sealls,  Amos 
♦Voile,  John 

Vaughn,  Samuel  I. 
♦Warner,  James  M. 
♦Weaver,  Francis 
♦Wells,  Eli  V. 

Yeager,  Harvey  B. 


Captain  Don  A.  Carpenter,  promoted  to  major,  August  i,  1862. 
Sergeant  William  T.  Peet,  January  6,  1864,  Volunteer  Regiment  Company. 
Private  George  C.  Crane,  January  6,  1864,  Volunteer  Regiment  Company. 
David  W.  Dunham,  September  i,  1863,  Volunteer  Regiment  Company. 
William  Crook,  October  9,  1861,  Company  K. 

•  Veteran 

Digitized  by 





Capt.  Paul  McSweeney,  Jan.  15-65 
Sergt.  Jas.  B.  Stephens,  Sept.  24-64 
Sergt.  John  M.  Mason,  Sept.  24-64 
tCorp.  WilHam  H.  GHck,  Sept.  24-64 
Barker^  Uzal,  Sept.  24-64 
Colby,  David,  Sept.  24-64 
McGowan,   Calvin,  Sept.   24-64 
Torrence,  Adam  C,  Sept.  24-60 
Thomas,  John,  Sept.  24-64 


2nd  Lieut.   Wm.  L.   Jennings,   Sept* 

Sergt.  Qement  H.  Lane,  Sept.  24-64 

Corp.  Owen  Farley,  Sept.  24-64 
tAiler,  Geo.  F.,  Sept.  24-64 
t Baldwin,  Marcello  O.,  Sept.  24-64 
tHull,  Benj.  E.,  Sept.  24-64 

Rich,  Nelson,  Sept.  24-64 
t  Welch,  James  M.,  Sept.  22-64 


First   Sergeant  Lorenzo  D.  Carlton, 

December  22,  1862. 
t  First  Sergeant  Morgan  Bumgardner, 

November  30,  1863. 
Sergeant  Edward  H.  Handy,  July  29, 

Corporal  John  M.  Price,  December  6, 

Corporal  Morgan  Crane,  January  12, 

Colby,  Charles,  December  23,  1861. 
Hammond,     George,     December    31, 

Sherman,  Benedict,  January  18,  1862. 
Arnold,  Riley,  January  18,  1862. 
Overacker,   Horace   T.,   January   18, 

Green,  Benton,  January  27,  1862. 
Finch,  Elkanah  D.,  March,  1862. 
Merritt,  Horatio  N.,  March  11,  1862. 
Tarbox,  Manville,  January  18,  1862. 
Taylor,  Isum,  May  2.  1862. 
Freeman,  Hannibal,  April  18,  1862. 

Whitney,  John  H.,  May  13,  1862. 
Hagar,  Horace,  July  4,  1862. 
Isabel,  Jonas,  July  29,  1862. 
Wade,  Aaron  L.,  July  24,  1862. 
McGuigan,  Thomas,  August  27,  1862. 
Works,  Joseph  S.,  August  9,  1862. 
Brickley,  James  T.,  October  9,  1862. 
Steward,  Joshua,  October  13,  1862. 
McCarty,     Charles,     December     11  ^ 

Brown,  James  J.,  Dec.  11,  1862. 
Winn,    Welcome    B.,    December    6, 

tBates,  Charles,  December  19,  1862. 
McMillan,  James,  March  11,  1863. 
Miller,  David  E.,  March  11,  1863. 
Qeaveland,    Richard    J.,    March    21^ 

Green,  Jasper,  April  21,  1863. 

S ,  Joseph,  September  7,  1863. 

Robinson,    Samuel    O.,    February   4^ 

Metcalf,  Arthur,  December  8,  1864. 


Long,  Daniel  R.,  May  27,  1864.  Hitchcock,  Thomas  N.,  May  27,  1864. 


First  Lieutenant  Jacob  Jones,  killed 

May  22,  1863. 
Sergeant  Thomas  W.  Blizzard,  killed 

May  22,  1863. 
Corporal   Isaac  Walker,   killed    May 

22,  1863. 

Corporal  George  H.  Bowers,  killed 
May  19,  1863. 

Corporal  Louis  J.  Tourtellot,  died 
March  20,  1863. 

Corporal  Jonathan  Luther,  died  Nov- 
ember 2,  1864,  in  prison  at  An- 
dersonville,  Georgia. 

t  Wounded 

Digitized  by 




Easterly,  Lawrence,  died  January  25, 

Osbom,    John    V.,    killed    March    7, 

Ensign,    Devolso   B.,  died   April    12, 

Harrison,    Benjamin    F.,    April    30, 

Sterling,  George  G.,  June  6,  1862. 
Bunce,  Theo.  L.,  February  i,  1863. 
Gault,  Moses,  March  11,  1863. 
Irvin,  Isaac,  killed  May  20,  1863. 
Mattison,  Elisha  C,  killed  May   22, 

Eastbum,    Charles,    killed    June    30, 


Fuller,  Oliver  N.,  October  15,   1863. 

Long,  Joel,  December  22,  1863. 

Cornwell,  John  L.,  Nevember  30, 

Beaman,  Daniel,  March   17,   1864. 

Long,  George  W.,  killed  May  27, 

Robinson,  Henry,  killed  Jtme  23, 

Steward,  William,  July  5,  1864. 

Robinson,  Isaac  R.,  of  wounds,  Aug- 
ust 28,  1864. 

Weeks,  Stephen  M.,  October  15,  1864. 

Seeley,  Norman,  in  prison  at  Ander- 
sonville,  Georgia,  April  20,   1864. 


Sugar  Creek,  Arkansas,  February  17,  Resac?i,  Georgia,  May  13,  1864. 

1862.  Dallas,  Georgia,  May  27,  1864. 
Pea  Ridge,  Arkansas,  March  7tli  and  New  Hope  Church,  June  4,  1864. 

8th,  1862.  Big  Shanty,  Georgia,  Jime  12,  1864. 

Chickasaw  Bayou,  Mississippi,  Decem-  Kenesaw  Mountain,  Georgia,  June  23, 

ber  29,  1862.  1864. 

Arkansas  Post,  Arkansas,  January  11,  Nicko  Jack   Creek,   Georgia,   July   6, 

1863.  1864. 

Jackson,  Mississippi,  May  14,  1863.  Atlanta,  Georgia,  July  22  and  28,  1864. 

Vicksburg,  Mississippi,  May  19  to  22,  Jonesboro,  Georgia,  August  31,  1864. 


Siege  of  Vicksburg,  May  11  to  July 
4,  1863. 

Siege  of  Jackson,  Mississippi,  July  10, 

Cherokee  Station,  Alabama,  October 
24,  1863. 

Piney  Creek,  Alabama,  October  27, 

Lookout  Mountain,  Tennessee,  Nov- 
ember 24,  1863. 

Missionary  Ridge,  Tennessee,  Nov- 
ember 25,  1863. 

Ringold,  Georgia,  November  27,  1863. 

Lovejoy  Station,  Georgia,  September 
I,  1864. 

Little  River,  Alabama,  October  25^ 

Savannah,  Georgia,  December  19^ 

Wateree  River,  South  Carolina,  Feb- 
ruary 15,  1865. 

Columbia,  South  Carolina,  February 
17,   1865. 

Bentonville,  North  Carolina,  March 
21,   1865. 

Raleigh,  North  Carolina,  April  14,  1865. 

Organized  in  Jones  county,  Iowa,  August,  1861.    Mustered  into  United  States 
service  for  three  years,  September  2,  1861 ;  re-enlisted,  January  i,  1864. 

Digitized  by 




The  following  history  of  Company  H,  Thirty-first  Regiment,  Iowa  Volunteer 
Infantry  was  prepared  for,  and  read  at  the  occasion  of  the  dedication  of  the 
soldier's  monument  in  memory  of  Company  H,  at  Monticello,  Iowa,  May  31, 
1909,  by  Montgomery  Marvin,  of  Manchester,  Iowa,  a  member  of  the  company. 
Company  H,  Thirty-first  Iowa,  had  a  number  of  Monticello  people  in  its  ranks. 
This  data  makes  valuable  history. — Editor, 

Ladies,  Gentlemen  and  Comrades :  As  you  meet  today  to  dedicate  this  mon- 
lunent  to  Company  H,  Thirty-first  Regiment,  Iowa  Infantry  Volunteers,  it  is 
right  and  proper  that  the  part  which  Company  H  took  in  the  great  struggle  for 
liberty  and  union  from  1 861  to  1865,  should  be  fully  told.  This  is  a  Company  H 

This  beautiful  monument  is  the  gift  of  your  fellow  citizen  and  much  hon- 
ored townsman.  Major  S.  S.  Farwell,  who  was  in  command  of  the  company 
from  its  organization  until  its  discharge. 

As  I  was  a  member  of  the  company,  and  orderly  sergeant  for  the  greater 
part  of  the  service,  and  with  the  company  until  just  before  the  last  battle  in 
which  they  were  engaged,  it  is  proper  for  me  to  pay  tribute  to  the  donor  of  this 
monument  as  we  saw  him  as  a  soldier.  He  was  ever  beloved  by  the  men  of  his 
command,  for  he  was  a  soldier  who  never  shirked  duty  or  responsibility.  He  was 
always  interested  in  the  welfare  and  comfort  of  his  men.  If  they  were  sick  or 
wounded,  he  would  visit  them,  and  administer  what  aid  or  comfort  was  possible 
and  in  battle  he  never  said  **go  boys"  but  it  was  always  "come  on  boys."  Where 
there  was  danger  he  was  ready  to  lead  in  the  charge.  He  went  where  duty 
called  him.  The  discipline  of  his  company  was  second  to  none  in  the  regiment. 
He  did  his  duty  faithfully  and  well.    He  knew  no  retreat. 

Company  H  was  made  up  of  young  men  who  were  your  neighbors,  school- 
mates, lovers,  brothers  and  husbands. 

They  were  mostly  young  men  from  Scotch  Grove,  Wayne,  Castle  Grove, 
Monticello  and  Bowen's  Prairie.  They  were  of  the  best  and  most  promising 
of  your  citizens.  Some  of  you,  here  today,  were  present  on  that  autunm  day 
in  September,  1862,  when  they  took  the  train  and  left  for  the  battlefields.  You 
remember  well  the  sad  parting  of  fathers,  mothers,  wives,  brothers,  sisters  and 
lovers  with  their  dear  ones  who  would  never  return  to  them  again. 

Company  H  took  an  active  part  in  the  great  struggle  for  the  preservation  of 
this  Union.  We  left  our  rendezvous  at  Davenport,  November  i,  1862,  on  a 
steamboat  and  went  to  St.  Louis,  where  we  remained  only  a  few  days.  From 
there  we  went  by  boat  to  Helena,  Arkansas,  where  we  were  in  camp  a  few  weeks, 
when  we  left  for  Chickasaw  Bayou  up  the  Yazoo  River.  From  there  we  went 
up  the  Mississippi  and  Arkansas  rivers  to  Arkansas  Post,  January  11,  1863. 
After  that  battle  we  went  down  the  river  again  to  Young's  Point,  Louisiana,  and 
took  part  in  General  Grant's  winter  campaign  against  Vicksburg.  Much  of  the 
time  there  we  were  working  on  Grant's  canal.  In  April  our  brigade  went  up  the 
river  to  Greenville,  Mississippi,  and  made  a  raid  through  the  Deer  Creek  valley 
destroying  corn  and  mills  that  were  supplying  Vicksburg  with  commeal.  We 
also  destroyed  large  quantities  of  cotton  and  many  cotton  presses.     We  then 

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went  down  the  river  again  to  Millikin's  Bend  to  find  we  were  the  rear  of  the 
troops  to  go  below  Vicksburg  on  the  Louisiana  side  to  Grand  Gulf.  After  cross- 
ing the  river  we  were  hurried  to  Jackson,  Mississippi,  and  were  just  in  time  to 
enter  the  city  May  14,  1863.  On  the  15th  we  helped  form  the  right  wing  of  the 
army  and  marched  to  the  investment  and  seige  of  Vicksburg  where  we  were 
under  constant  fire  of  the  enemy  for  forty-eight  days,  or  until  July  4,  1863,  when 
the  rebel  army  surrendered.  We  took  part  in  that  memorable  and  fatal  charge 
of  May  22,  1863. 

On  July  5th  in  the  early  morning,  we  started  after  General  Joe  Johnson, 
who  was  on  the  east  side  of  the  Black  River  and  occupied  fortifications  at  Jack- 
son. After  a  few  days  fighting  at  Jackson  our  brigade  made  a  flank  movement  to 
the  north  and  were  engaged  with  the  enemy  at  Canon.  The  enemy  retreated, 
when  we  returned  to  the  west  side  of  Black  River,  where  we  camped  for  about 
two  months.  Our  ranks  had  become  so  depleted  that  there  were  scarcely  enough 
able  bodied  men  to  do  camp  duty  in  the  regiment.  About  the  20th  of  Septem- 
ber, we  were  again  in  motion.  We  took  boats  at  Vicksburg  for  Memphis,  then 
took  transportation  on  the  top  of  box-cars  for  Corinth,  Mississippi,  where  we 
remained  a  few  days  and  took  part  in  the  Iowa  state  election,  in  October.  We 
then  marched  to  luka,  Cherokee  Station  and  Tuscumbia,  then  returned  to  Chero- 
kee Station,  and  were  the  rear  of  the  army  to  cross  the  Tennessee  River  at 
Eastport.  We  then  marched  by  forced  march  to  Chattanooga,  Tennessee,  to  the 
relief  of  General  Thomas.  We  reached  there  in  time  to  be  engaged  in  the  "Bat- 
tle in  the  Clouds"  on  Lookout  Mountain.  November  24,  1863,  and  from  there  to 
Missionary  Ridge  and  Ringgold.  We  then  moved  back  to  Bridgeport  on  the 
Tennessee  River  where  we  remained  a  few  days  when  we  marched  west  to 
Woodville,  Alabama,  for  winter  quarters,  which  place  we  reached  on  December 
31.  1863.  after  a  hard  day's  march  in. the  rain  on  the  railroad  track.  We  were 
fortunate  to  camp  in  a  cornfield  where  we  could  get  rails  enough  to  spread  our 
blankets  on  to  keep  us  out  of  the  mud.  In  the  morning  of  January  i,  i864t, 
many  of  us  awakened  to  find  our  blankets  frozen  to  the  ground  and  the  field  was 
frozen  so  hard  that  the  mules  could  pass  over  it  without  breaking  through.  This 
was  the  memorable  January  ist,  which  was  the  coldest  and  most  disagreeable 
day  ever  experienced  in  the  country. 

We  soon  moved  our  camp  to  the  south  slope  of  a  hill  in  the  timber  where 
we  fixed  up  comfortable  huts  made  of  logs  and  split  red  cedar.  Many  of  us 
built  fireplaces  in  our  little  cabins  where  we  enjoyed  our  first  and  only  "winter 
quarters"  for  four  months.  On  May  i,  1864.  ^^  '^^^  our  little  village  of  huts, 
and  started  on  the  Atlanta  campaign,  which  lasted  for  four  months.  We  marched 
to  Chattanooga  then  south  through  Snake  Creek  Gap  and  to  Resaca,  where  we 
were  hotly  engaged.  We  then  advanced  and  were  engaged  in  the  battles  of 
Dallas.  Kenesaw  Mountain,  Chattahoochee  River,  Atlanta,  Jonesboro  and  Love- 
joy's  Station.  During  much  of  this  campaign,  we  were  skirmishing  and  under 
fire  of  the  enemy  for  many  days  at  a  time.  We  then  returned  to  E^st  Point, 
where  we  rested  for  about  one  month.  On  October  4th,  we  started  north  in 
pursuit  of  the  enemy  under  General  Hood  who  had  swung  around  to  our  rear 
and  cut  our  communications  with  the  north.  We  marched  north  through  Mari- 
etta to  Altoona  where  General  Coarse  was  entrenched,  and  defeated  the  rebel 

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amiy.  We  continued  north  to  Resaca,  and  Snake  Creek  Gap,  then  southwest 
after  the  enemy  into  Alabama.  About  the  time  General  Hood's  army  was  cross- 
ing the  Tennessee  River  we  went  back  towards  Atlanta  and  reached  the  vicinity 
of  the  Chattahoochee  River  north  of  Atlanta  on  November  5th.  On  November 
6th,  eight  recruits  came  to  our  company.  These  were  Frank  Hicks,  John 
McConnon,  John  Matthews,  William  Galligan,  Chauncey  Perley,  John  McDonald, 
James  Martin  and  John  Clark. 

On  November  8th  we  voted  at  the  presidential  election  for  the  second  elec- 
tion of  Abraham  Lincoln.  The  votes  of  our  regiment  at  that  time  may  be 
of  interest  to  many,  so  I  will  give  it  as  it  appears  in  my  diary  carried  at  that  time. 
This  result  also  shows  about  the  number  of  men  present  in  the  regiment,  ten 
companies,  as  all  with  us  were  voters  regardless  of  age. 

Abraham   Lincoln    229 

General  McClellan 30 

The  vote  on  the  state  ticket  was : 

Union   220 

Democratic    31 

On  Jones  county  ticket: 

G.  P.  Dietz,  for  clerk 72 

No  opposition. 

After  tearing  up  the  railroad  and  cutting  all  communication  with  the  north, 
we  started  on  "Sherman's  march  to  the  Sea,"  November  15,  1864. 

We  passed  through  Atlanta,  and  on  to  Macon,  where  our  second  division  was 
engaged.  We  then  turned  to  the  east  and  marched  near  the  Savannah  and  Macon 
railroad,  tearing  it  up  and  completely  destroying  it.  On  this  march  we  fared  well, 
as  the  country  through  which  we  passed  and  for  miles  around  had  more  sweet 
potatoes,  bacon,  chickens,  honey,  horses,  and  so  forth,  before  our  visit  than 
after.  We  arrived  in  the  vicinity  of  Savannah,  Georgia,  December  10,  where  the 
enemy  was  well  fortified,  and  they  held  us  in  check  for  ten  days.  Here  we  were 
very  short  on  rations  and  were  obliged  to  go  into  the  rice  fields  and  get  rice 
from  the  straw  and  pound  off  the  hulls  as  best  we  could,  then  cook  rice  and 
hulls,  and  make  the  best  of  it.  We  had  but  little  else  to  eat  for  several  days. 
Occasionally  we  could  secure  a  little  com  or  commeal  brought  in  by  our  for- 
agers, and  some  times  a  little  fresh  meat. 

On  December  21st  the  enemy  having  skedaddled  during  the  night  we  marched 
within  the  line  of  the  fortifications  where  we  camped  several  days,  and  were  re- 
viewed by  Generals  Logan  and  Sherman. 

We  left  Savannah  about  January  13,  1865,  and  went  by  steamer  to  Beau- 
fort, South  Carolina,  where  we  camped  a  few  days  when  we  started  on  our 
trip  through  the  Carolinas.  We  marched  northwest  and  north,  through  im- 
mense resin  and  turpentine  forests  and  reached  the  vicinity  of  Columbia,  on  the 
15th  of  February,  1865.  On  the  evening  of  the  i6th,  we  were  ordered  to  the 
front,  and  spent  the  night  crossing  Broad  River  on  a  rope  ferry  built  during  the 
night  by  the  pontoon  train  within  sight  of  the  rebel  picket  fires.  At  daylight 
only  about  three  regiments  had  crossed,  when  all  were  deployed  as  skirmishers, 
and  advanced  through  the  timber.  The  rebel  pickets  and  reserves  were  taken 
in.    The  regiments  soon  after  reformed  in  the  open  fields  on  the  hills  when  they 

Digitized  by 



saw  a  carriage  coming  f  rcwn  the  city  carrying  a  white  flag.  Colonel  Stone  of  the 
Twenty-fifth  Iowa  then  in  command  of  the  brigade  rode  out  to  meet  it,  when 
he  received  the  surrender  of  the  city  by  the  mayor,  while  the  rear  of  the  rebel 
troops  could  be  seen  in  the  distance. 

Colonel  Stone  then  took  the  flag  of  the  Thirty-first  Regiment,  our  regiment 
being  in  advance,  and  rode  into  the  city  and  placed  "Old  Glory"  on  the  state 
capitol  of  South  Carolina.  The  Thirty-first  Regiment  was  the  first  regiment 
of  Union  troops  to  enter  that  stronghold  of  secession,  on  the  morning  of  Feb- 
ruary 17,  1865,  and  we  were  eye  witnesses  of  the  great  conflagration  in  the 

From  there  we  marched  northeast  through  Camden  and  Cheraw  to  Fayette- 
ville,  North  Carolina,  where  I  was  ordered  by  the  division  surgeon  from  the 
ranks,  while  doing  full  duty,  to  report  to  the  ambulance  train  to  go  down  the 
river  to  Wilmington  on  a  river  boat  which  made  communication  with  us  there. 

Company  H  continued  on  the  march,  and  soon  after  fought  its  last  battle 
at  Bentonville,  North  Carolina.  It  then  continued  its  march  to  Raleigh  and 
thence  to  Washington  to  the  grand  review.  From  there  it  was  sent  to  Louis- 
ville, Kentucky,  where  its  members  were  mustered  out  June  27,  1865. 

Company  H  was  enlisted  and  organized  in  August,  1862,  and  was  mustered 
into  the  United  States  service,  October  13,  1862  at  Davenport.  The  company 
then  numbered  ninety-four  enlisted  men  and  three  commissioned  officers.  Dur- 
ing the  year  1864,  ^^  received  twenty-two  recruits,  making  a  total  membership 
during  the  service  of  one  hundred  and  twenty-two  men.  Of  this  number, 
forty-seven  died  in  the  service,  fourteen  were  discharged  on  account  of  wounds 
and  disability,  two  were  transferred  and  one  was  captured. 

Company  H  was  in  twenty-five  battles  and  in  many  of  them  we  were  under 
fire  for  several  days  at  a  time,  as  will  be  seen  on  another  page. 

During  the  year  1864,  we  were  under  fire  of  the  enemy  eighty-two  days,  01 
nearly  one  quarter  of  the  time,  and  we  marched  during  that  year  one  thousand, 
and  eight  miles.  These  items  are  taken  from  a  diary  carried  by  me  during 
1864.  From  the  time  Company  H  left  the  state  until  it  fought  its  last  battle  at 
Bentonville,  North  Carolina,  it  had  been  under  fire  of  the  enemy  nearly  one- 
fifth  of  the  time.  Not  always  on  the  fighting  line,  but  either  there  or  on  the 
reserve  which  was  usually  as  dangerous.  The  record  for  Company  H  is  also  a 
record  for  the  Thirty-first  Regiment  so  far  as  it  relates  to  service. 

I  might  have  given  a  more  detailed  record  of  our  many  battles,  privations, 
scarcity  of  rations  and  incidents  of  marches  and  campaigns,  but  time  and  your 
patience  forbid. 

Such  was  our  service  for  the  cause  of  liberty  and  imion.  We  did  our  part 
well  in  the  great  struggle  for  the  preservation  of  the  Union  which  cost  the  north 
three  hundred  thousand  lives  and  billions  of  dollars  in  money,  besides  a  million 
of  disabled  soldiers  and.  dependent  families.  It  is  now  costing  this  nation  mil- 
lions of  dollars  yearly  to  pay  pensions  to  the  disabled  veterans  and  the  families 
of  veterans  of  that  war.  All  this  is  what  disloyalty  has  cost  and  is  costing  this 
nation,  and  still  we  have  disloyalty  in  our  midst.  All  violations  of  law  are  evi- 
dences of  disloyalty.  I  appeal  to  all  citizens,  men,  women,  teachers,  yes,  every- 
body to  make  it  their  duty  to  teach  loyalty,  obedience  to  the  law,  then  will  we 

Digitized  by 




truly  have  a  powerful  and  united  nation  with  no  danger  of  a  repetition  of  the 
terrible  w'ar  of  1861  to  1865. 


1.  Fred  H  Blodgett 

2.  David  \V.  Perrine    • 

3.  William  S.  Johnson 

4.  John  W.  Cook 

5.  Samuel  Williamson 

6.  Edgar  G.  Himes 

7.  Newton  Bently 

8.  Benjamin  Batchelder 

9.  William  S.  Campbell 
ID.  Charles  Whitney 

11.  Samuel  G.  Glenn 

12.  John  Albertson 

13.  Wallace  Beckos 

14.  John  Breen 

15.  Johnson  Canfield 

16.  ]\Iiles  H.  Corbett 

17.  Ed.  D.  Covert 

18.  Palmer  Cunningham 

19.  William  W.  Darling 

20.  Jacob  Dreiblebis 

21.  Benjamin  F.  Going 

22.  Wallace  Goodwin 

23.  Perry  A.  Himebaugh 

24.  Cyprian  Hunter 

25.  Harvey  Johnson 

26.  Isaac  S.  Lawrence 

27.  Harvey  Lamb 

28.  James  W.  Lightfoot 

29.  William    Merriman 

30.  Francis  Morse 

31.  James  Martin 

32  William  R.  Marvin 

33.  Samuel  N.  McBride 

34.  Oscar  J.  Morehouse 

35.  Samuel  Nelson 

36.  Samuel  J.  Nelson 

37.  Robert  D.  Nelson 

38.  Mervin  Nelson 

39.  Matthew  D.  Nelson 

40.  John  Redman 

41.  John  P.  Rearick 

42.  Matthew  H.  Rankin 

43.  Francis  M.  Rynerson 

44.  Samuel  Richardson 

45.  Abner  Stofer 

46.  Jeremiah    Spencer 

47.  Jacob  Smith 


I.  Lieutenant  Franklin 

3.  Lieutenant  James  G. 

3.  George  A.  Jones 

5.  Oliver  Ackerman 

6.  William  Bamhill 

7.  Leroy  H.  Bumight 

8.  William  Dawson 

9.  George  C.  Foster 

11.  Chauncey  C.  Pearly 

12.  William  Nelson 

13.  Matthias  Watson 

14.  William  Whittemore 

4.  W^illiam  F.  Sutherland  10.  William   P.  Gardner 
Transferred :     Samuel  J.  Covert,  John  B.  Gerrett. 
Captured,  John  Clark. 


1.  Chickasaw  Bayou 

2.  Arkansas  Post 

3.  Thomas  Plantation 

4.  Black  Bayou 

5.  Fourteen-mile  Creek 

6.  Jackson.  Mississippi 

7.  Rear  and  Siege  of  Vicksburg 

8.  Jackson  (second  time) 

9.  Canton 

10.  Cherokee  Station 

1 1 .  Pine  Knob 

12.  Tuscumbia 

13.  Cherokee  Station  (second  time) 

14.  Lookout  Mountain 

15.  Missionary  Ridge 

16.  Ringgold 

17.  Resaca 

18.  Dallas 

IQ.  Kenesaw  Mountain 

20.  Atlanta 

2T.  Jonesboro 

22.  T.ovejoys  Station. 

r»3.  Columbia 

^j.  Savannah 

-^c.   Bentonville 

Digitized  by 




May,  11;  June,  22  \  July,  8  August,  26;  September,  6;  December,  9.  Total, 
eighty-two  days. 

Marched  during  1864,  one  thousand  and  eight  miles. 

R.  M.  Marvin, 
Late  Orderly  Sergeant,  Company  H.  Thirty-first  Regiment,  lotva. 

history  of  the  twenty-fourth  IOWA  volunteer  infantry. 

The  following  short  sketch  of  the  history  of  the  gallant  regiment  of  the 
Twenty-fourth  Iowa  Volunteer  Infantry  was  prepared  by  Major  Henry  O'Conner 
in  the  Grand  Army  record  and  guardsmen,  on  the  occasion  of  the  reunion  of  the 
regiment  at  Marion  a  few  years  ago.  Company  K,  which  was  made  up  largely 
of  Wyoming  boys,  belonged  to  this  regiment  and  was  the  only  Jones  county 
company  in  the  regiment.  The  other  companies  in  this  regiment  were :  Company 
A  from  Jackson  and  Clinton  counties;  B  and  C  from  Cedar  cotmty;  D  from 
Washington,  Johnson  and  Cedar;  E  from  Tama;  F.  G  and  H  from  Linn;  I  from 
Jackson;  and  K  from  Jones.  The  regiment  being  mustered  out  at  Savannah, 
Georgia,  July  17,  1865. 

The  Twenty-fourth  Iowa  Infantry  went  into  the  war  with  a  history.  It  was 
christened  by  the  Thirty-fifth  boys  at  Camp  Strong,  on  Muscatine  Island,  "Kirk- 
wood's  Temperance  Regiment."  It  came  out  with  a  volume  added  to  that  history 
illuminated  on  every  page  by  deeds  of  heroism  and  dauntless  valor  that  threw  away 
back  in  the  shade  the  most  daring  deeds  of  Marengo,  Waterloo  and  Inkerman. 
A  picture  of  this  regiment  in  a  fight  would  be  fame  and  fortune  to  the  scenic 
artist  who  reproduced  Gettysburg,  Atlanta  and  Nashville,  but  I  must  content 
myself  with  a  feeble  attempt  to  tell  the  simple  story  in  the  plainest  prose. 

The  regiment  was  mustered  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  at  Camp 
Strong,  on  Muscatine  Island,  in  September,  1862.  The  field  officers  had  already 
been  appointed  and  commissioned  by  Governor  Kirkwood.  The  Rev.  Eben  C. 
Byam,  of  Linn  county,  a  distinguished  minister  of  the  Methodist  church,  was 
commissioned  colonel;  John  Q.  Wilds,  one  of  the  grandest  of  men  ambng  the 
Twenty- fourth,  exceptionally  brave,  lieutenant  colonel,  and  Ed.  Wright,  of 
"Old  Cedar/'  major.  Charley  Byam,  then  a  boy,  was  adjutant,  and  his  brother 
Will,  a  grand  old  man,  with  the  frosts  of  twelve  winters  on  his  head,  commis- 
sioned himself  as  "drummer  boy,"  and  made  his  little  snare  drum  talk  to  the 
tunes  of  "John  Brown's  Body,"  and  Moore's  "Come,  Ye  Disconsolate."  Three 
of  its  captains,  I  know,  four,  I  believe — were  Methodist  preachers — Dimmitt, 
Vinson,  Carbee  and  Casebeer. 

On  the  19th  of  October,  1862,  the  regiment  left  Camp  Strong  under  march- 
ing orders  for  St.  Louis,  and  on  their  arrival  at  the  latter  city  were  met  with 
similar  orders  to  proceed  at  once  to  Helena.  Here  they  remained  during  the 
winter,  drilling,  and  getting  a  "good  ready,"  varying  the  monotony  of  camp  life 
with  occasional  scoutings  and  short  expeditions.  Here  the  Twenty-fourth  spent 
the  "winter  of  its  discontent,"  with  rain,  mud,  drill,  dress  parade,  preaching, 
singing,  grumbling  "for  the  field,"  and  here,  too,  under  the  stem  rules  of  military 

Digitized  by 



necessity,  they  lost  their  character  and  baptismal  name  of  Kirkwood's  temper- 
ance regiment. 

Their  longing  for  the  field  was  soon  gratified.  Early  in  the  spring  the  regi- 
ment was  attached  to  the  Thirteenth  army  corps,  in  Grant's  grand  army  of 
Vicksburg,  and  from  the  middle  of  April,  when  the  battle  began  at  Millikin's 
Bend,  to  the  22d  of  May,  under  the  walls  of  Southern  Gibralter,  it  may  be  said 
without  figure  of  speech,  that  the  Twenty-fourth  Iowa  Infantry  saw  nothing  but 
fighting.  They,  like  other  regiments,  had  lost  heavily  by  sickness  duriiig  their 
stay  at  Helena.  Fifty  of  their  number  slept  in  southern  graves,  around  that 
terrible  Arkansas  camp.  But  the  regiment  was  still  ready  and  burning  for  the 
fray.  They  missed  the  river  at  Hard  Times,  and  watched  with  soldierly  impa- 
tience from  the  old  transport  boat  on  the  river  their  comrades  storming  and  tak- 
ing Port  Gibson.  They  landed  and  at  last  reached  the  first  real  field  of  their 
glory,  far  famed  Champion  Hills.  On  the  i6th  of  May,  1863,  in  this  terrible  bat- 
tle, the  Twenty- fourth  regiment  was  in  the  fore  front.  They  painted  the  field  red 
with  their  blood  and  covered  themselves  with  imperishable  glory.  Major  Ed. 
Wright,  throwing  away  the  last  shred  of  his  Cedar  county  Quaker  garb,  led  the 
boys  into  the  very  jaws  of  death.  At  one  moment  the  Twenty- fourth  charged 
alone  a  rebel  battery  of  five  guns  under  a  rain  of  grape  and  cannister.  They 
rushed  on  with  a  wild  shout,  trampled  down  the  gunners,  and  took  the  battery 
and  went  far  beyond  it,  driving  the  brave  confederate  army  before  them  in  the 
wildest  confusion.  But  how  dearly  was  their  glory  purchased.  Major  Wright 
was  severely  wounded.  Captains  Johnson  and  Carbee  and  Lieutenant  Lawrence 
were  killed.  I  knew  them  all  well.  Forty-three  officers  and  men  fell  dead  on  the 
field,  forty  more  were  borne  from  it  with  mortal  wounds  to  early  graves.  Out 
of  four  hundred  and  seventeen  that  entered  the  fight,  one  hundred  were  killed, 
wounded  and  captured.  Not  a  name  was  returned  as  missing.  Such  was  the 
record  of  the  Methodist  regiment  made  on  the  glorious  field  of  Champion  Hilk. 

It  took  its  full  part  in  every  battle  around  Vicksburg,  after,  up  to,  and  includ- 
ing the  23d  of  May,  under  the  walls.  When  Vicksburg  fell,  the  regiment  was 
sent  to  General  Banks,  and  skeleton  that  it  now  was,  it  fought  its  way  to  the 
front  all  through  the  Red  River  campaign.  At  the  disastrous  battle  of  Sabine 
Cross  Roads,  a  handful  of  the  Twenty-fourth  'fought  like  tigers  and  shared 
the  defeat,  but  not  the  disgrace  of  that  badly  managed  field.  At  Alexandria, 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Wilds  rejoined  the  regiment  with  some  recruits  from  Iowa, 
where  he  had  been  on  recruiting  service. 

On  the  22d  of  July  it  started  by  river,  gulf  and  ocean  for  Alexandria,  Va., 
and  thence  going  to  Harper's  Ferry,  became  part  of  Sheridan's  army  of  the  Shen- 
andoah valley.  At  Winchester  and  Cedar  Creek  the  Twenty-fourth,  side  by  side 
with  the  Twenty-second  Iowa,  responded  to  Sheridan's  call  of  "What's  the  mat- 
ter boys ;  face  the  other  way  and  follow  me,"  and  again  got  in  their  work.  Three 
lieutenants,  Camp  (adjutant)  Captain  Gould  and  Lieutenant  Dillman  were  killed. 
It  lost  an  officer  and  seven  men,  only  three  of  whom  were  captured.  At 
Fisher's  hill  on  the  24th  of  July  it  was  again  at  the  front,  and  on  that  bloody 
field  nearly  one  hundred  of  its  officers  and  men  were  killed  and  wounded,  and 
here  one  of  the  truest  and  bravest  of  soldiers.  Colonel  Wilds,  was  killed,  leaving 
his  life  blood  on  the  revolutionary  soil  of  grand  old  Virginia.     This  was  the 

Digitized  by 



last  fight  for  the  Twenty-fourth.    It  soon  after  joined  Sherman's  grand  army 
on  its  return  march  through  the  Carolinas. 

After  literally  fighting  its  way  all  round  the  United  States  the  regiment  came 
home  to  receive  more  kisses  than  the  tears  that  were  shed  at  its  going  away  four 
years  before.  Every  woman  and  girl  in  three  counties  that  could  get  into  line 
received  it  with  a  "present  arms."  If  there  was  a  bigger  or  braver  r^ment 
in  the  whole  union  arm  of  one  million,  five  himdred  thousand  than  the  Twenty- 
fourth  Iowa  Infantry,  I  have  yet  to  read  its  story.  It  illustrated  and  demon- 
strated two  facts,  namely :  that  in  the  great  communion  of  the  Methodist  church 
a  traitor  could  find  no  shelter,  nor  in  its  representative  r^ment  could  a  coward 
find  rest.  Colonel  Wright,  with  a  well  earned  brigadier's  star  on  his  shoulder; 
Qark,  whose  modesty  was  only  outdone  by  his  daimtless  bravery,  as  major 
commanding,  are  both  still  honored  citizens  in  Iowa.  Colonel  Byam  died  two 
years  ago  near  his  old  home  in  the  state  of  New  York,  a  brave  soldier,  bom 
gentleman,  and  as  true  a  friend  as  man  ever  had.  Charlie,  the  first  adjutant,  is  in 
California,  and  Will,  the  drummer  boy,  is  among  Sioux  City's  best  citizens,  loved 
and  respected  by  every  one  that  knows  him,  without  r^;ard  to  age,  sex  or  previ- 
ous condition  of  servitude. 


Taken  Principally  from  Adjutant  General's  Reports, 

Adjt Adjutant     inf infantry 

Art Artillery     I.  V.  I Iowa  Volimteer  Infantry 

Bat Battle  or  Battalion     kid killed 

Col Colonel     Lieut Lieutenant 

Capt Captain     Maj Major 

Corp Corporal     m.  o mustered  out 

Comsy Commissary     prmtd promoted 

com commissioned     prisr prisoner 

cav cavalry     Regt Regiment 

captd captured     re-e re-enlisted 

disab ...    disabled     resd resigned 

disd discharged     Sergt Sergeant 

e enlisted     trans transferred 

excd exchanged     vet veteran 

hon.  disd honorably  discharged     V.  R.  C Veteran  Reserve  Corps 

inv invalid     wd wounded 


(Note. — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Louisville,  Ky,,  July  25,  1865.) 
Maj.  Don  A.  Carpenter,  com.  capt.  Co.  B  Sept.  2,  1861,  prmtd  maj.  July  i, 

1862,  died  at  Rome,  Iowa,  Jan.  8,  1864. 

First  Lieut.  John  H.  Green,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  3,  1861,  prmtd.  ist  lieut.  Aug. 

8,  1863,        .      '         . 

Digitized  by 



Company  A 

Grinrod,  Joshua,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Groat,  Thomas,  e.  Aug.  14,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Norton,  A.  M.,  e.  Aug.  3,  1861,  died  Sept.  15,  1863. 

Miller,  Peter,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Norton,  F.  P.,  e.  Aug.  3,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge  and  died  April  3,  1862. 

Company  B 

Capt.  John  W.  Niles,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  12,  1861,  prmtd.  ist  lieut.  May  23, 
1863,  prmtd.  capt.  Jan.  16,  1865. 

First  Lieut.  Walter  James,  e.  as  corp.  Aug.  12,  1861,  prmtd,  ist  lieut.  Jan. 
16,  1865. 

First  Lieut,  Jacob  Jones,  com.  2d  lieut.  Sept.  2,  1861,  prmtd,  ist  lieut.  Aug. 
I,  1861. 

First  Lieut.  Morgan  Bumgardner,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge  and 
Vicksburg,  disd.  Nov.  30,  1863,  wds. 

Sergt.  Thos.  W.  Blizzard,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  kid.  at  Vicksburg. 

Sergt.  Wm.  Jennings,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  prmtd.  2d  lieut.  Aug.  i,  1862. 

Sergt.  Wm.  T.  Peet,  e.  Aug.  17,  1861,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Sergt.  E.  H.  Handy,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  July  29,  1862. 

Sergt.  C.  H.  Lane,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861. 

Corp.  Lewis  P.  Tourtelott,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Corp.  John  M.  Mason,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861. 

Corp.  Owen  Farley,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861. 

Corp.  Isaac  Walker,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  kid.  at  Vicksburg. 

Corp.  Wm.  H.  Glick,  e.  Aug.  12,  186 1,  wd.  at  Missionary  Ridge. 

Corp.  Jas.  M.  Warner,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861. 

Corp.  Jonathan  Luther,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg,  captd.  at  Clays- 
ville,  Ala.,  died  at  Andersonville. 

Corp.  Geo.  H.  Bowers,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  kid.  at  Vicksburg. 

Corp.  Henry  Robinson,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  kid.  at  Kenesaw 

Musician  Benj.  F.  Harrison,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  died  at  Forsythe,  Mo. 

Musician  Theo.  L.  Bunce,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Wagoner  Joseph  Soults,  e.  Aug.  30,  1861,  disd.  Sept.  9,  1863,  disab. 

Wagoner  Hannibal  Freeman,  e.  Nov.  25,  1861,  disd.  April  8,  1862. 

Arnold,  Riley,  e.  Sept.  26,  1862. 

Ailer,  Geo.  F.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg. 

Bugh,  Alex.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Brown,  Jas.  J.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  11,  1862. 

Barker,  Usal,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861. 

Blakely,  Nelson  D.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  wd.  at  Jonesboro,  Ga. 

Brickley,  Jas.  T.,  c.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  Oct.  9,  1862,  disab. 

Baldwin,  M.  O..  e.  Aug.  17,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg. 

Beaman,  Daniel,  e.  Nov.  25,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg,  died  at  Nashville. 

Cornwell,  John  L..  e.  Sept.  18,  1861.  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Digitized  by 



Cleveland,  R.  J.,  e.  Oct.  9,  1862,  disd.  March  21,  1863. 

Crook,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  25,  1861. 

Crow,  A.  B.,  e.  Sept.  10,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg. 

Colby,  Chas.,  e.  Sept.  25,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  31,  1861. 

Dunham,  Wallace,  e.  Aug.  23,  1861. 

Easterly,  Lawrence,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  died  Jan.  25,  1862. 

Ensign,  Devolso,  e.  Aug.  23,  1861,  died  April  12,  1862. 

Finch,  E.  D.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  March  2,  1862,  disab. 

Freeman,  H.,  e.  Nov.  25,  1861. 

Finch,  Irwin,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Fry,  Enoch,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Gault,  Moses,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Graham,  Wm.  J.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg  and  Ringgold,  Ga.,  vet. 
Jan.  I,  1864,  prmtd.  sergt. 

Green,  Jasper,  e.  Sept.  24,  1861,  disd.  April  21,  1863,  disab. 

Hall,  Andrew  H.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  prmtd.  corp. 

Irwin,  Isaac,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861. 

Hitchcock,  Thos.  X.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  captd.  Dallas,  Ga. 

Johnson,  Geo.  L.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Kerr,  S.  P.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Long,  Joel,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  died  at  Nashville. 

Metcalf,  Arthur,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  wd.  Kenesaw  Mountain, 
disd.  Dec.  28,  1864,  wds. 

McNellan,  James,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  March  11,  1863,  disab. 

McGuegan,  Thomas,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  Aug.  27,  1862. 

Merrett.  H.  X.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  disd.  March  11,  1862,  disab. 

McCarty,  Chas..  e.  Aug.  23,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  11,  1862,  disab. 

Matteson,  D.  M.,  e.  Aug.  29,  1862,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

McGowan,  C,  e.  Aug.  12,  t86i. 

Osbom,  J.  v.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  kid.  Pea  Ridge,  Ark. 

Roberts,  Lyman  A.,  e.  Aug.  29,  1862,  disd.  July  2,  1865,  disab. 

Rummel,  D.  E.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Robinson,  Sam'l,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Robinson,  Sam'l  O.,  e.  Dec.  19,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  16,  1863,  disab. 

Rich,  Nelson,  e.  Sept.  10,  1861. 

Robinson,  J.,  e.  Dec.  20,  1861. 

Stall,  S.  H.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  Vicksburg,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Stewart.  Joshua,  e.  Aug.  12.  1861,  disd.  Oct.  13,  1862,  disab. 

Stewart,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  captd. 
at  Dallas,  Ga. 

Sells,  Amos,  e.  Oct.  9,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  captd.  at  Dallas,  Ga. 
Stillman,  Jas.  R.,  e.  Aug.  23,  1862,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Sherman,  Benedict,  e.  Sept.  24,  1861,  disd.  Jan.  18,  1862,  disab. 

Seely.  Norman,  e.  Sept.  23,  1861,  captd.,  died  at  Andersonville. 

Torrance.  Adam  C,  e.  Aug.  25,  1861. 

\^olle,  John,  vet.  Jan.  i.  1864. 

Vaughn,  Sam'l  J.,  e.  March  18,  1864.  wd.  Dallas,  Ga. 

Digitized  by 



Welch,  Jas.  M.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Cherokee,  Ala.,  disd.  Sept.  22,  1864. 

Walter,  Jas.,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  prmtd.  sergt. 

Weaver,  Francis,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Weeks,  S.  M.,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864.  died  at  Rome,  Ga. 

Winn,  W.  B.,  e.  Aug.  23,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  8,  1862,  disab. 

Wells,  E.  v.,  e.  Aug.  30,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Warner,  Jas.  M.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Company  D 

Capt.  David  Harper,  com.  Sept.  7,  1861,  resd.  Feb.  14,  1863. 

Capt.  Francis  C.  McKean,  e.  as  ist  sergt.  Aug.  16,  i86i,  prmtd.  2d  lieut. 
July  9,  1862,  prmtd.  capt.  Feb.  15,  1863,  "^-  ^'  ^^c.  31,  1864. 

Capt.  Jos.  A.  Burdick,  e.  as  corp.  Aug.  16,  i86i,  prmtd,  sergt.  maj.,  wd.  Pea 
Ridge  and  Vicksburg,  prmtd.  capt.  Jan.  i,  1865. 

First  Lieut.  David  F.  McGee,  com.  Sept.  2,  1861,  resd.  July  8,  1862. 

First  Lieut.  Carso  Crane,  com.  2d  lieut.  Sept.  7,  1861,  prmtd.  ist  lieut.  July 
9,  1862,  resd.  March  14,  1863. 

First  Lieut.  Jno.  Sutherland,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  19,  1861,  wd.  Pea  Ridge,  prmtd. 
1st  lieut.  March  15,  1863,  wd.  Vicksburg,  disd.  Jan.  2,  1865. 

First  Lieut.  Zadock  Moore,  e.  as  corp.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Atlanta,  prmtd.  ist 
lieut.  April  4,  1865. 

Second  Lieut.  Ezra  Nuckolls,  e.  as  corp.  Aug.  16,  1861,  prmtd.  2d.  lieut. 
March  15,  1863,  m.  o.  Oct.  21,  1864. 

First  Lieut.  Fred  D.  Gilbert,  e.  Aug.  29,  1861,  kid.  at  Vicksburg. 

Sergt.  Alfred  C.  Hines,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  kid.  at  Pea  Ridge. 

Sergt.  Thomas  Sweesey,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  died  March  24,  1862,  of  wds. 
received  at  Pea  Ridge. 

Sergt.  Wm.  C.  Glenn,  e.  Aug.  16,  i86i,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  died  Aug.  2,  1862. 

Corp.  Wm.  L.  Murphy,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  died  March  10,  1862. 

Corp.  John  A.  Dreibelbis,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  died  at  Helena, 

Corp.  Wm.  Hunter,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  died  at  Canton. 

Corp.  A.  J.  Carter,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea'  Ridge  and  died  April  25, 

Corp.  Wm.  McVay,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  April  13,  1862. 

Corp.  Thos.  Scott,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  April,  1862,  disab. 

Corp.  Isaac  Miller,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge. 

Corp.  Isaac  White,  e.  Aug.  16,  1862,  disd.  July  3,  1862. 

Button,  Wm.,  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Breen,  Michael,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Byers,  Jacob  L.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Vicksburg. 

Butcher,  Eli,  e.  Sept.  2,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Beatty,  Alex.,  e.  Sept.  19,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  Aug.  23,  1862. 

Conklin,  Jas.  W.,  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Cook,  David  F.,  e.  Aug.  i6,  1861,  died  at  Young's  Pt.,  La. 

Crane,  W.  S.,  e.  Feb.  25,  1864. 

Clark.  Wm..  e.  .\ug.  16.  1861.  died  April  16.  1862. 

Digitized  by 



CaUahan,  J.  O.,  e.  Feb.  26,  1864. 

Cassaday,  Jackson,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Cassaday,  James,  e.  Aug.  30,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  captd.  Claysville,  Mo. 

Charles,  Isaac  N.,  e.  Aug.  16,  i86i,'wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  March  21,  1863. 

Cross,  Henry,  e.  Sept.  9,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  Sept.  24,  1861. 

Dean,  Wm.  H.,  e.  March  21,  1864,  drowned  at  Marietta,  Ga. 

Dubois  E.,  e.  Aug.  26,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Dixon,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Aug.  26,  1861,  w^d.  at  Vicksburg,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Dockstader,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  captd.  at  Claysville. 

Dunake,  Cyrus,  e.  Aug.  29,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Deffendorffer,  Jas.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Dixon,  Thomas  C,  e.  Aug.  26,  1861,  died  April  14,  1862. 

Espy,  R.  J.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864,  wd.  at  Atlanta. 

Ewing,  Milligan,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Fuller,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  Aug.  23,  1862. 

Fillson,  Robt.  F.,  e.  Feb.  25,  1864,  died  Aug.  13,  1864. 

Fuller,  Chas.,  e.  Sept.  23,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  June  18,  1862. 

Gilbert,  Amos  D.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  captd.  at  Claysville. 

Gridley,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Green,  Jos.  E.,  e.  Aug.  26,  1861,  died  NoV.  28,  1861. 

Howard,  George,  e.  Nov.  20,  1861,  died  March  10,  1862. 

Hogeboom,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Hutton,  Philander,  e.  Feb.  26,  1864. 

Holman,  S.  F.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  17,  1862. 

Himebaugh,  George  L.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  July  3,  1863,  disab. 

Kohoe,  Edw.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  kid.  in  Chicago,  III 

Karst,  George,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  Aug.  28,  1862. 

Lowbower,  John  C,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  July  27,  1863,  disab. 

Magee,  F.  A.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864. 

Miller,  James,  e.  Sept.  3,  1864,  wd.  Vicksburg,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Magee,  John  C.  e.  Feb.  22,  1864. 

Moore,  John,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  disd. 
June  27,  1865. 

Moore,  Zadock,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Mersellus,  Charles,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  died  at  Milliken's 

Nichols,  J.  C,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Vicksburg,  vet.  Jan.  2,  1864. 

Nichols,  O.  D.,  e.  Sept.  19,  1861,  disd.  May  29,  1862,  disab. 

Overly,  Jas.  F.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  died  Jan.  31,  1862. 

Overly,  Henry,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Pea  Ridge,  died  April  9,  1862. 

Palmer,  Leroy,  e.  Aug.  19,  1861,  captd.  at  Claysville,  died  at  Andersonville. 

Phillips,  Alexander,  e.  Aug.  23,  1861,  disd.  Jan.  11,  1862,  disab. 

Phelps,  John,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861,  died  April  9,  1862. 

Remington,  Newman,  e.  Aug.  19,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  23,  1864. 

Remington,  E.,  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Ridings,  James,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  Sept.  20,  1862. 

Digitized  by 



Ripley,  George,  e.  Aug.  i6,  1861,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 
Ross,  F.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  23,  1864. 
Sutherland,  A.,  e.  Feb.  25,  1864. 

Schuster,  A.  E.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  29,  1863,  disab. 
Stewart,  B.,  e.  March  10,  1864. 

Sutherland,  D.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Pea  Ridge,  died  March  15,  1862. 
Sutherland,  M.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  at  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  Oct.  2,  1862. 
South,  F.  M.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1861. 

Smith,  Geo.  W.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disab. 
Sanders,  M.,  e.  Aug.  30,  1861.  wd.  Chickasaw  Bayou,  Miss.,  disd.  April  22, 

Standish,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Aug.  26,  1861,  died  Feb.  25,  1862. 

ShuU,  J.  B.,  e.  Nov.  23,  1861,  kid.  at  Pea  Ridge. 

Stowell,  G.  R.  C,  e.  Sept.  4,  1861,  disd. 

Stowell,  Joseph,  e.  Sept.  4,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  23,  1864. 

Smith,  Jas.  H.,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Tompkins,  A.  S.,  e.  Aug.  26,  1861,  captd.  at  Pea  Ridge. 

Vansant,  L.  J.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  died  Jan.  i,  1862. 

Van  Volkinburgh,  V.,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861. 

Wright,  Jas.  C,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Pea  Ridge,  disd.  Sept.  24,  1864. 

Waldron,  James,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  disd.  Jan.  18,  1862,  disab. 

Winslow,  Amos,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  died  Oct.  12,  1861. 

White,  Jos.  L.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1861,  wd.  Pea  Ridge,  died  April  22,  1862. 

Wood,  William,  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

White,  Isaac,  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Company  E 
Lenhart,  John,  e.  Feb.  20,  1864. 

Company  F 
Tibbetts,  W.  F.,  e.  April  23,  1864. 
Wilcox.  Hiram  R..  e.  Sept.  8,  1861,  died  May  5,  1862. 

Company  G 
Blair,  Jas.,  vet.  Jan.   i,  1864. 

Company  H 
Jacoby,  Jas.,  e.  March  14,  1864. 
Jacoby.  Elias,  e.  March  14,  1864,  died  June  5,  1864. 

Company  Unknozvn 
Radden,  Thos..  e.  Nov.  3,  1864. 
Stuart,  John  A.,  e.  Feb.  29.  1864. 


(Note — This  regiment  u^as  mustered  out  at  Memphis,  Tenn.,  Jan.  20,  1866,) 

Company  D 

First  Lieut.  Erastus  B.  Soper,  e.  as  sergt.  Sept.  20,  1861,  prmtd.  2d  lieut 
April  8,  1862,  prmtd,  1st  lieut.  March  24,  1863,  accidentally  wd.  at  Camp  Sher- 
man, m.  o.  Dec.  i,  1864. 

Soper,  Roswell  K.,  e.  Oct.  i,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  vet.  Dec.  25,  1863. 

Digitized  by 



Company  F 

Sergt.  E.  S.  Winchell,  e.  Sept.  25,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Dec.  i,  1862. 

Halfhill,  H.  E.,  e.  Sept.  25,  1861,  died  Jan.  9,  1862. 

Hunter,  Geo.,  e.  Oct.  28,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  vet.  Dec.  25,  1863. 

Halfhill,  J.,  e.  Sept.  25,  1861.  disd,  April  4,  1862. 

Ralston,  Nelson,  e.  Feb.  15,  1864. 

Company  K 

Sergt.  Stephen  P.  Collins,  e.  Sept.  10,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  vet.  Dec.  25, 

Pay,  Wm.  S.,  e.  Sept.  19,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  vet.  Dec.  25,  1863. 

Church,  P.,  e.  Nov.  18,  1861,  vet.  Dec.  25,  1863. 

Sover,  Thomas,  e.  Sept.  6,  1861,  died  at  Montgomery,  Ala. 

Dillon,  Michael,  e.  Nov.  20,  1861,  vet.  Dec.  25,  1863. 

Whittemore,  H.,  e.  Nov.  23,  1861,  disd.  April  18,  1863. 

Dillon,  Jas.,  vet.  Dec.  25,  1863. 


(Note — This  regiment,  except  veterans  and  recruits,  were  mustered  out  at 
Davenport,  N^o7'.  16,  1864.  The  veterans  and  recruits  were  consolidated  into 
two  companies,  called  Residuary  Battery  No.  14,  which  was  mustered  out  May 
I3r  1863.) 

Col.  VVm.  T.  Shaw,  com.  Oct.  24,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  returned  Nov.  18, 
1862.  disd.  Nov.  16,   1864. 

Asst.  Surg.  Shadrack  Hoskins,  e.  as  hospital  steward,  prmtd.  asst.  surg, 
April  9,  1863. 

Q.  M.  Clinton  C.  Buell,  com.  Nov.  6,  1861,  m.  o.  Nov.  25,  1864. 

Chaplain  Samuel  A.  Benton,  com.  Nov.  22,  1861,  resd.  Jan.  30,  1862. 

Q.  M.  Sergt.  Orrin  L.  Walker,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  disd. 

Company  B 

Wagoner  David  W.  Shoemaker,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  at  Cairo,  111. 
Bisby,  James,  e.  Oct.  18,  1862,  wd.,  disd.  March  27,  1863. 
Graves,  Cyrus  B.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1862,  died  at  Columbus,  Ky. 
Boyle,  James,  e.  Dec.  17,  1862. 
Harvey,  Chas.  T.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 
Holden,  John  W.,  e.  Nov.  13,  1863. 
Minard,  Chas.  W.,  e.  Dec.  17,  1862. 
Willard,  Curtis  A.,  e.  Nov.  15,  1862. 

Company  C 

Capt.  Geo.  H.  Wolfe,  com.  Oct.  25,  1861. 
.Second  Lieut.  Anthony  Courtright,  com.  Oct.  25,  1861. 
(NoTE.^-5rr  Forty- first  Infantry,  where  the  originally  enlisted  men  were 
transferred  September,  1862.) 

Digitized  by 



Company  H 

Capt.  Leroy  A.  Crane,  com.  2d  lieut.  Nov.  6,  1861,  missing  bat.  Shiloh,  com. 
1st  lieut.  Jan.  25,  1863,  prmtd.  capt.  March  5,  1863. 

First  Lieut.  Orville  Burke,  e,  as  ist  sergt.  Oct.  12,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh,  prmtd. 
2d  lieut.  Feb.  2,  1863,  prnitd.  ist  lieut.  March  5,  1863,  capt.  Co.  B,  Residuary 
Bat.  14th  Inf. 

Second  Lieut.  Jos.  B.  Gilbert,  prmtd.  2d  lieut.  April  8,  1863. 

Sergt.  J.  W.  Deleplane,  e.  Oct.  24,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  Sept.  2,  1862. 

Sergt.  Jason  Hubbard,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  March  25,  1863. 

Sergt.  Perry  L.  Smith,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861. 

Corp.  Jas.  A.  Palmer,  e.  Oct.  19,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh. 

Corp.  Jno.  L.  Underwood,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd. 

Corp.  Chas.  W.  Hadley,  e.  Oct.  12,  i86i,- captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  March  25,  1863. 

Corp.  Sam'l  E.  Peck,  e.  Oct.  16,  '61,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  Jan.  9,  1863. 

Corp.  Carr  Hall,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  disd.  March  24,  1862. 

Corp.  Orrin  L.  Walker,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861. 

Corp.  Jas.  E.  Bonstel,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh. 

Musician  Jas.  H.  Clark,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  disd.  July  20,  1862,  disab. 

Wagoner,  Jos.  Button,  e.  Oct.  5,  1861. 

Bender,  Joshua,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Bradfield,  E.  W.,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  disd.  June  17,  1862,  disab. 

Brownell,  O.  D.,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  disd.  March  4,  1862. 

Chapman,  C,  e.  Dec.  8,  1861,  disd.  Nov.  27,  1862. 

Conklin,  Jno.  H.,  e.  Oct.  20,  1861,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  March  28,  1863. 

Cline,  Chas.,  e.  Dec.  31,  1861,  wd.  Shiloh,  disd.  April  18,  1862. 

Qothier,  L,  C,  e.  Nov.  3,  1862,  wd.  Yellow  Bayou,  La. 

Condit,  A.  P.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  wd.  at  Fort  Donelson,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  Dec. 
6,  1862. 

Qothier,  Thurlow,  e.  Nov.  i,  1861,  wd.  Ft.  Donelson,  disd.  July  20,  1862,  disab. 

Duncan,  Jas..  e.  Jan.  i,  1862,  captd.  Shiloh,  disd.  Feb.  5,  1863. 

Dott.  Robt.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861. 

Darling,  F.  M.,  e.  Nov.  9,  1861,  disd.  June  17,  1862. 

Dunkle,  Jno.  P.,  e.  Oct.  30,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Fisher,  Frank,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861. 

Gard,  B.  M.,  e.  Oct.  20,  1861,  died  May  15.  1862. 

Groat,  Peter,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  wd.  Corinth  and  Yellow  Bayou,  died  Jefferson 
Barracks,  Mo. 

Gowring,  Benj.  F.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  disd.  April  18,  1862,  disab. 

Goes,  Elias,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  disd.  Feb.  4,  1862. 

Garlick.  Thos.  S.,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Howard,  Martin,  e.  Feb.  2,  1864,  captd.  at  Holly  Springs,  Miss. 

Hecocks,  Daniel;  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Jan.  2,  1863. 

Haymaker,  F.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  died  at  Benton  Barracks,  Mo. 

Hartman,  P.  J.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Harvey.  Edw.  e.  Oct.  12,  1861. 

Harvey,  William,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Jan.  12,  1863. 

Heath,  William,  e.  Jan.  4,  1862,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Nov.  4,  1862. 

Digitized  by 



Hammonds,  James  C,  e.  Oct.  19,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Matthews,  H.  J.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 

McDonald,  William,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Muzzy,  Isaac  M.,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Sept.  25,  1862. 

Mendon,  George  e.  Oct.  5,  1861. 

Moulthrop,  Leroy,  e.  Oct.  5,  1861,  died  July  12,  1862. 

McKinley,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861. 

Neally,  Matthew,  e.  Oct.  21,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Feb.  6,  1862. 

Northrop,  James,  e.  Oct.  25,  1861,  wd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  July  20,  1862,  disab. 

Pierce,  E.  P.,  e.  Oct.  20,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  March  21,  1863. 

Patterson,  David,  e.  Nov.  14,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Preston,  Geo.  N.,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  disd.  June  7,  1862. 

Robinson,  William,  e.  Jan.  4,  1862,  disd.  July  20,  1862. 

Scoles,  R.  B.,  e.  Oct.  19,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Stanton,  C.  H.,  e.  Sept.  24,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Scott,  F.  W.,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  wd.  Shiloh,  disd.  Oct.  i,  1862. 

Shike,  John,  e.  Oct.  12,  1861,  disd.  April  25,  1862,  disab. 

Tibbitts,  A.  W.,  e.  Nov.  9,  1861,  wd.  at  Shiloh. 

Thomas,  Elihu,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  captd,  at  Shiloh. 

Van  Valtenburg,  R.,  e.  Oct.  24,  1861,  wd.  at  Pleasant  Hill,  La. 

Widel,  John  F.,  e.  Oct.  16,  1861,  died  at  Corinth. 

Company  Unknown 
Holden,  John  W. 


Company  B 

Capt.  Orville  Burke,  com.  Nov.  19,  1864. 

Second  Lieut.  Perry  L.  Smith,  com.  Nov.  19,  1864,  disd.  June  27,  1865. 

Second  Lieut.  Jas.  C.  Hammonds,  com.  June  28,  1865. 

Sergt.  John  P.  Dunkin,  e.  Dec.  i,  1863. 

Sergt.  Joshua  Bender,  e.  Dec.  i,  1863. 

Corp.  Thos.  S.  Garlick,  e.  Dec.  i,  1863. 

Musician,  D.  L.  Jones,  e.  Dec.  i,  1863. 

McCalmant,  Elisha,  e  Aug.  i,  1864. 

Seely,  M.  M.,  e.  Dec.  9,  '63,  disd.  July  20,  '65. 

Thomas,  Elihu,  e.  Dec.  i,  1863. 


(Note. — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Louisinlle,  Ky.,  July  25,  1865.) 

Adjt.  Geo.  A.  Jones,  e.  as  sergt.  maj.  prmtd.  adjt.  July  16,  1865. 

Company  H 
Marsh,  Emery,  vet.  Feb.  29,  1864. 
Pike,  Jas.  L.,  vet.  March  5,  1864. 

Digitized  by 



Company  K 

Corp.  William  H.  Johnson,  e.  March  24,  1862,  died  May  3,  1862. 
Corp.  Ira  C.  Dodge,  e.  March  28,  1862,  wd.  at  Shiloh,  disd.  Oct.  31,  1862. 
Applegate,  Richard,  e.  March  27.  1862, 
Barnes,  John,  e.  March  22,  1862. 
Clymer,  Thos.,  e.  March  21,  1862. 
Clothier,  Theo.,  e.  March  2,  1862. 
Cronkwhite,  Buel,  e.  March  7.  1862. 
Eldridge,  Wm.  W.,  e.  March  i,  1862. 

Horton,  Ellis  W.,  e.  March  22,  1862,  disd.  Dec.  2,  1862,  disab. 
Killgore,  Herbert,  e.  March  20,  1862. 
Locke,  A.  L.,  e.  March  31,  1S62. 
Lenningan,  M.,  e.  Feb.  28,  1862. 
Marsh,  Emory,  e.  Feb.  27,  1862. 

McClaine,  John  T.,  e.  March  22,  1862,  died  Sept.  i,  1862. 
Miller,  Alfred  S.,  e.  March  27,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  13,  1862. 
McQuillon,  B.,  e.  March  18,  1862,  disd.  Nov.  29,  1862. 
Pike,  Jas.  L..  e.  March  i,  1862,  captd.  at  Tilton,  Ga. 

Rolston,  Jacob,  e.  March  20,  1862,  wd.  at  Jackson,  Miss.,  kid.  at  Missionary 

Riley.  Clement,  e.  March  8,  1862. 

Starks,  John,  e.  March  20.  1862. 

Tracy,  Timothy,  e.  March  26.  1862,  wd.  at  Jackson,  Miss. 

White,  Samuel,  e.  March  14,  1862. 

White,  Chas.,  e.  March  28,  1862. 


(Note. — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Savannah,  Ga,,  July  if,  1863,) 
Chaplain  George  R.  Carroll,  com.  Feb.  3,  1864,  resd.  Nov.  13,  1864. 

Company  B 

Second  Lieut.  W.  W.  Edgington,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  2,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  lieut. 
March  21.  1864.  wd.  at  Fisher's  Hill. 
Steward,  F.  M.,  e.  Jan.  4,  1864. 

Company  I 

Corp.  Wm.  Bryan,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Company  K 
Capt.  James  D.  Williams,  com.  Sept.  18,  1862,  resd.  Dec.  i,  1863. 
Capt.  Benj.  G.  Paul,  e.  as  private  Aug.  22,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  lieut.  June  11,  1863, 
prmtd.  capt.  Dec.  2,  1863,  kid.  near  Rosedale  Bayou,  La. 

Capt.  Aaron  M.  Loomis.  com.  2d  lieut.  Sept.  18,  1862,  prmtd.  ist  lieut.  June 

11,  1863,  prmtd.  capt.  June  18,  1864,  wd.  at  Cedar  Creek,  Va. 

First  Lieut.  Thos.  Green,  com.  Sept.  18,  '62,  resd.  on  account  ill  health,  June 

12,  '63. 

Digitized  by 



First  Lieut.  Royal  S.  Williams,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  8,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  lieut  June 
15,  1864,  prmtd.  ist  lieut.  June  18, 1864,  wd.  at  Cedar  Creek,  Va. 

Second  Lieut.  James  L.  Hall,  e.  as  private  Aug.  9,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  lieut.  June 
18,  1864,  wd.  at  Cedar  Creek,  Va. 

Second  Lieut.  Jeremiah  Woodyard,  e.  as  corp.  Aug.  15,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  lieut 
Jan.  I,  1865. 

Sergt.  David  Moore,  e.  Aug.  ii,  1862. 

Sergt.  E.  M.  Hamilton,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  died  at  Milliken's  Bend. 

Sergt.  J.  E.  Fisher,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  died  at  Keokuk. 

Sergt.  Chas.  A.  Melner,  e.  July  21,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  10,  1863,  disab. 

Sergt.  Geo.  L.  Foote,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  kid.  at  Opequan  Creek,  Va. 

Sergt.  Famsworth  Cobb,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  wd.  at  Cedar  Creek,  Va.,  disd.  May 
2,  1865,  wds. 

Corp.  Marcus  Johnson,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Corp.  G.  Mc Atkinson,  e.  July  21,  1862,  captd.  at  Sabine  Cross  Roads,  La. 

Corp.  C.  C.  Horton,  e.  July  21,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  20,  1863,  disab. 

Corp.  Chas.  W.  Gould,  e.  Aug.  4,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  22,  1863,  disab. 

Corp.  Chas.  H.  Johnson,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  at  Mansfield,  La. 

Corp.  James  Sloan,  e.  July  28,  1862. 

Corp.  Eli  Sawyer,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Nov.  23,  1863. 

Corp.  Geo.  W.  James,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  wd.  Winchester. 

Corp.  Wm.  W.  Walters,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Musician  Riley  Cawkins,  July  21,  1862,  wd. 

Musician,  J.  G.  Smith,  e.  July  21,  1862. 

Allen,  Anson,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  wd.  at  Helena,  Ark. 

Arnold,  Hiram,  e.  July  30,  1862. 

Archer,  Caleb,  e.  July  24,  1862,  wd.  and  died  at  Champion  Hills. 

Bill,  C.  C,  e.  July  21,  1862. 

Brainard,  James  A.,  e.  July  21,  1862. 

Bryan,  C.  M.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  June  16,  1863,  disab. 

Bamhill,  Samuel,  e.  Feb.  15,  1864. 

Bill,  H.  G.,  e.  July  21,  1862. 

Babcock,  Edgar,  e.  July  26,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  23,  1865,  disab. 

Brock,  James  F.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 

Bronson,  Jas.  W.,  e.  Aug.  21,  1862. 

Brock,  Robert,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Calkins,  Orrin,  e.  Jan.  5,  1864,  died  New  Orleans. 

Countryman,  A.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  died  at  Helena,  Ark. 

Crandall,  Z.  J.,  e.  Feb.  20,  1864,  died  April  17,  1864. 

Craig,  David,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Carpenter,  Chas.  H.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  died  Oct.  31,  1862. 

Cady,  Henry,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  drowned  in  Pearl  River,  near  Jackson,  Miss. 

Crandall,  A.  G.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  disd.  Jan.  30,  1862. 

Crandall,  M.  C,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Crone,  Wm.,  e.  July  24,  1862,  disd.  June  8,  1865,  disab. 

Crandall,  Wm.  M.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Calkins,  K.  J.,  e.  July  30,  1862. 

Digitized  by 



Dockstater,  H.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disd.  March  11,  1863,  disab. 

Donaldson,  T.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1862. 

Dubois,  L.  K.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

EbersoU,  Daniel,  e.  Jan.  4,  1864. 

Ellis,  Jacob,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862,  died  at  Helena,  Ark. 

Ellis,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  Jan.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Fairchilds,  E.  G.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1861,  died  at  St.  Louis, 

Fuller,  Carlos,  e.  Aug.  9,  1861. 

Garrett,  Robert,  e.  Feb.  9,  1864,  wd.  Winchester,  Va.  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Gee,  Leonard,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Gould,  Jas.  A.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864,  wd.  at  Cedar  Creek,  disd.  Jan.  11,  1865,  wds. 

Gee,  Isaac,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disd.  Jan.  31,  1863,  disab. 

Gifford,  C.  M.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  at  Helena,  Ark. 

Gilbert,  Geo.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Hayden,  Myron,  e.  Feb.  9,  1864. 

Hamilton,  A.  A.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Herron,  Davis,  e.  July  31,  1862. 

Hanna,  Jos.  A.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  aq)td.  at  Sabine  Cross  Roads,  La. 

Ingraham,  C,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  wd.,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Johnson,  Jeremiah,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  died  at  Helena. 

Johnson,  Jas.  R.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Jewett,  Abel,  Aug.  18,  1862,  died  Dec.  13,  1862. 

Kenney,  Aaron,  e.  July  31,  1862,  died  at  New  Orleans. 

Kimball,  John  M.,  e.  Aug.  i,  1862,  disd,  Feb.  12,  1863,  disab. 

Lain,  Thomas,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 

Lain,  Wm.  J.,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862,  died  New  Orleans. 

Moore,  C.  D.,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862,  died  at  Helena,  Ark. 

Moore,  Jesse,  e.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Murry,  Martin,  e.  July  19,  1862. 

Mudge,  L.  C,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Mudge,  Aldin,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  April  13,  1863,  disab. 

Mackrill,  S.  R.,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862. 

McCahnant,  Samuel,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  at  Opelousas,  La. 

Milner,  H.  J.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  20,  1863,  disab. 

Moore,  H.,  e.  Aug.  6,  1862,  captd.  at  Cedar  Creek. 

Moore,  S.,  Jr.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

McDaniel,  D.  A.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  wd.  at  Winchester,  disd.  Feb.  24,  1865. 

McCormick,  James,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Nichols,  L.  H.,  e.  Jan.  4,  1864. 

Osbom,  Geo.  E.,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862. 

Parks,  Jacob  F.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  disd.  July  9,  1863,  disab. 

Paul,  B.  G.  c.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Paul,  H.  F.,  e.  Feb.  24,  1864,  captd.  Cedar  Creek. 

Pulsipher,  Newel,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  died  at  Muscatine. 

Digitized  by 



Prouty,  E.  A.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1862,  died  at  Vicksburg. 

Powers,  Samuel,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  wd.  at  Champion  Hills,  died  at  Memphis. 

Ruby,  Joseph,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  captd.  at  Cedar  Credc. 

Reynolds,  Frank,  e.  Aug.  21,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  23,  1863,  disab. 

Sones,  Geo.  W.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  disd.  Dec.  5,  1864,  disab. 

Sloan,  J.  W.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  20,  1863,  disab. 

Spencer,  James,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  disd.  Jan.  14,  1863,  disab. 

Sennett,  Thomas,  e.  July  28,  1862. 

Sinkey,  F,,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Tebo,  D.  G.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  captd.  at  Sabine  Cross  Roads,  La. 

Van  Valtenburg,  W.  H.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864. 

Vasser,  E.  H.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864. 

Vasser,  W.  W.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864,  died  at  Wyoming. 

Williams,  Charles  P.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  died  at  Carrion  Crow  Bayou. 

Woodruff,  Adam,  e.  July  30,  1864. 

White,  William,  e.  July  21,  1864,  captd.  at  Cedar  Creek. 

Wilkinson,  Robert,  e.  Dec.  21,  1863. 

Williams,  Jos.  T.,  e.  Feb.  22,  1864. 


(Note. — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Louisville,  June  2J,  1865.) 

Maj.  Ezekid  Cutler,  com.  Sept.  16,  1862,  resd.  March  20,  1863. 

Maj.  Sewell  S.  Farwell,  com.  Oct.  13,  1862,  prmtd.  maj.  May  27,  1865, 

Surg.  Horace  H.  Gates,  e.  as  hospt.  steward,  prmtd.  asst.  surg.  March  i,  1864, 
prmtd.  surg.  June  10,  1865. 

Asst  Surg.  Lucius  H.  French,  com.  Sept.  16,  1862,  resd.  June  8,  1864. 

Asst.  Surg.  Elisha  F.  Taylor,  com.  June  30,  1863,  resd.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Adjt.  Moore  Briggs,  e.  as  com.  sergt.,  prmtd.  adjt.  April  13,  1864,  m.  o.  May 
I5»  1865. 

Chaplain  Dan'l  S.  Starr,  com.  Sept.  26,  1862,  resd.  March  4,  1863. 

Company  A 

Edgington,  J.  M.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  Dec.  19,  1862. 
Herron,  Franklin,  e.  Dec.  9,  1863. 

Company  E 

Capt.  Edwin  B.  Alderman,  com.  Oct.  13,  1862,  resd.  Feb.  13,  1863. 

Capt.  Geo.  D.  Hilton,  com.  2d  lieut.  Oct.  13,  1862,  prmtd.  capt.  March  17, 

First  Lieut.  Edmund  T.  Mellett,  com.  Oct.  13,  1862,  resd.  March  17,  1863. 

First  Lieut.  Richard  McDaniel,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  14,  1862,  prmtd.  ist  lieut. 
March  17,  1863. 

Digitized  by 



Second  Lieut.  Daniel  H.  Monroe,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  14,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  licuL 
March  17,  1863,  died  Corinth,  Miss. 

Sergt.  Wm.  M.  Starr,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Sergt.  Jas.  H.  Cooksey,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  Aug.  19,  1863,  disab. 

Sergt.  Geo.  R.  Seaman,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Aug.  10,  1863. 

Sergt.  D.  W.  Cleveland,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  died  Young's  Point,  La. 

Sergt.  J.  H.  Barker,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  Oct.  5,  1864,  disab. 

Sergt.  S.  P.  Porter,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Corp.  O.  P.  Olinger,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Corp.  Jno.  R.  Campbell,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Corp.  M.  F.  Sipe,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Dec.  24,  1862. 

Corp.  T.  M.  Belknap,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Corp.  M.  M.  Wilde,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Corp.  Thos.  Buckner,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Corp.  R.  Spear,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  Dec.  24,  1862. 

Musician  A.  H.  House,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  23, . 

Musician  J.  W.  Benedom,  e.  Aug.  12,  '62. 

Wagoner,  Jas.  W.  Durlin,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Amy,  O.  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Andrews,  Ruel,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  March  4,  1863. 

Baker,  P.  M.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Barnard,  Jno.  H.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  June  19,  1863,  disab. 

Brown,  Wm.  M.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Brown,  S.,  e.  Aug.  14,  '62,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Campbell,  Jno.  R.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Chadwick,  David,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Cook,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  May  20,  1864. 

Cook,  Amster,  e.  Aug.  16,  1862,  wd.  June  27,  1864,  and  at  Kenesaw  Moun- 
tain, disd.  Jan.  26,  1865. 

Converse,  Jesse,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Curtis,  Wm.  J.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  Dec.  14,  1862. 

Courttright,  J.  E.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Crow,  John  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Dickerson,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Dunning,  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Dial,  Martin  L.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Famham,  Wm.  G.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Frink,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  wd.  and  died  at  Vicksburg. 

Graham,  J.  G.,  e.  Oct.  24,  1862. 

Gates,  Horace  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Hilton,  A.  M.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1862,  disd.  July  12,  1863,  disab. 

Harrison,  Abram,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Jan.  15,  1863. 

Harvey,  I.  E.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Healey,  Robt.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

High,  Daniel  A.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La, 

House,  J.  G..  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

JosHn,  Harrison,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  at  Vicksburg. 

Digitized  by 



Joslin,  Daniel,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Krahl,  John,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Kerr,  Wm.  F.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv,  Corps. 

Kerr,  Porter,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Lamb,  Cyrus,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Littlefield,  Clark,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Luce,  Samuel,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Lyons,  C.  H.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Lyons,  John  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Masker,  Wm.  S.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  wd.  at  Vicksburg,  disd.  Aug.  9,  1863. 

Mattocks,  J.  H.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  June  21,  1865,  disab. 

Mead,  Geo.  W.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Merritt,  Cornelius,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Monroe,  Harvey  H.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Nash,  Wm.  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Helena,  Ark. 

Neilly,  Thomas,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Nikirk,  Geo.  W.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Northrop,  H.,  e.  Oct.  24,  1862. 

O'Donnell,  John,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

dinger,  Jas.  L.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Orr,  Mark,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  disd.  Oct.  8,  1864,  disab. 

Overacker,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  March  3,  1863,  disab. 

Page,  O.  F.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Parsons,  Chas.  A.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Phelphs,  Wm.  O.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Putnam,  A.  C,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  April  10,  1863,  disab. 

Rumple,  Elias  M.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Rundall,  J.  G.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La, 

Ryder,  J.  A.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  at  Resaca,  died  May  6,  1864. 

Sage,  Nestor,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Sams,  Stephen,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Slade,  F.  H.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Stingly,  Jas.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  disd.  1863,  disab. 

Snider,  A.  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Stuttsman,  John,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Tallman,  Jas.  H.,  e.  Aug.  16,  1862. 

Thoma,  O.  E.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Thomas,  Edmund,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Thomas,  Bennett,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  March  12,  1863. 

Thomley,  Hiram,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Tice,  Lewis,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  i,  1863,  disab. 

Tice,  John,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  April  18,  1863,  disd. 

Titus,  Jas.  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Wagoner,  David,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  at  Walnut  Hills,  Miss. 

Walton,  P.  T.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Warren,  E.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  Young's  Point,  La, 

Webb,  A.  J.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  on  steamer  Von  Phul, 

Digitized  by 



Wentworth,  S.,  e.  Aug.  ii,  1862,  died  at  Helena,  Ark. 
Waterhouse,  M.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Company  G 

Capt.  Jeremiah  C.  Austin,  com.  Oct.  13,  1862,  resd.  Jan.  30,  1863. 
Capt.  Jos.  H.  Evans,  e.  as  private,  ccmi.  capt.  March  31,  1863. 
First  Lieut.  Edward  H.  Handy,  com.  Oct.  13,  1862,  resd.  Aug.  13,  1863. 
Second  Lieut.  Simon  N.  Landon,  e.  as  sergt.  Aug.  8,  1862,  prmtd.  2d  liettt 
Oct.  13,  1862. 

Sergt.  Orson  B.  Lowell,  e.  Aug.  6,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Sergt.  Lorenzo  D.  Bates,  e.  Aug.  6,  1862,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Sergt.  Jas.  Miller,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Corp.  Jas.  P.  Scoles,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Corp.  Valentine  Dalbey,  e.  Aug.  13,  1863,  died  at  Vicksburg. 

Corp.  Henry  Simpson,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  died  Jan.  5,  1863. 

Corp.  Moses  M.  McCree,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Musician  J.  D.  Herrick,  e.  Aug.  6,  1862. 

Wagoner,  John  Brigham,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Bryan,  Jas.  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  died  at  Camp  Sherman,  Miss. 

Cronkhite,  Wm.  e.  Aug.  17,  1862. 

Conner,  Benj.  F.,  e.  Dec.  9,  1863,  died  at  Keokuk. 

Clymer,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Carpenter,  Henry,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862,  disd.  March  24,  1864,  disab. 

Clothier,  Theo.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Cole,  Simeon  W.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 

Cowles,  John  S.,  e.  Aug.  23,  1862. 

Dewey,  E.  A.,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Deirlein,  John,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Emerson,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Gilmore,  Jas.  P.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  trans,  to  V.  R.  C. 

Gilmore,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Gleck,  Nathan,  e.  Feb.  12,  1864. 

Graham,  John  W.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Gales,  Z.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  2,  1864,  disab. 

Huston,  John  R.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  died  Jan.  28,  1863. 

Hitchcock,  John,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Haney,  John  F.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Hammon,  S.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Hitchcock,  Jas.,  e.  Feb.  2,  1864. 

Ireland,  Benj.  F.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Ireland,  Silas,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Johnson,  J.  L.,  e.  Aug.  6,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Klise,  D.  E.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 

Long,  Hiram,  R.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  disd.  April  3,  1863,  disab. 

McMullen,  John  D.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

McMuUen,  Bethuel,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Murry,  M.  J.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 

Digitized  by 



Miller,  Elmer,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Marshall,  Thcmias,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 

Manning,  L.  H.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  disd.  Aug.  21,  1863,  disab. 

Ogg,  William,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862,  disd.  June  6,  1863,  disab. 

Ogg,  Charles,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862. 

Overbaugh,  Joseph,  e.  Sept.  9,  1862. 

Pierce,  E.  E.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Reed,  Samuel,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862. 

Richstine,  D.  M.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  on  steamer  City  of  Memphis. 

Rogers,  Chas.  E.,  e.  Aug.  18,  1862. 

Smith,  Burt  A.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1862. 

Shibley,  Oliver,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Starry,  Daniel,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Voorhies,  Miles,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Vrooman,  Wm.  D.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862. 

Wildey,  Geo.  E.  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Walker,  William,  e.  Aug.  8,  1862,  wd.  May  18,  1863, 

Young,  E.  A.,  e.  Aug.  7,  1862,  died  Jan.  22,  1863. 

Company  H 

Capt.  Abijah  E.  White,  e.  as  corp.  Aug.  2,  1862,  prmtd.  capt.  June  10,  1865. 

First  Lieut.  Franklin  Amos,  com.,  Oct.  13,  1862,  wd.  at  Atlanta,  resd.  Feb. 
2,  1865. 

Second  Lieut.  James  G.  Dawson,  com.  Oct.  13,  1862,  wd.  at  Vicksburg,  resd, 
Jan.  II,  1864. 

Sergt.  F.  H.  Blodgett,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  at  Memphis,  March  26,  1863. 

Sergt.  D.  W.  Perrine,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Feb.  28,  1863. 

Sergt.  Samuel  Williamson,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  on  steamer  Forest  Queen. 

Sergt.  Geo.  A.  Jones,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  disd.  July  22,  1864,  disab. 

Sergt.  J.  C.  Qark,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  captd.  at  luka.  Miss. 

Sergt.  Wm.  S.  Johnson,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Camp  Sherman,  Miss. 

Sergt.  Wm.  W.  Sutherland,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  March  24,  1863,  disab. 

Sergt.  John  W.  Cook,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  at  Roswell  and  Atlanta,  Ga.,  died 
at  Marietta. 

Corp.  Moore  Briggs,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  prmtd.  adj.  May,  1864. 

Corp.  Edgar  G.  Himes,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Corp.  B.  F.  Gowing,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Corp.  R.  M.  Marvin,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862. 

Corp.  Wm.  S.  Campbell,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  Jan.  9.  1863. 

Corp.  Newton  Bentley,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  at  Lockout  Mountain,  died  at 

Corp.  Benjamin  Batchelder,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Musician  Charles  H.  Whitney,  e,  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Musician  Samuel  J.  Glenn,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Wagoner  S.  R.  McDaniel,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Ackerman,  O.  B.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  June  9,  1863,  disab. 

Albertson,  Charles,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  wd.  at  Aricansas  Post. 

Digitized  by 



Aldrich,  Lemuel,  e.  Feb.  19,  1864. 
Albertson,  John,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 
Beckos,  Wallace,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  wd.  at  Arkansas  Post,  died  at  Memphis. 
Barahill,  Wm.  T.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Jime  2,  1863. 
Burnight,  L.  H.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  disd.  May  22,  1863,  disab. 
Butterfield,  Isaac,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 
Buttolph,  E.  F.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 
Black,  Wm.  J.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 
Breen,  John,  e.  Aug.  7,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 
Canfield,  Johnson,  e.  Feb.  23,  1864,  died  at  Chattanooga. 
Corbett,  Miles  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  on  steamer  City  of  Men:q)his. 
Covert,  E.  D.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 
Covert,  S.  J.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps.   • 
Carter,  Chas.  H.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862. 
Cook,  G.  N.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 
Cook,  I.  J.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 
Cook,  Rufus  G.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 
Cross,  J.  11.  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Cunningham,  P.,  e.  July  24,  1862,  died  at  Jackson,  Miss. 
Darling,  A.  C,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862. 

Dawson,  William,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  March  8,  1864,  disab. 
Dickerson,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.   14,   1862,  wd.  at  Arkansas    Post    and  Lookout 

Dickerson,  Wm.,  e.  Sept.  5,  1864. 

Dreibelbis,  Jacob,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Ennis,  Jas.  D.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Foster,  Geo.  C,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Fitch,  J.  C,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Gerrett,  John  B.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  trans,  to  Marine  Brigade. 

Gardner,  Wm.  P.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  at  Arkansas  Post,  disd.  June  9,  1863. 

Goodin,  Wallace,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862,  died  Jan.  23,  1863. 

Haun,  Robt.  C,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Himes,  F.  E.,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862. 

Harlow,  G.  T.,  e.  Aug.  7,  1862. 

Hawley,  C.  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Himebaugh,  P.  H,,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Feb.  12,  1864. 

Hunter,  Cyprian,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Ingram,  John,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Jones,  Luman,  e.  Feb.  17,  1864,  wd.  at  Kenesaw  Mountain. 

Johnson,  H.  M.,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  at  Scotch  Grove. 

Karst,  Geo.,  e.  Feb.  17,  1864. 

Kilgore,  H.  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  May  22,  1863. 

Kenney,  M.  M.,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862. 

Kohout,  Jos.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Lewis,  Alex.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Lawrence,  F.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Lawrence,  I.  S.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Nov.  11,  1863. 

Digitized  by 



Lamb,  Harvey,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  wd.  at  Dallas,  Ga.,  died  at  Ackworth,  Ga. 

Lightfoot,  Jas.  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

Merriman,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  at  Vicksburg. 

Morse,  F.  M.,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862,  kid.  Resaca. 

Marvin,  Wm.  R.,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Miller,  David,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

McBride,  Sam'l  N.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  at  Memphis. 

!Moorehouse,  O.  J.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  wd.  Lookout  Mountain,  died  Chattanooga. 

McFry,  Andrew  J.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Nelson,  S.  J.,  e.  August  9,  1862,  died  Memphis. 

Nelson,  Sam'l,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Nelson,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  9,  1862,  disd.  March  30,  1863. 

Nelson,  Robt.  D.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  St.  Louis. 

Nelson,  Mervin,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  on  steamer  City  of  Memphis. 

Nelson,  M.  J.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  Memphis. 

Parker,  Jas.  F.,  e.  Sept.  5,  1864. 

Redman,  Jno.,  e.  Aug.  5,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Rearick,  Jno.  P.,  e.  Aug.  6,  1862,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Rankin,  M.  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Aug.  31,  1863. 

Rynerson,  F.  M.,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  died  Memphis. 

Richardson.  Sam'l,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  Jan.  17,  1863. 

Rice,  R.  W.,  e.  Feb.  18,  1864. 

Sweesy,  Matthias,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Sutherland,  D.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Sutherland,  Jno.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Stofer,  Abner,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  July  9,  1864. 

Shields,  Geo.  O.,  e.  Feb.  26,  1864,  wd.  at  Resaca. 

Spence,  J.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862,  died  Memphis. 

Smith,  Jacob,  e.  Aug.  11,  1862,  died  at  Young's  Point,  La. 

Wolf,  M.  H.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Welsh,  Oliver,  e.  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Watson,  M.  A.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  7,  1863,  disab. 

Whittemore,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disd.  April  22,  1863. 

Whittemore,  A.  B.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862. 

Whittemore,  W.  L.,  enlisted  September  5,  1864. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Davenport,  date  not  given  in 
Adjutant  General's  Report,) 

Company  A 

Corp.  David  Bumgardner,  e.  Nov.  11,  1862,  disd.  March  21,  1865,  disab. 
Cylmer,  Chas.,  e.  Nov.  11,  1862,  died  St.  Louis. 

Company  F 

Barnes,  Aaron,  e.  Dec.  29,  1862,  prmtd.  musician. 

Digitized  by 



Krokooke,  Jos.,  e.  Dec.  26,  1862,  disd.  Sept.  12,  1864,  disab. 
Rice,  R.  B.,  e.  Dec.  19,  1862,  died  Feb.  4,  1864. 

Company  I 

Second  Lieut.  Thomas  E.  Belknap,  com.  Dec.  15,  1862. 

Sergt.  Noah  Bigley,  enlisted  September  5,  1862. 

Cook,  John  W.  H.,  e.  Sept.  20,  1862,  disd.  May  7,  1863,  disab. 

Dodge,  Mark,  e.  Oct.  9,  1862. 

Gilford,  Jos.,  e.  Sept.  15,  1862. 

Hodges,  Vincent,  e.  Oct.  i,  1862,  disd.  May  20,  1864,  disab. 

Lake,  Benj.,  e.  Oct.  23,  1862. 

Pate,  Henry,  e.  Sept.  22,  1862,  disd.  May  8,  1863,  disab. 

Shafer,  S.  M.,  e.  Sept.  8,  1862,  disd.  April  8,  1863,  disab. 

Shafer,  John,  e.  Oct.  8,  1862. 

Secrest,  Robert  M.,  e.  Sept.  11,  1862,  disd.  April  25,  1863,  disab. 

Truax,  John,  e.  Sept.  11,  1862. 

Taylor,  W.  H.,  e.  Nov.  i,  1862. 

Warren,  Levi,  e.  Oct.  8,  1862,  disd.  Dec.  11,  1863,  disab. 

Zigler,  Jacob,  e.  Sept.  23,  1862,  disd.  Nov.  9,  1864,  disab. 

Company  Unknown, 
Chatwin,  E.,  e.  Dec.  16,  1862. 


(Note — This  Company  was  transferred  to  Seventh  Cavalry,  April  25,  1863.) 

Company  C 

Capt.  Geo.  H.  Wolfe,  com.  Oct.  13,  1861. 

Second  Lieut.  Anthony  Courtright,  com.  Oct.  13,  1861. 

Sergt.  S.  G.  Cunningham,  e.  September  28,  1861. 

Corp.  Samuel  S.  Wherry,  e.  September  27,  1861. 

Corp.  John  B.  Green,  e.  September  26,  1861. 

Brady,  Joseph,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 

Clark,  Jas.,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 

Carter,  Wm.,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 

Ferguson,  Luther,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 

Forbes,  Patrick,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 

Graham,  W.,  e.  Oct.  7,  1861. 

Green,  John  B.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 

Hohncs,  Samuel  B.,  e.  Oct.  28,  1861,  died  at  Fort  Randall,  D.  T. 

Klisc,  John  W.,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 

Langon,  Wm.  P.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 

Ratean,  James,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 

Reamer,  Ralph,  e.  Oct.  i,  1861. 

Robinson,  D.,  e.  Oct.  i,  1861. 

SeQen,  Joseph  F.,  e.  Oct.  2,   1861. 

Digitized  by 



Digitized  by 


Digitized  by 



Smith,  H.  W.,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861. 
Swan,  Avery,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 
Thurston,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 
Wherry,  M.  M.,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861. 
Wherry,  Samuel  S.,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861. 
Welch,  W.  C,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 
Yale,  Geo.  W.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Davenport,  Iowa,  Sept.  15,  1864.) 

Company  A 
Morey,  Edwin  S.,  e.  May  3,  1864. 
Metcalf,  M.  H.,  e.  May  6,  1864. 
Scroggs,  John  A.,  e.  May  6,  1864. 
Spaulding,  J.  L.,  e.  May  6,  1864. 
Thomas,  Jas.  R.,  e.  May  14,  1864. 

Company  C 
Capt.  Jas.  W.  McKean,  com.  June  i,  1864,  died  at  Memphis. 
Sergt.  Samuel  E.  Hutton,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
Sergt.  F.  W.  Houser,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
Corp.  David  Inches,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
Barnes,  H.  J.,  e.  May  7,  1864. 

Brady,  Freeman,  e.  April  30,  1864,  died  at  Memphis. 
Calkins,  F.  M.,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
Dewey,  Chas.,  e.  March  18,  1864. 
Foster,  R.  C,  e.  March  9,  1864. 
Foust,  Benj.,  e.  April  37,  1864. 
Glenn,  R.  R.,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
Himebaugh,  H.  H.,  e.  May  14,  1864. 
Horton,  Erastus  B.,  e.  May  9,  1864. 
Lovejoy,  Owen  D.,  e.  May  6,  1864. 
McVay,  Levi,  e.  May  9,  1864. 
Murphy,  Chas.  H.,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
McKean,  C.  B.,  e.  April  30,  1864. 
Monroe,  C.  A.,  e.  May  i,  1864. 
Sutherland,  D.  W.,  e.  May  3,  1864. 

Company  F 
Bcranek,  John,  e.  May  21,  1861. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Austin,  Tex,,  Feb.  15,  1866,) 

Company  B 
Bugler  Edmund  T.  Hopkins,  e.  July  18,  1861. 

Digitized  by 



Crane,  O.  B.,  e.  Jan.  5,  1864. 
Penniman,  C.  G.,  e.  July  18,  1861. 
Stanley.  E.  G.,  e.  July  18,  1861. 
Smith,  Howard  E.,  e.  July  18,  1861. 

Company  G 

Corp.  Lawrence  Schoonover,  e.  July  13,  1861. 

Armitage,  John. 

Casseleman,  Levi,  vet.  Dec.  9,  1863. 

Gant,  Matthew. 

Johnson,  W.  D.,  vet.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Larkey,  Alex.,  died  Feb.  19,  1862. 

Company  K 

Phelan,  Jas.,  e.  Aug.  17,  1861. 

Atwood,  Chas.  P.,  e.  May  15,  1861,  vet.  Dec.  20,  1863. 

Alspaugh,  D.  A.,  e.  May  15,  1861. 

Fairchilds,  A.  H.,  e.  May  15,  1861,  vet.  Dec.  20,  1863. 

Fitzsimmons,  John,  e.  July  18,  1861. 

Jamieson,  Samuel,  e.  Aug.  17,  1861,  vet.  Dec.  20,  1863. 

Kidder,  John  G.,  e.  Aug.  17,  1861. 

Company  L 

Q.  M.  S.  James  V'  Brown,  e.  Aug.  25,  1861. 

Sergt.  H.  A.  O'Bladen. 

Farrier  Reuben  Barnes,  disd.  Nov.  15,  1861. 

Farrier  Wm.  J.  Bowman,  disd.  Nov.  15,  1861. 

Saddler  Herman  Bray,  disd.  Feb.  7,  1862. 

Barnard,  Wm.,  disd.  Dec.  i,  1861. 

Maurice,  Z.,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Brown,  Milton,  disd.  Dec.  11,  1861. 

Maurice,  Nicholas,  e.  June  13,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Brown,  Jas.  V.,  e.  Aug.  25,  1861. 

Chase,  Chas.  A.,  e.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Lawyer,  Stephen,  died  at  Little  Rock,  Ark. 

Watson,  A.  E.,  e.  Dec.  7,  1863. 

Smith,  Wm.,  vet.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Rogers,  George,  vet.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Rice,  James  E.,  vet.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Company  Unknown 

Ackerman,  O.  B.,  e.  Jan.  23,  1864. 
Bates,  Chas.,  e.  Jan.  23,  1864. 
Barto,  C.  M.,  e.  Feb.  15,  1864. 
Dawson,  John  W.,  e.  Jan.  25,  1864. 
Fay,  H.  A.,  e.  Jan.  5,  1864- 
Mullford,  James  T.,  e.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

Digitized  by 



McCarty,  Chas.,  e.  Jan.  23,  1864. 
Phelan,  Jas.  H.,  e.  March  8,  1864. 
Phatigan,  Thomas,  e.  June  23,  1864. 
Slade,  Vandelier,  e.  Feb.  17,  1864. 
Thompson,  A.  J.,  e.  Feb.  17,  1864. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Selma,  Ala.,  Sept.  19,  1865.) 

Company  B 

Corp.  A.  S.  Cooper,  e.  July  30,  1861,  disd.  Feb.  7,  1862. 
Barnett,  Alfred,  e.  Dec.  14,  1863. 
Potter,  John  J.,  e.  Oct.  31,  1862,  vet.  March  i,  1864. 
Potter,  I.  W.,  e.  Dec.  15,  1863. 

Company  I 

Corp.  Chas.  C.  Crocker,  e.  Aug.  4,  1861,  wd.  near  Hurricane  Creek,  Miss. 

Corp.  Eli  Mead,  e.  Aug.  4,  1861,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corp. 

Corp.  Isaac  Ford,  e.  Aug.  14,  1861. 

Davis,  George  W.,  e.  Aug.  4,  1861. 

Davis,  James,  e.  Oct.  6, 1861. 

Krokoskia,  N.,  e.  Aug.  4,  1861. 

Kellum,  Warren,  e.  Aug.  4,  1861,  died  at  Benton  Barracks. 

Lamb,  Henry,  e.  Aug.  4,  1861,  disd.  Sept.  3,  1862,  disab. 

Myrick,  Rufus  B.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1861,  vet.  March  i,  1864. 

Potter,  Daniel,  e.  Aug.  14,  1861,  vet.  March  i,  1864. 

Yotmt,  John  W.,  e.  May  17,  1864. 

Company  L 

Corp.  Isaac  N.  Cooper,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861. 

Saddler,  Edw.  Cooper,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861. 

Edwards,  Jacob,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861,  vet.  March  i,  1864. 

Edwards,  Jas.,  e.  Aug.  15,  1862,  vet.  March  i,  1864. 

Felby,  Edw.,  vet.  March  i,  1864,  kid.  near  Lynnville,  Tenn. 

Taylor,  John,  e.  Sept.  12,  1861. 

Company  M 

Dawson,  John,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  disd.  Oct.  13,  1863,  disab. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Sioux  City,  Nov.  17,  1865.) 

Company  A 

Hamilton,  Qark,  e.  Oct.  13,  1862. 
Hunter,  Hiram,  e.  Oct.  24,  1862. 

Digitized  by 



Parsons,  Jno.,  e.  Dec.  30,  1862. 
Scriven,  Jas.  W.,  e.  Oct.  4,  1862. 
Wentworth,  Lorenzo,  e.  Dec.  30,  1862. 

Company  B 

Bugh,  John,  e.  Jan.  i,  1863,  disd.  Feb.  24,  1865. 
Herron,  Jonathan,  e.  Oct.  13,  1863. 

Company  H. 
Morgan,  Jos.,  e.  Nov.  5,  1862. 

Company  I, 
Q.  M.  S.  Jos.  O.  Reynolds,  e.  Nov.  19,  1862,  disd.  Oct.  6,  1864. 

Company  K. 

Com.  Sergt.  Peter  Reeger,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Sergt.  M.  W.  Jeffries,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Sergt.  Alvin  R.  Byerly,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Sergt.  Darius  S.  Hinman,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Corp.  Wm.  Alspaugh,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Brookhouse,  A.  H.,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862,  disd.  Oct.  23,  1863,  disab. 

Beeks,  Wm.  J.,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Coe,  Jno.  D.,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Chapper,  Jno.,  e.  Oct.  23,  1862. 

Luce,  Israel,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Myers,  Sam'l,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Mann,  Jno.,  e.  Oct.  22,  1862,  kid.  White  Stone  Hill,  D.  T. 

Mershon,  Lewis,  C,  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Shoop,  Calvin,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Shults,  Jno.  H.,  e.  Sept.  12,  1862. 

Sampson,  Daniel,  e.  Oct.  21,  1862. 

Company  Unknown, 

Edwards,  Jno.,  e.  Oct.   i,  1864. 
Tubbs,  Wm.,  e.  Oct.   i,  1864. 


Note — This  portion  of  the  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Sioux  City,  June 
22,  1866.) 

Company  K. 

Shover,  Jno.,  e.  Sept.  30,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Company  M. 

Capt.  Geo.  H.  Wolfe,  com.  Oct.  25,  1861,  m.  o.  Oct.  31,  1864,  term  exp. 
Capt.  Anthony  Courtright,  com.  2d  lieut.  Oct.  25,  1861,  prmtd.  capt.  Nov. 
25,  1864. 

Digitized  by 



First  Lieut.  L.  G.  Cunningham,  e.  as  coms'y  sergt.  Sept.  28,  1861,  prmtd.  ist 
lieut.  Nov.  25,  1864. 

Sergt.  Samuel  S.  Wherry,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Corp.  John  B.  Greer,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Corp.  David  Robinson,  e.  Oct.  i,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Farrier  Wm.  F.  Angstead,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861. 

Brady,  Wm.,  e.  May  4,  1861. 

Carter,  Wm.,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Clarks,  Jas.,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864,  disd.  Feb.  i,  1866,  disab. 

Ferguson,  Luther,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Ferguson,  Chas.,  e.  May  6,  1864. 

Graham,  Watson,  e.  Oct.  24,  1861. 

Klise,  J.  W.,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Langan,  Wm.  P.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864,  disd  Feb.  7,  1866^ 

Ratican,  James,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Reamer,  Ralph,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Seller,  Joseph  F.,  e.  Oct.  2,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Smith,  H.  W.,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Swan,  Avery,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Turkle,  Geo.,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861. 

Thurston,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861. 

Wherry,  M.  M.,  e.  Sept.  27,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 

Welch,  W.  C,  e.  Sept.  26,  1861,  vet.  March  31,  1864. 

Weeks,  E.  D.,  e.  May  6,  1863. 

Yule,  Geo.  W..  c.  Sept.  26,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Macon,  Ga.,  Aug.  13,  1865.) 

Company  G, 

Wagoner  Isaac  Ackarman,  e.  Aug.  i,  1863. 

Atkins,  Robt.,  e.  Aug.  7,  1863,  disd.  Dec.  18,  1863,  disab. 

Coffee,  Thos.,  e.  Aug.  8,  1863. 

Goudy,  John  S.,  e.  Aug.  i,  1863. 

Leaper,  John  A.,  e.  Aug.  i,  1863. 

Leaper,  John,  e.  Aug.  8,   1863. 

McMillan,  Jas.  S.,  e.  Aug.  i,  1863. 

Company  L. 

Corp.  Wm.  Fuller,  e.  Aug.  5,  1863,  captd.  at  Newnan,  Ga. 

BodenhiflFer,  George  W.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1863,  captd.  at  Newnan,  Ga. 

Bentley,  William,  e.  Aug.  15,  1863. 

Fuller,  Samuel  H.,  e.  Aug.  7,  1863. 

Hawley,  F.  D.,  e.  Aug.  12,  1863,  wd.  at  Campbellville,  Tenn. 

Kinney,  Thos.  J.,  e.  Aug.  26,  1863. 

Digitized  by 



McQueen,  Adam,  e.  Aug.  5,  1863,  died  at  Evansville,  Ind. 
Miller,  Alonzo,  e.  Aug.  i,  1863,  died  at  Keokuk. 
Wade,  Wm.,  e.  July  31,  1863,  died  at  Chattanooga. 

Company  Unknown. 

Munson,  John,  e.  Nov.  23,  1864. 
Smith,  Henry,  e.  Nov.  23,  1864. 
Wedley,  John  F.,  e.  Nov.  23,  1864. 


(Note — This  regiment  was  mustered  out  at  Little  Rock,  Feb.  3,   1866.) 

Company  K. 

Capt.  Jeremiah  Lockwood,  com.  Nov.  30,  1863,  resd.  April  30,  1864. 

Trumpeter  John  G.  Krouse,  e.  Sept.  22,  1863. 

Wagoner  Silas  Kenney,  e.  Oct.  i,  1863. 

Crook,  Wm.  C.  H.,  e.  Sept.  10,  1863,  died  at  St.  Louis. 

Mann,  Benj.  F.,  e.  Oct.  i,  1863. 

Sennot,  Chas.  P.,  e.  Sept.  29,  1863. 

Company  Unknown. 

Warden,  Geo.,  e.  Oct.  19,  1864. 



Soper,  E.  B.,  e.  April  24,  1861,  m.  o.  Aug.  25,  1861. 
Secrest,  James  M.,  e.  April  24,  1861,  m.  o.  Aug.  25,  1861. 


.  Corp.  Charles  A.  Wilber,  e.  May  18,  1861,  m.  o.  June  18,  1864. 
Critchfield,  Elliott,  e.  May  18,  1861,  m.  o.  June  18,  1864. 
Downer,  Wm.,  e.  May  18,  1861,  m.  o.  June  18,  1864. 
Downer,  Horace,  e.  Nov.  i,  1861,  wd.  and  disd.  Nov.  28,  1862. 
Doty,  Jas.,  e.  May  18,  1861,  m.  o.  June  18,  1864. 
Emart,  Jacob,  e.  May  18,  1861,  died  Nov.  15,  1861. 
Maury,  Jacob  C,  e.  May  18,  1861,  m.  o.  June  18,  1864. 
Platts,  Asa,  e.  May  18,  1861,  wd.  Shiloh,  m.  o.  June  18,  1864. 
Spence,  James  e.  May  18,  1861,  disd.  Feb.  3,  1862. 


Thurston,  M.  E.  e.  June  24,  1861,  wd.  at  luka. 
Cocket,  E.  W.,  e.  June  24,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  3,  1862. 

Digitized  by 



Corp.  Geo.  W.  Foote,  e.  July  i,  1861,  m.  o.  August,  1864. 
Corp.  Jos.  L.  Carlin,  e.  July  i,  186 1,  m.  o.  August,  1864. 
Conklin,  Wm.  E.,  e.  July  i,  1861,  m.  o.  August,  1864. 
Stitsman,  Rinehart,  e  July  i,  1861,  m.  o.  August,  1864. 


Asst.  Surgeon,  Norman  M.  Smith,  com.  Oct.  22,  1862. 


Kelley,  A.  W.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Primley,  Wm.  e.  Aug.  14,  1861,  captd.  at  Shiloh. 

Withell,  Elias  M.,  e.  Aug.  14,  1861,  disd.  March  13,  1862,  disab. 


Asst.  Surgeon  J.  C.  Batford,  com.  Oct.  25,  1863 ;  resd.  June  5,  1863. 
First  Lieut.  John  A.  White,  com.  July  26,  1865. 
Corp.  Albert  B.  Siles,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861,  died  May  4,  1862. 
Musician  Geo.  M.  Titus,  e.  Sept.  18,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 


Second  Lieut.  Abram  E.  Wood,  prmtd.  2d  lieut.  June  7,  1865. 
Bowman,  Godfrey,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861,  disd.  Feb.  3,  1865,  disab. 
Foot,  Jas.,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861,  died  Aug.  4,  1862. 
Lockwood,  J.,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861,  disd.  Dec.  11,  1861,  disab. 
Postelwaight,  J.  J.,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  wd. 
Shaffer,  Samuel  B.,  e.  Oct.  i,  1861,  disd.  Jan.  i,  1862. 
Selby,  Henry,  e.  Oct.  15,  1861,  disd.  March  3,  1862. 


Blake,  James,  e.  Dec.  9,  1861,  wd.  Shiloh. 

Brown,  George,  e.  Dec.  12,  1861,  trans,  to  Inv.  Corps. 

Bodenhoffer,  John,  e.  Dec.  19,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864,  wd. 

Corbin,  Aaron  F.,  e.  Dec.  20,  1861,  died  June  30,  1862. 

Hulett,  Oliver  B.,  e.  Jan.  23,  1862,  died  Aug.  5. 

Hamilton,  Alexander,  e.  Feb.  23,  1863,  vet.  Feb.  28,  1864.  died  Aug.  7,  1864. 

Capt.  Marshall  C.  Fuller,  com.  March  24,  1862,  m.  o.  June  10,  1862. 

Corp.  Alexander  Maple,  vet.  Jan.  16,  1864,  Captd.  July  22,  1864. 


Corp.  Henry  A.  Burch,  e.  July  11,  1862,  m.  o.  July  20,  1865. 
Bower,  Wilson,  e.  July  9.  1862,  m.  o.  July  20,  1865. 

Digitized  by 



Dumont,  Thomas  R.,  e.  July  9,  1862,  m.  o.  July  20,  1865. 
Hodge,  Alfred,  e.  July  11,  1862,  wd.  Jan.  8,  1863. 
Hazebrigg,  A.  J.,  e.  July  7,  1862,  m.  o.  July  20,  1865. 
Phillips,  Jerome,  e.  July  21,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  19,  1863,  disab. 
Russell,  C.  C,  e.  July  17,  1862,  m.  o.  July  20,  1865. 


Bly,  Joseph,  e.  June  25,  1862,  m.  o.  July  15,  1865. 
Beatty,  David,  e.  Sept.  27,  1864,  m.  o.  July  15,  1865. 
JeflFerson,  Charles  H.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  m.  o.  July  15,  1865. 
Kress,  H.  W.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  disd.  March  20,  1863,  disab. 
McMahon,  Patrick,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  m.  o.  July  15,  1865. 
Robins,  Amos,  e.  July  28,  1862,  m.  o.  July  15,  1865. 


Sergt.  M.  R.  Brown,  e.  June  27,  1862,  disd.  May  22,  1863,  disab. 
Corp.  Alonzo  D.  Linde,  e.  July  7,  1862,  m.  o.  June  6,  1865. 
Farmer,  S.  H.,  e.  July  7,  18^,  died  Oct.  19,  1863. 
Kanally,  James,  e.  Aug.  2,  1862,  died  Dec.  27,  1862. 
Low,  Edwin,  e.  July  7,  1862,  m.  o.  June  6,  1865. 
Reed,  Charles,  e.  June  13,  1862,  died  Feb.  22,  1863. 
Williams,  John  L.,  e.  July  7,  1862,  trans. 


GiflFord,  C.  M.,  e.  Aug.  13,  1862,  disd.  Feb.  9,  1863. 
Dickey,  R.  B.,  e.  Jan.  23,  1864,  m.  o.  Aug.  15,  1865. 


Betzer,  Aaron  R.,  e.  Aug.  19,  1862,  trans. 


Qine,  Chas.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  kid.  Oct.  5,  1864. 
Rye,  Wm.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  m.  o.  June  5,  1865. 
Snyder,  J.  F.,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  captd.  Oct.  5,  1864. 
Wry,  Absalom,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  m.  o.  June  5,  1865. 
Wry,  James,  e.  Aug.  22,  1862,  died  Feb.  19,  1865. 


Thurlow,  L.  C,  e.  May  30,  1864,  m.  o.  Sept.  23,  1864. 
Coolsmith,  Wm.,  e.  May  30,  1864,  m.  o.  Sept.  23,  1864. 
Klise,  Chas.  F.,  e.  May  30,  1864,  m.  o.  Sept.  23,  1864. 

Digitized  by 




Second  Lieut.  Michael  McLaughlin,  e.  as  sergt.,  Sept.  23,  1861,  com.  ad  lieut 
Sept.  28,  1864,  returned  to  ist  sergt. 

Corp.  George  M.  Stewart,  e.  Sept.  23,  1861,  m.  o.  Aug.  10,  1865. 
Pierce,  Laban,  vet.  Dec.  19,  1863. 


Painter,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Feb.  26,  1864,  m.  o.  Aug.  11,  1865. 


Burlingham,  Mark,  e.  Feb.  20,  1864. 

Newcomb,  Geo.  W.,  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Samons,  Curtis^  e.  Feb.  29,  1864. 

Sergt.  Luther  V.  Brainard,  Oct.  7,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864,  prisoner  of  war. 

Sergt.  William  D.  Gleason,  e.  Oct.  25,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864, 

Brainard,  John  F.,  e.  Feb.  6,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  6,  1864. 

Edwards,  G.  H.,  e.  Oct.  25,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Ensign,  G.,  e.  Feb.  26,  1861,  vet.  Feb.  26,  1864. 

Isabell,  M.  M.,  e.  March  7,  1861,  vet.  March  7,  1864. 

Parmenter,  Wm.  H.,  e.  Feb.  26,  1861. 

Randall,  O.,  e.  Feb.  26,  1861. 


Dodge,  Frederick  D.,  vet.  March  21,  1864,  m.  o.  Oct.  3,  1865. 
Waudick,  Thos.,  vet.  Dec.  22,  1863,  m.  o.  Oct.  3,  1865. 
Waddick,  Wm.,  vet.  Dec.  22, 1863,  m.  o.  Oct.  3,  1865. 


Artificer  J.  P.  Davis,  e.  Sept.  21,  1861. 
Artificer  Andrew  J.  Norton,  e.  Sept.  21,  1861. 


Musician  Samuel  Huber,  e.  April  24,  1861. 


Cole,  Edmund  F.,  e.  Aug.  21,  1861,  disd.  May,  1864. 


Black,  Jas.,  e.  Sept.  8,  1861,  m.  o.  May  15,  1866. 

Digitized  by 




Gavin,  Wm.,  e.  Jan.  28,  1862,  m.  o.  Sept.  25.  1865, 


Corp.  Jacob  S.  Ray,  e.  Sept.  28,  1861. 
Hays,  Horace,  e.  Sept.  14,  186 1. 
Hoskins,  P.  L.,  e.  Nov.  14.  1861. 
Tyrell,  Isaac  N.,  e.  Oct.  28,  1861. 


Wood,  Abram  E.,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Sergt.  Hector  E.  Baldwin,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Breithaupt,  C.  F.,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Brundage,  Oliver,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Bunce,  Wesley,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1861. 

Coffee,  Ezra,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Davis,  Wm.,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Gibbony,  Jas.,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Kane,  Peter,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Kohl,  D.,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

McArthur,  John,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Dec.  i,  1863. 

Phelan,  D.  J.,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

Warrington,  I.  C,  e.  Sept.  17,  1861,  vet.  Jan.  i,  1864. 

BOOKS   IN    1885. 

The  list  given  below  of  the  soldiers  in  Jones  county  is  possibly  not  as  complete 
as  would  be  desired,  but  it  will  furnish  an  interesting  and  valuable  table  for  refer- 
ence. The  record  is  good  so  far  as  it  could  be  obtained  from  the  assessor's  books 
of  that  year  and  published  in  the  Anamosa  Eureka. 

'  Cass  Township. 

Atwood,  C.  P.,  Private  K,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Benskotec,  V.  W.,  Private  G,  148  Pa. 
Boots,  Joseph,  Private  B,  13th  111. 
Beebec,  Charles,  Private  C,  losth  111. 
Cunningham,  H.  H.,  Private  E,  137th  N.  Y. 
Denio,  Peter,  Private  D,  98th  N.  Y. 
Daywitt,  M.  C,  Private  K,  12th  Iowa  Cav. 
Jones,  J.  P.,  Drummer  D,  8th  Kansas. 
Monroe,  H.  H.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa. 
Rushford,  Nelson,  Private  D,  I42d  N.  Y. 

Digitized  by 



Smith,  D.  G.,  Private  D,  2d  Iowa. 
Chopper,  John,  Private  K,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 
Wilson,  W.  E.,  Private  I,  149th  N.  Y.  Inf. 

Castle  Grove, 

GaIHgan,  Wm.,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa. 
McLaughlin,  M.,  ist  Sergt.  B,  4th  Iowa  Cav. 
Ommen,  Peter,  Private  C,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
O'Rouke,  Lawrence,  Private  B,  46th  111.  R^. 
Rearick,  Wm.,  Private  D,  2nd  Iowa. 
Summerville,  David,  Private  H,  7th  Ohio. 
♦Troy,  Edward,  Private  6th  Iowa  Inf. 
Waddick,  Thomas,  Private,  3d  Iowa  Bat. 


Bodenhofer,  J.  H.,  Corporal  H,  i6th  Iowa  Inf. 
Bodenhofer,  G.  W.,  Private  L,  8th  Iowa  Inf. 
Kinney,  T.  J.,  Private  L,  8th  Iowa  Inf. 
Donahue,  Wm.,  Private  M,  6th  Iowa  Inf. 
French,  I.  N.,  Private  F,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Herrington,  John,  Private  A,  i8th  Iowa  Inf. 
Lee,  J.  F.,  ist  Sergt.  F,  12th  Iowa  Inf. 
McGlocklin,  Wm.,  Private  D,  2d  Iowa  Inf. 
Whitson,  James,  Private  K,  15th  Kan.  Cav. 
Undergraf,  Joseph,  Private  A,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Johnson,  J.  R.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Russell,  John,  Private  C,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 
Osbom,  Lyman,  Private  I,  47th  Wis.  Inf. 
Brown,  E.  E.,  Private  H,  2d  Iowa  Inf. 
Hanna,  J.  D.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Moncrief,  Jas.,  Private  F,  25th  Iowa  Inf. 
Lavery,  Hugh,  Private  B,  21st  111.  Inf. 
Hanna,  G.  A.,  Private  A,  13th  Iowa  Inf. 
McDaniel,  O. 


*Shaw,  W.  T.,  Sergt.  C,  2d  Ky.  Vol.  Inf. 
Shaw,  W.  T.,  Col.  14th  Iowa  Vol.  Inf. 
Bromily,  W.  T.,  Sergt.  H,  146th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Cash,  John,  Private  A,  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Strickle,  James,  Private  A,  45th  111.  Inf. 
Darsee,  Napoleon,  Private  G,  6oth  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Darsee,  N.,  Private  E,  65th  N.  Y.  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Brown,  J.  J.,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Walbridge,  W.  W.,  Private  F,  15th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Qine,  Wm.,  Private  F,  13th  Iowa  Inf. 
Post,  Daniel  L.,  Private  H,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Ronen,  John,  Private  A,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 
Harter,  G.  W.,  Private  E,  iioth  Ohio  Inf. 
Northrop,  James,  Private  H,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 
Northrop,  Henry,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Campbell,  John,  Private  F,  45th  111.  Inf. 
Campbell,  John,  Private  A,  90th  111.  Inf. 
Wry,  Wm.,  Corporal  K,  39th  Iowa  Inf. 
Leaper,  John  A.,  Private  D,  8th  Iowa  Inf. 
Worden,  John  H.,  Private  G,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Ridings,  James,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Scott,  Geo.  W.,  Private  E,  46th  Iowa  Inf. 
Ruhl,  Wm.  G.,  Private  K,  I,  D,  loth  111.  Cav. 
Moyer,  Samuel,  111.  Inf. 
Dragoo,  I.  N.  Private  K,  7th  Iowa  Inf. 
Weatherson,  Luke,  Private  K,  26th  Iowa  Inf. 
Kerr,  Porter,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Leaper,  John  W.,  Private  G,  8th  Iowa  Inf. 


Burlingham,  P.  M.,  Private  D,  sth  Iowa  Cav. 
Purcell,  Martin,  Private  M,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 
Bunce,  Reuben,  Private  L,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Mudd,  Hillary,  Private  C,  44th  Wis.  Inf. 
Pierce,  Lucian  D.,  Corporal  F,  33d  Wis.  Inf. 
Bamhard,  John  H.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Brown,  Milton  R.,  Private  L,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Fish,  Wm.  D.,  Private  C,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Aldrich,  Lucian  C,  Private  E,  2d  Vermont  Inf. 
Cook,  Wm.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Arnold,  Hiram,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Thompson,  Thomas,  Private  B,  32d  Iowa  Inf. 
McGowan,  Calvin,  Private  B.,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Brant,  E.  H.,  Private  C,  144th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Mason,  Presley  R.,  Private  C,  51st  111.  Inf. 
Slingeriand,  G.  H.,  Private  F,  i8th  111.  Inf. 
Eaton,  Amos  V.,  Corporal  H.,  i8th  Iowa  Inf. 
Pope,  Solomon  A.,  Private  D,  2d  Iowa  Inf. 
Stickley,  Robert,  Private  C,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Healy,  Robert,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Moreland,  John,  Private  F,  20th  Iowa  Inf. 
Stickney,  James,  Private  B,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 
Chapman,  Carlos,  Private  H,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Chadwick,  David,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Foley,  Wm.  B.,  Private  H,  5th  Iowa  Cav. 
Templeman,  U.  F.,  Private  H,  20th  Iowa  Inf. 
Wilson,  Andrew  G.,  Private  H,  8th  Mich.  Cav. 
Washington,  P.,  Private  G,  15th  Iowa  Inf. 
Keeler,  Ezra,  Sergt  Sig.  Corps,  U.  S.  A. 
Chapman,  Frank,  Corporal  K,  ist  N.  Y.  Art. 
Phelin,  James  H.,  Private  K,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Scroggs,  John  A.,  Private  A,  44th  Iowa  Inf. 
Kelly,  David  H.,  Private  L,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 
Nandell,  Robert,  Private  G,  14th  Mo.  Inf. 
Fisher,  Frank,  Private  H,  13th  Iowa  Inf. 
Simons,  William  H.,  Sergt.  G,  33d  Wis.  Inf. 
Lamson,  James  H.,  Private  G,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Yount,  Geo.  L.,  2d  lieut.  I,  ist  Iowa  Inf. 
Yount,  G.  L.,  2d  lieut.  H,  3rd  Mo.  Inf. 
Jackels,  Wm.  O.,  Private  F,  74th  111.  Inf. 
Gard,  Samuel  S.,  Private  C,  ist  Minn.  Inf. 
Wilds,  T.  M.,  Private  C,  2d  Iowa  Cav. 
Sigworth,  H.  W.,  5th  Sergt.  H,  67th  lU.  Inf. 
Johnson,  James,  Private  H,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Patterson,  T.  E.,  Corporal  E,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Wilkinson,  Robert,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Sigworth,  Miles  P;,  ist  Lieut.  G,  155th  Pa.  Inf. 
McMiller,  John,  Private  A,  32nd  Iowa  Inf. 
Rosencrans,  Lewis,  Private  C,  134th  111.  Inf. 
Dunklee,  Freeman  S.,  Private  A,  36th  111.  Inf. 
Wood,  E.  J.,  Private  F,  115th  Ohio  Inf. 
Brasted,  Isaac  H.,  Private  L,  ist  N.  Y.  Art. 
Cudworth,  John  G.,  Captain  C,  20th  N.  Y.  Cav. 
Condit,  E.  M.,  Corporal  C,  7th  Ohio  Inf. 
Barnard,  Wm.,  Private  L,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Prentice,  T.  S.,  Private  E,  nth  Wis.  Inf. 
Aldrich,  A.  W.,  horse  farrier  E,  5th  N.  Y.  Cav. 
Schoonover,  L.,  Private  G,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Kempsey,  M.  C,  Colonel,  87th  U.  S.  C.  D. 
Hammond,  Geo.,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Gillen,  Owen  E.,  Com.  Sergt.,  5th  Iowa  Cav. 
Adair,  L.  J.,  Orderly  Sergt.  H,  104th  Ohio  Inf. 
Desart,  Leander  E.,  Private  H,  34th  Iowa  Inf. 
Valendingham,  W.  H.,  Private  C,  7th  Iowa  Inf. 
Kenyon,  M.  B.,  Private,  8th  N.  Y.  Art. 
Nowlin,  Fred,  Private  K,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 
Parsons,  Thos.  T.,  Captain  F,  48th  U.  S.  Inf. 
Fargo,  Wilson  D.,  Band,  8th  Mich.  Inf. 
Alspaugh,  Wm.,  Sergt.  K,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 
HoUenbeck,  H..  Private  F,  20th  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Hall,  Samuel  C,  Corporal  H,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 
Clothier,  Smith,  Private  G,  2d  111.  Art. 
Griffin,  John  C,  Private  C,  153d  111.  Inf. 
Coe,  C.  W.,  Sergt.  F,  20th  Iowa  Inf. 
Brimdige,  O.,  Private  F,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Buckner,  Thos.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Brown,  Wm.  M.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Maudsley,  C.  W.,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 

Strawberry  Hill. 

Curttright,  Elias,  Private  F,  13th  Iowa. 
Dickerson,  Wm.,  Private  E,  13th  Iowa. 
Russel,  D.,  Chaplain,  104th  N.  Y.  Vol. 


Tathwell,  E.,  Private  A,  96th  Ohio. 
Leonard,  W.  P.,  Private  Sig.  Service,  Iowa. 
Duncan,  James,  Private  H,  14th  Iowa. 
English,  David,  Seaman,  Pa. 
Vernon,  John,  Private  C,  I42d  Ohio. 
Mitchell,  James,  Private  A,  198th  Ohio. 
Miller,  E.  V.,  ist  Lieut.  F,  13th  Iowa. 
Hilton,  A.  W.,  Private  M,  ist  N.  Y. 
Zimmerman,  H.,  Private  F,   13th  Iowa. 
Davis,  Geo.  W.,  Sergt.  G,  2d  Iowa. 
Kane,  Peter,  Corporal  F,  13th  Iowa. 
Mettee,  Geo.,  2d  Lieut.  B,  nth  Ind. 
Swan,  John,  Private  K,  9th  Iowa. 


Click,  W.  H.,  Corporal  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Soper,  G.  W.,  Private  K,  35th  Iowa  Inf. 
Whitney,  J.  H.,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Chatterton,  H.  P.,  Private  H,  ii8th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Simmons,  Coleman,  Private  B,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Sawyer,  Samuel,  Corporal  E,  169th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Holmes,  T.  J.,  Private  B,  N.  Y. 
Giddings,  W.  F.,  Private  H,  33d  111.  Inf. 
Smith,  B.  A.,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Lewis,  George,  Private  L,  15th  111.  Cav. 
Young,  Benj.,  Private  K,  17th  111.  Cav. 
Wolfe,  Geo.  H.,  Captain  M,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 
Austin,  Thomas,  Sergt.  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Scriven,  B.  H.,  Private  A,  15th  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Cole,  Simeon  W.,  Sergt.  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Starry,  Wm.,  Sergt.  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Garrison,  W.  S.,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Demoney,  B.  A.,  Private  H,  57th  Pa.  Inf. 
Qay,  J.  R.,  Private  B,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Qay,  D.  A.,  Private  B,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Freeman,  H.  C,  Lieut  G,  31st  Iowa  inf. 
Austin,  J.  C,  Captain  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 


Grassfield,  David,  Private  F,  20th  Iowa. 
Meeks,  Wm.,  Private  D,  2d  Iowa. 
Cylmer,  Charles,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Byers,  Samuel,  Private  E,  2d  Iowa. 
Dart,  M.  J.,  Private  B,  2d  Mo. 
Ryan,  Lyman,  Private  K,  2d  Iowa. 
Belknap,  Cable,  Private  E,  2d  Ind. 
Casteel,  M.,  Private  F,  Wurz  Mo.  Battery. 
Meek,  I.  H.,  Private  G,  51st  Ohio. 
Foust,  Benj.,  Private  C,  44th  Iowa. 
James,  Walter,  Lieut.  B,  9th  Iowa. 
Lyons,  J.  W.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa. 
Blood,  O.  T.,  Corporal  G,  112th  N.  Y. 
Anderson,  M.  A.,  Private  B,  45th  111. 
Bunce,  Reuben,  Vet.  L,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Ireland,  B.  F.,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 


Cobum,  Robert,  Private  A,  143d  Ohio  Inf. 
Krouse,  John  G.,  Trumpeter  K,  9th  Iowa  Cav. 
Krouse,  J.  G.,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 
Himebaugh,  H.  H.,  Private  C,  44th  Iowa  Inf. 
Sutton,  Henry  G.,  Private  O,  5th  Iowa  Cav. 
Pelkey,  Israel,  Corporal  B,  5th  Mich.  Art. 
Pelkey,  I.,  Corporal  H,  8th  Mich.  Cav. 
Dodge,  Warren,  Private  C,  88  111. 
Slife,  James,  Private  G,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Carter,  Samuel,  Private  E,  45th  Iowa  Inf. 
Leggett,  J.,  Private  A,  ist  N.  Y.  Dragoons. 
Preston,  David,  Private  K,  ist  Maryland  Cav. 
Hall,  James  L.,  Sergt.  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
McKelvey,  T.  H.,  Private  U.  S.  S.  Corps. 
Espy,  R.  J.,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Crans,  Adolphus  W. 
Ingram,  John,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Wright,  J.  W.,  Corporal  A.,  12th  W.  Va-  Cav. 
Jenkins,  Royal  A.,  Private  B,  145th  Pa.  Inf. 
Bugh,  Alexander,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Davis,  Wm.,  Private  I,  326.  Ohio  Inf. 
Gridley,  Charles  B.,  Sergt.  G,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Brutsman,  Frank,  Private  A,  92d  111.  Inf. 
i£vans,  Geo.  W.,  Private  H,  21st  111.  Inf. 
LeMaster,  J.  A.,  Corporal  D,  45th  111.  Inf. 
Wirt,  John,  Private  A,  196th  Ohio  Inf. 
Courtney,  J.  H.,  Private  K,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Farrington,  G.  L.,  Private  3,  Iowa  Bat. 
Grimm,  F.,  Sergt.  7,  Ohio  Ind't  Bat. 
Noyes,  N.  B.,  Corporal  F,  29th  Ohio  Inf. 
James,  J.  W.,  Captain  A,  12th  W.  Va.  Cav.  Confcd. 


McGregor,  Geo.,  Private  H,  ist  Md.  Inf. 
Sarles,  S.  E.,  Private  ist.  111. 
Stuart,  B.,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa. 
Whittemore,  F.  A.,  ist  Lieut.  F,  21st  Iowa. 
Albinger,  J.,  Private  21st,  Iowa. 
Winsor,  J.  H.,  Private  C,  39th  Wis.  Inf. 
Rather,  J.  J.,  Private  A,  50th  Wis.  Inf. 
Pierce,  H.  F.,  Private  C,  31st  Iowa. 
Magee,  D.  F.,  ist  Lieut.  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Grover,  I.  W.,  Private  I,  ist  Minn. 
Mellett,  E.  T.,  ist  Lieut.  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Dawson,  I.  H.,  Private  5th,  111.  Light  Art. 
Quimby,  D.  C,  Corporal  F,  37th  Iowa  Inf. 
Farwell,  S.  S.,  Major  31st,  Iowa  Inf. 
Merrill,  J.  W.,  Private  I,  52d  111.  Inf. 
Graves,  James,  Private  A,  52d  111.  Inf. 
Dolphin,  John,  Private  A,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Ryder,  C.  J.,  Captain  H,  io6th  N.  Y. 
Smith,  Nathan,  Private  M,  2d  Iowa  Cav. 
McConnon,  John,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa. 
Morris,  N.,  Private  L,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Develin,  Peter,  Private  F,  73d  Pa. 
Hughs,  Isaac,  Private  F,  21st  Iowa. 
Eulanks,  John,  Private  L,  4th  Iowa. 
Zigler,  Jacob,  Private  I,  37th  Iowa  Inf. 
Matthews,  John,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa. 
Haussler,  Lewis,  Private  C,  17th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
.    Dufoe,  Fred,  Private  D,  nth  Mo. 
Jones,  W.  B.,  Private  F,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Ackerman,  Isaac,  Private  G,  8th  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



McCulloogh,  M.,  Private  C,  8th  Pa.  Cav. 
Miller,  Isaac,  Corporal  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Pond,  D.  E.,  ist  Lieut.,  7th  U.  S.  Vol. 
Foster,  L.,  Private  L,  3d  Iowa  Cav. 
Monroe,  C.  A.,  Private  C,  44th  Iowa  Inf. 
Waugh,  W.  H.,  Private  I,  34th  Ind.  Inf. 
Springer,  Dennis,  Private  H,  4th  Minn.  Inf. 
Jarret,  Benj.,  Private  A,  31st  Iowa. 
Ruger,  John,  Private  I,  ist  Wis.  Inf. 
Dunham,  F.  S.,  2d  Lieut.  L,  2d  Cav. 
Stillman,  J.  R.,  2d  Lieut.  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Gardiner,  I.  L.,  Private  G,  130th  N.  Y.  Inf. 
Chesterfield,  C,  Private  G,  ist  Mich. 
Howard,  E.  N.,  Private  C,  2d  111.  light  Art. 
Nichols,  A.  J.,  Private  G,  19th  Iowa  Inf. 
Edwards,  E.  P.,  Private  F,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Smith,  N.  M.,  Surgeon,  6th  Iowa  Inf. 
Hicks,  Frank,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Gregory,  W.  H.,  Corp.  C,  8th  U.  S.  Inf. 
Harrir^on,  John,  Private  I,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Cassidy,  J.  P.,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Crawford,  C.  A.,  ist  Lieut.  L,  8th  Iowa  Cav. 
Sloan,  John,  Private  C,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 
Towle,  C  A.,  ist  Sergt.  D,  15th  N.  H.  Inf. 
Nelson,  John,  Private  E,  3d  Mass.  Vol. 
Cassidy,  Andrew,  Private  C,  2d  Iowa  Inf. 
Hartsough.  W.  D.,  Corporal  F,  3d  Iowa  Inf. 
Phillips,  I.  H.,  Private  D,  142  Ohio  Inf. 

Monticello  City. 

Voorhees,  James,  Private  I,  32d  111. 
Conway,  Wm.,  Private  I,  41st  Iowa. 
Clark,  John  L.,  Private  I,  21st  Iowa. 
Frye,  John  H.,  Sergt.  H,  13th  Iowa. 
Skelly,  James,  Corporal  I,  26th  Ind. 
Grover,  Samuel,  Private  F,  Iowa. 
Davidson,  James,  ist  Lieut.  G,  52d  111. 
Breen,  Michael,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa. 
Shover,  John,  Private  A,  12th  Iowa  Inf. 
Shover,  John,  Private  K,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 
Fitzimmons,  John,  Sergt.  K,  ist  Iowa. 
Quaintance,  M.  A.,  Private  D,  33d  Iowa. 
Fawkes,  Allen,  Private  G,  ist  Iowa. 
Chapman,  C.  C,  Private  C,  28  Mich. 
Lawrence,  Fred,  Private  H,  31st  Iowa. 
Haun,  George  M.,  2d  Iowa. 

Digitized  by 



Beranek,  John  F,  44th  Iowa  Inf. 
Sutton,  John  E.,  7th  Cav. 

Steele,  Wm., Cav. 

Robinson,  Wm.,  G,  31st  Iowa. 

Cook,  George,  133  Ohio. 

Field,  Geo.  H.,  nth  N.  Y.  Cav. 

Nichols,  Chas.,  N.  Y.  Art. 

Coulton,  Lorene  D.,  ist  Sergt.  B,  9th  Iowa. 

Courttright,  A.,  Captain  M.  7th  Iowa  Cav. 

Cooper,  Emil,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 

McDonald,  Samuel,  ist  Lieut.  A,  93d  111.  Vol. 

Keller,  Andrew,  B,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 

Sutliff,  Wm.,  C,  2d  Iowa. 

Dyson,  Thomas,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 

Reamer,  Ralph,  C,  14th  Iowa  Cav. 

Seykes,  R.,  E,  96th  Ohio. 

Thurston,  Wm.,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 

Langan,  W.  P.,  Corp.  M,  7th  Iowa  Cav. 

Wilimek,  Vinel,  17th  Iowa. 

Munsell,  E.  L.,  ist  Wis.  Inf. 

Munsell,  E.  L.,  Private  ist,  U.  S.  Shooters. 

Zellers,  Joseph,  Private  M,  7th  Iowa  Inf. 

Oxford  Junction, 

Blakely,  H.  M.,  Corporal  I,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Fessenden,  Wm.,  Private. 
Hastings,  G.  A.,  Private  A,  74th  111.  Inf. 
Keech,  John  H.,  Private  I,  92d  111.  Inf. 
Kilmer,  Wm.,  Musician  G,  127th  111.  Inf. 
Millsap,  John,  Private  D,  nth  Iowa  Inf. 
Stout,  John,  Private  A,  nth  111.  Inf. 
Sacora,  Joseph,  Private  C,  15th  Iowa  Inf. 
Watson,  M.  D.,  Private  Battery  E,  ist  R.  I. 


Loes,  Jacob,  Private  I,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Moore,  William,  Private  I,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Beatty,  David,  Private  I,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Wright,  James,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Hein,  J.  A.,  Private  D,  ist  U.  S. 


Stewart,  J.  A.,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Fisher,  Wm.,  Private  G,  104th  Ohio  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Ristine,  J.  G.,  Private  B,  72d  Ind.  Inf. 
Emerson,  Charles,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
White,  William,  Private  G,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Handy, ,  2d  Lieut.  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 


Barker,  Usal,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Brickley,  J.  T.,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Brock,  C.  L.,  Private  F,  104th  111.  Inf. 
Bell,  J.  J.,  Private  F,  13th  Iowa  Inf. 
Qothier,  Theo.,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Duncan,  W.  F.,  Private  C,  83d  111. 
Dicus,  W.  H.,  Private  G,  ist  111.  Cav. 
Ellis,  W.  H.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Green,  Albert,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa. 
Holmes,  O.  P.,  Private  H,  35th  Iowa. 
Ireland,  S.,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa. 
Jackson,  A.  J.,  Corporal  C,  203  Pa. 
Mason,  C.  W.,  Private  D,  3d  Pa.  Art. 
Olmstead,  P.  E.,  ist  Sergt.  I,  53d  111. 
Pike,  J.  L.,  Private  K,  17th  Iowa. 
Price,  J.  M.,  ist  Corporal  B,  9th  Iowa. 
Reed,  S.  W.,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa. 
Rummel,  D.  E.,  ist  Corporal  B,  9th  Iowa. 
Stivers,  E.  H.,  Private  F,  5th  Iowa  Cav. 
Simpson,  J.  C,  Private  G,  3is^  Iowa. 
Sealls,  B.,  Private  A,  15th  Iowa. 
Starry,  Daniel,  Private  G,  31st  Iowa. 
Sealls,  E.  R.,  Private  H,  35th  Iowa. 
Sherman,  B.,  Private  B,  9th  Iowa. 
Vrooman,  W.  L.,  Private  G,  34th  Iowa. 
Waldo,  H.  H.,  Private  E,  5th  Iowa  Cav. 
White,  J.  A.,  Lieut.  E,  nth  Iowa. 

Scotch  Grove, 

Marshall,  Thomas,  Private  G.  3d  Iowa. 
Murray,  James,  Private  L,  5th  Iowa  Cav. 
Davis,  Francis  A.,  Corporal  I,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Sutherland,  Adam,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Orr,  John,  Private  D,  37th  Mass.  Inf. 
Fuller,  Wm.,  Private  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
Murphy,  Chas.  H.,  Private  C,  44th  Iowa  Inf. 
Sutherland,  John,  ist  Lieut.  D,  9th  Iowa  Inf. 
McKean,  C.  B.,  Private  C,  44th  Iowa  Inf. 
Hoyt,  Ed.,  Private  I,  loth  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Barahill,  R.  S.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Ferrian,  F.  W.,  ist  Sergt  M,  2d  Iowa  Cav. 
Sweesy,  M.,  ist  Sergt.  H,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Eby,  Samuel,  Corporal  A,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 


Fagan,  John,  Private  I,  21st  Iowa. 
Fagan,  Hugh,  Private  I,  21st. 
Flannigan,  Chas.,  Private  B,  6th 
McCanna,  James  O.,  Private  B,  6th 


Himebaugh,  G.  L.,  Private  D,  2d  Iowa  Inf. 

Heasty,  A.  M.,  Private  M,  2d  Cal.  Inf. 

Scheer,  C,  Private  H,  Military  Acad.  Vol. 

Bates,  John,  Private  C,  2d  Iowa  Inf. 

Stutt,  John,  Private  D,  34th  111. 

Stutt,  John,  Private  E,  La.  Light  Bat. 

Hartman,  P.  J.,  Corporal  H,  14th  Iowa  Inf. 

Burke,  T.,  Private  I,  47th  Pa. 

Weiss,  J.  A.,  Drummer  B,  54th  Pa.  Inf. 

Walker,  M.  H.,  Private  D,  169  Pa.  Inf. 

Smith,  W.,  Private  A,  57th  Ohio  Inf. 

Reymore,  G.  W.,  Private  K,  ist  N.  Y.  Light  Art. 

Priest,  J.  D.,  Private  D,  2d  Iowa. 

Wager,  J.,  Private  D,  N.  Y. 

Bigley,  Noah,  Sergt.  I,  37th  Iowa. 

French,  Henry,  Private  D,  34th  111. 

Green,  W.  H.,  E,  92d  Ohio. 


Bottomstone,  Geo.,  Private  E,  9th  Pa.  Cav. 
Rohwedder,  Hans,  Private  M,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Spencer,  James,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Tebo,  D.  G.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Tompkins,  O.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Cameron,  W.  T.,  ist  Lieut.  B,  143d  Ohio. 
Scripture,  James,  Private  C,  21st  Iowa  Inf. 
Johnson,  James,  Private  B,  26th  Iowa  Inf. 
Finch,  I.  C,  Private  D,  i8th  Mich.  Inf. 
Streets,  John,  Private  H,  76,  Ohio  Inf. 
Morse,  M.  H.,  Private  F,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Lamey,  Thos.,  Private  F,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Paul,  H.  F.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 

Digitized  by 



Woody ard,  Jerry,  Sergt  K,  24th  Iowa  Inf. 
Curttright,  J.  E.,  Private  E,  31st  Iowa  Inf. 
Chase,  Geo.,  Iowa. 

Wyoming  City. 

Bender,  J.  J.,  Sergt.  H,  14th  Iowa. 
Bronson,  J.  W.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Marshall,  T.  R.,  Lieut.,  121st  Ohio. 
Calkins,  Riley,  Fifer  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Wiggans,  Del.,  Private  A,  44th  Iowa. 
Fuller,  Ed.,  Drummer  H,  44th  Wis. 
Merrett,  C,  Private,  31st  Iowa, 
Champlain.  E.  B..  Private,  155th  Ohio. 
Grindrod,  J.,  Blacksmith  A,  9th  Iowa. 
Hepler,  A.  W.,  Private,  loth  Iowa. 
Mullett.  M.  J.,  Private,  44th  Iowa. 
Aldrich.  Henry,  Fifer  G,  31st  Iowa. 
Shibley,  Oliver,  Drummer  G,  31st  Iowa. 
Peck,  \V.  H.,  Sergt.  F,  31st  Iowa. 
Williams,  R.  S.,  ist  Lieut.  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Loomis,  A.  ^L,  Captain  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Hart,  A.  A.,  Private  K,  loist  111. 
Hopkins,  C.  B.,  Private  H,  58th  Pa. 
Ashcraft.  J.  A.,  Private,  207th  Pa. 
Pealer,  David,  wagoner  E,  20th  Ind. 
Lindsey,  Xick,  Private  E,  126th  111. 
Loudermilch,  J.,  Private  F,  104th  Pa. 
Hawley,  Frank,  Private  L,  ist  Iowa  Cav. 
Thomas,  Elihu,  Private,   14th   Iowa. 
Calkins,  R.  J.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Hoskins,  A.  R.,  Private  M,  6th  Iowa  Cav. 
Mackrill,  S.  R.,  Private  K,  24th  Iowa. 
Bradshaw,  P.  R.,  Iowa. 
McMillan,  D.  L.,  111. 


The  blowing  up  of  the  battleship  Maine  in  the  harbor  of  Havana  on  the 
evening  of  February  15,  1898,  led  to  events  in  history  which  became  of  interest 
to  the  people  of  Jones  county.  On  April  19,  1898,  the  congress  of  the  United 
States  adopted  resolutions  declaring  Cuba  independent,  and  this  action  precipitated 
open  war  with  Spain.  In  the  call  by  the  United  States  for  troops,  a  number  of 
men  from  Jones  county  volunteered  their  services  in  behalf  of  the  cause  of  Cuba. 
No  company  was  organized  in  the  county.  Those  from  the  county  enlisting  in  the 
service  were  recruits,  and  consequently  the  names  of  those  who  participated  in  that 
short  but  decisive  international  war,  cannot  be  accurately  determined.    Our  infor- 

Digitized  by 



mation  has  been  fragmentary,  but  it  is  ascertained  that  among  those  from  Jones 
county  in  the  service  were :  Orla  Wherry,  Edward  Parks,  Walter  T.  Noyes,  Ervin 
E.  Reed,  Newell  Berga,  Will  Campbell,  Geo.  Hemon,  Geo.  Hogan,  John  White, 
Perry  Sigworth  and  Chas.  Rorah. 

One  soldier  surrendered  his  life  blood  in  the  cause.  Walter  T.  Noyes,  a  son 
of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  N.  B.  Noyes  of  Onslow,  died  in  the  hospital  at  Montauk  Point, 
Long  Island,  in  1898,  of  fevers  contracted  in  Cuba.  This  noble  life  went  out  in 
the  prime  of  young  manhood.  But  the  blood  of  patriotism  flowed  in  his  veins. 
His  father  before  him  was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  war.  Walter  Noyes  was  a  mem- 
ber of  Company  H,  Sixteenth  United  States  Infantry,  in  the  regular  army.  His 
body  was  brought  to  Onslow  and  now  lies  buried  in  the  Wyoming  cemetery. 


The  record  presented  by  this  chapter  will  be  found  to  be  One  of  the  most  valu- 
able in  determining  the  magnitude  of  the  development  of  the  resources  of  the 
county,  and  in  securing  a  proper  estimate  of  the  present  condition  of  the  wealth 
of  the  people. 

The  record  herein  given,  includes  every  bank  in  Jones  county  at  the  present 
time,  with  the  exception  of  The  Bank  of  Martelle  from  which  the  editor  has 
been  unable  to  secure  any  statement  in  regard  to  its  financial  condition.  Omitting 
this  one  bank,  the  resources  of  the  county  show  an  aggregate  amount  of  money 
on  deposit  in  the  several  banks,  of  $4,787,305.86  and  an  aggregate  capital  in- 
vested of  $660,000.00,  and  the  aggregate  assets  or  resources  of  nearly 

The  statement  given  below  will  show  at  a  glance  the  present  status  of  the  banks 
of  the  county  as  to  deposits,  capital  and  assets. 

Deposits  Capital  Total  Assets 

Onslow  Savings  Bank. .    $  143454.17  $20,000    $    165,234.19 

Monticello  State  Bank   1,410,090.03  100,000  1,720,648  41 

T^vell   State  Bank 786,574.1 1  100,000  967,293.03 

Oxford  Savings  Bank 201,888.70  15,000  225,955.72 

Citizens  Ex.   Oxford 137400.00  50,000  157,510.00 

Citizens  Savings,  Olin 98,317.82  20,000  127,403.74 

First  Natl   Bank,  Olin 124,294.83  25,000  181,144.49 

Farmer's  Savings,  Martelle 40,314.09  10,000  50,314.09 

Citizens  Savings,  Anamosa 122,56349  50,000  172,761.93 

Niles  &  Watters,  Anamosa 605,272.92  50,000  690,549.17 

Anamosa   National,   Anamosa 626,528.05  150,000  905,827.78 

National  Bank,  Wyoming 269,607.65  50,000  373,32046 

Citizens   Bank,   Wyoming 221,000.00  20,000  240,000.00 

Total    $4,787,305.86    $660,000    $5,977,963.01 

The  financial  status  of  the  county  by  localities,  will  be  seen  by  the  following 
table,  giving  the  aggregate  deposits,  capital  and  assets  by  towns. 

Digitized  by 





Monticello   $2,196,664.14 

Anamosa    1,354,364.46 

Wyoming    490,607.65 

Oxford  Junction   339,288.70 

Olin    222,612.65 

Onslow    143454.17 

Martelle  40,314.09 

Total $4,787,305.86 


Total  Assets 

















The  above  table  is  hardly  fair  to  the  Martelle  locality  for  the  reason  that  The 
Martelle  Bank  has  not  been  included.  It  is  safe  to  say  the  total  assets  of  Jones 
county,  as  represented  by  the  banks  of  the  county,  is  over  six  million  dollars. 

We  give  below  a  short  sketch,  and  a  comparative  statement  of  the  several  banks 
in  the  county,  with  the  exception  of  The  Martelle  Bank,  which  we  have  been  unable 
to  secure. 


This  institution  of  sound  finance  had  its  beginning  in  Onslow,  August  27,  1893, 
as  the  private  bank  of  J.  T.  Chandler  and  C.  P.  Manwaring,  with  a  capital  of 
fifteen  thousand  dollars.  Mr.  Manwaring  retiring,  April  i,  1895,  J.  T.  Oiandler 
conducted  the  bank  alone  until  July  i,  1901,  when  C.  L.  Niles  of  Anamosa  and 
F.  J.  Sokol  of  Onslow  became  proprietors.  The  bank  continued  to  be  a  private 

In  September,  1901,  the  institution  was  incorporated  under  the  state  law,  under 
the  name  of  The  Onslow  Savings  Bank,  the  incorporators  being  C.  L.  Niles, 
president;  F.  J.  Sokol,  vice-president;  W.  J.  McCready,  cashier;  Nick  Holtz, 
Melvin  Spencer,  O.  C.  Johnston,  T.  B.  Johnston.  The  capital  stock  was  ten  thou- 
sand dollars.  On  January  4,  1909,  the  capital  stock  was  increased  to  twenty 
thousand  dollars.  The  present  officers  are  C.  L.  Niles,  president;  F.  J.  Sokol, 
vice-president ;  Roy  C.  Walters,  cashier.  Directors :  C.  L.  Niles,  QifFord  L.  Niles, 
M.  Spencer,  F.  J.  Sokol,  O.  C.  Johnston,  T.  B  .Johnston,  Paul  Paulsen. 


Loans    $52,462.83 

Overdrafts   i»703-5S 

Cash  and  due  from  banks 27,731.80 

Building  and  fixtures 3,100.00 

«     «     ♦     «     ♦ 

Capital    $10,000.00 

Undivided  profits  987.44 

Deposits,   Time    45,316.84 

Deposits,  Call 28,390.22 

Digitized  by 





Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank $i  17,333.77 

Cash,  drafts  and  checks 6,272.13 

Amount  in  other  banks,  subject  to  draft $  35,122.25 

Overdrafts    2,809.54 

Real  and  personal  property 3,696.50 

Total  assets   $165,234.19 


Capital    $  20,000.00 

Sight  deposits    $45,836.07 

Demand  deposits 4,372.25 

Time  deposits 93»245-85       I43454.i7 

Profits  on  hand 1,780.02 

Total  liabilities    $165,234.19 


This  institution  enjoys  the  distinction  of  being  the  strongest  bank  in  Jones 
county.  On  April  i,  1875,  the  Monticello  Bank  was  organized  under  the  state 
law  with  a  capital  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  The  bank  continued  to  do 
business  during  the  twenty  years  of  its  charter,  and  in  1895,  the  charter  was 
renewed  under  the  present  name  of  The  Monticello  State  Bank,  with  the  same 
capital  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars. 

The  present  directors :  S.  S.  Farwell,  G.  Henry  George,  S.  E.  Sarles,  William 
Stuhler,  E.  E.  Hicks,  John  A.  McLaughlin,  John  McDonald,  O.  H.  Soetje. 
H.  M.  Carpenter.  Present  officers:  president,  S.  S.  Farwell;  vice-president, 
William  Stuhler;  cashier,  H.  M.  Carpenter;  assistant  cashier,  H.  S.  Richardson. 


Deposits:  July  17,  1875  (first  statement),  $73792;  December  31,  1896. 
$521,566;  December  31,  1897,  $591,292;  1898,  $746,734;  1899,  $788413;  1900, 
$896,487;  1901,  $1,011,113;  1902,  $iJ49»935;  1903,  $1,152,725;  1904,  $1,155,194; 
1905,  $1,207,183;  1906,  $1,379,586;  1907,  $1,466,156;  December  31,  1908, 

Loans:  July  17,  1875,  $118,544;  December  31,  1896,  $562,825;  December  31, 
1897,  $617,665;  1898,  $718,908;  1899,  $783,469;  1900,  $845,419;  1901  $969,718; 
1902,  $1,116,285;  1903,  $1,095,229;  1904,  $1,115,703;  1905,  $1,200,557;  1906. 
$1,297,397:  1907,  $1,294,120;  December  31,  1908,  $1,399787. 

FINANCIAL   STATEMENT,    MAY    l8,    I9O9. 


Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank $1,528,145.56 

Cash,  drafts  and  checks I5»87i45 

Digitized  by 



Amount  in  other  banks  subject  to  draft 153,728.30 

Overdrafts    5,903.10 

Real  estate   17,000.00 

Total  assets    $1,720,648.41 


Capital    $    100,000.00 

Sight   deposits $    238,757.22 

Demand  deposits 76,066.92 

Savings  deposits  i3'393-3i 

Time  deposits   1,081,872.58       1,410,090.03 

Surplus  fund    150,000.00 

Profit  and  loss 60,558.38 

Total  liabilities    $1,720,648.41 


Next  to  the  Monticello  State  Bank,  the  Lovell  State  Bank  of  Monticello  is  the 
strongest  banking  institution  in  Jones  county.  This  bank  and  its  predecessors  be- 
long to  a  strong  banking  family.  Beginning  with  the  year  1878,  when  G.  Vf.  & 
G.  L.  Lovell  organized  the  bank,  the  institution  has  enjoyed  prosperity,  and  the 
confidence  of  the  people  in  its  integrity  and  soundness  has  never  been  questioned. 

The  bank  of  G.  W.  &  G.  L.  Lovell  continued  as  a  private  banking  house,  until 
April  17.  1897,  when  The  Lovell  State  Bank  was  organized  and  incorporated 
under  the  law  with  a  capital  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars. 

The  present  directors :  George  L.  Lovell,  R.  C.  Stirton,  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  J.  W. 
Doxsee,  Peter  C  Smith,  J.  S.  Hall,  C.  S.  Bidwell,  William  Schodde,  W.  A. 
Mirick.  The  present  officers:  president,  George  L.  Lovell;  vice-president,  J.  S. 
Hall ;  cashier,  R.  C.  Stirton ;  assistant  cashier,  L.  W.  Lovell. 


Capital,  surplus  and  profits:  April  17,  1897,  $100,000.00;  April  17,  1898, 
$106,557.79;  1899,  $107,705.30;  1900,  $111,450.02;  1901,  $117,482.53;  1902. 
$121,757.34;  1903,  $128,824.01;  1904,  $137,254.03;  1905,  $146,762.30;  1906, 
$i56,68g.95;  1907,  $161,705.95;  1908,  $167,861.19;  1909.  $181,061.68. 

Loans:  April  17,  1897,  $142,885.48;  April  17,  1898,  $303,938.27;  1899, 
$351,610.42;  1900,  $416,077.82;  1901,  $466,121.09;  1902,  $539»996.i9;  ^903' 
$598,516.02:  1904,  $616,944.02;  1905,  $621,657.58;  1906,  $733,608.84;  1907, 
$793,197.67;  1908,  $806,407.12;  1909,  $808,070.14. 

Deposits:  April  17,  1897,  $135,830.30;  April  17,  1898,  $330,669.16;  1899, 
$363^550.28;  1900,  $392,054.29;  1901,  $443,960.46;  1902,  $539»9i5.38;  1903, 
$574,798.41;  1904,  $585,051.38;  1905,  $623,773.84;  1906,  $696,011.00;  1907, 
$777,154.38;  1908,  $795,664.53;  1909,  $791,946.99. 

Digitized  by 





Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank $817,138.02 

Cash,  drafts  and  checks 18466.42 

Amount  in  other  banks  subject  to  draft 112439.77 

Overdrafts     3>397-30 

Real  estate 15,851.52 

Total  assets   $967,293.03 


Capital    $100,000.00 

Sight  deposits   $132,542.21 

Demand  deposits 24,744.62 

Time  deposits $629,287.28       786,574.11 

Surplus   65,000.00 

Profits  on  hand 15,718.92 

Total  liabilities • $967,293.03 


This  solid  institution  was  organized  and  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  Iowa, 
in  August,  190 1,  under  the  name  of  The  Oxford  Junction  Savings  Bank,  with  a 
capital  of  fifteen  thousand  dollars.  This  institution  absorbed  and  succeeded  The 
Oxford  Junction  Bank  which  had  been  started  about  1887  and  operated  as  a  private 
bank  by  Jules  Carter. 

The  present  officers:  president,  George  A.  Wasoba;  vice-presidents,  Frank 
Burda  and  H.  H.  Petersen ;  cashier,  F.  H.  Shimanek. 



Loans  and  discounts $93*362.78 

Cash  and  due  from  banks 12,166.99 

Overdrafts   5,068.00 

Banking  house  and  fixtures 6,832.84 

Total  resources $1 17,430.61 


Capital      $  15,000.00 

Surplus  and  profits  1,700.71 

Deposits    100,729.90 

Total  liabilities   $1 17430.61 

Digitized  by 





Loans  and  discounts $188,974.35 

Cash  and  due  from  banks 27,568.78 

Overdrafts   3,1 12.59 

Real  estate  and  personal  property 6,300.00 

Total  resources $225,955.72 


Capital    $  15,000.00 

Deposits    201,888.70 

Surplus  and  profits 9,067.02 

Total  liabilities $225,955.72 

Increase  in  deposits  in  five  years $101,159.00 

Increase  in  total  assets  in  five  years 118,525.00 


This  obliging  financial  house  was  first  organized  October  19,  1889,  as  the  Ex- 
change Bank,  a  private  institution,  with  a  capital  of  ten  thousand  dollars,  L.  Zeller 
being  the  owner  and  proprietor.  On  September  i,  1908,  the  bank  was  reorganized 
as  The  Citizens  Exchange  Bank,  with  a  capital  of  fifty  thousand  dollars.  L. 
Zeller  is  president,  and  L.  F.  Zeller,  cashier.  The  bank  continues  to  be  a  private 


Loans    $129,954.00  Loans    $157,510.00 

Deposits    132,827.00  Deposits    137400.00 

Capital 50,000.00  Capital 50,000.00 

Surplus   7,332.00  Surplus   29,628.00 


This  banking  institution  has  enjoyed  a  steady  growth  and  has  tasted  of  the 
milk  and  honey  of  prosperity  since  its  organization  on  May  6,  1899.  It  organized 
with  a  capital  of  ten  thousand  dollars,  but  in  the  growth  and  development  of  the 
.business,  the  capital  was  soon  increased  to  twenty  thousand  dollars.  The  first 
directors :  John  Moreland,  W.  H.  Crain,  H.  W,  Flenniken,  Allen  Edleman,  James 
Snoddy,  John  Blahney,  J.  D.  Saum,  George  SchoUman.  The  first  officers :  presi- 
dent, John  Moreland;  vice-president,  W.  H.  Crain;  cashier,  H.  W.  Flenniken. 

The  present  directors:  John  Moreland,  W.  H.  Crain,  H.  W.  Flenniken,  John 
McMurrin,  C.  W.  Murfield,  C.  J.  Brickley,  Gilbert  Blahney,  R.  H.  Russell,  J.  D. 
Saiun.  The  present  officers:  president,  W.  H.  Crain;  vice-president,  Gilbert 
Blahney ;  cashier  H.  W.  Flenniken ;  assistant  cashier,  Qarence  Brickley. 

Digitized  by 




Resources.                                                      Liabilities. 
Bills   receivable $29,89777    Capital $10,000.00 

^^^^ • 5419-56    Individual  deposits 9,582.64 

Due  from  banks 2,580.52     ^     .^             r    ,        ..  o     ^  .^ 

r^       .     r^                                        ^      ^       Certificates  of  deposit 18,736.62 

Overdrafts   29.91                                  ^  '^ 

Furniture  and  fixtures 728.47     Undivided  profits   336.97 

Total   assets    $38,656,23  Total   liabilities $38,656.23 



Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank  $96,146.36 

Cash,  drafts  and  checks  5.912.89 

Amount  in  other  banks  subject  to  draft 16.305.60 

Overdrafts     4,952.92 

Real  and  personal  property 4,085.97 

Total  assets    $127,403.74 


Capital    $20,000.00 

Sight  deposits   $44,832.62 

Time  deposits   53,485.20        98,317.82 

Profits  on  hand 9,085.92 

Total  liabilities   $127,403.74 


This  is  the  youngest  bank  in  Olin,  and  has  already  become  a  very  active 
and  healthy  infant  institution.  The  bank  was  organized  and  chartered  under  the 
Federal  banking  laws,  February  i,  1905,  with  a  capital  of  twenty-five  thousand 
dollars,  and  the  following  directors:  George  L.  Schoonover,  Park  Chamberlain, 
George  W.  Huber,  M.  H.  Crissman,  L.  M.  Carpenter,  H.  D.  Miller,  W.  T. 
Shaw  and  H.  D.  Myrick.  The  officers  were :  president,  George  L.  Schoonover ; 
vice-president,  George  W.  Huber;  cashier,  M.  H.  Crissman. 

The  present  directors:  L.  M.  Carpenter,  George  L.  Schoonover.  Park 
Chamberlain,  C.  E.  Walston,  H.  D.  Miller,  M.  H.  Crissman.  The  present  offi- 
cers: president,  George  L.  Schoonover;  vice-president,  L.  M.  Carpenter;  cashier, 
M.  H.  Crissman. 

This  is  one  of  the  three  national  banks  in  the  county,  and  is  the  latest  one 
to  receive  a  charter.  It  has  enjoyed  a  steady  growth  and  is  today  one  of  the 
flourishing  banking  institutions  of  our  county. 

Digitized  by 





Loans  and  discounts  $19,748.45 

U.   S.  bonds   6,250.00 

Premium  on  U.  S 296.88 

Bonds   and   securities    379-50 

Furniture  and  fixtures   585.00 

Expenses   paid    37^-77 

Due  from  National  banks,  not  reserve  agents 14,974.70 

Due  from  reserve  agents 20,164.40 

Cash  on  hand   7,420.32 

Total   resources    $70,191.02 


Capital $25,000.00 

National  bank  notes  outstanding 6,250.00 

Deposits 38,941.02 

Total   liabilities    $70,191.02 



Loans   and  discounts $89,888.73 

Overdrafts 5»993-89 

U.  S.  and  other  bonds  and  premium 37,364.20 

Real  and  personal  property    12,500.00 

Due  from  National  banks  not  reserve  agents 10,026.91 

Due  from  reserve  agents    16,699.73 

Cash,  five  per  cent  fund,  and  reserve  cash 8,671.08 

Total  resources $181,144.49 


Capital $  25,000.00 

Surplus  and  undivided  profits   6,849.66 

Circulation $  25,000.00 

Deposits 124,294.83 

Total  liabilities   $181,144.49 


The  youngest  bank  in  the  county  is  the  Farmers  Savings  Bank  of  Mar- 
telle,  and  its  last  financial  statement  shows  that  it  is  a  strong  and  vigorous 
infant.  Its  organization  became  a  matter  of  record  December  12,  1908,  with 
a  capital  stock  of  ten  thousand  dollars.  The  stockholders  are  farmers  with  but 
few  exceptions.  The  directors  are  Frank  Hoffman,  C.  J.  Murfield,  Abner 
Lacock,  A.  J.  Baird,  S.  C.  Batchelder,  J.  E.  Barner,  A.  R.  Weaver.    The  officers 

Digitized  by 



are:  president,  Frank  Hoffman;  vice-president,  C.  J.  Murfield;  cashier,  C.  H. 

This  institution  is  so  young  in  years,  that  no  comparative  statement  of  its 
financial  condition  is  necessary. 



Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank  $37,981.50 

Cash,  drafts  and  checks  2,137.56 

Amount  in  other  banks  subject  to  draft  4,800.47 

Overdrafts  and  expense  account   756.65 

Real  and  personal  property    4,637.91 

Total  assets   $50,314.09 


Capital $10,000.00 

Sight  deposits $1 1,018.85 

Demand  deposits 601.86 

Time    deposits    $28,693.38        $40,314.09 

Total   liabilities $50,314.09 


A  bank  that  has  seemed  to  meet  with  success  from  the  start  is  the  Citizens 
Savings  Bank  of  Anamosa.  With  the  exception  of  the  Farmers  Bank  at  Martelle, 
it  is  the  youngest  bank  in  the  county.  This  institution  was  incorporated  Nov- 
ember 8,  1906,  by  W.  A.  Cunningham,  William  Thomas,  H.  Hellberg,  Sr.,  C.  H. 
Anderson,  E.  K.  Ray  and  B.  E.  Rhinehart.  The  first  directors:  W.  A.  Cunning- 
ham, William  Thomas,  C.  H.  Anderson,  H.  Hellberg,  Sr.,  Dr.  A.  G.  Hejinian, 
William  T.  Shaw  and  E.  K.  Ray.  First  officers:  president,  W.  A.  Cunningham; 
vic2  president,  William  Thomas ;  cashier,  E.  K.  Ray.  The  new  bank  opened  for 
business  March  14,  1907,  with  a  capital  of  fifty  thousand  dollars.  The  present 
directors:  W.  A.  Cunningham,  William  Thomas,  A.  G.  Hejinian,  L.  G.  Ray, 
J.  A.  Belknap,  E.  K.  Ray,  W.  F.  Hellberg.  Present  officers:  president,  W.  A. 
Cunningham;  vice-president,  William  Thomas;  cashier,  E.  K.  Ray;  assistant 
cashier,  W.  F.  Hellberg. 

FINANCIAL    STATEMENT,    MAY    l8,    I9O9. 


Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank $96,601.48 

Cash,  drafts  and  checks 14,133.41 

Amount  in  other  banks  subject  to  draft 46,518.61 

Overdrafts 807.87 

Real  and  personal  property    14,700.56 

Total   assets    $172,761.93 

Digitized  by 




Capital $  50,000.00 

Sight  deposits $39,236.71 

Demand  deposits 1,225.00 

Time  deposits 82,101.78      $122,563.49 

Profits  on  hand 19844 

Total  liabilities $172,761.93 


This  flourishing  banking  institution  had  its  origin  as  a  National  bank  which 
was  organized  in  1871,  with  a  capital  stock  of  fifty  thousand  dollars.  H.  C. 
Metcalf  was  president,  and  T.  W.  Shapley,  cashier.  The  directors  were:  H.  C. 
Metcalf,  C.  L.  Niles,  John  Watters,  George  Watters,  Dr.  E.  Blakeslee,  John 
McKean,  J.  C.  Deitz,  T.  W.  Shapley,  C.  H.  Lull. 

In  1879,  ^^^  National  Bank  surrendered  its  charter  and  the  bank  was  then 
conducted  as  a  private  institution  by  H.  C.  Metcalf,  and  the  following  year,  C.  L. 
Niles  and  George  and  John  Watters,  organized  under  the  name  of  Niles  and 
Watters,  private  bankers,  succeeding  H.  C.  Metcalf,  with  a  capital  of  twenty 
thousand  dollars. 

The  Niles  and  Watters  bank  continued  until  February  1905,  when  the  bank 
was  organized  under  the  state  law  as  Niles  &  Watters  Savings  Bank  with  a  capi- 
tal stock  of  fifty  thousand  dollars  with  the  following  officers  and  directors: 
president,  C.  L.  Niles;  vice-presidents,  QiflFord  L.  Niles  and  T.  W.  Shapley; 
cashier,  T.  E.  Watters;  William  M.  Byerly,  John  McDonald,  George  Watters, 
John  Watters.  The  present  officers  and  directors  are:  president,  C.  L.  Niles; 
vice-presidents,  Clifford  L.  Niles  and  T.  W.  Shapley ;  cashier,  T.  E.  Watters ;  as- 
sistant cashier,  F.  J.  Cunningham ;  directors,  C.  L.  Niles,  Qifford  L.  Niles,  Geo. 
Watters,  John  McDonald,  T.  C.  Gorman,  T.  W.  Shapley  and  J.  E.  Remley. 


Capital   stock $  25,000.00 

Deposits    328,800.00 

Surplus  6,000.00 

Cash  and  due  from  banks 115,000.00 

Loans   arid   discounts    235,000.00 

Furniture  and  fixtures   365.00 



Cash  and  drafts,  etc $  21,461.07 

Bills,  bonds,  etc.,  owned  by  bank 531,906.1 1 

Subject  to  be  drawn  from  other  banks   129,514.73 

Overdrafts    4,167.26 

Value  of  personal  property   3,500.00 

Total   assets    $690,549.17 

Digitized  by 




Capital  stock  $  50,000.00 

Deposits,  sight,  demand  and  time 605,272.92 

Surplus  fund  and  undivided  profits   35,276.25 

Total  liabilities   $690,549.17 


This  splendid  and  reliable  banking  institution  is  the  natural  successor  of  the 
banking  business  which  had  its  beginning  in  the  copartnership  formed  December 
26,  1873,  between  William  T.  Shaw,  Lawrence  Schoonover,  James  A.  Bell  and  Ed- 
gar M.  Condit,  under  the  firm  name  of  Shaw,  Schoonover  &  Company,  with  a 
capital  of  twenty  thousand  dollars.  Messrs.  Condit  and  Bell  later  disposed  of 
their  interests  to  the  remaining  members  of  the  firm,  and  the  banking  business 
was  continued  under  the  name  of  Shaw  &  Schoonover  until  1894,  when  Colonel 
Shaw  retired,  and  Mr.  Schoonover  continued  the  business  individually  until  Jan- 
uary, 1897. 

The  Anamosa  National  Bank  was  incorporated  in  1892  by  Charles  H.  Lull, 
John  Z.  Lull,  W.  N.  Dearborn,  C.  S.  Millard  and  others,  and  in  1897,  this  bank, 
and  the  institution  operated  by  Mr.  Schoonover,  was  consolidated,  the  new  in- 
stitution taking  the  name  of  The  Anamosa  National  Bank,  with  Mr.  Schoonover 
as  president,  which  office  he  held  until  his  death  in  1907.  At  that  time  the  pres- 
ent incumbent  of  the  presidency,  George  I-.  Schoonover  was  elected. 

Park  Chamberlain  who  had  become  associated  with  the  bank  as  vice-president, 
in  January,  1907,  was  elected  cashier  in  March  of  the  same  year  to  succeed 
George  L.  Schoonover.  Mr.  Chamberlain  remains  in  the  bank  in  this  capacity, 
and  with  his  legal  education  and  knowledge  of  men  and  business  methods,  is  a 
splendid  man  for  the  place.  Joseph  N.  Ramsey  has  been  the  assistant  cashier 
of  the  bank  since  July,  1904.    W.  N.  Dearborn  is  vice-president  of  the  bank. 

In  July,  1905,  the  capital  stock  of  the  Anamosa  National  Bank  was  increased 
to  one  hundred  thousand  dollars,  and  it  has  easily  maintained  its  position  as  the 
largest  National  bank  in  the  county,  both  as  regards  capital  and  deposits. 

In  April,  1907,  the  management  of  the  Anamosa  National  Bank  organized 
the  Schoonover  Trust  Company,  with  a  capital  of  fifty  thousand  dollars,  for  the 
purpose  of  carrying  on  a  more  extensive  mortgage  and  trust  business,  and  the 
Trust  Company,  the  first  and  only  one  in  the  county,  has  gradually  taken  a  po- 
sition peculiar  to  itself  among  the  financial  institutions  of  the  county.  The  Na- 
tional Bank  directors  are :  George  L.  Schoonover,  Grace  Schoonover,  W.  N. 
Dearborn,  H.  F.  Dearborn,  H.  W.  Sigworth,  F.  O.  Ellison,  J.  N.  Ramsey,  Park 
Chamberlain  and  J.  E.  Tyler. 

The  appended  table,  giving  a  comparative  statement,  showing  the  growth  of 
these  institutions  since  1899,  shows  the  increase  in  assets  to  be  118  per  cent  in 
the  last  decade. 

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1899  1909. 

Anamosa  National  Bank.     Bank  &  Trust  Co. 

Loans  and  discounts  *. .  .$280,706.38  $684,631.06 

United  States  bonds 28,000.00  100,000.00 

Cash  and  due  from  banks   104,973.54  110,022.91 

Real  estate   0.00  1 1,173.81 

$413,679.92  $905,827.78 

Capital  stock,  paid  in   $  50,000.00  $150,000.00 

Suq>lus  and  undivided  profits 2,581.62  29,299.73 

Circulation    25,000.00  100,000.00 

Deposits    335*898.30  626,528.05 

$413,679.92      $905,827.78 


This  is  the  oldest  National  Bank  in  the  county  that  is  yet  doing  business  without 
any  change  in  its  form  of  -charter.  The  bank  was  organized  January  26,  1872, 
by  F.  D.  Hodgeman,  W.  T.  Foote,  John  K.  Pixley  and  others.  The  first  directors 
were:  Stephen  Hamilton,  Thomas  Green,  William  H.  Holmes,  Whitney  J.  Brain- 
ard,  Hiram  Smith,  John  K.  Pixley  and  Josiah  W.  Sloan  The  first  officers: 
Hiram  Smith,  president;  W.  T.  Foote,  vice-president;  John  K.  Pixley,  cashier. 
This  bank  was  the  natural  successor  to  the  private  bank  of  Butterick  &  Schultz. 

The  present  directors:  A.  M.  Loomis,  A.  A.  Vaughn,  John  T.  Wherry,  W.  I. 
Chamberlain,  W.  H.  Tourtellot,  Fred'k  H.  Foote.  The  present  officers :  Fred'k 
H.  Foote,  president;  A.  M.  Loomis,  vice-president;  A.  A.  Vaughn,  cashier;  Jas. 
S.  Robertson,  assistant  cashier. 



Loans  and  discounts $207,323.75 

Overdrafts    1 1,259.14 

U.  S.  bonds 25,000.00 

Stocks   and  securities    36,105.00 

Banking  house  and  personal  property 5,000.00 

Due  from  banks  61,658.09 

Cash,  cash   items  and  checks 20,622.02 

Redemption  fund,  U.  S.  treasurer 1,250.00 

Total  resources $368,218.00 


Capital    $  50,000.00 

Surplus  and  undivided  profits 22,712.09 

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Circulation,  secured  by  U.  S.  bonds 25,000.00 

Deposits    270,505.91 

Total  liabilities   $368,218.00 



Loans  and  discounts   $288,074.03 

Overdrafts    2,252.27 

U.  S.  bonds 25,000.00 

Bonds  and  securities    4,280.00 

Banking  house,  real  estate  and  personal  property 5,500.00 

Due  from  banks 27442.99 

Cash,  checks  and  cash  items 19,521.17 

Redemption  fund  with  U.  S.  treasurer 1,250.00 

Total  resources  $373,320.46 


Capital    $  50,000.00 

Surplus  and  profits   28,712.81 

Circulation,  secured  by  U.  S.  bonds 25,000.00 

Sight  deposits $  65,113.85 

Demand  deposits    18,052.05 

Time  deposits 186,441.75  269,607.65 

Total  liabilities   $373,32046 


This  private  financial  institution  has  not  had  the  advantage  of  succeeding 
aome  other  institution  similar  in  character,  in  order  to  have  had  a  start  when  its 
doors  were  open  for  business,  but  nevertheless,  its  growth  and  development  speaks 
in  tones  of  praise  of  the  confidence  and  regard  the  people  have  had  for  the  man- 
agement since  its  organization.  Its  doors  were  opened  October  25,  1894,  with  a 
cash  capital  of  twenty  thousand  dollars,  C.  J.  Ingwersen  was  president,  and  P.  S. 
Jansen,  cashier.  The  institution  has  enjoyed  a  good  patronage,  and  the  bank  is 
very  generally  regarded  as  one  of  the  safe  and  sound  banks  in  the  county.  The 
bank  is  patronized  to  quite  an  extent  by  the  German  farmers  and  stock  raisers, 
although  the  patronage  extends  to  and  includes  all  classes. 

The  Citizens  Bank  continues  to  be  conducted  as  a  private  institution.  Hans 
Jansen  is  president  and  P.  S.  Jansen,  cashier;  Chris  J.  Ingwersen  is  assistant 
cashier.  In  November,  1899,  the  bank  deposits  amounted  to  eighty  one  thousand 


Capital    $  20,000.00 

Deposits    221,000.00 

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Loans  and  discounts  - 180,000.00 

Cash  and  due  from  banks 60,000.00 

The  following  table  showing  the  live  stock  receipts  for  stock  shipped  to  Chi- 
cago, the  money  of  which  was  received  by  the  Citizens  Bank  during  the  past 
thirteen  years,  gives  some  idea  of  the  volume  of  business  which  passes  through 
this  institution,  as  well  as  giving  some  idea  of  the  stock  prepared  for  market  in 
this  locality,  although  it  does  not  include  all  the  stock  shipped  out  of  Wyoming 
and  the  surrounding  territory. 
Year  ending 

October  31,  1897 — 158  cars  cattle,  114  cars  hogs — 272  cars $   224,010.84 

October  31,  1898 — 135  cars  cattle,  127  cars  hogs — 262  cars 223,178.85 

October  31,  1899 — ^68  cars  cattle,  122  cars  hogs — ^290  cars 279,284.41 

October  31,  1900 — 175  cars  cattle,  158  cars  hogs — 333  cars 324,688.51 

October  31,  1901 — 186  cars  cattle,  176  cars  hogs — 362  cars 383,008.19 

October  31,  1902 — 163  cars  cattle,  188  cars  hogs — 351  cars 445412.23 

October  31,  1903 — 190  cars  cattle,  146  cars  hogs — ^336  cars 379,667.71 

October  31,  1904 — 193  cars  cattle,  154  cars  hogs — 347  cars 353,480.10 

October  31,  1905 — ^207  cars  cattle,  168  cars  hogs — 375  cars 382,745.19 

October  31,  1906 — 181  cars  cattle,  173  cars  hogs — ^354  cars 381,512.59 

October  31,  1907 — 210  cars  cattle,  174  cars  hogs — 384  cars 465,215.28 

October  31,  1908 — 141  cars  cattle,  149  cars  hogs — ^290  cars ^93,449-36 

October  31,  1909 — 142  cars  cattle,  1 14  cars  hogs — 256  cars 323,717.06 

Total    13    years.. 2,249  1*963  4,2 12  $4,459,370.32 


The  first  railroad  in  Iowa  was  commenced  in  1854.  Previous  to  that  time,  the 
struggle  for  a  railroad  had  begun  in  Jones  county.  On  May  2,  1852,  there  had 
been  incorporated  the  Iowa  Central  Air  Line  Company,  an  organization  which 
for  a  number  of  years  figured  quite  conspicuously  in  Central  Iowa,  and  which 
because  of  its  "air"  the  Jones  county  people  have  abundant  cause  to  remember. 

This  company  was  incorporated  at  the  date  named,  by  the  following  persons, 
most  of  whom  were  Iowa  men :  Jonas  Clark,  John  E.  Goodnow,  J.  W.  Jenkins, 
Russel  Perham,  Alonzo  Spaulding,  Elisha  F.  Clark,  Daniel  Rhodes,  David 
Sears,  Ira  Minard,  Charles  Butler,  Elisha  C.  Littlefield,  G.  S.  Hubbard,  S.  S 
Jones,  S.  M.  Hitt,  George  W.  Waite,  William  Ferdman,  L.  H.  Bowen.  O.  Emer- 
son, George  Greene,  A.  F.  Steadman,  D.  M.  Mcintosh,  Isaac  Whittam,  N.  B 
Brown,  S.  D.  Carpenter,  D.  W.  King,  N.  W.  Isbell,  Charles  Nye,  Thomas  J 
McKean,  L.  D.  Jordan,  E.  Vanmeter,  Dan  Lothian,  M.  E.  McKenney,  S.  C. 
Sever,  William  Haddock,  J.  H.  Fisher,  H.  C.  Metcalf,  W.  H.  Eldridge,  Porter 
Sargeant,  E.  A.  Wood. 

The  purpose  of  the  corporation,  as  set  forth  in  the  articles,  was  "the  con- 
struction, operation  and  use  of  a  railroad  with  double  or  single  track,  and  with 
all  necessary  appendages,  branches  and  extensions.  The  main  trunk  or  con- 
tinuous line  of  said  road  was  to  commence  on  the  Mississippi,  at  or  near  Sabula, 
and  run  thence  westerly  on  or  near  the  forty-second  parallel  of  latitude  to  the 

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Missouri  River,  and  thence  westerly,  ultimately  through  the  South  Pass  to  Cali- 

The  stock  of  the  air  line  company  was  to  be  ten  million  dollars,  with  the 
privilege  of  increasing  it.  A  survey  was  made  through  to  the  Missouri  River, 
passing  through  Maquoketa,  Anamosa,  Marion,  Cedar  Rapids,  Marshalltown, 
and  crossing  the  Missouri  River  just  west  of  Onawa.  Negotiations  were  opened 
up  for  a  land  grant  and  not  much  else  was  done  for  several  years.  An  act  of 
congress,  of  May  15,  1856,  granted  to  the  state  of  Iowa  upward  of  three  million 
acres  of  government  lands,  to  be  expended  in  building  railroads.  The  act  pro- 
vided to  give  a  company  building  a  road  from  Lyons  to  a  point  at  or  near  Ma- 
quoketa, and  thence  west  on  the  line  of  the  air  line  road  to  the  Missouri  River, 
every  alternate  section  designated  by  odd  numbers  within  six  miles  on  either 
side  of  the  line  of  road,  and  where  the  land  within  this  distance  was  already 
sold  or  preempted,  the  state  was  to  select  an  equivalent  amount  of  land  within 
fifteen  miles  on  either  side  of  the  road. 

The  grant  from  the  legislature  to  the  Iowa  Central  Air  Line  Company  pro- 
vided that  the  line  should  be  definitely  fixed  and  located  before  April  i,  1857,  ^°^ 
that  if  the  road  did  not  have  seventy-five  miles  completed  prior  to  December  i, 
1859,  or  did  not  have  the  road  completed  before  December  i,  1865,  that  all  un- 
sold lands  should  revert  to  the  state. 

The  land  grant  to  this  and  other  roads  gave  a  tremendous  impetus  to  railroad 
building  in  Iowa  for  several  years.  The  land  grant  to  the  air  line  company  alone 
was  estimated  by  its  president  at  nine  hundred  and  six  thousand,  four  hundred 
and  eighty  acres.  The  report  of  June  2,  1858,  represents  one  million,  two 
hundred  and  ten  thousand  dollars  as  already  expended  upon  the  road,  most  of 
which  was  disbursed  in  securing  the  lands  of  the  company. 

The  projected  line  was  to  cross  Jones  county,  passing  through  both  Wyom- 
ing and  Anamosa.  The  county  in  its  corporate  capacity  was  called  upon  for 
help,  and  before  the  land  grant  had  been  secured,  in  June,  1853,  almost  immedi- 
ately after  the  formation  of  the  company,  a  petition  was  presented  to  the  county 
judge,  asking  for  a  vote  subscribing  eighty  thousand  dollars  stock  in  the  new 
company,  to  be  paid  in  county  bonds  drawing  eight  per  cent  interest.  These 
bonds  were  to  be  liquidated  by  an  annual  tax  of  one  per  cent.  The  pro|X)sition 
was  carried  by  a  vote  of  four  hundred  and  fifty-nine  to  two  hundred  and  forty. 

The  stock  was  not  subscribed,  however,  nor  the  bonds  issued  until  June  15, 
1856,  following  the  congressional  land  grant,  nor  were  the  bonds  delivered  even 
at  that  time.  December  25,  1856,  an  agreement  was  entered  into  between  G.  C 
Mudgett,  county  judge,  and  S.  S.  Jones,  president  of  the  air  line  company,  pro- 
viding that  the  bonds  should  be  issued  only  so  rapidly  as  the  work  was  carried 
on  in  the  limits  of  the  county  of  Jones. 

At  that  time,  the  stock  of  the  railroad  company  was  above  par,  and  it  was 
agreed  on  the  part  of  the  corporation,  that  if  the  county  should  relinquish  all 
right  to  the  dividend  upon  the  stock  of  the  company,  that  the  latter  would  agree 
to  pay  the  interest  upon  the  county's  bonds.  This  would  simply  amount  to  the 
county  of  Jones  lending  her  name  as  security  to  the  railroad,  which  in  the  rose- 
ate hue  hanging  over  railroad  prospects,  was  a  very  small  favor.  Stock  of  the 
company,  to  be  held  in  trust  for  the  county,  was  immediately  delivered  to  three 

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trustees — N.  G.  Sales,  of  Anamosa;  Robert  Smythe,  of  Marion  and  Jas.  Haz- 
lett,  Jr.,  of  Lyons. 

Under  this  agreement,  the  work  of  grading  was  immediately  commenced  in 
Jones  county,  and,  in  a  short  time,  fifty-four  thousand  dollars  of  county  bonds 
had  been  issued.    This  graded  roadbed  can  yet  be  easily  located. 

It  is  a  well  known  fact  that  the  air  line  company  failed  on  account  of  reckless 
management  and  open  rascality  on  the  part  of  the  president  and  other  officers. 
The  magnificent  land  grant  of  the  company  was  of  itself  sufficient  to  have  com- 
pleted the  enterprise  to  the  Missouri  River,  and  the  company  would  also  have 
received  cordial  help  from  cities  and  citizens  all  along  the  line.  Nothing  was 
done.  The  affair  was  a  suicide.  December  i,  1859,  the  time  when  the  road 
should  have  seventy-five  miles  of  road  completed  or  forfeit  the  grant,  came 
around,  and  not  a  mile  of  iron  had  been  laid,  and  the  magnificent  gift  of  the 
government  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  Cedar  Rapids  and  Missouri  River 

Of  course  the  air  line  company  never  paid  a  cent  of  interest  upon  the  bonds 
of  the  county.  Suits  were  entered  in  the  United  States  court  by  bondholders 
against  the  county  of  Jones  in  default  of  the  payment  of  interest.  The  plain- 
tiflF  secured  judgment. 

Forty-six  of  the  fifty-four  thousand  dollars  bonds  were  held  by  David  J. 
Lake  of  Chicago.  In  May,  1865,  a  compromise  was  affected  by  the  county's  pay- 
ing Lake  seventy-five  cents  on  the  dollar  due,  principal  arid  interest.  Six  thou- 
sand more  were  redeemed  about  the  same  time  from  other  parties  at  nearly  the 
same  rate.  One  bond,  held  by  G.  W.  Bettesworth,  was  settled  by  the  pa)mient 
of  one  thousand,  nine  hundred  and  twenty  dollars  and  seventy  cents  principal 
and  interest,  on  the  part  of  the  county,  while  Bettesworth  surrendered  the  bond 
and  conveyed  four  thousand,  five  hundred  and  ninety  acres  of  land  to  Jones 
county,  which  afterward  sold  at  such  a  figure  as  to  prove  a  good  investment. 
The  fifty-fourth  bond  was  cancelled  some  years  later. 

About  1852,  there  was  projected  a  road  from  Dubuque  to  Keokuk,  by  way 
of  Anamosa,  Marion  and  Iowa  City.  This  departure  from  the  direct  line  gave 
to  the  enterprise  the  vulgar  name  of  the  "Rams-Horn."  An  incorporation  was 
formed,  with  the  Langworthys  of  Dubuque,  Lincoln  Qark  and  W.  T.  Shaw 
among  the  leaders.  This  road,  as  originally  laid  out,  proved  a  failure,  but  along 
part  of  its  line  was  built  the  Dubuque  Western. 

On  the  occasion  of  the  completion  of  this  road  to  Anamosa,  the  following 
notice  of  it  appears  in  the  Anamosa  Eureka: 

"Friday  evening,  9th  of  March,  year  of  grace  i860,  was  a  joyous  time  in 

"Punctual  as  lovers  to  the  moment  sworn  and  punctual  to  the  hour  of  8 
o'clock,  came  the  first  train  of  cars  from  Dubuque.  A  crowd  was  at  the  depot, 
and  the  welcome  was  deep  and  cordial. 

"The  road  was  commenced  in  July,  1857.  In  October  following,  came  the 
revulsion  throughout  the  country;  but  the  work  continued  through  the  winter, 
and  subsequently  struggled  on,  now  and  then,  amid  the  trying  stringency  of  the 
money  market  until  last  autumn,  when  by  a  money  arrangement  with  C.  W.  Theo. 
Krausch,  the  late  chief  engineer  of  the  New  York  Erie  Railroad,  the  entire  su- 

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perintendency  was  transferred  to  him,  and  most  nobly  has  he  performed  his 
task,  proving  his  high  competency  as  a  railroad  builder  and  manager. 

"Prominent  among  the  men  to  whom  we  are  indebted  for  this  great  and  glori- 
ous work,  we  are  bound  to  accord  all  honor  to  L.  H.  Langworthy,  F.  S.  Winslow, 
W.  A.  Wiltse.  E.  Stimson,  H.  Gelpocke,  and  C.  W.  Theo.  Krausch  of  Dubuque, 
with  W.  T.  Shaw  of  Anamosa.  Others,  too,  have  aided  us  most  effectively  in 
the  trying  hours  of  the  past  two  years.  To  Mr.  Shaw  we  at  this  end  of  the  line 
are  largely  indebted.  His  cool  and  ready  clear-sightedness,  as  a  liberal  stock- 
holder and  director  from  the  beginning,  has  contributed,  in  a  great  measure,  to 
the  success  of  the  project." 

At  the  time  of  the  breaking  out  of  the  war,  the  road  was  being  pushed  west- 
ward toward  Marion,  and  W.  T.  Shaw  was  superintending  the  construction. 
On  the  day  Mr.  Shaw  received  his  commission  as  colonel  of  an  Iowa  regiment, 
he  dismissed  the  men  he  had  employed,  and  abruptly  as  Putnam  left  the  plow, 
proceeded  to  the  field  in  the  service  of  his  country.  The  building  of  the  road 
was  at  a  standstill  for  several  years,  and  was  not  completed  to  Marion  until  about 
1865.  The  present  terminus  of  the  road  is  Cedar  Rapids,  though  connections 
are  made  with  other  lines. 

Ten  thousand  dollars  in  bonds  of  the  city  of  Anamosa  were  voted  to  aid  the 
Dubuque  Western  road  in  building,  but  only  a  fraction  of  these  were  ever  issued. 
Farmers  and  citizens  along  the  line  aided  liberally  by  subscription. 

The  road  has  several  times  changed  hands  and  names,  passing  into  possession 
of  bondholders,  and  in  1878,  to  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad 
Company.  It  has  been  known  by  the  names  of  Dubuque  Western;  Du- 
buque, Marion  &  Western;  the  Dubuque  &  South  Western,  and  finally,  as  a 
part  of  the  Western  Union  division  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul. 

It  should  have  been  stated,  in  connection  w^ith  the  early  history  of  this  road, 
that  on  May  9,  1857,  the  question  of  taking  one  hundred  thousand  dollars  stock, 
by  issuing  county  bonds  to  that  amount,  was  submitted  to  the  people,  and  lost  by 
a  vote  of  five  hundred  and  sixty-seven  to  eight  hundred  and  twenty-eight.  A 
similar  proposition  was  defeated  in  August  of  the  same  year,  by  a  vote  of  seven 
hundred  and  sixteen  to  three  hundred  and  sixty-eight. 

A  speaker  in  a  public  gathering  in  later  years  in  giving  reminiscences  of  the 
days  of  the  Dubuque  &  Southwestern  Railroad,  stated  that  by  common  consent 
the  initials  of  the  road  (D.  S.  W.  R.  R.)  stood  for  the  phrase  *'Damn  Slow  Way 
Riding  Round."  Other  equally  ludicrous  and  vulgar  phrases  were  heaped  upon 
the  young  and  struggling  railroad. 

Quite  a  number  of  railroads  projected  in  Jones  county  existed  only  on  paper, 
and,  except  as  companies  or  paper  corporations,  had  no  existence  at  all.  Among 
the  first  of  these,  one  was  formed  to  build  a  road  from  Cascade  to  Anamosa,  to 
connect  at  the  fo'-mer  place  with  the  great  Northwestern  Railroad  projected 
through  tiiat  point.  A  meeting  was  held  December  9,  1856,  at  which  articles  of 
incorporation  were  adopted  and  the  following  persons  elected  a  board  of 
directors:  S.  W,  McMaster,  John  Lorain,  L.  C.  McKinney,  A.  S.  Chew,  S.  S. 
^^errill.  G.  W.  Trumbull,  T.  J.  Chew,  James  Hill,  William  P.  Wightman,  W.  S. 
Hall,  X.  G.  Sales,  Joseph  Mann,  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell.  The  road  was  never  begun, 
and  the  corporation  soon  collapsed. 

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With  greater  pretensions  was  organized,  March  19,  1857,  the  Wapsipinicon 
&  St.  Peters  Valley  Railroad  Company,  whose  purpose  was  to  build  a  continuous 
line  of  road,  to  commence  at  Anamosa  and  run  thence  northwest  through  Quas- 
queton,  Independence  and  Fairbanks,  and  thence  northwesterly  to  the  north  line 
of  the  state.    The  capital  stock  was  fixed  at  five  million  dollars. 

This  was  intended  as  a  feeder  to  the  air  line  route,  and  was  looked  upon  as 
a  very  probable  enterprise  in  the  palmy  days  of  the  air  line  bubble.  The  people 
were  given  an  opportunity,  in  May,  1857,  to  decide  whether  the  county  in  its 
corporate  capacity,  should  take  one  hundred  thousand  dollars  stock  in  the  Wapsi- 
pinicon &  St.  Peters  Valley  Railroad.  The  voters  very  decidedly  said  nay,  the 
scheme  being  defeated  by  a  vote  of  one  thousand  and  sixty-seven  to  three  hun- 
dred and  seventy-five. 

The  first  officers  of  the  company  were :  D.  S.  Davis,  president ;  Wm.  H.  Gibbs, 
vice  president;  E.  C.  Bidwell,  secretary;  H.  P.  Henshaw,  treasurer;  D.  S.  Lee, 
attorney ;  directors — F.  C.  Patterson,  Ruf us  Connable,  P.  A.  Brooks,  L.  W.  Hart, 
S.  V.  Thompson,  N.  G.  Sales,  G.  H.  Ford,  J.  S.  Dimmitt. 

January  12,  1859,  were  adopted  articles  of  association  of  what  was  called 
the  "Anamosa  Branch  of  the  Tipton  Railway,"  for  the  purpose  of  building  a 
branch  to  Tipton.  The  five  directors  chosen  were :  Wm.  T.  Shaw,  David  Graham, 
and  H.  C.  Metcalf  of  Anamosa,  O.  Cronkhite  and  D.  A.  Carpenter  of  Rome. 

The  partly  graded  road-bed,  between  Lyons  and  Maquoketa,  of  the  exploded 
air  line  road,  found  its  way  into  the  Mississippi,  Maquoketa  &  Western  Company. 
In  March,  1870,  the  Midland  Company  was  organized  at  Des  Moines,  to  build 
a  road  from  Clinton  to  Maquoketa,  with  the  probability  that  it  would  go  farther 
west.  The  Mississippi,  Maquoketa  &  Western  sold  the  road-bed  and  franchise 
to  the  Midland  for  eighteen  thousand  dollars.  The  cars  were  running  into  Ma- 
quoketa in  December,  1870.  A  fortunate  rivalry  springing  up  between  the  Chi- 
cago &  Northwestern,  the  Chicago,  Burlington  &  Quincy  and  the  Chicago,  Mil- 
waukee &  St.  Paul,  enlisted  the  cordial  support  of  the  first  named  road  to  the 
Midland.  William  T.  Shaw  was  president  until  March,  1871,  at  which  time  the 
road  passed  under  complete  control  of  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Company, 
though  a  separate  organization  was  still  maintained.  The  road  was  immediately 
pushed  on  from  Maquoketa  to  Anamosa,  being  completed  to  the  latter  place  in 
October,  1871.  The  citizens  of  the  latter  place  subscribed  about  thirty-five  thou- 
sand dollars  in  stock,  though  little  was  paid,  and  Fairview  township  voted  to 
its  aid  a  three  per  cent,  tax,  amounting  to  nearly  fifteen  thousand  dollars. 

The  Sabula,  Ackley  &  Dakota  Railroad  was  projected  especially  by  the  citi- 
zens of  Ackley  and  Sabula,  and  was  designed  as  a  western  branch  to  connect 
with  the  Western  Union  road  at  Savanna,  Illinois.  The  building  of  the  road 
commenced  in  1870.  The  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul,  jealous  of  the  progress 
of  the  Midland  road,  lent  its  aid  to  the  building  of  the  Sabula,  Ackley  &  Dakota 
enterprise.  A  bitter  rivalry  sprang  up  between  the  two  enterprises,  and  each  did 
what  they  could  to  hinder  the  progress  of  the  other.  The  Northwestern  came 
out  first  in  the  race,  at  least  so  far  as  the  building  of  the  road  is  concerned.  When 
the  cars  were  running  into  Anamosa  over  the  Midland,  the  western  terminus  of 
the  Sabula  road  was  at  Preston,  only  about  twenty  miles  from  its  starting  point. 
In  the  summer  of  1872,  the  road  was  completed  to  Rome,  in  Jones  county.    The 

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western  terminus  of  the  road,  which  now  belongs  to  the  Western  Union  division 
of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Company,  was  Cedar  Rapids.  The  road 
traverses  the  southern  tier  of  townships  of  Jones  county,  passing  through  a  fer- 
tile agricultural  country. 

The  Davenport  &  St.  Paul  Railroad,  was  a  Davenport  enterprise,  whose  chief 
spirit  was  its  president,  Hon.  Hiram  Price.  This  road  passes  through  Wyom- 
ing and  terminates  at  Monticello.  Cascade  made  a  determined  effort  to  secure 
the  road  from  Wyoming  to  that  point,  but  in  vain.  The  cars  over  this  line  were 
running  into  Wyoming,  December  22,  187 1.  The  road  was  later  purchased  by 
the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Company,  and  the  line  extended  north  giving 
direct  connections  with  St.  Paul.  The  corporation,  therefore,  owns  and 
operates  three  lines  of  road  traversing  Jones  county,  viz.,  the  Sabula,  Ackley  & 
Dakota,  now  called  the  C.  &  C.  B.  Division  with  25.54  miles  of  road.  The  Daven- 
port &  Northwestern,  with  27.67  miles  of  road,  and  the  Dubuque  &  Southwest- 
em  with  19,78  miles  of  road,  in  all  a  total  of  72.99  miles  of  road  in  Jones 

In  April,  1868,  a  company  was  organized  under  the  name  of  the  Anamosa  & 
Northwestern  Railroad  Company,  whose  object  was  to  build  a  road  from  Ana- 
mosa northwest,  along  the  Wapsipinicon  Valley,  to  the  northern  boundary  of 
the  state.  The  incorporators  were  James  Jamison,  James  Ironside,  R.  N.  Soper, 
F.  Braun,  William  T.  Shaw,  J.  S.  Stacy,  D.  S.  Lee,.  C.  R.  Scott,  Charles  E.  Kent, 
J.  H.  Fairchild,  E.  C.  Downs,  A.  Hunsicker,  C.  W.  Hastings,  H.  J.  White,  M. 

The  interest  which  might  have  been  enlisted  in  this  enterprise  was  directed 
into  other  channels  by  new  and  unexpected  developments  in  railroad  building, 
about  this  time.  The  project,  therefore,  was  unsuccessful. 

Following  this  effort  at  railroad  building,  there  was  a  season  of  comparative 
quiet  which  continued  for  a  period  of  about  thirty-five  years. 

On  December  21,  1903,  the  Chicago,  Anamosa  &  Northern  Railroad  was  or- 
ganized, with  a  capital  of  one  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars,  supplied 
largely  by  Dubuque  capitalists  and  assisted  with  Anamosa  capital.  The  road 
was  constructed  within  a  short  time  from  Anamosa  to  Coggon  a  distance  of 
twenty  miles.  It  is  proposed  to  continue  the  road  to  Waterloo  during  1910.  The 
new  company  has  leased  the  tracks  of  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railroad 
Company  for  a  mile  and  a  half  out  of  Anamosa,  and  also  the  terminal  and  tracks 
in  Anamosa.  At  the  present  time,  the  C.  A.  &  N.  company  own  no  equipment, 
but  by  contract,  the  company  has  the  use  of  an  engine,  a  combination  coach,  a 
flat  car  and  a  box  car,  property  of  the  Glasser  Equipment  Company  of  Dubuque. 

This  road  has  been  found  to  be  a  great  convenience  to  the  people,  as  well  as 
a  safe  investment  for  the  company.  During  the  year  ending  June  30,  1909,  the 
total  revenue  from  the  road  was  eighteen  thousand,  four  hundred  and  fifty-two 
dollars  and  thirty-two  cents,  and  the  total  operating  expenses  for  the  same 
period,  even  a  thousand,  eight  hundred  and  seventy-one  dollars  and  fourteen 
cents,  leaving  a  balance  of  six  thousand,  five  hundred  and  eighty-one  dollars  and 
eighteen  cents  on  the  right  side  of  the  ledger. 

The  present  officers  of  the  company  are:  president,  Henry. Kiene,  Dubuque; 
vice  president,  D.  C.  Glasser,  Dubuque ;  secretary,  T.  W.  Ruete,  Dubuque ;  trea- 

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surer,  C.  H.  Eigheney,  Dubuque ;  assistant  treasurer,  Paul  Kiene,  Anamosa ;  au- 
ditor, Clifford  L.  Niles,  Anamosa ;  general  manager,  J.  L.  Kdsey,  Anamosa. 


The  number  of  miles  of  railroad  of  each  company  whose  lines  pass  through 
Jones  county,  and  their  valuation  and  assessed  valuation  as  fixed  by  the  board 
of  supervisors  of  Jones  county  for  1909,  is  herewith  given: 

C.  &  C.  B.  Division,  25.54  miles.    Assessed  Valuation  $11,035  P^^  Mile. 

Miles.  Valuation. 

Oxford  township    5.93  $65437.55 

Oxford  Junction 55  6,069.25 

Hale  township   641  70,734-35 

Rome  township   545  60,140.75 

Olin    1.08  11,917.80 

Greenfield  township   542  59,809.70 

Martelle  70  7,724.50 

Dub.  &  S.  W.    19.78  Miles.    Assessed  Valuation  $4,000  per  Mile. 

Miles.  Valuation. 

Fairview   township    4.27  $17,080.00 

Anamosa 1.74  6,960.00 

Cass  township 3.75  15,000.00 

Wayne  township   3.70  14,800.00 

Lovell  township 5.05  20,200.00 

Monticello   f 1.27  5,080.00 

Dav.  &  N.  W.  27.67  Miles.    Assessed  Valuation  $4,000  per  Mile. 

Miles.  Valuation. 

Oxford  township 6.99  $27,960.00 

Oxford  Junction    64  2,560.00 

Wyoming  township 2.46  9,840.00 

Wyoming  City   58  2,320.00 

Madison  township 4.94  19,360.00 

Center  Junction 75  2,920.00 

Scotch.  Grove  township 5.55  22,200.00 

Wayne  township 1.59  6,360.00 

Lovell  township  3.28  ^      13,120.00 

Monticdlo i.oi  4,040.00 

C.  &.  N.  W.     22.98  Miles    Assessed  Valuation  $4,100  per  Mile. 

Miles.  Valuation. 

Onslow 37  $  1,517.00 

Wyoming  township 6.29  25,789.00 

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Madison  township 5.37  22,oijjoo 

Center  Junction   73  3,075.00 

Wayne  township  3.22  13,202.00 

Jackson  township 3.40  13,940.00 

Fairview  township 2.67  10,947.00 

Anamosa   93  3,813.00 

C.  A.  &  N.    4.77  Miles  Assessed  Valuation  $3,000  per  Mile. 

Miles.  Valuation. 

Anamosa    03  $       90.00 

Cass  township 4.74  14,220.00 


The  prodigal  calf  has  had  a  great  deal  to  do  with  making  Jones  county  fa- 
mous. From  the  stormy  shores  of  the  Atlantic  to  the  tranquil  beach  of  the  Pa- 
cific, and  from  the  cold  borders  on  the  north  to  the  bahny  clime  on  the  south, 
the  Jones  county  calf  case,  has  been  heard  of,  and  discussed. 

Robert  Johnson,  the  present  mayor  of  Anamosa,  was  the  principal  party  in 
this  prolonged  and  expensive  litigation  which  began  in  1874  and  continued  for 
over  twenty  years.  A  history  of  this  famous  case  is  worthy  of  a  place  in  the 
pages  of  this  volume,  and  the  same  is  herewith  given. 

Four  calves  the  market  value  of  which  was  twenty-five  dollars,  were  the 
cause  of  the  greatest  lawsuit  in  the  history  of  American  jurisprudence.  The 
litigation  started  by  their  sale  extended  over  a  period  of  twenty  years,  was  tried 
in  seven  different  counties  before  one  hundred  and  fourteen  jurors,  was  four 
times  appealed  to  the  supreme  court  of  the  state,  entailing  fees  amounting  to 
seventy-five  thousand  dollars  for  an  army  of  lawyers,  and  concluded  with  a  final 
judgment  for  one  thousand  dollars  and  court  costs,  amounting  to  two  thousand, 
eight  hundred  and  eighty-six  dollars,  and  eighty-four  cents. 

This  litigation — ^a  monument  to  the  cost  at  which  legal  redress  may  be  se- 
cured by  a  persistent  litigant — is  known  as  the  "Jones  County  Calf  Case,"*  from 
Jones  county,  Iowa. 

Robert  Johnson,  of  Anamosa,  to  vindicate  himself  of  a  criminal  charge  pre- 
ferred against  him  by  a  **Horse  Thief  association"  of  pioneer  days,  fought 
through  this  long  period  against  seven  opponents.  Since  the  conclusion  of  the 
case  five  of  the  defendants  have  died  without  property  and  two  are  yet  alive,  but' 
have  never  gained  a  foothold  since  the  famous  lawsuit  consumed  their  wealth. 
Johnson  has  prospered,  but  by  strange  destiny  of  fate  in  his  every  enterprise  he 
must  cross  swords  with  the  opponents  in  his  long  legal  duel.  When  he  became 
a  candidate  for  mayor  of  his  city  last  spring,  fifteen  years  after  the  settlement  of 
the  suit,  his  opponent  was  B.  H.  Miller,  a  relative  of  one  of  the  defendants  in 
the  twenty  years'  litigation.  Johnson's  record  in  the  "Calf  Case"  for  being  a 
persistent  fighter  together  with  a  platform  for  strict  law  enforcement  and  a  moral 
city,  won  him  the  election.    He  is  mayor  today. 

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C.  E.  Wheeler,  of  Cedar  Rapids,  as  a  young  law  graduate  of  Notre  Dame, 
received  his  first  retainer  from  Robert  Johnson.  He  made  his  maiden  speech  in 
the  **Calf  Case"  and  remained  in  the  litigation  from  beginning  to  end.  He  won 
his  victory  after  opposing  before  the  juries  such  brilliant  orators  as  Ex-Governor 
Horace  Boies,  of  Waterloo.  When  final  judgment  was  rendered  he  was  a  gray- 
haired  old  man  and  a  lawyer  of  experience. 

In  the  early  days  of  Iowa,  Robert  Johnson  was  a  stock  buyer  in  Jones  county. 
In  June,  1874,  he  sold  to  S.  D.  Potter  in  Greene  county  fifty  head  of  calves.  A 
short  time  later  John  Foreman,  one  of  his  neighbors  asserted  that  four  of  the 
calves  belonged  to  him,  and  in  a  Green  county  justice  court,  by  replevin  pro- 
ceedings, recovered  their  possession.  To  reimburse  Mr.  Potter  for  the  value  of 
the  calves  Mr.  Johnson  gave  him  his  note.  He  explained  that  he  had  bought  the 
animals  from  a  stranger  who  gave  the  name  of  Smith.  In  a  country  store  at 
Olin,  the  proprietor  and  several  loungers  heard  the  bargain  made  between  John- 
son and  the  stranger.  Shortly  after  this  proceeding  an  indictment  was  returned 
in  Jones  county  against  Johnson,  charging  him  with  having  stolen  the  four  calves. 
Johnson  and  a  brother  then  went  to  Greene  county  and  had  Potter  point  out  the 
four  claimed  by  Foreman.  They  proved  to  be  high-grade  calves,  whereas  John- 
son had  bought  scrubs  of  Smith.  Then  Johnson  discovered  for  the  first  time 
that  he  had  not  handled  the  Foreman  calves  at  all  and  began  to  believe  he  was 
the  scapegoat  for  another's  crime.  He  refused  to  pay  the  note  he  had  given 
Potter,  on  the  ground  there  was  no  consideration.  Suit  was  commenced  against 
him  in  justice  court,  and  after  a  long  and  expensive  litigation  Johnson  was  de- 
feated and  had  to  pay  the  note,  on  the  ground  it  was  in  the  hands  of  an  innocent 

When  he  was  indicted  Mr.  Johnson  filed  a  motion  to  quash  because  of  a  de- 
fect. The  prosecution  of  Johnson  was  prompted  by  an  organization  of  those 
early  days  known  as  the  "Horse  Thief  association,"  perfected  as  a  protection 
against  the  prevailing  wholesale  stealing  of  stock.  A  few  days  before  the  court 
gave  consideration  to  this  motion  Johnson  found  on  his  horse  block  near  his 
home  a  note,  accompanying  a  piece  of  rope  tied  in  a  hangman's  knot.     It  read: 

"In  view  of  the  present  indictment  we  understand  that  you  calculate  to  have 
the  indictment  set  aside.  We  advise  you  to  appear  and  be  tried  under  the  in- 
dictment with  the  defect,  if  any  exists  or  take  the  lamented  Greeley's  advice  and 
go  west,  or  take  this — " 


Johnson  was  a  fearless  man.  He  pursued  his  motion.  The  indictment  was 
quashed.  Another  was  returned.  A  change  of  venue  was  taken  to  Cedar  county. 
He  was  tried  and  the  jury  disagreed  by  a  vote  of  eleven  for  acquittal  and  one 
for  conviction.  Then  one  night  his  house  and  barn  were  mysteriously  burned 
to  the  ground.    He  was  tried  a  second  time  and  acquitted. 


Johnson  determined  to  have  revenge  and  vindication.  He  gathered  informa- 
tion concerning  the  membership  of  the  *'Horse  Thief  association,"  and  on  May 

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23,  1878,  started  suit  in  Jones  county  for  malicious  prosecution,  demanding  ten 
thousand  dollars  damages  from  E.  V.  Miller,  David  Fall,  George  W.  MiUer,  Abe 
Miller,  John  Foreman,  S.  D.  Potter  and  Herman  Keller.  A  change  of  venue 
was  taken  by  the  defendants  to  Linn  county,  and  from  there  a  change  was  taken 
to  Benton  county.  The  case  was  tried  here  first  with  a  disagreement  of  the  jury, 
It  was  tried  a  second  time  and  Johnson  recovered  a  verdict  of  three  thousand  dol- 
lars. The  court  set  the  verdict  aside.  A  change  of  venue  was  then  taken  to 
Clinton  county.  At  the  conclusion  of  the  trial  there,  Johnson  secured  a  verdict 
for  seven  thousand  dollars.  The  court  set  that  verdict  aside.  A  change  of  venue 
was  then  taken  to  Blackhawk  county.  There  Johnson  again  won.  This  time 
the  jury  said  he  would  have  five  thousand  dollars.  From  this  verdict  the  defend- 
ants appealed  to  the  supreme  court  of  Iowa  and  the  case  was  reversed.  On  the 
next  trial  in  Blackhawk  county,  Johnson  was  awarded,  by  the  jury,  a  verdict  for 
six  thousand  dollars.  From  this  the  defendants  appealed  to  the  supreme  court 
and  again  the  case  was  reversed  by  this  highest  tribunal.  On  the  last  trial  in 
Blackhawk  county  Johnson  recovered  a  verdict  for  one  thousand  dollars  against 
six  of  the  defendants,  the  court  having  instructed  the  jury  to  return  a  verdict 
for  the  defendant,  Herman  Keller,  whose  connection  with  the  "Horse  Thief  as- 
sociation" was  not  proven.  The  six  remaining  defendants  filed  one  motion  to 
arrest  judgement  and  another  for  verdict  for  the  defendants  on  the  ground 
the  findings  were  in  conflict  with  the  general  verdict.  The  judge  having  submit- 
ted certain  specific  questions  for  the  jury  to  answer.  Both  motions  were  over- 
ruled and  judgment  rendered  against  the  six  defendants.  Thereafter  they  ap- 
pealed and  judgment  of  the  lower  court  was  affirmed,  January  27,  1891. 

When  it  came  to  the  payment  of  the  trial  costs  the  defendants  against  whom 
the  verdict  stood  wished  to  pay  but  six-sevenths  of  them,  contending  the  exon- 
erated defendant  should  pay  his  share  of  the  defense.  They  once  more  went  to 
the  supreme  court  on  this  question  and  the  higher  tribunal  directed  the  six  to 
pay  the  total  costs  of  the  defense,  this  last  ruling  was  made  December  20,  1894,  so 
the  case  consumed  from  the  beginning  twenty  years. 

E.  V.  Miller,  Abe  Miller  and  H.  D.  Keller  died  about  the  close  of  the  litiga- 
tion without  property.  John  Foreman  died  about  six  years  ago  and  David  Fall, 
three  years  ago.  George  Miller  is  now  living  in  Anamosa  at  the  age  of  ninety 
years,  with  but  little  property.  S.  D.  Potter  is  still  living  in  Greene  county,  but 
has  no  property. 

Robert  Johnson  is  now  seventy-one  years  old,  having  been  born  in  Delaware 
county,  Ohio,  in  1838.  He  was  married  in  Jones  county  in  1861  to  Miss  Mary 
Saum  and  they  raised  a  daughter  and  son  to  womanhood  and  manhood  during 
the  progress  of  the  Jones  County  Calf  Case.  Concerning  the  suit,  Mr.  Johnson 

"I  know  I  was  right  in  this  case.  I  do  not  regret  the  tiresome  litigation.  My 
honor  and  integrity  were  questioned.  It  pays  to  fight  under  such  circumstances. 
I  lost  my  farm  of  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  and  all  my  property  but  1  feel 
well  repaid.  My  wife,  my  children  and  my  friends  know  now  I  was  innocent, 
and  I  can  look  any  man  in  the  face  without  a  blush." 

Digitized  by 




Catholicity  in  Iowa,  as  in  the  discovery  of  the  country,  was  co-temporaneous 
with  the  footsteps  of  the  first  white  man.  The  Jesuit  missionaries,  Marquette 
and  Joliet,  paddled  their  boat  down  the  Wisconsin  River,  and  entered  the  great 
"Mesipi,"  the  mention  of  which  they  had  heard  from  the  Sioux  Indians,  in  the 
summer  of  1763.  The  view  filled  them  "with  a  joy  that  I  cannot  express,"  says 
Marquette's  record.  These  missionary  explorers  discovered  the  Mississippi  on 
the  17th  of  June,  in  the  year  above  mentioned.  They  were  the  first  Europeans 
in  this  region.  Rowing,  or  drifting  down  the  current,  they  saw  wild  animals, 
wild  birds  and  fishes  in  great  variety,  but  no  sight  or  vestige  of  human  beings, 
until  the  25th  of  June,  when  they  perceived  the  footmarks  of  men  at  the  water's 
edge,  with  a  well-beaten  path  leading  out  to  the  expansive  prairie.  Following 
this  pathway  for  six  miles,  the  two  "Black  Gowns"  came  upon  an  Indian  village, 
of  some  three  hundred  huts,  whose  inhabitants  called  themselves  "Illini"  (men.) 
That  was  the  first  time  a  white  man  had  set  foot  on  the  soil  of  Iowa — "The  Beau- 
tiful Land," — and  there  and  then  the  first  message  of  the  Gospel  of  Christ  was 
imparted  to  the  native  Redskin,  in  his  own  tongue  and  territory,  west  of  the 
Father  of  Waters.  The  noted  pathway,  and  the  historic  landing  occurred,  as 
nearly  as  can  be  ascertained,  at  what  is  now  known  as  Sandusky  creek,  Lee 
county;  and  the  inland  village  was  situated  on  the  borders  of  the  Des  Moines 
river  some  distance  above  Keokuk,  in  the  southeastern  corner  of  this  state, 
After  a  stay  of  four  or  five  days,  Marquette  continued  his  sail  down  the  Missis- 
sippi as  far  as  the  mouth  of  the  Illinois  river.  Changing  his  course,  he  ascended 
this  river,  and  eventually  made  his  way  back  to  his  headquarters  at  the  mission 
of  St.  Ignace,  Michilimackinac,  Michigan.  Two  years  later,  May  19,  1675, 
he  died  at  tb^  mouth  of  the  river  Marquette,  so  called  to  honor  and  perputuate  a 
worthy  name. 

In  1680  Father  Louis  Hennepin,  starting  northward  from  the  Illinois  River, 
undertook  to  explore  the  upper  Mississippi.  Passing  along  the  eastern  borders 
of  Iowa,  it  is  presumable  he  made  some  stops  for  investigation,  and  it  is  not  un- 
likely he  preached,  and  possibly  offered  up  the  Holy  Sacrifice  for  the  first  time 
upon  Iowa  soil. 

With  the  death  of  Father  Potier,  in  1781,  the  Jesuit  missions  in  the  north- 
west were  closed ;  and  for  a  period  of  thirty  years  there  was  no  priest  stationed 
west  of  Detroit. 

In  the  year  1700,  one  Le  Seuer,  a  member  of  a  party  of  French  and  Spanish 
explorers,  entered  the  Gulf  of  Mexico  from  the  Atlantic  ocean,  and  headed 
the  prow  of  their  boat  into  the  mouth  of  the  Mississippi.  They  proceeded  north 
as  far  as  the  present  site  of  Dubuque  City.  They  were  driven  away  by  the 
Indians,  but  not  until  Mr.  LeSeuer  got  an  idea  of  the  mineral  wealth  buried 
in  those  beckoning  bluffs.  Mistaken  as  to  the  material,  he  reported  the  discovery 
of  a  "hill  of  copper."  On  the  strength  of  that  report,  nearly  a  century  later, 
JuHen  Dubuque  set  out  for  the  Eldorado  of  the  west.  But  scant  justice  is  done 
to  the  memory  of  this  most  resourceful  man.  He  was  the  Livingstone  of  his  day, 
ranking  not  unfavorably  with  Lewis  and  Qarke,  and  other  blazers  of  civili- 
zation's trail.    In  fact,  little  or  nothing  was  known  of  his  origin  or  antecedents, 

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until  the  late  M.  M.  Ham,  editor  of  the  Dubuque  Herald,  traced  back  his  record. 
His  birth  and  baptism  are  registered  on  the  loth  of  January,  1762,  at  St,  Pierre, 
district  of  Three  Rivers,  on  the  borders  of  the  St.  Lawrence.  At  the  age  of 
twenty-three,  in  his  youthful  roaming,  he  reached  Prairie  du  Chien;  and  pro- 
ceeding down  the  river,  in  1788,  he  set  his  eyes  and  his  heart  on  the  acquisition 
of  those  valuable  mines.  By  marrying  a  squaw — the  daughter  of  Peosta,  chief 
of  the  Foxes — he  gained  a  title  to  one  hundred  and  forty-eight  thousand,  one 
hundred  and  seventy-one  acres  of  ground,  at  the  mouth  of  the  Catfish  creek, 
where,  with  ten  Canadian  labores,  he  commenced  operations  in  the  "Mines  of 
Spain."  The  same  mines  had  been  previously  worked  to  some  extent  by  a  Mr. 
Cardinal,  and  before  him  again,  by  one  Longe,  who  was  the  first  operator. 

At  the  opening  of  the  nineteenth  century,  Europeans  in  goodly  numbers  be- 
gan steadily  to  advance  upon  the  outposts  of  civilization.  With  the  bravery  of 
desperation,  the  Redmen  fought,  under  their  chief,  Blackhawk,  for  their  birth- 
right and  their  hunting  grounds.  Their  patriotism  was  no  less  admirable  than  it 
was  unavailing.  As  a  result  of  the  last  Blackhawk  war,  terminating  in  1832,  a 
strip  sixty  miles  broad,  along  the  west  bank  of  the  Mississippi,  was  ceded  to  the 
United  States.  At  first  this  was  under  no  judicial  control.  In  1834  it  became 
Michigan  territory.  In  1836  it  was  made  Wisconsin  territory.  In  1838  it  was 
changed  to  Iowa  territory;  and  in  1846  it  received  the  designation  of  the  Great 
State  of  Iowa.  The  first  settlement  in  the  state  was  at  Dubuque.  The  first  two- 
story  log  house,  north  of  St.  Louis  and  west  of  Detroit,  was  built  at  the  cor- 
ner of  Bluff  and  First  streets,  in  1833,  by  Mr.  Patrick  Quigley,  father  of  Dr. 
John  P.  Quigley,  who  at  one  time  kept  a  drug  store  in  Dubuque,  then  lived  in 
the  comforts  of  well  earned  retirement,  and  at  last  moved  to  spend  the  declining 
years  of  age  with  a  son  at  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  where  he  died  some  years  ago. 
Again,  the  star  spangled  banner  was  first  unfurled  on  Iowa  soil,  by  an  Irish- 
man, Nicholas  Carroll,  living  in  the  vicinity  of  Dubuque,  just  after  midnight  pre- 
ceding the  morning  of  the  4th  of  July,  1834. 

For  years  before  what  is  distinguished  as  the  "Blackhawk  Purchase,"  some 
venturesome  immigrants,  generally  French  or  Canadian-French,  had  engaged  in 
fur  trading  and  other  traffic  with  the  Indians,  along  the  Iowa  streams  entering 
the  Mississippi.  Their  religion,  as  far  as  they  had  any  religion,  was  Catholic 
But  Catholicity  is  more  than  a  mere  name.  The  mustard  seed  sown  in  baptism 
without  constant  cultivation,  is  likely  to  become  choked  out  by  the  thorns,  and 
briars,  and  rank  weeds  of  wickedness,  that  grow  up  for  ever  from  the  subsoil  of 
old  Adam's  fallen  nature.  It  is  as  easy  as  it  is  imperative,  for  old-world  Christians, 
in  the  ranks  of  their  coreligionists,  to  keep  step  with  the  moving  procession. 
There  are  temples  "with  groined  arch,  and  vaulted  aisle,"  under  lofty  spires  reared 
by  fraternity's  free  labor,  in  the  Middle  Ages.  Here  it  was  far  different.  No 
mellifluous  sound  of  bell  summoned  the  first  settlers  on  the  Sabbath  morning, 
no  swelling  peal  of  organ  or  trained  choir  charmed  the  worshippers,  no  godly 
man  to  shrive  the  old  or  instruct  the  young,  no  books  or  papers  or  family  devo- 
tions to  keep  by-gone  memories  green  in  their  souls,  no  friends  no  advisers  no 
good  example — it  is  small  wonder  that  the  inhabitants  of  the  log  cabin  gradually 
grew  to  know  little,  and  care  less,  about  religion  in  any  of  its  forms.  If  the 
sources  of  information  are  reliable,  the  pioneer  populace  of  the  lead  mines 

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Former  Pastor  of  Tomplc  Hill  Church,  now  of  Cascade 

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lapsed  in  course  of  time  to  entertain  hardly  any  fear  of  God,  and  hardly  any  re- 
gard for  man.  Of  the  one  thousand  persons  resident  in  the  mines  in  1835,  it  is 
believed  not  more  than  two  hundred  could  be  called  Catholics. 

It  is  a  platitude  to  say  that  the  history  of  the  world  is  the  biography  of  its 
great  men.  It  is  trite  that  the  history  of  the  church  is  the  history  of  the  papacy; 
and  it  is  no  less  tnie  that  parish  history  is  the  history  of  the  successive  pastors 
in  charge.  The  life  story  of  the  pioneer  pastors,  or  missionaries,  was  little  known 
of  men,  much  less  reduced  to  a  written  record.  Their  life  was  an  ordeal  hidden 
in  God,  written  only  in  the  Book  of  Life.  The  recording  angels  were  their  sole 

In  the  late  '30s  of  the  past  century,  occasional  visits  were  made  to  the  scat- 
tered Catholics  at  either  side  of  the  Mississippi,  by  priests  who  had  no  home,  but 
whose  headquarters  were  now  at  Detroit,  now  at  Galena  and  now  at  St.  Louis. 
There  was  no  pastor  resident  in  Iowa  before  the  first  bishop.  In  1837  Dr.  Loras, 
of  Mobile,  Alabama,  was  appointed  bishop  of  Dubuque,  where  he  arrived  to  tiEike 
up  his  residence  in  the  spring  of  1839,  after  having  spent  the  previous  year  in 
his  native  country,  France,  in  quest  of  volunteer  missionaries  to  help  him  minister 
to  the  wants  of  his  new  charge. 

Immigration,  in  large  measure  Irish  and  German,  was  then  pouring  rap-, 
idly  into  the  territory.  In  1843  R^v.  J.  G.  Perrodin,  a  Frenchman,  came  to 
contribute  his  quota  of  "doing  good"  in  this  section.  Father  Jeremiah  Treacy 
was  received  into  the  diocese,  about  the  same  time.  Returning  from  a  visita- 
tion to  Rome  in  1850,  the  bishop  brought  with  him  among  others,  Michael 
Lynch,  who  was  soon  afterward  ordained,  at  Mount  Saint  Bernard,  Key  West, 
four  miles  outside  Dubuque.  He,  too,  joined  the  ranks  in  the  vineyard.  Those 
names  are  mentioned  above  others,  because  they  are  fundamentally  connected 
with  the  history  of  Catholicity  in  Jones  county. 

In  1843  whilst  assisting  at  the  fifth  provincial  council  of  Baltimore,  Bishop 
Loras  effected  arrangements  with  the  Sisters  of  Charity,  Blessed  Virgin  Mary, 
then  stationed  at  Philadelphia,  to  move  to  Iowa.  They  located  their  mother 
house  ten  miles  west  of  Dubuque,  on  the  Cascade  road,  where  also  they  estab- 
lished a  boarding  academy. 

In  1849  ^  branch  of  the  Cistercian  order  of  monks,  commonly  called  Trap- 
pists,  laid  the  foundation  of  their  monastery  at  New  Melleray,  where  the  dio- 
cesan bishop  donated  them  a  large  tract  of  land.  This,  too,  was  situated  west  of 
the  city,  near  what  is  known  as  the  United  States  Military  road,  running  from 
Dubuque  to  Iowa  City,  then  the  state  capital. 

Four  miles  west  of  the  city  the  bishop  erected  and  opened  an  ecclesiastical 
college  or  seminary,  called  Mount  Saint  Bernard's,  which  its  founder  expected 
might  possibly  grow  with  the  growth  of  years,  until  it  equaled  the  old  seats  of 
learning  to  which  the  thousands,  thirsty  for  knowledge,  came  to  sit  in  their  shadow 
and  partake  of  the  intellectual  pabulum  that  fell  from  their  chairs. 

Near  this  college,  the  brothers  of  Christian  Instruction,  a  teaching  com- 
munity from  Puy,  France,  laid  the  nucleus  of  a  novitiate  of  their  order,  under 
the  name  of  New  Paradise  Grove,  whose  graduates  were  supposed  to  supply  in 
future  years  all  the  needs  of  pedagogy,  in  the  state  and  beyond  it. 

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The  star  of  Bethlehem,  like  the  "star  of  empire,"  westward  wends  its  way. 
Ail  the  above  hopeful  ecclesiastical  foundations  were  set  to  the  west  of  Dubuque. 
It  is  easy  to  perceive  how  such  promising,  if  not  yet  prosperous  institutions  at- 
tracted a  large  number  of  the  class  of  Catholics  who  wished  above  all  to  live  in 
a  religious  atmosphere  and  secure  their  families  safe  in  the  faith  of  their  fore- 
fathers. The  vicinity  of  the  monastery  consisted  largely  of  immigrants  drawn 
thither  by  the  name  and  fame  of  the  brothers.  They  were  the  "guides,  philoso- 
phers, and  friends"  of  the  entire  neighborhood.  They  well  deserved  it.  "There 
were  giants  in  the  earth  in  those  days."  Brother  Murphy  was  acknowledged  uni- 
versally as  among  the  ablest  business  men  of  his  day.  Father  Bernard  concealed 
under  his  coarse  "cowl"  more  mental  and  mystic  wisdom  than  many  a  head  that 
wears  a  mitre. 

Garryovven  was  probably  the  first  rural  mission  to  which  a  resident  priest 
was  assigned.  Its  limits  extended  into  the  surrounding  counties,  Jackson,  Du- 
buque and  Jones.  Jones  is  next  on  the  west.  Cascade  is  partly  in  Dubuque,  and 
partly  in  Jones  county.    Its  two  Catholic  churches  stand  on  the  county  line. 

Honor  to  whom  honor  is  due.  To  Washington  township  belongs  the  credit 
of  being  the  cradle  of  Catholicity  in  Jones  county.  Catholics  began  to  settle 
there  as  early  as  1839,  ^^^  ^Y  John  Glenn,  Daniel  Curley,  and  James  McDermott, 
uncle  of  Supervisor  T.  J.  Finn.  Their  nearest  church  was  ten  miles  distant  (Gar- 
ryowen),  to  which  they  regularly  drove  by  ox-teams.  Father  Perrodin  was  resi- 
dent, or  rather  itinerary  pastor.  He  was  a  learned  man  and  published  a  treatise 
on  Christian  doctrine,  prefaced  by  a  brief  sketch  of  the  author's  life,  which  is  still 
preserved  as  precious  heirloom  in  almost  every  home  of  his  ministrations.  He 
left  in  1851,  and  died  in  Dubuque,  where  he  lies  buried,  in  the  old  cemetery,  on 
Third  street  hill.  He  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  J.  Treacy,  whose  circuit  included 
all  the  northern  tier  of  townships,  as  far  at  least  as  Castle  Grove,  where  we 
shall  hear  of  him  later  in  this  connection.  Father  Treacy  was  in  many  respects 
much  above  the  ordinary.  Like  the  fabled  warrior  of  old,  who  was  invincible  as 
long  as  he  kept  his  feet  upon  the  ground,  this  good  man  foresaw  the  absolute 
necessity  of  his  countrymen  settling  down  on  the  land — their  own  land — if  ever 
they  should  expect  to  rise  above  the  rank  of  "hewers  of  wood,  and  drawers  of 
water."  Another  Moses,  he  appeared  in  New  York  to  lead  a  colony  of  his 
chosen  people  from  the  city  slavery  to  the  possession  of  the  western  promised 
land,  which  the  "I-ord  hath  given  to  the  sons  of  men."  Archbishop  Hughes,  then 
in  his  heyday,  drove  the  "crazy  crusader"  out  of  the  city.  The  prelate  lived  long 
enough  to  acknowledge  that  the  poor  western  priest's  judgment  was  superior 
to  his  own.  In  1856  Father  Treacy  organized  an  Irish  colony  in  Dubuque,  which 
he  accompanied  through  Independence,  Fort  Dodge  and  Sioux  City,  to  a  point 
twelve  miles  farther  west,  where  they  formed  a  settlement  which  was  first 
named  St.  Johns,  but  is  now  known  as  Jackson,  Nebraska.  He  afterward  went 
into  the  Civil  war,  as  chaplain,  under  General  Rosecrans,  administering  to  both 
armies.  In  1879  he  was  stricken  with  paralysis,  and  ten  years  later  died  in  the 
Alexian  Brothers'  Hospital,  St.  Louis,  not  having  spoken  an  intelligible  word  for 
five  years. 

Rev.  P.  Maginnis  came  from  Garryowen,  and  was  the  first  resident  pastor 
in  Washington  township,  or  in  Jones  county.     He  erected  the  first  church,  a 

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frame  structure  attached  to  the  district  school,  both  virtually  forming  one  build- 
ing. He  also  gave  the  place  the  name  of  Temple  Hill,  from  the  fact  that  the 
church  or  temple  was  erected  on  an  elevation  overlooking  the  surrounding  coun- 
try. Thomas  Finn,  father  of  Patrick  Finn,  and  uncle  of  Supervisor  T.  J.  Finn, 
donated  five  acres,  out  of  the  forty  which  he  then  possessed,  for  a  church  site. 
It  was  dedicated  to  St.  Peter.  Cascade,  although  having  had  a  church  since  1845, 
was  at  this  time  an  out  mission  attended  from  Temple  Hill.  Father  Maginnis, 
after  leaving  this  place,  drifted  to  different  parts  of  the  country  and  even  to  Aus- 
tralia, where  he  remained  for  several  years.  Finally  returning,  as  he  used  to  say, 
to  the  "old  hunting  grounds"  like  the  chased  hare  described  by  Goldsmith,  that 
came  to  die  at  the  starting  point — he  ended  his  varied  career  at  Clinton,  having 
spent  the  closing  years  of  his  usefulness  as  assistant  priest  in  Deep  Creek,  now 
Petersville,  the  same  county. 

Rev.  Alexander  Hamilton  was  next,  of  whom  nothing  can  be  learned  more 
than  the  name. 

Rev.  John  O'Connor  succeeded  in  i860.  During  his  pastorate  the  old  church, 
and  all  the  records  were  destroyed  by  fire.  Hence  the  loss  of  preexisting  data. 
Rev.  J.  V.  Ctmningham  became  pastor  in  1862.  At  the  close  of  the  war,  the 
congregation,  then  numbering  one  htmdred  and  thirty-nine  families,  took  steps 
to  replace  the  burned  building.  They  completed  a  new  stone  structure  in  1866. 
Rev.  M.  Lynch,  residing  in  Cascade,  with  Father  Mcintosh  as  copastor,  held 
charge  of  both  churches  from  1867  to  1872.  The  former  died  in  Holy  Cross, 
Dubuque  county,  the  latter  died  suddenly  on  the  road,  near  Temple  Hill. 

Rev.  Laurence  Roche  arrived  in  the  fall  of  1872,  immediately  after  his  or- 
dination. Overflowing  with  animation,  ability  and  the  fervent  zeal  of  youth,  he 
built  the  present  parochial  residence,  also  a  church  in  Onslow,  ten  miles  away, 
which  he  attended  regularly,  during  his  four  years'  stay.  He  still  lives  in  Cas- 
cade. That  nearly  two  score  years  of  strenuousness  has  not  yet  diminished  his 
vigor  or  dimmed  his  successful  zeal  is  demonstrable  by  the  beautiful  church  and 
all  the  parochial  accompaniments  which  stand  to  his  everlasting  credit,  in  the  little 
town  of  his  present  habitat.  His  name  should  go  shining  down  the  diocesan 

Rev.  Daly  was  pastor  from  1876  to  1880;  Rev.  Edmund  Farrell,  from  1880  to 
1890;  Rev.  William  Convery,  from  1890  to  1902.  He  enlarged  the  church, 
added  a  very  respectable  school,  which  is  in  charge  of  the  Franciscan  sisters,  from 
Dubuque.    It  was  opened  in  1889. 

The  present  encumbent,  Rev.  P.  J.  Coffey  has  held  the  position  since  1902. 
His  single  minded  life  is  devoted  unreservedly  to  the  duties  of  his  office.  Hav- 
ing meritedly  gained  the  confidence,  combined  with  the  generosity  of  his  people, 
he  has  made  wonderful  improvements  in  the  church  and  surroundings.  Addi- 
tional schoolroom  has  been  well  provided,  over  an  extensive  basement,  which 
is  furnished  with  culinary  requisites,  and  a  hall  for  church  entertainments. 

Altogether  the  mother  church  of  Jones  county  is  one  to  which  both  its  pastor 
and  people  can  point  with  just  pride.  Standing  on  a  forty-acre  plot,  its  mag- 
nificent spire  points  to  heaven  from  the  summit  of  a  gently  sloping  hill.  The 
grounds  are  ornamented  with  shade  trees,  cement  walks,  and  terraces.  The  par- 
ishioners, among  whom  but  few  non-Catholics,  are  all  prosperous  and  happy. 

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Contented  in  their  present  circumstances,  they  live  in  peace,  friendship  and  unity, 
faithful  alike  to  their  fathers'  church  and  their  fathers'  God.  And  as  they  live 
harmoniously  here,  they  are  satisfied  in  the  hope  that  they  will  "sleep  hereafter 
the  sleep  of  the  just"  in  union,  or  reunion,  in  the  pretty  little  cemetery  behind 
their  house  of  prayer. 

The  following  came  to  the  locality  previous  to  1850,  besides  those  already 
named:  Thos.  Moran,  Patrick  Donahoe,  Michael  Flanagan,  John  Finn,  Thos. 
McNally,  Michael  Geraghty,  Thomas  Devanny,  John  Lang,  Thomas  Morrisson, 
Thomas  Leonard,  Malachi  and  Michael  Kelly,  Michael  (Squire)  Kinney  with  five 
brothers — Dennis,  Patrick,  Martin,  William,  and  Thomas.  There  may  possibly 
be  others  whose  names  are  not  remembered. 


Passing  the  geographical  and  topographical  aspects  of  the  county  seat,  also 
political  and  civic  considerations  which  form  no  part  of  our  immediate  concern, 
leaving  aside,  too,  the  general  religious  history  of  the  locality  in  whch  we  con- 
stitute but  a  rather  small  fragmentary  portion,  our  contribution  to  the  present  work* 
will  have  to  do  with  the  Catholic  church  only. 

Comparatively  short  as  it  may  seem  since  the  first  nucleus  of  an  organization 
of  this  denomination  in  Anamosa,  yet  all  official  record  of  it  is  lost,  if  it  ever  was 
reduced  to  writing;  and,  indeed,  all  remembrance  of  it  is  nearly  effaced  from  the 
tablets  of  memory.  The  world — physical,  intellectual,  social,  and  ecclesiastical — 
moves  very  rapidly,  history  is  made  day  after  day,  the  common-place  events  of 
yesterday  are  the  history  of  today.  Is  it  just  because  events  are  common-place 
that  people  do  not  think  worth  while  to  remember,  much  less  to  make  a  note  of 
them  ?  It  is  impossible  at  this  date  to  tell  when  the  first  Catholic  settled  in  Ana- 
mosa, or  who  he  was ;  it  is  not  known  when  the  first  Catholic  missionary  visited 
those  parts,  or  who  he  was ;  and  it  is  a  matter  of  very  unreliable  conjecture  when 
the  first  Catholic  congregation  was  organized  in  this  conununity.  It  may  be  the 
records  were  lost  or  destroyed ;  it  is  much  more  likely  they  never  were  made  out 
in  a  form  that  could  be  preserved. 

As  remarked  above,  it  is  beyond  doubt  that  the  first  Catholic  settlers  in  the 
county  came  into  Washington  township  at  the  northeast  corner,  in  the  late  '30s  of 
the  last  century.  In  those  days,  when  railroads  were  a  thing  of  the  future,  all 
travel  was  by  ox-teams,  horseback,  stage-coach,  or  the  oldest  of  all  methods  of 
locomotion,  on  foot.  The  current  of  communication  ran  from  Dubuque  to  the 
state  capital,  along  the  famous  highway  known  as  the  Military  road — established 
by  the  national  government  in  1839 — through  Cascade,  to  Anamosa,  where  horses 
were  exchanged  at  the  Waverly  Hotel,  in  the  down-town  district,  now  dubbed  as 
Dublin,  to  Fairview,  then  a  promising  village,  Marion,  and  Iowa  City,  the  capital. 
A  four-horse  coach  ran  daily  over  this  route,  commencing  in  1844.  Cedar  Rapids 
and  Monticello  were  yet  of  minor  note  on  the  map. 

The  middle  '50s  mark  a  turning  point  in  the  life  of  Anamosa.  Two  great 
railroads,  the  Iowa  Central  Air  Line,  east  and  west,  and  what  was  called  the  Ram's 
Horn,  north  and  south,  from  Dubuque  to  Keokuk,  both  incorporated  in  1852  and 
both  surveyed  to  pass  through  Anamosa,  made  this  city  a  center  of  anticipated 

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growth  and  prosperity.  Both  of  these  roads  could  have  been  built,  and  the  city's 
anticipations  abundantly  realized,  if  men  were  only  honest;  but  unfortunately 
the  "noblest  work  of  God" — ^an  honest  man — ^was  as  scarce  then  as  he  is  now.  The 
first  named  railroad  "suicided  through  reckless  management  and  open  rascality," 
the  latter  road  proved  a  failure  except  for  the  small  part  of  it  called  the  Dubuque 
Western.  This  fraction,  for  which  Anamosa  is  principally  indebted  to  the  late 
Colonel  W.  T.  Shaw,  gave  the  first  impetus  to  send  here  that  class  of  people  who 
are  not  afraid  of  hard  work,  who  build  the  railroads,  make  the  prairie  blossom  and 
propagate  the  hmnan  race.  Some  of  them  came  and  went  to  follow  the  old  avoca- 
tion of  railroading  elsewhere ;  some  of  them  staid  to  make  homes  in  this  city  or 
surrounding  country.  Our  best  inquiry  cannot  make  certain  the  name  of  the  pre- 
cursor. Like  the  leaders  of  many  other  movements,  his  name  is  lost  in  the  morn- 
ing haze  of  time  immemorial.    This  is  as  far  as  our  information  goes  r 

P.  McCaflFrey  and  a  man  named  Kelly  lived  here  in  1855,  when  John  Henley, 
(father  of  Mrs.  McGreevy),  Phillip  Flannery,  (father  of  Mrs.  Spellmann)  and 
Jas.  O'Donnell,  (uncle  of  Mrs.  B.  McLaughlin,  Sr.),  reached  this  place  en  route 
from  Cascade.  In  the  following  year  P.  Wallace,  and  James  Dorsey  came  upon 
the  scene.  The  latter  journeyed  afoot  all  the  way  from  Farley,  carrying  his 
worldly  effects  in  the  proverbial  grip-sack.  The  winter  of  1856-57  was  counted 
the  coldest  experience  "within  the  memory  of  the  oldest  inhabitant."  Cattle  were 
seen  standing  in  the  yards  frozen  fast  in  death.  James  Spellman  formed  one  of  a 
searching  party  who  found  a  family  named  Wade  in  the  snow  frozen  on  the  prai- 
rie near  Langworthy.  The  newcomers  vowed  that  if  they  survived  the  season's 
severity,  they  should  never  more  set  foot  on  Iowa  soil.  But  the  breath  of  spring 
which  melted  away  the  snow,  just  as  eflfectually  melted  away  the  migratory  mood 
from  the  minds  of  the  home-hunters.  The  building  of  the  railroad  from  Farley 
was  commenced  in  1857.  A  large  influx  of  immigrants,  anticipating  the  results, 
rushed  to  Anamosa,  among  them  a  goodly  number  of  Catholics,  merchants; 
mechanics,  laborers,  and  farmers,  (E.  C.  Holt,  Maurice  Cavanagh,  John  Hayes). 
In  1858  and  1859,  ^ts  the  road  was  nearing  Anamosa,  whilst  a  few  families  re- 
mained in  Langworthy,  Jno.  Fleming,  M.  Mulconery,  and  M.  Doyle,  the  greater 
number  came  and  settled  in  the  city — P.  Morrissey,  Tom  English,  B.  McLaughlin, 
F.  O'Rourke,  M.  Casey,  H.  White,  John  Murphy,  Foley  Brothers,  Chesire  Broth- 
ers, Gavin  Brothers.  Most  of  those  are  long  since  resting  in  their  last  sleep,  some 
are  pitifully  consigned  to  the  grave  of  oblivion,  and,  sad  to  relate,  not  a  few  of 
them  were  lost  to  the  roll  of  religion  for  which  they  and  their  forebears  were  ready 
to  shed  their  blood.  Besides  the  settlers  in  the  city,  a  far  greater  number  of 
steadfast  adherents  to  the  old  faith  cast  their  lot  in  the  outlying  country — Stone 
City  quarries,  Fairview,  Langworthy,  Prairieburg,  and  the  Buffalo  Creek  prairie. 
For  want  of  better  opportunities,  they  drove  ten  or  twelve,  and  some  as  far  as 
fourteen  miles  to  church.  Their  naines  are  worthy  of  being  written  in  letters  of 
gold ;  but  they  are  too  numerous  to  be  recounted  in  the  space  at  our  disposal.  For 
years  the  facilities  of  church  attendance  were  like  angels'  visits,  "few  and  far 
between."  When  an  itinerant  missionary  happened  to  pass  along,  or  write  before- 
hand announcing  his  intended  visit,  a  courier  carried  the  word  from  house  to 
house,  and  the  little  crowd  assembled  in  some  shanty  or  log  cabin,  where  their 

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prayers  ascended  to  heaven's  throne,  with  as  much  heartfelt  devotion  as  in  St. 
Peter's  at  Rome. 

The  first  house  in  which  mass  was  celebrated  in  this  city  is  said  to  have  been 
a  small  frame,  behind  E.  M.  Harvey's  residence.  It  was  owned  at  the  time  by 
Colonel  Shaw,  who  himself  lived  in  a  much  smaller  place  situated  across  the  road 
from  the  fair  grounds,  a  short  distance  west  of  the  slaughter  house.  Preparing 
as  he  was  for  the  erection  of  the  brick  dwelling  near  his  father-in-law,  Mr.  Crane, 
on  Strawberry  Hill,  where  he  long  lived  in  later  years,  he  put  up  the  studding, 
with  roof,  of  a  low  barn-like  structure,  in  the  fall  of  1858.  When  work  was 
stopped  by  the  cold  winter  weather,  he  tacked  around  the  outside  some  pieces  of 
carpet,  sheets  and  paper,  and  there  he  made  his  habitat  for  a  whole  year.  The 
first  itinerant  priest  made  his  presence  known  in  town,  and  sought  some  place  to 
hold  services.  The  colonel  readily  proffered  the  use  of  his  new  building,  such  as 
it  was,  and  further  offered  him  the  hospitality  of  his  own  home  whilst  the  priest 
staid  here.  Early  on  the  following  morning,  when  a  few  of  the  Catholic  men 
hastened  to  the  unfinished  house,  to  light  a  fire,  sweep  up  and  fix  a  table  in  lieu 
of  the  altar,  they  found  that  the  good  colonel  had  anticipated  their  intentions,  and 
with  his  own  hands  prepared  everything  in  perfect  shape  for  the  occasion. 

After  this,  a  log  house,  the  residence  of  James  O'Donnell,  at  the  bend  of  the 
road,  close  by  the  northeast  corner  of  the  Driving  Park,  served  the  purposes  of 
a  Catholic  chapel,  for  some  time.  Increasing  numbers  impelled  them  to  provide 
larger,  if  not  more  suitable  quarters.  They  next  secured  the  use  of  the  county 
courthouse,  then  located  on  a  knoll  at  the  extreme  west  end  of  town,  in  a  frame 
adjoining  a  two-story  brick  (this  latter  used  for  other  county  offices)  still  to  be 
seen  at  the  lower  end  of  Main  street.  This  courthouse  was  moved  away,  and 
turned  to  other  uses ;  and  for  some  length  of  time  court  was  held  in  the  Odd  Fel- 
low's hall,  east  of  the  Gillen  House  (hotel).  Whether  it  was  the  congruity  of 
propounding  and  expounding  and  pounding  the  divine  and  civil  law  from  the  same 
tribunal,  or  that  in  the  case  at  issue  "necessity  has  no  law"*  anyway  both  the  Epis- 
copalians and  the  Catholics  again  resorted  to  the  courthouse  to  perform  their  devo- 
tional exercises  and  hear  the  law  of  the  gospel.  Later  on,  in  a  room  which  was 
then  the  "City  Hall,"  over  Gordon's  Store,  in  the  same  block,  the  same  two  so- 
cieties, Episcopal  and  Catholic,  held  their  Sabbath  services  successively. 

The  first  mention  we  find,  or  perhaps  more  true  to  say,  the  first  steps  taken, 
toward  the  erection  of  a  Catholic  church  in  Anamosa,  is  when  Colonel  Shaw, 
with  characteristic  enterprise  and  generosity,  donated  two  lots  for  a  building 
site,  on  the  corner  of  First  and  Garnavillo  streets,  where  the  Episcopal  and 
Methodist  Churches  were  afterward  located.  This  property  was  transferred  to 
the  diocese,  through  Father  Slattery,  who  was  then  stationed  at  Cascade,  but 
visited  Anamosa,  during  the  building  of  the  railroad,  at  certain  regular  intervals. 
For  reasons,  whether  wise  or  religious  will  never  be  determined,  these  beautiful 
lots  were  sold,  and  the  receipts  expended  for  the  purchase  of  some  ground 
away  back  on  the  hill,  at  the  other  side  of  town  where  a  brick  church  was  built, 
in  a  spot  as  inconvenient  as  it  was  unsightly.  In  justice  perhaps  it  ought  to  be 
mentioned,  that  the  then  diocesan.  Bishop  Smyth,  when  he  heard  of  this  oc- 
currence, voluntarily  offered  to  refund  the  total  amount  realized  from  the  trans- 
action, two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars.    The  colonel  scouted  the  proposition. 

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The  first  church,  at  the  northwest  corner  of  town,  was  a  simple  structure, 
fifty  by  thirty  feet,  without  spire  or  ornament  indicative  of  its  use.  It  was  built 
aknost  entirely  by  the  free  labor  of  a  few  devoted  sons  of  St.  Patrick.  Ah !  but 
what  they  may  have  lacked  in  numbers,  they  more  than  made  up  for  in  strength 
of  muscle  and  in  strength  of  soul.  Money  was  a  scarce  article  in  those  days, 
but  the  faith  that  moves  mountains  and  the  muscle  that  moves  dirt  and  the  spirit 
that  builds  churches  was  not  scarce  as  it  is  now.  Five  men  dug  the  foundation. 
The  senior  "Barney"  McLaughlin  dug  the  first  sod,  and  no  one  will  deny  that 
there  was  a  man  behind  the  spade.  On  the  good  work  went,  with  willing  hands 
and  hearts — ^no  shirking,  and  no  such  thing  as  growing  tired — each  toiler  was 
anxious  to  do  more  than  his  brother.  It  would  remind  one  of  the  Middle  Ages, 
when  "free  labor"  built  the  famous  cathedrals  of  Europe.  They  quarried  the  rock 
and  hauled  it,  they  hauled  the  sand  and  brick  and  wood.  Thomas  Holt,  with 
three  sons  and  a  nephew,  all  expert  stonemasons  and  bricklayers,  were  not  long 
putting  up  walls  that  most  competent  judges  pronounced,  fifty  years  afterward, 
the  best  piece  of  workmanship  that  they  had  ever  examined.  The  only  cash  con- 
tributions are  said  to  be  one  hundred  dollars  from  Philip  Flannery,  who  was  then 
in  the  army,  where  he  died  and  one  hundred  dollars  by  Maurice  Mulconery, 
uncle  of  Maurice  Fay,  who  was  roadmaster  on  the  Dubuque  &  Southwestern 
Railroad.  This  money  was  used  to  buy  brick.  It  was  completed  in  1861,  and  at 
its  opening  was  entirely  free  of  debt.  There  is  no  written  account  attainable  of 
the  formalities  attending  its  dedication — ^no  recollection,  not  even  a  tradition  of 
the  date,  or  of  any  particulars  of  the  function.  A  local  print  says :  "It  was  dedi- 
cated by  Bishop  Smith,  assisted  by  several  of  the  clergy." 

As  mentioned  in  a  preceding  notice  on  the  church  in  Washington  township, 
the  principal  thoroughfare  of  traffic  in  the  early  *6os  ran  from  Dubuque  west- 
ward. Accordingly,  all  ministerial  attendance  might  be  expected  to  come  here, 
by  way  of  stage,  from  Cascade,  or  Temple  Hill.  So  it  was.  Fathers  Slattery, 
Cunningham  and  O'Connor  paid  regular  visits  in  the  order  of  succession  speci- 
fied ;  also  occasionally  Fathers  Pickenbrock,  Rehnoldt,  and  in  response  to  special 
calls  Father  Cogan,  of  Monticello,  Bernard,  of  New  Melleray  Monastery,  Treacy 
of  Garryowen,  Sheils,  of  Independence,  and  Paul  Gillespie,  C.  S.  C,  of  Holy 
Cross,  now  Key  Stone. 

After  the  railroad,  the  building  of  which  was  temporarily  suspended  during 
the  war,  had  reached  Marion,  in  1865,  ^^^  some  time  later  was  extended  as  far 
as  Cedar  Rapids,  the  clergymen  charged  with  the  Catholic  interests  of  Anamosa 
came  by  rail  from  the  west  end  of  the  line.  Rev.  John  Sheils  attended  to  Catholic 
wants  here  for  a  rather  long,  though  broken  period,  and  at  one  time  had  a  fixed 
residence  at  Anamosa,  in  a  little  house  at  the  lower  end  of  town.  His  first  re- 
corded baptism  was  October  2,  1857,  and  his  last,  January  4,  1868.  He  lies 
buried,  in  a  raised  tomb,  at  the  left-hand  side  of  the  walkway,  between  the  street 
and  the  door  of  the  Catholic  church  at  Waverly,  Iowa.  During  a  gap  in  his  pas- 
torate, Rev.  P.  V.  McLaughlin,  a  young  man  raised  in  Dubuque,  acted  as  pastor, 
or  substitute,  for  a  few  months  from  January  to  May,  1867.  He  also  made  his 
residence  here,  in  a  small  house,  off  Park  avenue  to  the  northwest  of  Doctor 
Skinner's.  His  next  appointment,  in  May,  1867,  was  to  St.  Mary's  church,  Qin- 
ton,  where  "he  labored  acceptably  and  successfully  in  the  interests  of  the  church. 

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and  was  greatly  beloved  by  his  people,"  up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  January  i6^ 
1879.  He  is  buried  under  the  altar  in  his  church.  His  successor,  and  the  present 
pastor  of  St.  Mary's,  is  his  brother,  Dean  E.  J.  AIcLaughlin,  whom  many  old  set- 
tlers well  remember  as  a  small  bright  boy,  running  over  the  hills,  whilst  he  staid 
here  on  a  visit  with  his  elder  brother. 

In  1868  Rev.  B.  C.  Cannon,  stationary  pastor  at  Cedar  Rapids,  paid  monthly 
visits  to  Anamosa,  besides  attending  calls  of  emergency.  After  various  subse- 
quent vicissitudes,  he  closed  his  labors  as  chaplain  at  the  Franciscian  orphanage, 
Dubuque,  some  ten  or  twelve  years  ago. 

The  next  succeeding  pastor  at  Cedar  Rapids,  Rev.  Clement  Lowery,  also  con- 
tinued to  make  periodical  visitations  to  Anamosa,  in  1869  and  1870,  sometimes 
on  Sunday,  and  sometimes  on  week  days,  as  this  was  one  of  thirteen  missions  in 
his  circuit.  Then  as  now,  in  the  southern  tier  of  townships  of  this  county,  there 
were  very  few  Catholics.  Among  the  few  was  M.  D.  Corcoran.  He  writes:  "I 
came  to  Jones  county,  the  isth  of  April,  1856.  For  the  first  year  I  never  saw  a 
person  of  my  race  or  religion.  Then  Mr.  John  Gorman,  with  four  Englishmen, 
came  from  Illinois,  and  joined  in  a  contract  to  build  seven  miles  of  the  Air  Line 
Railroad.  I  hastened  to  see  him.  Imagine  the  joy  of  meeting  a  friend  in  a  desert, 
of  Robinson  Crusoe  meeting  a  brother  on  the  lonely  island !  We  were  the  only 
two  Irishmen  that  either  had  any  knowledge  of.  It  served  to  form  a  friendship 
between  us  that  nothing  but  death  could  or  did  dissolve."  Mr.  Corcoran  is  still 
one  of  us,  living  with  his  sons  in  Missouri. 

Rev.  P.  J.  Maher,  of  blessed  memory,  was  cradled  on  the  banks  of  the  Suir, 
six  miles  above  the  city  of  Waterford,  Ireland.  Having  made  his  classical  and 
ecclesiastical  studies  at  St.  John's  College  in  that  city,  he  was  ordained  at  Pen- 
tecost, 1870,  affiliated  to  the  diocese  of  Dubuque.  After  the  usual  season  of  rest 
and  recreation,  he  emigrated  to  his  chosen  field  of  labor  and  received  his  first  ap- 
pointment as  pastor  of  Anamosa,  where  he  arrived  to  take  up  his  residence  in 
November  of  the  same  year.  He  was  supposed  by  many  to  be  a  rather  quaint 
character,  with  unconventional  ways;  but  he  impressed  his  personality  on  the 
church  and  community  as  few  men  can  do.  In  fact,  he  may  be  said  to  have  in- 
spired new  life  and  vision  into  the  church.  Immediately  on  assuming  charge  he 
addressed  himself  to  his  entrusted  duties  with  a  zeal  and  fidelity  that  soon  told. 
At  first  he  boarded  at  the  home  of  Henry  Jackman,  and  at  John  Stafford's ;  later 
he  rented  a  house  south  of  the  union  depot,  where  he  lived  until  he  built  the 
present  pastoral  residence,  on  a  square  acre  of  ground  purchased  from  Dr.  Sales, 
at  the  comer  of  Broadway  and  High  street.  He  had  nothing  to  begin  with,  except 
the  four  walls  of  the  little  brick  church  on  the  hill.  Soon  finding  that  this  had 
outlived  its  usefulness  for  the  increasing  congregation  he  advocated  a  new  build- 
ing. The  foundation  of  a  commodious  substantial  stone  edifice,  one  hundred 
and  ten  by  forty-six,  was  laid  in  1875.  The  comer  stone  is  inscribed  "August 
22,  1876."  It  was  carried  to  completion  in  due  time,  and,  after  some  ad- 
ditional improvements  of  a  sacristy  and  vestibule,  was  made  ready  for  dedication 
September  12,  1880.  Diocesan  Bishop  Hennessy  had  come  to  the  city,  but  being 
prevented  by  illness  from  officiating,  he  delegated  Rev.  James  Brady,  of  Farley, 
to  act  in  his  stead.  The  sermon  was  by  Rev.  Thomas  Rowe  of  West  Dubuque, 
later  of  Strawberr)'  Point,  where  he  died,  July  22,  1904.    A  local  paper  describes 

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the  preacher  as  "a  young  man  with  much  dignity  of  carriage  and  a  clear,  bright 
face,  who  deHvered  a  plain  matter-of-fact  discourse — a  message  of  beneficence  to 
the  good  Catholics  of  St.  Patrick's  parish — some  passages  of  which  were  illu- 
minated with  exalted  eloquence."  The  music  was  in  charge  of  Miss  Jennie  Sales, 
daughter  of  Dr.  Sales,  now  a  star  vocaHst  in  the  metropolitan  theaters  of  Europe. 
Father  Maher  also  attended  an  out  mission,  on  the  Buffalo  Creek  prairie,  where 
he  built  a  church  two  miles  south  of  Prairieburg.  He  made  an  attempt,  too,  to 
utilize  the  vacated  brick  church  building  for  the  purposes  of  a  parochial  school, 
but  the  effort  proved  a  failure.  There  is  a  cant  clerical  phrase  to  the  effect  that 
the  minister  who  builds  a  church  builds  himself  outside  of  it.  A  year  after  put- 
ting the  top  stone  on  the  Anamosa  church,  its  builder  exchanged  places  with  the 
pastor  of  DeWitt,  Clinton  county,  Iowa.  There  he  remained  up  to  the  time  of 
his  death,  October  3,  1904. 

Rev.  Thomas  McCormick  accepted  the  spiritual  direction  of  his  coreligionists 
at  Anamosa,  in  November,  1881,  and  retained  it  for  more  than  four  years.  Little 
is  known  of  his  antecedents  or  birthplace.  However,  the  brief  period  of  his  pas- 
torate represents  some  steps  of  good  progress.  He  was  a  man  who  did  things. 
Ehiring  his  time  the  Catholic  cemetery,  which  was  first  a  Httle  patch  on  the  side 
hill,  behind  the  old  brick  church,  and  then  moved  to  a  worse  site  some  two  miles 
outside  the  city,  was  removed  back,  and  permanently  located  on  a  most  charming 
plat  of  ten  acres,  on  a  rising  ground  close  by  town,  on  the  way  to  Stone  City.  The 
Catholics  of  this  latter  parish  cooperate  with  those  of  Anamosa  in  keeping  up  the 
"city  of  the  dead,"  as  they  all  combined  to  purchase  and  prepare  the  place  for  a 
burying  ground.  Father  McCormick  also  began  the  construction  of  a  bell-tower, 
which  the  church  up  to  that  time  had  not  had,  the  bell  being  set  on  the  ground. 
He  left  in  January,  1886,  ostensibly  to  join  a  missionary  society,  and  nothing  was 
heard  of  him  more,  until  the  announcement  of  his  death,  in  April,  1894. 

Rev.  Robert  Powers,  who  had  been  three  years  a  pastor  resident  in  another 
part  of  the  county,  came  to  Anamosa  March  20,  1886,  and  has  held  charge  as 
rector  up  to  the  present  time  (1909.)  Whatever  may  be  the  dictates  of  policy  or 
friendship  or  historical  truth  or  even  self-interest,  this  is  not  the  time  nor  the 
place  to  express  them.  No  one  will  dare  speak  of  another  in  his  presence  as  he 
might  have  it  in  his  heart  to  do.  Although  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  century  has 
elapsed,  and  many  changes,  and  it  is  hoped  a  few  improvements,  have  taken 
place,  yet,  whilst  a  soldier  is  in  the  fire  of  battle  it  may  be  premature  to  blow  the 
trumpet  note  of  victory.  The  meritorious  deeds  of  the  longest  lifetime  may  be 
lost  by  one  final  fall,  and  whilst  the  outcome  is  hidden  in  the  darkness  of  doubt,  it 
would  savor  of  pride  at  the  least,  to  pronounce  life's  problem  successfully  wrought 
out.  The  real  worth  of  a  parish  and  the  real  work  of  a  pastor  is  not  stone  and 
brick  and  mortar,  nor  any  other  perceptible  thing,  neither  is  it  pretense,  and 
least  of  all  is  it  self-praise.  St.  Patrick's  church  and  parish  house  have  been  en- 
larged, remodeled  and  modified  to  such  an  extent  that  what  little  remains  of  the 
original  is  scarcely  recognizable.  The  make-up  of  the  old  building  on  the  hill, 
where  the  seed  was  first  planted,  has  been  modernized  in  a  manner  to  make  it  a 
suitable  house  to  transplant  the  first  seeds  in  the  minds  of  the  rising  generation. 
The  single  acre  of  ground  first  bought  has  spread  until  it  now  includes  more  than 
ten  acres.    A  sanitarium,  worthy  of  a  much  larger  place,  was  built  in  1892,  and 

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rebuilt  after  being  burned  down,  in  1902.  Almost  all  the  years,  one  after  another, 
have  witnessed  something  done — ^in  what  measure  each  progressive  effort  deserves 
the  name  of  improvement  is  left  for  others  to  say. 

Twenty- four  years  past!  The  past  has  a  peculiarly  subtle  hold  upon  our 
minds.  A  desire  to  look  back  at  the  past  comes  to  most  of  us,  in  response  to  the 
conviction  that  **no  man  liveth  to  himself  alone."  A  generation  has  nearly  passed 
away.  Blest  be  the  tie  that  binds  us  to  all  that  is  gone.  Some  of  the  old  stock  have 
left  lineal  descendants,  taught  to  love  the  ways  of  the  church  and  to  hunger  for 
the  worship  of  God  after  the  manner  of  their  forefathers.  May  it  never  be  said 
of  them,  as  it  has  been  said  of  others,  that  on  leaving  the  old  home  they  left  their 
religion  behind  them. 

Popularity  is  a  poor  passport  to  glory.  Yet  it  is  something,  that  after  having 
spent  the  best  part  of  a  lifetime — in  life,  either  or  both  ends  amount  to  very 
little — among  the  same  people,  a  person  does  not  lose  respect  the  more  he  is 
known.  The  present  pastor  of  Anamosa  has  no  aspirations  to  prominence  in 
the  ranks  of  the  church  nor  in  the  annals  of  church  history.  He  has  given  freely 
of  his  time  and  labor  to  the  welfare  of  St.  Patrick's  congregation;  yet  he  always 
believed  that  he  has  done  nothing  more  than  his  plain  duty. 

"Walk  about  Zion,  and  go  round  about  her;  and  tell  the  towers  thereof,"  etc. 
There  was  the  invitation  of  the  poet-king,  David  the  Psalmist.  He  wanted  his 
people  to  revisit  the  old  places,  where  their  fathers  worshiped  and  around  which 
so  many  sacred  associations  clung.  In  like  manner,  the  old  generation  that  is  fast 
passing  away,  as  many  of  them  as  revisit  the  place,  may  walk  about  St.  Patrick's, 
and  go  round  about  her,  and  give  their  heart's  love  to  the  towers  thereof  and  to 
the  ivy-clad  walls,  and  to  the  steps  and  stones,  and  trees,  and  to  the  spirits  of  the 
departed  that  stand  in  its  shadow. 

ST.  Joseph's  parish,  stone  city;  an  outgrowth  of  anamosa. 

As  elsewhere  stated,  Anamosa  is  situated  at  the  junction  of  two  rivers — the 
Wapsipinicon  and  the  Buffalo.  Hence  the  place  was  first  known  as  the  "Forks ;'' 
then  it  was  named  '^Dartmouth ;"  next  **Lexington" ;  and  lastly  "Anamosa."  Be- 
tween the  rivers  mentioned,  from  their  meeting  point,  runs  a  strip  of  land,  increas- 
ing in  width,  and  rising  to  a  considerable  elevation,  known  familiarly  as  the 
"Ridge."  This  ridge  is  altogether  a  formation  of  magnesia  limestone,  with  only  a 
slight  covering  of  earth,  and  in  some  spots  by  the  edge  of  either  river,  cliffs  are 
exposed  which  stand  perpendicularly  to  a  height  of  thirty  or  forty  feet.  On  lx)th 
sides  of  the  ridge,  that  is,  along  the  banks  of  each  river,  stone  quarries  were 
opened,  beginning  in  1853,  frorn  which  large  quantities  of  stone  for  building  ma- 
terial, paving,  and  road  material  have  been  taken  out,  and  shipped  hundreds  of 
miles  in  all  directions.  At  present  there  are  six  quarries  open  on  the  Wapsie,  and 
four  on  the  Buffalo.  They  give  work  to  a  large  number  of  men,  especially  in  the 
summer  season,  sometimes  as  many  as  two  hundred  hands  being  employed  in  one 
quarry.  These  employes,  it  is  easy  to  understand,  toihng  as  they  are  all  week  at 
the  severest  kind  of  labor,  should  find  it  impossible  to  provide  vehicles  on  Sunday 
morning,  and  no  less  impossible  to  walk  a  distance  of  eight  miles,  to  and  from  Ana- 
mosa, the  nearest  place  they  could  reach  a  church.    In  view  of  the  circumstances. 

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the  difficulties  and  obligations  to  be  complied  with,  Mr.  J.  A.  Green,  who  employs 
the  largest  number  of  Catholics,  after  due  advice  with  the  ecclesiastical  authorities, 
generously  proposed  to  obviate  matters  by  giving  a  large  hall,  over  the  postoffice, 
which  is  owned  by  him,  for  use  temporarily  as  a  chapel.  The  offer  was  of  course 
accepted  with  the  utmost  gratitude.  It  was  inmiediately  and  most  willingly  fitted 
up  with  a  crude  altar,  forms  or  benches  of  a  rather  primitive  make-up,  but  sufficient 
in  every  respect  for  all  the  purposes  of  Catholic  services,  which  were  held  there 
for  the  first  time  in  February,  1884.  Indeed,  their  conditions  were  far  and  away 
superior  to  the  log  cabins  or  shanties,  in  which  the  first  settlers  were  accustomed 
to  worship.  In  heartfelt  thankfulness,  and  in  honor  of  the  "Provider  of  the  Holy 
Family,"  this  new  plantation  of  the  gospel  mustard  seed  was  called  St.  Joseph's 

The  employes  here,  as  in  other  public  works,  are  not  usually  possessed  of  very 
much  means  to  build  or  beautify  houses,  either  for  God  or  for  themselves ;  neither 
do  they  feel  that  they  owe  it  to  the  present  or  future  generation,  to  take  any  special 
interest  in  the  up-building  of  a  permanent  church  or  parish,  for  the  good  reason 
that  they  belong  to  what  is  styled  a  "floating  population," — ^they  may  stay  a  week, 
or  a  month,  or  a  season,  and  leave,  possibly  never  to  see  the  place  more.  It  would 
be  in  some  measure  unreasonable  to  expect  such  a  class  of  people  to  contribute  to 
local  church  building  in  every  place  in  which  they  may  happen  to  spend  a  short 

But  there  are  good,  strong,  and  stationary  Catholics  in  Stone  City,  who  are  by 
no  means  hopeless  of  spiritual  or  temporal  prosperity.  The  few  residents  who  are 
anchored  to  the  rocks  live  in  anxious  hope  of  some  day  seeing  in  their  midst  a 
temple  worthy  of  the  name  "Stone"  City,  built,  like  the  wise  man's  house,  on  a 
rock ;  "and  the  rains  fell  and  the  floods  came,  and  the  winds  blew  ♦  ♦  *  and 
it  fell  not,  for  it  was  built  on  a  rock."  Nature  here  abundantly  supplies  the  ma- 
terial to  raise  an  edifice  to  nature's  God.  Rock,  eternal  rock,  is  piled  up  by  the 
hand  of  the  Creator,  in  long  ledges  on  the  hillside,  more  than  enough  to  build 
ten  thousand  churches.  All  needed  is  to  find  human  hands,  stout  and  strong;  and 
big  hearts,  trusting,  and  courageous,  and  religious  enough  to  place  one  rock  upon 
another.  Oh,  for  the  "ages  of  faith,"  when  Solomon  builded  the  most  magnifi- 
cent structure  that  the  sun  ever  saw,  yet  humbled  himself  to  the  dust  in  thankful- 
ness that  the  Eternal  Excellency  of  the  Most  High  should  condescend  to  fix  his 
abode  and  "put  His  name  there."  In  later  years,  the  most  skilled  and  skillful 
builders  that  the  world  ever  knew  could  conceive  of  no  nobler  use  to  make  of 
their  workmanship  than  to  bestow  it  free,  gratis,  in  rearing  temples  to  the  honor 
and  glory  of  the  "Giver  of  every  good  gift." 

In  the  meantime,  the  many  transient,  and  the  few  old-time  permanent  wor- 
shippers, in  Stone  City,  must  be  content  to  exercise  their  piety,  on  benches  without 
backs,  as  they  have  devoutly  done  for  twenty-five  years  past. 

At  its  formation,  this  was  a  chapel-of-ease,  connected  with  Anamosa.  whilst 
Father  McCormick  resided  there.  He  attended  both  churches  every  Sunday,  al- 
ternating early  and  late  services  between  the  two  churches.  Father  Powers  con- 
tinued to  give  the  same  equal  religious  opportunities  to  the  combined  parishes  up 
to  September,  1902,  when  a  resident  pastor  was  appointed  to  Stone  City.  It  has 
been  an  independent  parish  since,  with  the  church  on  Buffalo  Creek,  two  miles 

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south  of  Prairieburg,  attached  to  it  as  an  out  mission.  The  Rev.  P.  J.  Leddy  was 
the  first  appointment  to  the  charge.  His  mind  failed,  after  a  year  and  a  half.  He 
was  removed  to  a  hospital  at  Dubuque,  where  he  still  remains,  without  hope  of 
mental  improvement.  His  successor  was  Rev.  J.  Garland,  who  also  resided  at 
Stone  City,  giving  the  requisite  attention  to  the  out  mission,  up  to  October,  1905 
He  is  now  stationed  at  La  Motte,  Jackson  county.  The  next  and  present  incum- 
bent of  this  pastorate  is  the  Rev.  T.  J.  Norris.  Besides  Stone  City  and  Prairie- 
burg, he  holds  charge  at  this  time  of  a  third  mission,  at  Lisbon,  Linn  county. 

As  already  remarked,  the  parishioners  here,  both  in  number  and  in  name,  are 
a  variable  quantity.  Hence  it  would  be  little  more  than  a  waste  of  historical  space 
to  specify  the  make-up  of  the  congregation  at  any  particular  period.  A  large 
proportion  of  them  consists  of  French-Canadians,  or  their  descendants  from  the 
northern  part  of  New  York  state.  Although  now  in  the  third  or  fourth  genera- 
tion from  the  the  original  immigrants,  they  still  fluently  parley  in  the  French 
language  and  retain  a  great  many  of  the  national  habits  and  customs  of  La  Belle 
'  France.  There  arc  also  some  splendid  types  of  the  German  character  among  the 
quarrymen;  and  a  scattering  few  of  almost  every  nationality  in  Europe. 

It  would  be  impossible  at  this  day  to  obtain  the  order  of  sequence  in  which  the 
'  Catholic  ^fixtures  in  the  quarry  region  came  there.  Presumably,  the  first  among 
them  arrived  in  the  sixties,  as  the  stone  business  was  operated  on  a  very  limited 
scale  prior  to  that  time.  The  following  are  the  most  prominent  of  those  who  may 
be  ri^;arded  as  having  permanent  residences  here,  without  a  probability  of  further 
migration :  J.  A.  Green,  John  Ronen,  John  Walsh,  Theo.  Hennessy,  August  Pat- 
node,  Ed.  Mearns,  Dunn  Brothers,  Betz  Brothers,  Sampica  Brothers,  Rushford 
Brothers,  Denio  Brothers,  La  Barge  Brothers. 


When  this  country  was  all  a  vast  mission  of  the  Catholic  church  occasional 
meetings  were  held  wherever  the  priests  could  gather  together  their  congregations, 
land  often  they  journeyed  miles  from  settlement  to  settlement  on  foot  or  horseback. 
Their  visits  were  few,  and  it  was  necessary  on  the  arrival  of  a  priest  at  a  certain 
place  to  send  messengers  to  the  different  Catholic  settlers  for  miles  around.  At 
that  time  as  there  were  no  churches,  the  services  were  held  at  the  different  houses. 
The  few  faithful  that  were  scattered  throughout  the  country  were  given  the  privi- 
lege of  receiving  the  benefits  of  the  church,  in  this  manner,  once  a  year,  and  that 
about  Easter  time. 

The  first  mission  station  established  in  the  county  was  in  1857  ^^  Anamosa. 
Services  were  held  in  the  courthouse.  Monticello  belonged  to  this  mission.  In 
1854  and  1855  there  were  but  few  settlers  in  Monticello,  but  many  Catholics  came 
in  1858  and  1859,  to  assist  in  the  construction  of  the  Dubuque  &  Southwestern 
Railroad.  Some  of  these  early  settlers  still  remain,  though  the  greater  number  have 
gone  to  their  reward.  Prior  to  1868,  when  Monticello  was  still  a  small  town  and 
with  but  few  Catholics,  services  were  held  in  Kinsella  Hall  and  in  what  was  known 
as  Davenport's  Hall  on  the  second  floor  of  the  old  Monticello  State  Bank  building, 
which  was  torn  down  in  the  spring  of  1902  to  make  way  for  a  new  building. 

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In  1868  Rev.  Father  Cogan  established  and  founded  the  parish  in  Monticello 
and  was  the  first  resident  priest.  He  built  a  frame  structure  in  the  southern  part 
of  the  town  which  was  known  as  the  Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart.  The  following 
is  a  partial  list  of  the  names  of  the  heads  of  famiHes  who  made  it  possible  for  the 
establishment  of  a  permanent  parish : 

Michael  Breen,  Cornelius  Brown,  Henry  Burrows,  Andrew  Burns,  Patrick  F. 
Cunningham,  Patrick  Cushing,  John  Fleming,  John  Farley,  Daniel  Kinsella,  Ed- 
ward Kinsella,  Mrs.  Ella  McMahon,  John  Mathews,  Madam  McCormick,  John 
McConnell,  Andrew  Munday,  Patrick  OToole,  Michael  Quirk,  Robert  Shane, 
Mrs.  Peter  Young. 

In  1 87 1  Rev.  Father  Cogan  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Father  David  Welch  who 
made  his  residence  in  Monticello  for  a  short  time,  and  then  moved  to  Castle  Grove, 
but  still  had  charge  of  the  parish  here.  The  roof  was  blown  oflf  the  Httle  frame 
church,  which  was  re-roofed  by  Father  Welch.  This  church  was  thirty  feet  by 

In  1872,  Rev.  P.  O.  Dowd,  now  of  Petersville,  Iowa,  took  charge  of  the  par- 
ish of  Castle  Grove,  with  Monticello  as  an  outside  mission,  and  remained  until 
the  year  1878,  when  on  October  8th  the  church  was  destroyed  by  a  tornado  that 
swept  the  southern  portion  of  the  town. 

The  following  Sunday,  with  sad  hearts,  and  hopes  almost  blighted,  the  mem- 
bers betook  themselves  to  the  little  vacant  schoolhouse  in  the  northern  part  of  the 
town,  and  on  December  14th  of  the  same  year,  Very  Reverend  P.  J.  O'Connor, 
now  of  Sioux  City,  a  young  and  zealous  priest  came  and  took  up  the  work  of 
rebuilding  the  church  and  again  Monticello  had  a  resident  priest,  with  Sand  Spring 
as  an  outside  mission.  It  was  at  this  time  that  courage  was  needed  for  it  seemed 
that  the  congregation  was  diminishing  instead  of  increasing,  but  the  pastor,  a  man 
of  energy  and  determination,  labored  patiently,  and  erected  the  present  edifice, 
and  parochial  residence,  the  comer  stone  of  which  was  laid  in  1880.  Some  of 
those  present  who  were  among  the  best  helpers  to  promote  this  enterprise  have 
gone  to  their  reward. 

From  the  time  the  church  was  destroyed  by  the  tornado  in  1878,  until  the 
present  church  was  finished  in  the  fall  of  1880,  services  were  held  in  the  old  school- 
house.  Along  with  the  work  of  building  and  trying  to  pay  the  debt  on  the  church, 
Father  O'Connor  gave  his  earnest  attention  to  the  instruction  of  a  large  Sunday 
school  and  the  children  of  that  time  will  never  forget  the  many  kindnesses,  care 
and  attention  bestowed  on  them.  About  the  year  1884  Father  O'Connor  was 
succeeded  by  Rev.  J.  Tobin,  who  remained  nearly  four  years.  During  his  short 
stay  he  made  some  improvements  to  the  church  property  and  continued  the  work 
already  begtm  by  Father  O'Connor  in  the  Sunday  school.  In  1887  Father  Tobin 
was  removed  to  Fairbanks,  Iowa,  where  he  died  in  July,  1899,  after  a  life  well 
spent  in  patient  toil  dedicated  to  the  services  of  God. 

About  Christmas,  1887,  Rev.  J.  McCormick  came  to  reside  in  Monticello.,  and 
has  remained  ever  since,  it  being  the  longest  pastorate  of  any  of  the  English-speak- 
ing churches  in  the  city.  He  is  a  man  ever  kind  and  sympathetic  to  those  in 
trouble,  distress  and  sickness.  Being  a  progressive  age  improvements  have  con- 
tinued to  be  made  on  the  church  and  property  until,  in  all,  nearly  twenty  thousand 

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dollars  have  been  expended,  and  now  the  church  and  residence  are  among  the 
finest  and  most  up-to-date  church  properties  in  the  county. 

Not  only  the  Catholic  people  are  entitled  to  high  praise  for  their  liberality  and 
efforts  in  making  the  church  property  what  it  is,  but  non-Catholics  have  been 
kind  and  generous  in  contributing. 

From  the  few  who  left  the  little  schoolhouse  to  enter  the  new  church  over 
twenty  years  ago,  the  members  have  continued  to  increase  both  in  number  and 
circumstances  until  the  large  edifice  is  now  filled.  All  honor  to  those  workers 
who,  in  the  beginning  and  since,  were  so  faithful  in  helping  to  make  the  church 
what  it  is.  Although  some  of  them  have  passed  away  they  are  still  remembered, 
and  ever  will  be  in  the  hearts  of  the  Catholic  people  of  Monticello,  who  have 
watched  the  progress  of  the  church  in  all  those  years. 

A  few  years  ago  a  branch  of  the  order  of  Catholic  Foresters  was  organized 
here,  and  any  eligible  Catholic  may  join  it.  They  also  have  two  societies  in  the 
church  known  as  the  Rosary  Society  and  League  of  the  Sacred  Heart. 


Castle  Grove,  the  extreme  northwestern  township  in  Jones  county,  is  watered 
by  several  creeks.  These  not  only  afford  excellent  fertility  in  meadow  lands,  and 
furnish  ample  opportunity  for  stock  raising,  but  they  served  to  give  the  pioneer 
a  most  desirable  place  of  residence.  Wood  and  water !  On  the  edge  of  the  tim- 
ber near  a  stream !  Ah !  there  was  the  beau  ideal  to  choose  for  a  home — a  sweet 
home  \  It  was  preposterous  in  those  days  to  think  of  squatting  down  on  the  broad 
bleak  prairie ;  and  this  for  two  great  reasons :  First,  there  was  the  foregone  cer- 
tainty, or  at  least  the  very  probable  liability  of  being  frozen  to  death  some  night, 
in  the  depths  of  the  snow  with  no  possible  chance  of  finding  a  twig  to  light  a 
fire ;  and  the  second  reason  was  that  the  prairies,  with  their  tall,  waving  grass, 
seemed  so  immense  in  their  expanse  there  could  be  no  more  likelihood  or  danger 
of  their  being  ever  totally  occupied  than  there  was  of  the  Sahara  desert,  or  the 
Atlantic  ocean.  Why  the  only  good  spot  in  the  whole  world  for  a  sound  and  se- 
cure habitation  was  supposed  to  be  the  edge  of  a  growth  of  timber,  sheltered  from 
the  storms  at  all  seasons  of  the  year.  There  you  were,  with  plenty  of  logs  of 
body  wood  at  one  side,  for  fuel  in  the  big  open  fireplaces ;  and  with  plenty  of  pas- 
ture and  hay  at  the  other  side  just  for  the  gathering.  That  filled  the  pioneer's 
<up  of  prospective  happiness. 

The  first  two  white  men  who  settled  on  the  present  site  of  Monticello,  came 
in  the  fall  of  1836.  A  few  months  later — in  the  summer  of  '37,  two  Catholics — 
James  McLaughlin  and  Thomas  Galligan,  came  and  settled  in  the  same  region. 
Not  a  single  sod  of  the  virgin  prairie  had  yet  been  upturned.  They  were,  as  far 
as  known,  the  first  Catholics  in  Jones  county.  Let  it  be  noted  forever  in  local 
history.  The  twelve  apostles,  after  the  ascension  of  their  Divine  Master,  are 
said  to  have  assembled  in  a  certain  spot,  (which  is  yet  pointed  out,)  and  after 
having  first  composed  the  profession  of  faith  called  the  "Apostles*  Creed,"  they 
divided  the  then  known  world  into  sections ;  and  one  was  told  off  to  one  section, 
and  another  to  another  section,  and  a  third  to  another,  and  so  on.  Well,  "Jim" 
McLaughlin  and  "Tom"  Galligan  were  the  "apostles"  of  the  faith  of  St.  Peter 

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in  this  county.  Sterling  representatives  they  were  of  the  faith  which  was  not 
unworthy  a  Redeemer's  blood.  By  example,  instruction,  advice,  and  the  best  edu- 
cation that  Notre  Dame  University  could  give,  they  prepared  their  children  to  walk 
in  their  father's  footsteps.  When  the  first  priest  passed  on  his  circuit  through 
that  northern  tier  of  townships,  on  his  way  to  Delhi,  he  found  out  the  house  of  Mr. 
McLaughlin.  He  stayed  there ;  he  celebrated  mass  there ;  the  scattered  Catholics 
of  that  neighborhood  assembled  and  joined  in  prayer  and  sacrifice  in  that  impro- 
vised domestic  chapel.  A  brother  of  the  itinerant  missionary,  having  sometimes 
accompanied  him,  married  one  of  Mr.  McLaughlin's  daughters  thus  adding  a  so- 
cial tie  to  the  spiritual  bond  already  existing  between  them.  Well  may  their  de- 
scendants be  proud  of  those  who  blazed  the  path  of  civilization  through  the  woods, 
and  blazed  the  highway  of  Catholicity  over  the  broad  prairies.  Will  the  mar- 
riage of  souls,  contracted  by  the  forefathers  of  those  far  oflf  days,  with  their 
mother  church,  be  passed  down  indissoluble  through  the  ages  ?  Will  their  children, 
and  children's  children  rise  up  and  bless  the  names  of  their  forebears,  and  renew 
their  inherited  allegiance  to  the  old  rock-rooted  church  which  was  established  "to 
teach,  govern,  sanctify,  and  save  all  men  ?"  Long  live  the  union  between  the  Mac's 
and  O's  and  the  old  Apostolic  church. 

Castle  Grove  is  so  called  from  the  first  house  of  respectable  dimensions  built 
there,  by  a  man  named  Beardsley,  near  where  the  road  crosses  Silver  Creek.  Ed. 
Moore's  house  stood  in  the  same  place  in  later  days.  Being  the  largest,  if  not  the 
only  residence  above  a  log  cabin,  it  was  called  a  "castle ;"  and  located  as  it  was  in 
the  grove,  the  township  was  named  from  it  "Castle  Grove." 

Among  the  Catholics,  D.  M.  Hogan  and  Ed  Troy  had  both  been  soldiers  in 
the  Mexican  war.  At  their  discharge  they  received  each  a  "warrant"  entitling 
them  to  a  "plat"  or  a  quarter  section  of  land,  wherever  they  were  pleased  to 
choose,  in  any  part  of  Uncle  Sam's  unoccupied  domain.  At  Monticello,  getting 
off  the  stage,  they  passed  to  the  western  edge  of  the  timber  growth,  and  there  they 
selected  a  spot  which  they  decided  to  call  home.  Not  much  sign  of  a  "home"  vis- 
ible until  these  sons  of  toil  made  it  worthy  the  name.  Here  they  lived  and  died. 
Here  too,  their  children  still  live,  and  occupy  beautiful  homes  which  the  progress 
of  time  and  toil  developed.  Quarter  sections  of  prairie,  adjoining  on  the  west, 
were  taken  up  in  the  early  '50s,  at  government  price — one  dollar  and  twenty-five 
cents  an  acre — ^by  Dennis  Hogan,  with  his  sons,  Jas.  P'k.  M'l.  and  D*s. ;  also  by 
four  Kehoe  brothers,  Ed.  Simeon,  P'k.  and  Wm. ;  by  P'k.  Waddick,  Jas.  Delay, 
and  many  others  further  west  and  north.  They  were  nearly  all  of  the  same  na- 
tionality, chiefly  sons  of  Tipperary,  inoculated  with  the  faith  that  never  dies.  Like 
good  Christians  that  they  were,  after  having  in  the  sweat  of  their  brows  provided 
for  bodily  sustenance  during  six  days  of  the  week,  their  next  thought  was  to  "Re- 
member the  Sabbath  day;  to  keep  it  holy."  The  Rev.  Jeremiah  Treacy,  then  sta- 
tioned at  Garryowen,  passed  on  his  circuit,  through  Cascade,  Monticello,  and  on 
westward  through  Castle  Grove  to  Delhi.  He  was  heartily  and  hospitably  re- 
ceived by  the  family  of  James  McLaughlin,  whose  home  being  on  the  eastern 
border  of  the  settlement  was  first  reached,  and  whose  circumstances  enabled  him 
more  than  the  others,  to  render  such  entertainment  as  befitted  the  occasion.  Here 
the  priest  made  his  stopping  place,  here  he  celebrated  mass,  shrived  the  adults, 
baptized  the  children,  and  instructed  the  youth  in  the  tenets  of  religion.    There  is 

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no  means  at  hand  of  ascertaining  the  frequency  of  such  calls,  or  the  duration  to 
which  each  visit  was  prolonged. 

As  the  new  settlers  spread  out  over  the  prairie,  the  center  of  population,  and 
the  most  convenient  place  of  access,  was  found  to  be  further  west.  Simeon  Kehoe, 
a  most  ardent  devotee  of  the  church,  and  an  experienced  server  at  the  altar,  gladly 
offered  the  accommodations  of  his  domicile,  such  as  it  was.  This  was  made  the 
meeting  house  for  some  time,  and  it  served  to  all  intents  and  purposes,  fof  the 
ministrations  of  the  church.  Though  the  missionary  was  regarded  as  residing  in 
Garryowen,  as  a  matter  of  fact  he  did  not  enjoy  the  happiness  of  a  residence  any- 
where. There  were  no  parishes,  or  parish  limits  in  those  days.  The  priest  took 
with  him  the  necessary  outfit  for  the  performance  of  his  official  functions,  in  his 
saddle-bags  if  riding  horseback,  and  carried  them  on  his  own  back  if  "riding" 
afoot.  Setting  out  in  search  of  a  Catholic  family  or  settlement,  he  was  free  to 
stop,  wherever  he  willed,  without  "let  or  hindrance"  from  any  authority  higher 
than  the  spiritual  needs  of  the  people.  The  Rev.  P.  Maginnis,  whose  headquarters 
were  first  at  Garryowen,  but  later  at  Temple  Hill,  also  made  some  visitations 
over  this  circuit,  and  received  the  cordial  hospitality  of  Mr.  McLaughHn's  home. 

In  1853,  ^y  the  advice  and  exertions  of  Rev.  J.  Treacy,  the  Catholics  of  the 
settlement  in  their  extreme  poverty,  denied  themselves  the  comforts  if  not  the 
very  necessities  of  life,  in  order  to  contribute  the  means  sufficient  to  build  a  house 
which  should  belong  to  God  alone,  and  not  a  part  of  the  culinary  abode  of  some 
sinful  creature.  The  site  selected  was  perhaps  the  most  beautiful  in  all  the  town- 
ship— on  the  point  of  a  knoll  some  short  distance  directly  behind  the  present  pas- 
toral residence.  To  foimd  a  permanent  institution,  as  also  to  afford  an  abundance 
of  space  for  the  anticipated  needs  of  a  growing  congregation — for  cemetery,  school 
and  garden — but  best  of  all  as  the  outcome  of  a  great  big  overflowing  Irish  heart, 
Patrick  MuUady  donated  forty  acres  of  land  for  the  use  and  benefit  of  the  church 
in  Castle  Grove.  In  the  spring  of  1854,  the  church  was  completed,  to  the  immense 
pleasure,  and  pardonable  pride  of  the  contributors.  Solomon  in  all  his  glory  was 
not  more  supremely  delighted  after  the  finishing  of  his  famous  temple  at  Jerusa- 
lem. It  was  finally  ready  for  the  opening  or  dedicatory  ceremony  on  a  certain  day, 
when  by  prearrangement.  Father  Treacy  was  to  make  his  periodical  visit.  The 
Godly  man  came  and  stayed  as  usual  at  Mr.  McLaughlin^s,  where  he  was  no  less 
surprised  than  gratified,  to  learn  that  by  extraordinary  exertions  they  had  suc- 
ceeded in  making  all  preparations  for  the  sacred  ceremony  of  dedication  the  next 
day.  In  the  twilight  of  early  morning,  the  humble  people  hastened  in  their  little 
crowds  to  the  house  of  God,  with  anticipated  congratulations  from  one  another, 
and  with  hopes  to  receive  the  thanks  and  praise  of  the  Almighty,  through  the 
mouth  of  His  minister,  for  the  success  of  their  efforts;  whilst  both  priest  and 
people,  as  soon  as  the  doors  were  opened,  would  walk  in,  and  unite  their  voices 
in  great  gusto,  praying  the  prayer  of  Solomon  on  a  similar  occasion :  "Will  God 
indeed  dwell  on  earth  ?  Behold :  the  heaven  of  heavens  cannot  contain  thee ;  how 
much  less  this  house  that  I  have  builded."  When  the  high-hearted  expectant 
worshippers  reached  the  cherished  object  of  their  anticipations,  they  had  nothing 
to  see  but  a  pile  of  black  smoldering  ashes.  The  year  was  1854,  and  the  bitterness 
of  the  Know  Nothing  excitement  was  at  its  height.  Some  Know  Nothings  in  the 
western  part  of  the  settlement  (their  names  afterwards  became  public)  came  in 

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the  darkness  of  night — when  bad  men  always  choose  to  do  their  worst  work — and 
set  fire  to  the  church,  for  no  other  reason  than  this  alone — it  was  a  Catholic  church. 
When  the  minister  of  the  all-holy  God  arrived  on  the  scene,  he  found  his  poor 
people,  no  longer  proud  of  their  achievement,  but  shivering  around  the  embers 
of  their  burnt  hopes,  and  asking  one  another  in  undertones  if  such  things  could 
be  in  a  free  country. 

There  and  then,  partly  in  fierce  faith,  and  partly  in  desperation,  but  most  of 
all  depending  on  the  fairness  eventually  of  the  American  people,  these  Catholics 
procured  pen  and  paper  and  grimly  signed  their  promissory  notes  to  a  subscription 
list,  to  build  forthwith  a  better  church  than  the  one  burned  down. 

The  second  church,  which  was  quite  large  for  those  days,  was  erected  during 
the  pastoral  attendance  of  Rev.  M.  Lynch,  who  resided  in  Cascade.  He  was  in 
young  years  a  man  of  letters,  well  learned  not  only  in  theology  and  the  dead  lan- 
guages, but  also  a  fluent  fine  conversationalist  in  French,  and  later  learned  to  speak 
German,  whilst  he  lived  in  the  basement  of  his  church  at  Holy  Cross.  He  placed 
the  second  church  of  Castle  Grove,  not  on  the  foundation  of  the  destroyed  build- 
ing, but  nearer  the  road,  where  the  present  brick  structure  stands.  His  principal 
employe  in  the  work  was  a  monk  from  New  Melleray  called  Brother  Matthew, 
(Robert  Healy)  who  later  lived  for  many  years  at  Anamosa,  where  he  died,  and 
is  buried  in  Holy  Cross  cemetery. 

The  next  succeeding  ministerial  attendant  was  Father  Cogan,  resident  in  Mon- 
ticello — ^the  circuit  was  growing  narrower.  He  in  early  life  had  been  a  "Chris- 
tian Brother,"  a  community  devoted  altogether  to  teaching,  and  his  experience  in 
the  class-room  gave  him  a  singular  facility  and  fluency  of  speech,  which  stood  him 
in  good  stead,  after  he  graduated  in  the  higher  studies.  He  made  himself  dis- 
tinguished as  a  forceful  controversialist,  and  held  public  discussions  at  Monticello, 
and  Sand  Spring,  which  attracted  more  than  ordinary  interest  at  the  time,  with  the 
result  (as  always  occurs  in  such  cases)  that  the  auditors  went  away  still  wedded 
to  their  prejudices — some  pro  and  some  con.  This  clergyman  was  possessed  of 
rare  personal  magnetism,  and  could  draw  large  numbers  of  people,  of  all  classes, 
and  from  long  distances,  to  assist  in  any  church  work  inaugurated  by  him.  After 
living  for  some  time  in  Monticello,  he  moved  to  Castle  Grove,  where  he  built  a 
parochial  house,  which  still  stands  as  a  part  of  the  presbytery  which  was  subse- 
quently enlarged,  and  later  again  improved. 

Father  Brennan  came  next.  The  date  of  his  entrance,  or  exit,  or  anything  of 
his  personal  history  is  not  within  reach.  A  sister  of  his,  who  kept  house  for  him, 
died  during  his  pastorate,  and  lies  buried  in  a  shamefully  unmarked  grave  behind 
the  church. 

Rev.  David  Walsh  followed.  He  is  noted  for  a  famous  lawsuit,  in  which  he 
was  prosecuted,  by  a  Bohemian  family  named  Stepanek,  of  Prairieburg,  for  the 
overthrow  and  injury  done  to  a  monument,  erected  to  the  memory  of  their  de- 
ceased father.  The  Hon.  C.  R.  Scott,  then  district  attorney,  exhibited  no  less 
vehemence  than  animosity,  in  his  eflForts  to  gain  a  conviction  of  the  defendant. 
The  case  was  conducted,  from  beginning  to  end,  in  an  atmosphere  of  intense  strife, 
bigotry,  and  malice.  It  resulted  in  a  disagreement  of  the  jury.  The  late  Charles 
Lull,  and  a  Mr.  Livingstone  from  Centre  Junction,  deserve  everlasting  credit, 
esteem  and  gratitude,  from  the  Catholicity  of  Jones  county,  for  their  independent 

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upright  stand  on  the  issue,  going  according  to  the  conviction  of  their  conscien- 
tious belief  and  judgment,  in  defiance  of  the  majority  of  the  jury  who  were  de- 
termined to  force  a  verdict  of  "guilty,"  backed  as  they  felt  they  were,  by  popular 
prejudice,  and  the  unconcealed  bias  of  bench  and  bar.  Father  Walsh  left  soon 
afterwards,  for  Wilton,  Iowa,  and  when  the  day  set  for  the  next  trial  came  on,  he 
was  lying  dead  in  a  hospital  in  Davenport.  His  body  is  buried  in  St.  Mary's 
cemetery,  in  that  city;  and  his  soul  awaited  Scott's  at  the  tribunal  beyond  the 
clouds,  where  many  of  the  prosecutions  of  this  world  will  be  reversed.  In  '69,  Mr. 
Scott  lost  his  voice,  and  resigned  his  position  of  district  attorney. 

Castle  Grove  remained  without  a  pastor  for  six  months,  when  the  Rev.  Peter 
O'Dowd  was  appointed  to  the  charge.  His  ordination  took  place  on  May  24, 
1872,  at  St.  Patrick's  college,  Carlow,  Ireland,  whither  the  graduates  of  his  Alma 
Mater  (Water ford)  had  been  sent  that  year.  In  the  October  following,  he  emi- 
grated, and  coming  to  Dubuque,  was  assigned  by  Bishop  Hennessy  to  Ackley,  for 
an  opportunity  of  experience  and  rest,  as  his  cousin — Very  Rev.  Peter  O'Dowd — 
(now  of  Independence,)  was  then  pastor  of  the  Catholic  church  there.  On  the 
23rd  of  September,  1873,  he  received  his  letter  of  appointment  to  Castle  Grove. 
There  he  found  the  church  so  lop-sided,  from  the  effects  of  a  recent  cyclone,  that 
before  anyone  could  safely  venture  under  its  roof,  three  stout  sticks  had  to  be 
propped  against  it  on  the  outside.  He  next  found  a  debt*  of  eight  hundred  dollars, 
which  exceeded  the  value  of  the  entire  property.  How  was  it  contracted?  For 
an  eighteen  dollar  window  he  was  made  to  pay  two  hundred  dollars,  between  fac- 
tory, express,  and  storage  charges,  interest  compounding  on  interest,  collection 
fees,  and  all  accruing  costs.  In  a  quandary  as  to  how  to  make  a  beginning,  one 
man,  Patrick  Kehoe,  Senior,  strong  as  he  was  in  the  faith  and  love  of  God,  and 
full  of  devotion  to  his  church,  came  forward,  and  assumed  every  cent  of  the 
indebtedness  on  himself  personally.  He  went  out  and  hauled  the  first  load  of 
brick,  and  having  set  it  down  on  the  ground,  he  placed  on  top  of  it  his  bond  for 
four  hundred  dollars  in  cash  for  a  new  building.  This  single  act  of  trustfulness, 
good  example,  and  encouragement  not  only  stopped  the  mouths  of  would-be  croak- 
ers, but  really  left  no  other  option  to  every  man  in  the  settlement  than  this  alone, 
to  follow  in  his  leadership.  All  honor  to  Mr.  P.  Kehoe.  Generations  yet  unborn 
will  rise  up  and  bless  the  day  he  lived.  Well  may  his  name  be  revered  as  long  as 
there  is  a  stone  upon  a  stone  in  the  church  of  Castle  Grove. 

The  new  pastor  proved  himself  eminently  worthy  of  the  confidence  reposed  in 
him.  Spotless  in  Hfe,  true  to  his  calling,  strict  in  the  smallest  secular,  social,  and 
spiritual  details,  respectful  of  his  position,  a  scholar  and  a  student  in  all  the  de- 
partments of  learning,  in  short  a  perfect  "man  of  God"  in  every  sense  of  the 

The  foundation  of  the  new  church  was  laid  in  'j^,  and  the  superstructure 
erected  in  the  following  summer.  At  the  laying  of  the  comer  stone,  the  sermon 
was  preached  by  the  Rev.  L.  Roche,  then  of  Davenport,  now  of  Cascade.  The 
dedication  took  place  on  September  8,  1880,  by  Bishop  Hennessy  of  Dubuque. 
The  report  in  a  local  newspaper  says  of  it :  "We  have  heretofore  fully  described 
the  gothic  solidity  of  the  exterior  of  this  church  edifice — ^than  which  there  is  no 
finer  outside  of  the  large  cities  in  the  state  of  Iowa.  In  this  writing  we  will  con- 
fine our  description  to  the  interior  finishing,  which,  with  its  frescoings,  carvings. 

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and  gildings,  is  of  surpassing  beauty;  and  is  a  faithful  copy  of  some  of  those 
grand  houses  of  worship  of  classic  fame,  which  are  found  in  the  capitals  of  the 
old  world."  Then  follows  a  lengthy  description  of  the  fifteen  frescoes  on  the  walls 
and  ceiling,  w^hich  are  declared  to  be  "not  merely  images  daubed  on  in  color  paint, 
but  superb  works  of  art — ^the  artist's  masterpieces,  replete  in  beauty,  and  well 
worth  going  a  journey  to  see.  All  the  rest  of  the  interior  of  the  church  is  equally 
elaborate — altar,  side  altars,  sittings,  stained  glass  windows,  matted  floor."  The 
following  occurs  in  a  commentary  on  the  services :  "The  sermon  was  delivered  by 
the  Rev.  P.  O'Dowd  of  Ackley,  Iowa,  a  cousin  to  the  pastor  of  Castle  Grove. 
This  ecclesiastic  is  a  young  man  of  nervous,  meditative  manner,  and  full  of  reli- 
gious zeal,  eloquent  thought,  and  learning."  After  a  summary  of  the  discourse, 
arid  an  account  of  the  "baptism"  of  the  bell,  the  writer  concludes :  "The  people 
of  Castle  Grove  are  the  most  prosperous  community  in  Jones  county,  and  in  the 
day  of  their  prosperity  they  have  not  forgotten  to  be  liberal.  The  work  they  have 
accomplished  in  the  completion  of  this  church  speaks  volumes  for  their  public 
spirit,  and  for  the  diligence  and  wisdom  of  Rev.  Father  O'Dowd." 

For  the  first  six  years  in  Castle  Grove,  Father  O'Dowd  attended  the  Catholic 
church  in  Monticello,  driving  eight  miles  between  the  two  places.  Besides  the 
magnificent  church,  this  pastor  also  built  a  very  neat  schoolhouse,  which  was 
first  rented  to  the  directors  of  the  district,  and  utilized  as  a  public  school,  but  later 
was  converted  into  a  parochial  school,  with  a  residence  for  teachers  and  boarders 
attached.  At  the  time  of  this  change  it  was  moved  to  its  present  site — ^behind  the 

Every  work  was  completed,  not  only  in  the  matter  of  construction,  but  the 
grounds  were  admirably  ornamented  with  rows  of  evergreen  and  shade  trees,  the 
"city  of  the  dead"  was  beautifully  fixed  up,  and  the  entire  surroundings  rendered 
like  the  country  residence  of  a  rich  magnate. 

Far  from  leaving  a  debt  for  his  successor  to  shoulder,  he  not  only  liquidated 
every  penny  of  the  old  and  new  obligations,  but  a  balance  of  nine  hundred  dollars 
was  left  in  the  church  treasury.  The  workman's  part  was  done.  On  the  day  of 
the  dedication  he  was  commissioned  to  Charlotte,  Qinton  county,  where  a  similar 
task  awaited  him.  There  he  still  lives,  in  rather  enfeebled  bodily  health,  but  with 
mind  as  brilliant,  and  memory  as  undimmed  as  thirty-seven  years  ago.  Long  be 
his  years  of  "otiutn  cum  dignitate,"  Catholicity  in  Jones  county  owes  him  much. 
When  first  he  set  foot  here  a  man  of  his  cloth  was  suspicioned  by  all,  and  despised 
by  many.  When  he  left  us  a  minister  of  his  denomination  was  more  respected 
than  any  man  in  the  community. 

In  September,  1880,  the  Rev.  J.  Fogarty  succeeded  to  the  pastorship.  He  re- 
mained until  October,  1882,  when  he  was  replaced  by  the  Rev.  R.  Powers,  who 
administered  to  the  spiritualties  of  the  people  up  to  March,  1886.  Then  for  a 
few  months  the  duties  of  pastor  were  filled  by  Rev.  J.  Griffin.  In  October  of 
the  same  year  he  went  to  Salix,  Iowa,  where  he  still  resides  as  pastor.  After  him 
came  Rev.  M.  S.  Murphy,  who  is  the  present  enciunbent  in  office. 

A  Catholic  church  at  Onslow,  being  vacated  for  many  years,  for  want  of  a 
congregation,  was  torn  down  last  month,  and  the  material  taken  to  Baldwin, 
Jackson  county. 

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It  is  mentioned  elsewhere  in  this  department  of  the  Jones  county  history  that 
there  are  but  few  Catholics  in  the  southern  tier  of  townships — Greenfield,  Rome, 
Hale,  and  Oxford.  That  statement  deserves  a  note  of  qualification.  In  the  south- 
eastern comer  of  the  county,  in  Oxford  township,  is  a  village — Oxford  Junction 
— of  some  two  or  three  hundred  inhabitants.  Here  is  an  intersection  of  two 
branches  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railway;  and  for  several  years 
that  company  operated  machine  shops  at  the  point  of  junction.  The  work  natur- 
ally brought  an  increasing  number  of  mechanics,  citizens  of  the  best  kind,  with 
their  dependent  families^  and  the  traders  necessary  to  the  completion  of  a  city 
community.  For  the  time  being,  the  ^'Junction"  was  an  important  and  thriving 
settlement,  and  its  future  prospects  seemed  bright  and  promising. 

Among  the  operatives  were  a  goodly  number  of  Bohemians.  Others  of  the 
same  nationality  settled  in  the  outlying  vicinity.  All  of  those  brought  the  Catholic 
faith  with  them  from  their  motherland.  Combining  w^ith  a  few  Irish  families 
residing  in  the  locality  tributary  to  the  incipient  town,  they  built  a  house  of  wor- 
ship, a  neat  frame  structure,  in  the  year  1881.  The  ground  for  this  first  church 
("St.  Mary's")  was  donated  by  James  Quirk,  who  died,  full  of  years,  honors, 
and  merits,  in  October,  1909.  It  was  put  up  mainly  by  subscription,  in  which 
the  members  of  other  denominations  participated,  with  great  good  will  and  gener- 
osity. The  Rev.  P.  McNamara  of  Toronto,  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  T.  Laffin  of 
Marion,  held  services  at  regular  periods,  generally  once  a  month,  for  several 
years.  In  the  meantime,  on  some  of  the  intervening  Sundays,  services  were  con- 
ducted by  the  Rev.  Francis  Chmelar  and  his  successors,  who,  from  the  Bohemian 
church  at  Cedar  Rapids,  attended  to  the  spiritual  wants  of  their  own  country- 
people,  throughout  Linn,  and  all  the  adjoining  counties,  and  often  in  other  coun- 
ties much  farther  away. 

In  1897  a  pastor  was  assigned  for  permanent  residence  at  Oxford  Junction,  in 
the  person  of  the  Rev.  F.  McAuliflFe.  Disappointed  at  not  receivmg  a  clergyman 
to  address  them  in  their  own  tongue,  the  Bohemian  worshipers  demanded  their 
pro  rata  of  the  property  thus  far  accumulated  to  the  credit  of  the  church  com- 
mon ;  and  with  it,  they  seceded  to  build  and  maintain  a  church  of  their  own,  with  a 
pastor  of  their  own  nationality.  This  might  appear  perhaps  a  demonstration  of 
hiunanity,  rather  than  of  Catholicity ;  but  was  it  Josh  Billings,  or  someone  else 
equally  truthful  who  said:  "there  is  a  great  deal  of  humanity  in  man."  The 
railroad  machine  shops  are  long  since  moved  away,  yet  two  churches  of  the  same 
denomination  ^tand  less  than  a  block  apart,  in  a  town  that  previously  could  not 
sustain  either.  One  pastor,  to  make  ends  meets,  has  charged  himself  with  the 
care  of  an  outside  congregation  in  Clinton  county,  with  a  second  in  Jackson 
county,  each  sixteen  miles  away  from  his  place  of  habitat;  whilst  the  other 
pastor  gives  attention  to  a  Bohemian  mission  at  Prairieburg,  Linn  county,  twenty- 
seven  miles  from  his  home.  The  pastor  of  either  church  built  a  parsonage,  with 
all  the  concomitants  of  a  modern  respectable  residence,  which  speaks  volumes  for 
the  faith  and  generosity  of  the  few  people,  coupled  of  course  with  the  activity 
and  popularity  of  their  ministers.  The  original  sum  total  of  outlay  on  each  edi- 
fice did  not  exceed  four  thousand  dollars ;  but  the  energy  of  the  respective  clergy- 

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men  in  charge  has  since  added,  year  after  year,  and  effected  such  improvements 
that  at  the  present  time  both  properties  present  not  only  a  creditable,  but  a  really 
admirable  appearance. 

Rev.  F.  McAuliffe,  remained  three  years,  when  he  moved  to  the  western  part 
of  the  state,  where  he  still  lives,  in  the  diocese  of  Sioux  City.  He  was  next  fol- 
lowed by  the  Rev.  F.  Nolan,  who,  after  a  stay  of  one  year,  went  for  a  post- 
graduate course  to  the  Catholic  university,  at  Washington,  District  of  Columbia. 
He  is  now  engaged  in  teaching  at  the  college  in  Dubuque. 

In  November,  1900  the  present  pastor,  Rev.  P.  H.  McNamara,  took  up  the 
charge.  He  was  educated  for  the  ministry  at  the  other  side  of  the  Atlantic,  and 
ordained  in  Dublin,  Ireland,  July  1898.  Coming  to  the  diocese  of  Dubuque,  the 
chosen  field  of  his  missionary  labors,  in  September  of  the  same  year,  he  received 
from  the  then  diocesan.  Bishop  Hennessy,  brief  assignments  to  parishes  at  As- 
bury,  Dubuque  cotmty,  Charles  City,  Sheldon,  Ryan  and  then  his  present  incum- 
bancy.  Since  his  arrival  in  Oxford  Junction  he  has  exhibited  to  a  wonderful 
degree  the  amount  of  good  work  anyone  can  accomplish  whose  heart  and  soul 
are  devoted  to  a  single  central  object.  His  vocation  and  avocation  in  life  has 
been  nothing  else  than  the  good  of  God's  people,  and  the  upbuilding  of  God's 
church.  With  very  little  mat?erial  means,  but  with  a  large  amount  of  mental, 
social,  and  spiritual  means,  consecrated  by  the  singleness  of  purpose  character- 
istic of  the  true  "man  of  God,*'  he  has  wrought,  in  season  and  out  of  season,  year 
after  year,  until  a  beholder  of  his  work  is  reminded  insensibly  of  the  fate  of  a 
certain  flower,  famed  in  phrase,  that  was  pitiably  doomed  to  "waste  its  sweet- 
ness on  the  desert  air."  How  inscrutable  are  the  way  of  Providence!  Twelve 
Apostles  once  converted  the  world, — Twelve  Apostolic  men,  not  unlike  the  un- 
known pastor  of  Oxford  township,  could  help  immeasurably  today  in  doing  the 
same  thing.  "Messis  quidem  multa-/'  May  a  bountiful  Lord  send  many  such 
laborers  into  the  ripening  field,  to  "gather  his  people,  as  sheaves  into  the  floor 
of  his  bam."  Was  it  not  David,  the  Sheperd  King  of  Israel,  who  sang  the  psalm 
of  his  people  returning  from  captivity:  "They  that  sow  in  tears  shall  reap  in 
joy.  Going  and  casting  precious  seed,  they  shall  come  again  with  joy  fulness, 
bringing  their  sheaves  with  them."  The  Oxford  pastor  will  doubtless  carry  a 
great  big  bundle  of  "sheaves"  to  the  feet  of  the  Judge,  in  the  Kingdom  come." 


Cass  township  has  the  distinction  of  being  the  only  township  in  the  county  that 
has  never  had  a  postofiice  so  far  as  we  have  been  able  to  determine.  Anamosa, 
in  Fairview  township,  being  close  to  the  southern  border  of  the  township,  has  been 
able  to  supply  the  greater  part  of  Cass  with  the  necessities  of  the  commercial 

The  northern  part  of  the  township  is  much  more  favorable  for  agriculture  than 
the  southern,  and  especially  the  southwestern.  The  farms  are  well  improved,  and 
many  of  them  have  substantial  improvements  and  have  an  air  of  prosperity.  The 
stock  farm  of  W.  A.  Hale,  has  been  quite  a  business  center  and  has  attracted 
breeders  of  fine  stock  from  quite  a  distance. 

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The  inhabitants  are  thrifty  and  intelligent.  The  earlier  inhabitants  were 
largely  Americans,  but  in  later  years,  the  Germans  and  the  Irish  have  moved  in 
and  have  added  to  the  prosperous  conditions  of  the  township. 

The  first  settler  in  the  township  was  Edward  Saams,  who  came  in  the  year 
1844,  and  settled  near  the  center  of  the  township.  Other  early  settlers  were  Solo- 
mon Thomas,  Elisha  Dodge,  Robert  and  Smith  Condit,  John  Wallace,  Orrin 
Harvey,  John  Preston,  A.  P.  Condit,  David  Osborne,  George  Hall,  Leslie  Hanna, 
Alex  Crawford,  A.  W.  Barker,  Wm.  L.  Beeks,  John  A.  Reeves,  Silas  and  Jonas 
Saams,  Linus  Osborne,  Wm.  T.  Shaw,  M.  C.  Thompson,  John  Ogden,  A.  L.  Fair- 
banks, John  Powell,  Thos.  E.  Belknap,  Oliver  Doyle,  Wm.  Bowers,  George  Gallo- 
way, Dexter  Cunningham,  W.  J.  Arnold, Fuller, ^Acres,  Spencer  Pitcher. 

George  Palmer,  E.  B.  Alderman. 

The  first  child  bom  in  the  township  was  a  child  of  Edward  Saams. 

The  first  death  in  the  township  was  Edward  Sams  Reeves. 

The  first  marriage  in  Cass  township  was  Myron  Sexton,  or  Sarton,  and  Miss 
Elizabeth  Wilhite,  September  29,  185 1. 

The  first  schoolhouse  was  West  Cass,  in  the  year  1846.  The  name  of  the  first 
teacher  could  not  be  determined. 

The  first  preaching  service  was  by  Rev.  Troup,  a  United  Brethren  minister  in 

The  first  mill  was  built  in  1848  by  Gideon  H.  Ford,  at  Fremont.  The  first  frame 
building  in  the  township  was  built  by  Wm.  T.  Shaw,  on  the  Osborne  place.  E. 
Bonstell  was  the  first  to  make  music  on  the  anvil,  in  a  blacksmith  shop  erected 
in  1858. 

The  population  of  Cass  township  has  maintained  its  original  growth  as  well  as 
any  township  in  the  county.  In  i860  the  inhabitants  numbered  five  hundred  and 
ninety-seven.  According  to  the  1905  official  census  the  population  was  seven  hun- 
dred and  seventy-eight. 


The  schools  of  the  township  are  as  well  maintained  as  in  any  township  in  the 
county.  The  school  property  of  the  township  is  valued  at  nearly  five  thousand  dol- 
lars, while  the  school  apparatus  is  valued  at  over  one  thousand  dollars.  The 
school  libraries  have  in  all  over  six  hundred  volumes.  The  township  school  organ- 
ization is  maintained.  Miss  Ida  Lake  is  township  secretary,  and  A.  L.  Fairbanks, 
township  treasurer.  The  several  directors  are:  Geo.  Watt,  Thos.  Day,  N.  P. 
Gooley,  Fred.  Houseman,  W.  A.  Hale,  C.  B.  Darrow,  E.  H.  Grimm,  E.  Patnode. 


The  First  Congregational  church  of  Cass,  located  near  the  center  of  the 
township  of  the  same  name,  is  one  of  the  early  church  organizations  of  the 
county,  and  was  a  pioneer  in  religious  activity  which  has  survived  the  changes 
and  evolution  of  the  community. 

The  Cass  church  was  organized  in  June,  1856,  with  fourteen  charter  members, 
namely:  Mr.  and  Mrs.  A.  P.  Condit,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  R.  B.  Condit,  Mr.  and  Mrs. 

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J.  S.  Condit,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  George  Hall,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  J.  M.  Ogden,  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  O.  B.  Doyl,  Mrs.  Jeremiah  Friend  and  Mrs.  M.  C.  Thompson.  Of  this  list 
of  pioneer  workers,  a  few  still  survive.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  R.  B.  Condit  resided  in 
Cass  for  twenty-one  years,  and  during  all  of  that  time  were  zealous  church 
workers.  Mr.  Condit  filling  the  positions  of  sexton,  chorister  and  Sunday-school 
superintendent.  Mr.  Condit  and  wife  now  live  in  Los  Angeles,  California.  Mrs. 
Doyl  lives  at  Utica,  Nebraska.  J.  S.  Condit  and  wife  are  also  numbered  with 
the  inhabitants  of  earth.  The  others  of  the  charter  members  have  joined  the 
Church  Triumphant.  The  first  deacon  was  A.  P.  Condit.  Alexander  Crawford, 
Spencer  Pitcher  and  George  W.  Hall  were  elected  trustees  and  J.  S.  Condit,  clerk. 

In  the  spring  of  1855,  the  nucleus  of  the  Cass  Congregational  church,  first 
began  to  appear  upon  the  horizon  of  time.  At  that  time  Rev.  LaDue,  the  congre- 
gational minister  in  Anamosa,  began  holding  occasional  services  Sunday  after- 
noons in  a  small,  unpainted  schoolhouse  at  Cass  Center.  The  schoolhouse  was 
not  lathed  or  plastered  and  was  without  seats.  The  congregation  consisted  of  two 
or  three  families,  a  few  of  the  neighboring  men  and  boys  came  in  their  shirt 
sleeves  and  bare- footed  and  sat  around  on  the  fence  near  the  building.  It  is  told 
by  one  of  the  old  settlers,  that  one  of  the  men  who  sat  near  enough  to  hear,  said 
that  Mr.  LaDue  preached  just  like  any  minister;  that  he  had  expected  to  hear  a 
sermon  on  infant  damnation.  In  the  following  Jime,  1855,  the  church  was 

The  Sunday-school  was  organized  soon  afterward  with  R.  B.  Condit  as  super- 
intendent. The  library  consisted  of  a  new  testament  and  one  small  hymn  book. 
There  were  no  lesson  leaves,  quarterlies  or  papers.  Each  child  was  expected  to 
memorize  as  many  verses  of  Scripture  as  possible  and  recite  them  to  the  teacher 
at  the  school.  Some  of  the  scholars  would  recite  several  hundred  verses  at  one 

Soon  after  the  church  was  organized,  Rev.  LaDue  left  Anamosa  and  Rev.  S. 
A.  Benton  took  his  place.  In  the  winter  of  1857  a  protracted  meeting  was  held 
in  the  little  schoolhouse  which  was  now  completed.  The  pastor  was  assisted 
in  these  meetings  by  Rev.  C.  S.  Cady.  Much  interest  was  manifest,  and  as  a 
result  of  the  meetings,  the  church  membership  was  increased.  Rev.  C.  S.  Cady 
was  then  called  as  the  resident  pastor  of  the  young  church  and  moved  to  Cass 
-•about  October  i,  1858,  and  occupied  one  room  at  Deacon  A.  P.  Condits  house. 

At  a  meeting  held  November  24,  1858,  the  congregation  decided  to  build  a 
church,  and  M.  C.  Thompson,  Dr.  Hoskins,  J.  A.  Palmer,  R.  B.  Condit  and  O.  B. 
Doyl  were  appointed  as  a  building  committee.  Deacon  A.  B.  Condit  offered  to 
build  the  church  and  dedicate  it  free  from  debt  if  the  society  would  furnish  the 
foundation,  sills,  and  five  hundred  dollars  in  cash,  and  the  offer  was  accepted. 
R.  B.  Condit  donated  the  lot  for  the  church  and  also  for  the  cemetery.  In  the 
fall  of  i860,  the  church  was  dedicated  free  from  debt. 

These  were  strenuous  days  in  pioneer  church  life.  A  letter  by  Mrs. 
O.  B.  Doyl,  written  fifty  years  after  the  dedication  of  the  new  church  home, 
speaks  in  tenderness,  and  from  the  heart,  of  that  struggling  and  eventful  time, 
as  follows:  "I  remember  so  distinctly  how  happy  we  all  were  that  we  now 
had  a  home  and  could  worship  under  our  own  roof.  I  also  remember  when 
it  was  said  to  be  completed,  and  we  ladies  gathered  to  put  on  the  finishing 

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touches.  We  took  our  dinners  and  spent  the  day  putting  up  window  shades, 
laying  down  carpet  in  the  aisles,  and  trimming  the  desk.  We  were  a  happy  crowd. 
Life  before  us  was  then  so  hopeful.  Time  has  made  its  ravages,  and  as  I  turn 
the  leaf  over,  sadness  comes  to  me,  for  out  of  that  company  of  twenty  or  twenty- 
five,  I  cannot  think  of  more  than  half  a  dozen  still  living.  All  with  few  excep- 
tions are  sleeping  beside  that  structure  builded  fifty  years  ago." 

Rev.  Cady  left  Cass  in  1861,  and  for  a  period  of  five  months.  Rev.  Daniel 
Savage,  a  young  man  from  Boston,  ministered  to  the  spiritual  wants  of  the  con- 
gregation. After  one  years'  stay  in  the  wild  and  wooly  west,  he  was  succeeded 
by  Rev.  C.  C.  Humphrey,  who  remained  until  September,  1867.  Next  came 
Rev.  W.  H.  Hayward  who  remained  in  Cass  three  years.  Rev.  W.  H.  Barrows 
then  filled  the  pulpit  for  five  years,  and  during  his  pastorate,  the  church  be- 
came self-supporting.  Previously,  the  church  had  received  aid  from  the  Home 
Missionary  Society.  It  was  about  this  time  that  the  society  bought  a  house  and 
lot  for  a  parsonage. 

Following  Rev.  Mr.  Barrows,  the  spiritual  welfare  of  the  church  was  looked 
after  by  Rev.  E.  C.  Downs  for  two  years,  then  by  Rev.  James  Mitchell  for 
nearly  three  years.  During  the  latter  pastorate,  the  Ladies  Aid  Society  was  or- 
ganized, and  has  continued  to  be  a  valuable  organization.  In  January,  1880, 
a  call  was  extended  to  Rev.  George  Ritchie,  who  remained  until  July,  1882. 
During  this  pastorate,  the  parsonage  was  moved  to  a  new  lot,  and  improvements 
were  added,  making  it  more  comfortable  and  cozy.  Rev.  B.  M.  Amsden  then, 
supplied  the  pulpit  but  lived  at  his  home  in  Manchester.  November  11,  1883, 
Rev.  Daniel  Badwell  was  called  to  the  pastorate  and  remained  for  five  years. 
After  his  resignation  the  services  were  kept  up  without  a  regular  pastor  by- 
having  an  occasional  supply  until  October  10,  1889,  when  Rev.  Barrows  was 
again  called  as  pastor.  At  the  close  of  Rev.  Barrows'  pastorate  in  1894,  Rev. 
S.  F.  Milliken  of  the  Congregational  Church  of  Anamosa  conducted  services 
each  Sabbath  afternoon  for  five  years,  and  during  this  period,  during  the  year 
1895,  a  series  of  revival  meetings  were  conducted  by  N.  S.  Packard,  and  at  the 
close  of  the  meetings,  a  Christian  Endeavor  Society  was  organized  with  twenty- 
four  members,  and  proved  to  be  a  very  helpful  organization.  From  October,  1899 
to  July,  1902,  the  pulpit  was  filled  by  students  from  Coe  College.  During  the 
year  1902,  the  church  and  society  were  bereft  of  seven  very  helpful  members  in 
the  one  year. 

On  December  21,  1902,  the  church  extended  a  call  to  Rev.  A.  B.  Keeler  and 
on  April  21,  1903,  he  was  ordained,  the  services  being  held  at  the  church.  On 
account  of  poor  health  he  resigned,  the  same  taking  effect  December  28,  1903. 
The  pulpit  was  again  supplied  by  students  and  other  ministers  until  Rev.  H.  M. 
Pinkerton  was  called  as  pastor.  He  remained  eleven  months,  and  on  May  7, 
1905,  Rev.  George  Brimacomb  was  called  to  the  charge  and  remained  three  years, 
when  the  present  pastor.  Rev.  W.  R.  Bundy  became  the  resident  minister.  Dur- 
ing this  pastorate,  the  church  has  made  substantial  progress,  and  the  work 

The  present  officers :  trustees — George  Watt,  E.  M.  Hanna,  George  Brainard  ; 
clerk — Mrs.  Ruby  Ketcham;  deacons — W.  A.  Hale,  Harvey  House;  Christian 
Endeavor  Society — president,   Parke   Ogden ;   vice-president,   Miss   Ella  Watt ; 

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recording  secretary,  Miss  Hazel  Bray;  corresponding  secretary,  Miss  Hattie 
Ketcham;  treasurer,  Clarence  Hanna;  organist,  Miss  Jennie  Hale.  Ladies  Aid 
Society — ^president,  Mrs.  Warren  Wallace ;  vice-president,  Mrs.  George  Brainard ; 
secretary,  Mrs.  Ruby  Ketcham. 


1852 — Election  at  the  home  of  William  L.  Beeks,  April  5,  1852.  Trustees: 
George  A.  Calloway,  Manasseh  Reeves,  Edward  Sams;  clerk,  John  A.  Reeves; 
justices :  Edward  Sams  and  George  A.  Calloway. 

1853 — Trustees:  Manasseh  Reeves,  George  A.  Calloway,  Edward  Sams; 
clerk,  John  A.  Reeves. 

1854 — Trustees:  Elisha  Dodge,  William  L.  Beasly,  George  Palmer;  clerk, 
William  T.  Shaw;  justice,  Arad  Grover. 

1855 — ^Trustees:  George  W.  Hall,  George  Palmer,  William  Arnold;  clerk, 
Robert  B.  Condit;  assessor,  William  T.  Shaw;  justice,  Thomas  E.  Belknap. 

1856 — Trustees :  William  J.  Arnold,  George  Hall,  E.  B.  Alderman ;  clerk,  R.  B. 
Condit;  assessor,  E.  B.  Alderman;  justice,  W.  J.  Arnold. 

1857 — ^Trustees:  R.  B.  Condit,  Dexter  Cunningham,  E.  B.  Alderman;  clerk, 
A.  P.  Condit;  justice.  Dexter  Cunningham. 

1858 — ^Trustees:  William  J.  Arnold,  M.  C.  Thompson,  John  Preston;  clerk. 
Dexter  Cunningham. 

1859 — Trustees:  John  Preston,  M.  C.  Thompson,  James  Helma;  clerk,  E.  B. 

i860 — ^Trustees:  Linus  Osbom,  Samuel  B.  Tucker,  S.  Haskin;  clerk,  E.  B. 

1861 — Trustees:  E.  B.  Alderman,  Linus  Osborn,  M.  C.  Thompson;  clerk  Dex- 
ter Cunningham. 

1862 — ^Trustees:  Linus  Osborn,  D.  Goes,  William  Gillilan;  clerk,  S.  B.  Tucker. 

1863 — Trustees:  G.  G.  Noyes,  John  Crawford,  R.  B.  Condit;  clerk,  M.  C. 
Thompson ;  assessor,  Linus  Osbom ;  road  supervisors :  P.  D.  Goes,  Nelson  Van- 
horn,  WilHam  Gillilan,  S.  B.  Tucker,  L.  Guilford. 

1864 — Trustees:  R.  B.  Condit,  J.  A.  Crawford,  G.  G.  Noyes;  clerk,  M.  C. 

1865 — ^Trustees:  J.  A.  Crawford,  Carso  Crane,  Linus  Osbom;  clerk,  M.  C. 

1866 — ^Trustees:  J.  A.  Crawford,  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  Thomas  Perfect;  clerk, 
M.  C.  Thompson. 

1867 — ^Trustees :  J.  D.  Bowers,  Hiram  Thomley,  Lyman  Guilford;  clerk,  Carso 

1868 — Trustees:  M.  C.  Thompson,  J.  A.  Crawford,  J.  E.  Bonstel;  clerk,  Carso 
Crane;  road  supervisors;  M.  Sexton,  William  Bowers,  James  Sams,  John  Gris- 
wold,  G.  G.  Noyes,  William  F.  Titus.. 

1869 — ^Tmstees:  L.  N.  Pitcher,  O.  B.  Doyle,  William  Bowers;  clerk,  J.  E. 

1870 — ^Tmstees :  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  M.  C.  Thompson,  S.  M.  Cole ;  clerk,  J.  E. 

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1871 — Trustees:  John  Griswold,  Carso  Crane,  S.  M.  Cole;  cleric,  J.  E. 

1872 — Trustees:  R.  B.  Condit,  J.  A.  Crawford,  A.  J.  Byerly;  clerk,  J.  E. 

1873 — Trustees:  A.  J.  Byerly,  Patrick  Washington,  J.  S.  Condit;  clerk,  J.  E. 

1874 — Trustees:  Linus  Osborn,  John  Griswold,  William  Bowers;  clerk,  S.  M. 

1875 — Trustees:  William  Bowers,  John  Griswold,  Linus  Osborn;  clerk,  S.  M. 

1876 — Trustees:  Miles  Colton,  H.  H.  Monroe,  C.  P.  Atwood;  clerk,  J.  E. 

1877 — Trustees:  William  Bowers,  Miles  Colton,  G.  G.  Noyes;  clerk,  J.  E. 
Bonstel;  road  supervisors:  George  Smedley,  George  Thomas,  O.  T.  Day,  John 
Griswold,  H.  H.  Monroe,  L.  Guilford,  W.  G.  Gallagher, Rowley. 

1878 — Trustees:  H.  H.  Monroe,  William  Bowers,  John  Griswold;  clerk,  J.  E. 
Bonstel ;  assessor,  Presley  Hanna. 

1879 — Trustees:  J.  A.  Crawford,  G.  G.  Noyes,  Presl^  Hanna;  clerk,  J.  E. 
Bonstel;  assessor,  A.  L.  Fairbanks. 

1880 — Trustees:  G.  G.  Noyes,  J.  A.  Crawford,  Presley  Hanna;  clerk,  A.  J. 
Byerly;  assessor,  A.  L.  Fairbanks. 

1881 — Trustees:  J.  A.  Crawford,  P.  Hanna,  G.  G.  Noyes;  clerk,  A.  J.  Byerly; 
assessor,  A.  L.  Fairbanks. 

1882 — Trustees:  G.  G.  Noyes,  J.  A.  Crawford,  P.  Hanna;  clerk,  A.  J.  Byerly; 
assessor,  A.  L.  Fairbanks ;  supervisors :  H.  B.  Benton,  C.  Thomas,  Lyman  Guil- 
ford, E.  Ketcham,  H.  H.  Monroe,  M.  W.  Gray,  S.  C.  Mayberry,  Presley  Hanna. 

1883— Trustees:  P.  Hanna,  J.  K.  Hale,  J.  A.  Crawford;  clerk,  A.  J.  Byerly; 
assessor,  A.  L.  Fairbanks. 

1884 — Trustees:  J.  S.  Condit,  P.  Hanna,  J.  K.  Hale;  clerk,  A.  J.  Byerly; 
assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1885— Trustees :  J.  K.  Hale,  J.  S.  Condit,  P.  Hanna;  clerk,  A.  J.  Byerly; 
assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1886— Trustees :  F.  J.  Brainard,  J.  K.  Hale,  J.  S.  Condit;  clerk,  A.  J.  Byerly; 
assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1887— Trustees:  J.  S.  Condit,  F.  J.  Brainard,  J.  K.  Hale;  clerk,  J.  E.  Bonstel; 
assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly, 

1888— Trustees :  J.  S.  Condit,  F.  J.  Brainard,  G.  W.  Gallagher;  clerk,  J.  E. 
Bonstel ;  assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1889— Trustees :  J.  K.  Hale,  William  Bowers,  J.  S.  Condit;  clerk,  C.  A. 
Thomas;  assessor,  G.  W.  Gallagher. 

1890— Trustees :  J.  S.  Condit,  J.  K.  Hale,  E.  H.  Stacy;  clerk,  O.  B.  Fuller; 
assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1891 — Trustees:  J.  S.  Condit,  Arthur  Hanna,  John  K.  Hale;  clerk,  W.  A. 
Ladd;  assessor,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1892 — Trustees:  A,  L.  Hanna,  John  Gerdes,  J.  S.  Condit;  clerk.  W.  A.  Ladd; 
assessor.  A.  J.  Byerly. 

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1893 — ^Trustees :  A.  L.  Hanna,  G.  A.-  Thomas,  John  Gerdes ;  clerk,  H.  H 
Monroe;  assessor,  G.  W.  Gallagher;  justices:  N.  P.  Clark,  William  Thomas; 
constables :  J.  S.  Condit,  Miles  Colton. 

1894 — ^Trustees :  A.  L.  Hanna,  John  Gerdes,  George  A.  Thomas ;  clerk,  H.  H 
Monroe;  assessor,  G.  W.  Gallagher;  justice,  John  Ketcham;  constables:  F.  J 
Brainard,  J.  S.  Condit. 

1895 — Trustees:  John  Gerdes,  George  A.  Thomas,  A.  L.  Hanna;  clerk,  H.  H 
Monroe;  assessor,  G.  W.  Gallagher;  supervisors:  F.  J.  Brainard,  G.  A.  Thomas^ 
J.  J.  Hermer,  G.  G.  Ketcham,  E.  A.  Osbom,  Will  Siebles,  C.  W.  losty,  L.  J. 
Hanna,  Joe  Sampica. 

1896 — Trustees:  G.  A.  Thomas,  John  Gerdes,  W.  L.  Ketcham;  clerk,  H.  H 
Monroe;  assessor,  G.  W.  Gallagher. 

1897— Trustees:  W.  A.  Ladd,  John  Gerdes,  G.  A.  Thomas;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray;  assessor,  W.  A.  Hale;  justices:  A.  J.  Byerly,  Miles  Colton. 

1898 — Trustees:  George  Thomas,  William  A.  Ladd,  John  Gerdes;  clerk, 
W.  W.  Bray;  assessor,  W.  A.  Hale. 

1899— Trustees :  W.  A.  Ladd,  D.  M.  Griffin,  John  Gerdes;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray;  assessor,  William  A.  Hale;  justices:  A.  H.  Morey,  Matthew  Bruce;  con- 
stables :  W.  A.  Ladd,  L.  D.  Gallagher. 

1900— Trustees:  W.  A.  Ladd,  D.  M.  Griffin,  John  Gerdes;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray ;  assessor,  W.  A.  Hale. 

1901— Trustees :  W.  A.  Ladd,  D.  M.  Griffin,  A.  L.  Hanna;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray;  assessor,  W.  A.  Hale. 

1902— Trustees:  W.  A.  Ladd,  W.  A.  Hale,  W.  L.  Ketcham;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray ;  assessor,  W.  A.  Hale. 

1903— Trustees :  W.  L.  Ketcham,  N.  P.  Dark,  J.  H.  Shields;  clerk,  D.  M. 
Griffin;  assessor,  W.  C.  Monroe. 

1904 — Trustees:  Mike  Marek,  N.  P.  Clark,  William  A.  Hale;  clerk,  D.  M. 
Griffin ;  assessor,  W.  C.  Monroe. 

1905— Trustees:  N.  P.  Qark,  Mike  Marek,  W.  A.  Hale;  clerk,  D.  M. 
Griffin ;  assessor,  W.  C.  Monroe. 

1906 — Trustees:  N.  P.  Clark,  W.  A.  Hale,  Mike  Marek;  clerk,  W.  C.  Monroe; 
assessor,  W.  C.  Monroe. 

1907 — Trustees:  W.  A.  Hale,  W.  W.  Wallace,  Mike  Marek;  clerk,  L.  D. 
Gallagher;  assessor,  W.  C.  Monroe. 

1908— Trustees :  W.  W.  Wallace,  Mike  Marek,  E.  M.  Hanna ;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray;  assessor,  W.  C.  Monroe. 

1909 — ^Trustees:  E.  M.  Hanna,  W.  W.  Wallace,  Mike  Marek;  clerk,  W.  W. 
Bray;  assessor,  N.  P.  Clark.    No  justice  has  qualified. 


The  northwest  township  in  the  county  was  organized  as  a  separate  township 
and  called  Castle  Grove,  on  January  i,  1855,  the  first  township  election  being 
held  on  April  2,  1855,  at  a  schoolhouse.  This  election  is  more  particularly  set 
out  in  connection  with  the  official  roster  of  the  township. 

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Castle  Grove  is  one  of  the  fertile  agricultural  townships  of  the  county.  The 
northern  part  contains  some  timber  lands,  but  the  timber  is  being  n^idly  used 
up  for  fuel.  The  southern  and  central  part  is  a  splendid  farming  cotmtry.  The 
soil  raises  large  crops  and  the  farm  buildings  give  an  air  of  prosperity  and  com- 
fort. The  people  are  of  various  nationalities,  the  Yankee,  the  Irishman,  and  the 
German,  mingling  freely  and  in  harmony.  The  inhabitants  are  thrifty,  indus- 
trious and  persevering. 


Among  the  early  settlers  of  the  township,  we  find  the  names  of  the  following 
pioneers:  Benejah  Beardsley  and  his  two  sons,  Alex  and  Fred  Beardsley;  Dan 
Bartholomew,  Philip  Mitchell,  Horace  Downer,  T.  J.  Peak,  Joshua  R.  Clark,  Isaac 
Avery,  Simeon  Forman,  James  McLaughlin,  John  Drew,  Thomas  S.  Hubbiard, 
Nicholas  Miller,  Dan  Mason,  John  Ansberry,  Addison  Smith,  William  Robinson, 
Lewis  Patton,  Sam  Dickinson,  Robert  Hogg,  John  Blanchard,  Ira,  Uri  and  Aaron 
Blanchard,  George  and  Joseph  Rutherford,  Edward  Troy,  John  Stone,  Patrick 
Mullady,  William  and  Louis  Ainsworth,  Robert  and  John  Wilson,  Dennis  Hogan, 
D.  M.  Hogan,  James  Hogan,  John  Galligan,  Patrick  Murphy,  Patrick  Waddick, 
Simon  Kehoe,  William  Kehoe,  P.  A.  Kehoe,  John  Lahn,  James  Lahn,  Sr.  and  Jr., 
Kearn  Kennedy,  John  McLees,  Thomas  and  Andrew  Cunningham,  Horace  and 
George  Gill,  Dan,  William  and  Isaac  Orcutt,  Americus,  Jerome  and  Oscor  Scott, 
Robert  and  Hugh  Howie,  Nelson,  George  and  Albert  Higby,  Robert  and  Henry 
Henderson,  John  Heisey,  William  Rearick,  Joshua  Witherbee,  Chadwicks, 
Squires,  Riders,  Deischers,  Slade,  Crawls,  Highs  and  others. 

The  township  of  Castle  Grove  has  had  several  places  within  her  borders  where 
there  were  headquarters,  but  no  place  has  approached  the  dignity  of  a  town. 
Sumner  was  platted  by  Horace  Downer  in  June,  1855,  but  the  development  of 
the  place  was  limited  to  a  postoflfice,  with  perhaps  a  store  and  blacksmith  shop. 
This  platted  portion  of  the  township  was  in  the  central  part  of  section  14.  Hor- 
ace Downer  was  commissioned  postmaster  of  Downerville,  September  26,  1870, 
and  the  office  was  discontinued  in  January,  1872.  Albert  Higby  had  a  general 
store  at  Sumner  in  an  early  day.  H.  Crosby  was  one  of  the  early  store  keepers. 
A  man  named  Regor  had  a  blacksmith  and  repair  shop.  Tarbor  had  a  shoe  repair 
shop.    Horace  Downer  operated  a  steam  sawmill. 


The  Castle  Grove  postoffice  was  among  the  first  established  in  the  county. 
Benejah  Beardsley  was  commissioned  to  conduct  a  postoffice  by  this  name  on 
February  17,  185 1.  No  one  disputed  his  right  to  the  emoluments  of  this  posi- 
tion until  December  19,  1859,  when  Joshua  Witherbee  received  the  appointment. 
Benejah  Beardsley  however  soon  regained  possession  of  the  office  by  appoint- 
ment on  June  23,  i860.  On  July  11,  1861,  William  Peak  received  the  appoint- 
ment only  to  occupy  the  office  for  a  few  months,  for  we  find  that  on  Decem- 
ber 23,  1861,  the  Castle  Grove  Postoffice  was  discontinued.  On  February  10, 
1862,  the  office  was  reestablished,  and  William  M.  Starr  was  the  man  in  charge. 

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Again  on  December  29,  1865,  the  office  was  discontinued.  After  a  short  period, 
the  office  was  again  reestablished  on  March  30,  1868  with  Jacob  A,  Ommen  as 
postmaster.  Mr.  Ommen  was  followed  in  succession  by  Jacob  Leesekamp,  Octo- 
ber 26,  1874;  Miss  Alice  Gadmer,  June  ist,  1876;  James  King,  March  28th, 
1879;  Amy  Hibbard,  January  16,  1882;  Charles  C.  Scott,  February  24,  1882; 
Howard  M.  Scott,  April  26,  1883;  John  A.  Wright,  February  10,  1887;  Harm 
Rickels,  November  26,  1887.  The  office  was  finally  discontinued  November  24, 
1903,  the  mail  being  directed  to  Monticello  and  delivered  on  the  rural  mail  routes 
which  were  established  about  that  time. 

A  postoffice  had  been  established  at  Benejah  Beardsley's  in  1848  or  1849,  *he 
mail  being  carried  on  the  route  from  Anamosa  to  Delhi.  This  office  was  dis- 
continued before  the  war. 

The  Argand  postoffice,  in  the  northwest  part  of  the  township  was  established 
May  7,  1880,  with  John  H.  Hopkins  as  the  postmaster.  On  December  7,  1883, 
Edward  Turner  received  the  appointment.  April  12,  1889,  Matthew  Murphy 
was  commissioned  to  act  for  Uncle  Sam.  August  15,  1891,  Edward  J.  McDon- 
ald became  the  local  Nasby,  and  on  June  15,  1892,  he  was  succeeded  by  Arthur 
McDonald.    The  office  was  discontinued  November  16,  1899. 


The  Castle  Grove  Mill  was  located  in  the  northeastern  part  of  the  township 
and  was  built  about  1872,  by  Levi  Berlin  and  Samuel  Stambaugh.  This  was  a 
grist  and  flouring  mill.  The  mill  was  erected  at  a  cost  of  about  ten  thousand 
dollars.  The  capacity  of  the  mill  was  said  to  be  about  one  hundred  bushels  of 
wheat  per  day. 


Castle  Grove  Township  is  as  well  equipped  with  education  advantages  for 
the  children  as  any  of  the  country  districts  of  the  county.  On  July  I,  1868,  we 
find  County  Superintendent  Stillman  reports  seven  schools  in  the  township  with 
an  aggregate  attendance  of  one  hundred  and  seventy-two  scholars.  District 
number  one  at  Grove  Creek,  taught  by  Miss  Sadie  Berlin,  had  thiry-six  scholars ; 
number  two,  Miss  Agnes  Matthews,  twenty-five  pupils;  number  three.  Miss 
Jannette  Springer,  twenty-six  pupils ;  number  four,  Miss  Carrie  Springer,  twenty- 
eight  scholars;  number  five,  Miss  Lucy  Butterfield,  seventeen  pupils;  number 
six.  Miss  Alice  Ke^oe,  thirty  pupils;  number  seven.  Miss  Mary  McLees,  ten 
scholars.  Further  information  of  the  Castle  Grove  schools  at  the  present  time 
will  be  found  on  another  page  under  the  title  of  "Educational." 

The  population  of  the  township  according  to  the  i860  census  was  five  hun- 
dred and  fifty-nine,  which  in  the  census  of  1905,  has  increased  to  seven  hundred 
and  one. 


This  once  flourishing  dairy  institution  was  organized  September  2,  1892, 
and  for  a  number  of  years  was  one  of  the  most  successful  organizations  ever 
existing  in  the  township.    The  first  ofiicers  of  the  mutual  company  were :  presi- 

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dent,  J.  A.  McLaughlin;  vice  president,  E.  M.  Moore;  secretary,  James  F.  Laude; 
treasurer,  A.  W.  Cramer. 

The  original  stockholders  in  the  company  were:  J.  F.  Laude,  J.  A,  Howie, 
J.  A.  McLaughlin,  William  Galligan,  Farney  Brothers,  Levi  Berlin,  Thomas 
Rearick,  E.  M.  Moore,  Romaine  Shear,  L.  Welch,  E.  E.  Orcutt,  Frank  Howie, 
Charles  Howie,  A.  W.  Cramer,  F.  D.  McLaughlin,  D.  M.  Hogan,  John  Burrack, 
Patrick  Hogan,  Joseph  O'Rourke,  John  M.  Lang,  William  Kehoe,  John  McLees, 
O.  F.  Hosford,  John  L.  Graves,  John  Haley,  Michael  Haley,  James  Haley,  C.  T. 
Berlin,  Louis  Reager,  M.  McLaughlin,  Arthur  Fairbanks,  P.  H.  Evers,  Jacob  Zim- 
merman, John  Delay,  Leslie  Orcutt,  F.  T.  Zimmerman,  Peter  Drees,  E.  A.  Clark, 
J.  F.  Delay,  G.  N.  Harken,  A.  F.  M.  Casper,  A.  Goodinkoflf,  D.  E.  Kehoe,  A.  M. 
Fairbanks,  M.  Mutzenburg,  J.  D.  Poppe,  J.  B.  Hoss,  C.  A.  Thomas,  Krueger 
Brothers,  L.  G.  Hildreth,  G.  Zimmerman,  D.  W.  Cunningham,  James  McLees, 
J.  D.  Qark,  C.  A.  Fairbanks,  George  Gill,  John  Holler,  Rank  Filers,  Ed  Harms, 
Pat  Kehoe,  F.  Jossie,  James  Galligan,  John  Rickels,  M.  Nickel,  John  Hubbard, 
John  Gillen,  J.  K.  Heikem,  F.  Hadden. 

The  new  company  began  business  about  January  i,  1893,  and  continued  to 
operate  the  creamery  which  had  been  erected  at  Downertown  in  section  14,  until 
about  1900,  when  the  business  was  closed  up,  due  to  some  dissatisfaction  that  had 
arisen.  The  creamery  was  later  leased  to  a  party  from  Waterloo  who  conducted 
the  business  a  short  time  and  then  sub-let  it  to  D.  L.  Brundage  of  Cleveland, 
Ohio.  Under  this  management  the  business  was  conducted  for  a  short  time, 
and  again  the  creamery  was  shut  down.  Some  of  the  former  stockholders  of  the 
cooperative  company  then  hired  C.  R.  Wilder  as  butter  maker  and  the  business 
opened  up  for  a  short  time.  In  September,  1905,  C.  R.  Wilder  leased  the  cream- 
ery plant  and  has  since  conducted  the  creamery  business  with  quite  general  sat- 
isfaction to  the  patrons. 


This  local  mutual  telephone  company  was  organized  in  1901,  with  E.  J.  Noble, 
president ;  vice  president,  S.  M.  Hosford ;  secretary,  John  Deischer  and  treasurer, 
James  Howie.  About  this  time  the  Jones  County  Telephone  Company  began 
to  string  its  wires  over  the  county,  and  the  local  organization  subsided. 

farmers'    mutual   insurance   association    of  CASTLE  GROVE. 

This  mutual  fire  insurance  association  was  organized  December  17,  1907,  but  it 
was  not  until  March  7,  1908,  that  the  new  organization  began  its  business.  The 
officers  and  directors  were  elected  and  the  Articles  of  Incorporation  adopted. 
J.  A.  McLaughlin  was  elected  president;  vice  president,  Andrew  Davidson, 
secretary,  S.  M.  Hosford;  treasurer,  J.  A.  Howie;  directors:  James  Hogan,  J.  A. 
McLaughlin,  Dennis  Delay,  J.  A.  Howie,  Andrew  Davidson;  adjusters:  Arthur 
Fairbanks,  E.  J.  Noble,  T.  F.  Kehoe.  These  are  also  the  present  officers  of  the 

The  object  of  the  association  as  stated  in  its  articles  of  incorporation,  is  as 
follows :  *The  purpose  of  this  corporation  will  be  for  its  members  to  enter  into 

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contracts  to  and  with  each  other  for  their  insurance  from  loss  or  damage  from 
fire  and  lightning,  of  the  property  owned  by  its  members,  and  which  shall  be 
designated  in  the  contracts  and  policies.  But  this  association  or  corporation  shall 
in  no  case  insure  any  property  not  owned  by  one  of  its  own  members,  and  its 
insurance  shall  be  exclusive  and  not  concurrent  with  other  insurance  compan- 
ies, and  the  reinsurance  of  risks  of  similar  associations.  And  the  territory  within 
which  this  corporation  does  business  shall  be  confined  to  Jones  county  and  the 
counties  contiguous  thereto." 

Those  who  became  charter  members  of  the  association  are:  M.  F.  Byrne, 
Black  Brothers,  P.  E.  Black,  Mrs.  James  Crowley,  Maurice  Cashman,  Patrick 
Crowley,  J.  B.  Black,  Est.,  William  Crowley,  Andrew  Davidson,  Dennis  Delay, 
James  F.  Delay,  Roy  Dighton,  Henry  L.  Evans,  J.  M.  Evers,  John  L.  Evers, 
P.  H.  Evers,  W.  P.  Fleming,  Thomas  Fleming,  A.  M.  Fairbanks,  Arthur  Fair- 
banks, A.  L.  Fairbanks,  John  Gavin,  James  Hogan,  D.  J.  Hogan,  Mrs.  M.  Hogan, 
W.  F.  Hinty,  W.  L.  Himes,  John  Hennessey,  G.  J.  Heiken,  Michael  Haley,  Laur- 
ence Haley,  James  Haley,  Patrick  Hogan,  S.  M.  Hosfofd,  O.  F.  Hosford,  J.  A. 
Hubbard,  J.  A.  Howie,  Frank  Howie,  S.  B.  King,  Mrs.  S.  Kehoe,  W.  T.  Kehoe, 
Peter  J.  Kehoe,  Thomas  F.  Kehoe,  John  H.  Lubben,  Pat  Leonard,  Thomas 
E.  McAleer,  Stephen  A.  McAleer,  John  McCrea,  Art  McDonald,  M.  and  F.  D. 
McLaughlin,  J.  A.  McLaughlin,  George  McLees,  M.  S.  Murphy,  E.  J.  Noble, 
E.  E.  Orcutt,  Joe  O'Rourke,  P.  C.  Smith,  Thomas  Supple,  Martin  Trimble, 
Charles  B.  Wemimont,  John  Burrack.  These  sixty-one  original  policies  repre- 
sented risks  amounting  to  ninety-one  thousand,  four  hundred  and  eighty-one 

At  the  end  of  the  first  year  of  business,  there  were  eighty-two  members  and 
risks  amounting  to  nearly  one  hundred  and  seventy  thousand  dollars.  The  asso- 
ciation is  increasing  in  membership  and  in  the  volume  of  business.  The  secre- 
tary is  one  of  the  hustling  and  wide-a-wake  young  men  of  the  township,  and  the 
members  are  the  substantial  land  and  property  owners  of  the  community. 

On  October  i,  1909,  this  insurance  company  had  risks  in  force  in  the  amount 
of  two  hundred  and  thirty-seven  thousand,  nine  hundred  and  forty-four  dol- 
lars. The  losses  paid  to  date,  one  hundred  and  forty-two  dollars  and  seventy- 
five  cents.  There  were  an  even  one  hundred  members  in  the  association  October 
I,   1909. 


In  May,  1900.  Rev.  S.  R.  Ferguson,  missionary  of  the  Presbyterian  church 
in  Iowa,  with  the  assistance  of  Rev.  J.  W.  Innes,  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian 
church  of  Monticello,  organized  two  Sabbath-schools  in  Castle  Grove  township; 
one  at  the  Moore  school,  and  the  other  at  the  Deer  Creek  Schoolhouse. 

On  September  2nd  of  the  same  year.  Captain  A.  R.  0*Brien  of  Lemars,  Iowa, 
under  the  direction  of  the  Presbyterian  Board  of  Sabbath-school  Work,  began  a 
series  of  evangelical  meetings  in  a  tent  pitched  near  the  home  of  James  A.  Howie. 
Captain  O'Brien  was  assisted  in  the  meetings  by  the  singers.  Miss  Rosetta  Day 
of  Maynard  and  Mr.  C.  B.  Harvey  of  Independence,  Iowa.  The  meetings  con- 
tinued for  some  weeks  with  good  results. 

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On  Monday  night,  October  i,  1900,  the  people  voted  to  ask  the  Cedar  Rapids 
Presbytery  for  the  organization  of  a  Presbyterian  church  in  Castle  Grove.  Ori 
Monday  evening,  October  8,  1900,  the  church  was  organized  by  a  committee  of 
Presbytery  with  the  following  charter  members :  Mrs.  James  A.  Howie,  Frank 
Howie,  Mrs.  Frank  Howie,  John  W.  Gilligan,  Fannie  Gilligan,  Mrs.  Dorothy 
Cunningham,  Romaine  Shear,  Mrs.  Ada  Shear,  Alfred  Laude,  Margaret  Noble, 
Kate  E.  Hall,  Mrs.  Eliza  Moore,  Mrs.  J.  A.  Hubbard,  Charles  Howie,  Mrs. 
Charles  Howie,  Donald  Barclay,  Elmer  E.  Orcutt,  Mrs.  Kathryn  Orcutt,  Elmer 
J.  Noble,  Mrs.  Elmer  Noble,  Henry  Evans,  Pearl  Orcutt,  Florence  Hubbard, 
Lulu  Howie,  Blanche  Noble,  Elsie  C.  Noble,  Grace  D.  Noble,  Lena  Quabet, 
Rosa  Moore  and  Lotta  Laude. 

Plans  were  immediately  projected  for  the  erection  of  a  chapel.  Mr.  Robert 
Howie  presented  to  the  Presbyterian  board  of  the  church,  the  present  church 
site,  and  the  building  was  begun  in  the  fall  of  1900.  On  March  3,  1901,  the 
chapel  was  dedicated  by  Rev.  C.  H.  Purmort  of  the  Cedar  Rapids  Presbytery. 

The  first  elders  of  the  new  church  were :  E.  E.  Orcutt,  J.  W.  GiUilan  and  E.  J. 
Noble ;  and  the  first  trustees :  A.  W.  Cramer,  J.  A.  Howie,  Mrs.  Margaret  Noble. 
The  present  elders:  William  F.  Hintz,  Frank  M.  Benedict  and  Elmer  J.  Noble; 
and  the  present  trustees :  John  Lubben,  Frank  M.  Benedict  and  James  A.  Howie. 
A  flourishing  Sunday-school  is  maintained  with  William  F.  Hintz  as  superintend- 
ent and  Miss  Hazel  Hubbard,  secretary.  Rev.  J.  W.  Parkhill  of  Lenox  College, 
Hopkinton,  Iowa,  is  serving  the  church  very  acceptably  at  present  as  a  stated 


This  religious  organization  began  its  historic  existence  in  1855,  under  the 
ministrations  of  Rev.  John  Miller.  Daniel  High  was  the  first  class  leader.  The 
church  building  was  erected  in  1876  at  a  cost  of  one  thousand,  four  hundred  dol- 
lars, and  yet  stands  as  a  monument  of  the  energy  and  enthusiasm  of  its  members 
at  that  time.  The  membership  was  not  large,  but  it  was  composed  of  active, 
zealous  and  loyal  workers  in  the  cause.  The  first  trustees  were  Daniel  Deischer, 
Henry  Heisy,  John  Heisy,  John  Wint  and  Benjamin  Rider.  Later  trustees  were 
Benjamin  Rider,  Daniel  Deischer,  John  Heisey,  John  Kline  and  Madison  Franks. 
The  removal  of  its  members  several  years  ago,  caused. the  organization  to  de- 
cline. No  services  have  been  held  in  the  church  building  for  over  ten  years, 
though  the  building  yet  stands  in  the  southwest  part  of  the  township  on  section 


The  Baptist  church  was  organized  in  Castle  Grove  on  the  5th  of  July,  1874. 
James  Starr  was  elected  clerk  and  B.  F.  Searles  and  Jerome  Scott,  were  chosen 
deacons.  The  church  edifice  was  dedicated  September  26,  1876.  Some  of  the 
pastors  have  been :  Revs.  J.  W.  Thompson,  L.  H.  Thompson,  W.  C.  Archer,  J.  G. 
Johnson.  The  organization  only  lived  a  few  years,  and  had  erected  a  neat  church 
building  on  a  commanding  spot  in  section  21.  The  building  was  sold  to  the  Ger- 
man Lutheran  Society  in  1884  and  is  now  used  and  maintained  for  church  pur- 
poses by  that  society. 

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The  German  Evangelical  Lutheran  Peter  and  Paul's  church  to  Castle  Grove 
was  organized  November  lo,  1884,  with  the  following  officers:  Trustees:  John 
Stadtmueller,  Peter  Ommen  and  Henry  Heiken ;  deacon,  Gerd  J.  Rickels ;  secre- 
tary, John  Stadtmueller ;  treasurer,  Gerd  J.  Rickels.  The  pastor  was  Rev.  Mardorf . 
On  November  15,  1884,  the  newly  organized  society  purchased  the  Baptist  church 
building  for  five  hundred  dollars  and  this  building  and  property  is  now  being 
maintained  by  the  German  society. 

The  present  officers  are:  Trustees:  Harm  Rickels,  John  Siebels,  William 
Tutken;  deacons:  Thomas  Ulrich,  Eibo  Eiben;  organist,  Mrs.  Close  Willms; 
secretary,  A.  F.  ^^.  Casper ;  pastor.  Rev.  Hans  Naether.  There  are  about  fifty 
members  at  present,  and  the  outside  appearance  of  the  church  at  least  indicates 
prosperity.    Regular  services  are  held  and  the  work  of  the  church  is  flourishing. 


A  full  and  complete  history  of  the  Catholic  church  of  Castle  Grove  may  be 
found  under  the  title  of  the  Catholic  church  in  Jones  county. 


The  first  election  of  officers  in  Castle  Grove  township  was  held  at  the  school- 
house  near  Mr.  Beardsley's  on  the  2nd  day  of  April,  1855.  John  Scott  was 
chairman  of  the  meeting  called  to  organize  the  township  and  for  the  election 
of  officers.  John  Scott,  Horace  Downer  and  Ezra  C.  Springer  were  chosen  as 
judges  of  election,  and  Thomas  S.  Hubbard  and  Albert  Higby,  clerks  of  election. 

At  the  election  held  on  that  date,  the  following  persons  were  voted  for  as 
candidates  for  the  respective  offices,  together  with  the  number  of  votes  each 
received : 

Trustees :  John  Scott,  forty-two ;  Horace  Downer,  thirty-six ;  Thomas  J.  Peak, 
thirty-eight;  Ezra  Springer,  six;  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  seven;  Samuel  J.  Clark 
and  Albert  Higby,  one  each. 

For  Qerk:  Monroe  Scott,  three;  Albert  Higby,  thirty-nine;  John  Stone, 

For  Assessor:  John  Scott,  thirty-two;  Horace  Downer,  twelve;  J.  B.  Scott, 
three;  Thomas  J.  Peak,  seven. 

Justices:  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  twenty-seven;  Frederick  Beardsley,  thirty- 
five  ;  Horace  Downer,  four ;  John  Scott,  twenty-flve ;  J.  B.  Scott,  one. 

Constables:  A.  G.  Beardsley,  forty-one;  James  M.  Scott,  forty-one;  Thomas 
Healy,  one. 

Supervisors  of  Highways:  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  thirty-three;  William  Ains- 
wbrth.  thirty-three ;  M.  Scott,  five ;  J.  Scott  and  P.  Mitchell,  one  each. 

For  the  prohibitory  law :  For,  nineteen ;  against,  thirty-two. 

For  the  hog  law :  For,  thirty-nine ;  against,  ten. 

For  the  sheep  law :  For,  thirty ;  against,  sixteen. 

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1855 — ^Trustees:  John  Scott,  Horace  Downer,  Thomas  J.  Peak;  clerk,  Albert 
Higby;  assessor,  John  Scott;  justices:  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  Frederick  Beardsley; 
constables:  A.  G.  Beardsley,  James  M.  Scott. 

1856 — Trustees:  Thomas  J.  Peak,  Horace  Downer,  Philip  Mitchell;  clerk, 
George  Higby;  assessor,  Thomas  J.  Peak;  justices:  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  F.  F. 
Beardsley;  constables:  Alexander  G.  Beardsley,  Nelson  W.  Tracy;  road  super- 
visors: Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  John  McConnon,  S.  M.  Stewart. 

1857 — Trustees:  Horace  Gill,  Philip  Mitchell,  Horace  Downer;  clerk,  George 
Higby;  assessor,  Thomas  J.  Peak;  constables:  N.  W.  Tracy,  Norman  Water- 
house;  supervisors:  David  Morse,  F.  F.  Beardsley,  Robert  Wilson. 

1858 — ^Trustees:  Philip  Mitchell,  Horace  W.  Gill,  J.  C.  Cooper;  clerk,  George 
Higby;  justices:  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  Thomas  J.  Peak;  constables:  Nelson  W. 
Tracy,  John  A.  Field;  supervisors:  Nathan  Crouch,  John  Ingram,  Samuel 

1859— Trustees  •  Horace  W.  Gill,  Philip  Mitchell,  Robert  Wilson ;  clerk,  J.  C 
Cooper;  assessor,  Thomas  J.  Peak;  justices:  Thomas  J.  Peak,  Horace  Gill;  con- 
stables: Rosolvo  Rice,  N.  W.  Tracy;  supervisors:  E.  Troy,  George  Gates,  Gideon 
Slade,  Lewis  Ainsworth,  Jonathan  Drew,  Daniel  Deischer,  Hume  Twamley. 

i860 — ^Trustees :  John  McConnon,  Philip  Mitchell,  John  McLees ;  clerk,  J.  C. 
Cooper;  assessor,  Henry  Henderson;  justice,  Timothy  Caswell;  constables: 
George  A.  Gill,  John  Delay ;  supervisors :  T.  Caswell,  G.  M.  Gates,  J.  Neal,  John 
McConnon,  Joshua  R.  Lathrop,  George  A.  Gill,  Henry  Heisey. 

1861 — Trustees:  John  McConnon,  John  McLees,  J.  S.  Lathrop;  clerk,  Levi 
Lindsey;  assessor,  Henry  Henderson;  justices:  William  M.  Starr,  J.  M.  Wilson; 
constables :  Simeon  Freeman,  George  A.  Gill ;  supervisors :  S.  M.  Stewart,  Michael 
Hogan,  George  Ketcham,  James  Campbell,  Horace  W.  Gill,  Daniel  Deischer. 

1862 — Trustees:  Robert  Henderson,  N.  F.  Higby,  B.  A.  Shepard;  clerk,  H. 
Henderson ;  assessor,  John  Galligan ;  supervisors,  S.  M.  Stewart,  Dennis  McCor- 
mack,  L.  F.  Scott,  G.  Farnham,  Joshua  S.  Lathrop,  George  A.  Gill,  Jonathan 

1863— Trustees :  S.  M.  Stewart,  H.  Gill,  J.  S.  Lathrop;  clerk,  Thomas  S. 
Hubbard;  assessor,  Henry  Henderson;  justices:  C.  J.  Stephenson,  D.  M.  Hogan; 
constables :  George  Butterfield,  David  Dexter ;  county  supervisor,  Leman  Palmer ; 
road  supervisors :  John  McLees,  P.  Mullady,  Simeon  Kehoe,  L.  F.  Scott,  P.  Mit- 
chell, David  Morse,  William  Titus,  A.  H.  Dow. 

1864 — Trustees:  S.  M.  Stewart,  H.  W.  Gill,  Joshua  Lathrop;  clerk,  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard;  assessor,  Henry  Henderson. 

1865 — Trustees:  Horace  M.  Downer,  Daniel  S.  Hosford,  Joshua  S.  Lathrop; 
assessor,  Henry  Henderson. 

1866 — Trustees :  D.  S.  Hosford,  E.  D.  Eberhart,  H.  M.  Downer ;  clerk,  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard;  assessor,  Henry  Henderson;  constables:  H.  Stewart,  Robert  Den- 
nison;  supervisors:  S.  M.  Stewart;  Simeon  Kehoe,  J.  McLees,  George  Butter- 
field,  David  Morse,  Abram  Geht,  Henry  Heisey,  John  Delay,  Thomas  Haley. 

1867 — Trustees:  S.  J.  Tucker,  William  Starr,  J.  P.  Shreck;  clerk,  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard ;  assessor,  Henry  Henderson ;  justices :  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  Bradley 
Stewart ;  constables :  Henry  Stewart,  David  Sumnerville. 

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1868 — Trustees:  J.  S.  Lathrop,  S.  J.  Tucker,  J.  P.  Shreck;  clerk,  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard;  assessor,  John  Wilson;  constables:  P.  Hopkins,  George  Church. 

1869 — Trustees:  Daniel  Deischer,  John  Wilson,  J.  S.  Lathrop;  clerk,  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard;  assessor,  S.  J.  Tucker;  collector,  S.  J.  Tucker;  justices:  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard,  J.  P.  Shreck. 

1870 — Trustees:  H.  M.  Downer,  H.  Heisey,  D.  Sumnerville;  clerk,  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard ;  assessor,  S.  J.  Tucker ;  county  supervisor,  Joshua  S.  Lathrop ;  con- 
stables: William  White,  H.  Rastede;  supervisors:  E.  Troy,  William  Kehoe, 
Henry  Henderson,  H.  M.  Downer,  S.  J.  Tucker,  A.  Geht,  H.  Heisey,  John  Delay, 
J.  Neil. 

1871 — ^Trustees:  David  Morse,  Henry  Heisey,  H.  M.  Downer;  clerk  Thomas 
S.  Hubbard;  assessor,  S.  J.  Tucker;  justices:  T.  S.  Hubbard,  Henry  Henderson; 
road  supervisors:  Levi  Berlin,  S.  H.  Smith,  John  McLaughlin,  Lucius  Allen, 
Robert  Howie,  John  Delay,  L.  Ainsworth,  William  Starr,  A.  Harvey. 

1872 — ^Tnistees:  John  Delay,  John  McLees,  John  Cramer;  clerk,  Dennis 
M.  Hogan;  assessor,  AL  McLaughlin;  collector,  John  McLaughlin;  road  super- 
visors: H.  B.  Hubbard,  P.  Waddick,  H.  Henderson,  George  Springer,  David 
Morse,  Isaac  Orcutt,  A.  V.  Scott,  John  Delay,  E.  Krueger,  A.  Harmes. 

1873 — Trustees:  John  Galligan,  John  Cramer,  J.  B.  Scott;  clerk,  D.  M. 
Hogan ;  assessor,  James  Riley ;  collector,  George  Kennedy ;  justices :  Nicholas 
Kehoe,  John  Fields. 

1874 — ^Trustees :  H.  M.  Downer,  S.  H.  Smith,  John  McLaughlin ;  clerk  Mich- 
ael McLaughlin ;  assessor,  William  Wilson ;  collector,  Thomas  A.  King. 

1875 — ^Trustees:  John  Galligan,  S.  H.  Smith,  H.  M.  Downer;  clerk,  Henry 
Henderson;  assessor,  T.  A.  King;  justices:  J.  A.  Fields,  N.  Kehoe;  constables: 
E.  F.  Hubbard,  E.  Moore ;  road  supervisors :  E.  Long,  P.  A.  Kehoe,  L.  Ainsworth, 
A.  Cramer,  D.  Morse,  M.  McLaughlin,  A.  Scott,  P.  A.  Hogan,  Sol  Merriman, 
A.  Danks,  Thomas  Haley. 

1876 — ^Trustees :  A.  Ommer,  Henry  Henderson,  John  Galligan ;  clerk,  D.  M. 
Hogan ;  assessor,  John  Cramer ;  collector,  James  Riley. 

1877 — Trustees:  John  Galligan,  John  Delay,  D.  E.  Hogan;  clerk,  D.  M. 
Hogan;  assessor,  John  A.  Cramer;  collector,  L.  F.  Scott;  constables,  Dennis 
Delay,  D.  M.  Hogan ;  justices,  Thomas  Cunningham,  N.  Kehoe. 

1878— Trustees :  H.  B.  Eberhart,  J.  H.  Cramer,  M.  McLaughlin ;  clerk,  H.  M. 
Downer;  assessor,  R.  A.  Standish ;  justices,  Thomas  S.  Hubbard,  James  Riley, 
constables,  James  Lane,  Alfred  Kepperd. 

1879 — ^Trustees :  H.  B.  Eberhart,  George  A.  Gill,  M.  McLaughlin ;  clerk,  H.  M. 
Downer;  assessor,  J.  H.  Cramer;  justices:  T.  S.  Hubbard,  J.  H.  Riley;  con- 
stables :  C.  F.  Hubbard,  Ed  Moore. 

1880 — Trustees:  George  A.  Gill,  M.  McLaughlin,  H.  B.  Eberhart;  clerk, 
H.  M.  Downer;  assessor,  J.  H.  Cramer;  collector,  N.  B.  Scott;  road  supervisors: 
R.  Eberhart,  James  London,  Thomas  Kennedy,  J.  H.  Cramer,  Ed  Mundock, 
Michael  Berlin,  Henry  Heisey,  John  Delay,  Thomas  Rearick,  W.  M.  Starr, 
Allison  Danks. 

1881 — Trustees :  James  F.  Laude,  M.  McLaughlin,  George  A.  Gill ;  clerk,  H. 
M.  Downer:  assessor,  J.  H.  Cramer;  collector,  John  Stadtmueller ;  justices: 
M.  McLaughlin,  John  Wint;  constables:  E.  M.  Moore,  F.  Kromminga, 

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1882 — Trustees:  Henry  Henderson,  M.  McLaughlin,  George  A.  Gill;  clerk, 
Moses  Campbell;  assessor,  F.  A.  Scott;  justices:  H.  M.  Downer,  George  A. 
Gill ;  collector,  John  Stadtmueller. 

1883 — ^Trustees:  John  Galligan,  Bentley  Clark,  James  F.  Laude;  clerk,  Moses 
Campbell;  justices:  D.  M.  Hogan,  Joseph  King;  assessor,  George  Kennedy. 

1884 — Trustees:  William  Kehoe,  John  Galligan,  John  Stadtmueller;  clerk, 
Moses  Campbell;  justices:  Archie  W.  Cramer,  Moses  Waddick;  constables:  Frank 
McDonald,  William  A.  Hogan. 

1885 — ^Trustees:  John  Stadtmueller,  John  Galligan,  William  Kehoe;  clerk, 
Moses  Campbell;  assessor,  J.  B.  Clark;  justices,  Moses  Waddick,  Henry  Hender- 
son: road  supervisors:  James  Delay,  Moses  Waddick,  Patrick  Church,  J.  A. 
McLaughlin,  Calvin  Berlin,  Robert  Howie,  Henry  Henderson,  John  Delay, 
Charles  Curtis,  J.  G.  Rickels,  F.  Kromminga. 

1886 — Trustees:  A.  W.  Cramer,  John  Stadtmueller,  William  Kehoe;  clerk, 
Moses  Campbell;  assessor,  Moses  Campbell;  justice,  L.  F.  Scott; -constables: 
James  Howie,  David  Lundon. 

1887 — Trustees:  William  Kehoe,  James  Howie,  A.  W.  Cramer;  clerk,  Wil- 
liam A.  Hogan;  assessor,  William  G.  Wales;  justices:  M.  A.  Waddick,  John 
Stadtmueller;  constables,  David  Church,  M.  Kennedy. 

1888 — Trustees:  William  Kehoe,  James  Howie,  A.  W.  Cramer;  clerk,  J.  C. 

1889 — Trustees:  James  Howie,  A.  W.  Cramer,  W.  F.  Kehoe;  clerk,  J.  C. 
McLees;  assessor,  W.  G.  Wales;  justices,  M.  A.  Waddick,  N.  Gadmer;  con- 
stables :  John  Haley,  W.  C.  Kehoe. 

1890 — Trustees:  James  Howie,  Nicholas  Kehoe,  A.  W.  Cramer;  clerk,  J.  C. 
McLees;  justice,  Frank  McAleer;  supervisors:  Levi  Berlin,  M.  A.  Waddick, 
William  Krueger,  Elmer  Noble,  John  Fahrni. 

i8qi — Trustees:  James  Howie,  Nicholas  Kehoe,  Joseph  King;  clerk,  J.  C. 
McLees :  assessor,  William  G.  Wales ;  constables,  W.  C.  Kehoe.  John  Haley. 

1892 — Trustees:  Matt  Miller,  Joseph  King,  Nicholas  Kehoe;  clerk,  James 
McLees;  assessor,  A.  W.  Cramer;  justices,  George  McLees,  Paul  Black. 

1893 — Trustees:  H.  Rickels.  J.  M.  King,  A.  W.  Cramer;  clerk,  J.  C.  McLees; 
assessor.  W.  F.  Kehoe;  supervisors:  Fred  Youssee,  W.  C.  Kehoe,  John  Lange, 
A.  W.  Cramer,  Grant  Gill,  John  Burrack,  Harm  Rickels,  Ed  Harms. 

1894 — Trustees:  J.  M.  King,  N.  Kehoe,  A.  W.  Cramer;  clerk,  J.  C.  McLees; 
constable,  M.  Kennedy;  assessor,  W.  F.  Kehoe. 

1895 — ^Trustees:  J.  A,  Howie,  N.  Kehoe,  A.  W.  Cramer;  clerk,  J.  C.  McLees; 
assessor,  F.  D.  McLaughlin ;  supervisors :  Fred  Jossie,  P.  A.  Kehoe,  O.  F.  Hos- 
ford,  E.  M.  Moore,  Ed.  Oark,  Frank  Howie,  Albert  Heiken,  John  Burrack, 
J.  D.  Poppe,  J.  D.  Cunningham,  Ed  Harms. 

T896--Trustees :  A.  W.  Cramer,  J.  H.  Howie,  Nicholas  Kehoe;  clerk,  J.  C. 
McLees;  assessor,  F.  D.  McLaughlin;  justice,  P.  E.  Black;  constables:  L.  P. 
Waddick,  George  Miller. 

1897 — Trustees:  J.  A.  Howie,  A.  W.  Cramer,  N.  Kehoe;  clerk,  J.  C.  McLccs. 

1898 — Trustees:  M.  A.  Waddick,  A.  W.  Cramer,  N.  Kehoe;  clerk,  J.  C 
McLees ;  justices,  John  Stadtmueller,  W.  F.  Smith ;  constables :  D.  Ctmningham. 
A.  McDonald. 

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1899 — Trustees:  A.  W.  Cramer,  Folkert  Hedden,  Matt  Miller;  clerk,  J.  C. 
McLees ;  assessor,  Harm  Rickels ;  constables :  Frank  Welch,  Frank  Miller. 

1900 — ^Trustees:  James  Hogan,  A.  W.  Cramer,  Frank  Hedden;  clerk,  J.  C. 
McLees ;  assessor,  M.  A.  Waddick ;  justice,  E.  C.  Orcutt ;  constables :  John  Brown, 
W.  A.  Krueger;  supervisors;  Arthur  Fairbanks,  John  Lubben,  Albert  Heiken, 
Jr.,  John  Burrack,  A.  V.  Scott,  F.  D.  McLaughlin,  Chris  Schatz,  Peter  J.  Kehoe, 
J.  C.  McLees. 

1901 — Trustees:  James  Hogan,  J.  A.  Howie,  J.  C.  McLees:  clerk,  A.  W. 
Cramer;  assessor,  S.  M.  Hosford;  justices  Ed.  Qark,  Samuel  Pfeil;  constables; 
John  Brown,  M.  F.  Byrne. 

1902 — Trustees:  A.  L.  Fairbanks,  John  Burrack,  James  Hogan;  clerk,  A.  W. 
Cramer ;  assessor,  S.  M.  Hosford ;  supervisors :  D.  J.  Hogan,  W.  C.  Kehoe,  S.  M, 
Hosford,  G.  Neiderhauser,  John  H.  Lubben,  Frank  Howie,  Will  LeQere,  John 
Delay,  Albert  Heiken,  Austin  Stadtmueller. 

1903 — Trustees:  James  Hogan,  Arthur  Fairbanks,  John  Burrack;  clerk,  W. 
A.  Hogan;  assessor,  M.  A.  Waddick;  justices:  H.  C.  Bohlken,  J.  H.  Lubben; 
constables:  M.  Haley,  Lowell  Black. 

1904 — Trustees:  Arthur  Fairbanks,  James  Hogan,  John  Burrack;  clerk,  J.  B. 

1905 — Trustees:  James  Hogan,  John  Burrack,  Arthur  Fairbanks;  clerk,  J.  B. 

1906 — ^Trustees :  John  Burrack,  W.  T.  Kehoe,  Arthur  Fairbanks ;  clerk.  Ford 
Clark;  superintendents  of  road  districts:  Charles  Howie,  N.  E.;  E.  F.  Eiben, 
S.  E.;  M.  J.  Hogan.  N.  W.;  J.  A.  Heiken,  S.  W. 

1907 — ^Trustees :  John  Burrack,  W.  T.  Kehoe,  Arthur  Fairbanks ;  clerk.  Ford 
Qark;  assessor,  P'red  Cramer;  justices,  William  Waddick,  Henry  Bohlken. 

1908 — ^Trustees:  Arthur  Fairbanks,  W.  T.  Kehoe,  John  Burradc;  clerk.  Ford 
Qark;  assessor,  Fred  Cramer. 

1909 — ^Trustees:  E.  F.  Eiben,  James  McLees,  M.  A.  Waddick;  clerk,  James 
F.  Hogan ;  assessor,  Fred  Cramer. 



A  history  of  Qay  township  without  more  than  a  passing  reference  to  her 
first  citizen,  Hon.  John  Russell,  would  be  lacking  in  one  of  its  distinguishing 
features.  It  has  been  alloted  to  few  men  during  their  life-time,  to  be  entrusted 
with  the  political  confidences  of  the  people  to  a  greater  dq^ree  than  that  accorded 
to  this  honored  citizen  of  the  county  and  late  resident  of  Clay  township.  He 
was  bom  in  Fifeshire,  Scotland,  October  8,  1821,  and  was  a  son  of  Robert  and 
Mary  Williams  Russell.  He  came  to  America  in  May,  1842,  and  immediately 
proceeded  to  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania,  where  he  remained  about  a  year  working 
at  his  trade,  that  of  stone  mason,  on  the  new  city  waterworks  then  being  built. 
In  1843,  he  entered  the  commercial  business  in  Columbiana  county,  Ohio,  and 

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remained  in  this  occupation  until  1852.  On  November  29,  1849,  John  Russell 
was  married  to  Miss  Margaret  Feehan.  In  1852,  he  came  west  and  located  on 
the  farm  in  Clay  township,  Jones  county,  which  remained  his  home  until  his  death, 
which  occurred  October  10,  1908. 

John  Russell  was  the  first  clerk  of  Clay  township.  He  was  later  elected  a 
member  of  the  general  assembly  of  Iowa,  and  as  representative  from  Jones  county, 
served  five  consecutive  terms,  the  longest  continuous  service  in  the  history  of  the 
county.  In  1868,  he  was  elected  speaker  of  the  house.  In  1870,  he  was  elected 
state  auditor,  and  in  1872,  was  reelected  to  the  same  office  by  a  flattering  majority. 
In  October,  1879,  he  was  elected  state  senator  from  Jones  and  Cedar  counties, 
and  served  four  years  in  this  capacity.  He  then  retired  to  private  life  on  his 
farm  in  Clay  township. 

As  a  public  man,  Mr.  Russell's  strength  did  not  lie  in  oratory  or  in  literary 
display.  His  strength  and  popularity  was  founded  on  the  simplicity  of  his  life, 
his  devotedness  to  the  cause  of  the  people,  and  his  practical  common  sense.  Per- 
sonally plain  but  affable,  unassuming  but  trustworthy,  gentle  in  manner,  kind  and 
hospitable  by  nature,  he  has  been  crowned  with  the  laurels  of  honor,  and  has 
enjoyed  the  proud  title  of  "Honest  John." 

On  October  10,  1908,  after  a  continuous  residence  of  fifty-six  years  in  Clay 
township,  Hon.  John  Russell  was  called  to  his  eternal  home,  and  his  body  laid 
to  rest  in  the  Wyoming  cemetery.  Honored  in  life,  his  memory  is  revered  in 
death.  He  brought  honor  to  Jones  county  and  distinction  to  Clay  township,  and 
the  sacred  spot  where  his  ashes  lie  buried,  will  be  surrounded  by  hallowed  mem- 
ories and  cherished  by  an  appreciative  people. 


Clay  township  compares  favorably  with  other  townships  in  Jones  county. 
The  inhabitants  are  industrious,  thrifty  and  intelligent.  The  land  is  rather  more 
hilly  than  Wayne  township,  for  example,  but  is  less  so  than  Washington  or 
Richland.  The  east  and  north  sides  of  the  township  has  more  or  less  timber  land, 
but  this  is  rapidly  being  cut  off  and  the  land  being  cultivated.  The  southwestern 
part  of  the  township  contains  more  level  prairie  land. 

The  first  permanent  settlers  of  Oay  township  were  David  Killam,  John  E. 
Holmes,  Benjamin  Collins,  Truman  Brown  and  Madison  Brown.  These,  it  is 
said,  were  here  before  1838.  John  E.  Lovejoy,  later  of  Scotch  Grove,  came  in 
1839;  P.  D.  Turner  and  Horace  Turner  came  the  same  year,  and  in  the  following 
spring.  Lyman  Turner,  their  father,  made  this  township  his  home.  From  1840 
to  1850,  a  few  settlers  came  in.  but  in  the  latter  year,  the  tide  of  emigrants  which 
came  pouring  west,  reached  that  place,  and  Qay  township  was  rapidly  settled 
from  that  time  on.  In  i860  the  population  of  the  township  was  six  hundred  and 
thirty-three.  The  population  according  to  the  1905  census  was  six  hundred  and 

Numbered  among  the  early  settlers  of  the  township,  in  addition  to  those 
named  were :  John  French,  Thomas  Moran,  Henry  Carter,  John  Dennison,  Wil- 
liam Eckler,  M.  C.  Walters,  Tommy  Hanna,  George  Delong.  Joseph  Tomlinson, 
Silas  Conklin,  Thuel  and  Aaron  French, Richardson,  Christopher  Lawless, 

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John  Russell,  Bead  Johnston,  Patrick  Flannigan,  Malachi  Kelly,  Patrick  Donahue, 
Michael  (or  Soldier)  Kelly,  Thomas  CuUigan,  Peter  DeWitt,  Isaac  DeWitt, 
John  Ormsby,  Japeth  Ingraham,  Alex  Delong,  Jesse  Davis,  Samuel  C.  Reid, 
William  Reade,  Enoch  Reade,  Louis  Reade,  John  Jenkins,  Sloan  Hamilton,  John 
Barclay,  James  Kirkpatrick,  Samuel  B.  Reid,  Andrew  Duncanson,  Andrew 
Scroggie,  Patrick  O'Brien,  James  L.  Hall.  There  were  also  "Timber"  Dan 
Bamhill  and  "Prairie"  Don  Bamhill,  being  named  from  the  location  of  their 
residence;  "Grey"  John  Supple  and  "Black"  John  Supple,  the  one  driving  a 
team  of  grey  horses,  the  other  a  team  of  black  horses. 

Of  all  the  names  here  given,  William  Eckler  is  the  only  one  now  living  in 
Qay  township.  John  Dennison  lives  near  Onslow.  John  Russell  died  in  Octo- 
ber, 1908.  Samuel  B.  Reid  died  in  October,  1909.  James  Kirkpatrick  lives 
in  Onslow  as  also  does  Joseph  Tomlinson.  M.  C.  Walters  died  in  the  spring  of 

William  Eckler  came  to  Jones  county  first  in  185 1,  but  returned  to  New  York 
state  and  in  the  year  following,  in  company  with  his  family  and  M.  C.  Walters 
and  family,  came  to  Jones  county  and  made  the  frontier  land  their  permanent 
home.    ]\Ir.  Eckler  has  resided  in  the  township  continuously  ever  since. 


This  once  .busy  center,  began  its  existence  about  1852.  In  that  year,  the 
spot  in  section  10  which  afterward  became  a  village,  was  inhabited,  but  it  was 
not  until  the  year  1853  or  1854  that  William  Eckler  and  James  Hall  erected  the 
dam  on  the  Maquoketa  river  and  built  the  sawmill.  This  was  run  by  water  power. 
About  1863  or  1864,  William  Eckler  and  M.  C.  Walters  built  a  steam  mill  which 
was  then  used  for  a  sawmill,  the  old  water  mill  about  that  time  being  fitted  up 
for  a  grist  mill.  Both  of  these  mills  were  famiHar  places  to  the  older  settlers  of 
Clay  township.  It  was  these  mills  that  made  Clay  Mills  a  place  on  the  map  and 
gave  the  spot  the  name  of  village.  The  village  went  by  the  name  of  Farm  Creek 
as  well  as  Clay  Mills.  M.  C.  Walters  kept  the  first  store,  and  in  fact  the  only 
store.  James  Halland  William  Eckler  built  the  first  houses.  On  May  30,  1867, 
the  plat  of  the  village  was  filed  for  record. 


On  November  7,  1863,  the  postoffice  was  established  at  Clay  Mills,  with 
Myron  C.  Walters  as  postmaster.  Mr.  Walters  was  reappointed  November  19, 
1888,  and  on  December  24,  1900,  upon  the  removal  of  Mr.  Walters  from  the 
village,  William  N.  Tippett,  was  commissioned  postmaster.  The  office  was  dis- 
continued February  28,  1902.  At  this  time  the  rural  route  from  Onslow  was 
established.  The  mail  to  the  Qay  Mills  postoffice  was  carried  on  the  mail  route 
from  Onslow  to  Cascade. 


Mineral  Creek  which  runs  in  an  easterly  direction  through  the  southern 
part  of  Clay  township,  also  claims  some  honors  in  the  erection  of  saw  and  grist- 
mills in  the  early  history  of  the  township. 

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At  the  bottom  of  what  is  familiarly  known  as  Vassar  Hill  once  stood  a  mill 
of  some  prominence.  In  the  summer  of  1852,  Joel  B.  Taylor  built  a  sawmill  on 
Mineral  Creek  on  the  south  side  of  the  creek  and  on  the  west  side  of  the  road. 
It  was  a  one  and  a  half  story  building  and  was  fully  equipped  with  a  Mulay 
saw,  the  only  saw  in  the  mill.  The  lumber  in  the  old  Madison  Center  schoolhouse 
in  Madison  township  was  sawed  at  this  mill.  J.  F.  Parks  ran  the  mill  in  the 
winter  of  1853  and  the  spring  of  1854.  In  1855  or  1856  John  Vassar  purchased 
the  mill,  and  it  was  from  his  operation  of  this  mill  that  the  hill  to  the  south  of 
it  received  its  name.  About  i860,  the  mill  was  abandoned  for  mill  purposes 
and  the  building  torn  down. 

The  Hubbard  sawmill  was  built  on  Mineral  Creek  about  1854.  This  stood 
on  land  now  owned  by  Stephen  Walsworth,  either  in  or  near  section  35.  This 
mill  was  built  by  Hubbard.  It  only  ran  for  a  few  years  and  was  then  torn 

The  Diamond  Mill  was  built  on  Mineral  Creek  further  east.  It  was  erected 
about  1850  or  1851  by  Bert  Diamond,  and  was  always  owned  and  operated  by  the 
builder.    It  was  torn  down  in  the  latter  part  of  the  '60s. 

Bodenhofer's  Mill  is  better  known  to  more  of  the  later  residents  of  the  town- 
ship. It  stood  on  the  banks  of  Mineral  Creek  on  the  Lime  Kiln  Hollow  road, 
in  the  southwestern  part  of  section  28.  This  was  built  about  1852  and  was  a 
sawmill  and  also  a  gristmill.  It  was  the  only  gristmill  on  Mineral  Creek  and  was 
liberally  patronized.  Jacob  Bodenhofer  was  the  proprietor.  The  mill  was  torn 
down  some  time  in  the  8o's. 



The  first  creamery  erected  in  Clay  township  was  built  by  James  L.  Hall  in 
section  17.  in  the  summer  of  1873.  The  creamery  building  was  not  a  preten- 
tious affair.  It  stood  on  the  east  side  of  the  road  and  about  forty  rods  south  of 
the  location  of  the  old  Carpenter  creamery  building.  About  the  year  1876,  the 
pioneer  creamery  building  was  moved  north  to  a  location  on  the  east  side  of  the 
road  almost  opposite  the  old  creamery  building.  In  the  organization  of  this  first 
creamery,  the  farmers  in  the  adjacent  community  were  rather  skeptical  of  the 
advisability  of  such  a  movement.  The  idea  of  raising  calves  on  skim  milk  from 
a  creamery  was  a  new  one,  in  the  minds  of  some  of  the  farmers,  and  the  idea 
spelled  ruin  to  their  prosperity.  The  creamery  was  started  however.  Henry 
Haddock  was  connected  with  certain  parts  of  the  creamery  business.  James 
L.  Hall  was  the  pioneer  butter  maker  in  the  township.  The  venture  proved 
successful  beyond  the  dreams  of  the  most  hopeful,  and  so  much  so  that  the  former 
skeptics  were  now  the  most  eager  to  keep  a  good  thing  when  they  saw  they  had 


After  running  the  creamery  a  few  years,  Mr.  Hall  leased  the  building  to 
Carpenter  Brothers  who  ran  it  a  short  time,  and  then  built  the  creamery  on  the 

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west  side  of  the  road,  this  building  being  the  one  known  in  the  modern  age  as  the 
Carpenter  Creamery.  After  operating  the  creamery  for  a  few  years,  the  busi- 
ness passed  into  the  hands  of  G.  L.  Lovell  of  Monticello  who  leased  the  building 
to  Charles  Gilbert.  Some  of  the  farmers  had  not  received  one  hundred  cents  on 
the  dollar  from  Carpenter  Brothers,  and  when  a  short  time  later  in  their  dealings 
with  Gilbert,  this  experience  was  repeated,  it  is  no  wonder  the  faith  of  the  dairy- 
men in  the  maintenance  of  the  creamery  business  began  to  be  shaken.  A  short 
time  after  the  financial  downfall  of  Ctilbert,  J.  L.  Bader  of  Cascade,  purchased 
the  creamery  and  conducted  the  business  in  a  straightforward  manner  for  a  year 
or  two  and  then  closed  the  building.  This  building  is  now  used  for  a  barn,  and 
stands  on  its  original  foundation  on  the  premises  of  James  Keating  on  section  i8. 


The  Bader  Creamery  was  erected  by  J.  L.  Bader  in  the  spring  of  1882  and  was 
conducted  by  its  proprietor  and  founder  for  a  number  of  years.  The  institu 
tion  did  a  flourishing  business,  and  profited  by  the  development  of  the  dairy 
business  under  the  old  Carpenter  Creamery.  Nothing  is  left  of  the  building  now 
except  a  few  boards  standing  at  random,  the  remnant  of  an  age  that  is  past.  This 
building  on  the  north  west  comer  of  the  crossroad,  north  of  S.  B.  Reids  resi- 
dence in  section  17. 


The  Clay  Cooperative  Creamery  was  organized  in  the  spring  of  1896,  the 
stockholders  being  composed  of  many  of  the  most  prominent  and  responsible 
farmers  in  the  community.  The  officers  were :  president,  G.  B.  Hall ;  vice-presi- 
dent, Henry  Null ;  secretary,  C.  L.  Butler ;  treasurer,  J.  Z.  Mackrill ;  directors : 
John  Dennison.  D.  W.  Russell,  T.  L.  Green  and  Chris  Bramer.  A.  F.  Carrier 
was  butter  maker.  There  were  seven  milk  haulers,  viz :  James  A.  Scroggie,  John 
Dew,  John  Stahlberg,  Ed  Sutton,  Tom  Hood,  Albert  Young  and  David 
Kennison.  For  about  eleven  years  the  business  grew  and  flourished.  A  mod- 
ern building  equipped  with  modem  machinery  had  been  erected  on  the  east  side 
of  the  highway  on  the  premises  of  J.  Z.  Mackrill  in  the  northwest  comer  of  sec- 
tion 29.  The  natural  evolution  of  the  dairy  business,  the  introduction  of  the  hand 
separators,  the  increasing  expense  of  operation,  the  costly  method  of  hauling  the 
milk,  soon  began  to  influence  the  profits  in  competition  with  other  creameries. 
These  institutions  became  narrowed  to  churning  stations,  where  no  cream  was 
separated.  The  hauling  of  cream  simplified  the  dairy  industry.  Consequently 
the  Cooperative  Creamery  was  dissolved  in  the  summer  of  1907,  and  the  cream- 
ery building  and  machinery  sold.  The  stockholders  realized  less  than  fifty  cents 
on  the  dollar  of  their  stock.  The  creamery  brought  in  many  thousands  of  dol- 
lars to  the  farmers  of  the  community  during  its  existence. 

At  the  present  time,  there  is  no  creamery  in  operation  in  Qay  township.  In 
fact  there  are  only  three  creameries  in  operation  in  the  eastern  half  of  Jones 
county,  one  at  Oxford  Junction,  one  at  Center  Junction  and  one  at  Scotch 

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This  place  now  exists  only  in  name.  As  a  matter  of  fact  it  was  never  more 
than  a  postoffice,  and  in  this  capacity,  the  early  inhabitants  will  tell  you  that  the 
name  is  very  familiar.  The  office  was  established  October  ii,  1861,  and  John 
W.  Jenkins  was  appointed  postmaster.  On  December  12,  1872,  Hannah  Jenkins 
was  commissioned  to  perform  the  official  duties  of  this  position.  The  office  was 
continued  at  the  residence  of  the  postmistress  in  the  northeast  corner  of  sec- 
tion 7.  On  January  25,  1894,  the  name  of  the  chief  officer  at  this  mail  station 
was  changed,  and  Robert  Snyder  appears  as  the  one  in  charge.  The  last 
person  to  be  commissioned  in  this  office,  and  the  one  following  Robert  Snyder, 
was  his  wife,  Hannah  Snyder,  who  again  assumed  the  official  title  Jime  16,  1899. 
On  September  30,  1902,  the  office  was  discontinued.  The  rural  mail  delivery 
from  Onslow  was  established  at  this  time,  and  furnished  the  patrons  with  daily 
mail.  Prior  to  this  time,  the  mail  was  carried  on  the  route  from  Onslow  to 
Cascade  and  was  delivered  about  three  times  a  week.  There  is  no  postoffice  in 
Qay  township  at  the  present  time. 


The  Free  Will  Baptist  church  was  the  earliest  church  organization  eflfected 
in  Clay  township.  On  March  12,  1853,  a  meeting  was  held  at  the  house  of  Myron 
C.  Walters  in  Clay  Mills  for  the  purpose  of  organizing  a  church.  A  sermon  was 
preached  by  Elder  Donaldson  from  i  Corinthians  III :  9th  "Ye  are  God's  Build- 
ing." After  the  sermon,  the  elder  proceeded  to  ascertain  how  many  wished 
to  be  organized  into  a  church  society.  Six  presented  themselves  with  letters,  viz : 
Reuben  Green,  William  Hill,  Myron  C.  Walters,  Susan  Maria  Green,  Margarette 
Walters;  one  presented  herself  for  baptism,  viz:  Mary  Hill. 

After  an  examination  regarding  their  faith,  and  finding  they  all  agreed  in 
sentiment  with  the  Free  Will  Baptist  church,  the  articles  and  covenant  as  laid 
down  in  the  creed  of  that  denomination  having  been  adopted,  the  right  hand  of 
fellowship  was  given  by  Elder  Donaldson,  and  prayer  was  offered  by  him. 

M.  C.  Walters  was  chosen  clerk,  and  the  name  of  "Free  Will  Baptist  Church 
of  Clay"  was  adopted.  M.  C.  Walters  was  chosen  to  apply,  in  behalf  of  the  new 
organization,  for  membership  in  the  quarterly  meeting  to  be  held  with  the  Buena 
Vista  church  in  April,  1853,  and  to  represent  the  congregation  at  that  time.  On 
the  request  of  Mr.  Walters,  made  to  that  body,  the  Clay  church  was  accepted  as 
a  member  of  the  quarterly  meeting. 

M.  C.  Walters  was  chosen  deacon  and  continued  in  that  office  until  his  re- 
moval to  New  York  state  about  1900.  The  present  deacon  is  William  Eckler, 
and  the  present  clerk  is  W.  N.  Tippett.  The  deacons  chosen  at  different  times 
were:  M.  C.  Walters,  Lewis  Beckwith,  S.  L.  Carpenter,  William  Eckler.  The 
clerks  have  been :  M.  C.  Walters,  C.  W.  Sutton,  W.  N.  Tippett.  The  present 
trustees  are :  William  Eckler,  G.  B.  Hall,  W.  N.  Tippett. 

The  church  prospered  in  the  early  days  of  the  township  history  and  in  due 
time,  about  1865,  a  church  building  was  erected  at  the  location  known  as  Frozen 
Hill.     This  building  yet  stands,  and  in  the  more  recent  years  has  been  known 

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as  the  Bethel  Presbyterian  church,  though  yet  owned  by  the  Baptist  society. 
Here  the  community  met  for  the  worship  of  God  and  the  study  of  His  Word  for 
many  years.  After  some  years  the  use  of  the  building  was  generously  offered 
to  the  Bethel  Presbyterian  church  who  used  it  conjointly  with  the  Baptist  church. 
Among  the  pastors  of  the  Clay  Baptist  church  have  been :  Elders  Reives,  Slater, 
Maxon,  Anderson,  O.  E.  Aldrich  and  George  Bullock. 

After  many  years  of  public  testimony  to  their  love  for  their  Saviour,  the  Bap- 
tist congregation  became  so  reduced  in  numbers  by  deaths  and  removals  that 
they  could  no  longer  maintain  regular  public  worship  and  this  condition  has 
continued  to  the  present  time.  The  organization  has  been  continued,  though  no 
active  part  has  been  taken  in  the  continuation  of  regular  services. 


The  broad  expanse  of  prairie  lying  north  of  the  early  village  of  Wyoming, 
had  among  its  earliest  settlers,  several  Presbyterian  families  mostly  from  Scot- 
land and  the  state  of  Ohio.  Previous  to  the  year  1861,  occasional  services  were 
held,  Rev.  George  E.  Delevan,  who  was  in  charge  of  the  Presbyterian  church  at 
Wyoming  at  that  time,  was  the  preacher.  This  beloved  pioneer  died  at  Wyom- 
ing in  the  spring  of  1861. 

By  invitation  of  some  of  the  members  of  the  Presb}'terian  faith,  Rev.  James 
L.  Wilson  of  the  Dubuque  Presbytery,  located  at  Scotch  Grove,  commenced 
preaching  at  John  Paul's  schoolhouse,  known  now  as  the  Valley  School,  three 
miles  north  of  Wyoming,  in  the  same  township.  Rev.  Wilson's  first  sermon 
there  was  on  Sunday.  June  16,  1861.  Arrangements  were  made  for  the  contin- 
uation of  the  services,  and  the  appointments  were  maintained  regularly  once 
in  two  weeks  until  the  close  of  the  year,  1864. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  year  1865,  the  meetings  were  removed  to  a  more 
central  location  and  to  a  more  commodious  schoolhouse  in  Clay  township,  two 
miles  further  north.  The  attendance  and  interest  at  once  increased.  A  part  of 
the  time  services  were  held  at  the  former  location  where  the  attendance  and  inter- 
est was  well  maintained.  At  the  new  place  now  called  Defiance  Hill,  the  first  ser- 
mon was  preached  January  8,  1865.  Besides  the  regular  preaching  of  the  Word, 
(he  Lord's  Supper  was  frequently  administered  here,  the  session  of  the  Scotch 
Grove  Presbyterian  church  with  the  minister  from  the  same  place  having  charge 
of  the  sacramental  service.  On  these  occasions,  as  well  as  at  the  regular  commun- 
ion services  at  Scotch  Grove,  a  considerable  number  of  the  people  from  this 
community  were  received  as  members  of  that  church. 

Previous  to  the  commencing  of  the  meetings  at  Defiance  Hill  schoolhouse, 
there  was  farther  north,  in  the  eastern  part  of  Clay  township,  an  organization  of 
the  United  Presbyterian  church,  called  Mt.  Hope  church,  supplied  with  preaching 
by  Rev.  A.  J.  Allen,  beginning  in  1856.  He  having  ceased  to  labor,  and  there  being 
no  regular  supplies,  the  organization  became  languishing  and  disbanded  in  1865. 
The  records  of  that  noble  little  church  were  lost  in  the  fire  which  burned  the 
house  of  the  elder  of  the  church,  Mr.  James  Kirkpatrick,  in  the  year  1859.  This 
elder  and  the  chief  part  of  the  members  of  the  United  Presbyterian  organization 
a  few  years  later  became  identified  with  the  Presb)rterian  meetings  being  held  at 

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Defiance  Hill.  These  members  of  this  early  organization  were  mostly  from  the 
Presbyterian  church  of  Ireland,  but  some  were  from  Scotland  and  other  places. 

In  April,  1870,  a  petition  was  sent  to  the  Dubuque  Presbytery  signed  by  a 
nimiber  of  members  of  the  Presbyterian  society,  and  some  others,  asking  for  the 
establishment  of  a  Presbyterian  church  at  this  place.  Accordingly  the  Presby- 
tery in  session  at  Jesup,  on  the  27th  of  April,  1870,  appointed  a  committee  to 
attend  to  the  matter  at  some  time  convenient  to  themselves  and  to  the  people.  This 
committee  consisted  of  Rev.  Samuel  Hodge  of  Hopkinton,  Rev.  James  L.  Wilson, 
of  Scotch  Grove,  and  Hon.  John  McKean,  a  ruling  elder  of  the  Anamosa  church. 

The  organization  was  effected  at  Defiance  Hill,  June  14,  1870,  under  the  name 
of  the  Bethel  Presbyterian  church,  the  following  persons  entering  the  new  or- 
ganization by  letter,  mostly  from  the  Scotch  Grove  church,  viz:  James  Kirk- 
patrick.  Mrs.  Jane  Kirkpatrick,  William  H.  Chatterton,  Mrs.  Hilah  S.  Chatter- 
ton,  Stephen  R.  Streeper,  Matilda  B.  Streeper,  Andrew  Scroggie,  Mrs.  Grace 
Scroggie,  Andrew  Duncanson,  Mrs.  Marion  Duncanson,  David  H.  Orr,  Henry 
P.  Chatterton,  Mrs.  Alice  P.  Chatterton,  Mrs.  Jane  Young,  Mrs.  Ann  Reid,  Mrs. 
Margaret  Paul,  Mrs.  Mary  J.  Hawley,  Mrs.  Mary  Neelans.  John  Paul  was  ac- 
cepted as  a  member  on  profession  of  faith. 

The  organization  was  perfected  by  the  election  of  Andrew  Scroggie  and 
Stephen  R.  Streeper  as  ruling  elders.  John  Paul  and  James  Kirkpatrick  were 
elected  deacons. 

Of  the  above  named  charter  members,  five  are  still  living,  namely:  James 
Kirkpatrick,  Mrs.  Ann  Reid,  Mrs.  Mary  J.  Hawley,  Mrs.  Mary  Neelans  and 
John  Paul. 

The  new  church  prospered  and  in  due  time  the  question  of  building  a  house 
of  worship  arose,  and  was  discussed.  A  site  for  the  building  was  chosen,  and 
one  thousand,  two  hundred  dollars  subscribed  toward  its  erection,  but  about  that 
time  the  railroad  came  to  Onslow  and  the  organization  of  a  Presbyterian  church 
at  that  place  had  a  tendency  to  check  the  building  plans  of  the  Bethel  church. 
About  the  same  time,  the  Bethel  church  was  generously  offered  the  use  of  the 
Free  Will  Baptist  church  building.  This  offer  was  accepted,  and  in  this  build- 
ing, the  Bethel  Congregation  has  held  regular  services  ever  since. 

The  following  ministers  have  served  as  pastors  since  the  organization  of  the 
church,  namely:  Revs.  J.  L.  Wilson,  John  Rice,  Henry  Cullen,  Alexander  Scott, 
J.  A.  Hahn,  Philip  Palmer,  J.  R.  McQuown,  P.  A.  Tinkam,  and  the  present  pas- 
tor, S.  B.  McQelland. 

The  ruling  elders  have  been :  Andrew  Scroggie,  Stephen  R.  Streeper,  Andrew 
Duncanson,  Thomas  Hamilton,  John  Neelans.  William  Fletcher,  John  Denni- 
son,  Isaac  N.  French. 

The  deacons  have  been :  James  Kirkpatrick,  John  Paul,  A.  P.  Ormsby,  John 
Dennison,  David  H.  Orr,  Ahab  DeWitt,  Joseph  W.  Orr,  Robert  Scroggie,  R.  W. 
Chatterton,  C.  S.  Ames.  In  1901,  the  office  of  deacon  was  abolished,  and  the 
office  of  trustee  established.  The  trustees  have  been:  James  Kennedy,  C.  S. 
Ames,  R.  W.  Chatterton,  C.  L.  Butler,  Robert  A.  Scroggie. 

The  church  organization  for  1909,  is  as  follows: 

Session :  Pastor  and  moderator.  Rev.  S.  B.  McQelland ;  elders,  John  Neelans. 
W^illiam  Fletcher  and  Isaac  N.  French. 

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Sabbath  School :  Superintendent,  R.  W.  Chatterton ;  assistant  superintendent, 
William  Fletcher ;  secretary  and  treasurer.  Miss  Alice  Green ;  organist,  Miss  Ina 
Young;  assistant  organist,  Miss  Alice  Green. 

Ladies  Missionary  Society :  President,  Mrs.  Adella  E.  McClelland ;  vice  presi- 
dent, Mrs.  Minnie  Kennedy;  secretary,  Mrs.  Fannie  Hicks;  treasurer,  Mrs.  Hat- 
tie  Chatterton ;  secretary  of  literature,  Mrs.  Mary  H.  Neelans. 

The  church  has  pursued  the  even  tenor  of  its  way,  sometimes  making  vigor- 
ous strides,  at  other  times  more  lagging  in  its  progress,  but  still  advancing  in  the 
work  to  which  it  has  been  called,  an  uplift  in  the  community  and  an  honor  to  the 
Kingdom.  A  series  of  revival  meetings  were  closed  in  the  early  part  of  October, 
1909,  which  added  much  to  the  enthusiasm  and  strength  of  the  church,  the  meet- 
ings being  conducted  by  Evangelist  Foote,  with  the  assistance  of  the  regular  pas- 
tor. Rev.  S.  B.  McQelland. 

The  Bethel  church  has  never  had  a  resident  pastor.  During  the  first  ten  years 
or  more  of  its  organization,  the  pastor  of  the  Scotch  Grove  church  also  served  as 
pastor  of  this  church.  About  1883  or  1884,  the  Bethel  church  and  the  Onslow 
church  united  in  the  support  of  the  same  pastor,  the  regular  services  in  the  Bethel 
church  being  held  every  Sunday  afternoon,  the  pastor  residing  at  Onslow.  This 
relation  has  continued  down  to  the  present  time.  The  church  building  is  located 
in  the  southwest  corner  of  section  17,  in  Clay  township,  the  location  being 
known  locally  as  PVozen  Hill.  The  church  is  a  central  institution  in  the  com- 
munity, and  is  the  nucleus  around  which  clusters  precious  memories  and  the  in- 
fluences for  good  which  predominate  in  the  country  on  all  sides. 


The  Reorganized  Church  of  Jesus  Christ  of  Latter  Day  Saints  built  a  church 
in  section  twenty-two,  near  the  present  residence  of  Ed  Green  in  Qay  town- 
ship in  the  summer  of  1897.  This  is  a  plain  building  twenty-eight  by  thirty-six 
feet  and  appearing  about  like  the  average  country  church.  The  building  cost 
about  one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars. 

The  local  organization  or  "branch"  at  the  time,  had  about  fifty  members, 
widely  scattered  throughout  Jones  and  Jackson  counties.  Other  branches  have 
been  organized  within  the  same  territory,  and  members  in  each  case  have  united 
with  the  nearest  church.  At  the  present  time  there  are  about  forty-seven  mem- 
bers, many  of  these  still  widely  scattered. 

The  following  are  some  of  the  early  members :  Mr.  and  Mrs.  James  Johnson ; 
Mrs.  Louisa  Myatt,  Mariner  Maudsley,  Edwin  Lowe,  Miss  Lizzie  Haller,  Mrs. 
Maria  Kelsall,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  O.  E.  Green,  Rachel  M.  Green,  Susan  Green, 
Willard  Thomas,  Amelia  Thomas,  John  Wier.  Cora  Wier  and  D.  J.  Dierks. 

The  church  has  always  depended  largely  upon  missionaries  sent  out  by  the 
general  church  for  its  ministers.  Among  these  were  the  following:  John  S.  Roth, 
of  Grinnell,  Iowa ;  William  T.  Maitland,  of  Des  Moines,  Iowa ;  O.  B.  Thomas,  of 
Lamoni,  Iowa;  John  W.  Peterson,  Lamoni,  Iowa;  Oscar  Case,  Morehead,  Iowa; 
Fred  Farr,  of  Greene,  Iowa;  J.  B.  Wildermuth,  Osterdock,  Iowa;  James  Mc- 
Kerman,  Muscatine,  Iowa. 

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The  church  was  dedicated  by  Joseph  Smith  and  J.  W.  Peterson.  The  former 
is  president  of  the  reorganized  church  and  a  son  of  the  original  founder  of  the 
church  established  in  1830.  A  large  congregation  of  people  from  all  the  sur- 
rounding country  gathered  to  hear  the  man  whose  name  had  become  famous 
because  of  its  association  with  the  Orientalism  of  Utah. 


The  village  of  Canton,  properly  speaking  is  only  partly  in  Clay  township,  but 
its  early  history  is  so  much  associated  with  the  early  history  of  Clay  township, 
that  a  history  of  the  township  is  not  wholly  complete  without  some  reference 
to  this  once  thriving  business  center.  The  assistance  of  Levi  Waggoner,  now 
eighty  years  of  age,  has  been  helpful  in  securing  the  data  of  this  sketch  of  the 
Canton  history. 

Canton  is  one  of  the  earliest  settled  towns  in  this  part  of  the  state.  As  early 
as  1843  we  find  J.  E.  Hildreth  making  improvements  at  the  present  site  of  Can- 
ton. In  that  year  the  Canton  water  power  was  first  improved  by  J.  E.  Hildreth 
who  built  a  sawmill  on  the  east  side  of  the  Maquoketa  River;  this  mill  he  operated 
about  two  years  when  it  was  destroyed  by  fire.  After  the  fire  he  sold  his  interests 
in  and  around  Canton  to  J.  J.  Tomlinson,  and  took  up  a  new  location  on  the 
present  site  of  Ozark,  four  miles  north,  on  the  north  fork  of  the  Maquoketa 

J.  J.  Tomlinson  thus  became  the  sole  proprietor  of  what  there  was  of  Canton 
about  1844  or  1845,  ^^^  i"  addition  became  the  owner  of  about  eight  hundred 
acres  of  land  adjoining.  Mr.  Tomlinson  now  began  to  rebuild  the  sawmill  on  a 
much  more  extensive  scale,  a  mill  with  a  capacity  of  one  thousand  feet  of  lumber 
per  hour.  In  connection  with  the  sawmill  Mr.  Tomlinson  built  a  machine  shop 
for  the  manufacture  of  all  kinds  of  wood  work,  such  as  wagons,  lumber,  furni- 
ture, all  kinds  of  lath  work.  The  capital  invested  amounted  to  over  twenty 
thousand  dollars  in  this  business  alone.  Mr.  Tomlinson  also  built  a  grist  mill 
and  woolen  factor}'  on  the  west  side  of  the  river  soon  after  or  about  1845.  This 
is  the  beginning  of  the  mill  about  which  the  memory  of  so  many  of  the  early 
settlers  of  Gay  township  centers,  and  which  was  one  of  the  most  flourishing  in- 
stitutions in  eastern  Iowa  for  many  years. 

Mr.  Tomlinson's  business  was  now  flourishing  on  both  sides  of  the  river. 
At  that  time  there  was  neither  grist  mill  nor  sawmill  nearer  than  Dubuque  on  the 
north,  and  Anamosa  on  the  west.  And  in  those  early  days,  Iowa  was  a  wheat 
country,  and  wheat  was  a  staple  crop  which  gave  Mr.  Tomlinson  a  range  of  coun- 
try more  than  forty  miles  in  extent  from  which  to  draw  his  supply  of  wheat.  His 
mill  was  never  allowed  to  stand  idle,  day  or  night.  The  same  was  true  of  his 
sawmill  and  machine  shop.  The  two  mills  together  gave  employment  to  over 
sixty  men,  in  one  way  and  another. 

The  merchandise  business  was  not  a  whit  behind  the  business  of  the  mills. 
Between  the  years  of  1852  and  1857,  there  were  six  well  kept  stores  in  Canton. 
The  principal  one  was  conducted  by  E.  M.  Franks.  His  stock  consisted  of  gen- 
eral merchandise  of  the  amount  of  eighteen  thousand  dollars.  The  Smith  Bros., 
Tom  and  James,  had  stock  of  the  value  of  ten  thousand  dollars.    Tomlinson  & 

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Smith  had  a  stock  of  six  thousand  dollars.  A  Mr.  Dawson,  two  thousand  five 
hundred  dollars.  J.  Brenneman,  two  thousand  dollars.  William  Lowe,  hardware, 
two  thousand  dollars.  William  Hannah,  drug  store,  two  thousand  dollars.  There 
were  also  at  that  time  four  practicing  physicians,  towit.  Dr.  Thomas  Gracey,  Dr. 
Johnson,  and  the  Belden  partnership,  consisting  of  M.  J.  Belden  and  W.  P.  Belden. 

About  the  same  time  E.  M.  Franks  also  conducted  a  packing  plant  through 
the  winter  season,  with  a  capacity  of  handling  one  hundred  hogs  per  day,  al- 
though he  handled  dressed  hogs  only.  This  was  the  practice  in  that  period  of 
time,  in  all  sections  of  the  country,  both  east  and  west.  Mr.  Franks  was  also  an 
extensive  dealer  in  cattle  and  hogs  and  at  most  any  time  in  the  period  of  which 
we  write,  during  the  '50s,  from  three  hundred  to  five  hundred  head  of  cattle 
could  be  counted  in  his  yards  at  any  time.  He  also  had  from  three  hundred  to 
six  hundred  hogs  on  feed  at  any  one  time.  In  fact  Canton  was  a  first-class  mar- 
ket town  for  anything  the  farmer  had  to  sell  in  the  line  of  cattle,  hogs,  wheat, 
com,  oats  or  hay.  The  store  provisions  were  hauled  from  Dubuque,  and  the 
store  keepers  frequently  took  such  products  in  trade  for  groceries  and  dry  goods. 

In  those  days,  by  far  the  greater  number  of  teams  were  ox  teams.  Mr.  Tom- 
linson  at  all  times  kept  not  less  than  twenty  yoke  of  cattle  at  work  drawing  logs 
from  the  woods  to  his  mills,  and  a  less  number  in  delivering  the  lumber  to 
Dubuque,  Cascade  and  other  points. 

These  were  years  of  Canton's  greatest  era  of  prosperity.     About  the  year 

1854,  the  grist  mill,  together  with  the  woolen  factory  burned  to  the  ground.     In 

1855,  ^^^-  Tomlinson  rebuilt  the  grist  mill,  but  the  woolen  factory  was  never 

About  the  year  1866,  the  Midland  Railroad  was  projected,  and  the  business 
men  began  to  look  for  new  locations  along  the  line  of  that  road.  E.  M.  Franks 
bought  several  hundred  acres  about  eight  miles  west  of  Canton  along  the  pro- 
posed line  of  the  road,  and  including  the  present  site  of  Onslow.  Mr.  Franks  now 
began  the  disposal  of  his  shelf  goods  in  quantities  to  suit  purchasers.  His  fresh 
goods  he  moved  to  his  new  location  at  Onslow. 

Mr.  Tomlinson  also  made  his  escape  to  the  gold  regions  of  the  Rocky  Moun- 
tains, after  selling  his  holdings  to  Dr.  George  Trumbull  of  Cascade  at  a  price 
of  less  than  one-half  he  could  have  obtained  before  the  Midland  road  was  built. 
From  this  time  on,  Canton's  decline  was  rapid. 

It  was  about  this  time  that  Dr.  Trumbull  sold  his  grist  mill  to  Robert  Becker, 
who  in  turn  sold  a  one-half  interest  to  a  Mr.  Peck,  forming  a  partnership  under 
the  name  of  Becker  &  Peck.  Under  this  partnership  the  business  was  con- 
ducted for  several  years,  or  until  wheat  became  so  scarce  that  the  parties  could 
no  longer  find  it  profitable  to  continue  in  business.  Becker  &  Peck  now  <lissolved 
partnership,  and  in  the  deal  the  grist  mill  remained  in  the  hands  of  Robert  Becker 
who  operated  in  a  small  way  on  the  slim  supply  of  wheat  that  constantly  grew 
less  till  the  manufacture  of  flour  was  entirely  discontinued.  From  that  time, 
the  mill  was  used  as  a  feed  and  custom  mill  only.  Mr.  Becker,  now  thoroughly 
disgusted  with  his  mill  property,  traded  to  one  Alex.  Clark,  for  a  half  section  of 
land  in  Kansas.  Mr.  Clark  was  a  Scotchman  with  considerable  business  tact, 
and  with  his  pleasing  address  he  won  friends,  and  for  many  years  conducted  a 

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flourishing  business  grinding  feed.  Mr.  Clark  continued  to  operate  the  mill 
until  about  six  years  ago  when  he  disposed  of  his  mill  property,  and  since  that 
time,  the  mill  has  changed  hands  several  times.  L.  B.  Parshal  is  now  the  owner 
of  the  property,  and  if  the  present  plans  mature,  the  Canton  mill  property  will  be 
so  revolutionized  that  its  early  owners  would  not  recognize  the  place.  There  is 
no  better  water  power  in  eastern  Iowa  than  at  Canton.  There  is  a  good  water 
fall,  and  the  foundation  for  the  dam  could  not  be  improved.  At  this  point,  the 
banks  of  the  river  are  of  solid  rock,  and  the  bed  of  the  river  is  of  the  same  solid 
material.    A  dam  properly  built  would  stand  for  ages. 


The  Canton  postoffice  was  established  on  July  15,  1844.  Since  that  date  when 
John  J.  Tomlinson  received  the  first  commission,  the  postmasters  with  the  dates 
of  their  appointment,  have  been,  in  their  order:  Robert  B.  Hanna,  December  10, 
1853;  Miles  F.  Simpson,  April  25,  1854;  Thomas  Smith,  July  29,  1854;  Thomas 
Gracey,  November  4,  1856;  WiUiam  A.  Smith,  August  24,  1857;  William  B.  Han- 
na, July  20,  1859  J  John  W.  Dillrance,  August  22,  1859 ;  W.  B.  Hanna,  August  19, 
1861;  James  B.  Camp,  March  7,  1865;  Leander  B.  Sutton,  October  24,  1865; 
John  W.  Reade,  June  5,  1867;  John  Baldwin,  October  8,  1868;  John  T.  Bayliff, 
June  15,  1869;  George  W.  Kelsall,  December  31,  1872;  Lyman  B.  Parshall,  March 
30,  1886;  John  C.  Ripperton,  July  19,  1887;  Alfred  Frey,  December  21,  1891 ; 
Hannah  E.  Ripperton,  April  i,  1893;  Alexander  Clark,  April  19,  1895;  Ned 
L.  Sutton,  June  4,  1897;  Robert  H.  Buchner,  the  present  incumbent,  April  23, 

The  Canton  of  today  is  but  a  remnant  of  its  former  prosperity.  The  old 
buildings  are  the  undisputed  habitation  of  bats  and  owls.  One  store,  the  mill, 
one  blacksmith  shop  and  a  few  scattered  dwellings,  including  the  schoolhouse 
and  the  mill,  constitute  the  Canton  of  1909. 


1857 — Election  held  in  Sutton  schoolhouse,  April  6,  1857.  Trustees:  S.  R. 
Howard,  J.  P.  Ames,  Isaac  DeWitt;  clerk,  John  Russell;  justice.  L.  G.  Drake; 
constables,  C.  C.  Sutton  and  C.  Hicks. 

1858 — Election  held  in  Sutton  schoolhouse,  April  5,  1858.  Trustees:  Joseph 
P.  Ames,  S.  R.  Howard,  and  A.  Cowing ;  clerk,  John  Russell ;  justice,  Joseph  Ty- 
ron;  constables,  William  B.  Gress  and  C.  C.  Sutton;  supervisors:  No.  i,  Luke 
Potter ;  No.  2,  Bethuel  French ;  No.  3,  James  Hall ;  No.  4,  Cyrus  Anderson :  No. 
5,  B.  Sharpless ;  No.  6,  Piatt  Jennings. 

1859 — Election  held  October  12,  1858.  Trustees:  A.  Gowing,  B.  C.  Slater 
and  Thomas  Johnson;  clerk,  James  L.  Hall;  assessor,  S.  R.  Howard;  justices, 
Joseph  Tyron  and  J.  Z.  Mackrill ;  constables,  William  B.  Gress  and  R.  B.  Willcox. 

i860 — ^Trustees:  J.  Ingraham.  Richard  Hayner  and  Isaac  DeWitt;  clerk, 
J.  C.  French;  assessor,  Charles  F.  Vinceqt;  constables,  Cornelius  Hicks  and 
William  A.  Smith. 

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1861 — Trustees;  Jacob  Bodenhofer,  E.  A.  Cohoon  and  Joseph  P.  Ames; 
clerk,  J.  L.  Hall;  assessor,  S.  R.  Howard;  justices,  John  Brinimon  and  William 
H.  Peck;  constables,  George  Howard  and  R.  B.  Willcox. 

1862 — Trustees:  William  Paul,  Japhat  Ingraham  and  J.  W.  Jenkins;  asses- 
sor, S.  R.  Howard;  clerk,  J.  L.  Hall;  constables,  R.  B.  Willcox  and  H.  Smith. 

1863 — Trustees:  S.  R.  Howard,  James  McDaniel,  Patrick  Donahue;  clerk, 
William  G.  Jenkins;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown;  justices,  E.  Harwood  and  Joseph 
Tyron;  constables,  John  Potter  and  B.  Grogan. 

1864 — ^Trustees:  William  Eckler,  Albert  Howard;  clerk,  William  Paul. 

1865 — ^Trustees:  G.  A.  Hanna,  A.  Howard  and  William  Paul;  clerk,  R. 
Hayner;  justices.  William  Eckler,  A.  Harwood;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown;  con- 
stables, R.  B.  Willcox,  John  Patton. 

1866 — ^Trustees:  Albert  Howard,  Hiram  Dubois  and  C.  W.  Sutton;  clerk, 
James  L.  Hall ;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown ;  constables,  John  Patton  and  R.  B.  Willcox. 

1867 — ^Trustees :  Albert  Howard,  C.  W.  Sutton,  Daniel  Canole ;  clerk,  James 
L.  Hall;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown;  justices,  William  Eckler  and  R.  G.  Dye;  con- 
stables, J.  F.  Sutton  and  David  Moore. 

18(58— Trustees :  A.  Howard,  J.  L.  Hall,  S.  L.  Carpenter;  clerk,  W.  H.  Peck; 
constables,  David  McDaniel  and  J.  F.  Sutton;  justices,  William  Eckler,  A. 

1869 — Trustees :  Albert  Howard,  William  H.  Chatterton  and  William  Gates ; 
clerk,  W.  H.  Peck;  assessor,  James  L.  Hall;  justices,  William  Eckler  and  A. 
Isenhart ;  constables,  W.  A.  Eckler  and  W.  A.  Smith. 

1870— Trustees :  J.  D.  Bamhill,  W.  H.  Chatterton  and  J.  H.  McDaniel ;  clerk, 
W.  H.  Peck;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown;  justice  of  the  peace,  C.  W.  Sutton;  con- 
stables, W.  A.  Eckler  and  George  Carr. 

1871 — ^Trustees:  J.  H.  McDaniel,  Eldad  Cooley  and  E.  E.  Brown;  clerk, 
W.  H.  Peck ;  assessor,  J.  D.  Barnhill ;  justices,  John  Brinneman,  John  Dennison ; 
constables,  George  Carr  and  John  Vasser. 

1872 — ^Trustees:  James  McDaniel,  Eldad  Cooley  and  W.  N.  Tippett;  clerk 
W.  H.  Peck ;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown ;  constables,  John  Vasser  and  J.  W.  Bacheler. 

1873 — ^Trustees:  James  McDaniel,  Eldad  Cooley  and  W.  N.  Tippett;  clerk, 
W.  H.  Peck ;  assessor,  J.  D.  Bamhill ;  constables,  James  Johnson,  D.  H.  Butler ; 
justices,  E.  A.  Cohoon  and  George  Reyner. 

1874 — ^Trustees:  R.  B.  Weaver,  L)anan  Osbom  and  Isaac  DeWitt;  clerk, 
J.  D.  Bamhill;  assessor,  John  Dennison;  constables,  D.  H.  Butler  and  J.  R. 

1875 — ^Tmstees:  Lyman  Osbom,  William  Eckler,  William  Donahue;  clerk, 
J.  D.  Barnhill;. constables:  Orrillo  Green  and  William  Johnson. 

1876 — ^Tmstees:  L3rman  Osborn,  W.  N.  Tippett  and  William  Eckler;  clerk, 
C.  W.  Hawle3rm;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown;  justice,  J.  D.  Bamhill;  constable,  Joseph 

1877— Tmstees :  Lyman  Osborn,  W.  N.  Tippett,  W.  G.  Donahue;  clerk,  J.  F. 
Lee;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown. 

1878 — ^Trustees:  Lyman  Osbom,  William  Eckler  and  James  McDaniel;  clerk, 
J.  L.  Hall ;  assessor,  E.  E.  Brown ;  justice,  J.  D.  Bamhill. 

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1879 — Trustees:  William  Eckler,  J.  Z.  Mackrill  and  James  McDaniel;  clerk, 
D.  W.  Russell;  assessor,  John  Dennison;  justices,  Richard  Hayner  and  John 
Dennison;  constables,  P.  F.  Brown  and  W.  B.  Mackrill. 

1880 — Trustees:  William  Eckler,  James  McDaniel  and  G.  A.  Hanna;  clerk, 
D.  W.  Russell. 

1881 — Trustees:  William  Eckler,  E.  E.  Brown,  J.  F.  Lee;  clerk,  D.  W.  Rus- 
sell ;  justice,  John  Dennison ;  constable,  T.  K.  Paul. 

1882 — Trustees:  J.  F.  Lee,  William  Eckler  and  E.  E.  Brown;  clerk,  D.  W. 

1883— Trustees :  W.  N.  Tippett.  William  Eckler  and  E.  E.  Brown;  clerk,  D. 
W.  Russell. 

1884 — Trustees:  W.  N.  Tippett,  William  Eckler  and  E.  E.  Brown;  clerk,  D. 
W.  Russell. 

1885 — Trustees:  C.  W.  McMaster,  William  Tippett  and  James  Scroggie;  clerk, 
T.  K.  Paul. 

1886 — Trustees:  C.  W.  McMaster,  James  Scroggie  and  W.  N.  Tippett;  clerk, 
T.  K.   Paul. 

1887 — Trustees:  James  Carpenter,  William  Tippett,  C.  W.  McMaster;  clerk, 
Robert  Scroggie ;  assessor,  James  Scroggie. 

1888— Trustees:  C.  W.  McMaster,  W.  N.  Tippett,  J.  L.  Carpenter;  clerk, 
R.  A.  Scroggie. 

1889 — ^Trustees:  C.  W.  McMaster,  J.  L.  Carpenter  and  Allen  Duke;  clerk, 
J.  F.  Cohoon;  justices,  John  Herrington  and  L.  L.  Gee;  constables,  J.  B.  Hutton 
and  Charles  Herrington. 

1890— Trustees :  Ahab  DeWitt,  C.  W.  McMaster  and  H.  A.  Duke;  clerk, 
Lyman  Osborn;  assessor,  J.  L.  Carpenter;  justice,  L.  L.  Gee;  constable,  J.  F. 
Cohoon.  « 

1891 — Trustees:  L  N.  French,  Ahab  DeWitt,  H.  A.  Duke;  clerk,  Harbison 
Orr;  assessor,  John  Dennison;  justice,  John  Dennison. 

1892— Trustees :  L  N.  French.  Ahab  DeWitt,  D.  H.  Orr;  clerk,  H.  Orr; 
assessor,  John  Dennison. 

1893— Trustees :  Ahab  DeWitt,  L  N.  French,  D.  H.  Orr;  clerk,  Harbison  Orr; 
assessor,  John  Dennison. 

1894— Trustees :  L  N.  French,  Ahab  DeWitt,  D.  H.  Orr;  clerk,  H.  Orr;  as- 
sessor, John  Dennison. 

1895— Trustees:  W.  H.  Orr,  Ahab  DeWitt,  and  L  N.  French;  clerk,  H.  Orr; 
assessor,  John  Dennison. 

1896 — ^Trustees:  L  N.  French,  William  Fletcher  and  W.  H.  Orr;  clerk, 
Harbison  Orr;  assessor,  John  Dennison. 

1897— Trustees:  J.  F.  Russell,  W^illiam  Fletcher  and  W.  H.  Orr;  cleric,  H. 
Orr;  assessor,  Michael  Lawless;  constable,  Nathan  Watters. 

1898 — Trustees:  James  Hamilton,  J.  F.  Russell  and  William  Fletcher;  derk, 
H.  Orr. 

1899 — ^Trustees:  James  Hamilton,  John  F.  Russell  and  William  Orr;  clerk, 
J.  R.  Kennedy. 

1900 — Trustees:  J.  A.  Hamilton,  W.  H.  Orr  and  E.  A.  Green;  clerk,  J.  R. 
Kennedy ;  assessor,  Michael  Lawless. 

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1901— Trustees :  J.  A.  Hamilton,  E.  A.  Green  and  W.  H.  Orr;  clerk,  J.  R. 
Kennedy;  assessor,  Samuel  Orr. 

1902— Trustees:  J.  R.  Reid,  J.  A.  Hamilton,  E.  A.  Green;  clerk,  J.  R. 

1903 — ^Trustees:  E.  A.  Green,  J.  R.  Reid  and  J.  A.  Hamilton;  clerk,  J.  R. 
Kennedy;  assessor,  Sam  Orr. 

1904— Trustees:  B.  W.  Streeper,  J.  R.  Reid  and  E.  A.  Green;  clerk,  J.  R. 
Kennedy;  assessor,  Sam  Orr. 

1905— Trustees :  B.  W.  Streeper,  L.  E.  Mead  and  E.  A.  Green;  clerk,  J.  D. 
Xeelans ;  assessor,  Joe  Orr. 

1906 — Trustees:  B.  W.  Streeper,  L.  E.  Mead  and  E.  A.  Green;  clerk,  J.  D. 
Xeelans;  assessor,  Joseph  Orr. 

1907 — ^^Trustees :  John  A.  Orr,  James  R.  Kennedy,  B.  W.  Streeper;  clerk,  J.  D. 
Xeelans;  assessor,  Joseph  Orr. 

1908— Trustees-  B.  W.  Streeper,  J.  A.  Orr,  J.  R.  Kennedy;  clerk,  J.  D.  Nee- 
lans;  assessor,  Joseph  Orr. 

1909 — ^Trustees,  James  Lowham,  J.  A  Orr,  J.  R.  Kennedy;  clerk,  John 
English ;  assessor,  Joseph  Orr. 


(The  following  excellent  history  of  Fairview  township,  and  of  its  towns  and 
institutions,  was  written  and  prepared  by  Mr.  J.  E.  Remley  of  Anamosa.  The 
people  of  this  township,  and  readers  of  this  history,  now,  and  in  future  years,  will 
gratefully  acknowledge  their  gratitude  to  Mr.  Remley  for  the  splendid  service 
he  has  rendered  to  the  present  generation  and  to  posterity.  The  history  is  well 
written,  shows  the  untiring  labor  of  careful  research,  and  will  be  found  valuable 
both  as  a  record  and  as  a  reference.  Fpr  this  kind  service  in  behalf  of  the  history 
of  the  Jones  county  by  Mr.  Remley,  the  editor  adds  his  appreciation. 

— ^The  Editor.) 

Fairview  township  is  situated  in  the  western  tier  of  townships  in  Jones  county, 
Iowa,  with  Cass  township  on  the  north,  Jackson  township  on  the  east,  Greenfield 
township  on  the  south  and  Linn  county  on  the  west. 

In  early  days  about  two-thirds  of  the  area  was  in  timber,  mainly  oak  of  the 
best  quality.  Along  the  rivers  were  heavy  forests  containing  thousands  of  cords 
of  wood.  Now  most  all  the  timber  has  been  cut  and  the  land  placed  under  cul- 
tivation. What  once  was  a  forest  is  now  a  fine  well  improved  farm,  worth  from 
one  hundred  to  one  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  per  acre.  A  few  years  ago  the 
farmers  used  wood  for  fuel  but  now  since,  wood  has  become  so  scarce  a  large 
number  use  coal,  which  is  transported  from  the  towns.  Cord  wood  is  worth  in 
the  market  from  five  to  six  dollars  and  fifty  cents  per  cord. 

The  soil  consists  of  a  rich  black  loam  with  a  clay  soil  and  is  especially  adapted 
for  raising  com  and  all  small  grain.    The  north  half  of  the  township  is  rolling 

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with  few  clay  hills,  while  the  south  half  is  much  more  level.  There  is  but  little 
non-tillable  land  in  the  township. 

The  Wapsipinicon  River  enters  at  the  northwest  comer  of  the  township  and 
runs  in  a  southeasterly  direction,  and  enters  Jackson  township  near  the  center  of 
the  township  line.  Buffalo  creek  enters  a  little  west  of  the  center  of  the  north 
line  of  the  township,  running  in  a  south  and  southeasterly  direction,  uniting  with 
the  Wapsipinicon  just  west  of  the  city  of  Anamosa.  The  township  is  well  drained 
and  has  very  little  low  wet  land  which  is  not  subject  to  be  cultivated. 

There  is  one  city,  one  town  and  one  village  in  this  township.  Anamosa  is 
a  city  of  the  second  class,  the  county  seat  of  Jones  county  and  an  active,  prc^es- 
sive  business  center.  Stone  City  is  a  small  unincorporated  town  without  officials 
The  large  quarry  interests  are  its  chief  importance.  The  village  of  Fairview  is 
one  of  the  oldest  settlements  in  the  county,  situated  four  miles  from  Anamosa  on 
the  old  military  road  to  Martelle.  This  old  village  and  land  mark  is  gradually 
declining  as  no  improvements  are  being  made  and  in  time  no  doubt  the  haml^ 
will  be  eliminated. 


There  are  twenty  thousand,  six  hundred  and  ninety-six  taxable  acres  of  land 
outside  of  Anamosa,  with  a  net  actual  valuation  of  nine  hundred  and  forty-seven 
thousand,  two  hundred  and  forty-four  dollars  accruing  to  the  assessed  valuation 
for  the  year  1909. 

The  total  moneys  and  credits  given  to  the  assessor  for  the  year  1909  in  Fair- 
view  outside  of  Anamosa  was  one  hundred  and  six  thousand,  four  hundred  and 
thirty-two  dollars. 

The  following  is  a  list  of  the  number  and  actual  assessed  value  of  the  cattle 
and  hogs  in  Fairview  township  as  reported  by  the  assessor  for  the  year  1909: 

No.    Actual  Value. 

Colts,  I  year  old 104      $  3,332 

Colts,  2  years  old 85  4424 

Horses,  3  years  old  and  over 490        26,326 

Stallions    5  2,600 

Mules  and  asses 9  504 

Cattle  in  feeding 20  404 

Heifers,  i  year  old 314  31876 

Heifers,  2  years  old   208  3,546 

Cows    1054        25,972 

Steers,  i  year  old  204  3,304 

Steers,  2  years  old  79  1,896 

Bulls   45  1,722 

Swine,  over  6  months  old 2440        13,049 

Sheep,  over  6  months  old 283  975 


The  following  prices  were  paid  at  Anamosa,  Iowa  for  ear  com,  oats,  barley 
and  wheat  during  the  month  of  June,  1907,  1908  and  1909: 

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K  rH    o 
O     . 




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June  1909. 

Ear  Com   • $<>«75 

Oats   55 

Barley    65 

Wheat    1. 15 

June,  1908. 

Ear  Com $  '75 

Oats   46 

Barley    40 

Wheat    1.00 

June,  1907. 

Ear  Com $  .50 

Oats   41 

Barley    50 

Wheat    75 


From  a  letter  to  Mr.  Edmund  Booth  from  Gideon  H.  Ford  of  Webster  City, 
Hamilton  county,  this  state,  under  date  of  October  4,  1872,  we  quote  the  following 
in  regard  to  the  early  settlement  of  Anamosa  and  Fairview  township :  "The  first 
settlement  of  Buffalo  Forks  was  commenced  in  April,  1838,  by  George  Russ  and 
Sherebiah  Dakin,  from  the  state  of  Maine.  They  laid  claim  to  sections  2,  3,  4, 
one-quarter  of  9  and  one-quarter  of  10.  There  were  with  them  John  H.  Bart- 
lett,  wife  and  child,  also  a  man  named  Smith,  another  named  Carpenter  and  David 
G.  Dumars.  These  came  in  the  spring  of  1838.  Three  of  the  above  died  that 
season,  viz.,  Russ,  Smith  and  Carpenter.  Dakin  was  a  millwright;  worked  in 
Dubuque.    Then  came  George  H.  Russ,  son  of  George  Russ. 

"I  arrived  at  Dubuque  on  the  22d  day  of  October,  and  fell  in  with  S.  Dakin. 
He  was  going  to  Buffalo  Forks  next  day,  and  asked  me  to  go  with  him.  He 
wished  to  sell  his  interest  in  the  claim.  So,  in  company  with  Timothy  Davis,  we 
started  for  the  Forks,  arriving  next  day  in  a  snow-storm,  the  snow  three  inches 
deep.  I  bought  Dakin's  interest  in  the  claim  for  one  thousand  dollars.  Young 
Russ  held  his  father's  share.  Young  Russ  soon  got  homesick  and  I  bought  his 
share  for  five  hundred  dollars.  I  then  sold  two-thirds  of  the  claim  to  Davis 
and  Walworth  for  two  thousand  dollars.  This  was  in  January,  1839.  We  com- 
menced building  the  mills  next  spring.  John  H.  Bartlett,  I  am  told,  is  now  living 
in  Dubuque." 

Mr.  Edmund  Booth  writes :  "I  arrived  at  'the  Forks,'  as  they  were  familiarly 
termed — meaning  Buffalo  Forks  of  the  Wapsipinicon,  often  abbreviated  to  Wap- 
sie — in  August,  1839.  If  I  remember  aright,  it  was  on  the  i8th  day  of  August. 
I  had  reached  Dubuque  from  the  East  some  days  previously,  and  made  inquiry 
for  George  H.  Walworth.  I  was  referred  to  Timothy  Davis;  sought  and  found 
him  in  his  little  lawyer's  office  on  Main  street.  He  informed  me  he  was  a  part- 
ner of  Walworth,  and  that  the  latter  was  at  the  'Buffalo  Forks  of  the  Wapsi- 
pinicon.' He  proposed  to  let  me  have  a  horse  which  he  wished  to  send  to  the 
Forks,  and  suggested  the  next  day  for  starting;  distance,  forty  miles.     He  in- 

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formed  me  that  a  new  road,  known  as  the  United  States  Military  Road,  was 
being  laid  out  to  the  Forks,  and  seemed  to  apprehend  no  difficulty  about  the  way. 
This  Timothy  Davis  was,  some  years  later,  member  of  the  Lower  House  of  Con- 
gress for  Iowa.  He  died  about  a  year  ago,  of  paralysis  (1872).  He  was  a 
lawyer  from  Missouri,  a  man  of  good  intellect,  clear  head,  and  at  the  time. 
1839,  the  best  lawyer  in  Northern  Iowa.    His  nature  was  ever  kindly. 

"In  the  course  of  one  evening,  after  seeing  Mr.  Davis  as  above  described, 
he  called  on  me  at  Tim  Fanning's  log  tavern,  the  only  hotel  in  Dubuque,  and 
informed  me  that  two  men  would  start  next  morning  for  Iowa  City,  then  just 
laid  out  as  the  capital  of  the  Territory  of  Iowa.  They  were  going  to  attend 
the  first  sale  of  lots.  Next  morning  we  started  accordingly.  The  name  of  one 
of  the  men  was  Bartlett — whether  the  Bartlett  mentioned  by  Ford  or  not,  I  do 
not  know ;  but  judge  not,  as  he  did  not  appear  to  have  any  knowledge  of  the 
road,  nor  did  he  mention  aught  to  lead  one  to  suppose  he  had  acquaintance  with 
the  locality  of  the  'Forks.'  The  name  of  the  other  man  I  have  forgotten;  but 
he  was  a  blacksmith  of  Dubuque.  For  the  journey,  I  had  a  large,  strong  horse, 
not  spirited,  but  good.  The  two  men  were  mounted  on  ponies.  They  rode  at 
a  continual  slow  trot,  the  natural  pace  of  a  pony.  My  horse  taking  longer 
strides,  I  allowed  them  to  proceed  some  distance,  and  then  a  trot  brought  me  up 
to  them.    And  so  it  was  all  the  way. 

"As  before  said,  the  military  road  was  being  laid  out.  Congress  having  ap- 
propriated twenty  thousand  dollars.  We  found  a  newly  broken  furrow  along  one 
side  of  the  road,  which,  by  the  way,  was  merely  a  track  through  the  grass  of  the 
prairies,  and  a  mound  of  turf  raised  three  to  four  feet  high  at  intervals  of  a  half 
mile,  more  or  less.  At  about  noon  he  reached  the  house  of  Mr.  Hamilton,  two 
miles  or  so  before  reaching  Cascade.  Here  we  took  dinner  atld  fed  the  horses. 
There  was  only  a  woman — probably  Mrs.  Hamilton — in  the  house,  and  they  had  a 
small  field  in  cultivation,  no  larger  than  a  garden  to  appearance.  The  man  was 
away.  Continuing  on,  we  soon  reached  Cascade.  South  of  the  river  (North 
Fork  of  the  Maquoketa)  was  a  log  cabin  belonging  to  Mr.  Dulong,  an  urbane 
Kentuckian.  North  of  the  river  was  the  unfinished  frame  hotel  of  Mr.  Thomas, 
and  these  were  all  the  buildings  of  the  place.  Mr.  Dulong  was  an  elderly  man, 
apparently  forty  to  fifty  years  of  age.  He  died  some  years  since.  Continuing 
on,  it  began  to  grow  dark  before  we  reached  the  timber  of  the  South  Fork  of 
the  Maquoketa. 

"Passing  through  the  timber,  the  new  road  being  pretty  good,  the  light  from 
the  chinks  of  a  log  cabin  at  last  gave  us  assurance  of  human  habitation,  and  a 
chance  for  a  night's  lodging.  It  proved  to  be  the  dwelling  of  Daniel  Varvel,  situ- 
ated on  the  South  Fork  of  the  Maquoketa,  and  where  is  now  a  portion  of  the 
town  of  Monticello.  On  the  maps  of  the  place,  it  is  designated  as  Monticello. 
Reaching  Varvel's,  he  put  the  horses  in  a  stable,  near  by — a  log  stable,  by  the 
way,  with  a  loft  above  for  hay.  In  the  house  were  some  dozen  or  fifteen  men, 
in  the  employ  of  the  U.  S.  government  contractor,  and  engaged  in  laying  out 
the  Military  Road.  They  had  come  thus  far  with  the  work.  Varvel  prepared 
supper.  He  was  at  that  time  wifeless,  and  no  woman  in  the  house.  Supper  of 
ham  and  eggs,  com  dodgers  and  coffee.  Breakfast,  ditto,  the  next  morning, 
eaten  with  a  hearty  relish  after  such  a  long  ride.     No  beds  for  us  with  this 

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crowd.  After  an  hour's  talk,  Varvel  took  the  lantern  and  led  the  way  to  the 
stable.  We  mounted  the  ladder  outside,  and  with  our  saddle-blankets  for  cov- 
ering, slept  on  the  hay  (we  three)  till  morning,  the  horses  feeding  and  resting 
beneath  us.  And  this  was  my  first  night  in  Iowa  after  leaving  Dubuque.  A  word 
here  about  Varvel.  He  was  from  Kentucky;  married  some  years  after  this,  our 
first  meeting;  with  George  H.  Walworth  he  laid  out  the  town  of  Monticello, 
south  of  the  river. 

"His  children  grew  up  and  removed  further  West.  He  followed  them  a  few 
years  since,  and  I  do  not  know  whether  he  is  living  or  dead.  After  breakfast, 
we  left  X^arvel's,  as  the  place  was  called  until  Monticello  was  laid  out  and  named. 
The  road  was  tolerably  well  marked  by  wagons.  About  noon  that  day  we  found 
the  only  plowed  land  we  had  seen  after  leaving  Dubuque.  This  second  piece  of 
plowed  land,  then  just  broken,  consisted  of  five  acres,  the  claim  belonging  to  David 
G.  Dumars,  and  the  identical  ground  on  which  the  county  fair  has  been  held  for 
some  years.  Passing  by  this,  and  when  about  the  intersection  of  what  is  now 
Main  and  High  streets,  Anamosa,  a  large-sized  man  came  lazily  along  the  road 
toward  us.  We  stopped  and  made  inquiry.  He  told  me  to  take  a  road  to  the 
right  a  few  rods  further  on.  That  man  was  David  G.  Dumars.  He  went  on 
toward  his  breaking;  and,  bidding  good-bye  to  my  two  companions,  who  were 
bound  for  the  new  capital  of  the  Territory  and  prospective  wealth  through  the 
purchase  of  town  lots,  I  turned  into  the  road  to  the  right.  A  mile  and  a  half 
brought  me  to  the  log  cabin  referred  to  in  G.  H.  Ford's  letter,  the  body  which 
had  been  built  by  Riiss  &  Dakin.  Here  I  found  G.  H.  Walworth,  who  was  an 
old  acquaintance  and  about  fifteen  to  twenty  other  persons  engaged  in  building 
a  dam  and  saw-mill.  The  day  was  Sunday,  and  the  people  scattered,  some  read- 
ing, some  lounging  about,  some  gone  to  'the  Prairie,'  as  the  settlement  south  of 
the  timber  was  called.  That  settlement  then  consisted  of  eighteen  log  dwellings, 
and  extended  along  the  south  border  of  the  timber  from  Highland  Grove  to 
Viola ;  of  course,  these  two  latter  names  not  being  given  till  years  afterward.  I 
have  related  my  journey  as  above  merely  to  convey  some  idea  of  the  aspect  of 
the  country,  buildings,  etc.,  and  have  named  every  dwelling  we  saw  after  leav- 
ing the  little  hamlet  of  Dubuque. 

"I  give  here  a  list  of  the  early  settlers  of  the  township;  most  of  the  list  was 
obtained  from  John  G.  Joslin,  ten  years  ago:  Qement  Russell  and  family  ar- 
rived in  July,  1837;  John  G.  Joslin  and  family,  in  August,  1837;  Ambrose  Parsons 
and  family,  in  May,  1838;  Benonia  Brown  and  family,  in  October,  1838:  l.a- 
throp  Olmstead  and  family,  in  April,  1838;  James  Parsons,  with  his  son  Silas, 
in  April,  1838;  John  Leonard  and  wife  arrived  in  the  autumn  of  1838;  Calvin 
C.  Reed,  in  1838;  Gideon  H.  Peet,  in  the  spring  of  1839;  Henry  Van  Buskirk, 
iii  the  spring  1839;  Samuel  Kelly,  in  1838;  Edmund  Booth,  in  August,  1839; 
Henry  Booth,  in  May,  1840;  Col.  David  Wood,  in  June,  1840." 

MRS.     PEET's     letter,     1842. 

Copy  of  Mrs.  Abigail  Peet's  letter  to  Mrs.  Philip  Burlingham  of  Cortland, 
N.  Y.,  from  where  the  Peets  had  emigrated  to  Jones  county,  Iowa,  in  1839. 

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Pameho  (Fairview),  March  19,  1842. 

Dear  Daughter:  I  improve  this  opportunity  to  write  and  inform  you  that 
we  are  all  enjoying  very  good  health  at  present  and  hope  to  hear  the  same  from 
you.  We  have  had  a  light  winter  in  comparison  to  what  we  used  to  have  there. 
We  have  not  had  snow  to  hinder  anyone's  going  into  the  woods  to  draw  rails 
or  timber  anywhere  they  please.  It  has  been  all  gone  as  much  as  four  or  five 
weeks,  and  is  now  very  warm. 

Our  folks  tapped  our  sugar  trees  last  Monday  so  we  could  make  our  own 
sugar.  We  have  made  eighty-five  pounds  and  they  think  they  shall  have  syrup 
enough  by  night  to  make  up  the  one  hundred.  I  think  it  is  as  nice  as  we  ever 
made.    Gideon  and  Julius  are  both  making  for  themselves. 

The  tops  of  the  wheat  is  killed  considerable  but  your  father  was  over  to  it 
this  morning  and  he  says  it  is  sprouting  up  thick  and  the  ground  is  dry  enough 
to  go  to  plowing.  Tell  Philip  if  he  was  only  here  to  begin  his  Spring  work  he 
could  not  help  being  highly  delighted.  I  little  thought  when  I  left  you  that  it 
would  be  so  long  before  I  saw  you  again,  but  I  begin  to  fear  that  you  will  wait 
so  long  to  get  a  great  price  there,  that  you  will  lose  more  here  by  having  the 
best  chances  taken  up  that  are  convenient  to  timber  and  water,  etc.  It  is  a  great 
chance  for  making  a  little  money  go  a  great  ways  in  buying  good  land. 

There  is  an  abundance  of  excellent  prairie  and  considerable  timber  land  not 
taken  up  yet  that  can  be  got  at  the  land  office  for  one  dollar  and  twenty  cents  per 
acre.  Anyone  would  be  very  foolish  to  chop  and  clear  land  here  when  there  are 
thousands  and  thousands  of  acres  already  cleared ;  and  no  stump  roots  or  stones 
to  molest  you,  but  there  is  plenty  of  excellent  stone  in  the  timber  and  in  ledges 
along  the  water  courses.  Your  father  often  used  to  say  he  would  like  to  have 
the  stone  by  itself  and  the  land  by  itself ;  he  now  has  his  wish. 

They  say  there  is  a  ledge  about  two  or  three  miles  from  here  on  the  bank  of 
the  river  that  rises  twenty  or  thirty  feet  high  and  appears  to  be  in  regular  layers. 
Some  of  the  men  have  dug  out  some  to  use  about  buildings  which  they  say  is 
very  beautiful  stone,  others  say  that  it  is  a  quarry  of  Turkish  marble  but  how  it 
will  turn  out  I  cannot  say. 

Julius  is  pleasantly  situated  and  has  a  nice  little  black-eyed  wife,  she  is  young 
— ^will  be  eighteen  next  August,  but  she  seems  to  understand  business  very  well 
and  keeps  things  snug.  Martin  went  to  board  with  them  soon  after  they  com- 
menced housekeeping  and  is  there  now.  Your  father  often  says  that  he  would 
rather  have  Julius'  place  than  his  old  farm  and  I  do  not  think  Julius  would  trade 
if  he  could,  to  go  back  there  to  live ;  he  has  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  which 
cost  two  hundred  and  forty-five  dollars. 

I  have  made  fifty-five  cheeses  this  last  season,  and  the  boys  took  thirty  of 
them  to  Dubuque  and  sold  them  for  a  shilling  per  pound,  then  bought  three 
kettles  to  make  sugar  in,  also  one  dish  kettle  for  six  pence  per  pound,  four  pairs 
of  men's  high  shoes  for  twelve  shillings  per  pair.  Your  father  says  they  are  the 
best  shoes  he  ever  had. 

Pork  and  grain  are  very  cheap  here  now. 

Philip,  I  will  write  a  little  to  you.  If  you  cannot  sell  to  get  all  of  your  money 
down,  leave  it  in  good  hands  where  you  can  depend  upon  it  when  promised,  get 
what  you  can,  and  sell  oflf  your  stock,  they  will  bring  cash  at  some  price.    If  you 

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should  leave  any  in  that  way,  get  the  man  to  deposit  the  money  in  some  good 
permanent  bank  and  get  a  certificate  of  deposit  and  have  him  send  it  to  you. 
There  is  a  farm  that  lies  between  Martins  and  ours  with  some  people  living  on 
it  who  have  paid  for  two  eighties  and  have  a  claim  on  a  considerable  more.  I 
hear  they  have  borrowed  the  most  of  the  money  to  pay  for  it,  so  we  think  it  might 
be  sold  pretty  reasonable.  There  is  another  one  of  the  same  family  that  lives 
the  other  way  between  Gideon  and  us  which  if  you  could  get  would  suit  you,  but 
I  do  not  know  as  he  would  sell,  there  is  no  danger  however,  but  what  you  could 
suit  yourself.  I  would  not  advise  you  to  buy  land  of  any  man  there  that  owns 
land  here,  for  the  chance  is  as  good  for  you  as  it  is  for  others.  We  have  not 
the  money  now  but  we  calculate  to  help  you  all  as  fast  as  we  can.  There  are  sev- 
eral men  owing,  of  whom  we  can  get  nothing  but  work,  so  we  thought  it  best 
to  have  a  little  more  house  room ;  they  got  out  and  hewed  the  timber  for  it  week 
before  last.  We  calculate  to  build  a  room  on  the  east  end  of  this  eighteen  by 
twenty,  then  a  back  room  the  whole  length  of  the  house  for  bed  rooms  and  other 
conveniences.  Gideon  got  out  the  timber  the  same  week  for  his  house,  twenty 
by  thirty-two,  I  believe. 

If  you  come  you  had  better  get  a  good  strong  wagon  and  team  that  is  stout 
and  true,  and  if  you  could,  get  another  good  horse,  and  strong  light  wagon  for 
your  family  if  Harvey  should  come  with  you.  It  is  best  to  have  two  in  company, 
if  anything  should  happen  you  could  assist  each  other  or  if  any  of  your  friends 
wish  to  come  tell  them  they  had  better  start,  for  if  they  once  get  here  they  cannot 
help  being  suited.  You  will  have  to  travel  through  a  great  many  places  that  you 
will  not  like  and  many  more  that  you  will  like  but  if  you  can  get  here  and  buy 
land  as  good  as  the  best  at  ten  shillings  per  acre  it  will  pay  all. 

I  think  there  is  as  little  complaining  of  sickness  here  as  I  ever  knew  in  any 
place,  but  I  think  it  would  be  a  good  plan  to  make  a  jug  of  syrup  such  as  I  made 
when  I  was  at  your  home,  and  get  some  boxes  of  Persian  pills,  a  box  or  two 
of  Davids  plasters,  they  are  very  valuable. 

I  wish  you  could  get  me  a  patent  wheel  head.  I  cannot  hear  of  any  here,  but 
they  say  they  make  wheels  of  both  sorts  a  few  miles  from  here. 

I  want  you  to  write  immediately  and  let  us  know  your  calculations. 
I  remain  your  ever  affectionate  mother, 

Abigail  Peet. 

wild  game  in  fairview  township. 

At  the  present  time  there  is  but  very  little  wild  game  in  Fairview  township 
and  the  hunter  and  sportsman  has  very  little  game  to  hunt.  What  game  there  is 
consists  of  a  small  variety,  such  as  rabbits,  squirrels,  a  few  prairie-chickens  and 
wild  ducks.  On  account  of  the  stringent  laws  protecting  the  quail  quite  a  num- 
ber have  accumulated  until  it  is  a  common  occurrence  to  see  a  small  bevy  along 
the  road-side. 

The  Anamosa  Eureka  under  date  of  October  28,  1909,  published  an  article 
entitled  **A  Realm  of  Paradise"  which  vividly  sets  out  the  conditions  of  the  early 
game  of  Fairview  township,  which  is  as  follows: 

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A  Few  Experiences  in  Hunting  and  Fishing  in  the  Early  Times. 

"In  a  recent  interview  with  Mr.  Hiram  Joslin.  who  landed  in  Jones  county, 
Aug.  27,  1837,  he  narrated  some  of  the  experiences  of  himself  and  other  members 
of  the  family.  In  those  days  deer,  elk,  wild  turkeys,  etc.,  were  very  plentiful 
everywhere,  particularly  in  the  *Big  woods/  as  the  Wapsie  timber  belt  was  called. 
Mr.  John  G.  Joslin,  the  father  of  Hiram,  Clark,  Harrison,  Daniel,  Thurston  and 
their  sisters,  we  remember  well  as  a  great  hunter,  and  many  a  deer,  elk  and  wild 
turkey  fell  before  his  unerring  rifle.  All  the  boys,  and,  in  fact,  most  of  the  old 
settlers  were  more  or  less  given  to  exploits  of  this  character.  Mr.  Hiram  Joslin 
claims  the  honor  of  having  shot  the  biggest  disar  ever  killed  in  the  county.  Mr. 
Miles  Russell,  another  old  hunter  remembered  by  a  few,  was  with  Mr.  Joslin  at 
the  time.  They  were  one  and  a  half  miles  northwest  of  Fairview  when  Hiram 
finally  brought  down  the  big  buck.  The  buck^s  mate  was  with  him  and  was  fol- 
lowed a  short  distance  and  shot,  the  ball  cutting  a  big  artery.  Hiram  then  went 
home,  southeast  of  Fairview,  hitched  a  yoke  of  oxen  to  a  sled  and,  with  his 
father  accompanying  him,  drove  two  or  three  miles,  loaded  up  the  game  and 
hauled  it  in.  The  buck  weighed  over  four  hundred  pounds,  and  in  all  probability, 
as  Mr.  Joslin  says,  was  the  largest  ever  captured  in  this  locality.  Hiram  gave 
the  skins  to  his  father,  who  had  learned  from  the  Indians  the  art  of  dressing 
and  tanning  them  for  clothing,  which  we  remember  to  have  seen  worn  frequently. 
Mr.  Joslin  said  the  buckskin  suit  was  *a  little  sticky  when  wet  but  lasted  long — 
too  long,  sometimes,  to  suit  him.* 

"On  one  occasion  when  Hiram  and  his  father  were  returning  home  by  moon- 
light from  a  trip  up  in  the  Buffalo  timber  they  discovered  a  flock  of  turkeys  roost- 
ing in  trees  at  some  distance.  Hiram  mimicked  a  hoot  owl  and  that  started  the 
gobblers  going.  Hiram  slipped  through  the  brush  until  within  reach,  sighted 
along  the  gHmmering  gun  barrel  in  the  moonlight,  fired  and  downed  his  bird. 
This  was  about  a  mile  northwest  of  the  George  Perkins  place,  near  the  Buffalo. 
At  that  time  many  of  the  roads  were  little  more  than  Indian  trails. 

"Mr.  Joslin  recalled  a  fishing  trip  in  which  he,  his  brothers  John  and  Har- 
rison and  their  father  and  George  and  Eli  Brown  joined.  While  on  their  way 
to  the  Wapsie  they  ran  on  a  couple  of  elk.  The  Browns  had  a  rifle  and  shot  the 
biggest  of  the  pair,  but  the  other  waded  across  the  river  and  escaped.  After  dark 
two  torches  were  set  aflame  and  borne  quietly  along  the  shore.  John  Joslin 
speared  a  sturgeon  weighing  sixty  pounds.  This  was  their  biggest  prize,  but 
before  they  concluded  their  night's  sport  they  also  had  captured  six  or  eight 
muskellunge,  and  when  they  were  hung  on  poles  suspended  on  their  shoulders 
some  of  their  tails  touched  the  ground.  This  is  not  an  incredible  story,  by  any 
means,  for  we  remember  to  have  seen  muskellunge  weighing  from  twenty-two 
to  twenty-eight  pounds,  and  have  known  of  their  being  occasionally  taken  that 
weighed  from  thirty  to  forty  pounds,  a  fact  that  Mr.  Joslin,  we  doubt  not,  can 
corroborate  from  his  personal  knowledge. 

"Wild  geese,  ducks  and  pigeons  in  their  season  by  the  millions,  and  prairie 
chickens  and  quails  innumerable — a  mere  mention  is  sufficient,  for  they  were  a 

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drug  in  the  market.  But  those  days  are  gone,  never  to  return,  and  we  are  com- 
pelled to  accept  what  we  call  advanced  civilization  and  find  the  best  compensa- 
tions we  can  to  take  the  place  of  the  superb,  unequaled,  near-to-nature  delights 
and  experiences  of  the  huntsmen  and  fishermen  who  made  this  veritable  paradise 
their  home  in  the  days  of  the  early  pioneers." 

The  Thirty-third  General  Assembly  of  the  State  of  Iowa  passed  a  law  that  no 
person  shall  hunt,  pursue,  kill  or  take  any  wild  animals,  bird  or  game  in  this 
State  with  a  gim,  without  first  procuring  a  license  known  as  a  hunter's  license. 
This  license  must  be  procured  at  the  office  of  the  County  Auditor  and  costs  the 
sum  of  one  dollar,  which  money  is  transferred  to  the  Treasurer  of  State  and 
placed  to  the  credit  of  a  fund  known  as  the  fish  and  game  protection  fund. 

The  number  of  citizens  of  Jones  county  who  have  procured  a  license  from 
the  County  Auditor's  office  up  to  December  i,  1909,  was  one  thousand  and  twenty- 
four.  This  indicates  that  a  good  proportion  of  our  citizens  are  interested  to  a 
greater  or  less  degree  in  hunting. 


In  1840,  a  weekly  horseback  mail  was  placed  on  the  route  between  Dubuque 
and  Iowa  City,  via  Edinburg,  the  then  county  seat,  and  coming  into  the  military 
road  at  Dartmouth,  now  Anamosa.  In  1841,  Gideon  N.  Peet  procured  the  estab- 
lishment of  a  postoffice  at  his  residence,  a  mile  west  of  Russell's,  and  was  ap- 
pointed postmaster.  This  was  the  first  postoffice  and  postmaster  in  the  township, 
the  nearest  postoffice  being  then  at  Edinburg,  James  Hutton,  postmaster;  Big 
Woods,  Mr.  Grauel,  postmaster;  Rome  (now  Olin),  Norman  B.  Seely,  post- 
master; Springville,  Colonel  Butler,  postmaster,  and  Monticello,  William  Clark, 
postmaster.  Mr.  Peet  conducted  his  postoffice  well,  but  the  business  was  light, 
for  the  people  were  few,  and  the  rates  of  letter  postage  were  burdensome.  Money 
was  a  scarce  article,  the  country  not  having  recovered  from  the  effects  of  the 
crash  of  1837,  and  the  government  accepting  nothing  at  the  land  offices  or  post- 
offices  except  gold  and  silver.  The  money  mostly  current  was  "red-dog,"  "wild- 
cat," and  "stumptail,"  that  is,  the  money  of  the  state  banks,  and  no  man  receiving 
it  one  day  could  tell  what  it  would  be  worth  the  next.  In  such  a  condition  of 
things,  and  every  man  hoarding  to  pay  the  government  for  his  land,  the  amount 
of  mail  sent  and  received  was  small.  After  some  months,  Mr.  Peet  wished  to 
rid  himself  of  the  care  of  the  office.  Russell  desired  the  position,  as  he  said,  "so 
that  he  could  read  all  the  papers,"  and  the  expression  may  have  been  one  of  his 
many  jests.  In  some  way,  and  through  his  personal  friend.  Senator  A.  C.  Dodge, 
at  Washington,  his  wish  was  gratified.  Months  passed.  The  mail  came  weekly 
at  about  the  noon  hour.  Almost  daily,  Russell  might  be  seen  stepping  to  his  door 
after  dinner,  and,  with  vexation  depicted  on  his  face,  looking  up  the  road  leading 
into  the  timber  and  to  the  Wapsipinicon  bridge.  Waiting  for  the  mail  kept  him 
from  his  farm  work,  and  finally  he  declared  the  postoffice  was  "nothing  but  a 
plague,"  and  sent  into  Washington  his  resignation  in  favor  of  A.  B.  Dumont. 

Dumont  was  a  carpenter,  one  of  the  two  sons  of  J.  B.  Dumont,  then  recently 
arrived  from  the  State  of  New  York,  and  settled  in  Fairview.  The  other  son 
was  Fred,  an  invaHd  at  the  time,  and  now  one  of  the  substantial  farmers  near 

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Fairview.  The  new  postmaster,  Mr.  Dumont,  had  a  job  at  Marion,  Linn  county, 
and  placed  the  office  in  charge  of  Edmund  Booth,  his  next-door  neighbor,  for  a 
few  weeks.  The  time  ran  into  six  months,  and  still  having  work  at  Marion, 
Dumont  concluded  to  resign.  Dr.  Sylvester  G.  Matson,  then  living  on  the  military 
road  just  south  of  Reed's  Creek,  desired  it,  and  Mr.  Dumont  resigned  in  his 
favor.  Mr.  Booth  remarks  that  during  the  six  months  the  postoffice  was  in  his 
care,  the  sum  total  of  his  compensation,  that  is  postmaster's  percentage  on  re- 
ceipts, was  just  six  dollars.  Dr.  Matson  held  the  position  one  month,  and,  like 
his  predecessors,  found  the  glory  small  and  the  pay  still  smaller.  He,  too,  threw 
up  the  affair,  and  another  man  succeeded  him.  The  name  of  the  office  all  this 
time  was  Pamaho,  suggested  by  Mr.  Peet  in  his  petition  to  the  department  in  1841, 
Mr.  Peet  stating  it  was  the  name  of  an  Indian  chief  in  Wisconsin.. 

The  following  is  a  complete  list  of  postmasters  of  the  village  of  Fairview, 
once  called  Pamaho,  from  September  16,  1840,  when  the  postoffice  was  estab- 
lished until  the  twenty-fourth  day  of  October,  1904,  when  the  postoffice  was 
discontinued  and  mail  was  carried  by  rural  mail  carriers  from  Springville,  Iowa : 

Pamaho  (changed  to  Fairview).     Gideon  N.  Peet  (Estab.)   Sept.  16,  1840. 

Clement  Russell,  appointed  July  8,  1843. 

Sylvester  G.  Matson,  appointed,  March  2,  1844. 

Amasa  B.  Dumont,  appointed  April  27,  1846. 

S.  G.  Matson,  appointed  March  16,  1848. 

Burton  Peet,  appointed  July  3,  1849. 

John  Craighead,  appointed  July  29,  1850. 

Amos  Merrill,  appointed  March  20,  1854. 

Joseph  A.  Secrest,  appointed  October  11,  1854. 

Eli  Jessup,  appointed  February  9,  1855. 

Eli  Gilbert,  appointed  December  12,  1855. 

Giles  J.  Hakes,  appointed  July  12,  1856. 

William  F.  Arnold,  appointed  May  9,  1862. 

Calvin  McGowen,  appointed  November  2,  1866. 

Ames  Merritt,  appointed  October  9,  1868. 

Geo.  D.  McKay,  appointed  March  24,  1869. 

Amos  Merrill,  appointed  June  8,  1874. 

Samuel  B.  Coleman,  appointed  October  8,  1877. 

Amos  Merrill,  appointed  November  12,  1877. 

Calvin  McGowen,  appointed  January  21,  1880. 

Miss  Elizabeth  Wood,  appointed  January  18,  1881. 

Miss  Elizabeth  Warner,  appointed  September  11,  1882. 

Joseph  D.  Secrest,  appointed  March  3,  1886. 

Mrs.  Jane  McGowan,  appointed  November  9,  1886. 

James  Northrup,  appointed  October  16,  1888. 

Mrs.  Vesta  Holden,  appointed  December  12,  1894. 

James  W.  Allee,  appointed  August  22,  1898. 

William  T.  Cason,  appointed  September  6,  1900. 

Harry  L.  Keam  (or  Kearn),  appointed  May  8,  1901. 

Albertus  Somers,  appointed  March  10,  1902. 

Katharine  M.  Mott,  appointed  August  13,  1902. 

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Discontinued  October  24,  1904.  Effective  November  14,  1904.  Mail  to 


On  June  28,  1840,  Colonel  Thomas  Cox,  at  the  solicitation  of  J.  D.  Wal- 
worth laid  out  the  town  which  was  called  Dartmouth  and  which  is  now  the  pres- 
ent location  of  Anamosa.  The  plat  made  by  him  was  never  recorded  and 
amounted  to  nothing.  The  platting  of  Dartmouth  was  done  the  day  after  the 
locating  of  the  county  seat  by  the  county  commissioners,  Thomas  S.  Denson  and 
Charles  Hutton,  June  20,  1840,  in  section  36,  township  83,  north  range  3,  which 
was  called  Edinburg.  R.  J.  Cleaveland  of  Olin,  in  the  year  1846,  laid  the  town 
of  Lexington,  and  the  name  Lexington  was  changed  Anamosa,  and  that  portion 
of  the  city  now  called  '*down  town"  by  some  and  "Dublin"  by  others,  corresponds 
to  the  original  town  of  Lexington. 

To  the  original  town  there  has  been  made  the  following  additions  and  sub- 
divisions : 

1.  Crockwell's  Addition  in  the  year  1848. 

2.  Crockwell's  Out-Lots  in  the  year  1847. 

3.  Ford's  Addition  in  the  year  1848. 

4.  Walworth's  Addition  in  the  year  1849. 

5.  Walworth's  Out-Lots  in  the  year  1849. 

6.  Fisher's  East  Anamosa  in  the  year  1850. 

7.  Fisher's  Addition  in  the  year  1865. 

8.  Webster's  Out-Lots  in  the  year  1854. 

9.  Hadock's  Out-Lpts  27,  East  Anamosa. 

10.  Keller's  Subdivision  of  lot  i,  Fisher's  Addition. 

11.  Warren's  Subdivision  of  part  of  Walworth's  Addition. 

12.  Shaw's  Subdivision  of  lot  i,  section  11,  town  84,  range  4. 

13.  Soper  &  Boardman's  Subdivision  of  lots  25,  26,  28,  29,  Fisher's  East 

14.  Kimball's  Subdivision  of  5,  6  and  part  of  7,  Webster's  Out-Lots. 

15.  Peter's  Subdivision  of  the  west  half  of  lot  4  of  Fisher's  Addition. 

16.  Gibb's  Addition. 

17.  Skinner's  Addition. 

18.  Boardman's  Subdivision  of  lots  2  and  3  of  Webster's  Out-Lots. 

19.  Peter's  Subdivision  of  lot  30,  and  west  half  of  lot  31  of  Walworth's 

20.  Ruber's  Subdivision. 

21.  Shaw's  Subdivision  of  the  east  half  of  lot  4  of  Fisher's  Addition,  and  part 
of  the  northeast  quarter  of  the  southwest  quarter  of  the  southwest  quarter  of 
section  2,  town  84,  range  4. 

22.  Hick's  Addition. 

23.  Shaw's  Subdivision  of  lot  25  of  Fisher's  East  Anamosa. 

24.  Sale's  Subdivision  of  Out-Lot  i  of  Walworth's  Addition. 

25.  Boardman  &  Soper's  Subdivision  of  lots  6,  7  and  10  of  Anamosa. 

26.  Booth's  Subdivision  of  lot  2  of  Fisher's  Addition. 

27.  Crane's  Subdivision  of  part  of  Walworth's  Addition. 

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28.  Osborne's  Subdivision  of  part  of  Walworth's  Addition. 

29.  Fisher's  Subdivision  of  part  of  Walworth's  Addition. 

30.  Subdivision  A,  of  Skinner's  Addition. 

31.  Shaw's  Subdivision  of  lot  26  of  Fisher's  East  Anamosa. 

32.  Shaw's  Subdivision  of  part  of  lot  4,  and  the  northeast  quarter  of  the 
northeast  quarter  of  section  10,  town  84,  range  4,  west  of  the  fifth  principal 

The  first  settlers  located  in  Anamosa  in  the  year  1838. 

The  census  of  1875  shows  the  population  of  1,598  as  taken  by  the  township 
assessor,  but  the  accuracy  of  this  census  was  seriously  questioned  by  a  great 
many  people.  The  census  of  1885  showed  a  population  of  1,874;  1890,  2,078; 
1895,  2,006;  1900,  2,891 ;  1905,  2,878;  and  it  is  estimated  that  the  census  of  1910 
will  show  a  population  of  over  3,000.  Anamosa  was  incorporated  as  a  village 
in  1856  and  as  a  city  in  1872. 

Anamosa  is  a  beautiful  city  of  2,878  inhabitants,  930  feet  above  the  sea 
level,  situated  at  the  junction  of  the  Wapsipinicon  and  BuflFalo  Creek  and  at  the 
foot  of  three  hills,  thus  being  well  protected  from  wind  and  storm.  The 
scenery  in  and  around  the  city  is  most  romantic  and  attractive  and  the  bluffs 
near  the  Wapsipinicon  River  and  particularly  at  High  BluflF  are  often  compared 
to  the  scenery  along  the  Hudson.  On  account  of  the  attractiveness  of  the 
scenery  at  High  Bluff  and  its  convenience  to  Anamosa  many  picnics  are 
held  there  and  during  the  months  of  June,  July  and  August  it  is  the  scene  of 
many  camping  parties  and  frequently  families  will  be  there  in  tents  most  of  the 
summer.  Another  pretty  place  is  Saum's  Creek,  which  is  commonly  called 
Horse  Shoe  Bend,  being  at  the  junction  of  Saum's  Creek  and  the  BuflFalo  Creek 
about  three-quarters  of  a  mile  northwest  of  the  State  quarries.  This  also  is  a 
favorable  picnic  ground  and  has  been  for  a  number  of  years. 


Anamosa  is  the  county  seat  of  Jones  county  and  has  been  since  the  year 
1847.  The  town  of  Newport  being  selected  as  the  county  seat  in  June,  1846, 
was  a  political  joke  as  it  was  a  hard  place  to  reach  at  that  time  and  a  long  dis- 
tance from  the  center  of  population. 

Preparations  were  made  for  the  erection  of  a  log  courthouse,  and  some  of 
the  timbers  were  placed  on  the  ground,  but  nothing  was  ever  done  toward  its 
completion.  The  commissioners  rented  a  room  from  Adam  Overacker  for  their 
meeting,  and  made  arrangements  with  him  to  supply  rooms  to  accommodate  the 
court  at  the  proper  season. 

When  Judge  Wilson  reached  the  spot,  and  found  there  was  no  place  prepared 
for  holding  court,  save  in  a  room  of  the  log  shanty ;  saw  no  other  house  in  the 
vicinity,  and  nought  in  view  save  trees  and  waving  prairie-grass,  he  got  into  his 
buggy  and  drove  off  to  his  home  in  Dubuque.  Xo  term  of  court  was  held  during 
the  time  the  county  seat  was  at  Newport.  The  result  of  the  election  which  fixed 
upon  Newport  was  generally  looked  upon  as  a  joke.  It  satisfied  no  one  except 
Adam  Overacker,  and  was  much  less  suited  to  the  needs  of  the  county  than 
Edinburg.     As   soon  as   possible,   the  assistance  of   the  legislature  was   again 

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called  in,  and  privilege  was  granted  by  that  body  to  vote  for  a  county  seat,  ac- 
cording to  their  own  inclinations.  If  this  election  should  not  show  a  majority 
for  any  one  point,  a  second  election  should  be  held,  in  which  the  two  places 
having  the  greatest  number  of  votes  in  the  first  election  should  be  the  only  ones 
in  the  field. 

On  the  first  election,  in  the  spring  of  1847,  ^ve  points  were  returned,  viz.: 
Lexington,  Newport,  Rome,  Monticdlo  and  Scotch  Grove.  No  votes  were  given 
to  Edinburg,  Newport  and  Lexington  stood  highest,  and  in  the  second  contest, 
about  two  weeks  later,  a  victory  resulted  in  favor  of  Lexington,  whose  name 
was  afterward  changed  by  authority  of  Judge  Wilson,  of  the  district  court,  to 

After  the  election,  the  commissioners  met  June  10,  1847,  ^^  Edinburg.  They 
adjourned  till  7  o'clock,  June  11,  when  they  immediately  took  a  recess  to  meet 
at  8  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  at  Lexington.  We  might,  therefore,  say  that  this 
town  became  the  county  seat  between  7  A.  M.  and  8  P.  M.,  June  11,  1847.  The 
house  of  G.  H.  Ford  was  temporarily  secured  for  court  purposes  and  the  trans- 
action of  county  business. 

Lexington  had  been  surveyed  by  R.  J.  Cleaveland,  June  18,  1846,  with  Mahan 
&  Crockwell  as  proprietors.  It  was  replatted,  with  provision  for  a  public  square, 
in  June,  1847,  by  H.  Mahan,  John  D.  Crockwell  and  G.  H.  Ford,  who,  in  accord- 
ance with  a  previous  pledge,  donated  to  the  county  of  Jones,  fifty  lots  of  the 
new  town  and  a  public  square.  Of  these  lots,  forty-eight  were  sold  at  the  July 
term  of  the  Commissioners'  Board,  realizing  to  the  county  seven  hundred  and 
twenty-five  dollars. 

The  contract  for  building  a  two-story  frame  courthouse  was  let  to  G.  H.  Ford 
at  eight  hundred  dollars.  This  building  was  30x40  feet,  and  could  not  have  been 
built  at  so  low  a  price  had  it  not  been  that  most  of  the  necessary  material  was 
already  donated  to  the  county.  This  courthouse  was  first  occupied  January  3, 
1848.  Various  attempts  have  been  made  in  later  years  to  remove  the  county 
seat  from  Anamosa  to  a  more  central  locality.  In  the  vote  of  April  6,  1857,  a 
contest  was  waged  between  Anamosa  and  Madison,  with  a  result  of  1,024  to  717 
in  favor  of  the  former.  In  the  following  year,  an  attempt  to  remove  the  seat  of 
justice  to  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  i,  Jackson  township,  failed  of  a  ma- 
jority by  33  votes.  The  ballot  stood  1,278  to  1,245.  ^^  October,  1874,  the 
people  were  called  upon  to  decide  between  Anamosa  and  Center  Junction.  The 
contest  was  a  bitter  one,  and  not  without  some  fear  on  the  part  of  the  friends 
of  Anamosa.    The  latter,  however,  were  successful  by  a  vote  of  1,993  to  1,592. 

The  courthouse  above  mentioned,  as  built  by  G.  H.  Ford  in  1847,  was  used 
by  the  county  until  1864.  Some  brick  offices  had  also  been  erected,  which  stood, 
with  the  courthouse,  down  in  the  part  known  as  the  "old  town"  of  Anamosa. 
Though  the  old  building  did  good  service  for  the  county  for  some  eighteen 
years,  yet  it  was  not  free  from  the  gnawings  of  the  "tooth  of  time,"  and  we 
find,  in  the  midwinter  meeting  of  the  board  of  supervisors,  the  following  reso- 
lutions offered: 

Whereas,  H.  C.  Metcalf  has  generously  offered  to  Jones  county  suitable 
rooms  for  county  offices  and  a  commodious  hall  in  which  to  hold  the  district 
court,  for  the  term  of  two  years  free  of  rent,  with  the  privilege  of  using  the 

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same  three  years  longer  for  such  rent  as  the  board  of  supervisors  may  see  fit  to 
allow,  and 

Whereas.  The  ruinous  and  dilapidated  condition  of  the  building  known  as 
the  Jones  county  courthouse,  now  only  renders  it  a  fit  habitation  for  bats  and 
owls,  and  as  we,  the  representatives  of  Jones  county,  do  not  desire  longer  to 
dispute  possession  with  a  class  of  tenants  whose  claims  are  vastly  superior  to 
ours,  therefore 

Resolved,  That  this  board  accept  said  proposition  and  order  a  removal  of  the 
public  records  as  soon  as  said  Metcalf  shall  make  to  the  county  a  lease  of  the 
aforesaid  rooms,  in  accordance  with  the  conditions  above  stated. 

This  resolution  was  finally  adopted  on  the  sixth  day  of  the  term,  January, 
1864.  The  old  courthouse  was  sold  at  auction  November  15,  1864,  to  E.  B. 
Alderman  for  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars,  and  was  moved  up  town. 

The  rooms  rented  of  Mr.  Metcalf  were  occupied  free  of  rent  for  two  years, 
when  they  were  leased  at  the  rate  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  per  year. 
The  county  offices  remained  here  until  the  fall  of  1871  when  they  were  removed 
to  their  present  location  in  Shaw's  block.  The  courtroom  was  removed  to  Lehm- 
kuhFs  block  in  January,  187 1,  the  hall  in  Metcalf 's  building  being  inadequate  to 
the  needs  of  the  county.  For  three  years,  the  county  rented  the  rooms  occupied 
by  the  county  officers.  During  the  time  of  the  contest  for  the  county  seat  between 
Center  Junction  and  Anamosa,  the  latter  city  in  its  corporate  capacity  appro- 
priated three  thousand  dollars  and  private  citizens  subscribed  two  thousand  dol- 
lars more,  with  which  amount  and  one  thousand  dollars  additional  pledged,  the 
entire  second  floor  of  Shaw's  block  and  the  auditor's  office  on  the  first  floor  were 
purchased  and  conveyed  to  the  county  of  Jones,  to  belong  to  said  county  so 
long  as  they  were  occupied  for  county  and  court  purposes.  In  the  event  that 
the  county  seat  is  removed  from  Anamosa,  these  rooms  are  to  revert  to  their  for- 
mer owners,  the  city  and  citizens  of  Anamosa. 

Four  terms  of  court  are  held  in  Jones  county  each  year,  viz.:  March,  May, 
September  and  December.  The  longest  terms  usually  being  March  and  Septem- 
ber. Three  judges  preside  over  the  court  in  Anamosa:  Hon.  F.  O.  Ellison,  Hon. 
Milo  P.  Smith,  Hon.  W.  N.  Treichler.  Judge  F.  O.  Ellison  living  in  Anamosa 
holds  two  terms  of  court  and  each  of  the  other  judges  one.  The  county  officers 
all  reside  in  Anamosa  and  frequently  remain  after  their  term  of  office  expires 
and  become  permanent  residents  of  the  city. 


As  a  business  center  Anamosa  leads  the  county  as  is  indexed  by  the  vast 
amount  of  freight  shipped  in  and  out  by  its  three  railroads,  viz.;  Chicago,  Mil- 
waukee &  St.  Paul  Railway  Company,  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railway  Com- 
pany and  Chicago,  Anamosa  &  Northern  Railway  Company.  It  has  three  pros- 
perous and  substantial  banks:  Niles  &  Watters  Savings  Bank  with  a  deposit  of 
six  hundred  and  five  thousand,  two  hundred  and  seventy-two  dollars  and  ninety- 
two  cents  on  the  loth  day  of  August,  1909,  the  Anamosa  National  Bank  with  a 
deposit  of  four  hundred  and  ninety-six  thousand,  one  hundred  and  seventy-one 
dollars  and  twenty-six  cents  on  the  i6th  day  of  November,  1909,  and  the  Citi- 

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zcns  Savings  Bank  with  a  deposit  of  one  hundred  and  two  thousand,  and  eighty- 
seven  dollars  and  seventy-seven  cents  on  the  lOth  day  of  August,  1909. 

Anamosa  has  ten  blocks  of  brick  paving,  ten  miles  of  permanent  walks,  good 
water  works  system,  good  electric  light  company,  good  gas  company,  good  fire 
department,  good  public  schools,  good  postal  service  and  a  good  free  public 
library.  Its  fire  department  is  one  of  the  best  volunteer  fire  departments  in  the 
state  of  Iowa,  which  in  former  times  took  a  prominent  part  in  the  state  tourna- 
ments and  has  always  responded  promptly  and  cheerfully  to  all  fires.  It  has 
been  the  means  of  saving  thousands  of  dollars  to  the  citizens  of  Anamosa  and  is 
one  of  the  most  beneficial  organizations  in  the  city. 


It  also  has  a  good  water  works  system  which  is  now  owned  by  the  city.  The 
Anamosa  water  works  was  incorporated  February  20,  1875,  by  J.  C.  Dietz,  C.  H. 
Lull,  N.  S.  Noble,  B.  F.  Shaw,  M.  Heisy,  T.  W.  Shapley,  J.  G.  McGuire,  T.  R. 
Ercanbrack,  E.  B.  Alderman,  H.  C.  Metcalf ,  J.  H.  Williams,  George  Watters,  John 
Watters  and  E.  Blakeslee.  The  corporation  stock  of  the  company  was  fixed  at 
ten  thousand  dollars,  with  the  privilege  of  increasing  to  twenty  thousand  dollars. 
On  April  20,  1875,  the  city  of  Anamosa  gave  the  water  works  company  a  twenty- 
five  year  franchise.  The  pump  station  of  the  water  works  company  is  situated 
near  the  bridge  on  the  Wapsipinicon  River.  The  reservoir  is  on  the  hill  between 
South  Ford  and  Booth  street  and  has  a  capacity  of  one  hundred  thousand  gallons. 
The  majority  stock  of  the  company  was  purchased  by  John  G.  Griffith  who  had 
control  of  the  company  for  many  years.  In  1909  the  water  works  company  was 
purchased  by  the  city  of  Anamosa  for  the  sum  of  twenty  thousand  dollars.  The 
city  has  already  made  arrangements  to  put  in  new  machinery  at  the  pump  house, 
which  shall  be  operated  by  electricity  obtained  from  the  electric  light  company, 
and  is  already  extending  the  water  mains  so  as  to  accommodate  all  citizens. 


Anamosa  has  many  prominent  professional  and  business  men  and  many  first 
class  stores.  It  has  ten  lawyers,  six  doctors  and  five  dentists.  It  has  six 
grocery  stores,  five  shoe  stores,  four  dry-goods  stores,  two  meat  markets,  four 
drug  stores,  three  jewelry  stores,  one  furniture  store,  three  millinery  stores,  two 
newspapers,  two  livery  stables,  one  large  school  book  and  supply  company,  the 
W.  M.  Welch  Company;  one  tile  spade  company,  owned  and  operated  by  J.  A. 
Belknap ;  one  cooperage  company  known  as  the  American  Cooperage  Company, 
with  a  large  plant  at  Wilson,  Arkansas,  and  a  butter  tub  factory  operated  in  the 
state  reformatory,  one  steam  laundry,  two  blacksmith  shops,  two  lumber  yards, 
six  churches  and  a  very  pretty  well  kept  city  park. 


Strawberry  Hill  up  until  the  year  1901  was  an  independent  village  adjacent 
to  the  city  of  Anamosa  but  was  no  part  of  the  city  of  Anamosa.    It  maintained 

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its  own  municipal  government.  The  division  line  betweenAnamosa  and  Straw- 
berry Hill  was  Division  street  and  all  east  of  Division  street  constituted  Straw- 
berry Hill.  By  a  vote  of  the  people  on  August  20,  1901,  Strawberry  Hill  was 
annexed  and  became  a  part  of  the  city  of  Anamosa  and  has  been  ever  since 
When  it  was  annexed  two  councilmen  were  elected  from  Strawberry  Hill  so  that 
she  might  have  representation  in  the  city  affairs.  In  February,  1904,  the  city 
of  Anamosa  reduced  the  number  of  councilmen  from  six  to  four  and  also  reduced 
the  number  of  wards  from  six  to  four,  and  that  part  of  Strawberry  Hill  north 
of  Main  street  and  east  of  Division  street  was  added  to  the  first  ward  of  Ana- 
mosa, and  that  part  south  of  Main  street  and  east  of  Division  street  became 
part  of  the  fourth  ward  of  Anamosa.  At  the  present  time  Anamosa  has  a  mayor 
and  six  councilmen,  two  elected  at  large  and  one  from  each  ward. 


In  the  early  part  of  1854,  a  petition  was  presented  to  the  county  judge  of 
Jones  county,  requesting  the  appointment  of  an  election  to  decide  whether  or  not 
Anamosa  should  become  an  incorporated  town.  The  judge  granted  the  petition 
and  named  May  i,  1854,  as  the  day  on  which  said  election  should  be  held,  and 
at  which  election  persons  residing  in  the  platted  village  of  Anamosa  should  be 
electors.    The  result  was  in  favor  of  an  incorporation. 

A  second  election  was  ordered  to  be  held  in  the  courthouse  of  Anamosa  on  the 
27th  of  May  following,  to  choose  five  persons  who  should  prepare  a  charter 
for  the  proposed  town.  This  election  resulted  in  the  choice  of  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell, 
D.  Kinert,  P.  R.  Skinner,  S.  T.  Pierce  and  Joseph  Dimmitt. 

The  charter  was  not  submitted  for  adoption  for  almost  two  years,  being 
adopted  March  19,  1856,  and  submitted  for  the  consideration  of  the  county 
judge.  By  him  the  first  election  was  immediately  ordered,  resulting  in  the 
choice  of  William  T.  Shaw,  mayor ;  C.  C.  Peet,  recorder  and  G.  W.  Keller,  Joseph 
Mann,  S.  T.  Buxton  and  H.  C.  Metcalf,  councilmen. 

Anamosa  was  divided  into  wards  and  declared  organized  as  a  city  February 
6,  1872,  by  the  town  council.  This  organization  was  completed  by  the  first  city 
election  held  March  4,  1872,  when  two  councilmen  were  elected  from  each  ward. 


August  20,  1901,  Strawberry  Hill  annexed  to  Anamosa. 

October  14,  190T,  ordinance  granted  to  Jones  County  Telephone  Company. 

March  4,  1902,  resolution  passed  to  build  a  city  hall  and  hose  house. 

May  5,  1903,  contractor  Chadwick's  bid  for  the  construction  of  a  city  hall 

February  5,  1904,  voted  a  five  per  cent  tax  to  Chicago,  Anamosa  &  Northern 
Railway  Company,  for  a  proposed  railway  from  Anamosa  to  Prairieburg. 

February  i,  1904,  city  reduced  from  six  to  four  wards. 

May  10,  1906,  contract  for  paving  awarded  to  William  Horrabin  of  Iowa 
City,  the  lowest  bidder,  his  bid  being  one  dollar  and  sixty-one  cents  per  yard, 

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stone  curbing  forty-three  cents  per  foot.  This  paving  cost  a  total  of  fifteen 
thousand,  nine  hundred  and  ninety-two  dollars  and  fifteen  cents. 

September  lo,  1907,  petition  of  the  voters  of  Anamosa  for  the  purchase  of 
the  water  works  company  was  filed  by  the  city  council. 

October  28,  1907,  election  for  the  purchase  of  the  water  works  system.  The 
vote  being  one  hundred  and  eighty-three  for  and  seventy-nine  against. 


The  name  of  this  city  has  a  somewhat  romantic  origin,  and  is  derived  from  a 
simple  incident  in  its  early  history.    This  incident  occurred  in  the  house  of  G.  H. 
Ford  about  1842,  and  is  thus  related  by  Edmund  Booth,  who  happened  to  be 
present:    "One  day  three  Indians  came  in.     At  a  glance,  it  was  seen  that  they 
were  not  of  the  common,  skin-dressed,  half  wild  and  dirty  class.    They  were  a 
man,  woman  and  daughter,  and  all  wore  a  look  of  intelligence  quite  diflFerent 
from  the  generally  dull  aspect  of  their  race.    The  man  and  woman  were  dressed 
mostly  in  the  costume  of  white  people,  with  some  Indian  mixed;  but  the  girl, 
bright  and  pleasant  faced,  and  apparently  about  eight  or  ten  years  old,  was  wholly 
in  Indian  dress.    One  can  form  some  tolerable  idea  of  her  appearance  from  the 
carved  full  length  figures  sometimes  found  in  front  of  tobacco  and  cigar  shops 
in  the  cities.    These  are  not  always  fancy  figures,  but  taken  from  real  life,  though 
such  are  rarely,  if  ever,  seen  among  Indians,  as  they  travel  from  one  part  of 
the  country  to  another.     The  girl  was  dressed  as  becomes  the  daughter  of  a 
chief.     She  was  really  a  handsome  girl.     Her  dress  was  entirely  Indian,  bright 
as  was  the  expression  of  her  face,  tasteful,  and  yet  not  gaudy.     She  wore  orna- 
mented leggings  and  moccasins,  and  her  whole  appearance  was  that  of  a  well- 
dressed  Indian  belle. 

"It  was  evident  that  these  Indians  were,  as  we  said,  not  of  the  common  order, 
and  this  fact  excited  more  interest  in  us  and  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ford,  no  other  per- 
sons being  present,  than  was  usually  the  case  at  that  day,  when  the  sight  of 
native  sons  and  daughters  of  the  wild  frontier  was  a  common  occurrence.  The 
three  were  entirely  free  from  the  dull,  wary  watchfulness  of  their  kind,  and, 
though  somewhat  reserved  at  first,  were  possessed  of  an  easy  dignity.  They 
readily  became  cheerful,  and  but  for  their  light  red  color,  would  be  taken  for 
well-bred  white  people.    They  were  from  Wisconsin  and  on  their  way  west. 

"We  inquired  their  names.  The  father's  was  Nasinus.  The  name  of  the 
mother  was  a  longer  one  and  has  escaped  our  memory.  The  name  of  the  daugh- 
ter was  Anamosa — pronounced  by  the  mother,  An-a-mo-sah,  as  is  the  usual  way, 
and  corresponds  to  the  Indian  pronunciation  of  Sar-a-to-gah,  the  Saratoga  of 
New  York.  When  we  asked  the  mother  the  name  of  her  daughter,  the  latter 
laughed  the  pleasant,  half  bashful  laugh  of  a  young  girl,  showing  she  understood 
the  question  but  did  not  speak.  This  interview  was  decidedly  agreeable  all 
around.  After  more  than  an  hour  spent  in  conversation,  having  taken  dinner, 
they  departed  on  the  military  road  westward,  leaving  a  pleasant  impression  be- 
hind them. 

"It  occurred  to  us  that  the  names  of  the  father  and  daughter  were  suitable 
for  new  towns — in  fact,  infinitely  preferable  to  repeating  Washington  and  various 

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others  for  the  hundredth  time.  Unfortunately,  we  neglected  to  ascertain  of  them 
the  meaning  of  their  names,  but,  some  years  later,  Pratt  R.  Skinner  removed 
here  from  Dubuque  and  established  a  land  agency,  subsequently  a  dry-goods 
store,  under  the  firm  of  Skinner  &  Clark.  Mr.  Skinner  had  been  engaged  in 
government  surveys  in  this  part  of  Iowa,  and  was  no  stranger  to  the  Indians 
and  their  language.  He  said  the  word  Anamosa  signified  white  fawn,  and  the 
probability  of  such  being  the  case  is  natural  enough,  when  we  consider  the  Indian 
custom  of  naming  persons  from  individual  objects. 

"After  Lexington  had  been  platted  on  this  spot  and  had  become  the  county 
seat,  we  brought  forward  the  subject  of  changing  the  name  of  the  town,  and 
thus  avoiding  the  numerous  delays  and  losses  in  mail  matter,  resulting  from  sim- 
ilarity of  postoffice  names,  almost  every  northern  state  having  its  Lexington, 
Skinner  and  C.  C.  Rockwell  joined  in  the  move,  but,  on  consultation,  the  board  of 
commissioners  concluded  they  had  no  power  in  the  premises,  and  that  it  was  the 
province  of  the  district  court.  At  the  first  session  of  that  court  held  in  Lexington, 
a  petition,  gotten  up  mainly  by  Skinner  and  Rockwell,  was  presented.  Judge 
Wilson  assented,  and  since  then  the  town  has  borne  the  name  of  Anamosa." 


The  Anamosa  postoffice  was  organized  on  the  4th  day  of  November,  1847, 
and  Columbus  C.  Rockwell  was  appointed  postmaster  and  from  that  time  until 
the  present  time  there  have  only  been  eighteen  different  postmasters.  The  fol- 
lowing is  an  accurate  list  of  postmasters  showing  their  date  and  time  of  service 
obtained  by  the  editor  from  the  postal  department  at  Washington,  D.  C. : 

Anamosa. — Columbus  C.  Rockwell,  appointed  November  4,  1847.  Chas.  L. 
D.  Rockwell,  appointed  May  9,  1849.  Joseph  A.  Hunt,  appointed  April  28,  1853. 
Linus  Osborn,  appointed  December  10,  1853.  Samuel  A.  Cunningham,  appointed 
April  7,  1854.  Richard  G.  Hunt,  appointed  August  8,  1856.  Henry  A.  Shaffer, 
appointed  September  24,  1856.  Jonathan  H.  Show,  appointed  March  5,  1858 
Amos  H.  Peaslee,  appointed  December  9,  1858.  Nathan  G.  Sales,  appointed  Oc- 
tober 6,  i860.  Horace  C.  Metcalf,  appointed  March  29,  1861.  Richard  Mc- 
Daniel.  appointed  March  20,  1866.  Harlen  Hallenbeck,  appointed  July  26,  1866. 
Geo.  W.  Coe  (P.  &  S.),*  appointed  April  5,  1869.  Chas.  W.  Coe  (P.  &  S.).  ap- 
pointed April  20,  1869.  Reappointed  (P.  &  S.),  December  10,  1872.  Reap- 
pointed (P.  &  S.),  January  9,  1877.  Wm.  B.  Fish  (P.  &  S.),  appointed  January 
24,  t88i.  Reappointed  (P.  &  S.),  January  2,-],  1885.  Newton  S.  Noble  (P.  &  S.), 
April  5,  1887.  Reappointed  (P.),*  February  9,  1888.  Elihu  J.  Wood  (P.  &  S.), 
April  30.  1890.  Edward  C.  Holt  (P.  &  S.),  April  17,  1894.  Chas.  H.  Anderson 
(P.  &  S.),  March  22,  1898.  Reappointed  (P.  &  S.),  April  10,  1902.  Reappointed 
(P.  &  S.),  March  21,  1906. 

The  present  postmaster  is  Charles  H.  Anderson,  appointed  March  22,  1898, 
and  has  been  twice  reappointed.  Mr.  Anderson  has  been  a  very  competent  and 
obliging  postmaster  and  has  aided  materially  in  the  present  accommodation  of  the 
office  and  in  the  increase  of  business.  He  has  increased  the  business  from  five 
thousand,  three  hundred  and  nine  dollars  and  sixty-two  cents  in  the  year  ending 

•(p.   &  S.)=prcsiclent  and  senate.     (P.,)=presicient. 

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March  i,  1898,  when  he  was  appointed,  to  ten  thousand,  four  hundred  and  fifty- 
two  dollars  and  thirty-eight  cents  for  the  year  1908.  It  was  through  his  efforts 
that  the  office  was  placed  in  the  rank  of  second-class  office  July  i,  1904,  giving 
the  city  free  delivery.  February  i,  1906,  two  mail  carriers  were  established  and 
on  April  i,  1907,  a  third  was  granted.  The  present  carriers  are  A.  A.  Bagley, 
E.  B.  Harrison  and  Richard  Owen.  There  are  five  rural  mail  routes  from  the 
Anamosa  postoffice  established  as  follows:  No.  i.  May  i,  1902;  No.  2,  January 
I,  1902;  No.  3,  January  i,  1902;  No.  4,  December  i,  1902;  No.  5,  November  15, 
1902.  The  Anamosa  postoffice  has  the  finest  home  of  any  postoffice  in  Jones 

The  present  postoffice  officers  are:  postmaster,  C.  H.  Anderson;  assistant 
postmaster,  C.  L.  Anderson;  clerksr:  Hugh  Reid,  B.  I.  McLaughlin  and  F.  C. 


The  Anamosa  fair  association  thinking  that  a  homecoming  week  on  the  same 
date$  as  the  Anamosa  fair  would  be  a  splendid  thing  for  the  community,  appointed 
Qifford  L.  Niles,  James  E.  Remley  and  E.  R.  Moore  a  committee  to  properly 
advertise  the  homecoming  and  make  the  necessary  arrangements.  This  com- 
mittee did  active  work  and  made  the  necessary  arrangements  and  preparation  for 
the  Anamosa  homecoming.  The  fair  association  appointed  the  following  com- 
mittee of  the  Anamosa  citizens  to  take  charge  of  the  homecoming  and  arrange 
the  program,  viz. :  E.  J.  Wood,  T.  E.  Booth,  H.  M.  Remley,  M.  Belknap,  C.  J. 
Cash,  B.  H.  Miller,  Mrs.  David  Hakes,  Mrs.  Edward  Foley,  Mrs.  E.  M.  Harvey 
and  Mrs.  Geo.  W.  Byerly. 

The  following  program  was  adopted  by  the  committee : 

Tuesday,  October  24,  1909.    Reception  and  registration  at  city  hall. 

Wednesday,  9 .00  o'clock.  Reunion  at  City  Park,  Mayor  Robert  Johnson  pre- 
siding. Address  of  Welcome,  Judge  F.  O.  Ellison.  Responses,  Chancy  Wood, 
Rapid  City,  S.  D. ;  J.  M.  Parsons,  Des  Moines,  Iowa ;  Captain  E.  B.  Soper,  Esther- 
ville,  Iowa. 

1 1 :30  a.  m.    Picnic  dinner  at  City  Park. 

Thursday,  9  o'clock.    Visit  to  city  reformatory. 

10  o'clock.    Automobile  ride. 

Thursday,  2  p.  m.  City  Park,  a  general  reunion  and  program  of  music  and 
impromptu  addresses. 

On  account  of  the  unfavorable  weather  conditions  the  program  was  carried 
out  at  the  courthouse,  Mayor  Johnson  presiding.  Jansa's  band  of  Cedar  Rapids 
furnished  good  music,  as  also  did  Miss  Blanche  Port's  girl  choir.  Judge  F.  O. 
Ellison  was  then  introduced  and  gave  a  very  hearty,  enthusiastic  welcome  to  all 
homecomers.  Rev.  D.  C.  Dutton  of  Webster  City,  Missouri,  responded  to  Judge 
Ellison's  eloquent  welcome  in  a  most  happy  and  pleasing  manner.  Judge  B.  H. 
Miller  was  then  introduced  and  gave  some  very  timely  remarks  regarding  early 
Anamosa  and  Jones  county  history. 

The  picnic  which  was  planned  to  be  held  at  the  City  Park  was  held  in  the 
parlors  0/  the  Methodist  church  and  a  most  enjoyable  time  was  had.  The  women 
had  charge  of  the  picnic  dinner  under  the  leadership  of  Mrs.  Geo.  W.  Byerly  and 

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Mrs.  Ed  Foley  and  their  work  was  faithfully  performed  and  the  picnic  dinner 
was  one  of  the  most  successful  features  of  the  homecoming.  Some  of  the  other 
parts  of  the  program  were  not  completed  on  account  of  the  excessively  rainy 

The  following  is  a  list  of  those  who  registered,  consisting  of  two  hundred  and 
forty-three  names,  which  does  not  include  all  of  those  who  returned  to  Anamosa. 

Chas.  Allen,  Lillian  Wheeler  Allen,  1884;  H.  L.  and  Ruth  Allen,  Lohrville; 
Mrs.  Myrtle  Clark  Albee,  Colorado  Springs,  Colorado,! 901. 

Florence  L.  Beam,  Minneapolis,  1903;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  H.  A.  Beam,  Murdo, 
South  Dakota,  1906;  A.  R.  Byerly,  Mrs.  E.  A.  Byerly,  Fredonia,  Kansas,  1875; 
Mabel  Booth  Brewer,  1897;  Gertrude  and  Helen  Brewer,  Bozeman,  Montana; 
Wm.  Bodenhofer,  Hackensack,  Minnesota,  1906;  Geo.  and  Mrs.  Brimacombe, 
Sabetha,  Kansas,  1908;  Morgan  Bumgardner,  Cedar  Falls,  1869;  J.  H.  Boots, 
Huron,  South  Dakota,  Mrs.  Janet  Boots,  1904;  Jarold  H.  Boots;  F.  M.  Byerly, 
Delhi,  1899;  C.  H.  Byerly,  Cedar  Rapids,  1901 ;  J.  W.  Byers,  Cedar  Rapids,  1903 ; 
Faye  Brock,  Alden;  A.  Bricker,  Maquoketa. 

W.  P.  Connery,  Murdo,  South  Dakota,  1909;  Edith  Caulkins,  Knoxville,  Ten- 
nessee; M.  Chaplin,  Lawrence,  Kansas,  1908;  J.  F.  Cohoon,  Cedar  Falls,  1907; 
Mrs.  W.  M.  Carter,  1897;  Hildreth  A.,  Carol  A.  and  Willis  G.  Carter,  San  An- 
tonio, Texas;  Mrs.  Julia  Cowen,  Chicago;  Mrs.  Bessie  and  Francis  Coleman,  Des 
Moines;  Mrs.  Coon,  Oxford  Junction,  1859;  Elias  Curttright,  Marshalltown ;  W. 
M.  Carter,  San  Antonio,  Texas. 

Robert  T.  Dott,  Salem,  South  Dakota,  1S83;  Mrs.  M.  E.  Dott.  Sioux  City; 
Robert  O.  Dott,,  Salem;  J.  D.  E.  Doolittle,  Coggon,  1887;  Rev.  and  Mrs.  D.  C. 
Dutton,  Helen  A.  and  Adena  C.  Dutton,  Webb  City,  Missouri,  1907. 

Alice  Doyle,  F.  J.  Dawson,  Dubuque;  Mrs.  Ed.  Doyle,  Viola,  1889;  Ed.  Dor- 
sey,  Clinton ;  W.  A.  Dunn,  Agent  C.  R.  L  &  P.  1867. 

Bessie  Ewing,  Cedar  Rapids,  1906;  Frank  O.  Erwin,  Cedar  Rapids,  1902. 

W.  H.  and  Grace  V.  Farragher,  Livermore,  California,  1903;  T.  W.  Foley, 
Denver;  Mrs.  Eliza  McDaniels,  Fenton,  Cedar  Rapids;  H.  O.  Frink,  Chicago, 
1901 ;  Joy  L.  Frink,  Chicago,  1881. 

Mrs.  J.  W.  Gerber,  1887;  Helen  C.  Gerber,  Washington,  D.  C. ;  Bertha  A. 
Graham,  Chattanooga,  Oklahoma,  1901 ;  Olivine  Graham;  Dell  Gleason,  Ames, 
1907;  A.  N.  and  Mrs.  Griswold,  Cedar  Rapids,  1881 ;  Ben  H.  Griffith,  Nara  Visa, 
New  Mexico,  1909;  Earl  and  Mrs.  Gough,  Mt.  Vernon;  W.  F.  Glick,  Perry;  Mrs. 
R.  R.  Griffith,  Moline,  Illinois;  Hannah  R.  Gilbert,  Rhodes. 

Mrs.  Lorinda  Huber  Smith,  Mechanicsville,  1864;  C.  H.  Harvey,  1885,  Edith 
C.  and  Helen  W.  Harvey,  Knoxville,  Tennessee ;  Mrs.  T.  E.  Hartman,  Waterloo, 
1905;  B.  M.  Hester,  Ida  Grove,  1876;  G.  W.  and  E.  A.  Harvey,  Kimball, 
Neb.,  1870;  Ronald  Hartman,  Waterloo,  1905;  Jane  M.  Harvey,  Des  Moines. 
1898;  J.  P.  Hire,  J.  B.  Hepler,  Cedar  Rapids;  Mrs.  C.  W.  Hosford,  Mrs.  H. 
Paulson,  Mrs.  V.  L.  Hanssen,  Monticello ;  E.  S.  Holt,  Cedar  Rapids ;  Mrs.  Gladys 
Sigworth  Hull,  Boone. 

J.  and  Laura  J.  Ireland,  Clinton,  1881 ;  L.  L.  Ireland,  Wyoming,  1885. 

H.  J.  and  L.  Joslin,  Holstein,  1882;  R.  T.  Jeffrey,  Ames,  1884;  Mrs.  Jennie 
Niles  Jeffrey.  Ames,  1902 ;  Waller  and  Mrs.  James,  Wyoming. 

Digitized  by 



Mrs.  Ella  Kershner,  Bessie  and  Lottie  Kershner,  La  Belle,  Missouri,  1904; 
Julia,  John  and  lola  Kearns,  Wellington,  Kansas,  1907;  Esther  L.  Kimball,  Wy- 
oming; L.  H.  and  Mrs.  Kaufmann,  Cedar  Rapids. 

Mrs.  A.  V.  Larrance,  Aledo,  Illinois;  C.  O.  and  Mrs.  Lawson,  1897;  R.  O. 
and  M.  R.  Lawson,  Waterloo;  Will  and  Mrs.  Lawrence,  Cedar  Rapids;  Dick 
and  Mrs.  Lynn,  Dubuque,  1903;  Loretta  Lynn,  Dubuque,  1904. 

Wm.  McGuire,  Chicago,  1894;  Mrs.  H.  M.  McGuire,  1894;  E.  C.  Morey, 
Chicago,  1872;  Mrs.  Lillian  Belknap  Miller,  Rockford,  1904;  Fred  J.  Miller,  Rock- 
ford;  H.  H.  Mead,  Kingsley,  1880;  G.  W.  and  Mrs.  Miller,  Cedar  Rapids,  1900; 
Cyrus  and  Mrs.  Matthews,  Sioux  City,  1897;  Ada  C.  and  Wilma  M.  Mclntyre, 
Moline,  Illinois,  1905 ;  Florence  and  Ruth  Matthews,  Sioux  City ;  P.  D.  Murphy, 
1882;  Margaret  Murphy,  Chicago,  1894;  T.  R.  Susie,  I.  and  K.  McLaughlin,  Du- 
buque, 1902;  Dr.  E.  A.  McLeod,  Central  City;  John  McMurrin,  Wyoming,  1907; 
F.  C.  McKean,  Salina,  Kansas,  1872;  Harry  W.  Miller,  Cedar  Rapids;  L.  B.  and 
Mrs.  Miller  and  Mary  E.  Dixon,  Illinois. 

John  W.  Niles,  Sterling,  Illinois,  1861 ;  Leila  Niles,  Winfield,  Kansas,  1902; 
S.  D.  Newman,  Syracuse,  Nebraska,  1883;  Mrs.  O.  M.  Newman,  Marion,  1908; 
Harry  Newlin,  Viola;  W.  S.  Niles,  Cedar  Rapids;  Mrs.  J.  E.  Nyquist,  1892,  Helen, 
Mae  and  Buford  R.  Xyquist,  Clinton;  H.  D.  Neall,  Chicago;  Mrs.  A.  L.  Neal, 
Clarksville;  R.  M.  Nandell,  Cedar  Rapids;  Mrs.  W.  J.  Newell  and  son,  Eau 
Claire,  Wisconsin. 

M.  F.  and  Mrs.  OToole,  Kansas  City,  Missouri,  1909. 

Mrs.  A.  D.  Patton,  DeKalb,  Illinois,  1884;  Emily  G.  Platts,  Trent,  South  Da- 
kota, 1869;  Edith  Pearson,  Davenport,  1905;  J.  D.  Pope,  Cedar  Rapids,  1901 ; 
Annette  M.  Page,  Princeton,  Illinois,  1904;  O.  L.  Postlewait,  Prairieburg,  1884; 
W.  E.  Potter,  Baldwin,  1889;  F.  W.  Port,  Olin,  1886;  Mrs.  H.  L.  Peters,  Edge- 
wood  ;  Mrs.  Fannie  Peterson,  Central  City ;  Mrs.  G.  S.  and  H.  K.  Peters,  Edge- 
wood;  E.  W.  Penley,  Waubeek,  1889;  John  H.  Peck,  Iowa  City,  1905;  J.  W. 
Port,  Scribner,  Nebraska. 

Milton  Remley,  Iowa  City,  1874;  Josephine  D.  Remley,  Iowa  City,  1874;  F.  C. 
and  Mrs.  Reymore,  Estherville.  1893;  Harry  Reymore,  Estherville;  Mrs.  Reese, 
Des  Moines;  Mrs.  C.  L.  Rumsey,  Tilden,  Nebraska,  1903;  Mrs.  E.  R.  Ristine, 
1897;  Feme  and  Fay  Ristine,  Buckingham;  Bert  Raymond,  Cedar  Falls,  1883; 
Mrs.  Alice  and  Mrs.  Fred  Raymond,  Harry  Raymond,  Cedar  Rapids;  Nellie 
Rhodes,  Davenport. 

Carrie  H.  Sheean,  Chicago;  Claude  Stickley,  Cedar  Rapids,  1904;  M.  and 
Mrs.  Slif e,  1891 ;  Earl  Slif e,  Dedham ;  W.  D.  Sheean,  Wilson,  Arkansas,  Kate 
Sunday,  Broughton,  Illinois,  1906;  Mrs.  J.  A.  Spade,  Renner,  South  Dakota. 
1888;  N.  P.  Stewart,  1890,  Catherine  Wildey  Stewart,  1900,  Martha  Anne  Stew- 
art, Minneapolis ;  C.  W  and  Mrs.  Stites,  Independence,  1875  >  C.  P.  Scroggs,  Dal- 
las, South  Dakota,  1908;  E.  G.  Stanley,  Cedar  Rapids;  Nate  Sherman,  Central 
City,  1879;  Mrs.  Switzer,  Viola,  1889;  E.  B.  Soper,  Emmetsburg,  1865;  Harry 
W.  and  Mrs.  Sigworth,  Waterloo,  1906;  W.  E.  Slosson,  Chicago,  1867. 

Lucile  E.  Tucker,  KeithsviUe.  Louisiana,  1905;  G.  B.  Taylor,  Marion,  1897; 
Thomas  and  Mrs.  T.  W.  Troy.  Wilmette,  Thomas  and  Margaret  Troy,  Keystone, 

Digitized  by 



W.  O.  and  Lizzie  W.  VanNess,  Clinton,  1888;  Mrs.  C.  E.  VanSant,  1903; 
Dwight  and  Harriet  VanSant,  Clinton. 

J.  J.  and  Sarah  E.  Wolf,  Mason  City,  1899;  Geo.  A.  and  Mrs.  Winslow, 
Whiting,  Indiana,  1894;  Jeannie  Lawrence  Wicken,  Dubuque;  L.  S.  and  Mrs. 
Wagner,  Cedar  Rapids,  1901 ;  H.  Walderbach,  Chicago;  L.  F.  Wagner,  Council 
Bluffs,  1902;  James  Watts,  Reno,  Nevada,  1897;  Henry  and  Abbietta  Porter 
Wilkinson,  Morrison,  Illinois;  Mrs.  John  Williams,  Lawrence  Williams,  Clinton; 
C.  M.  Willard,  T.  E.  Hartman,  Waterloo ;  Henry  Watson,  Freeport,  Illinois,  1907. 

Mrs.  E.  and  Miss  N.  Yount,  Dubuque. 


Anamosa  held  its  first  election  as  an  organized  town  on  the  first  Monday  of 
April,  1856.  Mayor,  William  T.  Shaw ;  recorder,  C.  C.  Peet ;  council :  G.  W.  Kel- 
ler, Joseph  Mann,  S.  T.  Buxton,  H.  C.  Metcalf. 

1857 — Mayor,  Robert  Dott;  recorder,  Charles  D.  Perfect;  councilmen:  H.  C. 
Metcalf,  S.  S.  McDaniels,  E.  Cutler,  Burton  Peet. 

1858 — Mayor,  A.  H.  Peaslee;  recorder,  E.  Cutler;  council:  E.  T.  Mellett,  W. 
R.  Locke,  J.  J.  Welsh,  A.  P.  Carter. 

1859 — Mayor,  George  W.  Field;  recorder,  C.  L.  Hayes;  council:  J.  J.  Welsh, 
W.  R.  Locke,  A.  P.  Carter,  J.  L.  Brown. 

i860 — Mayor,  N.  G.  Sales;  recorder,  O.  Burke;  council,  P.  Flannery,  J.  J. 
Dickinson,  David  Graham,  J.  L.  Brown. 

1861 — Mayor,  N.  G.  Sales;  recorder,  O.  Burke;  council,  William  Skehan, 
Cornelius  Peaslee,  Benjamin  Chaplin,  J.  J.  Dickinson. 

1862 — Mayor,  N.  G.  Sales ;  recorder,  J.  J.  Dickinson ;  council :  E.  B.  Alderman, 
Benjamin  Chaplin,  F.  L.  McKean,  J.  D.  Walworth. 

1863 — Mayor,  J.  H.  Benjamin,  recorder,  Robert  Dott ;  council :  E.  M.  Harvey, 
B.  L.  Watson,  C.  J.  Higby,  E.  M.  Littlefield. 

1864 — Mayor,  Israel  Fisher;  recorder,  E.  M.  Littlefield;  council:  A.  P.  Carter, 
W.  M.  Skinner,  J.  S.  Belknap,  J.  S.  Perfect. 

1865 — Mayor,  Israel  Fisher;  recorder,  E.  M.  Littlefield;  council:  A.  P.  Carter, 
J.  S.  Belknap,  W.  M.  Skinner,  John  S.  Stacy. 

1866 — Mayor,  John  S.  Stacy;  recorder,  C.  T.  Lamson;  council:  H.  C.  Met- 
calf, J.  C.  Dietz,  H.  Lehmkuhl,  P.  Haines. 

1867 — Mayor,  J.  C.  Dietz;  recorder,  A.  P.  Carter;  council:  S.  G.  Matson,  C. 
W.  HoUenbeck,  M.  H.  Franch,  Robert  Dott,  E.  B.  Alderman. 

1868 — Mayor,  D.  McCarn;  recorder,  A.  P.  Carter;  council,  L.  Niles,  A.  Heit- 
chen,  B.  F.  Shaw,  H.  C.  Metcalf,  C.  W.  HoUenbeck. 

1869— Mayor,  J.  C  Dietz ;  recorder,  E.  M.  Littlefield ;  council :  H.  C.  Metcalf, 
Thomas  Perfect,  J.  H.  Fisher,  L.  F.  Clark,  Lyman  Niles. 

1870— Mayor,  E.  Blakeslee;  recorder,  B.  F.  Shaw;  council:  H.  C.  Metcalf, 
J.  H.  Fisher,  B.  P.  Simmons,  A.  B.  Cox,  Lyman  Niles. 

1871 — Mayor,  Charles  Cline;  recorder,  C.  M.  Failing;  council:  B.  F.  Shaw, 
W.  W.  HoUenbeck,  D.  C.  Tice,  O.  M.  Ellis,  W.  S.  Benton. 

March  5,  1872,  Anamosa  was  organized  as  a  city,  with  the  following  officers: 

Digitized  by 



Mayor,  Robert  Dott;  city  clerk,  C.  M.  Failing;  council:  A.  Heitchen,  A.  B.  Cox, 
S.  G.  Matson,  J.  L.  Brown,  O.  Dunning,  S.  Neeham,  Frank  Fisher,  C.  H.  Lull. 

1873 — Mayor,  Robert  Dott ;  clerk,  E.  M.  Littlefield ;  council :  A.  Heitchen,  S.  G. 
Matson,  O.  Dunning,  Frank  Fisher,  Milton  Remley,  L.  Schoonover,  J.  G.  Parsons, 
A.  V.  Eaton. 

i874^Mayor,  Robert  Dott;  clerk,  L.  B.  Peck;  council,  Milton  Remley,  L. 
Schoonover,  B.  P.  Simmons,  A.  V.  Eaton,  J.  T.  Rigby,  J.  S.  Belknap,  J.  B.  Mc- 
Queen, Harmon  Dorgeloh. 

1875— Mayor,  Robert  Dott;  clerk,  L.  B.  Peck;  council:  J.  T.  Rigby,  J.  S. 
Belknap,  C.  M.  Failing,  J.  B.  McQueen,  E.  B.  Alderman,  L.  Schoonover,  George 
Watters,  A.  V.  Eaton. 

1876 — Mayor,  E.  Steever  (resigned  in  June  and  Robert  Dott  elected  to  fill 
vacancy);  clerk,  L.  B.  Peck;  council:  E.  B.  Alderman,  L.  Schoonover,  George 
Watters,  A.  V.  Eaton,  T.  Clancy,  J.  T.  Rigby,  D.  M.  Hakes,  J.  S.  Belknap. 

1877 — Mayor,  N.  S.  Noble;  clerk,  L.  B.  Peck;  council:  T.  Clancy,  J.  T.  Rigby, 

D.  M.  Hakes,  J.  S.  Belknap,  C.  L.  Niles,  D.  Chadwick,  L.  Schoonover,  L.  J. 

1878 — Mayor,  A.  V.  Eaton;  clerk,  L.  B.  Peck;  council:  C.  L.  Niles,  D.  Chad- 
wick, L.  Schoonover,  L.  J.  Adair,  E.  J.  Wood,  H.  W.  Sigworth,  W.  A.  Cunning- 
ham, T.  R.  Ercanbrack. 

1879 — Mayor,  A.  V.  Eaton;  clerk,  C.  M.  Brown;  council:  H.  W.  Sigworth, 

E.  J.  Wood,  W.  A.  Cunningham,  T.  R.  Ercanbrack,  I.  Fisher,  M.  Heisey,  R.  L. 
Duer,  J.  P.  Scroggs. 

The  historian  was  unable  to  obtain  the  list  of  city  officers  from  1879  ^^  1897, 
as  the  record  could  not  be  found. 

1897 — Mayor,  W.  D.  Sheean;  clerk,  J.  B.  Connery;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters; 
solicitor,  C.  M.  Brown;  council,  A.  M.  Simmons,  M.  P.  Sigworth,  J.  M.  D.  Joslin, 
John  Z.  Lull,  H.  E.  M.  Niles,  F.  J.  Fuller,  E.  R.  Moore,  F.  J.  Cunningham. 

1898 — Mayor,  W.  D.  Sheean ;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher ;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters ; 
solicitor,  C.  M.  Brown;  council:  H.  E.  M.  Niles,  E.  L.  Atkinson,  M.  P.  Sig- 
worth, A.  M.  Simmons,  J.  M.  D.  Joslin,  F.  J.  Cunningham,  J.  Z.  Lull,  E.  R.  Moore. 

1899 — Mayor,  W.  D.  Sheean;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters; 
solicitor,  C.  M.  Brown;  council:  W.  O.  Jackells,  E.  L.  Atkinson,  Jno.  Z.  Lull, 
A.  M.  Simmons,  E.  R.  Moore,  W.  B.  Foley,  M.  P.  Sigworth,  J.  M.  D.  Joslin. 

1900 — Mayor,  W.  D.  Sheean;  clerk,  C.  M.  Carter;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters; 
solicitor,  C.  M.  Brown ;  council :  Miles  Cook,  E.  L.  Atkinson,  J.  Z.  Lull,  Geo.  Wat- 
ters, A.  M.  Simmons,  W.  B.  Foley,  W.  A.  Cunningham,  W.  O.  Jackells. 

1901 — Mayor,  W.  O.  Jackells;  clerk,  C.  M.  Carter,  L.  J.  Fisher;  treasurer, 
T.  E.  Watters ;  solicitor.  Park  Chamberlain ;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes ;  council :  E.  L. 
Atkinson,  J.  K.  Hale,  Geo.  Watters,  H.  V.  Powers,  D.  B.  Sigworth,  J.  P.  Scroggs, 
A.  C.  Peet,  M.  L.  Hollister,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1902 — Mayor,  B.  H.  Miller ;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher ;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters,  soli- 
citor. Park  Chamberlain;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes;  council,  Lou  Kaufmann,  Jas. 
E.  Remley,  L.  W.  Ellis,  J.  P.  Scroggs,  B.  E.  Rhinehart,  H.  H.  Soper,  H."  V. 
Powers,  A.  C.  Peet,  A.  J.  Byerly,  D.  B.  Sigworth. 

1903 — Mayor,  M.  P.  Sigworth ;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher ;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters : 
solicitor.  Park  Chamberlain;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes;  council:  C.W.  B.  Derr,  J.  A. 

Digitized  by 



Moe,  J.  M.  D.  Joslin,  Harry  Qarke,  A.  J.  Byerly,  L.  W.  Ellis,  Jas.  Remley,  B.  E. 
Rhinehart,  J.  P.  Scroggs,  H.  H.  Soper. 

1904 — Mayor,  M.  P.  Sigworth;  clerk,  B.  E.  Rhinehart;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Wat- 
ters;  solicitor,  Park  Chamberlain;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes;  council:  D.  Chadwick, 
Wm.  Foley,  J.  A.  Moe,  G.  W.  Byerly,  J.  P.  Scroggs,  J.  M.  D.  Joslin,  M.  L.  Hol- 
lister,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1905 — Mayor,  L.  W.  Ellis,  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters;  soli- 
citor, B.  E.  Rhinehart;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes ;  council :  J.  G.  Fegan,  Geo.  Beamen, 

F.  E.  Johnson,  A.  J.  Byerly,  D.  Chadwick,  G.  W.  Byerly,  J.  P.  Scroggs,  M.  L. 

1906 — Mayor,  L.  W.  Ellis ;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher ;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters ;  so- 
licitor, B.  E.  Rhinehart;  assessor,  D.  M  Hakes;  council:  F.  M.  Belknap,  C.  J 
Cash,  J.  P.  Scroggs,  M.  L.  HoUister,  Geo.  Beamen,  J.  C.  Fegan,  F.  E.  Johnson, 
A.  J.  Byerly. 

1907 — Mayor,  J.  P.  Scroggs;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters; 
solicitor,  B.  E.  Rhinehart;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes;  council:  J.  G.  Fegan,  G.  W. 
Beaman,  F.  M.  Belknap,  C.  J.  Cash,  C.  E.  Joslin,  T.  Burke,  A.  J.  Byerly. 

1908 — Mayor,  J.  P.  Scroggs;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters; 
Folicitor,  B.  E.  Rhinehart;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes,  council;  F.  M.  Belknap,  W.  S. 
Barker,  G.  Beaman,  J.  A.  Moe,  C.  E.  JosHn,  J.  W.  Conmey,  R.  D.  Mclntyre, 
A.  J.  Byerly. 

1909 — Mayor,  Robert  Johnson;  clerk,  L.  J.  Fisher;  treasurer,  T.  E.  Watters; 
solicitor,  B.  E.  Rhinehart;  assessor,  D.  M.  Hakes;  council:  Ed  Foley,  F.  J.  Ful- 
ler, J.  L.  Kaufmann,  Geo.  Beamen,  R.  E.  Giltrap,  A.  J.  Byerly. 


The  first  Baptist  church  organized  in  Fairview  township  was  situated  in  the 
village  of  Fairview.  On  the  29th  day  of  July,  1848,  the  following  persons  met 
in  the  village,  viz. :   Louis  W.  Homan,  Nathan  B.  Homan,  Abram  Raver,  John 

G.  Joslin,  John  Morehouse,  Cordelia  Peet,  Margaret  Morehouse,  Temperance  M. 
Homan,  Candace  Joslin  and  Barbara  Raver  and  proceeded  to  organize  a  Baptist 
church.  They  fixed  the  date,  August  17,  1848,  as  the  time  when  the  church  should 
be  publicly  recognized  by  its  sister  churches,  and  appointed  Elders  Morey  and 
Blanchard  a  committee  to  notify  the  nearest  churches,  which  were  at  the  following 
towns :  Iowa  City,  Marion,  Davenport,  Delaware,  Cascade,  Dubuque  and  Maquo- 
keta.  On  the  date  fixed  the  council  consisting  of  the  following  delegates :  Iowa 
City  church,  Rev.  D.  P.  Smith,  pastor.  Rev.  W.  B.  Morey;  Delaware  church, 
Rev.  Ira  H.  Blanchard,  pastor,  John  Mallory  and  Ezra  Blanchard;  Dubuque 
church.  Rev.  T.  H.  Archibald,  pastor ;  Davenport,  Rev.  B.  F.  Brabrook ;  Marion, 
Elihu  Ives,  Franklin  Davis,  A.  C.  Morse;  Cascade,  Arthur  Thomas.  Rev.  O.  L. 
Harding  and  Brother  Rynerson,  being  present,  were  invited  to  sit  with  the 
council.  The  council  examined  very  carefully  the  declarations  of  the  faith  and  re- 
ligious views  of  the  new  church  and  the  covenant  and  rules  which  they  had 
adopted,  and  proceeded  to  recognize  them  as  a  regular  Baptist  church. 

Digitized  by 



This  was  a  pioneer  church  in  Jones  county.  The  members  were  sturdy,  ener- 
getic men  and  women  who  took  hold  of  the  church  work  with  an  energy  and  zeal 
which  is  rarely  manifested  at  the  present  day.  In  a  few  years  they  built  a  neat 
brick  building,  and  for  nearly  fifty  years  a  church  was  maintained  and  regular 
services  held.  During  this  time  Anamosa  having  railroad  advantages,  sprang  up 
and  grew  within  four  miles  and  the  village  of  Fairview,  gradually  melted  away. 
Many  of  the  members  moved  to  other  homes  and  those  remaining  united  with  the 
Anamosa  Baptist  church.  When  the  church  was  organized  at  Anamosa  it  drew 
from  the  Fairview  church  some  of  its  active  workers.  E.  B.  Alderman  and  his 
wife,  Lydia  Alderman,  were  among  these  and  were  charter  members  of  the  Ana- 
mosa church.  Lewis  W.  Homan  and  Temperance  Homan  removed  from  Fairview 
to  Adams  county,  Iowa,  in  1856.  They  were  charter  members  of  the  First  Bap- 
tist church  of  that  county.  He  was  the  last  surviving  of  the  charter  members  of 
the  Fairview  Baptist  church,  dying  at  Corning,  Iowa,  on  the  24th  day  of  August, 
1909.  His  wife,  Temperance  Homan,  departed  March  27,  1891.  Mr.  Homan 
was  over  ninety-one  years  old  at  the  time  of  his  death.  They  had  twelve  children, 
five  of  whom  are  now  living,  also  forty- four  grandchildren  and  fifty-one  great 

Elder  N.  B.  Homan  was  for  fifteen  years  pastor  of  the  Fairview  church. 
Twenty-five  years  ago  he  went  to  Kansas  and  labored  earnestly  in  organizing 
and  building  up  Baptist  churches  until  in  the  fullness  of  time  he  was  taken.  Dea- 
con Timothy  Soper  and  Mrs.  Soper  and  Deacon  A.  A.  Myrick  and  Mrs.  Myrick 
were  for  years  the  stay  of  this  church.  Deacon  Myrick  and  Mrs.  Soper  are  now 
members  of  the  Anamosa  church.  While  the  Fairview  church  has  passed  away 
yet  its  existence  was  a  great  good  to  the  community  and  did  much  to  make  bet- 
ter and  happier  the  lives  of  many  of  the  earlier  settlers  of  Fairview  township 
and  the  adjoining  country. 


On  Saturday,  June  26,  1858,  Edwin  B.  Alderman  and  Lydia  A.  Alderman  and 
Eliphet  Kimball,  Mary  E.  Kimball,  Jane  Trester,  Mary  Baker  and  Anganett 
Swazee  met  at  the  house  of  Mr.  Kimball  in  Anamosa  and  proceeded  to  organize 
the  first  Baptist  church  of  Anamosa.  Elder  Daniel  Rowley,  of  the  Iowa  Baptist 
State  Convention,  was  present  and  acted  as  moderator  of  the  meeting ;  E.  B.  Al- 
derman was  elected  church  clerk.  The  church  voted  to  have  public  services  at  the 
courthouse  at  three  o'clock  p.  m.,  on  the  next  day,  at  which  time  they  were  to 
be  recognized  as  a  regular  Baptist  church.  The  first  pastor  was  Elder  N.  B.  Ho- 
man, who  was  also  pastor  of  the  church  at  Fairview.  The  following  ministers 
have  been  pastors  of  the  church :  N.  B.  Homan,  1858-1860;  U.  R.  Walton,  1860- 
1861;  N.  B.  Homan.  1861-1868;  M.  C  Kempsey,  1868-1869;  M.  T.  Lamb,  1869- 
1870;  Robert  Leslie,  1870-1871 ;  C  J.  B.  Jackson,  1872-1876;  H.  W.  Thiele, 
1876-1877;  C.  F.  Tucker,  1877-1879;  J.  C.  Burkholder,  1879-1882;  C.  L.  Morrill, 
1882-1884;  C.  C.  Smith,  1885-1890;  A.  H.  Ballard,  1890-1895;  W.  E.  Glanville, 
1895-1904;  J.  M.  Deschamp,  1904-1907;  E.  K.  Masterson,  1907-1908;  John  Heri- 
tage, 1908  to  the  present  time. 

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The  following  have  served  as  clerks  of  the  church:  E.  B.  Alderman,  1858- 
1860;  S.  R.  Moody,  1860-1864;  C  French,  1864-1865;  J.  R.  Cook,  1865-1866; 
H.  C.  Griffith,  1866-1868;  I.  H.  Brasted,  1868-1870;  Milton  Remley,  1870-1874; 
H.  M.  Remley,  1874-1887;  Jennings  Litzenburg,  1887-1889;  H.  M.  Remley,  1889- 
1896 ;  I.  H.  Brasted,  1896  to  the  present  time. 

The  church  held  prayer  meetings  and  services  at  the  home  of  the  various 
members  and  in  the  courthouse  or  other  halls,  where  they  could  be  accommodated, 
until  1868,  when  they  erected  a  substantial  brick  building  forty  by  sixty  feet  with 
a  high  ceiling  and  a  bell  tower.  The  building  cost  six  thousand  dallors  and  at  the 
time  of  dedication,  Sunday,  March  i,  1868,  all  the  remaining  indebtedness  was 
paid.  At  the  time  of  its  erection  it  was  the  best  church  building  in  Anamosa  or 
Fairview  township.  It  has  been  one  of  the  rules  of  this  church  that  it  would  not 
go  into  debt,  and  from  the  time  of  its  organization  up  to  the  present  time,  outside 
of  the  deficiency  of  one  or  two  hundred  dollars  in  current  running  expenses, 
there  has  been  no  indebtedness.  This  church  has  sent  out  a  great  many  good  mem- 
bers and  efficient  workers  to  other  churches.  There  have  been  since  its  organiza- 
tion up  to  September  i,  1909,  five  hundred  and  seventy-six  members.  The  number 
at  the  present  time  is  one  hundred  and  thirteen.  About  the  year  1886,  the  church 
built  a  substantial  brick  addition  providing  church  parlors  and  Sunday-school 
rooms.  In  1905  the  church  was  further  improved  by  putting  a  furnace  beneath 
the  audience  room  putting  in  a  new  sloping  maple  floor,  new  hardwood  casings 
to  the  windows,  new  pulpit  and  choir  platform,  new  baptistry,  a  gallery,  and 
stained  glass  windows,  and  reseating  the  entire  church  with  the  most  improved 
seats.  This  improvement  cost  over  three  thousand  dollars.  The  value  of  the 
church  property  at  the  present  time  is  about  ten  thousand  dollars.  The  audience 
room  is  exceedingly  neat  and  beautiful.  The  church  also  owns  a  parsonage  worth 
about  two  thousand,  five  hundred  dollars.  The  present  officers  of  the  church 
are:  pastor,  Rev.  John  Heritage;  deacons:  Dr.  H.  W.  Sigworth,  C.  T.  Myrick, 
I.  H.  Brasted,  Henry  Morey  and  John  Barrett ;  treasurer,  B.  E.  Rhinehart ;  clerk, 
I.  H.  Brasted;  trustees:  A.  H.  Morey,  C.  H.  Anderson  and  Alfred  G.  Remley. 
Mrs.  Lydia  Alderman,  now  living  at  Riverside,  California,  is  the  only  surviving 
charter  member. 

The  Sunday-school  has  the  following  officers  and  teachers:  superintendent, 
Mrs.  John  Heritage;  assistant.  Miss  Nellie  Hackett;  secretary,  Robert  G.  Rem- 
ley; teachers:  B.  E.  Rhinehart,  Mrs.  H.  L.  Haase,  Mrs.  I.  H.  Brasted,  Nellie 
Morey,  Mr.  H.  L.  Haase,  Miss  Ethel  Scroggs,  Mrs.  Judson  McCarn  and  H.  M. 
Remley.  The  Sunday-school  was  first  organized  in  1867.  ^^^  ^^^t  superintendent 
was  E.  B.  Alderman,  who  served  three  years.  Milton  Remley  was  then  elected 
and  served  three  years;  C.  W.  Coe  then  served  three  years;  H.  M.  Remley  served 
three  years.  In  1879  John  Stewart,  the  noted  butter  maker,  was  elected  superin- 
tendent and  served  for  three  years ;  I.  H.  Brasted  was  elected  and  served  about 
the  same  length  of  time;  C.  T.  Myrick  was  then  elected  and  has  been  reelected 
a  good  many  times.  Since  then  the  following  persons  have  been  superintendent 
in  the  order  named ;  A.  E.  Myrick,  C.  B.  Hungerford,  Fred  B.  Sigworth,  A.  L. 
Remley,  H.  D.  Myrick  and  the  present  superintendent.  The  school  has  always 
been  self-sustaining  and  has  always  had  plenty  of  funds.  Upon  retiring  from  the 
superintendency,  H.  M.  Remley  became  the  teacher  of  the  old  people's  Bible  class 

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and  has  taught  that  class  from  that  time  to  the  present  time,  over  thirty  years.  His 
class  now  consists  of  eighteen  members,  with  an  average  attendance  of  eleven 
or  twelve  members.  Four  members  of  the  class  are  over  eighty  years  old  and 
the  average  age  is  over  seventy  years 


About  the  year  1840,  Rev.  Thomas  Emerson  commenced  special  Christian 
labor  in  what  was  known  as  "Big  Woods,"  which  included  the  whole  of  Fairview 
township  and  also  Greenfield  and  Rome  townships,  Jones  county.  His  labors, 
though  brief,  were  attended  with  some  success,  and  after  his  departure  to  Missouri, 
Rev.  Rankin  secured  the  names  of  a  few  persons  with  a  view  to  organizing 
a  Christian  church.  But  finding  the  project  beset  with  many  difficulties  he  left  it 
unaccomplished.  Soon  after  this,  about  the  year  1844,  Rev.  E.  Alden,  Jr.,  suc- 
ceeded in  gathering  and  organizing  a  small  Congregational  church  in  Rome,  in  the 
southern  part  of  the  county,  which  probably  was  the  first  Congregational  church 
organization  in  the  county.  Discordant  elements  caused  its  dissolution  early  in 
1846.  In  the  spring  of  that  year  Rev.  Alfred  Wright  visited  Big  Woods  as  a 
missionary,  and  in  the  September  following  removed  to  Anamosa,  or  to  what  was 
then  known  as  Lexington.  He  labored  here  to  impress  upon  the  scattered  Chris- 
tians the  need  of  a  church  organization,  and  on  the  14th  of  November,  1846, 
Samuel  Hillis  and  wife  (parents  of  Newell  Dwight  Hillis,  now  of  Henry  Ward 
Beecher's  church,  Brooklyn),  Solomon  Hester  and  wife,  Mrs.  Margaret  Hester, 
Sr.,  and  Mrs.  L.  C.  Wright  met  to  consider  the  importance  of  such  a  step.  After 
prayer  and  due  deliberation  a  Congregational  organization  was  agreed  upon 
though  all  present  were  Presbyterians.  Samuel  Hillis  was  then  elected  deacon  and 
on  the  following  Sabbath  the  articles  of  faith  were  adopted.  Rev.  Wright 
continued  his  labors  here  until  the  autumn  of  1853,  ^  period  of  about  seven  and 
a  half  years.  His  church  then  numbered  eighty-two  members,  though  scattered 
over  a  considerable  extent  of  country. 

In  185 1  a  frame  house  of  worship  was  erected  a  little  east  of  what  was  then 
the  business  portion  of  Anamosa.  The  building  is  now  used  for  a  residence, 
just  in  the  angle  of  Main  street,  in  the  western  part  of  town.  This  church  edi- 
fice was  the  first  erected  in  the  county.  It  was  neatly  painted  white  and  comfort- 
ably seated  with  solid  oak  pews.  In  the  latter  part  of  1853  or  early  in  1854  Father 
Wright  removed  to  Quasqueton,  in  Buchanan  county,  Iowa. 

In  1853  the  name  of  the  church  was  changed  from  the  Big  Woods  church  to 
the  "First  Congregational  Church  of  Anamosa."  Mr.  Wright  was  succeeded  in 
the  spring  of  1854  by  Rev.  E.  O.  Bennett,  who  remained  here  but  six  months. 
Rev.  H.  W.  Strong  began  his  labors  on  January  i,  1855,  and  on  June  i  following, 
Rev.  S.  P.  LaDou  commenced  work  here  and  remained  one  year. 

December  i,  1856,  Rev.  Samuel  A.  Benton  entered  upon  the  field  and  min- 
istered to  the  church  during  a  period  of  five  years,  at  the  close  of  which  he  left 
and  was  appointed  chaplain  in  the  Fourteenth  Iowa  Volunteers,  under  Colonel 
William  T.  Shaw.  Mr.  Benton  served  but  six  months  when  his  health  failed  and 
he  returned  to  his  home.     During  his  last  year  as  pastor,  1861,  a  commodious 

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brick  house  of  worship  was  erected  where  the  postoffice  building  now  stands  on 
the  comer  of  Main  and  Booth  streets. 

June  I,  1862,  Rev.  O.  W.  Merrill  was  called  to  the  pastorate  and  continued  his 
labors  four  years  as  stated  supply.  On  the  20th  of  June,  1866,  he  was  installed 
as  settled  pastor,  and  continued  this  relation  until  June,  1870,  when,  by  his  own 
request  and  by  advice  of  council  he  was  dismissed  to  act  as  superintendent  of 
missions  for  Nebraska,  a  position  to  which  he  was  called  by  the  American  Home 
Missionary  society.  During  his  ministry  a  debt  of  over  seven  hundred  dollars 
was  paid,  the  house  seated  at  a  cost  of  five  hundred  dollars,  a  spire  erected  and 
a  bell  purchased  at  a  cost  of  seven  hundred  dollars,  an  organ  bought  and  the 
house  carpeted.  From  dependence  on  the  Home  Missionary  society  for  support, 
the  church  became  self-sustaining.  In  the  eight  years  of  Mr.  Merrill's  ministry 
eighty-five  were  added  to  the  membership  and  the  working  ability  of  the  church 
was  more  than  doubled,  as  was  also  its  average  Sabbath  congregation. 

In  June,  1870,  Rev.  Wm.  Patton  was  chosen  to  fill  the  pulpit  and  remained 
three  months.  In  1871,  Rev.  R.  M.  Sawyer  began  his  ministerial  labors  and  re- 
mained one  year.  , 

September  i,  1872,  Rev.  J.  B.  Fiske  entered  on  this  pastorate,  and  after  serv- 
ing his  people  most  effectively  for  sixteen  years  he  resigned  September  i,  1888, 
removing  to  Bonne  Terre,  Missouri,  where  he  became  the  pastor  of  the  Congre- 
gational church  of  that  place. 

Rev.  W.  W.  Willard  was  called  April  25,  1889,  to  fill  the  pulpit,  to  begin 
September  ist,  it  being  understood  that  his  stay  would  be  for  only  a  short  time. 

Following  the  death  of  Mrs.  J.  B.  Fiske,  at  Bonne  Terre,  a  beautiful  memor- 
ial service  was  held  in  the  church  February  6,  1890,  at  which  addresses  were 
made  and  appropriate  resolutions  adopted. 

Rev.  E.  W.  Beers  followed  Rev.  Willard  as  pastor  about  the  ist  of  October, 
1889,  and  remained  one  year.  Rev.  W.  R.  Stewart  commenced  his  labors  as  pas- 
tor December  7,  1890,  and  remained  about  two  years.  Rev.  S.  F.  Milliken  en- 
tered on  the  pastorate  May  i,  1893,  and  remained  until  March  i,  1902,  and  then 
accepted  a  call  to  Kingsley,  Iowa. 

Dr.  J.  H.  McLaren  was  called  December  11,  1902,  and  began  his  work  eariy 
in  January  following.  The  building  of  a  new  church  was  suggested  soon  after 
Dr.  McLaren  entered  upon  his  pastorate.  At  a  prayer  and  business  meeting  held 
May  28,  1903,  the  pastor  stated  that  Mrs.  E.  P.  Benton,  of  Minneapolis,  a  former 
member  of  this  church,  as  was  her  now  deceased  husband,  would  give  half  the 
sum  required  for  a  new  church,  a  statement  received  with  profound  gratitude  by 
all.  The  pastor  and  Messrs.  H.  H.  McKinney,  J.  S.  Condit,  C.  S.  Millard  and 
Mrs.  E.  A.  Osbom  were  appointed  a  committee  to  solicit  subscriptions.  Sep- 
tember 3,  1903,  a  resolution  was  adopted  authorizing  the  purchase  from  Mrs. 
T.  R.  Ercanbrack  of  lots  i  and  2  and  the  north  sixty  feet  of  lot  3,  comer  of 
First  and  Booth  streets  for  five  thousand  dollars,  and  to  sell  the  old  church,  the 
cost  of  the  new  structure  not  to  exceed  fifteen  thousand  dollars. 

Some  time  after  this,  Mr.  E.  M.  Condit,  traveling  abroad  with  his  wife,  gave 
assurance  that  he  would  help  the  enterprise,  and  later  forwarded  his  check  for 
two  thousand  dollars,  which  was  another  cause  for  gratitude  and  praise  to  God. 

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The  building  committee  consisted  of  Dr.  J.  H.  McLaren,  J.  S.  Stacy,  M.  L. 
HoIHster,  C.  S.  Millard,  A.  J.  Byerly  and  T.  E.  Booth.  Mr.  :\Iillard  was  made 
treasurer  and  Mr.  Booth  secretary. 

The  purchase  of  the  Ercanbrack  property  was  completed  and  Mrs.  Ercan- 
brack  generously  donated  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  toward  the  new  church. 
Plans  were  accepted  from  J.  H.  Prescott  and  bids  followed  by  several  builders. 
The  award  went  to  Anton  Zwack,  of  Dubuque,  for  fourteen  thousand,  three  hun- 
dred dollars.  March  21,  1904,  the  trustees  were  authorized  to  sell  the  old  church 
to  George  L.  Schoonover  for  four  thousand  dollars,  reserving  the  bell,  seats,  organ 
and  other  furnishings,  and  it  was  sold  accordingly. 

April  7,  1904,  Dr.  McLaren  having  resigned,  it  was  voted  to  extend  a  call  to 
Rev.  A.  O.  Stevens,  of  Pontiac,  Michigan,  to  become  pastor,  and  later  he  was 
added  to  the  building  committee.  Following  the  sale  of  the  old  church,  and  before 
it  was  turned  over  to  Mr.  Schoonover,  a  "last  meeting"  was  held  in  the  church 
on  the  1 2th  of  April,  short  addresses  being  made  by  T.  E.  Booth,  J.  S.  Stacy, 
J.  H.  Barnard,  E.  J.  Wood,  A.  Heitchen,  C.  S.  Millard,  G.  L.  Yount  and  Rev. 
A.  O.  Stevens. 

A  large  number  of  the  members  of  the  church  and  congregation  were  present 
and  a  service  was  enjoyed  that  will  never  be  forgotten. 

By  courtesy  of  the  city  authorities,  the  congregation  occupied  the  city  hall 
for  some  months  and  until  the  new  church  was  ready  for  occupancy.  The  cor- 
ner stone  was  laid  December  15,  1903,  with  appropriate  ceremonies,  conducted  by 
Dr.  McLaren,  Others  participating  were  Rev.  W.  E.  Glanville,  of  the  Baptist 
church.  Miss  Bates,  assisting  at  the  Methodist  Episcopal  revival  meetings,  sang 
a  solo.  Rev.  J.  Percival  Hugget,  of  Cedar  Rapids,  delivered  an  interesting  dis- 
course, and  Rev.  L.  L.  Lockard,  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  Rev. 
DeWitt  White  of  the  Presbyterian  church  extended  words  of  greeting. 

September  30,  1904,  the  dedication  recital,  at  which  was  given  the  first  public 
exhibition  of  a  pipe  organ  in  the  history  of  the  town,  Mr.  Kenneth  E.  Runkel,  of 
St.  Paul,  Minnesota,  conducting  the  recital,  assisted  by  Mrs.  Harry  W.  Sig- 
worth,  soprano,  and  Mr.  Dwight  E.  Cook,  tenor. 

On  Sunday,  October  20,  1904,  the  dedication  of  the  church  took  place,  the  au- 
dience room,  both  wings  and  the  gallery  being  packed  and  aisles  filled.  The  exer- 
cises were  opened  by  an  organ  prelude  by  Mr.  Runkel,  followed  by  the  Doxology 
and  Lord's  prayer,  responsive  reading  and  an  original  hymn  written  by  Rev. 
J.  N.  Davidson,  of  Dousman,  Wisconsin,  formerly  a  member  of  the  church.  T. 
E.  Booth,  of  the  building  committee,  reported  the  contributions  for  the  enterprise. 

Mrs.  E.  P.  Benton  $11,500 

E.  M.  Condit  2,000 

Church  Building  Society  1,000 

Old  church  property 4,000 

Local  subscriptions   4,869 

There  was  an  indebtedness  of  only  eighty-seven  dollars  and  that  and  more 
was   quickly   raised   by   a  basket   collection,   Dr.   T.   O.   Douglas,   of   Grinnell, 
making  an  appropriate  address.  Rev.  A.  O.  Stevens,  the  present  pastor,  then 

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in  happy  words  introduced  Dr.  McLaren,  who  preached  an  eloquent  dedicatory 
sermon,  with  theme,  "Triumphant  Zion,"  the  sermon  being  published  in  full 
in  the  Eureka. 

March  sth,  1905,  Rev.  Stevens  resigned  and  on  July  9th  following  Rev. 
Qias.  H.  Beaver,  of  Fairmont,  Neb.,  preached  morning  and  evening  and  on  the 
17th  a  unanimous  call  was  extended  to  him  to  enter  on  this  pastorate,  which 
was  accepted,  and  Mr.  Beaver  is  still  with  us,  doing  a  good  work  for  the 
spiritual  life  of  the  church  and  enlarging  the  congregation  and  Sunday  school. 

One  year  ago,  under  the  care  and  direction  of  Mr.  Beaver,  the  entire  in- 
terior of  the  church  was  beautifully  decorated,  and  other  repairs  made  at  a 
total  cost  of  about  three  thousand,  six  hundred  dollars,  which  included  an  en- 
largement of  the  basement  dining  rooms,  roof  rebuilt  and  a  new  furnace  in  the 
parsonage,  with  other  repairs  and  furnishings  of  a  valuable  nature. 

Because  of  these  improvements,  recognition  services  were  held  October  29th, 
30th  and  November  ist,  with  elaborate  programs,  musical  and  otherwise,  in- 
cluding a  men's  banquet  under  charge  of  the  Men's  club  of  the  church,  and 
addresses  by  T.  E.  Booth,  Richard  Owen,  Rev.  M.  A.  Breed,  of  Monticello,  Rev. 
Wilson  Denny,  of  Cedar  Rapids,  Rev.  Charles  A.  Moore,  of  Davenport,  and 
Rev.  Charles  A.  Beaver,  the  pastor.  All  these  exercises  were  free  and  they 
were  greeted  by  large  and  appreciative  audiences. 


The  First  Presbyterian  Church  of  Anamosa  was  organized  September  20, 
A.  D.  1868,  by  a  Committee  of  the  Presbytery  of  Dubuque,  appointed  for  that 
purpose,  consisting  of  Rev.  James  McKean  and  Rev.  J.  L.  Wilson  and  Ruling 
Elder  S.  F.  Glenn.  Those  uniting  in  the  organization  were  as  follows :  John 
McKean,  Nancy  A.  McKean,  Mrs.  Pamelia  Yule  and  her  two  daughters,  Arvilla 
Yule  and  A.  Yule,  Mrs.  J.  H.  Fisher  and  Mrs.  D.  C.  Tice.  John  McKean  was 
duly  elected  ruling  elder  of  the  church,  and  installed  according  to  the  usages 
of  the  Presbyterian  church.  The  meeting  was  held  in  the  Baptist  church 
edifice.  Rev.  Jerome  Allen  was  present  and,  by  request,  preached  in  the  morn- 
ing: Rev.  J.  L.  Wilson  in  the  evening.  Rev.  Jerome  Allen  supplied  the  church 
temporarily  with  preaching  during  the  fall  and  following  winter.  The  first 
regular  stated  supply  was  Rev.  Bloomfield  Wall,  a  laborious  and  faithful  min- 
ister, who  remained  with  the  church  for  one  year  from  August  i,  1869.  During 
this  year,  the  church  grew  considerably  in  numbers,  worshipping  in  what  was 
then  the  courtroom,  where  is  now  (1879)  Miller's  photograph-rooms. 

Rev.  Wall  having  removed  at  the  close  of  the  first  year  to  the  southern 
portion  of  the  state,  the  church  was  left  vacant  and  remained  so  until  1871, 
when  the  church  secured,  in  connection  with  the  then  Presbyterian  church  of 
Wayne,  the  labors  of  Rev.  J.  Nesbitt  Wilson  for  the  three  successive  years.  After 
this  time,  up  to  the  spring  of  1878,  the  church,  although  now  left  destitute  of 
stated  preaching,  was  supplied  about  once  a  month  by  Rev.  H.  L.  Stanley,  the  able 
and  accomplished  pastor  at  Wheatland,  Iowa.  During  these  years,  the  times 
were  hard,  emigration  was  against  the  church,  several  of  the  most  efficient 
members  removing,  and  death  thinned  the  ranks  by  the  loss  of  several  of  the 

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most  pious  and  devoted  members — ^the  beloved  Mrs.  Ditto,  Mrs.  Pamelia  Yule 
and  the  accomplished  Capt.  F.  C.  McKean  being  of  the  number.  Notwith- 
standing seemingly  discouraging  circumstance  the  members  seemed  generally 
to  cling  with  more  tenacity  to  the  faith  so  true  to  Christ  and  the  principles  of 
representative  republican  church  government,  embraced  in  its  order,  as  dis- 
tinguished from  absolute  democracy  on  the  one  hand  and  the  rule  of  a  hierarchy 
on  the  other. 

A  Sabbath  school  has  always  existed  in  connection  with  the  church  from 
the  first  pastorate  of  Rev.  Wall,  and  weekly  prayer  meetings  upheld. 

In  the  spring  of  1878,  having  no  house  of  worship,  on  invitation  of  the 
citizens  of  Strawberry  Hill,  the  place  of  worship  was  removed  to  Straw- 
berry Hill  schoolhouse,  where  services  were  held  until  the  completion  of  the 
church  building,  November  17,  1^78. 

As  a  preparatory  step  to  the  erection  of  a  church  building  on  May  5,  1878, 
articles  of  incorporation  were  adopted  in  due  legal  form,  under  the  name  and 
style  of  *The  First  Presbyterian  Church  of  Anamosa."  They  were  signed  and 
acknowledged  by  the  following  persons :  William  T.  Shaw,  Joseph  Wood,  John 
McKean,  Albert  Higby,  B.  F.  Smith,  Abraham  Everett  and  Eugene  Carr. 

The  first  board  of  trustees  were :  John  McKean,  Joseph  Wood,  Albert  Higby, 
B.  F.  Smith  and  B.  G.  Yule,  of  whom  Judge  McKean  was  elected  president  and 
Albert  Higby,  secretary,  with  Joseph  Wood,  treasurer.  Col.  William  T.  Shaw 
had  most  generously  donated  to  the  church,  for  its  use  for  building  purposes, 
one-half  of  a  block  of  lots.    The  church  at  once  prepared  to  erect  a  building. 

The  contract  was  let  to  Messrs.  Parson  &  Foley,  of  Anamosa|  on  July  i,  1878, 
and  the  cornerstone  laid  shortly  afterward  by  Rev.  Daniel  Russell.  The 
building  was  dedicated,  free  of  debt,  November  17,  1878,  just  four  months 
afterwards,  complete  and  finished,  which  speaks  well  for  the  contractors,  the 
church  and  the  generous  hearted  citizens  who  so  liberally  aided  by  their  funds 
and  sympathy. 

The  building  was  of  brick,  twenty-eight  by  forty-eight  feet,  with  ornate 
tower  ten  by  ten  feet,  on  the  northeast  comer,  about  sixty  feet  high.  The  stone 
work  was  of  the  finest  Anamosa  limestone,  with  which  the  building  was  elegantly 
trimmed.  The  style  of  the  architecture  was  Gothic.  The  grounds  were  fenced 
and  ornamented  with  walls  and  trees,  tastefully  arranged  under  the  supervision 
of  Joseph  Wood.  The  bricks  were  selected  by  B.  F.  Smith  from  his  kilns  on 
Strawberry  Hill. 

This  building  which  was  situated  on  Strawberry  Hill,  now  a  part  of  the 
city  of  Anamosa,  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  October,  1901.  The  fire  being  started 
from  a  bonfire  of  leaves  in  cleaning  up  the  church  property.  The  wind  blew  the 
burning  leaves  onto  the  roof  and  the  dry  shingles  immediately  caught  fire  and 
destroyed  the  church. 

In  1902  the  resent  stone  structure  situated  on  North  Ford  street  was  built, 
the  stone  being  furnished  by  James  Lawrence  and  taken  from  his  quarry.  This 
new  church  was  dedicated  on  the  third  day  of  May,  1903. 

Rev.  Daniel  Russell  severed  his  connection  as  minister  in  1886.  The  follow- 
ing persons  served  the  church  as  pastor  since  the  very  eflfective  and  conscien- 
tious serving  of  Daniel  Russell;  William  Grey;  A.  W.  McConnell;  D.  Street, 

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W.  J.  Bollman ;  David  Brown ;  J.  C.  Orth ;  DeWitt  White  and  Charles  M.  Whetsel. 
who  is  now  the  present  pastor. 

ST.   mark's  parish    (PROTESTANT  EPISCOPAL). 

August  14,  1859,  the  eighth  Sunday  after  Trinity,  a  parish  was  organized  in 
Anamosa,  Jones  county.  Iowa,  under  the  name  of  St.  Mark's  by  Rev.  Walter 

On  Wednesday,  March  15,  i860,  after  morning  prayer  and  sermon,  the 
corner  stone  of  the  church  building  was  laid  by  Rev.  Lloyd.  Friday, 
July  20,  i860,  the  church  was  opened  for  divine  worship,  Rev.  Lloyd 
reading  the  service.  The  Rt.  Rev.  Henry  W.  Lee,  bishop  of  the  diocese,  preached 
the  sermon  on  the  occasion,  and  administered  the  sacred  rite  of  confirmation  and 
was  celebrant  at  the  holy  communion. 

The  following  were  elected  vestrymen  at  the  organization:  C.  W.  Laing, 
E.  H.  Sherman,  A.  H.  Peaslee,  J.  S.  Dimmitt,  E.  Blakeslee,  Bedford  Fisher, 
William  R.  Locke,  Matt  Parrott  and  John  J.  Welsh. 

The  following  have  served  as  rectors  of  the  parish:  Revs.  W.  F. 
Lloyd,  John  H.  Eddy,  Hale  Townsend,  Isaac  Williams,  William  Campbell.  Robert 
Trewartha,  Joseph  I.  Corbyn,  Felix  H.  Pickworth  and  Charles  H.  Kues. 
Rev.  Pickworth,  now  chaplain  at  the  reformatory,  has  the  oversight  of  the  parish 
at  this  time  pending  the  call  of  a  rector. 


When  Iowa  was  still  a  wilderness,  the  Methodists  commenced  promulgating 
their  doctrines,  and  the  Iowa  conference  established  what  was  known  as  the 
Anamosa  circuit  in  the  year  1849,  and  Rev.  Vail  was  sent  to  sow  the  good 
seed.  Mr.  Vail  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Harvey  Taylor  in  the  fall  of  1850.  The 
population  of  the  circuit  at  that  time  was  small,  but  a  class  of  ten  persons 
was  formed  at  Anamosa  in  the  year  185 1,  and  in  February  of  the  same  year  a 
church  society  was  organized.  For  four  or  five  years,  the  regular  services  of 
the  church  were  held  in  the  courthouse.  After  that  the  public  schoolhouse  was 
occupied  for  a  time,  and  then  the  church  edifice  of  the  United  Brethren.  In  the 
year  1865,  it  was  determined  by  the  society  to  build  a  church  of  their  own.  The 
necessary  funds  were  subscribed,  when  a  difficulty  arose  in  regard  to  the  loca- 
tion of  the  church  building,  which  resulted  in  a  withdrawal  of  about  a  third 
of  the  subscriptions  and  several  of  the  members.  Those  who  withdrew  formed 
themselves  into  a  society  called  the  Protestant  Methodist  church,  which  organ- 
ization lasted  but  for  a  short  time,  dying  for  lack  of  support. 

The  building  of  the  church  progressed,  however,  and  at  the  time  of  the 
dedication,  in  December,  1865,  there  was  a  debt  of  two  thousand,  five  hundred 
dollars.  This  debt  has  since  been  paid,  and  the  society  now  owns  its  own  par- 
sonage, and  is  in  a  very  prosperous  condition,  having  a  debt  of  less  than  two 
hundred  dollars.  The  society  owned  other  landed  estate  to  the  amount  of  about 
eight  hundred  dollars. 

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The  first  money  raised  for  building  a  church  was  in  185 1,  but  the  money 
was  finally  expended  in  building  a  parsonage.  A  debt  of  some  two  hundred 
dollars  was  incurred,  which  ran  along  for  a  number  of  years,  when  the  society 
was  obliged  to  sell  the  parsonage.  After  paying  the  debts  of  the  society,  a  bal- 
ance of  about  one  hundred  dollars  remained,  and  the  old  Congregational  church 
was  purchased,  which  served  as  a  place  of  worship  until  the  old  brick  edifice 
was  erected.  The  first  class  organized,  as  mentioned  "bef ore,  in  1851,  consisted 
of  ten  persons.  The  first  church  record  having  been  lost  or  destroyed,  the  his- 
torian is  under  obligations  to  Mr.  D.  Cunningham  for  the  names,  taking  some 
from  history  of  1879  which  are  as  follows ;  Oliver  Lockwood  and  Rebecca  his 
wife;  Mr.  Sedlers,  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell  and  Mary,  his  wife;  Mary  Bass;  D.  Cun- 
ningham and  Sarah,  his  wife  and  Mr.  Vail  and  wife.  From  this  beginning  the 
church  has  grown,  through  many  very  severe  trials,  to  its  present  proportions, 
having  a  membership  at  this  time,  August  1879,  of  two  hundred  and  thirty 
members,  with  a  large  and  prosperous  Sabbath  school. 

The  following  are  the  names  of  the  pastors  who  have  ministered  to  the  spir- 
itual wants  of  the  society :  Rev.  Vail,  Harvey  Taylor,  A.  B.  Kendig,  A.  Carey, 
G.  H.  Jamison,  Otis  Daggett,  George  Larkins,  Isaac  Soule,  A.  Bronson, 
F.  C.  Wolfe,  A.  Hill,  A.  H.  Ames,  U.  Eberhart,  Wm.  Lease,  J.  B.  Casebeer, 
S.  H.  Church,  John  Bowman  and  J.  M.  Leonard. 

Rev.  J.  N.  Leonard  served  his  charge  with  great  success  until  July,  1880, 
when  he  went  to  Europe  to  spend  two  years  in  study  and  investigation.  Dur- 
ing this  time  the  old  parsonage  on  North  Ford  street  was  sold  and  after  paying 
the  debts  against  the  society  the  balance  of  three  hundred  and  thirty  dollars  was 
left  in  the  hands  of  the  trustees.  In  1880,  F.  B.  Sharington  was  transferred  from 
Fort  Scott,  Kansas,  to  fill  out  the  unexpired  term  of  Rev.  Leonard.  He  remained 
until  October  i,  1881.  During  his  pastorate  the  present  parsonage  was  built  on 
Booth  street,  at  a  cost  of  two  thousand  dollars.  In  1881  J.  G.  VanNess 
was  appointed  to  succeed  Rev.  Sharington  and  served  his  full  term  of  three  years. 
In  1884,  F-  E.  Brush  was  appointed  to  this  charge  and  continued  for  a  period 
of  three  years.  In  1887,  R^v.  A.  C.  Manwell  took  charge  and  served  two  years. 
Since  this  time  the  following  pastors  have  served  the  Anamosa  charge :  in  1892, 
L.  N.  McKee;  1895,  Dr.  T.  W.  Heal;  1897,  L.  L.  Lochard;  1905,  Rev.  Dean  C. 
Dutton ;  1907,  Dr.  H.  White,  who  is  the  present  pastor. 

There  had  been  a  great  deal  of  talk  and  planning  for  the  building  of  a  new 
church  and  in  1905,  when  Rev.  D.  C.  Dutton  was  appointed  to  this  charge  he 
immediately  set  out  to  build  a  new  church  that  would  be  a  credit  to  the  society 
and  the  community.  He  organized  his  forces  and  soon  had  a  new  church  build- 
ing planned,  erected  and  dedicated  at  a  cost  of  about  thirty  thousand  dollars. 
This  new  church  building  was  erected  at  the  comer  of  Ford  and  First  streets, 
just  west  of  the  Congregational  church.  It  is  a  fine  well  built  and  imposing  build- 
ing with  all  the  modern  improvements,  with  separate  Sunday-schjol  rooms 
and  a  basement  fitted  up  for  social  entertainments.  In  addition  to  the  erection 
of  this  magnificent  church  Rev.  Dutton  raised  money  and  improved  the  par- 
sonage at  the  expense  of  about  four  hundred  dollars.  The  new  church  was 
dedicated  June  i,  1907,  and  Rev.  Dutton  resigned  June  i,  1908.  The  church  is 
in  a  prosperous  condition  and  has  a  membership  of  three  hundred  and  fifty.    The 

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attendance  is  good  and  the  zeal  and  interest  of  the  members  is  to  be  commended. 


This  church  seceded  from  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  at  Anamosa,  in 
1865,  in  consequence  of  a  dispute  in  regard  to  the  site  of  the  new  M.  E.  church 
and  other  things,  among  them  a  feeling  brought  on  by  the  war.  Seven  mem- 
bers, who  were  the  leaders  in  the  organization,  bought  the  old  M.  E.  church  build- 
ing, and  in  it  they  worshiped.  These  members  were  Noah  Hutchins,  James  L. 
Brown,  John  S.  Belknap,  Burrill  Huggins,  Joseph  Moore,  Samuel  Brunskill 
and  L.  Belknap.  They  continued  to  hold  services,  although  never  incorporated 
a  society,  until  about  the  ist  of  September,  1871,  when  they  disbanded.  The 
ministers  who'  preached  during  their  continuance  were :  James  Abbott  and  W.  C. 


(For  Catholic  church,  see  elsewhere  in  history  under  the  title  of  The  Cath- 
olic Churches  in  Jones  County. 



In  the  year  1871,  a  charter  was  granted  from  the  United  States  to  the 
First  National  Bank  of  Anamosa,  Iowa,  with  a  capital  stock  in  the  sum  of  fifty 
thousand  dollars.  The  officers  were:  president,  H.  C.  Metcalf ;  vice  president, 
Dr.  E.  Blakeslee;  cashier,  T.  W.  Shapley.  There  were  nine  directors  elected  as 
follows:  H.  C.  Metcalf,  C.  L.  Niles,  T.  W.  Shapley,  John  Watters,  George 
Watters,  Dr.  E.  Blakeslee,  John  McKean,  J.  C.  Dietz  and  N.  S.  Noble. 

In  February,  1879,  ^^^  charter  for  the  First  National  Bank  was  surrendered 
and  H.  C.  Metcalf  continued  the  business  as  a  private  bank  under  the  name  of 
H.  C.  Metcalf,  banker.  In  the  fall  of  1880,  C.  L.  Niles,  John  Watters  and  George 
Watters  purchased  the  bank  of  H.  C.  Metcalf  and  continued  the  same  as  a  private 
bank  under  the  name  of  Niles  &  Watters,  bankers,  until  February  15,  1905, 
when  the  Niles  &  Watters  Savings  Bank  was  incorporated.  The  capital  stock 
is  fifty  thousand  dollars  and  surplus  and  undivided  profits  thirty-five  thousand 

The  present  officers  are :  president,  C.  L.  Niles ;  vice  president,  T.  W.  Shapley ; 
assistant  vice  president,  C.  L.  Niles;  cashier,  T.  E.  Watters;  assistant  cashier, 
F.  J.  Cunningham.  Directors:  C.  L.  Niles,  T.  W.  Shapley,  John  McDonald. 
George  Watters,  Clifford  L.  Niles,  J.  E.  Remley  and  Dr.  T.  C.  Gorman. 

The  deposits  on  November  9th,  1885,  were  $63,641.16;  November  9th,  1895, 
$206,979.67;  November  1905,  $538,849.68;  August  loth,  1909,  $605,272.92. 


On  the  26th  day  of  December,  1873,  Wm.  T.  Shaw,  Lawrence  Schoonover, 
James  A.  Bell  and  Edgar  M.  Condit  formed  a  co-partnership  for  the  purpose  of 

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conducting  a  general  banking  business  in  Anamosa,  Iowa,  under  the  firm  name 
of  Shaw,  Schoonover  &  Company.  The  capital  invested  at  that  time  was 
twenty  thousand  dollars,  divided  equally  among  the  four  partners.  In  the  early 
eighties,  Mr.  Bell  retired,  and  shortly  afterwards  Mr.  Condit  moved  to  Chicago, 
and  disposed  of  his  interest  alscr.  In  both  cases  the  retiring  partner  sold  his 
share  to  the  other  partners,  the  firm  being  known  until  1894  as  Shaw  &  Shoon- 

In  the  year  1894,  Col.  Shaw  retired,  and  the  business  was  operated  by  Mr. 
Schoonover  individually  until  January,  1897,  when  it  was  consolidated  with  the 
Anamosa  National  Bank,  both  Mr.  Shaw  and  Mr.  Schoonover  becoming  stock- 
holders and  directors  of  that  institution.  The  Anamosa  National  Bank  had  been 
incorporated  in  1892  by  Chas.  H.  Lull,  Jno.  Z.  Lull,  W.  N.  Dearborn,  C.  S.  Mil- 
lard and  others,  and,  upon  the  consolidation  with  the  banking  house  of 
L.  Schoonover,  Mr.  C.  H.  Lull  retired  from  the  presidency,  that  office  being 
filled  by  Mr.  Schoonover  from  1897  until  his  death  in  1907. 

In  January,  1904,  C.  S.  Millard  sold  all  his  interest  in  the  bank  to  Geo. 
L.  Schoonover,  at  the  same  time  resigning  the  cashiership.  The  latter  was  then 
elected  to  the  position,  and  remained  as  cashier  until  February,  1907,  when,  upon 
the  death  of  Lawrence  Schoonover,  he  was  elected  to  the  presidency,  remaining 
in  that  position  to  the  present  time. 

Park  Chamberlain,  who  had  become  associated  with  the  bank  in  January, 
1907,  as  vice  president,  was  elected  cashier  in  March  of  the  same  year,  to  succeed 
Geo.  L.  Schoonover.  Mr.  Joseph  N.  Ramsey  has  been  the  assistant  cashier  of 
the  bank  since  July,  1904. 

citizen's  savings  bank. 

The  Citizen's  Savings  Bank  of  Anamosa,  Iowa,  was  incorporated  on  the 
8th  day  of  November,  1906,  with  a  capital  of  fifty  thousand  dollars  and  commenced 
business  on  the  14th  day  of  March,  1907. 

The  first  officers  were:  president,  W.  A.  Cunningham;  vice  president,  Wm. 
Thomas ;  cashier,  E.  K.  Ray.  First  Directors :  W.  A.  Cunningham,  Wm.  Thomas, 
C.  H.  Anderson,  H.  Helberg,  Sr.,  A.  G.  Hejinian,  Wm.  R.  Shaw  and  E.  K.  Ray. 

The  present  officers  are:  president,  W.  A.  Cunningham;  vice  president, 
Wm.  Thomas;  cashier,  E.  K.  Ray,  assistant  cashier,  W.  F.  Helberg.  Present 
directors:  W.  A.  Cunningham,  A.  G.  Hejinian,  F.  G.  Ray,  J.  A.  Belknap,  E.  K. 
Ray  and  W.  F.  Helberg. 

The  Citizen's  Savings  Bank  purchased  the  building  known  as  the  C.  M. 
Brown  building,  which  was  remodeled  from  top  to  bottom,  and  especially 
equipped  for  banking  rooms  with  offices  on  the  second  floor,  at  an  expense  ot  fif- 
teen thousand  dollars. 

Its  deposits  on  August  loth,  1909,  were  one  hundred  and  two  thousand, 
eighty-seven  dollars  and  seventy-seven  cents. 

(A  more  detailed  statement  of  the  condition  of  the  Anamosa  Banks,  will 
be  found  on  another  page  under  the  title  of  "Banks  and  Banking.") 

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The  following  sketch  regarding  a  historic  structure  of  Anamosa,  was  taken 
from  the  Anamosa  Eureka,  published  June  17,  1909. 

"The  two  story  frame  building  down  tQwn  commonly  known  as  the  'bee- 
hive* is  being  dismantled.  That  structure  was  moved  to  its  Main  street  location 
not  far  from  the  year  1857.  J.  H.  Fisher  &  Son  first  erected  it  at  'Fisherville/ 
about  twenty  rods  east  of  the  stone  mill  on  the  Buffalo,  the  mill  being  built  in 
about  1 85 1,  and  was  operated  by  them  when  the  big  store  was  put  up  a  year  or 
so  later.  They  carried  on  an  immense  business  for  years,  not  only  in  general  mer- 
chandising but  in  mill  products  and  stock  feeding,  all  shipments  going  to 
Dubuque  or  Muscatine.  After  the  building  of  the  Dubuque  Southwestern 
the  business  of  the  western  part  of  town  began  to  move  eastward,  and  in  a  few 
years  Fisher  &  Son  hauled  their  store  building  to  its  present  location  and  con- 
tinued in  business  through  the  early  sixties.  Later  they  failed,  unable  to 
recover  from  the  terrible  financial  stress  of  1857-8-9  and  '60,  and  the  building 
was  occupied  by  others  for  mercantile  purpose  for  several  years.  Finally  it 
became  the  property  of  Mrs.  Purcell,  in  connection  with  the  building  she  has 
resided  in  for  a  long  time,  this  latter  having  been  occupied  in  the  later  fifties  and 
early  sixties  as  a  storeroom  by  Frank  Coates,  who  was  afterwards  a  success- 
ful business  man  in  Dubuque.  For  many  years  the  'beehive,'  or  a  part  of  it, 
has  been  used  by  tenants  for  residence  rooms,  but  finally  it  was  abandoned,  Mrs. 
Purcell  preferring  to  take  it  down  and  remove  it  entirely,  in  order  to  better 
protect  and  repair  her  present  residence.  The  'beehive'  was  more  than  fifty 
years  old  and  has  had  a  wonderful  history." 


The  great  American  game  of  base  ball  has  always  been  one  of  the  most 
prominent  local  sports  in  Anamosa,  and  Monticello  has  always  been  a  worthy 
rival.  The  first  game  of  note  ever  played  in  Jones  county  was  played  between 
Anamosa  and  Monticello  in  September,  1867,  as  is  shown  by  the  following  clip- 
ping from  the  Anamosa  Eureka  under  date  of  February  4,  1909,  reviewing 
that  athletic  struggle : 

"According  to  previous  announcement  the  contest  for  the  championship  of 
the  county  between  the  first  nine  of  the  Athletics  of  Anamosa  and  the  first  nine 
of  the  Hesperians  of  Monticello  came  oflF  on  the  fair  grounds  on  Thursday, 
September,  —  1867.  Notwithstanding  the  fact  that  the  game  was  new  in  this 
section,  there  was  a  large  crowd  on  the  ground  to  witness  the  play,  and  the  inter- 
est continued  to  the  end.  An  umpire,  Mr.  Bingham,  was  chosen,  and  C.  M. 
Failing,  for  the  Athletics,  and  Col.  Duer,  for  the  Hesperians  were  selected  as 
scorers.  The  game  was  called  at  10:30  and  the  Hesperians  went  to  bat.  The 
playing  at  the  beginning  was  marked  by  extreme  caution,  each  side  seeming  to 
be  warily  feeling  the  strength  of  the  other.  Though  there  are  only  two  or  three 
days'  difference  between  the  ages  of  the  two  organizations,  it  was  evident,  at  an 
early  stage  of  the  contest,  that  the  Athletics  had  an  advantage  over  their  oppo- 
nents.    This  was  plainly  evinced  in  the  splendid  batting  done  by  the  Athletics. 

Digitized  by 



The  following  is  the  score  as  it  always  appeared  in  the  newspapers  at  that  time : 

Runs  Outs  •  Runs  Outs 

E.  G.  Stanley,  c 17  3         H.  Green,  c 3  3 

Milton  Remley,  p 17  4        E.  N.  Howard,  p o  6 

M.  B.  C.  True,  rf 18         i         A.  Bowman,  rf i  4 

T.  E.  Booth,  lb 16  3         C  Dewey,  ib 4  2 

Ezra  Keeler,  ss 17  3         G.  H.  Scott,  ss 3  2 

Geo.  Gavitt,  2b 16  4        C.  Giles,  2b 2  4 

J.  H.  Williams,  3b 16  2        —  Beckwith,  3b o  4 

I.  H.  Brasted,  If 14  4        Thos.  Cutler,  If •. .   3  o 

P.  A.  Tietsort,  cf 15  3         P.  Periolat,  cf 4  2 

146      27  20      27 


Athletics   5    8  27     5  30  23     3  28  22 — 146 

Hesperians   4    2    2    o    2    3     3     4    o —  20 

Left  on  bases — Athletics,  10 ;  Hesperians,  4. 

Fouls  caught — Athletics,  9 ;  Hesperians,  10. 

Struck  out — Athletics,  o ;  Hesperians,  7. 

Home  runs — Athletics,  4 — Remley,  2 ;  Booth,  i ;  Brasted,  i ;  Hesperians,  o. 

Put  out  on  bases,  by  Athletics,  ist,  6;  2d  base,  o;  3rd  base,  3;  home  base, 
18.    By  Hesperians,  ist  base,  7;  2d  base,  3;  3d  base,  2;  hom«  base,  15. 

"At  the  close  of  the  game  at  2  p.  m.  three  and  a  half  hours  long,  the  Hes- 
perians though  vanquished  were  in  good  humor  and  gave  three  cheers  for  the 
Anamosa  club.  The  compliment  was  heartily  returned  in  favor  of  the  Hes- 
perians who  conducted  themselves  as  gentlemen  throughout.  Three  cheers 
were  then  given  for  the  umpire  and  scorers  and  on  invitation  of  the  Athletics 
the  Hesperians  and  all  connected  with  the  game  proceeded  to  the  dinner  table 
where  a  most  bountiful  collation  was  soon  in  process  of  rapid  disposal  before  the 
sharpened  appetites  of  the  players.  The  best  of  feeling  prevailed  and  the 
Hesperians  evinced  that  they  were  possessed  of  the  quality  of  gentlemanly 
courtesy  and  honor — ^virtues  far  more  difficult  of  realization  in  defeat  than  in 

"We  may  add  that  when  base  ball  was  first  introduced  as  a  national  game, 
the  rules  were  entirely  different  from  those  now  in  vogue.  The  pitcher,  for 
instance,  actually  pitched  the  ball,  or  tossed  it,  the  movement  of  his  arm  being 
that  of  the  pendulum,  and  the  catcher  took  the  ball  on  the  bound,  except  perhaps 
on  the  third  strike.  A  foul  ball  anywhere  if  taken  on  the  first  bound  was  out. 
The  batter  was  obliged  to  call  for  a  *high  ball,'  between  the  hip  and  shoulder, 
or  a  4ow  ball,'  between  the  hip  and  the  ankle.  The  enormous  score  of  146 
to  20  resulted  largely  from  the  fact  that  the  Athletics  far  surpassed  their  oppo- 
nents as  batters,  and  we  well  remember  that  after  the  Athletics  had  made  the 
round  of  the  diamond  from  14  to  18  times  each,  and  the  Hesperians  had  chased 
the  balls  for  three  and  a  half  hours,  we  were  a  mighty  tired  lot. 

"Concerning  the  Athletics  w^e  may  add  that  Mr.  E.  G.  Stanley,  the  catcher, 
is  a  resident  of  Cedar  Rapids  and  is  in  the  insurance  business;  Milton  Remley, 
the  pitcher,  resides  in  Iowa  City,  was  Attorney  General  of  Iowa  and  is  still 

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one  of  the  most  prominent  attorneys  of  the  state;  M.  B.  C.  True,  right  fielder 
was  a  resident  of  Nebraska  the  last  we  knew  of  him  and  has  been  in  newspaper 
business  and  school  work;  T.  E.  Booth,  first  baseman,  is  still  holding  down  the 
first  base  in  the  Eureka  office;  Ezra  Keeler,  short  stop,  has  practiced  law  in 
Denver  many  years ;  George  Gavitt,  2d  baseman,  was  killed  on  a  railroad  many 
years  ago;  Jas.  H.  Williams,  3d  baseman,  played  ball  with  as  much  love  and 
agility  as  a  boy  until  long  after  his  hair  was  white.  He  has  been  dead  many 
years;  I.  H.  Brasted,  left  fielder,  was  in  the  mercantile  business  for  forty  years 
and  is  now  deputy  county  treasurer ;  P.  A.  Tietsort,  center  fielder,  left  Anamosa 
many  years  ago  and  we  know  nothing  of  his  whereabouts. 

"Of  the  Hesperians  we  can  say  very  little.  E.  N.  Howard,  pitcher,  was  an 
employe  in  the  Monticello  Express  office  for  a  long  term  of  years,  and  early 
in  its  history  was  half  owner  with  Mr.  G.  H.  Scott,  short  stop,  and  died  some 
months  ago;  C.  Dewey,  ist  baseman,  if  we  mistake  not,  became  the  accomplished 
leader  of  a  JMonticello  band  and  is  in  Kansas;  P.  Periolat,  center  fielder,  is  in 
Chicago.  Col.  Duer,  the  scorer,  is  dead  and  Mr.  Failing,  scorer  for  the  Athletics, 
died  several  years  ago  in  Duluth  in  the  home  of  an  adopted  daughter." 


Anamosa's  great  fire  of  February  14,  1875,  in  which  twelve  thousand  dollars 
worth  of  property  was  destroyed  convinced  the  people  of  the  necessity  of 
organizing  a  fire  department  and  on  July  21,  1875,  the  City  Council  passed 
an  ordinance  authorizing  the  formation  of  a  fire  department.  At  a  meet- 
ing of  the  citizens  on  the  third  day  of  August,  1875,  the  Anamosa  Fire  Depart- 
ment was  organized. 

The  fire  department  consists  of  Deluge  Hose  Company  No.  i.  Rescue  Hose 
Company  No.  2  and  Weir  Hook  &  Ladder  Company.  Each  department  has  its 
separate  officers  in  addition  to  the  general  officers  of  the  fire  department. 

The  first  officers  of  the  Anamosa  Fire  Company  were :  J.  H.  Williams,  chief 
engineer;  E.  M.  Harvey,  first  assistant;  Geo.  L.  Yount,  second  assistant. 

The  following  have  been  the  chiefs  since  its  organization :  James  H.  Williams, 
W.  A.  Cunningham,  John  I.  VanNess,  T.  E.  Watters,  John  D.  Cudworth,  R.  E. 
Giltrap,  E.  M.  Harvey. 

The  present  officers  are  as  follows:  R.  Giltrap,  chief;  L.  G.  Fisher,  first 
assistant;  Henry  Dorgeloh,  second  assistant;  A.  S.  Knapp,  secretary. 


The  first  officers  were:  John  G.  Cudworth,  foreman;  L.  G.  Clark,  assistant; 
G.  S.  Peet,  assistant ;  S.  I.  Williams,  secretary ;  Chas.  Carter,  treasurer.  Nimibcr 
of  members  twenty-two. 

The  officers  for  1909  are:  E.  McKinstry,  foreman;  Ed.  Harvey,  first  assist- 
ant: T.  B.  nines,  second  assistant;  A.  S.  Knapp,  secretary.  Number  of  mem- 
bers twenty-six. 

The  list  of  members  are :  E.  McKinstry,  Ed.  Beam,  Ed.  Harvey,  A.  S.  Knapp, 
T.  B.  Hines,  Benj.  E.  Harrison,  John  F.  Berkhart,  Ray  Powers,  Fred  Althen, 

Digitized  by 



Chauncy  Miller,  Amos  Appleby,  Ralph  Simmons,  Ora  Appleby,  Henry  Sampica, 
Harry  Alspaugh,  Sam  Overfield,  Frank  Beam,  I.  P.  Minehart,  Addis  Bagley, 
Harry  Sutton,  Wm.  Herbst,  Qias.  Zimmers,  Henry  Cgnrad,  Wm.  McCarty, 
Earl  Yount,  Harry  Johnson. 


The  first  officers  were:  John  I.  VanNess,  foreman;  W.  J.  Pavey,  assistant; 
E.  M.  Stickney,  secretary  and  treasurer.    Number  of  members  twenty-two. 

The  officers  for  1909  are :  John  Dorgeloh,  foreman ;  Cleve  Giltrap,  assistant ; 
Albert  Qark,  secretary.    Niunber  of  members  twenty-six. 

List  of  members  are:  John  Dorgeloh,  Cleve  Giltrap,  Albert  Clark,  M.  Hines, 
Ed.  Snyder,  B.  McLaughlin,  F.  Mutsch,  A.  Stewart,  Geo.  Walker,  N.  Schwirtz, 
Harry  Clarke,  Jno.  Goodman,  M.  Fay,  Earl  Miller,  Wm.  F.  Glick,  S.  T. 
McLaughlin,  Wm.  Leach,  R.  Minehart,  F.  Benedom,  Earl  Boyer. 


First  officers  were :  L.  C.  Aldridge,  foreman ;  Frank  Fisher,  assistant ;  B.  Dott, 
secretary  and  treasurer.    Number  of  members  thirty-five. 

Present  officers :  F.  Richmond,  foreman;  N.  Little,  first  assistant;  P.  E.  Lowe, 
second  assistant;  J.  F.  Fisher,  secretary;  C.  H.  Mellecher,  treasurer.  Number 
of  members  twenty-three. 

List  of  members :  F.  Richmond,  Nat  Little,  J.  F.  Fisher,  D.  N.  Perkins,  C.  H. 
Mellecher,  A.  E.  Walton,  A.  Zimmerman,  Preston  Kramar,  J.  H.  Sherman, 
R,  Hendricksen,  P.  E.  Lowe,  S.  A.  Mittan,  Jas.  M.  Conway,  Neil  Conway,  E.  A. 
Fisher,  C.  H.  Hastings,  Dan  Beam,  Armour  Gould,  Guy  Cartano,  Chas.  Beaver, 
J.  H.  Chadwick,  W.  J.  Fisher,  Leigh  Pearson. 

For  a  number  of  years  Anamosa  has  had  one  of  the  best  equipped  and  best 
drilled  fire  companies  in  the  state  and  at  several  state  tournaments  secured  marked 


The  biggest  fire  that  Anamosa  ever  had  occurred  on  the  fourteenth  day  of 
February,  1875,  ^^^  destroyed  twelve  thousand  dollars  worth  of  property  and 
is  described  as  follows : 

The  fourteenth  day  of  February,  1875,  was  Sunday.  In  the  morning,  at 
1:30,  wild  cries  of  "Fire!  Fire!*'  broke  upon  the  stillness  of  the  night,  the  Con- 
gregation bell  reechoed  the  dreadful  alarm,  and  in  a  few  minutes  hundreds  of 
citizens  were  rushing  in  the  direction  of  the  lurid  light  of  roaring  and  crackling 
flames  bursting  out  of  what  was  formely  known  as  the  old  "Courthouse  building." 
occupied  by  A.  N.  Dennison,  dealer  in  boots  and  shoes,  and  Emory  Perfect,  gro- 
cery dealer.  There  was  only  a  slight  breeze  from  the  northwest,  but  the  head- 
way which  the  fire  had  attained  and  the  cumbustible  nature  of  the  wooden  build- 
ings filling  the  space  between  the  Union  Block,  comer  of  Main  and  Ford  streets, 
on  the  west,  and  Frank  Fisher's  block,  at  the  foot  of  Booth  street,  on  the  east, 
rendered  impossible   for  the  citizens  to  avail  anything  against  the  devouring 

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flames.  A  few  tools  were  snatched  from  the  work-shop,  by  way  of  the  back 
door.  Loss  on  the  building,  one  thousand  dollars,  insured  for  five  hundred  dol- 
lars ;  loss  on  stock,  threfe  thousand  dollars,  insured  for  one  thousand  dollars.  Mr. 
Dennison  had  added  stock  to  the  amount  of  eight  hundred  dollars,  only  the  week 
before.  A  new  safe,  containing  about  five  hundred  dollars  in  greenbacks  and 
Mr.  Dennison's  account  books,  was  badly  damaged,  but  the  money  and  books 
were  found  all  right  the  next  day.  A  fine  line  of  samples  belonging  to  W.  E. 
Moss,  of  Balch  &  Co.,  boot  and  shoe  dealers,  Lyons,  valued  at  four  hundred 
dollars  had  been  left  in  Mr.  Dennison's  store  and  was  destroyed.  W.  L.  Story 
also  lost  tools  to  the  amount  of  ten  dollars. 

Four  barrels  of  kerosene  oil  and  a  lot  of  boxes  were  hurriedly  removed 
from  the  back  room  of  Emory  Perfect's  grocery,  but  nothing  else  was  saved.  Loss 
on  stock,  one  thousand,  four  hundred  dollars,  insured  for  one  thousand  dollars. 
The  building  was  the  property  of  Col.  W.  T.  Shaw,  was  valued  at  one  thousand, 
two  hundred  dollars  and  was  an  entire  loss. 

The  next  building  on  the  east  belonged  to  C.  L.  Holcomb,  and  was  occupied 
by  A.  E.  Parady,  boot  and  shoe  maker.  Mr.  Parady  lost  nearly  everything.  Value 
of  building  five  hundred  dollars.    Mr.  Parady's  loss  was  three  hundred  dollars. 

Mr.  Holcomb  was  also  the  owner  of  the  adjoining  building,  occupied  by  D.  H. 
Kelly,  as  a  barber-shop.  Los3  on  building,  three  hundred  dollars.  Mr.  Kelly's 
fixtures  were  nearly  all  saved,  and  his  loss  was  but  small. 

Next  came  the  post-office  building,  owned  by  B.  L.  Matson.  Lew  Kinert, 
the  clerk,  was  sleeping  in  the  office,  and  by  the  reason  of  this  fact  the  valuables 
were  saved.  Mr.  Coe,  the  post-master,  lost  about  fifty  dollars.  The  building 
was  valued  at  six  hundred  dollars,  and  insured  for  four  hundred  dollars.  Messrs. 
G.  W.  Strode  &  Son,  jewelers,  in  post-office  building,  lost  one  hundred  and 
twenty-five  dollars,  mostly  in  tools. 

Still  the  flames  swept  onward,  and  A.  H.  Sherman's  harness  shop  went  next. 
His  stock  and  tools  were  saved  with  a  loss  of  about  seventy-five  dollars.  The 
building  was  owned  by  H.  C.  Metcalf ,  and  valued  at  eight  hundred  dollars ;  no 

J.  Rhodes,  the  confectioner,  was  the  next  victim.  He  had  recently  repaired 
his  building  and  placed  therein  a  new  stock  of  confectionery,  canned  goods,  gro- 
ceries, etc.  The  goods  were  removed,  but  not  without  damage.  Mr.  Rhodes' 
loss  on  building  and  contents  reached  one  thousand  dollars.  In  the  second  story 
lived  Mrs.  Cause  and  daughter.  A  piano,  in  being  carried  down,  fell  and  was 
badly  damaged.  Loss  on  piano  and  household  eflfects  estimated  at  one  thousand 
dollars.  Mr.  Rhodes'  building  was  razed  to  the  ground,  in  the  hope  of  stopping 
the  course  of  the  scorching  flame;  but  this  seemed  hopeless,  and  it  was  finally 
decided  that  the  next  building,  belonging  to  Joseph  Moore,  must  also  come  down, 
as  it  abutted  against  Fank  Fisher's  brick  block,  and  there  was  danger  anticipated 
from  the  heat  and  flames  breaking  and  entering  the  glass  front.  But  the  fire 
had  been  raging  two  hours  or  more,  and  the  masses  of  snow  in  the  rear  and  in 
the  adjacent  gutter  on  Main  street  were  rapidly  melting  and  afforded  consid- 
erable water.  Water  was  dashed  on  by  lines  of  men  in  front  and  rear,  and 
finally  the  flames  were  under  control.  Mr.  Moore's  building  was  scorched  some, 
and  otherwise  damaged   to  the  amount  of   four  hundred   dollars,   before  the 

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onward  rnarch  of  the  flames  could  be  checked.  In  this  building  was  the  law 
office  of  King  &  Dietz,  but  their  books,  etc.,  were  removed  with  but  small  damage. 
In  the  second  story  resided  Mrs.  S.  Thomas  and  a  little  daughter,  the  former 
being  confined  to  her  room  by  sickness.  They  were  safely  transferred  to  other 
quarters,  and  their  household  goods  saved  with  but  little  damage.  Slingerland 
&  Son,  painters,  occupied  a  room  in  this  building,  and  suffered  a  small  loss. 

R.  A.  Markham,  dealer  in  sewing  machines,  and  Markham  &  Burgess,  dealers 
in  organs,  etc.,  suffered  a  small  loss  by  the  fire.  Mr.  A.  Heitchen  also  suffered  a 
loss  of  about  seventy-five  dollars.  The  total  loss  by  the  conflagration  was  twelve 
thousand  dollars.  Total  insurance,  two  thousand,  nine  houndred  dollars.  The 
origin  of  the  fire  was  unknown. 

August  IT,  1896,  Prison  fire.  The  fire  department  was  called  out  at  7:55 
on  the  night  of  August  11,  1896,  by  a  fire  at  the  State  Penitentiary  and  when 
the  company  arrived  at  8 :  00  o  clock  the  fire  was  under  great  headway.  The 
fire  was  in  the  frame  kitchen  and  dining-room  and  rapidly  got  under  headway  and 
practically  burned  down.  The  fire  department  assisted  until  12:00  a.  m.,  and 
did  a  great  service  in  protecting  the  surrounding  property  and  retarding  the  fire. 

October  26,  1901.  At  10:  20  a.  m.,  October  26,  1901,  the  Presbyterian  church 
on  Strawberry  Hill,  caught  fire  from  sparks  and  burning  leaves  falling  on  the  dry 
shingle  roof  from  a  bonfire  of  burning  leaves  around  the  church.  The  fire 
totally  destroyed  the  church.     Insurance,  eight  hundred  dollars. 

December  7,  1901.  On  this  date  the  house  of  the  sheriff  adjoining  the  County 
Jail,  caught  fire  from  a  chimney  and  did  considerable  damage. 

January  28,  1902.  At  8:30  o'clock  the  Prospect  Park  Sanitarium  caught 
fire  from  sparks  falling  on  the  roof  at  the  north  end  of  the  building  and  immedi- 
ately gaining  headway.  All  patients  in  the  building  were  carried  to  private  homes 
and  taken  care  of.  The  large  building  was  rapidly  damaged,  the  second  story 
being  practically  ruined.  It  was  a  very  cold  morning,  the  temperature  being 
ten  degrees  below  zero,  and  it  was  with  great  difficulty  and  danger  the  firemen 
could  work.  It  was  necessary  for  the  firemen  to  watch  the  fire  until  4:00 
o'clock  p.  m. 

March  22,  1902.  The  American  Cooperage  Butter  Tub  Factory  situated  inside 
of  the  penitentiary  walls  caught  fire  and  was  totally  destroyed.  The  origin  of 
the  fire  is  unknown  and  great  amount  of  damage  was  done. 

April  12,  1902.  At  I  :oo  o'clock  p.  m.  on  this  date,  Belknap  Bros.  Implement 
Store  &  Plant  situated  in  the  Huggins  building  on  north  Ford  street  caught  on 
fire  from  an  unknown  origin  and  much  damage  done. 

November  30,  1902.  On  Sunday  November  30,  1902,  at  2:00  o'clock  p.  m., 
the  fire  department  of  Anamosa  was  called  together  to  assist  the  fire  department 
of  Monticello,  Iowa,  in  a  very  bad  and  dangerous  fire,  situated  in  Eastwood  & 
Chase  Hardware  Store.  The  fire  was  so  dangerous  and  threatening  that  the 
town  of  Monticello  was  in  danger  and  a  special  freight  train  was  secured  trans- 
porting the  Anamosa  fire  department  to  Monticello.  The  Anamosa  boys  did 
great  service  and  materially  aided  in  putting  out  the  fire  and  received  the  thanks 
of  the  Monticello  community.  The  Monticello  people  treated  the  firemen  splen- 
didly and  quoting  from  the  records  of  the  fire  department  it  says :  "The  company 

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was  furnished  with  food  and  drink  while  fighting  the  fire  and  after  the  fire 
was  gotten  under  control  supper  was  served  for  the  company." 

April  2,  1907.  At  2:15  p.  m.  on  said  date  the  old  foundry  on  Strawberry 
Hill  was  burned  to  the  ground  and  ruined.  It  was  with  difficulty  that  the 
fire  department  saved  the  neighboring  buildings. 

November  20,  1908.  On  this  date  the  department  received  a  call  from  Amber, 
Iowa,  for  assistance,  the  town  being  in  danger  of  destruction.  The  Chicago  & 
Northwestern  Railway  Company  furnished  a  passenger  train  taking  the  fire 
boys  to  Amber,  where  they  assisted  in  putting  out  the  fire  and  saving  the  adjoin- 
ing property.  The  fire  started  in  the  building  of  Nathan  Steckel,  who  was 
burned  to  death. 


The  first  news  sheet  issued  in  Jones  County  was  called  the  Anamosa  News, 
started  by  William  Haddock  in  February,  1852.  He  purchased  an  old  press 
and  type  in  Wisconsin,  paying  therefor  three  hundred  dollars.  In  1856  he  sold 
the  aflfair  to  Nathan  G.  Sales,  who  conducted  the  sheet  in  such  a  manner  as  to 
pique  the  republicans  of  Anamosa  and  surrounding  country;  whereupon,  some 
of  the  more  vengeful  and  enterprising  spirits  determined  to  have  an  organ  of 
their  own.  John  E.  Lovejoy,  of  Scotch  Grove  township,  brother  of  Owen 
Lovejoy,  being  a  practical  printer,  talked  of  selling  his  farm  and  starting  a 
paper.  It  was  likewise  one  of  the  ambitions  of  C.  L.  D.  Crockwell  to  be  the  pro- 
prietor of  a  journal.  They  entered  into  partnership,  Lovejoy  making  out  a  list 
of  types  and  machinery  needed,  and  sending  to  Cincinnati  for  the  same.  Crock- 
well  became  security  for  the  payment  of  the  purchase  money. 

The  first  issue  of  the  paper  came  out  in  August,  1856.  After  three  issues, 
Lovejoy,  not  enjoying  the  hardships  and  labor  connected  with  journalism  of  the 
border,  and  owing  to  sickness  in  his  family,  returned  to  his  farm,  leaving  the 
entire  aflFair  in  Crockwell's  hands.  The  latter  was  a  druggist,  and  had  but  little 
time  or  inclination  to  devote  to  editorial  writing  and  other  journalistic  duties. 
He  therefore  asked  Mr.  Edmund  Booth  to  contribute  editorials  to  the  young 
enterprise  which  he  did  for  some  months.  Matt  Parrott,  afterward  state  binder 
and  publisher  of  the  Iowa  State  Reporter  at  Waterloo,  bought  an  interest  in  the 
paper  in  January,  1858.  May  3d  of  the  same  year,  found  the  journal  which 
was  called  The  Eureka,  under  the  ownership  of  Crockwell,  Parrott  &  B